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undefined, object
copy deck
refer; attribute; assign
purging or cleansing of any passage of the body; purging and weakening of strong emotions as a result of experiencing a dramatic work of art
implied comparison; CF. simile
s wage
begin and continue (a war)
decree (especially one issued by a sovereign); official command
n archives
public records; place where public records are kept
s rip
tear or be torn quickly and violently; Ex. The sail ripped under the force of the wind; N.
erase; strike out
n gruel
thin liquid porridge
n fiat
command; arbitrary order; Ex. presidential fiat; CF. let it be done
n adage
wise saying; proverb
n cog
tooth projecting from a wheel
s treasure
keep as precious; cherish
movable; not fixed; N. mobility
person dissatisfied with existing state of affairs; discontented person; ADJ: discontented
related to monks or monasteries; removed from worldly concerns
n archetype
prototype; primitive pattern
n coeval
living at the same time as; existing during the same period of time; contemporary; of the same age
s encircle
n decomposition
decay; V. decompose: decay; break and separate into simple parts
tireless; untiring; showing no sign of getting tired
state of being nameless; anonymousness; ADJ. anonymous
amoral; lewd and lascivious; unrestrained
language used by special group; technical terminology; gibberish; nonsensical or incoherent talk
n dapper
neat and trim (in appearance); (of small men) neat in appearance and quick in movements; neat; spry
mongrel; mixed breed; V. hybridize
n lumber
move heavily or clumsily; Ex. The bear lumbered through the woods; N: timber
n dismantle
take apart; disassemble
lacking self-restraint; not continent; licentious
harmful; causing injury
s well-bred
of good upbringing; well-mannered and refined
s billow
large wave of water; a great swell or surge (of smoke); V: surge, swell, roll in billows
n gibe
mock; make jeering remarks; N: jeering remarks
n fluted
having vertical parallel grooves (as in a pillar); V. flute: make long parallel inward curves in; N. flute: long rounded groove incised on the shaft of a column
s cadet
student at a military school
come to one as a gain; accumulate over time; come about by addition; Ex. benefits that accrue from scientific research; Ex. interest accruing in a bank account; N. accrual
sharp projection from fishhook, arrow, or other object; openly cutting remark
n arable
fit for growing crops; Ex. arable land
s ulcer
sore place appearing on the skin inside or outside the body; Ex. stomach ulcer; ADJ. ulcerous; V. ulcerate
hugeness (in a bad sense); excessive wickedness; Ex. enormity of the crime; ADJ. enormous
insurmountable; unbeatable; Ex. insuperable difficulties
n augury
omen; prophecy; sign of coming events; V. augur: predict; foretell; be a sign of (something in future)
s crust
hard outer covering (as of earth or snow)
reconciling; soothing; V. conciliate: reconcile; soothe; win the friendly feelings (by removing anger)
power to produce desired effect; ADJ. efficacious: effectual
informal discussion; conversation
n idolatry
worship of idols; excessive admiration or devotion; ADJ. idolatrous
n bemused
confused; lost in thought; preoccupied
fantastic; violently contrasting; noticeably odd; strikingly unconventional
s pilfer
steal things of small value; filch; snitch
dig out of the ground; remove from a grave
n falter
hesitate; weaken in purpose or action; walk or move unsteadily through weakness; N.
pass into or through; penetrate or enter (an organization) sneakily; Ex. infiltrate the troops into enemy territory; CF. infiltrator
n filing
particle removed by a file
n itinerant
wandering; traveling from place to place (to perform work); Ex. itinerant preacher
n ludicrous
laughable; ridiculous; trifling
vanity or self-love; too high opinion of one's own value; extravagant metaphor (in poetry)
n flinch
hesitate; shrink back (in fear of something unpleasant); Ex. She did not flinch in the face of danger.
n comeuppance
deserts; well-deserved punishment or misfortune; rebuke
s decrepit
weak and in bad condition from old age or hard use; Ex. decrepit old chair/man
gift giver; patron; person who does good or who gives money for a good purpose
n farce
broad comedy; mockery; humorous play full of silly things happening; ADJ. farcical
n checkered(chequered)
marked by great changes in fortune; with many changes of fortuene; CF. checked: having a pattern of squares
s brawl
noisy quarrel
trader; V. barter: trade; exchange good for other goods rather than money
s stoop
bend forward and down; lower or debase oneself; fall to a lower standard of behavior by doing something; condescend; Ex. stoop to lying
include; consist of
windstorm; gust of wind; emotional outburst (laughters, tears); Ex. gale of laughter
title; chapter heading; text under illustration
n ballast
heavy substance used to add stability or weight; V. supply with ballast
n covetous
avaricious; desirous of (someone else's possessions); V. covet: desire eagerly (someone else's possessions)
s high-flown
highly pretentious or inflated
n livid
lead-colored; black and blue (as from a bruise); ashen; enraged; extremely angry
s dissension
disagreement of opinions causing strife within a group
n mace
ceremonial staff used as a symbol of authority; clublike medieval weapon
formless; lacking shape or definition
specialized knowledge (in a particular field); expert skill
n furor
frenzy; great anger and excitement; CF. fury
an act of yielding; conceding; something conceded; point, right, etc. given unwillingly; privilege of maintaining a business in a certain place; Ex. oil concessions in the North sea; CF. concessionaire
n mirth
merriment; laughter
premonition of evil; feeling of coming evil; V. forebode: be a warning of (something unpleasant)
n jocose
given to(having a tendency of) joking
s humor
indulge; comply with the wishes of; N. quality that makes something amusing; state of mind; mood; Ex. in a bad humor; Ex. out of humor
person convicted of a grave crime; CF. felony: serious crime
n jaunt
trip; short journey
s distinctive
clearly different from others of the same kind
explain; interpret; Ex. construe her silence as meaning that she agreed; CF. misconstrue
join; unite; OP. uncouple
n bauble
trinket; cheap jewel; trifle
too certain to be disputed; beyond doubt
n brook
tolerate; endure; Ex. brook no interference; N: small stream
unmoved or unconcerned by; having no interest in; mediocre; neither good nor bad
beginning; forming of an idea; fertilization; V. conceive: form an idea in the mind; devise; become pregnant; CF. inception
freedom from punishment or harm; CF. punish
obscure; profound; difficult to understand
phrase dulled in meaning by repetition; platitude; ADJ. clich\'ed
n cataract
great waterfall; eye abnormality (causing a gradual loss of eyesight)
sociable; (of an animal) tending to form a group
s wring
twist (to extract liquid); extract by twisting; wrench painfully (necks or hands)
pride; haughtiness; ADJ. arrogant: unpleasantly self-important (with a strong confidence in one's own importance and a lack of respect for other people)
enormous chasm; vast bottomless pit
n killjoy
grouch; spoilsport; one who intentionally spoils the pleasure of others
s humble
of low rank or position; modest; having a low opinion of oneself and a high opinion of others; unassuming; not proud; V. humiliate: make humble; cause to feel ashamed or to lose the respect of others
n aegis
shield; protection; defense
n catholic
(of likings and interests) universal; general; broad; including many different parts; wide-ranging liberal; Ex. catholic opinions/tastes
loss of speech due to injury or illness
n apoplexy
stroke; loss of consciousness caused by too much blood in the brain
n leeway
room to move; margin; latitude; Ex. leeway for the deadline
sorrowful; N. dolor
n cameo
shell or jewel carved in relief; star's special appearance in a minor role in a film
burden; very worriying problem; mental care; nightmare; male devil; CF. succubus
portray; depict; sketch; describe; N. delineation
study of insects
s waver
move or swing back and forth; be uncertain or unsteady in decision or movement; Ex. wavering between accepting and refusing
s abide
dwell; abide by: comply with; put up with; tolerate; Ex. abide by the rules; Ex. I can't abide rude people.
s imperil
put in danger
n larder
pantry; place where food is kept
n callous
hardened; unfeeling; without sympathy for the sufferings of others; unkind
pardon (allowed by government to political criminals)
n fell
cruel; (of a disease) deadly
n burgeon
grow rapidly; grow forth; send out buds; Ex. burgeoning computer industry; CF. bludgeon
fleeting; vanishing; soon disappearing; V. evanesce
daily; occurring during the daytime
enrage; infuriate(make furious); make extremely angry; outrage; N: aromatic substance burned to produce a pleasant odor
n gloss_over
explain away with the intention of deceiving or hiding faults
deck opening; lid covering a deck opening; V: emerge from an egg; produce (young) from an egg
s tinge
give a slight degree of a color or quality to; N: slight degree of a color or quality; Ex. tinged with grey/jealousy
n anthology
book of literary selections by various authors; CF. omnibus
s indoctrinate
cause to accept a doctrine without questioning it; Ex. indoctrinated with mindless anti-communism
making up for; repaying
width; extent
meat-eating; N. carnivore; CF. herbivore
s dereliction
neglect of duty; abandonment
s shoot
new growth from a plant
n lugubrious
mournful; sorrowful
s prefigure
be a sign of; foreshadow
meaning; distinguishing by name; V. denote: indicate; refer to directly; mean; CF. connotation
s interjection
exclamation; Ex. ``Ouch''
n ethereal
like a spirit or fairy; unearthly light; heavenly; unusually refined; Ex. She has an ethereal beauty; CF. ether: upper air
not planned; impromptu; extempore
sad and lonely; wretched; desolate
n mannered
affected; not natural; Ex. mannered way of speech
mass of material sticking together
s circuit
closed circular line around an area; circumference; regularly repeated journey from place to place
write; compose
thrift; economy; ADJ. frugal: practicing economy; costing little; inexpensive
n fancier
breeder or dealer of animals; one who has a special interest, as for raising specific plant or animal
s bargain
agreement between two groups or people; something for sale at a price advantageous to the buyer; V: negotiate; trade; Ex. bargaining power
defamatory written statement; act of writing something that smears a person's character; V. ADJ. libelous
combine; fuse; N. coalescence
n acidulous
slightly sour (in taste or manner); sharp; caustic
n dubious
questionable; (of something) causing doubt; (of someone) filled with doubt; N. dubiety
s jab
poke abruptly with something sharp; punch with short blows
apparatus used to maintain balance, ascertain direction, etc.
n knotty
intricate; difficult; tangled; CF. knot
n carat(karat)
unit of weight for precious stones; measure of the purity of gold
standstill resulting from the opposition of two unrelenting forces; stalemate
n malfeasance
wrongdoing; misconduct (by a public official)
s effectuate
effect; produce; achieve; Ex. effectuate a reconciliation
n luminous
shining (esp. in the dark); issuing light; Ex. luminous paint/road signs
unclear or doubtful in meaning; having more than one possible interpretation
lose animation or strength
delusion; false idea; false perception of objects with a compelling sense of their reality; objects so perceived; V. hallucinate; ADJ. hallucinatory
n flag
droop; grow feeble; decline in vigor or strength; ADJ. flagging; CF. unflagging
list; mention one by one
n fulminate
thunder; explode; issue a severe denunciation
superintendent; manager (in charge of a museum or a library)
having many forms
lack of proper respect or reverence; ADJ. irreverent
waterspout carved in grotesque figures on a building
s discompose
disturb the composure of; confuse
easily approachable; easy to talk to; warmly friendly
cut away; cut out; N: government tax on good produced and used inside a country; N. excision
n dross
waste matter; worthless impurities
correct a false impression; undeceive; free from a wrong belief
sound on judgment; wise
weaken (esp. through heat, hunger, illness); enfeeble
n harrowing
agonizing; distressing; traumatic; V. harrow: break up and level (soil) with a harrow; inflict great distress on; agonize; N: farming machine to break up the earth
scrupulous; through and careful; Ex. conscientious worker
n gestate
evolve as in prenatal growth; N. gestation: period of development from conception until birth
s luxuriate
take pleasure in great comfort
s merit
deserve; ADJ. meritorious: deserving reward or praise
tending or leaning toward; bent; V. incline: slant; dispose; be disposed; tend
extremely aggressive and militant patriot; warlike chauvinist; N. jingoism: extreme nationalism
explain; make clear; clarify; enlighten; CF. lucid
naive and trusting; young; unsophisticated; candid
n covenant
binding agreement between two groups or people; compact; V: enter into a covenant; promise
s lace
cord used to draw and tie together two opposite edges (as of a shoe); delicate fabric made of fine threads; V: draw together by tying a lace
s embody
give a bodily form to; incorporate; include
speak evil of; bad-mouth(criticize spitefully); defame; ADJ: harmful; Ex. malign influence
n lavish
liberal; wasteful; generous or wasteful in giving or using; abundant; profuse; great; Ex. decorated lavishly; V. give in abundance
untimely; inappropriate or ill-timed; poorly chosen
support; active pleading on behalf of someone or something
quarrelsome; controversial; likely to cause arguments
s carefree
free from worries; having no problems
violation (of a rule or regulation); breach
n brittle
hard but easily broken; difficult; unstable; Ex. brittle situation
s incinerate
burn to ashes
n lineaments
features especially of the face; distinctive shape or contour of the face; CF. line
n anathema
solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse; V. anathematize
s fancy
imagination (of a whimsical or fantastic nature); capricious liking; V: imagine; be fond of; ADJ. decorative; elaborate
s unregenerate
making no attempt to change one's bad practices
s buffoon
stupid person; clown
cancel; put an end to
s fit
sudden outburst of an illness or feeling; convulsion caused by epilepsy
n blanch
bleach; whiten; make white or pale
(of a person or speech) using high sounding or important-sounding language; pompous; bombastic
conflict; lack of harmony; dissonance (when musical notes are played)
steadiness of effort; persistent hard work
n edify
instruct; correct morally
s scrimmage
disorderly fight between two or more people
s paste
smooth viscous mixture as of flour(powder made by crushing grain) and water (used as an adhesive); V: cause to adhere by applying paste
n document
provide written evidence (for a claim); record with documents; N.
partner in crime
n blare
loud or harsh roar or screech; dazzling blaze of light
stop motion; curb or restrain
n maul
handle roughly; batter; injure by beating; Ex. mauled by his overexcited fans; N: heavy long-handled hammer
s effective
effectual; producing a strong response; striking; in operation; in effect; Ex. effective speech/photograph
s draft
first rough form; conscription; draught; V: make a draft of; conscript
n mealymouthed
indirect in speech (when something unpleasant must be said); hypocritical; evasive
n badinage
teasing conversation; banter; joking talk
misleading vision or visual image; false idea or belief; CF. delusion
charming; attractive
n hummock
small hill; hillock
n gibberish
nonsense; nonsensical or unintelligible talk or writing; babbling
n granary
storehouse for grain
aversion; dislike or opposition
n fatalism
belief that events are determined by forces or fates beyond one's control; ADJ. fatalistic; CF. fatal: causing death
the chance occurrence, at the same time, of two or more seemingly connected events; V. coincide: happen at the same time; be in agreement; CF. coincident; CF. coincidental
n mogul
powerful person; Ex. oil moguls; CF. Mogol, Moghul; CF. Mongolian
n mincing
affectedly dainty(delicate); V. mince: cut (esp. meat) into very small pieces; walk with exaggerated primness; walk in an unnatural way, taking little short steps; Ex. The actor minced across the stage; CF. mincemeat; CF. mincer
questioner (especially harsh); investigator; person making an inquisition
n decry
express strong disapproval of; condemn openly (something dangerous to the public); disparage; Ex. decry the violence of modern films
s seduce
lead away from proper conduct; entice; ADJ. seductive
command; order; forbid
n hew
cut to pieces with ax or sword; chop; N.
permanent; impossible to dissolve or disintegrate
n disaffected
disloyal; lacking loyality; V. disaffect: cause to lose affection or loyalty
pouring forth; unrestrained outpouring of feeling; V. effuse: pour out; ADJ. effusive: pouring forth; gushing
s oversee
watch over and direct; supervise; N. oversight: unintentional failure to notice or do something; supervision
n eschew
avoid habitually; Ex. eschew alcoholic drinks
going against; opposing; unfavorable; hostile
opinion contrary to popular belief; opinion contrary to accepted religion; ADJ. heretical; CF. heretic
s growl
low, guttural, menacing sound (as of a dog)
n malleable
(of a metal) capable of being shaped by pounding(beating); pliable; (of someone) impressionable(easily influenced); easily controlled; tractable
acquit; exculpate; free from blame or guilt
s enlist
(cause to) join the armed forces; obtain (help, sympathy, or support)
n exhort
urge (by strong argument or advice); Ex. The general exhorted his men to fight bravely; N. exhortation
union; coalition; V. fuse
s glitter
shine brightly with flashing points of light; Ex. glittering diamond ring; N: sparkling light; attractiveness; glamor; Ex. glitter of the sun on the waves
person entitled to benefits or proceeds of an insurance policy or will
s inquisitive
eager for knowledge; unduly curious
ridicule; ADJ. derisive; CF. derisory
n discombobulated
discomposed; confused
extremely small; CF. minutes: official record of the proceedings at a meeting
n cession
yielding to another; ceding
outwit; defeat by behaving more cleverly; outsmart; baffle; avoid; get around
n inexorable
relentless; unyielding; implacable; not capable of being changed by entreaty or efforts; Ex. inexorable price rises
n diorama
life-size, three-dimensional scene from nature or history; three-dimensional scene with modeled figures against a painted background
n ennui
boredom; listlessness and dissatisfaction resulting from lack of interest; CF. annoy
n idyllic
charmingly carefree; simple and happy; Ex. idyllic scene
n flamboyant
ornate; highly elaborate; richly colored; ostentatious; showy; CF. flame
call forth (memory or feeling); Ex. That old film evoked memories of my childhood; N. evocation
easy to approach; obtainable
n monumental
massive; impressively large; built as a monument
plants of a region or era
humiliation; debasement; degeneration; V. degrade: debase; disgrace; degenerate; reduce (something) in worth; demote (someone); reduce in rank
make coins; invent or fabricate (a word or phrase); N. coinage: word or phrase recently invented
n imbue
saturate(soak thoroughly); fill; Ex. imbue someone with feelings
mental keenness; sharpness of judgment; ability to judge quickly and well; Ex. business acumen
long life; long duration
solemn wonder; feeling of respect mixed with wonder and fear; V: fill with awe; ADJ. awesome
reduce; exhaust
n immure
imprison; shut up in confinement; CF. wall
warlike; of war; Ex. martial art/law
government ruled by old people
a manually skilled worker
s groom
man employed to take care of horses; V: make neat and trim; clean and brush (an animal)
unwilling; reluctant; stingy(giving reluctantly)
n modish
fashionable; conforming to the current fashion
n iridescent
exhibiting rainbowlike colors; Ex. iridescent oil slick; N. iridescence
not easily satisfied; unquenchable; Ex. insatiable appetite
n befuddle
confuse thoroughly
agree; coincide; happen at the same time
expand; dilate on/upon: speak or write at length on (a subject)
n gerrymander
change voting district lines in order to favor a political party; N. CF. Elbridge Gerry + (sala)mander
n fracas
brawl(noisy quarrel or fight) in which a number of people take part; melee
n bifurcated
divided into two branches; forked
not biased; fair; N. impartiality
nonentity; worthless person or thing; zero; secret code; V.
