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8th Hist ch 23


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April 6, 1917
United States entered WW I
Civilian efforts for the war
more women joined the work force; volunteer groups were formed to support the "boys" in France; memberships in American Red Cross multiplied;
Allied Powers
Britain, France, Russia, Italy, and later the United States
Big Four
Woodrow Wilson; Georges Clemenceau; David Lloyd George; Vittorio Orlando
May 1915--sinking of the Lusitania
the British ship, Lusitania, was sunk without warning off the coast of Ireland; 1198 people died--128 of them American
League of Nations
was provided for in Wilson's Fourteen Points; an organization of cooperating nations to talk over problems and settle them peacefully, preventing future wars; US did not join
How America raised money for the war
"Liberty" and "Victory" loan drives from the public; children sold produce; bought thrift stamps;
Triple Entente
"agreement"--Britain, France, Russia--all joined together because of fear of Germany
David Lloyd George
met at Paris Peace Conference; represented Britain
American response to the Treaty of Versailles
most Americans probably supported the treaty, many Senators were not pleased with it; because of the disagreements the treaty never did get passed; Congress simply stated the war over
Triple Alliance
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy--all joined together because of imperialistic goals
Vladimir Lenin
he was helped by Germany to lead Russians in Communist Revolution; he promised peace to the Russians and pulled Russia out of the war
Vittorio Orlando
met at Paris Peace Conference: represented Italy
Central Powers
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Turkey
Zimmermann Telegram
Arthur Zimmermann, German foreign minister, sent a telegram to the Geran minister in Mexico and said Mexico would be rewarded if it fought against the United States
War Labor Policies Board
created by the US government to keep costs and wages under control for workers (laborers)
Reasons US went to war
American sentiment favored the Allied cause; economic--to protect American investments; Allied propaganda--news came to America from mainly Britain and France; violation of America's Neutral Rights at sea;
Ferdinand Foch
French Marshall who served as Supreme Allied Commander
payment for damages by the losers
Treaty of Versailles
264 page treaty with Germany was detailed and blamed the entire war on Germany and forced Germany to pay for its actions; Woodrow Wilson was disappointed by some of the details
John Pershing
American General who commanded the American Expeditionary Force (AEF)
August 1, 1914
Germany declared war on Russia, and France joined with Russia against Germany and Austria-Hungary two days later
War Industries Board
organized the industrial production needed for the war
June 28, 1914
assassination in Sarajevo, Bosnia, of Archduke Francis Ferdinand, heir ot the Austro-Hungarian throne. WW I would soon follow
Georges Clemenceau
met at Paris Peace Conference; the French premier; he wanted to make sure Germany was never strong enough again to hurt his country
Armistice Day
November 11, 1918; Germany signed an armistice (an agreement to stop fighting); this US holiday is now known as Veterans Day
Fourteen Points
a set of guidelines by Woodrow Wilson to help rebuild European peace
What new weapons were invented during this time?
tanks; poison gas; airplane; U-boats (underwater boats)
Reasons Europe went to war
extreme nationalism--a devotion and pride in one's own nation; Imperialism; Militarism
American troops

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