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TCM Herbal Formulas


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Exterior excess wind-cold attack constraining wei qi

fever & chills (chills predominant), no sweating, headache, general body aches, wheezing
Ma Huang Tang

(ephedra decoction)
Exterior wind-cold attack leading to a deficient condition

fever & chills not relieved by sweating, headache, aversion to wind, stiff neck, nasal congestion, dry heaves, no thirst
Gui Zhi Tang

(cinnamon twig decoction)
Simultaneous Tai Yang & Yang Ming condition, exterior not completely released but interior ablaze with heat

Dysentery diarrhea, fever, sweating, thirst, irritability, heat in chest, possible wheezing
Ge Gen Huang Lian Huang Qin Tang

(kudzu, coptis, scutellaria decoction)
acute exterior wind cold attack with chronic congested fluids or spleen xu

fever & chills (chills predominant), no sweating, cough, wheezing, copious, white, stringy sputum that's difficult to expectorate, stifled chest, heaviness, body ac
Xiao Qing Long Tang

(minor bluegreen dragon decoction)
Early, superficial exterior wind-heat attack with cough

wind-heat with cough predominant, slight fever, slight thirst
Sang Ju Yin

(mulberry leaf & chrysanthemum decoction)
early exterior wind-heat attack enters through nose & mouth, attacks lung

fever, slight or no chills, headache, thirst, cough, sore throat predominant
Yin Qiao San

(honeysuckle & forsythia powder)
exterior wind attack headache

headache with fever & chills, dizziness, nasal congestion
Chuan Xiong Cha Tiao San

(ligusticum powder with green tea)
unresolved exterior wind-cold attack constrained & transformed into heat. Simultaneous Tai Yang/Yang Ming disorder

increasing fever, decreasing chills, headache, stiff extremities, orbital & eye pain, dry nasal passages, irritibility,
Chai Ge Jie Ji Tang

(bupleurum & kudzu decoction to release the muscle layer)
exterior wind-cold attack at Tai Yang level with upper body muscle stiffness

fever & chills, no sweating, stiff & rigid neck and upper back
Ge Gen Tang

(kudzu decoction)
exterior wind-cold-damp attack battling the body's normal qi which is deficient and unable to expel the pathogen

high fever, severe chills with shivering, no sweating, pain & stiffness in the head & neck, sore & painful limbs, foca
Ren Shen Bai Du San

(ginseng powder to overcome pathogenic influences)
blazing heat in the Yang Ming Channel (or Qi level heat)

Four bigs: high fever with profuse sweating, aversion to heat, red face, severe thirst, irritability, possible headache, toothache, bleeding gums & nose, heavy labored breathing
Bai Hu Tang

(white tiger decoction)
severe obstruction of the three jiaos by fire toxicity which pervades both interior and exterior

high fever, irritability, dry mouth & throat, incoherent speech, insomnia, dark urine, boils, carbuncles
Huang Lian Jie Du Tang

(coptis decoction to relieve toxicity)
lung heat obstructing flow of qi (little or no phlegm)

fever, sweat or no sweat, thirst, wheezing, cough, labored breathing, nasal flaring, pain
Ma Xing Shi Gan Tang

(ephedra, apricot kernel, gypsum & licorice decoction)
excess heat (or damp-heat) in liver and/or gallbladder channels

hypochondriac pain, headache, dizziness, red & sore eyes, hearing loss, swelling in ears, biter taste, irritability, short temper
Long Dan Xie Gan Tang

(gentiana longdancao decoction to drain the liver)
heat smoldering in yin regions of body, yin deficiency with lingering heat

night fever, morning coolness, no sweat, emaciation, appetite normal
Qing Hao Bie Jia Tang

(artemisia and soft-shelled turtle shell decoction)
constipation with blood deficiency

constipation, lusterless skin & nails, dry mouth, unquenchable thirst
Run Chang Wan

(moisten intestines pill)
Yang Ming organ stage disorder

severe constipation, flatulence, abdominal pain upon pressure, focal distention, fullness
Da Cheng Qi Tang

(major order the qi decoction)
relatively mild Yang Ming organ stage disorder

tidal fever, constipation, focal distention, abdominal fullness, abdominal pain that doesn't increase upon pressure
Xiao Cheng Qi Teng

(minor order the qi decoction)
mild constipation due to Yang Ming organ disorder

irritability, absence of focal distention & abdominal fullness
Tiao Wei Cheng Qi Tang

(regulate the stomach & order the qi decoction)
Shao Yang stage disorder

alternating fever & chills, dry throat, bitter-sour taste, dizziness, irritability, fullness in chest & hypocondrium, heartburn, nausea, vomiting, reduced appetite
Xiao Chai Hu Tang