n blithe(blithesome)
gay; joyous
n lap
take in food or drink with one's tongue; splash gently; Ex. waves lapping the shore; N: front area from the waist to the knees of a seated person
s lag
move or develop more slowly; straggle; Ex. lag behind the rest; N.
supplying nourishment
n gloat
express evil satisfaction; look at or think about with evil satisfaction; view malevolently; Ex. The thief gloated over the stolen jewels.
belief on slight evidence; gullibility; naivet\'e; ADJ. credulous
n assay
analyze (to discover what materials are present); evaluate (soil or ore)
cry out suddenly; N. exclamation; ADJ. exclamatory
s cemetery
place for burying the dead
n litany
supplicatory prayer; prayer in which the priest calls out and the people replies in the same words
n lectern
reading desk or stand for a public speaker
n courier
mysterious; hidden; secret
restraint from pleasant things, esp. eating or drinking; CF. abstention: act of abstaining from vote
scatter; drive away; cause to vanish
lower; degrade; humiliate; make humble; make (oneself) lose self-respect
impossible to reconcile; incompatible; not able to be resolved
n dabble
work at in a nonserious fashion; splash around; move noisily in a liquid
silent; muffled; toned down; Ex. muted traffic noise
remedy to counteract a poison or disease; Ex. antidote to the economic troubles
n gambit
opening in chess in which a piece is sacrificed; action made to produce a future advantage
n comatose
in a coma; extremely sleepy
n infernal
pertaining to hell; devilish; N. inferno: place of fiery heat or destruction
n humility
humbleness of spirit
s cremate
incinerate (a corpse); N. crematory, crematorium
n beatific
giving or showing bliss; blissful
s lubricate
apply a lubricant to; N. lubricant: substance that reduces friction
s flashy
showy; gaudy; giving a momentary brilliance
n meretricious
flashy; tawdry; attractive on the surface but of no real value; Ex. metericious argument/jewel; CF. prostitute
n erratic
odd; irregular in movement or behavior; unpredictable
something attached to but holding an inferior position
n brazen
insolent; without shame; bold; Ex. brazen lie; V: face with bold self-assurance or with unshamed confidence
abnormal or deviant
s corpuscle
red or white cell in the blood
n bevy
large group; Ex. a bevy of starlets
grow well; prosper; make sweeping gestures; wave; brandish; Ex. The trees flourished in the sun. N: showy movement or gesture; embellishment or ornamentation (esp. in handwriting)
s hideous
repulsive to the sight; ugly; repugnant; Ex. hideous face/scream
flood; rush; V.
n horticultural
pertaining to cultivation of gardens; N. horticulture: science or art of cultivating fruits, vegetables, or ornamental plants; CF. agriculture: science or art of farming or growing crops
reveal; N. disclosure
s earthly
of this earth; terrestrial; worldly; not divine; possible; Ex. no earthly reason
greatness (in size or extent); extent
storage place for military equipment
violent; rough; noisy
reluctant; disinclined; not liking or opposed; Ex. averse to cats/doing the house work
n doggerel
poor verse
s gnarl
protruding knot on a tree; V.
unconquerable; unyielding
drink in
wasting away; V: weaken and lose flesh and muscle (through lack of blood or lack of use)
n foible
small weakness of character; slight fault; CF. feeble
n mollycoddle
pamper; coddle; baby; indulge excessively
s prank
mischievous trick
s corpus
collection (of writings or information); Ex. the corpus of Shakespear's works; Cf. corpse
n desperado
reckless, desperate outlaw
n cadence
rhythmic rise and fall (of words or sounds); beat; regular beat of sound; rhythm
discordant; inharmonious; N. cacophony: unpleasant mixture of loud sounds
n disburse
pay out (as from a fund); N. disbursement; CF. purse
n cardinal
chief; most important; N: priest; cardinal number: number that shows quantity rather thatn order
n broach
introduce as a subject; moot; open up
n dictum
authoritative and weighty statement (made by a judge in court); saying; maxim; CF. obiter dictum: incidental, nonbinding remark (something said in passing)
loud continous noise; continuous demand or complaint made by a large number of people; V: make a clamor; express (a demand) continually and loudly; ADJ. clamorous
n drab
dull; lacking color; cheerless ; Ex. drab coat/life
s hail
frozen rain drop; V: salute or greet; precipitate hail
pertaining to language
n fetter
shackle; restrict the freedom of; N. chain or shackle for the foot of a prisoner; CF. foot
n minutiae
petty or trivial details; CF. minutia
cheerful promptness without reluctance
n milieu
social environment; means of expression; Ex. feel out of one's milieu; Ex. His proper milieu is watercolor.
s unceremonious
not done politely without due formalities
n cull
pick out from others (to kill the weakest members); reject; select; collect (information); N.
daring; bold; N. audacity
s blemish
mar; spoil the beauty or perfection of; N: flaw or defect (that spoils perfection); Ex. blemishes in the crystal; CF. unblemished
n inarticulate
speechless; producing indistinct speech; not articulate; not expressing oneself clearly
relating to the highest point; N. climax; CF. climatic
n errant
wandering (esp. in search of adventure); straying from proper moral standards; Ex. knight-errant
n foil
defeat; frustrate; prevent from being successful; thwart; CF. fail
lizard that changes color in different situations
n inured
accustomed; hardened; Ex. inured to the Alaskan cold; V. inure: make used to something undesirable; harden; CF. unfeeling
n arrhythmic
lacking rhythm or regularity; N. arrhythmia
n knit
contract into wrinkles; grow together; join together closely; make (a fabric or garment) by interwining yarn or thread; Ex. knit the brow; Ex. The bones should knit together in a few weeks.
n cede
yield (title or territory) to (esp. after losing a war); surrender formally; N. cession
large isolated system of stars, such as the Milky Way; collection of brilliant personalities
s jug
pitcher; container for holding liquids
n forensic
suitable to debate or courts of law; of or used in legal proceedings and the tracking of criminals; Ex. forensic science/medicine
s thresh
beat (cereal plants) with a machine or flail to separate the grains from the straw
s sway
swing from side to side; influence (someone) to change one's opinion; N.
artificial; pretended
n frenetic(phrenetic)
frenzied; frantic
occupy fully; absorb
gift made by a will; something handed down from an ancestor
n devious
roundabout; erratic; deviating from the straight course; not straightforward; not completely honest; Ex. devious route
n fallow
(of land) plowed but not sowed (to improve the quality); uncultivated
s conglomerate
corporation made up of several different companies in diversified fields; mass of various material gathered together; rock consisting of small stones held together by clay; V.
notch; deep recess; V. indent; CF. tooth
s squeamish
easily shocked or sickened by unpleasant things; fastidious; Ex. A nurse should not be squeamish.
n lustrous
shining; brilliant; Ex. lustrous hair
ill will; hatred; hostility
morally pure; virginal; abstaining from illicit sexual acts; modest; simple (of a style of writing); not highly decorated; austere
s clipper
sailing vessel built for great speed
n caste
one of the hereditary classes in Hindu society; social stratification; prestige
make or become suitable for a specific use; alter; modify; adjust; N. adaptation: act of adapting; composition recast into a new form; Ex. The play is an adaption of a short novel.
s contrive
invent or fabricate in a clever way (by improvisation); manage; Ex. contrive to attract his attention
s recite
repeat aloud (something learned); describe; Ex. recite his complaints; N. recitation
n meek
submissive; patient and long-suffering
n lackluster
lacking luster(shine; gloss); dull
n contravene
contradict; oppose; violate (a rule, law, or custom); N. contravention
n awl
pointed tool used for piercing
squander; waste foolishly; scatter
blame; criticize; express strong disapproval; N: severe criticism; strong disapproval
n flaccid
flabby; lacking firmness; weak; Ex. flaccid muscles
s screech
unpleasant high sharp sound; shriek; V.
urgent situation; ADJ. exigent
n ineluctable
irresistible; not to be escaped; unavoidable
warn or speak to with gentle disapproval; reprove
s rag
scrap of cloth; ADJ. ragged: old and torn; seeming unfinished and imperfect; Ex. ragged debut/performance
enclose; surround; N. environs: surrounding area (as of a city)
false; based on a fallacy; misleading; N. fallacy: false idea or notion; false reasoning; Ex. popular fallacy; Ex. fallacy of the argument
boastful; pompous
s oatmeal
crushed oats used for making porridge
infection (by contact); ADJ. contagious; CF. infectious: that can be passed by infection in the air
n die
metal block used for shaping metal or plastic; device for stamping or impressing; mold; CF. dice
s gracious
kind in a generous way (to someone less important)
lure; persuade to do (something wrong); attract; tempt
the smallest particle (one or more atoms) of a substance that has all the properties of that substance
s dyslexia
word blindness; learning disorder marked by impairment of the ability to read
n apocryphal
(of a story) widely believed but untrue
s palm
conceal in the palm of the hand; palm off: pass off; Ex. palm off some bad oranges onto the lady/the painting as a real Renoir
that which accompanies; Ex. Deafnes is a frequent concommitant of old age; ADJ: existing or happening together with something else
not literal but metaphorical; using a figure(impression) of speech
s suckle
give or take milk at the breast or udder
n crestfallen
dejected; dispirited
n febrile
force into less space; squeeze; contract; put into fewer words; N: thick mass of cloth pressed to part of the body to stop bleeding or swelling, reduce fever, etc.
lure or bait; V.
shorten; reduce
s finish
surface texture; completeness of execution
s slink
move furtively; ADJ. slinky: stealthy; furtive; sneaky (as in ambush)
coiled around; twisted; involved; complicated; intricate; complex; N. convolution: twist; one of the convex folds of the surface of the brain
agree; accept; N. assessment
weird; causing fear because strange
totally clear; definite; outspoken
n buccaneer
s wrinkle
small ridge on a smooth surface (face or cloth); V.
s indecisive
marked by indecision; inconclusive; Ex. indecisive battle
s sleek
smooth and shining (as from good health); V.
s compulsion
compelling; strong desire that is difficult to control; irresistible impulse
n confound
confuse; puzzle
violate (a law); encroach (the right of another person)
s coma
deep prolonged unconsciousness caused by disease, poison, or a severe blow
lack of caring; indifference; lack of concern or interest in important matters; Ex. He was sunk in apathy after his failure; ADJ. apathetic
s intoxicate
make drunk; stimulate or excite; Ex. intoxicated by all the money he might win
s dignitary
person of high rank or position
n ghastly
horrible; terrifying; resembling ghosts; CF. aghast
n crux
essential or main point; Ex. the crux of the problem; ADJ. crucial: of deciding importance
n inviolable
secure from corruption, attack, or violation(or profanation); unassailable; Ex. inviolable oath/rights; N. inviolability
motivated solely by money or gain; N.
n chaffing
bantering; joking
gloomy; morose; blue; N. ADJ. melancholic; CF. melancholia
n fresco
painting on wet plaster (usually fresh)
student of the history and science of humankind
n carousal
drunken revel; V. carouse
quote; commend; Ex. cited for bravery in an official record
n diatribe
bitter scolding or denunciation; invective; abuse
s compassion
sympathy for the suffering of others; ADJ. compassionate
n clientele
body of customers
turn away from (a principle, norm); move away from an accepted standard; swerve; depart; diverge; N. deviation; Ex. deviation of the path of light by a prism
n demographic
related to population balance; N. demography: statistical study of human population
n grimace
facial distortion to show feeling such as pain, disgust, etc; V.
n mendicant
beggar; ADJ: living as a beggar
s swell
long wave of water that moves continuously without breaking; V.
mild expression in place of an unpleasant one; ADJ. euphemistic
n filigree
delicate ornamental lacelike metalwork
lack of physical or mental energy; lassitude; depression
n incorporeal
without a material body; insubstantial
n blurt
utter impulsively from nervousness or excitement
n epistemologist
philosopher who studies the nature of knowledge; N. epistemology
n jaundiced
yellowed; prejudiced (envious, hostile, or resentful) from long and disappointing experience of human affairs; Ex. with a jaundiced eye
n inclement
stormy; unkind; unmerciful; CF. clement
s nurse
suckle; take care of (as a nurse); bear in mind; Ex. nursing mother; Ex. nurse a hope/grudge against someone
s abode
dwelling place; home
s blush
become red in the face (from embarrassment or shame); become red or rosy; N.
report; record (in chronological order)
n mayhem
injury to body; crime of willfully maiming or crippling a person; violent disorder; Ex. mayhem in the zoo; CF. maim
n juggernaut
irresistible crushing force; overwhelming advancing force that crushes everything in its path
s clasp
hold firmly within arms
n catcall
shout of disapproval or displeasure (made at the theater or a sports match); boo; V.
fitness; talent
pithy maxim or saying; ADJ. aphoristic
n malapropism
comic misuse of a word; CF. Mrs. Malaprop
n crevice
crack; fissure
twistings; distortions; V. contort: twist violently out of shape; CF. contortionist
s notch
V-shaped cut in a surface; V.
predicament(dangerous condition) from which there is no escape; situation allowing for no further progress
s compartment
one of the parts into which an enclosed space is divided
counselor-at-law or lawyer in the higher court of law; CF. bar
n glaring
(of something bad) highly conspicuous; harshly bright; shining intensely and blindingly
disaster; misery
very small
charge in court; indict
s pang
sudden sharp feeling of pain
one who voluntarily suffers death for his or her religion or cause; great sufferer; Ex. martyr to his rheumatism
n beleaguer
besiege or attack (with an army); harass; beset
s soar
rise or fly high in the air; Ex. The rocket soared into the sky.
comprehend; investigate; determine the depth of; N. unit of measurement for the depth of water
s legislature
legislating branch of government; CF. legislate: make laws
matchless; not able to be imitated
s grim
causing great fear; unrelenting; determined in spite of fear; Ex. grim smile
n cavil
quibble; make frivolous objections; find fault unnecessarily
incurable; uncorrectable; impossible to remedy
n macerate
soften by soaking in liquid; waste away; Ex. macerate powdered wood to make paper
pour off gently (wine or liquid)
sameness leading to boredom; monotonousness; ADJ. monotonous; CF. monotone
n crass
very unrefined; grossly insensible; crude and undiscriminating; Ex. crass behavior
fleshly; sensual; concerning the desires of the body
n berate
scold strongly
without exceptions; made without any doubt in mind; unqualified; absolute
rubbing away; tending to grind down
walking at an easy unhurried pace; V: walk slowly and aimlessly
s fuddle
make stupid or confused as with alcholic drink; N. in a fuddle: confused
wakefulness; inability to sleep
n ambrosia
food of the gods
s coax
persuade by flattery
respect; value; judge; N.
s lance
pierce with a lance; cut into; N: spearlike weapon
n gape
open widely; open the mouth wide; stare wonderingly with the mouth open; CF. agape
great mass of falling snow and ice
s blue
gloomy; depressed
make necessary; require; necessitate; involve; limit the inheritance of (property) to a specified succession of heirs; Ex. entail A on/upon B
having womanly traits
draw out fact or information (by discussion or from someone)
n expansive
(of a person) outgoing and sociable; broad and extensive; able to increase in size
growth or increase in size by gradual addition; growth; increase; increase by natural growth; Ex. towers and other accretions of the castle; V. accrete
lessen in value; belittle; represent as of little value
impudent disrespect; haughtiness; ADJ. insolent; CF. haughty + rude
increase; add to
s shudder
shake uncontrollably; tremble; V.
condition in which blood lacks red corpuscles; ADJ. anemic
n copious
n jovial
good-natured; merry; cheerful
system of ideas characteristic of a group or culture
n jaded
tired or uninterested by surfeit; fatigued; surfeited; worn out; wearied; Ex. jaded appetite
s choice
delicate; of very fine quality
n flaunt
display ostentatiously; Ex. ``Honey, if you've got it, flaunt it !''
n eddy
swirling current of water, air, etc.; V.
calmness of temperament; composure
s historic
important in history; Ex. historic battle
n cherubic
angelic; innocent-looking; N. cherub; CF. seraph: winged angel of the highest order
beyond reproach; blameless; impeccable; Ex. irreproachable conduct
producing motion; of motion
n bedizen
dress with vulgar finery
n mentor
counselor; teacher
wandering away from the subject; V. digress
s graphite
black form of carbon used in lead pencils
n ferment
agitation; commotion(noisy and excited activity); unrest (of a political kind); V. produce by fermentation; undergo fermentation; cause (a state of trouble)
s solicitor
lawyer in the lower court of law
s overthrow
topple; N.
falling to pieces; in a bad condition; ruined because of neglect; Ex. dilapidated old car/castle; N. dilapidation
n conundrum
riddle; difficult problem
s pastry
paste of flour and water (eaten when baked)
n dint
means; effort; Ex. by dint of hard work
appease; moderate; make or become less in force or intensity
contrast; direct opposite of or to; ADJ. antithetic or antithetical
n hap
chance; luck
n cornice
projecting molding on building (usually above columns or pillars); ó¸¶ Àå½Ä
equal in extent; of the same size
assent; agree passively; comply without protest
courteous; faithful; brave; N. chivalry
reduce brittleness and improve toughness by heating and cooling (metal or glass)
deliberately planned; likely
n germinal
pertaining to a germ; creative; Ex. germinal idea
n inerrancy
n forswear
renounce under oath; abandon; make a solemn promise to give up; CF. abjure
n carcinogenic
causing cancer; N. carcinogen
n finicky
too particular; fussy; difficult to please; too concerned with unimportant details or quality; Ex. finicky about her food
having to do with citizens; not military or religious; courteous and polite; Ex. married in a civil ceremony; Ex. civil strife/disorder/law; N. civility; CF. civic
s chaperon
older person who accompanies and supervises a young unmarried woman
n gentry
people of standing(rank or position); people of good family or high social position; class of people just below nobility
existing at birth
n mutinous
unruly; rebellious; Ex. mutinous teenagers; N. mutiny: open rebellion; CF. mutineer
n invoke
call and bring into use (a right or law); call on/upon (a higher power or god) for help; ask for; beg for; conjure (a spirit); Ex. invoke the veto power; Ex. invoke one's advisor/God
s gloss
brief explanation note or translation of a difficult expression; V.
