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Computer Apps. 1

The vocab for Mr. Nielsen

Terms

undefined, object
copy deck
Colloquialism
The use of slang or informalities in speech or writing. Not generally acceptable for formal writing.
Chicanery
trickery: the use of tricks to deceive someone (usually to extract money from them)
Bellicose
Aggressive; hostile; Showing or having the impulse to be combative
Circumlocution
A roundabout or indirect way of speaking; the use of more words than necessary to express an idea.
ASCII
American Standard Code for Information Interchange. A set of 128 alphanumeric and special control characters. It is the standard for the keyboard in America.
RAM
Random-access memory: It allows random access and storage on the chip data as needed.
Abstemious
Sparing or moderate in eating and drinking; temperate in diet.
Antebellum
In general speech this term designates the period between 1812 and 1860 the period before the civil war. Strictly speaking, it is the Latin phrase which means "before the war"
Bowdlerize
To remove those parts of a text considered offensive, vulgar, or otherwise unseemly.
802.11b or g
They are wireless standards collectively known as Wi-Fi technologies. It was created by IEEE.
Accentuate
To give emphasis or prominence to.
Belie
To show to be false; to contradict
BIOS
Basic input/output system. Often referred to as CMOS, the BIOS provide an interface for a computer's hardware and software.
Auspicious
The promise of success.
Handwriting Recognition
The ability of a computer to receive and interpret intelligible handwritten input.
ROM
Computer memory in which program instructions, operating procedures, or other data are permanently stored, generally on electronic chips during manufacture and that ordinarily cannot be changed by the user.
Chromosome
Rod-like structure in the nucleus of a cell that forms during mitosis; composed of DNA and protein; chromosomes contain the genes responsible for heredity
Transistor
A device used to amplify a signal or open and close a circuit. In a computer, it functions as an electronic switch.
UNIX
Computer operating system developed by Bell Laboratories. Mostly used for servers and web servers.
Churlish
It means to be rude and boorish
ARPANET
A computer network developed by the Advanced Research Project Agency (now the Defense Advance Research Projects Agency) in the 1960s and 1970s as a means of communication between research laboratories and universities. ARPANET was the predecessor to the Internet.
Abrogate
To end an agreement.
Acumen
Keen insight; shrewdness
CCD
It stands for Charged Coupled Device. It is a sensor that collects light and turns it into an electrical signal.
Archie
Search tool used to find resources stored on Internet-based FTP servers.
ANSI
American National Standards Institute. This organization is responsible for approving US standards in many areas, including computers and communications. Standards approved by this organization are often called ANSI standards.
Postscript
A page description language (PDL) developed by Adobe, which describes the contents and layout of a page. PostScript also serves as a programming language whereby the PostScript code is executed by a PostScript RIP in the output device in order to produce a printout or film containing the page.
Capacitor
A device used for accumulating and holding a charge of electricity. (It is also called a condenser.)

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