(minor bupleurum decoction)
liver constraint with blood deficiency (excess & deficient pattern)

hypochondriac pain, haeache, vertigo, bitter taste, dry mouth & throat, fatigue, reduced appetite, might be alternating fever & chills, irregular menses, distended
Xiao Yao San

(rambling powder)
yang or hot-collapse most commonly due to heat entering the interior where it constrains the yang qi, true heat-false cold

cold fingers & toes (body is warm), sometimes with irritability and fullness in chest & epigastrium. Might be ab
Si Ni San

(frigid extremities powder)
water buildup, pathogen not released from exterior penetrates to Tai Yang organ (bladder), inability of spleen to transform damp may cause retention of congested fluids in lower jiao

headache, fever, irritability, difficult urination, st
Wu Ling San

(five ingredient powder with poria)
stomach qi disharmony due to hot-cold complex, usually due to improper purging of an exterior or shao yang condition with underlying stomach qi xu

epigastrium soft to touch, focal distention, fullness/tightness with slight or no pain, dry heav
Ban Xia Xie Xin Tang

(pinellia decoction to drain the epigastrium)
clumping of water and heat due to injury from cold entering the yang ming or shao yin stage where it turns into heat

difficult urination with fever & thirst, desire to drink. May be diarrhea, cough, nausea, irritability, insomnia
Zhu Ling Tan

(polyporus decoction)
skin edema due to spleen deficiency with vigourous damp and qi stagnation

general edema, heaviness, distention, dullness in abdomen & epigastrium, labored breathing, difficult urination
Wu Pi San

(five peel powder)
damp-cold stagnation in the spleen & stomach

distention & fullness in epigastrium & abdomen, loss of taste & appetite, heaviness in limbs, loose stools, diarrhea, easily fatiged, increased desire to sleep, nausea & vomiting
Ping Wei San

(calm the stomach powder)
exterior wind-cold with concurrent interior turbid damp injury due to stagnation

fever & chills, headache, fullness & stifling oppression in chest, epigastric & abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, borborygmous, diarrhea, loss of tast
Huo Xiang Zheng Qi San

(agastache powder to rectify the qi)
damp heat in the lower jiao

various damp heat complaints with scanty yellow urine, greasy-yellow tongue coat, pain in low back or limbs (esp sinews/bones), weakness/atrophy of lower limbs, red & hot, swollen painful feet or kneews, thick,
Er Miao San

(two-marvel powder)

Huang Bai & Cang Zhu
hot or bloody, painful urinary dysfunction caused by clumping of damp heat in the lower jiao

dark, turbid, scanty, difficult urination, dry mouth & throat. Severe: urinary retention, low abdominal pain
Ba Zheng San

(eight herb powder for rectification)
Kidney yang deficiency or spleen-kidney yang deficiency with retention of pathogenic water

abdominal pain aggravated by cold, difficult urination, deep aching/heavy limbs, edema, loose stool, dizziness, heavy head, palpitations, cough, vomiti
Zhen Wu Tang

(true warrior decoction)
Painful obstruction (bi) with liver and kidney deficiency

heavy & painful sensation at fixed locations in low back & low extremities accompanied by weakness & stiffness, aversion to cold, likes warmth, palpitations, SOB. May be num
Du Huo Ji Sheng Tang

(angelica pubescens and sangjisheng decoction)
middle jiao cold from deficiency

diarrhea with watery stool, nausea & comiting, no thirst, loss of appetitie, abdominal pain
Li Zhong Wan

(regulate the middle pill)
cold from deficiency of stomach and/or stomach-liver or cold attacking middle jiao

vomiting immediately after eating, indeterminate gnawing hunger, acid regurgitation, may be abdominal pain. Dry heaves, vertex headache. Vomiting & diarrhea
Wu Zhu Yu Tang

(evodia decoction)
weakness & deficiency of middle jiao yang & yin OR ascending cold in the interior

excruciating epigastric & abdominal pain intolerant of touch, strong sensation of cold in epigastrium, vomiting with inability to eat. May be borbory
Da Jian Zhong Tang

(major construct the middle decoction)
Kidney yang deficiency accompanied by increase in interior cold

extremely cold extremities, aversion to cold, sleeping with knees drawn up, lethargy, constant desire to sleep, vomiting, diarrhea with undigested food, abdominal pain and cold, l
Si Ni Tang

(frigid extremities powder)
spleen qi deficiency

pallor, low and soft voice, reduced appetite, loose stool, limb weakness
Si Jun Zi Tang

(four gentleman decoction)
concurrent spleen qi deficiency with phlegm/damp

loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, focal distention, stifled chest & epigastrium, coughing of thin, white sputum
Liu Jun Zi Tang