award of merit; strong praise and approval
n latitude
freedom from narrow limitations
disapproval; condemnation
s blotch
spot; blot; CF. blot+botch
s bombast
grandiloquent, pompous speech
state of being numerous or multiple; large number; Ex. multiplicity of details; ADJ. multiple: of more than one element
s siren
apparatus for making sounds; womanlike creature
n grate
make a harsh noise; have an unpleasant effect; shred by rubbing against a rough surface; Ex. grated cheese N: framework of metal bars to hold fuel in a fireplace
n hover
hang about; (of birds or aircraft) stay in the air in one place; (of people) wait nearby; stay around one place; waver; be in an uncertain state
n belie
contradict; give a false impression; disguise; Ex. The poor sales belied our high hopes; Ex. Her smile belies her true feeling of displeasure.
n cubicle
small chamber used for sleeping or work
weightless; that cannot undergo precise evaluation; CF. pound
person concerned with the interrelationship between living organisms and their environment; person concerned with the detrimental effects of human civilization on the environment; CF. ecology
relieve (pain)
divine gift; great popular charm or appeal; magnetism
ungrateful person (not expressing thanks)
n gorge
stuff oneself (with food); glut; CF. gorgeous: dazzlingly beautiful
s idyll(idyl)
short poem idealizing rural life; simple happy period of life (in the country); scene from such a time; Ex. idyll of two young lovers
mental or bodily powers; teaching staff
n gall
bitterness of feeling; nerve; effrontery; ´ãÁó(bile); CF. gall bladder
casual; hastily done with little attention to detail
s induct
place formally in office; install; admit as a member; initiate; N. induction: inducting; process of deriving general principles from particular facts
n dislodge
remove (forcibly); force out of a position; Ex. dislodge the food caught in his throat; CF. lodge
s clap
strike the palms of the hands together with a sudden explosive sound; come together suddenly with a sharp sound; put or send promptly; Ex. clap the thief in jail; N: clapping; loud or explosive sound; CF. applause
act of turning aside; pastime; V. divert: turn aside from a course; distract; amuse
s swear-word
word considered offensive; Ex. ``bloody''
n garish
overbright in color; unpleasantly bright; gaudy
s commune
small (often rural) community whose members share work and income; V: exchange thoughts or feelings; Ex. commune with nature
n guy
cable or chain attached to something that needs to be braced or steadied; CF. guide
school of the fine arts (especially music or drama); glass-enclosed area; CF. conservancy
arsonist; ADJ: causing fire; of arson; Ex. incendiary bomb
n d\'enouement
final outcome; final development of the plot of a play or other literary work; the end of a story when everything is explained
n luster
shine; gloss (of a polished surface)
object to be thrown or projected
nearing; approaching; about to happen
express disapproval of; deplore; protest against; belittle; ADJ. deprecatory
n analgesic
causing insensitivity to pain; N.
n clique
small exclusive group of people
n clemency
disposition to be lenient in deciding punishments; mildness as of the weather; ADJ. clement
in agreement; harmonious; corresponding; coinciding exactly; CF. congruous
s gush
(of liquid) pour out in large quantities from a hole; make an excessive display of feeling (without true feeling); Ex. Blood gushed from the wound.
s expeditious
done with speed; quick; N. expedition
harmonious; in harmony with; able to exist together
appropriate; fitting
n limn
draw; outline; describe; CF. line ?
s distract
take (one's attention) off something; upset emotionally; make anxious; ADJ. distracted
cause of complaint; complaint
departure (of a large number of people)
n defrock
strip a priest or minister of church authority; unfrock
short speech at conclusion of dramatic work
dry up
n defoliate
destroy leaves; deprive of leaves (by the use of chemicals); N. defoliant
s sprout
begin to grow; give off shoots or buds; N: new growth on a plant; shoot
n acrid
bitter (to the taste or smell); sharp; bitterly pungent
calm; impartial; not influenced by personal feelings
imagined; unreal
unalterable; irreversible; impossible to revoke
n gesticulation
motion; gesture; V. gesticulate: make gestures (while speaking)
excessively careful (with great attention to detail); painstaking; scrupulous
pertaining to the moon
female warrior
n dotage
senility; feeblemindedness of old age; Ex. In one's dotage
consider; ponder; ADJ: done on purpose; slow
n chalice
goblet; consecrated cup
n chide
scold; rebuke (someone who has done wrong)
n fortuitous
accidental; by chance; N. fortuity
effort; expenditure of much physical work; V. exert oneself: make a great effort
use of force to get someone to object; compelling; V. coerce
express condolences; N. condolence: sympathy for someone who has experienced great sorrow
approve; support; write one's signature on the back of; N. endorsement; CF. dorsal
n leery
(of someone) suspicious; wary; cautious
absolutely necessary; that must be done; critically important; expressing command; Ex. It is imperative that; N: something that must be done
an error involving time in a story; something or someone misplaced in time; ADJ. anachronistic
n lank
long and thin; Ex. Lank, gaunt, Abraham Lincoln
sharp-cornered; having an angle; not rounded (body); bony; lean; gaunt; stiff in manner
n bucolic
rustic; pastoral
s forerunner
predecessor; one that comes before and indicates the approach of another
n flippant
lacking proper seriousness; Ex. flippant remarks about death; N. flippancy
n hone
sharpen (a tool); N: whetstone for sharpening a tool
unerring; never making mistakes
secondary or minor occupation
n existential
pertaining to existence; pertaining to the philosophy of existentialism
n atypical
not normal; not typical
detest; hate
spotless; flawless; absolutely clean
n hoard
stockpile; accumulate for future use; N: supply stored for future use
n jostle
shove; bump; push against (someone) rather roughly; Ex. jostled by the crowds
n didactic
(of speech or writing) intended to teach a moral lesson; teaching; instructional; N. didacticism
period of equal days and nights; the beginning of spring and autumn; Ex. vernal/autumnal equinox; ADJ. equinoctial
pride; arrogance; ADJ. haughty
n capacity
mental or physical ability; role; position or duty; ability to accommodate; Ex. in my capacity as president
n acrimonious
stinging; caustic; bitter in words or manner; N. acrimony: bitter ill-natured animosity in speech or behavior
n argot
slang; speech spoken by only a small group of people
s gild
cover with a thin layer of gold
n entrance
put under a spell(condition caused by magical power); carry away(fill with strong feeling) with emotion; put into a trance; fill with delight
ill-humored; irritable
s lust
intense sexual desire; intense eagerness; V.
n myriad
very large number; ADJ. CF. ten thousand
n imprecation
curse; swearword
s vertebrate
having a backbone or spinal column; N: group of animals having a segmented spinal column
n execrable
very bad; detestable
n filibuster
block legislation or prevent action in a lawmaking body by making very slow long speeches; N; freebooter
s forum
public square of an ancient Roman city; public place for open discussion; court of law
mixture as of metals; something added that lowers in value or purity; V: mix; make less pure; lower in value or quality; spoil; CF. unalloyed: not in mixture with other maetals; pure; complete; unqualified; Ex. unalloyed happiness
n jibe
agree; be in harmony with; gibe
encode; convert a message into code; put into cipher
s margin
border; room; allowance beyond what is needed; Ex. margin of safety
n duplicity
double-dealing; hypocrisy; being dishonest and deceitful; ADJ. duplicitous
gigantic; enormous
n brawn
human muscle; muscular strength; sturdiness
n horde
crowd; swarm
n minatory
menacing; threatening
n distinction
honor; excellence; difference; contrast; discrimination; Ex. graduated with distinction; Ex. a writer of real distinction
s egotism
tendency to speak or write of oneself excessively; conceit; self-importance
n babble
chatter idly or foolishly; make continuous sounds like water running gently over rounded stone; N.
n mercantile
concerning trade or merchants
s debut
d\'ebut; first public appearance; formal presentation of a young woman to society
n expletive
meaningless word; interjection; profane oath; swear-word
n harangue
long, passionate, and vehement speech; V.
lasting; surviving; V. endure: bear (pain or suffering) for a long time; remain alive (in spite of difficulties); last; survive
s maroon
leave helpless on a deserted island or coast; ADJ. red brown
s fermentation
chemical reaction that splits complex organic compounds; unrest; agitation
n abeyance
suspended action
honor; tribute; great respect; Ex. pay/do homage to
n marshal
put in order; guide ceremoniously to the correct place; Ex. marshal the children into the museum; N: military officer; official
n chassis
framework and working parts of an automobile; framework to which components are attached
n disband
dissolve; disperse; (of a group) break up and separate; Ex. The club has disbanded.
n foment
stir up; incite; instigate; promote the growth of (something evil or unpleasant)
n doff
take off; OP. don
n foray
raid; sudden raid or military advance; V.
n dank
damp; unpleasantly wet
n fatuous
smugly and unconsciously foolish; inane; silly; N. fatuity, fatuousness
put into effect; carry out; kill as a lawful punishment; N. execution
n compromise
adjust or settle by making mutual concessions; endanger the interests or reputation of; put into danger, disrepute, or a dishonorable position; Ex. compromise one's principle; N.
being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native; indigenous; N. aborigine
n contraband
illegal trade; smuggling; smuggled goods; ADJ.
n fledgling(fledgeling)
inexperienced; N: young bird that has acquired wing feathers and is learning to fly; inexperienced person
slope; slant; Ex. steep incline
s callus
area of thick hard skin
standards used in judging; CF. criterion
n apostate
one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs; N. apostasy
s trickster
person who cheats people
darken; extinguish; outshine; surpass; cause an eclipse
impertinence; insolence
s defect
shortcoming; V: desert (in order to join the opposite one)
n florid
ruddy; (of a complexion) reddish; flowery; very ornate; CF. rose
n dehydrate
remove water from; dry out
s endear
make beloved; Ex. endear her to everyone; ADJ. dear: loved; cherished; high-priced
n gouge
tear out; cut out (as if with a gouge); Ex. gouge his eyes out; N: chisel for cutting out hollow areas in wood
thousand-year period (as in the New Testament); hoped-for period of happiness and prosperity
n lode
metal-bearing vein(long deposit of an ore)
n ford
place where a river can be crossed on foot; V.
ordinary; commonplace; neither good nor bad
n infidel
unbeliever (with respect to a particular religion)
n devolve
deputize; pass or be passed to others (power, work, or property); Ex. devolve on/upon/to
quantity of motion of a moving body; impetus; moving force
father; become the father of; produce; give rise to
penitent; repentant; N. contrition
n fleck
spot; mark with flecks; N: small mark or spot
absence of contradictions; uniformity; degree of thickness or firmness; Ex. consistency of thick cream; CF. viscous
n mete
measure; distribute; administer; Ex. mete out justice/punishment
s detain
keep waiting; prevent from leaving or going; N. detention
mar; disfigure
lively; spirited
pretending to be virtuous; deceiving; N. hypocrisy: profession of beliefs one does not possess; CF. hypocrite
secure or fasten firmly; be fixed in place; N. anchorage
surround; include; Ex. His activities encompass publishing and computers.
s drudge
do drudgery; N: person who drudges
n archipelago
group of closely located islands
having foresight; fortuneteller; N. clairvoyance
n ejaculation
exclamation; abrupt ejection (to discharge sperm); V. ejaculate
n debutante
young woman making formal entrance into society
n misnomer
wrong or improper name; incorrect designation
please; satisfy; Ex. gratify a desire
n dregs
sediment in a liquid; lees; worthless residue
fair; impartial; OP. inequitable
heat; passion; zeal; ADJ. ardent
make amends for; pay for; Ex. atone for
n frolicsome
prankish; gay; playful; merry; frisky
elliptic; oval; of an ellipse; containing an ellipsis; ambiguous either purposely or because key words have been left out
n demur
object (because of doubts, scruples); raise an objection (showing qualms); hesitate; Ex. demur at the idea of working on Sunday
s brawny
muscular; having well-developed muscles
n canny
shrewd in money matters; thrifty
ability to change in form; fickleness; ADJ. mutable: able to change; fickle; CF. mutate; CF. mutant
n foppish
vain about dress and appearance; N. fop: man who takes too much interest in his clothes and appearance
ghost; phantom
ordinary; typical; not nuclear; Ex. conventional weapons
s artery
blood-vessel; CF. vein
n droll
queer and amusing
follow (as a result)
s mangle
tear or cut to pieces; mutilate or disfigure; Ex. badly mangled bodies
judgment that someone is guilty of a crime; strongly held belief
tending to call up (emotions, memories)
n innuendo
indirect or subtle (derogatory) hint; insinuation; Ex. sexual innuendo
mistaken; wrong; incorrect
s crest
top (as of a hill or wave); showy feathers on the head of a bird
n irate
angry; CF. ire: anger; wrath
rapture; very strong feeling of joy and happiness; any overpowering emotion; ADJ. ecstatic: causing or experiencing ecstasy
uninterrupted; unceasing
s significant
expressing a meaning; important; Ex. significant smile; N. significance: importance; meaning; V. signify: denote; mean; signal; make known; matter; be significant
n fastidious
difficult to please; squeamish; fussy; finicky
aimless; haphazard; digressing at random
n catechism
book for religious instruction in question-and-answer form; religious instruction by question and answer; V. catechize
s ecosystem
ecological community together with its environment
rejoicing; great joy
s standstill
condition of no movement or activity; stop
teach (ideas or principles); instill
s indulge
yield to; gratify; allow oneself a special pleasure; Ex. indulge one's every whim/a child/in a big cigarette; N. indulgence
s tenancy
possession of land or building by rent; period of a tenant's occupancy
businessperson (who assumes the risk of a business venture); contractor; ADJ. entrepreneurial
s monogram
design composed of one or more initials of a name; V.
n knell
tolling of a bell especially to indicate a funeral, disaster, etc.; sound of the funeral bell; V.
n forbearance
patience; forgiveness; V. forbear: refrain from (in a generous and forgiving way); be patient; Ex. forbear to send him to prison
n maculated
spotted; stained; CF. immaculate
n disconcert
confuse; upset; embarrass; perturb
n determination
resolve; firmness of purpose; measurement or calculation; decision
self-governing; N. autonomy
s hothead
person who does things too quickly without thinking; ADJ. hotheaded
n burnish
make shiny by rubbing; polish
n grapple
wrestle; come to grips with; take hold of and struggle with; Ex. grapple with the burglar
s breed
produce young; rear; bring up; produce (an undesirable condition); N: kind or sort of animal or plant
meantime; Ex. in the interim; ADJ. taking place during an interim; Ex. interim paper
s homely
not good-looking; unattractive
attractive; agreeable; having a pleasing appearance
additional object; useful but not essential thing
n beeline
direct quick route
s jetsam
things thrown from a ship (to lighten the ship)
n minuscule(miniscule)
extremely small
bearing of fruit; fulfillment; realization; Ex. come to/be brought to fruition
n heinous
atrocious; wicked; hatefully bad; Ex. heinous crime
n insinuate
hint; imply; suggest indirectly; creep in; introduce or insert (oneself) by artful means; Ex. insinuate himself into the boss's favor; CF. ingratiate
s executive
person having administrative authority; one branch of government executing laws; ADJ: relating to executing
s gallows
framework from which a noose is suspended (used for execution by hanging)
s draught
current of air (through a room or to a fire); act of pulling roads; act of swallowing liquid or amount of liquid swallowed at a time
letdown in thought or emotion; something unexciting, ordinary, or disappointing coming after something important or exciting
condemn; criticize; N. denunciation
n martinet
strict disciplinarian; person who demands total obedience to rules and orders; CF. Jean Martinet
n cordon
extended line of men or fortifications to prevent access or egress; (¾î±ú¿¡¼ °Üµå¶û ¹ØÀ¸·Î °ÉÄ¡´Â) Àå½Ä ¸®º»; V.
declare openly; N. avowal
n idiom
expression whose meaning as a whole differs from the meanings of its individual words; distinctive style (of expression); Ex. idiom of the modern popular music; ADJ. idiomatic
n exceptionable
objectionable; likely to cause dislike; offensive; CF. unexceptionable: entirely acceptable
n incantation
singing or chanting of magic spells; magical formula; (the saying of) words used in magic; CF. enchant
salary; payment for an office; compensation
n floe
flat mass of floating ice
n laity
laypersons; laymen; persons not connected with the clergy
s mannerism
distinctive behavioral trait; affected style in art (according to a set of styles)
s tint
slight degree of color; V: give a tint to
n hoax
trick which makes someone take action; practical joke; Ex. hoax mail; V.
s hazard
venture; put in danger; risk; Ex. hazard a guess; N: possible source of danger
n mountebank
charlatan; boastful pretender
n molt(moult)
periodically shed or cast off hairs or feathers (for replacement by a new growth)
easily deceived
capable of using either hand with equal ease
confirm; support; strengthen
n canvass
determine or seek opinions, votes, etc.; go through (a region) to solicit votes or orders; conduct a survey; N.
n chagrin
annoyance and disappointment; vexation (caused by humiliation or injured pride)
n blowhard
talkative boaster; braggart
n earthy
unrefined; coarse; of earth; Ex. earthy remarks; OP. ethereal
n ineffable
unutterable; not to be uttered; taboo; that cannot be expressed in speech; indescribable; unspeakable; inexpressible; Ex. ineffable name/joy
expressing a low opinion; disparaging; V. derogate: detract; disparage
s battalion
army unit made up of four or more companies
hatred of marriage
n herpetologist
one who studies reptiles; CF. herpetology: branch of zoology that deals with reptiles and amphibians
n insensible
unconscious; unresponsive; insensitive; unaware; imperceptible; Ex. insensible of his danger/to pain; Ex. insensible change; CF. not the opposite of sensible
deviation from the normal; mental disorder
s boost
lift by pushing up from below; increase; raise; N: push upward; increase
s murmur
low, indistinct, continuous sound; V. CF. mumble
annoying; tedious; V. irk: annoy
n coterie
group that meets socially; select circle; close group of people with shared interests
clumsy (in social behavior); coarse and uncouth
connoisseur of food and drink; gourmet; ADJ. epicurean; CF. Epicurus
n knead
mix; work dough; mix and work into a uniform mass (with the hands); Ex. knead dough
n cohorts
group of people who share some common quality; armed band; a group of between 300 and 600 soldiers under one commander (in the ancient Rome)
s rabies
disease passed on by the bite of an infected animal (causing madness and death)
s forthcoming
happening in the near future; ready; willing to help; Ex. No answer was forthcoming.
