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US History AP chapter 8


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The body that chose George Washington commander of the Continental Army.
Continental Congress
The British defeat that led to the fall of North's government and the end of the war.
Fiery Virginian and author of the official resolution of July 2, 1776, formally authorizing the colonies' independence.
Richard Henry Lee
British political party that replaced Lord North's Tories in 1782 and made a generous treaty with the United States.
The term by which the American Patriots were commonly known, to distinguish them from the American "Tories."
Leader whose small force conquered British forts in the West.
George Rogers Clark
Shrewd American diplomat who established the French alliance and worked with Jay and Adams to win a generous peace treaty.
Benjamin Franklin
Author of an explanatory indictment, signed on July 4, 1776, that accused George III of establishing a military dictatorship and maintaining standing.
Thomas Jefferson
The inflammatory pamphlet that demanded independence and heaped scorn on "the Royal Brute of Great Britain."
Common Sense
A wealthy Virginian of great character and leadership abilities who served his country without pay.
George Washington
The western boundary of the United States established in the Treaty of Paris.
Mississippi River
The church body most closely linked with Tory sentiment, except in Virginia.
Brilliant American general who invaded Canada, foiled Burgoyne's invasion, and in 1780 betrayed his country.
Benedict Arnold
The document that provided a lengthy explanation and justification of Richard Henry Lee's resolution, approved by Congress on July 2, 1776.
Declaration of Independence
Blundering British general whose slow progress south from Canada ended in disaster at Saratoga.
General Burgoyne
Another name for the American Tories.
Those who, despite their American birth, fought for King George and earned the contempt of the Patriots.
American naval commander who harrassed British shipping.
John Paul Jones
The river valley that was the focus of Britain's early military strategy and the scene of Burgoyne's surrender at Saratoga in 1777.
Hudson Valley
The other European nation besides France and Spain that supported the American Revolution by declaring war on Britain.
Term for the alliance of Catherine the Great of Russia and other European powers who did not declare war but assumed a hostile neutrality to Britain.
Armed Neutrality
Mohawk chief who led many Iroquois to fight with Britain against American revolutionaries.
Joseph Brant
The irregular American troops who played a crucial role in swaying the neutral civilian population toward the Patriot cause.
Military engagement that, although technically a British victory, cost the redcoats heavily and led the king to declare the colonists in revolt.
Bunker Hill
The region that saw some of the Revolution's most bitter fighting, from 1780 to 1782, between American General Greene and British General Cornwallis.
British general who chose to relax in New York and Philadelphia rather than march up the Hudson to battle.
General Howe
The decisive early battle of the American Revolution that led to the alliance with France.
A radical British immigrant who put an end to American toasts to King George.
Thomas Paine
"Legalized pirates," more than a thousand strong, who inflicted heavy damage on British shipping.
The British colony that Americans invaded in hopes of adding it to the rebellious thirteen.

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