(six gentleman decoction)

Si Jun Zi Tang + Er Chen Tang
spleen & stomach qi deficiency leading to sinking of yang

intermittent fever worsens with exertion, spontaneous sweating, aversion to cold, thirst for warm drinks, SOB, laconic speech, tendency to curl up, weak limbs, shiny-pale complexion
Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang

(tonify the middle and augment the qi decoction)
concurrent deficiency of qi & yin, especially lung

chronic cough with sparse sputum that is difficult to expectorate, SOB, spontaneous sweating, dry mouth & tongue
Sheng Mai San

(generate the pulse powder)
blood deficiency, primarily liver blood

dizziness, blurred vision, lusterless complexion & nails, general muscle tension, irregular menses with little flow or amenorrhea, periumbilical & lower abdominal pain, possible palpitations
Si Wu Tang

(four-substance decoction)
spleen & heart deficiency, esp spleen; restless heart spirit; qi & blood deficiency, spleen not controlling blood

forgetfulness, palpitations, poss anxiety, insomnia, dream-disturbed sleep, anxiety, phobia, feverishness, withdrawal, re
Gui Pi Tang

(restore the spleen decoction)
concurrent qi & blood deficiency often due to chronic disease or excessive blood loss

pallor, sallow complexion, palpitations with anxiety, reduced appetite, SOB, laconic speech, easily-fatigued extremities, lightheadedness or vertigo
Ba Zhen Tang

(eight-treasure decoction)
qi & blood deficiency with consumptive disorders

cough, reduced appetite, spermatorrhea, weakness in lower extremities. May include sores that won't heal, continuous uterine spotting
Shi Quan Da Bu Tang

(all-inclusive great tonifying decoction)
kidney-liver yin deficiency

low back weakness/soreness, lightheadedness, vertigo, tinnitus, diminished hearing, night sweats, spontaneous nocturnal emissions. May be 5-palm heat, chronic dry sore throat, toothache, wasting & thirsting
Liu Wei Di Huang Wan

(six-ingredient pill with rehmannia)
yin deficiency with vigorous fire, consumptive heat with steaming bone

damp-heat in lower jiao with underlying kidney yin defiency

night sweats, dry mouth & tongue
Zhi Bai Di Huang Wan

(anemarrhena, phellodendron, rehmannia pill)
kidney yang deficiency with insufficient mingmen fire

low back pain, weakness of lower extremities, cold sensation in lower body, tense lower abdomen. So irritable can't lie down, breathes most comfortably leaning against something. Difficult
Jin Gui Shen Qi Wan

(kidney qi pill from golden cabinet)
liver qi stagnation with indigestion

focal distention, stifled chest & abdomen, fixed hypochondriac pain, belching, vomiting, acid regurgitation, mild cough with copious sputum, reduced appetite, indigestion
Yue Ju Wan

(escape restraint pill)
plum-pit qi

feeling of something stuck in the throat that cannot be swallowed or ejected, stifled chest & epigastrium. May be cough & vomiting
Ban Xia Hou Po Tang

(pinellia and magnolia bark decoction)
Phlegm-cold obstructing lung with kidney yang deficiency. Excess above, deficiency below.

cough & wheezing with watery, copious sputum, stifled chest & diaphragm, SOB with labored inhalation & smooth exhalation. May be pain in lowe
Su Zi Jiang Qi Tang

(perilla fruit decotion for directing qi downward)
stomach heat not allowing stomach qi to descend due to either long-term stomach deficiency or injured stomach qi from severe vomiting/diarrhea

severe, long-term hiccups, nausea, dry heaves, retching. Vomiting from debility after long illness o
Ju Pi Zhu Ru Tang

(tangerine peel and bamboo shavings decoction)
wheezing caused by wind-cold constraining the exterior & phlegm-heat smoldering in the interior

cough & wheezing with copious, thick, yellow sputum, damp-heat in jower jiao with lingering exterior S/S, labored breathing. Poss simultane
Ding Chuan Tang

(arrest wheezing decoction)

contains Ma Huang
blood buildup in lower jiao casued by accumulation of blood stasis and heat leading to clumping

acute lower abdominal pain, incontinence, night fevers, delirious speech, irritabilty, restlessness, thirst. Mania.
Tao He Cheng Qi Tang

(peach pit decoction to order the qi)
blood stasis in the chest with impairment of blood flow above the diaphragm complicated by liver qi stasis

pain in chest/hypochondrium, chronic stubborn, fixed, piercing headache, incessant hiccups, choking sensation when drinking, dry heaves,
Xue Fu Zhu Yu Tang