incapable of injury; impossible to damage or injure
n coda
concluding section of a musical or literary composition
curving outward
n fictitious
imaginary; non-existent; purposely invented to deceive; untrue; Ex. fictitious name/boyfriend; CF. fictional
attach; add to a large thing; take possession of; incorporate (territory) into a larger existing political unit (by force); N: building added to a large one
n coddle
treat gently; indulge excessively; pamper; mollycoddle; baby; cook in water just below boiling point; Ex. coddled eggs
n inordinate
beyond reasonable limits; unrestrained; excessive; Ex. inordinate demands
s regent
a person who governs in place of a ruler who is ill, absent, or still a child; ADJ. Ex. the Prince regent
n canto
division of a long poem
s upright
(sitting or standing) straight up; honest; moral
n dowdy
untidy (of a woman or clothes); slovenly; dressed in an unattractive way; shabby; CF. unattractive woman
courteous regard for another's wish; courteous yielding to another's wish or opinion (showing respect); ADJ. deferential; OP. effrontery
unshakably calm; placid
formal essay; treatise
s bewitch
cast a spell over; captivate completely
resistant to; free or exempt from; N. immunity
payment or expense; expending; something expended; output; Ex. receipt for the expenditure; Ex. expenditure of all the energy
s persevere
continue steadily in spite of difficulties
n hilarity
boisterous mirth(merriment; laughter); ADJ. hilarious: full of laughter
n bereavement
state of being deprived of something valuable or beloved; state of being bereaved or bereft
n excoriate
scold with biting harshness; censure strongly; strip the skin off
changeable (in affections or friendship); faithless
false belief; hallucination; deluding; Ex. delusions of grandeur; Ex. under the delusion that
n manipulate
operate with one's hands; control or play upon (people, forces, etc.) artfully; maneuver; Ex. how to manipulate publicity and men; ADJ. manipulative
omission of words from a text; mark used to indicate an omission (when the meaning can be understood without them); PL. ellipses
bury; N. interment
n disarray
state of disorder; a disorderly or untidy state; Ex. with her clothes in disarray
adjacent to; touching upon
n matriculate
enroll (in college or graduate school); CF. matrix
n merger
combination (of two business corporations); act of merging
s dynamo
generator for producing electricity; energetic person
disparage; depreciate
of or coming from the side
a set of bells (often in a tower) capable of being played
s bigot
one who is intolerant (in matters of religion or politics)
treacherous plot; secret plan against the law (by two or more people)
n domineer
rule over tyrannically
s bump
hit or knock against with force; N.
s bout
match; short period of great activity; Ex. wrestling bout; bout of drinking/flu
n abscission
cutting off; separation
n forthright
straightforward; direct; frank
pertaining to the universe; vast
n chary
cautious; unwilling to take risks; sparing or restrained about giving; OP. bold
great fire
n fulcrum
support on which a lever rests or pivots
n facade(fa\c{c}ade)
front or face (of building); superficial or false appearance
s grouch
bad-tempered complaint; person who keeps complaining; V: complain; grumble
pertaining to speculative philosophy; of metaphysics; N. metaphysics: branch of philosophy that examines the nature of reality
s uninhibited
having no inhibitions; free in behavior and feelings
nonmoral; having no understanding of right and wrong
expert at; very skilled
n insidious
treacherous; stealthy; sly; working or spreading harmfully in a stealthy manner; Ex. insidious spreading of dry rot
s mingle
mix together in close association
refer indirectly; N. allusion: indirect reference
n imbroglio
complicated situation (as in a play); painful or complex misunderstanding (as in a play); entanglement; confused mass (as of papers); V. embroil
n epigram
witty thought or saying, usually short
n coagulate
congeal; thicken; clot; N. coagulant
n holocaust
destruction by fire; CF. burnt whole; CF. Holocaust
s inasmuch_as
since; owing to the fact that
s deport
send out of the country; behave; N. deportation, deportment
n fell
cut or knock down (a tree or a person); bring down (with a missile)
n knoll
little round hill; hillock
s bacchanal
noisy party with a lot of drinking
one who has adopted a different religion or opinion; V: change into another form; (persuade to) adopt a particular religion or belief
s retard
delay (in development); ADJ. retarded: (as of a child) slower in development
lacking in spirit or energy; languid
complete; consummate; make perfect; N.
n incandescent
strikingly bright; shining with intense heat; emitting visible light when heated; Ex. incandescent light bulb; CF. candle
loathe; hate
n baroque
highly ornate
s cunning
clever in deceiving; sly; N: cleverness in deceiving; deceit
dwarf; underground spirit who guards treasure hoards
s underhand(underhanded)
done slyly and secretly (being dishonest)
s bid
command; utter (a greeting); offer as a price; N: offer of a price; amount offered; earnest effort to gain something; Ex. bid for freedom
change; something newly introduced; introduction of something new; V. innovate: begin or introduce (something new); be creative; ADJ. innovative
hater of woman; CF. misogyny
an assumed name esp. by a criminal (usually to mislead people); ADV. alias
mildness; permissiveness; ADJ. lenient: not severe in judgment or punishment
n lien
legal claim or right on a property
grain-eating; CF. herbivore
fleet of warships
make use of, sometimes unjustly; N. exploitation
s grumble
complain; mutter discontentedly; grouch; N.
n fray
brawl; fight; V: wear away or unravel by rubbing; have loose threads developing; cause to become worn out (a person's temper or nerves); CF. rub
start; beginning
explanatory list of symbols on a map
pertaining to marriage
s chant
tune(melody) in which a number of words are sung on the same note; V: sing (a chant); utter (a slogan) in the manner of a chant
n fanfare
call by bugles or trumpets; showy display; spectacular public display
vehicle; transfer; act of conveying; Ex. public conveyance
speediness; prompt execution; message sent with all due speed; V: send to a specified destination; finish promptly; kill
n apothegm(apophthegm)
pithy, compact saying
make void
s tenant
one that pays rent to use property owned by another
s filth
dirty matter; ADJ. filthy
n felicitous
(of a word or remark) apt; suitably expressed; well chosen
family descent; ADJ. ancestral
s except
exclude; N. exception: objection; exclusion; ADJ. exceptional: unusual; of unusually high quality
short story of an amusing or interesting event
n impinge
infringe; encroach; influence; touch; collide with; Ex. The effects are impinging on every aspect of our lives.
regret; express sorrow and severe disapproval for something bad; Ex. deplore their violent behavior; ADJ. deplorable: very bad; deserving severe disapproval; Ex. deplorable living condition
lacking substance; insignificant; frail; immaterial
s rightful
legally correct; Ex. rightful owner
mechanism that imitates actions of humans; machine that works by itself
s patrimony
property inherited from a father
understood but not stated; implied; unquestioning and complete; Ex. implicit trust
n gustatory
affecting or relating to the sense of taste
s shear
remove (fleece or hair) by cutting; remove the hair or fleece from; cut with or as if with shears; N: shears; pair of scissors
n hypochondriac
person unduly worried about his health; worrier without cause about illness; ADJ. CF. hypochondria: neurosis that one is or is becoming ill; CF. abdomen
s Epicurean
believing that pleasure is good and suffering is bad and should be avoided; N.
n husbandry
frugality; thrift; economy; agriculture; farming; Ex. animal husbandry; CF. husbandman
n deciduous
falling off at a specific season or stage of growth as of leaves; Ex. deciduous tree/teeth
s airy
of air; high in the air; lofty; immaterial; unreal
eating away by chemicals or disease; (of language) fierce
n epaulet(epaulette)
ornament worn on the shoulder (of a uniform, etc.)
practical; able to be carried out; practicable
large three-masted sailing ship
obedient; compliant; readily managed; responsive; willing to be led; answerable or accountable legally; responsible; able to be tested by; Ex. amenable to sensible suggestions; Ex. He is very amenable; Ex. amenable to the usual tests
unification; process of becoming firmer or stronger; V. consolidate: merge; strengthen
n chastise
punish as by beating; criticize severely
n empathy
ability to identify with another's feelings, ideas, etc.; identification with and understanding of another's feelings; V. empathize; CF. sympathy
calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics
s list
tilt (as of a ship); lean over (to one side)
n homeostasis
tendency of a system or organism to maintain relative stability or internal equilibrium; CF. homeo-: constant; Ex. homeotherm
small in amount; minute
s plaster
paste that hardens to a smooth solid and is used for coating walls; V.
n buffoonery
s fringe
decorative edge of hanging threads; edge
s rumble
make or move with a deep rolling sound (as thunder or stomach)
s mischief
behavior (of children) causing trouble with no serious harm; damage; harm; Ex. mischief to the crops; ADJ. mischievous: causing mischief; playfully troublesome
n gourmand
epicure; person who takes excessive pleasure in food and drink
n insularity
narrow-mindedness; isolation; ADJ. insular: of an island; isolated; narrow-minded; CF. peninsula
s flush
redden; blush; flow suddenly and abundantly; wash out by a rapid brief flow of water; N: reddish tinge; blush; brief rush; rush of strong feeling; Ex. flush of pride; ADJ: having surfaces in the same plane; even; blushing
explain in detail; interpret; clarify; CF. explicable
n modulate
tone down in intensity; change the intensity or tone of; regulate; change from one musical key to another; Ex. modulate from E to G
error; stupid mistake
commence; go on board a boat; begin a journey
separated; alienated; V. estrange: alienate (people in a family); N. estrangement
n muse
ponder at length; N: source of inspiration (esp. of a poet)
n brusque
blunt; abrupt; curt; not wanting to waste time being nice
s rou\'e
lecherous man
s nuptial
of marriage or the wedding ceremony; N; nuptials; wedding ceremony
n anodyne
drug that relieves pain or trouble; ÁøÅëÁ¦; opiate; ADJ. Ex. anodyne statement
s deputize
work or appoint as a deputy; N. deputy: person who has the power to take charge when the leading person is away
look on with scorn; regard as worthless or distasteful; ADJ. despicable: contemptible
s chancellor
legal official of high rank; CF. chancellery(chancellory): position of a chancellor
distinguishable; perceivable; Ex. discernible improvement
n gory
bloody; N. gore: blood (from a wound)
n contingent
dependent on something uncertain or in the future; conditional; happening by chance; accidental; N: a group of soldiers, ships to a larger force; CF. contingency: future event that may or may not occur; possibility; Ex. prepare for every contingency
throw into confusion; involve in strife, dispute, or quarrel; entangle; CF. imbroglio
n fluster
confuse; make nervous and confused; N.
pertaining to conversational or common speech; informal; N. colloquialism: colloquial expression
hatch; warm (eggs) with the body to promote hatching; maintain at optimal environment conditions for development; be holding in one's body an infection which is going to develop into a disease; N. incubation; CF. incubation:disease
n hireling
one who serves for hire (usually used contemptuously); one who works solely for compensation; Ex. hireling politician
s sow
plant or scatter seed
s enliven
make lively or spirited; animate
s blight
plant disease; V: infect with blight; ruin; destroy
n curmudgeon
churlish, miserly individual; bad-tempered old person
s germ
earliest form of an organism; seed or bud; something that may develop into something larger or more important; microbe
n mores
conventions; moral standards; moral customs
s thrash
beat with a whip or flail; defeat utterly; talk about thoroughly in order to find the answer; move wildly or violently; Ex. The fishes thrashed about in the net.
n frenzied
madly excited; N. frenzy: violent wild excitement
s hygiene
science and practice of the promotion and preservation of health; ADJ. hygienic: showing careful attention to cleanness (to prevent disease); Ex. hygienic condition
n muddle
confuse; mix up confusedly; N: state of confusion
n hardy
(of people or animals) sturdy; robust; (of plants) able to stand inclement(stormy) weather
able to produce a desired effect; valid
n jocund
s gentle
kindly; soft; mild; of good family
empty; lacking
s court
attempt to gain; seek; woo; risk; behave so as to invite; attempt to gain the favor of by attention; Ex. court disaster
n behoove(behove)
be suited to; be incumbent upon; be right and necessary; Ex. It behooves one to do.
mutual relationship
government under a single ruler
contact that keeps parties in communication; communication between groups; one that maintains communication; go-between; secret love affair; V. liaise: keep a connection
increase in the volume or intensity as in a musical passage; climax; CF. crescent
doctor specializing in ailments of the heart
give in respectfully; submit; delay till later; exempt temporarily; N. deferment; CF. show respect, comply with, courteous
n disengage
uncouple; separate; disconnect; stop fighting; OP. engage
perfect example or embodiment; brief summary; Ex. epitome of good manners; V. epitomize: make an epitome of; be an epitome of; embody
n bullion
gold and silver in the form of bars
n canine
related to dogs; doglike
s feline
of a member of the cat family; N.
raging mad; insane; N. maniac: insane person; CF. mania: disorder of the mind; intense enthusiasm
antiquated; extremely ancient
lacking caution; not prudent; injudicious
s expos\'e
public revelation of something discreditable
length of time something lasts
distasteful (because excessive); excessively sweet or sentimental; V. cloy: become unpleasant through too much sweetness or excess
n bland
soothing or mild (food); agreeable; causing no trouble or offence
n hurtle
crash; rush; move with great speed; Ex. hurtling runaway train
s lounge
stand, sit, or lie in a lazy, relaxed way
n iconoclastic
attacking cherished traditions; N. iconoclast: one who attacks traditional ideas; one who destroys sacred images
temporary invasion; CF. excursion: short journey
s intrigue
make secret plans; plot; arouse the curiosity of; N: secret scheme; plot; secret love affair
n careen
lurch; sway from side to side; move with irregular swinging movement; stagger
n menagerie
collection of wild animals on exhibition; zoo
n disavowal
denial; disclaiming; repudiating; disowning; V. disavow; CF. disclaim
enormously large or extensive
s outfit
clothing or equipment for a special purpose; Ex. cowboy outfit
expressiveness; persuasive speech; ADJ. eloquent: movingly expressive; expressing ideas well so that the hearers can be influeneced
n buttress
support; prop up; N. stationary structure to support wall; Ex. flying buttress
n betoken
signify; indicate; be a sign of
broad; including a lot or everything; thorough; inclusive
s botch
mismanage; blow
lifeless; not animate
s bromide
platitude; chemical compound used to calm excitement
not able to be erased
n harping
tiresome dwelling on a subject; V. harp: dwell on(think or speak a lot about) tediously
split or sever; cling to; remain faithful to; N. cleavage; ADJ. cloven
brief, comprehensive summary; ADJ. compendious
n inscrutable
difficult to understand; impenetrable; not readily understood; mysterious
s shack
crude cabin
filled with excited joy and pride; overjoyed; in high spirits; joyful and proud; Ex. elated crowd; V. elate; N. elation
n extrapolation
projection; conjecture; V. extrapolate: infer (unknown information) from known information
n detached
emotionally removed; free from emotional involvement; calm and objective; physically separate; N. detachment; CF. attachment
s dummy
imitation of a real object used as a substitute; effigy
n artless
without guile; open and honest
manlike; resembling a human being; N.
n dais
raised platform for speakers or other important people
effective; distinct; expressing ideas clearly; having clear sounds; having joints; Ex. articulate speech; V: express thoughts and feeling clearly; pronounce clearly; unite by joints
n halting
hesitant; faltering; not fluent; Ex. halting steps/voice; V. halt: proceed or act with uncertainty; falter; hesitate; waver; stop
s jaundice
medical condition in which the skin, the white part of the eyes, etc. turn yellow; V: affect with jaundice; affect with prejudice, envy, or hostility; bias
s foul
very bad or disagreeable; very dirty; Ex. foul smell/flavor/temper/language/air/deed/weather/means; N. act against the rules; V. make or become foul; commit a foul
n accoutre
equip; N. accoutrement
s executor
person designated to execute the terms of a will; ¿¹¼ú ÀÛÇ°ÀÇ Á¦ÀÛÀÚ
tendency to keep together
n diadem
n magnate
person of prominence or influence; powerful or influential person (in business or industry); Ex. oil magnate
n ensconce
settle comfortably; place comfortably (in a secure place)
detest; ADJ. loathsome: arousing loathing; offensive; Ex. loathsome smell
s dominant
exercising the most influence; high and easily seen; stronger than the other part of a system; not recessive
s constitution
constituting; system of laws; composition of something; physical makeup or structure of a person; Ex. men with strong constitutions
n beatitude
blessedness; state of great happiness
urge on; drive with a goad; cause (someone) to do something by continued annoyance; Ex. They goaded him into doing it by saying he was a coward; N: sharp-pointed stick for driving cattle; stimulus; CF. annoy continually
dispute; argue about the rightness of; compete for; try to win; Ex. contest the election results; Ex. contest a seat in Parliament; N.
s reckon
count; calculate; regard as; think; suppose
detestable; extremely unpleasant
tranquil; of even calm temper; (of temperature) steady; uniform
reckon; calculate
strip (as of clothes); deprive (as of rights); dispossess; N. divestiture(divestment)
not subject to a duty or obligation; free from a duty; V.
small representative world; world in miniature; Ex. microcosm of English society
flattery; admiration that is more than is necessary or deserved
affectedly grand; pretentious; high-flown; ridiculously exaggerated; impressive; great in size or scope; grand; Ex. grandiose ideas
s exhale
breathe out; OP. inhale
conspicuously wicked, bad, or offensive; blatant; outrageous
s jest
playful remark or act; V. act or speak playfully
n limbo
region near heaven or hell where certain souls are kept; prison (slang); Ex. Purgatory and Limbo
s quicksilver
purgative; medicine that causes the bowels to empty; ADJ.
s swagger
walk or behave with an over-confident manner
someone who advises insurance companies
alert and watchful; listening carefully; paying attention; considerate; thoughtful; politely helpful; Ex. attentive audience; Ex. He was attentive to the old lady; N. attentions: act of courtesy and consideration
n faze
disconcert; dismay; embarrass
n dissemble
disguise; hide the real nature of; pretend
abyss; very deep crack
n hue
color; aspect; Ex. opinions of every hue
n carafe
glass water bottle; decanter
n hermetic
concerning alchemy or magic; obscure and mysterious; occult
limit; confine; draw a line around
n beset
harass or trouble from all directions; hem in
s swamp
wetland; marsh; V: flood; overwhelm; drench in with liquid
s dart
move or throw suddenly and quickly
aqueduct; passageway for fluids
derived by reasoning; V. deduce: infer; derive by reasoning
n eminent
rising above others; high; lofty; distinguished; Ex. eminent position
s monochrome
painting in only one color; ADJ.
