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SS Exam


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makes laws
13th-15th Amendments
Civil War Amendments dealt with slavery
Chief Justice of Us
charges of serious wrong doings, indicted by House of Reps.
enforces laws
Compromise of 1850
California is free, Fugitive Slave Act passed
Presidental power to strike down a law passed by Congress
Thomas Stonewall Jackson
Southern general, fearless in face of battle
wanted a government that gave more rights to the states,and feared a strong government become a tyranny
Alexander Hamiltion
Federalist, wanted strong central government
work stoppage
The Potato Famine
sent many Irish to America
right to vote
Emancipation Proclamation
statement issued by Lincoln during war, which ended slavery in South
Battle of Bull Run
1st major battle, proved war was going to be long & coslty
general welfare
well being of all citizens
Battle of Bicksburg
Grant victory in Deep South, separated Confederacy
Great Compromise
Roger Sherman, created Bicameral Legislative branch
checks & balances
system set up so that branch has an equal share of the power in the government
Stephen Douglass
Illinois Senator, debated Lincoln, Democrat, popular sovereignty, Kansas-Nebraska Act
Battle of Antietam
Bloodiest day in US history, Maryland led to Emancipation Proclamation
political movement to eradicate the system of slavery
Gettysburg Affress
speech by Lincoln which stated the moral of the war was to make sure that democratic government survived
A government where the people elect representatives to rule for them
Battle of Fort Sumter
South Carolina, site of 1st battle of Civil War
James Madison
Father of Constitution
5th-8th Amendments
Protects those accused of a crime, no double jeopardy, due process,
American Dream
equal opportunity for success & prosperity
Special Interest Groups
people who try to raise support for one political cause
secretart of the treasure
economic policy
Robert E. Lee
southern commanding general, Virginian, smart tactician
underground railroad
escape route of slaves
Morse, faster communication
Secretary of State
foreign diplomacy
process of becoming a citizen
US Senate
6 year term, 2 per state, led by President Pro Tempore
an agreement where both sides give something up
Dred Scot v. Sanford
Supreme Court Case that said slave had no rights
The Preamble
opening statement of the Constitution. " We the People"
elite ruling class of the Southern Cotton Kingdom
US Secretary of State
15 members, appointed by President, oversee an area of importance
US house of reps
2 year term, membership based on population
Confederate States of America
name of the nation established by the Southern States after secession
a governemnt ruled by one central authority that only serves the needs of the ruler
steam engine, faster transportation
Missouri Compromise
draws a line between free and slave states, Missouri becomes a slave states
someone who move to a nation from another
Bill of Rights
First 10 amendments
Appomattox Court House
site of Lee's surrender to Grant
power of Congress to strike down a veto
Battle of Gettysburg
Pennsylvania, turning point of war, over 50000 dead
economic system, private ownership, competitive market
Supreme Court Justices
8 associates, 1 chief, serve for life
Patrick Henry
Anti Federalist, wanted to limit power of central government
Vice President
2nd Amendment
right to bear arms
The Enlightenment
era of european history when philsophers wanted to apply logic to government, Locke, Montesquieu, Voltaire
Attorney General
Alberto Gonzales
Virginia Plan
Large States
US president
4 year term, limited to two terms, elected by the electoral college
William LLoyd Garrison
abolitionist published the Liberator
Harper's Ferry
site of John Brown's raid & failed slave revolt
Three Fifths Comrpomise
agreement northern & southern states, slaves counted as a fraction of a person
a government ruled by the people directly
Frederick Douglasss
escaped slavery & wrote autobiography
William Tecumseh Sherman
Union general, led march through Georgia, destroyed everything in path
E Pluribus Unum
motto, out of many one
George Mclellan
Union general, 1st commander, overly cautious, fired by Lincoln
John Brown
abolitionist who led forces in Bleeding Kansas
Bleeding Kansas
mini civil war over voting on the issue of slavery
Senators of NJ
Menendez & Lautenberg
cotton gin
Whitney, processed cotton faster,increased demand for slavery
Uncle Tom's Cabin
Harriet Beecher Stowe, Anti Slavery novel
Ulysses S. Grant
Union general, unconditional surrender, accepts Lee's surrender
Battle of Fredericksburg
Overwhelming Southern victory in Virginia
Federal Agencies
Organizations that deal with a specific area of interest for the federal govt.
interpret laws, US Supreme court
upholding laws fairly
Roman Influence
1st republic, senate, warning of failure of republic into dictatorship
British influence
magna carta, bill of rights, bicameral legislative branch with control over king
Abraham Lincoln
Republican, 16th President, led during the Civil War
judicial review
power of the supreme court can declare an law or act of Congress to be unconstitutional
the Cabinet
group of advisors to the President
Greek Influence
1st democracy, golden age, athens, socrates
Congressman representing NJ-9
Mayor of Moonachie
Fred Dressel
!st Amendment
freedom of religion,speech,press,petition & protest
Jefferson Davis
1st , last & the only President of the Confederate States of America
Republican Party
Lincoln, against expansion of slavery
secretary of defense
armed forces
Nat Turner
African American, led a slave revolt, caused Slave codes
Harriet Tubman
Black Moses, conductor on underground railroad
people who irrationally fear immigrants
slave codes
laws that governed the conduct of slaves
Limited government
federal government is entitled only powers of Constitution
NJ Plan
small states
Fugitive Slave Act
forced Notherners to return escaped slaves
wanted a Constitution that has a strong central government
proposal for a law
Governor of NJ
total war
strategy used by Uniton
U.S. Constitution
the framework of the U.S
domestic tranquility
peace & order at home
to leave a union or organization
Popular sovereignty
the belief that the people have the right to alter or abolish their own government

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