(drive out stasis in the mansion of blood decoction)
blood stasis in the womb causing restless fetus

mild, persistent uterine bleeding of purple or dark blood during pregnancy with abdominal pain that increases with pressure. Also for immobile masses in low abdomen with pain & tenderness, ab
Gui Zhi Fu Ling Wan

(cinnamon twig & poria pill)
deficiency of cold of Ren & Chong Mai together with obstruction due to blood stasis

mild, persistent uterine bleeding, irregular menses, bleeding between periods, pain, distention & cold in low abdomen, infertility, dry lips & mout
Wen Jing Tang

(warm the menses decoction)
exterior deficiency with weak & unstable wei qi

aversion to drafts, spontaneous sweating, recurrent colds, shiny-pale complexion
Yu Ping Feng San

(jade windscreen powder)
daybreak diarrhea

diarrhea just before sunrise, lack of interest in food, inability to digest what is eate, sore low back with cold limbs, fatigue & lethargy
Si Shen Wan

(four-miracle pill)
underlying yin deficiency and liver qi constraint which gives rise to heat that disturbs the Chong & Ren Mai, causing bleeding

continuous menstruation or uterine bleeding that alternates between flooding & trickling. Blood is very red
Gu Jing Wan

(stablize the menses pill)
restless organ disorder

disorientation, frequent melancholy, crying spells, inability to control self, restless sleep, may be night sweats, frequent yawning, moaning or deep sighing
Gan Mai Da Zao Tang

(licorice, wheat, jujube decoction)
heart & kidney yin deficiency

irritability, palpitations with anxiety, fatigue, insomnia, very restless sleep, inability to think or concentrate for even short periods of time, nocturnal emissions, forgetfulness, dry stools. May be sores o
Tian Wang Bu Xin Dan

(emperor of heaven's special pill to tonify the heart)
liver blood deficiency with heat from deficiency affecting the heart

irritability, inability to sleep, palpitations, night sweats, dizziness & vertigo, dry mouth & throat
Suan Zao Ren Tang

(sour jujube decoction)
improper purging has led to problems in all three yang stages

fullness in chest, irritability, occasional palpitations, difficult urination, constipation, delirious speech, inability to rotate trunk, sensation of extreme heaviness entire body.
Chai Hu Jia Long Gu Mu Li Tang

(bupleurum plus dragon bone & oyster shell decoction)
wind-heat or wind-damp (pre-existing damp-heat) traps pathogen in superficial blood vessels of skin

weepy, itchy, red skin lesions over a large part of the body: urticaria, psoriasis, eczema, dermatitis, tinea, diaper rash, purpura
Xiao Feng San
(eliminate wind powder from true lineage)
wind-stroke or wind-cold-damp bi

chronic pain, weakness, numbness. Also fixed, migrating pain in bones & joints with reduced ROM due to wind-cold-damp bi.
Xiao Huo Luo Dan

(minor invigorate the collaterals special pill)
damp-phlegm accumulation due to spleen qi xu

coughing with copious white sputum easily expectorated, focal distention, stifling in chest & diaphragm, palpitation, nausea/vomiting, dizziness
Er Chen Tang

(two cured decoction)
stomach-gallbladder disharmony with phlegm-heat

dizziness, vertigo, nausea/vomiting, insomnia, palpitations, anxiety, indeterminate gnawing hunger, seizures with copious sputum, focal chest distention, bitter taste, sl thirst
Wen Dan Tang

(warm the gallbladder decoction)
ascendant liver yang with interior liver wind

headache, dizziness, vertigo, tinnitus, blurry vision, heat rushing up to head, insomnia, dream-disturbed sleep, may be numbness, twitching, spasms, hemiplegia
Tian Ma Gou Teng Tang

(gastrodia & uncaria decoction)
dry-phlegm in lungs

cough with deep-seated sputum difficult to expectorate, wheezing, dry & sore throat
Bei Mu Gua Lou San

(fritillaria & trichosanthes fruit powder)
wind attacking lungs

coughing with or without slight chills & fever, itchy throat
Shi Sou San

(stop coughing powder)

dizziness or vertigo, headache, stifled chest, nausea or vomiting, copious sputum
Ban Xia Bai Zhu Tian Ma Tan

(pinella, atractylodis, gastrodia decoction)
food stagnation

focal distention & fullness in chest & epigastrium, abdominal distention with occasional pain, rotten-smelling belching, acid regurg, nausea/vomiting, food aversion
Bao He Wan

(preserve harmony pill)
collapse from roundworms due to heat in stomach & cold intestines

intermittent attacks of abdominal pain, stifling sensation, irritability, warmth in chest/epig, vomiting after eating, cold hands & feet
We Mei Wan

(mume pill)

Deck Info