n deadpan
wooden; impassive; with no show of feeling; with an expressionless face
n ceremonious
marked by formality; extremely formal and polite; CF. ceremony: conventional social courtesy
n lope
gallop slowly
stick together
n caliber
ability; quality; diameter of the inside of a round cylinder; Ex. work of very high caliber
intellectuals; members of the educated elite (often used derogatorily)
n blatant
extremely (offensively) obvious; loudly offensive; Ex. blatant lie; N. blatancy
firm statement that something is certainly true; promise or pledge; certainty; confidence in one's own ability; self-confidence; Ex. In spite of all his assurances, he did not come back; Ex. assurance of his loyalty; Ex. The teacher lacked assurance in fron of his class; V. assure; tell firmly with confidence; ensure; make (something) certain to heappen; make (someone) feel sure; give confidence to; ADJ. assured: self-assured; confident in one's own ability; showing certainty
highest point; climax; V. culminate in: reach the highest point in; end in; Ex. a series of minor clashes culminating in war
s flicker
burn unsteadily or fitfully; move waveringly; N: flickering movement or light; brief sensation; Ex. flicker of excitement
n countermand
cancel; revoke (an order)
s weary
tired after long work; V.
n bristling
rising like bristles; showing irritation
n hegemony
dominance especially of one nation over others
n eulogy
expression of praise, often on the occasion of someone's death; V. eulogize
small plane surface (of a gem(precious stone)); a side
n hermitage
home of a hermit
correspondence of parts; harmonious relationship; CF. congruity
not able to be corrected or repaired; impossible to repair
opponent; enemy
barrier laid down by artillery fire; overwhelming profusion; large number of questions or statements; Ex. a barrage of criticism
a covered passageway usually lined with shops
make unfriendly or hostile; estrange; separate; change the ownership of
n imbecility
weakness of mind; state of being an imbecile; N. imbecile: stupid person; fool
n chaff
worthless products of an endeavor; husk(outer seed cover) separated from grain; Ex. separate the wheat from the chaff
n flail
beat with or as if with a flail; move wildly; thresh grain by hand; strike or slap; toss about; N: threshing tool consisting of a stick swinging from the end of a long handle
n emulate
imitate; rival; try to equal or excel (through imitation)
issue forth; come out
s culprit
one guilty of a crime
n firebrand
piece of burning wood; hothead; troublemaker; person who stirs up trouble
controlling influence; position of controlling influence; CF. in the ascendant
n expunge
cancel; remove a word or name (from a book or list); erase
n ciliated
having minute hairs; CF. cilium; CF. cilia: eyelash
s drastic
strong; violent and severe; Ex. drastic changes/measures
n glossy
smooth and shining; N. gloss: shiny brightness on a surface; superficially attractive appearance; Ex. gloss of good manners
something taken for granted; the taking over or taking possession of; Ex. her assumption of power; V. assume
(of the tide) recede; lessen; diminish; N. OP. flow: rise of tide
obedient; easily managed; submissive
endowed with flesh; invested with bodily form; personified; Ex. devil incarnate; V: give bodily form to; embody
s healthy
possessing good health; healthful
s hypnosis
induced sleeping state; ADJ. hypnotic; V. hypnotize
n breach
breaking of contract or duty; fissure or gap; opening; V.
sleeping; temporarily inactive; lethargic; latent
absence of governing body; state of disorder
spur; motive; something which encourages one to greater activity
s institution
instituting; (building for the) organization; established custom, practice, or relationship in a society; mental hospital; Ex. institution of marriage
n blas\'e
bored with pleasure or dissipation; uninterested or bored
plundering; destruction
n mellifluous
(of words or a voice) sweetly or smoothly flowing; melodious; having a pleasant tune
n fodder
coarse food for cattle, horses, etc.; feed for livestock; CF. food
practicing self-denial; avoiding physical pleasures and comforts; austere; Ex. ascetic life of Buddhist monks; N. asceticism
n libretto
text of an opera or oratorio; CF. book
s porridge
soft food made by boiling oatmeal
mythical figure, half man and half horse
prevailing among a specific group of people or in a specific area or country; peculiar to a particular region or people; CF. pandemic
seek to attain (position or status); long for; Ex. aspire to become president; Ex. aspire to/after the leadership
s vain
full of self-admiration; conceited; without result; unsuccessful; N. vanity
fleeting or transitory; lasting only a short time; roving(wandering); running away or fleeing as from the law; N: one who flees; Ex. fugitives at large
degrade; reduce in quality or value; degenerate; lower in esteem; disgrace; N. debasement
explanatory; serving to explain; N. exposition: explaining; exhibition
n miscreant
wretch; wrongdoer; villain; Ex. kindness to the miscreant; CF. believe
n expostulation
protest; remonstrance; reasoning with someone to correct or dissuade; V. expostulate
n bluff
pretense (of strength); deception; high cliff; ADJ: rough but good-natured
s grunt
utter a deep guttural sound (as a pig does); N.
s masquerade
wear a mask or disguise; pretend; N: costume party or ball at which masks are worn; pretense; disguise
n maritime
bordering on(adjacent to) the sea; nautical; of the ships or the sea; Ex. Maritime Provinces
s halfhearted
exhibiting little interest or enthusiasm
s linger
loiter or dawdle; be slow in leaving; delay going; continue or persist; be slow to disappear; Ex. The smell lingered for days.
n kaleidoscope
tube in which patterns made by the reflection in mirrors of colored pieces of glass, etc. produce interesting symmetrical effects; series of changing events; Ex. kaleidoscope of European history; CF. beautiful
wring from; get money by threats, etc.; obtain by force or threats; CF. extortionate: exorbitant
s pudding
hot sweet dish
n gadfly
animal-biting fly; irritating person
s clip
cut off with shears; fasten; N: something clipped off (as a short extract from film); clasp or fastener
feeling of kinship; similarity; Ex. strong affinity for her; Ex. many affinities between two languages
n juncture
crisis; point in time; joining point; joint; act of joining
shrink back as if in fear; cower
n irascible
irritable; easily angered
n lachrymose
producing tears; tearful
n espouse
adopt; support (an idea or aim); marry; N. espousal
sweet sound; ADJ. euphonious
s penetrate
enter into; pierce; permeate; see through; grasp the inner significance of; understand
s hut
crude dwelling; shack
n amputate
cut off part of body; prune (a limb)
lack of seriousness or steadiness; frivolity; lightness of manner
s falsify
make (something written) false by changing
state confidently; declare as true
n mural
wall painting
person with power to decide a matter in dispute; judge who is in a position ot make influential judgments; Ex. supreme arbiter of fashion in beachware
element; ingredient
n burlesque
give an imitation that ridicules; imitate mockingly
s padre
chaplain (in the armed forces)
n effervescence
inner excitement or exuberance; showing high spirits; emitting bubbles forming inside; bubbling from fermentation or carbonation; ADJ. effervescent; V. effervesce
n gossamer
sheer; very light; like cobwebs; N: soft and sheer fabric; cobweb
n kismet
fate; destiny; Ex. Kismet is the Arabic word for fate.
n bohemian
unconventional (in an artistic way)
hateful; spiteful; expressing malice; N. malice: desire to harm others; spite
n motility
ability to move spontaneously; ADJ. motile: moving spontaneously
n appurtenances
subordinate possessions; something added to a more important thing
n alimony
payments made regularly to an ex-spouse after divorce
n meddlesome
interfering; V. meddle: interfere
n minion
servile dependent; obsequious follower
n fervent
ardent; zealous; hot
invigorate; give energy to; make forceful and active
s self-indulgence
excessive indulgence of one's own desire
n gingerly
very carefully; ADJ.
n invocation
prayer for help (used in invoking); calling upon as a reference or support; act of invoking
n demotic
of or pertaining to the people
one devoted to the promotion of human welfare; CF. humanism
s capsize
(of a boat) turn over
crevice; crack
able to float; cheerful and optimistic; N. buoyancy; Ex. buoyancy of wood/water/American market
n antiquated
obsolete; old-fashioned; outdated
n fusillade
simultaneous firing or outburst (of missiles, questions, etc.)
s bearing
deportment; connection
lack of balance or symmetry; disproportion
s correlate
either of the correlated things; V.
n impeccable
s emblazon
ornament richly (a shield or flag); N. emblazonment
cause to appear by magic; summon (a devil or a spirit) by magical power; practice magic (esp. by very quick movement of the hands); evoke; conjure up: bring into the mind; Ex. The magician conjured a rabbit out of his hat.
able to live both on land and in water; N.
s smear
spread or cover with a sticky substance; N: mark made by smearing
n hubris
arrogance; excessive self-conceit
n laggard
slow; sluggish; N: one who lags; straggler
beginning; in an early stage
n bulwark
strong wall built for defense; earthwork or other strong defense; person who defends
move faster
n flounder
struggle and thrash about; proceed clumsily or falter (as in water, mud, snow, etc.); proceed in confusion
kindly; doing good
s dishonor
disgrace; N. ADJ. dishonorable
reflection; thought; V. meditate
s impregnate
make pregnant; fill thoroughly; saturate
clear from blame or guilt
(of the senses) sharp; quickly perceptive; keen; penetrating; brief and severe; Ex. acute sense of smell/analysis/pain
mutually destructive
having only one color
n gaudy
flashy; showy
sleep throughout the winter; N. hibernation
n disembark
debark; go ashore (from a ship); unload cargo from a ship; CF. embark
n artifice
deception; trickery
s memorial
something, such as a monument or holiday, intended to honor the memory of a person or event; ADJ: commemorative
state of collapse or weakness caused by illness or old age
denying the existence of God; N. atheism
Roman army officer (commanding a company of about 100 soldiers)
n dote
be excessively fond of; show signs of mental decline
improperness; unsuitableness
frustrate; put to rout; defeat; disconcert; embarrass; perturb
n funereal
sad; solemn; suitable for a funeral
exile; someone who has withdrawn from his native land; V: exile; banish; leave one's country
n egress
exit; opening for going out; act of going out; OP. ingress
n cohabit
live together
s prop
support placed under or against something; V.
frighten; N. intimidation
n cozen
cheat; hoodwink; swindle
commonplace; trite
s nonsense
speech or writing with no meaning; foolish behavior or language; Ex. make (a) nonsense of: spoil; cause to fail
n limber
flexible; supple; pliable; V.
behavior; bearing
brave and successful act; deed or action, particularly a brave deed; CF. crossing the Atlantic ocean
records arranged in yearly parts; history
uncertain; not clearly fixed; indefinite
n importunate
urging; always demanding; troublesomely urgent or persistent
n auroral
pertaining to the aurora borealis; CF. aurora australis
able to see differences; discerning; prejudiced; N. discrimination
n dulcet
sweet sounding; pleasing to the ear; melodious
fear of heights
n monolithic
solidly uniform; unchangeable; unyielding; N. monolith: large block of stone
oblige or help someone; adjust or bring into harmony; adapt; make enough space for; ADJ. accommodative; CF. accomodating: helpful and obliging
n inert
inactive; lacking power to move; unable to move or act; Ex. chemically inert; N. inertia: state of being inert; force which keeps a thing in the position or state
condense or shorten
insignificant; unimportant
n actuate
motivate; activate; cause to act
(of a person or book) learned; full of learning; scholarly; N. erudition
s limp
walk lamely; ADJ: lacking firmness; weak
evildoer; criminal
pretense of ignorance of something wrong; assistance; permission to offend; V. connive: feign ignorance (of a wrong); cooperate secretly in an illegal action; conspire
exaggerated; pompous; enlarged (with air or gas)
artistic; dealing with or capable of appreciating the beautiful (of a person or building); CF. aesthete; CF. aesthetics
n candor
frankness; open honesty; ADJ. candid
struggle; compete; assert earnestly; state strongly
turn aside; turn away from a straight course
sudden disastrous downfall or defeat; complete disaster
belief in one God
n anthem
song of praise or patriotism; Ex. national anthem
s motto
brief statement used to express a principle
s slap
hit quickly with the flat part of the hand; N. CF. smack
n fanciful
whimsical; visionary; imaginary; produced by imagination; Ex. fanciful scheme
n cavalcade
procession of riders or horse-drawn carriages; parade; CF. cavalry
s galvanic
of the production of electricity by the action of an acid on a metal; having the effect of an electric shock; Ex. galvanic cell; galvanic effect; CF. Luigi Galvani
n gull
trick; deceive; hoodwink; N: person who is easily tricked; dupe
n effluvium
noxious(harmful) smell
admit to the rights of citizenship (especially the right to vote); CF. franchise
n introspective
looking within oneself; N. introspection: self-examination
interpret incorrectly; misinterpret; misjudge
n mischance
ill luck
s latch
fastening or lock consisting of a movable bar that fits into a notch; V: close with a latch
n guffaw
boisterous laughter; V.
begin; originate; receive into a group; introduce to a new field or activity; Ex. initiate someone into the mysteries of a secret religion; N: one who has been initiated
prohibit; forbid; N.
n flit
fly; fly or move lightly or quickly; dart lightly; pass swiftly by; Ex. a bee flitting from flower to flower
renounce; give up (position, right, or responsibility)
s elope
run away secretly with the intention of getting married
n moribund
dying; at the point of death; CF. death
deliverance from a charge; V. acquit: free from a charge or accusation; discharge from a duty; conduct (oneself) in a specified manner
weak; ineffective; lacking in physical strength or power
n manumit
emancipate; free from slavery or bondage
clean; remove offensive parts of a book
waver; shift; rise and fall as if in waves; change or vary irregularly
persuade; lead to do something; bring about; N. inducement
s speck
small piece or mark; Ex. speck of dust in the eye
relating to the art of debate; mutual or reciprocal; Ex. dialectical situation; N. dialectic: art of arriving at the truth by the exchange of logical arguments
compose on the spur of the moment
s afterlife
life after death; later part of one's life
notorious; conspicuously bad or shocking
n capitulate
surrender; give up all resistance
n mangy
shabby; wretched; suffering from mange; of bad appearance
intensely cold; cold in manner; Ex. frigid zone
n arid
(of land) dry; barren; unproductive
significance; importance; meaning
n juxtapose
place side by side; CF. next
n caucus
private meeting of a group of people in a political party to select officers or determine policy; CF. the Caucus club of Boston
readily acting in accordance with a rule, order, or the wishes or others; yielding; comforming to requirements
useless; hopeless; ineffectual
n douse
plunge into water or liquid; dip; immerse; drench; wet throughly; extinguish; throw water over; dowse
pleasantly merry; festive; joyous; gay; characterized by joviality; jovial
freeze; coagulate
n bloated
(unpleasantly) swollen or puffed as with water or air
s matrimony
state of being married
discerning; perceptive
generous; charitable; having a wish to do good
n militate
work against; Ex. militate against the chances of promotion; CF. serve as a soldier
n clavicle
n feint
trick; shift; sham blow; feigned attack to draw away defensive action; V.
s institutionalize
make into an institution; put or confine in an institution
diligent; hard-working; N. industry
s tawny
brownish yellow
seize; take possession of (private property) by official order (usu. as a punishment); commandeer
s permissive
allowing much freedom; lenient; Ex. permissive society
n choleric
hot-tempered; bad-tempered; irritable; easily angered; CF. cholera
agreement; contract; ADJ: tightly packed; firm; brief; concise; Ex. compact statement
s gobble
eat very quickly
s mat
not shiny; matte; having a dull finish; N: flat piece of material used as a floor covering; V.
fear of being locked in
n askance
with a sideways or indirect look (with disapproval or distruct); Ex. look askance at
n concerted
mutually agreed on; done together by agreement; Ex. concerted effort; CF. in concert: working together
acute pain; extreme suffering
n grotto
small cavern
n bereft
deprived of (something valuable); lacking
s confidential
spoken or written in secret; trusted with private matters; Ex. confidential secretary
positive assertion; confirmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath; V. affirm; ADJ. affirmative; CF. affirmative action: positive discrimination
without deceit
compulsive habitual need
cut into small parts; cut (a body) apart limb from limb
n assert
state strongly or positively; demand recognition of (rights, claims, etc.); make a claim to (by forceful action); Ex. assert one's independence
prudence; ability to adjust actions to circumstances; freedom of action or judgment; ADJ. discreet; CF. discretionary
differing in some characteristics (from each other); various; N. diversity: variety; dissimilitude; lack of resemblance
s conspire
take part in a conspiracy; (of events) work together; combine; Ex. Events conspired to produce great difficulties.
n application
diligent attention; diligence; V. apply oneself
delaying; tending to delay
n impervious
impenetrable; incapable of being damaged or distressed; incapable of being affected (in one's opinions); Ex. impervious to water/criticism
dethrone; remove from office; give a deposition; testify
n foil
contrast; one that by contrast enhances the distinctive characteristics of another
decode; CF. indecipherable
obstruct; prevent the free movement of; N: ½Ä·áÇ°À̳ª ÀǺ¹ µîÀ» ´ã´Â ¹Ù±¸´Ï
unreal reflection; optical illusion
n equine
resembling a horse; Ex. equine face
tendency to disbelief
s dowse
use a divining rod to search for underground water or minerals
s inhibited
(of a person) unable to express what one really feels
s forge
counterfeit; reproduce fraudulently; form by heating in a forge and hammering into shape; move with a sudden increase of speed or power; Ex. forged ahead in the last two years; N: furnace where metals are heated
n exude
flow out slowly; discharge (gradually); give forth; N. exudation
come together; assemble; call to meet; Ex. convene the council
n maudlin
effusively sentimental
n brandish
wave around (a weapon); flourish
short-lived; fleeting
n excerpt
selected passage (written or musical) taken from a longer work; V.
n browbeat
bully; intimidate
evasive; not frank; baffling; hard to grasp, catch, or understand; V. elude: escape from; escape the understanding or grasp of; Ex. elude the hunter; Ex. His name eludes me.
n hovel
shack; small wretched house
n mandate
order; charge; authoritative command; power to govern another country; power to given to a government; region under administration; V: give a mandate to; place under a mandate; Ex. mandated territory
s decree
authoritative order; edict; judgment of a court of law; V: order or judge by decree
like a corpse; pale
outward appearance; costume; Ex. in a new guise
adorn; ornament; enhance as a story (by adding fictitious details)
s trickle
flow in drops or in a thin stream; N.
n fawning
courting favor by cringing and flattering; V. fawn: exhibit affection as a dog; seek favor or attention by obsequiousness
s droop
bend or hang downward; become weakened; Ex. His shoulders drooped with tiredness; N.
serious speech, writing, or conversation; formal discussion (either written or spoken); conversation; V.
natural consequence (which naturally follows from something else)
n disingenuous
not naive; not candid; sophisticated; worldly wise; OP. ingenuous
s morgue
mortuary; place where bodies are kept before burial or cremation
abundance; wealth
flood; overflow; submerge; cover completely; Ex. inundated with work
s gust
strong abrupt rush of wind; V. CF. bluster
stingy; mean
s glow
shine brightly without a flame (as of eyes or metals); show redness and heat (in the face) after hard work or because of strong feelings; N: light produced by a heated body; brilliance of a color
dissimilar; mixed; not homogeneous; consisting of dissimilar elements or plants
n irony
hidden sarcasm or satire; use of words that seem to mean the opposite of what they actually mean; use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning
n dour
sullen; gloomy; stubborn
writings preceding and following the passage quoted; circumstance in which an event occurs
native; Ex. plant indigenous to the New World
examination of accounts of a business; official examination; V.
prepare by mixing or combining; make up in concert; devise (something false) so as to deceive; Ex. concoct an elaborate excuse for being late; N. concoction
n glimmer
shine erratically; twinkle; N: dim or unsteady light; faint indication; Ex. glimmer of hope
n flout
reject; mock; show contempt for; scorn; Ex. flout the rules
n balm
something that relieves pain; oily liquid with a pleasant smell from trees
n kindred
related; belonging to the same group; similar in nature or character; Ex. kindred languages; N: relative; kin; kinship
n fulsome
disgustingly excessive; offensively flattering; Ex. fulsome praise/expressions of admire
vertebrate animal whose female suckles its young
s confidence
self-assurance; calm unworried feeling based on a strong belief in one's abilities; strong belief in the ability of a person or plan; trust or faith in a person or thing; something confided; secret; Ex. confidence in your ability; Ex. I'm telling you this in confidence; Ex. exchange confidences about their boyfriends; ADJ. confident
n extradition
surrender of prisoner by one state to another; Ex. extradition treaty; V. extradite
picture made of small colorful inlaid tiles; ADJ.
s impart
grant a share of; make known; Ex. news to impart
show by example; furnish an example; serve as an example of; Ex. His pictures exemplify that sort of painting.
n loll
lounge about
radiating; departing from the center
implying a cause-and-effect relationship; N. causality
n balk
stop short, as if faced with an obstacle, and refuse to continue; foil; stop or get in the way of; frustrate
n mutilate
maim; injure lastingly; deprive of a limb or an essential part
related to a school; not practical or directly useful
prevent; avoid; turn away (eyes or thought); Ex. An accident was averted by his quick thinking; Ex. She averted her eyes from the terrible sight.
strong point or special talent in a person's character
n junta
group of persons joined in political intrigue; cabal; group of military officers ruling a country after seizing power (by force)
yearly allowance
n impuissance
powerlessness; feebleness
dissenting (with an opinion, a group, or a government); rebellious; N.
n cynosure
object of general attention; person or thing that is a center of attention; CF. Ursa Minor
n caulk(calk)
make watertight (by blocking up cracks as in a ship)
n bastion
stronghold; something seen as a source of protection; Ex. the last bastion of male chauvinism
n don
put on; OP. doff
n levy
impose (a fine); collect (a payment); impose or collect (a tax); Ex. levy a tax on tobacco
s understate
state with less truth than seems warranted by the facts; Ex. He understated the seriousness of the crime; N. understatement; OP. overstate
s chuckle
laugh quietly
n fractious
unruly; peevish; cranky; bad-tempered; Ex. fractious horse
s sullen
silently showing ill humor or resentment; dark; gloomy
n hyperbole
exaggeration; overstatement; ADJ. hyperbolic: of hyperbole; of a hyperbola
n demoniac(demoniacal)
fiendish; cruel; N. demon: evil supernatural being; devil
n glaze
cover with a thin and shiny surface; apply a glaze to; N: thin, smooth, shiny coating (as for pottery); Ex. unglazed pottery
n evasive
not frank; trying to hide the truth; eluding; evading; V. evade: avoid (a duty or responsibility) or escape from by deceit
n disquisition
formal systematic inquiry; explanation of the results of a formal inquiry; long formal speech or written report
corpse; dead human body
disfranchise; deprive of a civil right; OP. enfranchise
n jabber
chatter rapidly or unintelligibly
easily understood; clear; intelligible; N. lucidity
unpredictable; fickle
n ethnology
study of humankind; study of the different races of human beings; CF. anthropology
n gastronomy
art and science of preparing and serving good food; CF. gastronome
impervious; not permitting passage through its substance; impossible to permeate
s frock
long loose garment (worn by monks)
obligatory; imposed as an obligation; currently holding an office; N: person who holds an office
determined; Ex. bent on advancing in the business; N: natural talent or inclination
accidental; casual; happening by chance
n lilliputian
extremely small; CF. Lilliput in Gulliver's Travels
make whole; combine; make into one unit
n apolitical
having an aversion or lack of concern for political affairs
n dupe
someone easily fooled or deceived; V: deceive
given freely; unwarranted; uncalled for; done without good reason; Ex. gratuitous comment
bravery; courage; strength of mind
n billowing
swelling out in waves; surging
foreshadow; portend
s skim
read or glance through quickly; touch lightly in passing; brush; remove from the surface of a liquid
s swarm
large group of insects moving in a mass; crowd of people or animals; V: move in a crowd or mass
s awful
terrible; very bad
n chasten
discipline; punish in order to correct; CF. castigate
s dysentery
inflammatory disorder of the lower intestinal tract
decisive; ending all debate
particular variety of art or literature
n indenture
bind as servant or apprentice to master; bind by indenture; N: contract binding one party into the service of another for a specified time (as between an apprentice and his master)
n brocade
rich, figured(patterned) fabric
pacify or soothe; Ex. appease a crying baby; N. appeasement
happening at the same time; in agreement
person who seeks to overturn the established government; advocate of abolishing authority
not able to be traveled or crossed
s tend
have a tendency; take care of; minister; serve at; apply one's attention; attend
n apothecary
druggist; pharmacist
wicked; immoral; unrighteous; N. iniquity; Ex. den of iniquity
n clamber
climb by crawling with difficulties; scramble
n braggart
boaster; bragger
generosity; ADJ. magnanimous: generous
support militantly; fight for; N: person who fights for or supports strongly (a principle, movement, person, etc.)
n coiffure
egotistic; excessively self-centered(egocentric); self-important; conceited
skillful; skill in using hands or mind; N. dexterity
blacken; defame
n debauch
corrupt morally; seduce from virtue; N. debauchery: wild behavior (with sex and alcohol)
mercy killing
deduce; conclude; N. inference
capture; enslave; captivate; hold the complete attention of (as if magic); hold spellbound
n doddering
shaky; infirm from old age; V. dodder
n arboretum
place where different trees and shrubs are studied and exhibited
s dazzle
make blind with a sudden intense light; amaze; fill with wonder
s fiend
evil spirit; devil
filled with great surprise or fear; horrified
self-evident truth requiring no proof
n foist
insert improperly; impose upon another by coercion; palm off; pass off as genuine or worthy; CF. fist
n mundane
worldly as opposed to spiritual; everyday; of the ordinary; Ex. mundane existence; CF. world
descent; ancestry
n cartographer
n fecundity
fertility; fruitfulness; ADJ. fecund: very productive of crops or young
take vengence for something or on behalf of someone; Ex. They avenged his death by burning the village; Ex. He swore to avenge his brother; Ex. They avenged themselves on their enemy.
serving as a model; outstanding; Ex. exemplary punishment/behavior; N. exemplar: typical example; model
n mausoleum
monumental tomb; large stately tomb; CF. Mausolos
suitable (for a particular purpose although not necessarily morally correct); practical; politic(prudent); N: something expedient
n dossier
file of documents on a subject or person; file; CF. bundle of papers labeled on the back
n bask
luxuriate; take pleasure in warmth
n gist
essence; main point; substance
n fraught
filled (with something unpleasant); full; Ex. fraught with danger and difficulties; CF. freight
n motley
multi-colored (as of a garment worn by a jester); mixed; heterogeneous; CF. jester: one who jests (as a paid fool at medieval courts)
n grill
question severely; cook on a grill; broil; N: cooking surface of parallel metal bars
n jollity
gaiety; cheerfulness; ADJ. jolly: merry; gay
failure to act; failure to perform a task or be present; V.
convenient features that helps to make life pleasant; social courtesies
n callow
youthful; immature; inexperienced
n myopic
nearsighted; lacking foresight; N. myopia
state of distress; trial; cause of distress or suffering; V. afflict: inflict grievous suffering on
n lax
careless; negligent; not paying enough attention; Ex. lax service
n askew
crookedly; slanted; at an angle
s vulgar
of the common people; deficient in refinement; not refined; coarse; Ex. vulgar display of wealth; N. vulgarism: vulgarity; crudely indecent word; CF. vulgarian: vulgar person; boor; lout
unreasonable or capricious; random; tyrannical; Ex. arbitrary ruler
present but not yet noticeable or active; dormant; hidden; N. latency; CF. potential
s frolic
play and jump about happily; frisk; Ex. frolicking young lambs
cheating; deceitful; Ex. fraudulent means; N. fraud: deception; swindle
periodic; on and off; stopping and starting at intervals
n inveigh
denounce; utter censure or invective; Ex. inveigh against the evils of drink
n fructify
bear fruit; produce fruit
n amass
collect (gradually, in a very large amount)
n levitate
rise and float in the air (especially by magical means); CF. light
s healthful
conducive to good health; Ex. healthful mountain air
notoriously bad; notorious; well known for being bad; Ex. infamous behavior; N: infamy: infamous act; evil fame or reputation
n dally
trifle with; toy with; treat without the necessary seriousness; procrastinate; waste time
build; lie; make up (a story) in order to deceive; Ex. fabricate the whole story; CF. fabric: underlying structure; Ex. fabric of society
s genus
division of animals or plants, below a family and above a species
n emetic
substance causing vomiting; ADJ.
n ligneous
like wood
n hibernal
wintry; wintery; of or like winter
become worse in quality; deteriorate; ADJ: having become worse; Ex. a degenerate species; N: depraved or corrupt person
n badger
pester; annoy continually with demands; persuade by asking again and again; Ex. The children badgered me into taking them into the cinema; N: a kind of mountain animal
slightly obscure; misty; unclear; N. haze: light mist or smoke; confused state of mind
n interpolate
insert between
n dismiss
eliminate from consideration; no longer consider; put out of court without further hearing; reject; discharge from employment; direct to leave; ADJ. dismissive; N. dismissal
sum; total; ADJ. V: gather into a mass or whole; accumulate; add up to; Ex. aggregate 100 dollars
conclusion; concluding part
n meander
wind or turn in its course; follow a winding or turning course; move aimlessly and idly
s license
official or legal permission; latitude of action or speech; excessive freedom that causes harm or damage; V.
s matin\'ee(matinee)
dramatic or musical performance given in the afternoon
stick fast; be a devotd follower; N. adhesion: adhering; devotion; loyality
make thin; weaken
refine (a liquid by evaporating and subsequent condensation); concentrate; separate the most important parts from; Ex. distill fresh water from sea water; CF. brew
seasonings; spices
comment; make explanatory notes
n insipid
lacking in flavor; lacking interest; dull; Ex. insipid food/character
n gnarled
n jettison
throw overboard (from a ship or plane)
s drip
fall or let fall in drops; shed drops; N: action or sound of falling in drops; liquid that falls in drops
friendship; peaceful relationship as between nations
forerunner (which foreshadows what is to come)
pertaining to marriage
slandering; aspersion; detracting; CF. detractor
s fussy
fastidious; finicky; easily upset
animals of a period or region; CF. flora
humoring; yielding; lenient; showing indulgence
n bludgeon
club; heavy-headed weapon; V.
n addendum
addition; appendix to book; something that is added (as at the end of a speech or book)
n berserk
mad with violent anger; frenzied; madly excited
not noticing; disregarding
n elixir
cure-all; panacea; something invigorating
consecrate; put oil on (in a religious ceremony)
without hope and courage; depressed; gloomy; N. despondency: loss of hope with gloom; dejection
disgrace; humiliate; debase in dignity; behave
n intimate
hint; suggest; imply; ADJ: marked by close relationship; familiar; private; personal; Ex. intimate knowledge/thoughts in the diary; N: close friend or confidant; CF. intimacy
growing by addition; accumulative
s natal
connected with birth; CF. prenatal; CF. postnatal
make amends for (a sin)
n maverick
rebel; nonconformist (in a group)
n litotes
understatement for emphasis; Ex. ``not bad(=pretty good)''
s consonant
harmonious; in agreement; N.
s apiarist
person who keeps bees
s gerontology
study of the sociological phenomena associated with old age
n demure
(of a woman or child) grave; quiet and serious; coy; pretending to be demure
n agenda
items of business at a meeting
n munificent
very generous in giving; Ex. munificent benefactor; N. munificience
n credo
s pinnace
small boat
s ploy
strategem to gain an advantage; tactic; Ex. management ploy
n forsake
desert; abandon; renounce
opposite; ADJ.
highest point; the point farthest from the earth; OP. perigee
wishing evil; exhibiting ill will; N. malevolence
n canter
slow gallop; V. CF. trot
n haggle
argue about prices (in an attempt to bargain)
s galley
low ship with sails (rowed along by slaves)
s spoilsport
one who spoils the pleasure of others
s confide
tell in confidence (to a person one trusts); be confident about
combine; produce by combining; increase; make worse by adding to or increasing; exacerbate; Ex. compound an error; ADJ: consisting of two or more parts; N: combination of two or more parts; area enclosed by a wall containing a group of buildings; Ex. factory compound; CF. complex
person who establishes (an organization or business)
n functionary
official (who performs a particular function)
s miscellaneous
made up of a variety of parts
s undertaker
funeral director; one whose business is to arrange burials
n begrudge
envy; give or allow unwillingly; grudge; Ex. We shouldn't begrudge him his success.
n apprehensive
fearful; discerning
s heed
pay attention to; N: close attention
free from an entanglement or difficulty; disentangle
speak in favor of; support (an idea or plan); urge; plead for
n duress
forcible restraint, especially unlawfully; coercion by threat; illegal coercion; Ex. a promise made under duress
s romp
play or frolic boisterously; gambol; N.
s sneak
move, give, or take in a quiet, stealthy way; N: one who sneaks; ADJ. sneaky
depart secretly and hide
n manifold
many in number or kind; numerous; varied
n dyspeptic
suffering from indigestion; N. dyspepsia: indigestion; difficulty in digesting food
n arroyo
gully; narrow channel formed by rainwater
s surge
powerful movement of or like a wave; V.
n litigation
lawsuit; N. litigant: one party in a lawsuit; V. litigate
n ingratiate
become popular with; bring (oneself) in favor of another; Ex. ingratiate himself with the boss
n bilious
suffering from indigestion; sick from having too much bile; irritable; easily irritated
assuming a false identity; masquerade; CF. impostor
soothing or softening remedy (for the skin); ADJ.
n grouse
complain; fuss; grumble; grouch; N: plump chickenlike game bird
n engage
attract; employ; hire; pledge oneself; confront; fight; enter into confliction; interlock; lock together; participate; N. engagement: agreement to marry; arrangement to meet someone or to do something; battle
n arduous
hard; strenuous; Ex. arduous work
brief and compact
flowing into
n bigotry
stubborn intolerance
n dogged
determined; stubborn; stubbornly persevering; tenacious; Ex. Inspector Javert's dogged pursuit of Jean Valjean
thin and wasted (from hunger or illness)
begin formally; install in office; induct into office by a formal ceremony; N. inauguration; ADJ. inaugural
active enmity
n giddy
light-hearted; not serious; frivolous; dizzy; causing dizziness; Ex. giddy youth; Ex. giddy climb/height
n brunt
main impact or shock (of an attack or blow); Ex. brunt of the argument
obligatory; compulsory; of a mandate
distribute; spread; scatter (like seeds)
s scrappy
pertaining to the brain or intellect; intellectual rather than emotional; CF. cerebrum
n amok(amuck)
in a state of rage; Ex. run amok
n glean
gather leavings; gather grain left behind by reapers; gather bit by bit (facts or information) often with difficulty
s distinct
clearly different; clearly noticed
n corrugated
wrinkled; ridged
n histrionic
theatrical; excessively dramatic or emotional; affected; of actors or acting; N. histrionics: histrionic behavior
s flirt
behave in a way that attracts (sexual) attention; deal triflingly with; N: one (or woman) given to flirting; ADJ. flirtatious
n bacchanalian
n caldron(cauldron)
large kettle
oppose with arguments; attempt to refute; contradict; ADJ. controversial; N. controversy
dismay; shock deeply
treatment or situation that causes shame or loss of dignity, respect; offensive or insulting treatment; humiliating or degrading treatment; Ex. I suffered the indignity of having to say that in front of them.
essential; inherent; built-in
poor; destitute
n catalyst
agent which brings about a chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged; CF. catalysis
s wholesome
conducive to mental or physical health; healthful
s wretch
miserable person; bad or despicable person; ADJ. wretched: miserable; bad; contemptible; vile
arrest (a criminal); dread; perceive; N. apprehension
n gourmet
connoisseur of food and drink; epicure
beg; plead with
teachings in general; particular principle (religious, legal, etc.) taught; dogma; tenet; ADJ. doctrinal
n blasphemy
irreverence; sacrilege; cursing; bad language about God or holy things; V. blasphem; ADJ. blasphemous; CF. sacrilege
critical remark; V. animadvert: comment critically with disapproval
s violate
break (a law); defile; desecrate; assault sexually; Ex. violate graves
n apiary
a place where bees are kept
hollow; curved inwards; OP. convex
with identity concealed; using an assumed name; ADJ.
deep-rooted; habitual; CF. grow old
correct; change ; generally for the better
n incapacitate
disable; N. incapacity: lack of capacity
n faction
party; clique (within a large group); dissension
secret; hidden; implied; OP. overt
profane; violate the sanctity of
n luminary
celebrity (in a specific field); dignitary; object that gives light (as a celestial body)
approve; support; tolerate; Ex. countenance his rude behavior; N: face; appearance
hard; inflexible
n mesmerize
hypnotize; N. mesmerism; CF. Franz Mesmer
n founder
fail completely; sink; CF. flounder
n brindled
tawny or grayish with streaks or spots (of animals)
argumentative; fond of argument
relating to the back of an animal; Ex. dorsal fin
n granulate
form into grains or granules; N. granule: grain or particle
s sovereign
ruler in a monarchy; ADJ: (of a country) independent and self-governing; having supreme power; supreme; excellent
n gait
manner of walking or running; speed
pertaining to passionate love or sexual love
s zest
outer skin of an orange used for giving a special taste to food; spice; interest; flavor; spirited enjoyment; Ex. add a certain zest to the affair; Ex. zest for life
thwart; defeat; prevent from accomplishing a purpose
n bungle
mismanage; blunder; botch; blow; spoil by clumsy behavior
endanger; imperil; put at risk; N. jeopardy: danger
one who studies the skin and its diseases
n frieze
ornamental horizontal band on a wall
s crinkle
n interregnum
period between two successive reigns or governments
n factitious
artificial; produced artificially; sham; false; Ex. factitious tears
help bring about; make less difficult
without money
n memento
token; reminder of the past; keepsake; Ex. memento of your visit
showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm; boiling; N. ebullience; N. ebullition: state of boiling
n equivocal
(of words or statements) ambiguous; intentionally misleading; (of behavior) questionable; OP. unequivocal
n distrait
absentminded; distracted
every two years
medieval chemistry
beautiful writing; excellent penmanship
s shove
push forward; push roughly; Ex. pushing and shoving to get on the bus; N.
(derog.) bestow courtesies with a superior air; descend to the level of one considered inferior
annoy by repeated attacks
n hackles
hairs on back and neck, especially of a dog; Ex. make someone's hackles rise
n missive
letter; written statement; CF. sent
gross lewdness; lustfulness; ADJ. lecherous; N. lecher: lecherous man
surround with armed forces; harass (with requests); annoy continually
signs; indications; Ex. indices of a student's potential; CF. index: something that reveals or indicates; sign; Ex. cost-of-living index
n balmy
soft and mild (of air); fragrant
s glamor
compelling charm; ADJ. glamorous
n headlong
hasty; rash; headfirst; ADV.
s hive
box for bees; V: cause to go in a hive
hostility; active opposition; V. antagonize: cause to become an enemy; N. antagonist: person who is opposed to another; opponent; adversary; principal character in oppostion to the protagonist
n choreography
art of representing dances in written symbols; arrangement of dances
pertaining to land or its cultivation; Ex. agrarian reform
science of sound; quality that makes a room easy or hard to hear in
n gusto
eager enjoyment; zest; enthusiasm
puzzle; mystery; ADJ. enigmatic: obscure; puzzling
link as in a chain
n fret
be annoyed or vexed; Ex. fret over your poor grades; N: irritation of mind; ADJ. fretful
decay; fall to a lower level (of morality, civilization, or art); ADJ. decadent
motherly; N. maternity: motherhood
n chafe
warm by rubbing; make sore by rubbing; N.
s dribble
flow or fall in drops; let saliva flow out slowly from the mouth; move a ball; N.
eat away; wear away gradually by abrasion; Ex. The sea erodes the rocks.
rubbing away by friction; gradual decrease in numbers or strength; reduction in the work force without firing employees; wearing away of opposition by means of harassment; Ex. a war of attrition
fragrant; having a sweet smell; N. aroma: strong pleasant smell
noisy quarrel
impressiveness; stateliness; majesty
n modicum
limited quantity; small amount; Ex. He does not have a modicum of sense; CF. moderate
abnormal; irregular
n gambol
romp; skip about; leap about playfully; frolic; N.
weak; N. frailty
tyrant; harsh, authoritarian ruler; CF. despotism
s incident
event; event that causes a crisis
s oath
solemn promise; blasphemous use of sacred words to express strong feelings; swear-word; Ex. ``For Christ's sake''
uncertain how to act; weak; lacking in resolution; indecisive; N. irresolution
n cantata
story set to music to be sung by a chorus (shorter than an oratorio)
tending toward the center
n mulct
defraud a person of something; swindle; Ex. mulct the boy of his legacy
n communal
held in common; public; of a group of people; of a commune
division into two opposite parts; split; branching into two parts (especially contradictory ones)
act of assuming a human body and human nature; one who personifies something; personification; Ex. previous incarnation/reincarnation
incapable of being pacified; impossible to appease; Ex. implacable enemy
make desolate; forsake; abandon and desert
place of refuge or shelter; protection (religious or political)
complete; necessary for completeness; Ex. integral part
someone who eats too much; ADJ. gluttonous: given to gluttony; greedy; CF. gluttony: habit of eating too much
treat with scorn or contempt
easily burned; N. CF. combustion
partnership; league; union of separate political parties
refusal to yield; resistance; V. defy; ADJ. defiant
n holster
leather pistol case (that hangs on a belt around the waist)
n abate
subside or moderate
s derivation
deriving; origin or source of something; Ex. the derivation of the word
n mite
very small object or insect-like creature; small coin
s dainty
delicate; delicately beautiful; fastidious; not easy to please; Ex. dainty movement/dress
mak less severe; ease or lessen (pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger)
participation; involvement (in a questionable act or a crime)
neat; skillful
n morbid
given to unwholesome or unhealthy thought; moody; characteristic of disease; Ex. morbid curiosity; N. morbidity; CF. disease
give protection (by giving food and shelter); provide a refuge for; hide; keep in mind (thoughts or feelings); Ex. harbor a grudge/criminal; N: place of shelter; refuge
stubborn and disobedient; resisting authority (esp. disobedient to an order made by a court)
work together; cooperate treasonably with the enemy
put into effect; enforce; carry out; supply with tools; Ex. implement the plan/suggestion; N: tool or instrument
joyous; celebratory; relating to a feast or festival
n mortify
humiliate by embarassing excessively; shame; punish the flesh; discipline (one's body) by self-denial; Ex. mortified by her blunder; Ex. mortify the flesh; CF. cause to die
scanty; inadequate
n lithe
flexible; supple; CF. limber
unprejudiced; free from bias and self-interest; objective
n fetid(foetid)
malodorous; foul
n benefit
advantage; anything that brings helpl, advantage, or profit; money provided by the government to the people; fund-raising public entertainment; Ex. unemployment benefit; V: receive benefits; be beneficial to; give benefits
n doldrums
blues; listlessness(lack of spirit or energy); slack(inactive) period; period of stagnation; ocean area near the equator where ships cannot move because there is no wind; Ex. in the doldrums
s vile
despicable; unpleasant; disgusting; Ex. vile slander
n elysian
relating to paradise; blissful
provide with some quality; endow
assertion; claim; thesis; struggling; competition
n glut
overstock; fill beyond capacity (with food); fill to excess; N: oversupply
serious or fatal accident; person killed or wounded in an accident or battle
essential quality; V: ascribe; explain
mixture of writings on various subjects; collection of various items
prevent by taking action in advance
s gross
total; fragrant; clearly wrong; (of people's behavior) coarse; corpulent; Ex. gross insolence/behavior; V: earn as a total amount; N: 12 dozens
rate of occurrence; particular occurrence; Ex. high incidence of infant mortality
n impeach
charge (a public official) with crime in office; raise doubts about; indict; Ex. impeach a witness's credibility
s forfeit
something surrendered as punishment for a crime or breach of contract; V: lose as a forfeit; N. forfeiture
unsuccessful; fruitless
clumsy; not skillful; awkward; bungling
make greater; increase in power, wealth, rank, or honor; N. aggrandizement
s bliss
complete happiness; ADJ. blissful
(of costs or demands) excessive; exceeding reasonable bounds
state of being immovable
n hermetic
sealed by fusion so as to be airtight; airtight
direct a speech to; speak to; deal with or discuss; direct one's efforts or attention to; make with a destination; N: formal speech
n amalgam
combination of different things; mixture of metals (containing mercury) used for filling holes in teeth
spacious and comfortable
give up; do without
s nectar
drink of the gods; sweet liquid collected by bees
not spacious; inconvenient
right or privilege granted by authority; right to vote; license to sell a product in a particular territory
s inebriate
make drunk; intoxicate; N. intoxicated person
s peevish
bad-tempered; irritable; V. peeve: make angry
familiar with; having knowledge of
s crochet
make (a piece of needlework) by looping thread with a hooked needle; N. CF. crotchet
bold; fearless
n delve
dig; search deeply; investigate
intimidate; frighten; discourage; dishearten
not to be taken away; nontransferable; Ex. inalienable rights
religious image; idol; image or representation
operatic solo; a song sung by one person in an opera or oratorio
n bard
helpful; contributive; V. conduce; Ex. conduce to/towards
irreverence; lack of respect for God or piety
withholding belief; skeptical; showing disbelief
loiter; hang around; waste time doing nothing
complete; V.
diabolic; devilish; fiendish
n magisterial
authoritative; imperious; commanding; of a magistrate; Ex. magisterial study of Roman law; Ex. magisterial manner
pertaining to induction or proceeding from the specific to the general
general agreement; opinion reached by a group
n hirsute
hairy; having a lot of hair
n bandy
discuss lightly or glibly; discuss in a frivolous manner; exchange (words) heatedly; quarrel; Ex. bandy words with
n gorge
narrow canyon; steep rocky cleft; ravine (made by a stream which runs through it)
n diffuse
wordy; verbose; rambling; spread out (like a gas); V: spread out in all directions; disperse; N. diffusion; CF. suffuse
n low
moo; make the sound of a cow
subordinating the individual to the state; completely dominating another's will; Ex. authoritarian regime/father
hiding place; V.
rudeness without any sense of shame; shameless boldness; presumptousness; nerve; cheek
n entree(entr\'ee)
entrance; a way in; right to enter; main dish of a meal; Ex. entree into the exclusive circle
s dominate
control; rule; enjoy a commanding position in; overlook from a height; ³»·Á´Ùº¸´Ù
settle a dispute through the services of an outsider; act as an intermediary; produce by mediating; Ex. mediate a cease-fire
something that discourages or deters
forbiddingly stern; ascetic; without comfort or enjoyment; severely simple and unornamented; Ex. a monk's austere life; Ex. austere grandeur of the cathedral; N. austerity
n genuflect
bend the knee as in worship
n enterprising
full of initiative; showing enterprise
n coy
shy (flirtatiously); showing a (pretended) lack of self-confidence; modest; coquettish; CF. job offer¸¦ ¹Þ¾ÒÀ» ¶§
s stately
formal; ceremonious; grand in style or size; majestic
n extrude
force or push out; thrust out; shape (plastic or metal) by forcing through a die
serving as an aid or accessory; auxiliary; N.
s scowl
frown angrily; N: angry frown
n inane
silly; senseless; Ex. inane remarks; N. inanity
n dingy
(of things and place) dirty and dull; Ex. dingy street/curtain
ridicule; treat with contempt; make fun of; OP. respect
s boor
rude, insensitive person
s mar
spoil the appearance of
weaken; take away energy from
s peddle
travel about selling (wares); CF. foot
ecclesiastical; pertaining to the church; N: minister; priest; cleric; clergyman
n miasma
swamp gas; heavy vaporous atmosphere often emanating from decaying matter; pervasive corrupting influence; noxious atmosphere or influence
n kudos
honor; glory; acclaim or praise for exceptional achievement
skillful (in using mind or hand)
not able to be pierced or entered; beyond understanding; impossible to understand; Ex. impenetrable mystery
n cant
insincere speech or expression of piety; jargon of thieves; special words used by a particular group of people
n cavalier
casual and offhand; arrogant; N: knight
not native; from another part of the world; strange; intriguingly unusual; Ex. exotic flower/dress
unsuited; inappropriate; lacking skill; incompetent; CF. inapt: (of statements or ideas) inappropriate
fluent (with insincerity or superficiality); facile; slick
n distant
reserved or aloof; cold in manner; Ex. distant greeting; ADV. distantly
s intermediary
intermediate; acting as a mediator; N: mediator; go-between
n labile
likely to change; unstable; Ex. emotionally labile; N. lability
n impolitic
not wise; not expedient; not politic
prove genuine
s hem
surround tightly so that movement is impossible; Ex. hem in; N.
n browse
graze; feed on growing grass; skim or glance at casually
hackneyed; commonplace; trite; lacking originality; clich\'ed
s straggle
stray or fall behind (a main group); spread out in a scattered group; Ex. straggling marathon racer; Ex. straggling branch
s groove
long narrow channel made in a surface to guide the movement of something; Ex. groove of the record
n commemorative
remembering; honoring the memory of; Ex. commemorative stamp
n machinations
evil schemes or plots; schemes or plots to achieve an evil end; V. machinate
n insensate
without feeling; lacking sense; foolish
chief; first; Ex. archbishop
n crone
hag; ugly old woman
having a common center
self-satisfaction; smugness; ADJ. complacent
destruction of life; slaughter; killing of large numbers of people or animals
selective; composed of elements drawn from disparate sources; selecting individual elements from a variety of sources; N. eclecticism
examine and compare in order to verify authenticity; arrange in order (the sheets of a book before they are bound)
s entourage
group of attendants; retinue; CF. surround
n dumbfound(dumfound)
astonish (making dumb); ADJ. dumbfounded, dumfounded, dumbstruck
s haunt
(of a spirit) visit (a place); come to mind continually; visit (a place) regularly; frequent; Ex. haunted house; Ex. haunted by his last words; N: place much frequented
demanding much work or care; tedious
prophetic; pertaining to revelations especially of disaster; N. apocalypse
n coquette
flirt; flirtatious woman; woman who tries to attract the admiration of men without sincere feelings; V.
(in ancient Rome) overseer of morals (also taking the census); person who eliminates inappropriate matter; V.
s swear
vow; promise; use profane oaths; use offensive words
n exasperate
vex; annoy or make angry (by testing the patience)
s ferocious
fierce; violent; N. ferocity
systematic; N. method: systematic method of procedure
greed (for wealth); CF. cupid; CF. Cupid
n animus
hostile feeling or intent; animosity; hostility; disposition
prank; flighty conduct; reckless adventure that disobeys rules
n moodiness
fits of depression or gloom; ADJ. moody: given to changeable moods; subject to periods of depression; gloomy CF. mood: state of mind or emotion
n homily
sermon; tedious moralizing lecture; serious warning; ADJ. homiletic
n amiss
wrong; faulty; Ex. something amiss; ADV.
n camaraderie
good-fellowship; CF. comrade
n domicile
home; V. ADJ. domiciled: having one's domicile; Ex. He is domiciled in Britain.
s slick
make smooth or glossy; N: smooth surface; Ex. oil slick; ADJ: smooth; glossy; deftly executed; adroit; glib
lessen sadness or disappointment; give comfort; allay the sorrow of; N. consolation
n expropriate
take possession of (often for public use and without payment)
s attire
clothe; N: clothing; array; apparel
deserving blame; blameworthy
enthusiastic follower; enthusiast; Ex. devotee of Bach
n husband
use sparingly; conserve; save; Ex. husband one's energy; CF. house holder
n flick
light stroke as with a whip; V: move with a light quick blow; strike with a light quick blow (as from a whip); Ex. flick the switch
recognize; admit
sharpness (of mind or senses of sight or hearing)
injure; hurt; damage
n dappled
n acetic
n moratorium
legal delay of payment or action; Ex. declare moratorium on the building of new houses
s indecision
irresolution; inability to make up one's mind
destroy or wear away gradually by chemical action (over a long period)
n extol
praise very highly; glorify
s jurisdiction
right and power to apply the law; authority
n indubitable
unable to be doubted; which cannot be doubted; unquestionable
n foolhardy
rash; reckless; foolishly daring
marked by inventive skill; clever; resourceful; N. ingenuity
n charlatan
quack; pretender to knowledge (esp. in medicine)
n ewe
female sheep
n confidant(confidante)
trusted friend (to whom one tells one's secret)
testify; bear witness
n enrapture
please intensely; fill with rapture and delight
n cistern
reservoir or water tank
n clapper
striker (tongue) of a bell
punishment; severe criticism or disapproval
feel or express pity or sympathy for
small planet
sharpness; roughness; severity (of temper or weather); Ex. asperities of a Russian winter
nimbleness; ability to move quickly
twist out of shape; give a false account of; misrepresent; N. distortion
s flighty
(esp. of a woman's behavior) capricious; often changing, esp. from one lover to another; impulsive
s queer
strange; eccentric; deviating from the normal
s dull
(of colors or surfaces) not bright; cloudy; overcast; boring; (of edge or sound) not sharp; not rapid; sluggish; slow in thinking and understanding; stupid; V.
posion; cause of ruin; ADJ. baneful: harmful; poisonous
n drone
talk dully; buzz or murmur like a bee; N.
s hurl
throw forcefully; shout out violently
knowledge; ADJ. cognizant; having knowledge; aware
s compulsory
obligatory; that must be done
n ken
range of knowledge; Ex. beyond one's ken
s chip
lose a small piece from the surface or edge; N: small piece broken off something; CF. French fry; Potato chip/crisp
s consanguineous(consanguine)
having a common ancestor
s glare
shine intensely and blindingly; stare fixedly and angrily; N.
harm someone's reputation; malign; speak evil of; slander; N. defamation; ADJ. defamatory
unfairness; ADJ. inequitable
combative; bellicose; N.
being in debt; money that should have been paid; work that should have been done
n adjutant
staff officer assisting the commander; assistant
n deign
condescend; stoop
s edifice
building (of imposing size)
(appreciatively) cutting; sharp; Ex. incisive remarks; V. incise: make a cut into
prevailing style; current fashion; manner; way of doing something; Ex. in the latest mode; Ex. simple mode of life
n multifarious
varied; greatly diversified; Ex. multifarious activities
s compost
mixture of decaying organic matter used as fertilizer; V: put or make compost
n dinghy
small boat (often ship's boat)
s odds
chances; probability; disagreement; Ex. The odds are that it will rain. Ex. at odds with
tending to cause death; highly injurious; aggressively malevolent; Ex. malignant tumor
n aquiline
curved; hooked; of or like an eagle; Ex. aquiline nose
strategic military or naval movement (done for training purposes); carefully planned process; stratagem; V: carry out a military maneuver; use maneuvers in gaining an end
n mottled
blotched in coloring; spotted; Ex. mottled face; V. mottle: mark with blotches of different colors
s dissonance
machine that separates substances by whirling them
n besmirch
soil; defile; make dirty
s championship
position of champion; defense or support; competition held to determine a champion
harmony; accord
s fathomless
too deep to be measured or understood; unfathomable
n ample
enough; abundant; spacious; large in size; Ex. ample opportunity/garden; N. amplitude: quality of being ample; abundance; largeness of space
unselfishly generous; concerned for others; N. altiruism: unselfish concern for the welfare of others; unselfishness; OP. egoism
s persist
continue in existence; last; continue in a course of action in spite of opposition; Ex. persist in/with something; ADJ. persistent
enclose; place in something; fix firmly in a surrounding mass
s flip
send (something) spinning, often into the air, by striking with a light quick blow; turn over; Ex. flip over
n beholden
obligated; indebted; owing thanks; obliged or indebted from gratitude
n muggy
(of weather) warm and damp
n impute
attribute; ascribe; charge; N. imputation
curse; express abhorrence for; detest
leave to someone by means of a will; hand down in his will; N. bequest
great hardship or affliction; misfortune; calamitous event
n asinine
stupid; Ex. asinine remarks
having lost one's original power; barren; worn out; exhausted
s curb
chain or strap used with a bit to restrain a horse; something that checks; V: check; restrain
not able to be perceived by touch; vague
destruction; V. demolish
s submerge
place under water; dip; go under water; cover completely (as with water); Ex. submerged in work
harmony; agreement with established rules or customs; similarity; Ex. behave in conformity with; V. conform: be similar; act in agreement; comply; Ex. conform to the rule; CF. conformance
n doctrinaire
unable to compromise about points of doctrine; dogmatic; unyielding; marked by inflexible attachment to a doctrine without regard to its practical difficulties
s blues
state of depression or melancholy; style of slow, mournful music (evolved from southern Black American songs)
n inchoate
(of desire, wish, plan) recently begun; not explicit; at the beginning of development; rudimentary; elementary; Ex. inchoate mass
n gavel
hammerlike tool; mallet(wooden hammer) used by a presiding officer or an auctioneer; V.
s clot
half-solid lump formed from a liquid (or blood); V.
s qualify
reach a necessary standard; limit the meaning of something stated
s thesis
opinion put forward and supported by reasoned arguments
changing its habitat; wandering; Ex. migrant birds/workers; N: one that migrates
n bombardment
attack (as with missiles or bombs); V. bombard
assemble; gather; accumulate; make (a report or a book) from facts and information found in various places; Ex. compile a dictionary
worsen; aggravate; embitter
n lout
clumsy person; ADJ. loutish; CF. from countrysides ?
n heterodox
(of beliefs) against accepted opinion; unorthodox; unconventional
think over; ponder
supporter; voter; member of a constituency; component
n ashen
ash-colored; deadly pale
decorate with needlework; ornament (a story) with fancy or fictitious details; embellish
s militia
army composed of ordinary citizens rather than professional soldiers
act as judge (at the request of both sides)
kill (usually one out of ten or every tenth man); destroy or kill a large part of
n bedraggle
wet thoroughly; ADJ. bedraggled: draggled
having human form or characteristics
immediate insight; power of knowing without reasoning; ADJ. intuitive; V. intuit: know by intuition
incriminate; involve incriminatingly; show to be involved (in a crime); Ex. implicate someone in the crime
long established as a disease
approach and speak first to a person
n appellation
name; title
n certitude
one who hates mankind; misanthropist
dedicate; sanctify; declare as sacred; Ex. consecrate one's life to helping the poor
individual trait usually odd in nature; behavioral peculiarity; eccentricity; attitude, behavior, or opinion peculiar to a person; anything highly individual or eccentric; ADJ. idiosyncratic
taking for one's own use in violation of trust; stealing (of money placed in one's care)
disconnected; lacking coherence; V. disjoint: disconnect; disjoin
deceiving; based on illusion; causing illusion; deceptive
pardon (an offense)
beginning; origin
n addle
make or become confused; muddle; drive crazy; become rotten (egg)
person competent to act as a judge of art, etc. (whose judgments are respected); a lover of an art
n laconic
brief and to the point; using few words; terse
s embitter
make bitter; fill with painful or bitter feelings; make sad and angry; Ex. He was embittered by many disappointments.
malicious misrepresentation; slander
n crabbed
sour; bad-tempered; peevish; difficult to read as handwriting
s historical
connected with history; based on events in history (whether regarded as important or not)
s ingenue
ing\'enue; young innocent girl
n dutiful(duteous)
(of people or their behavior) respectful; obedient (filled with a sense of duty)
n grisly
ghastly; horrifying; Ex. grisly remains of the bodies
s hereafter
life after death
n disclaim
disown; renounce claim to; deny; CF. disclaimer
n inimical
(of someone) unfriendly; hostile; (of something) harmful; detrimental; CF. enemy
s malapropos
inappropriate; ADV.
n mawkish
mushy(sentimental) and gushy; icky-sticky sentimental; excessively and objectionably sentimental
pollute; make filthy or dirty; corrupt morally; profane; desecrate; N: narrow passage or gorge through mountains
n invidious
designed to create ill will or envy; tending to rouse ill will or envy; Ex. invidious comparison
n humdrum
dull; monotonous
n hoary
white with age
n hapless
unfortunate; luckless
s jumble
mix in a confused way
s hindsight
understanding the nature of an event after it has actually happened
dead; no longer in use or existence
s geriatrics
medical treatment and care of old age
n genteel
well-bred; elegant; striving to convey an appearance of refinement; Ex. genteel poverty
n incrustation
hard coating or crust; V. incrust: encrust; cover with a crust
s constituency
voters represented by an elected official; district so represented; group of supporters (or constituents)
impossible to recover or regain; CF. retrieve
n esoteric
hard to understand; known only to the chosen few, esp. initiates; N. esoterica
s monograph
scholarly article
s chaplain
clergyman attached to a chapel
spread out (troops) in an extended though shallow battle line; distribute (persons or forces) systematically or strategically
damp; N. humidity
n garnish
decorate; add a garnish to; decorate (food or drink) with small items such as lemon slices; N.
n circumspect
prudent; cautious; acting after careful thought
s maleficient
doing evil; N. maleficience
act of extreme violence or viciousness; resentful anger; V: commit an outrage on; produce anger in; ADJ. outrageous: offensive
brief explanation of words used in the text
s fuss:
trouble or worry over trifles; make nervous; pay too much attention to; N: needless concern or worry (about a trivial thing); anxious nervous condition; display of attention; Ex. make a fuss over the baby
s crossbreed
hybridize; N: hybrid; CF. interbreed; CF. inbreed
s poise
good judgment with composure; balance; V: place in a carefully balanced position
n euphoria
feeling of exaggerated or unfounded(ungrounded; baseless) well-being; feeling of great happiness or well-being (when unreasonable); ADJ. euphoriaric
drive or force onward; drive to take action; urge to action
s primate
group of mammals including humans
entice; attract; tempt
n determinate
having a fixed order of procedure; precisely defined; invariable; fixed; conclusive; final
n dispirited
lacking in spirit
n flair
suggested or implied meaning of an expression; V. connote
n halcyon
calm; peaceful; Ex. halcyon days
n celibate
abstaining from sexual intercourse; unmarried; N. celibacy
offering or providing help; additional or subsidiary; N: helper; assistant
s mute
silent; without speech; not pronounced; unable to speak; N: one who is incapable of speech; V: soften the sound, color, shade of
n clime
n comport
bear one's self; behave; Ex. comport oneself; N. comportment
n collation
a light meal; collating
opinionated; holding stubbornly to one's opinion; arbitrary; doctrinal
n impugn
dispute or contradict (often in an insulting way); attack as false or questionable; challenge; gainsay; CF. fight
n dwindle
shrink; reduce gradually
of the same kind; uniform in composition throughout
n array
marshal; draw up in order; arrange in order; clothe splendidly; adorn; N: fine clothes; ordered group; Ex. in battle array
hopelessly sad (at the loss of something)
s personify
represent (an inanimate object) as a person; be the embodiment or perfect example of; Ex. She is evil/patience personified; N. personification
security given for loan; ADJ: secondary; descended from the same person but through different sons or daughters
enclosure for birds; large cage
brutal deed; ADJ. atrocious
calm; pacify
n hale
n frantic
wild; distraught as from fear or worry; Ex. frantic with fear
substance that prevents infection in a wound; ADJ.
shut in an enclosed space; restrict; keep within limits; N. confinement
s ram
male sheep; V. strike or drive against with a heavy impact
unfriendliness; hatred; enmity; ADJ. hostile
n equivocate
use equivocal language to deceive people; lie; mislead; attempt to conceal the truth; N. equivocation
element that is a creature's natural environment; nutrient setting in which microorganisms are cultivated; appropriate occupation or means of expression; channel of communication; compromise; middle position between extremes; intervening substance through which something else is transmitted
s lunatic
insane; Ex. lunatic asylum
ceremonious quality; ceremonious adherence to rules; something done just for form's sake; Ex. mere formality
n flux
flowing; series of changes; fluctuation; Ex. in a state of flux
n cabal
small group of persons secretly united to promote their own interests
n barefaced
shameless and noticeable; blatant; bold; unconcealed; having no covering on the face; Ex. barefaced lie
seeker after position or status
without previous preparation; off the cuff(end of a sleeve); on the spur of the moment
burden; N. encumbrance
n garrulous
loquacious; wordy; talkative; N. garrulity
n d\'ecollet\'e
(of a dress) having a low-cut neckline; CF. d\'ecolletage: low neckline (on a dress)
conspiring in a fraudulent scheme to cheat or deceive others; V. collude
n atavism
resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents; reversion to an earlier type; throwback; ADJ. atavistic
n gamut
entire range
like a meteor; swift; momentarily brilliant; Ex. meteoric rise to fame; N. meteor
s artful
exhibiting art or skill; deceitful; cunning; CF. artifice
without feeling; expressionless; imperturbable; stoical; Ex. impassive face
s creep
move with body close to the ground; move stealthily or slowly; N.
n baleful
evil; malignant in intent or effect; deadly; having a malign influence; portending evil; ominous; threatening; Ex. baleful look
s impoverish
make poor; deprive of natural strength or something important; Ex. impoverished soil
n lampoon
ridicule; N: written attack ridiculing or satirizing a person, group, or institution
n coup
highly successful action or sudden attack; coup(s) d'\'etat; CF. coup de gr\^ace: deathblow or shot which kills
n gazette
official periodical publication; newspaper
n comity
courtesy; civility; Ex. comity of nations
s toss
throw lightly; move or lift (the head) with a sudden motion; flip (a coin) to decide something
n defeatist
resigned to defeat or failure; accepting defeat or failure as a natural outcome; N. CF. defeatism
n insalubrious
unwholesome; not healthful; Ex. insalubrious place
able to walk
s spin
rotate swiftly; make (thread) by twisting (cotton, wool, etc.); N.
s apiculture
person who enjoys his own pain; CF. masochism
n bravado
swagger; assumed air of defiance; false show of bravery
arranged by degrees (of height, difficulty, etc.)
sheer; transparent
refusal of any compromise; stubbornness; ADJ. intransigent: uncompromising
preoccupation with physical comforts and things; excessive regard for worldly concerns (rather than spiritual matters)
harmful; damaging; N. detriment
s impassioned
(of speech) filled with passion; fervent
change of form; Ex. metamorphosis of caterpillar to butterfly; V. metamorphose: change by metamorphosis
n malaise
uneasiness; vague feeling of ill health (without any particular pain or appearance of disease)
mentally quick and observant; having insight; perceptive; able to make good judgments; V. discern: perceive
binding; causing contraction (stopping bleeding); harsh or severe; stringent; Ex. astringent criticism
s invalid
one incapacitated(disabled) by a chronic illness; ADJ: incapacitated by illness; not valid; null; V: allow to leave (a military force) because of ill-health
surmise; guess; V.
s puzzle
baffle or confuse by a difficult problem; ponder over a problem in an effort to solve; clarify or solve by reasoning; Ex. puzzle out the answer; N.
n blandishment
small ring; band of gold, silver, jewel, etc. (worn on the head, arms, or neck as decoration)
suggestive; implying; serving to indicate
praise; N. ADJ. laudable: praiseworthy; ADJ. laudatory: expressing praise
self-important; significant; consequent; following as a result; Ex. consequential air; CF. subsequent
n chase
ornament a metal surface by indenting; follow rapidly to catch
loyalty; accuracy
n jocular
said or done in jest or playfully; marked by joking
excessive interest in one's self; belief that one should be interested in one's self rather than in others; selfishness; ADJ. egoistic, egoistical
solemn urging; V. adjure: entreat earnestly; enjoin solemnly
sparing in eating and drinking; temperate
hereditary nobility; privileged class; government by nobility; N. aristocrat
n aureole
sun's corona; halo; bright circle of light
n mollify
soothe an angry person
s analgesia
condition of being unable to feel pain
trying to please; obliging; willing to please others
oval building with tiers of seats; CF. arena
n advert
n anvil
iron block used in hammering out metals
n grueling
exhausting; Ex. grueling marathon race
n culvert
artificial channel for water; drain crossing under a road
n draconian
extremely severe; Ex. draconian punishment; CF. Draco: Athenian politician
s discriminate
distinguish; make distinctions on the basis of preference
s mantle
loose sleeveless outer garment; cloak; something that covers or envelops; the layer of the earth between the crust and the core
n garner
gather; store up; amass
n colander
utensil with perforated bottom used for straining
s pass_off
present falsely; represent falsely to be
absorb; take (food) into the body and digest it; understand (knowledge) completely and be able to use properly; cause to become homogeneous (the people of a country or race in the wasy of behaving or thinking)
s scraps
leftover food
set free; liberate
s brisk
quick and active; marked by liveliness and vigor
insolent; rude; not pertinent; N. impertinence
n gruff
rough-mannered; (of a voice) rough; hoarse
n lassitude
languor; weariness; listlessness
n morose
ill-humored; sullen; sullenly melancholy
n acerbity
bitterness of speech and temper; ADJ. acerbic: bitter; acrid (in taste, manner, or tone)
s curfew
regulation requiring all people to leave the streets at stated times; signal (as a bell) announcing the hour of a curfew
slingshot; hurling machine; V: fire from catapult
n azure
sky blue
the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes or opinions
n garbled
mixed up; jumbled; distorted; V. garble: mix up or distort (a message) to such an extent as to make misleading or unintelligible
n figurine
small ornamental statuette(very small statue)
state without proof
s elaborate
work out carefully; add more detail or information; ADJ.
n glutinous
sticky; viscous; gluey
supporter; follower
n carrion
rotting flesh of a dead body; CF. vulture
s mystic
of hidden meaning and spiritual power; Ex. mystic ceremonies; N. CF. mysticism
s juridical
of the law and its administration; CF. judicial: of courts of law; CF. judiciary
n aloof
apart; not open in one's relationship with other people; reserved; ADV.
energetic; vigorously active
arrange (laws or rules) as a code; classify; N. code: system of words used instead of ordinary writing; collection of laws, rules, established social customs
pious; deeply religious; sincere; earnest; Ex. my devout hope
two-chambered as a legislative body
s overwhelm
(of water) cover completely; defeat completely by much greater force; Ex. overwhelmed by grief
n bemoan
lament; moan for; express sorrow or disapproval of
s commemorate
honor the memory of; serve as a memorial to; Ex. commemorate the 100th anniversary/those who died in the war
ability to foresee future happenings; prudence in providing for the future
calamity ; disaster
n daub
smear (as with paint); cover with something sticky; Ex. daub one's clothes with mud/paint; N: small bit of sticky substance; Ex. a daub of paint
n asunder
into parts; apart; V. sunder
n heyday
time of greatest success or power; prime
s deserts
what someone deserves
unruly; difficult to manage; Ex. intractable problem/child
theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresentational
overwhelming; unbeatable; insuperable
accuse of or implicate in a crime; serve as evidence against; cause to seem or make guilty of a crime; Ex. incriminating evidence
substance that removes sensation with or without loss of consciousness; N. anesthesia
joking talk; good-naturedly ridiculing; N.V. banter
liable to err
n musky
having the odor of musk; N. musk: odorous substance secreted by an Asian deer
n isthmus
narrow neck of land connecting two larger bodies of land
n inebriated
habitually intoxicated; drunk; N. inebriety
preventing infection; having a cleansing effect
n instigate
start; urge; provoke; incite; Ex. instigate a search/quarrel
state of being self-contradictory; lack of uniformity or steadiness; ADJ. inconsistent: displaying a lack of consistency; erratic; contradictory; incompatible
restrain; prohibit; retard or prevent; N. inhibition
dummy; likeness of a person made of wood, paper, or stone; Ex. burn an effigy of the President
hard unpleasant work; menial work
arrangement by rank or standing; authoritarian body divided into ranks; body of persons having authority
n epitaph
inscription in memory of a dead person (as on a tombstone)
s kneel
go down on one's knee(s)
operatic singer; prima donna
s sheer
pure; thin and transparent; very steep
n churlish
boorish; rude; N. churl: boor; yahoo
s institute
organization for a special purpose; V: establish
n flotsam
drifting wreckage
wandering; V. migrate: move from one region and settle in another; move periodically from one region to another
s exquisite
delicate; very finely made; extremely beautiful; Ex. exquisite piece of jewelry
n flay
strip off skin; plunder; remove the skin from; criticize harshly
n lagoon
shallow body of water or lake near a sea; lake separated from a sea by sandbars or coral reefs
n continence
self-restraint; sexual chastity; sexual abstinence; voluntary control over bladder and bowel functions; ADJ. continent
n abet
assist usually in doing something wrong; encourage
heavy and awkward to carry or wear; burdensome; Ex. cumbersome parcel/uniform
counterfeit; not authentic; intentionally false; Ex. bogus interview
n bawdy
indecent; obscene; about sex in a rude funny way; CF. bawd
efficiency or conciseness in using something; thrifty management of resources
n cauterize
burn (a wound or snakebite, etc.) with hot iron or caustic substance to stop bleeding and prevent infection
n aplomb
poise; composure in difficult situations; assurance; self-confidence
s graduate
arrange into categories or grades; divide into marked intervals (for use in measurement); Ex. graduated ruler
n lull
moment of calm; period of reduced activity; Ex. a lull in the rain; V: cause to become less active; cause to sleep or rest; Ex. lull the opponents into a false sense of security; CF. lullaby
arouse to action; goad; motivate; induce to exist; Ex. incite a riot/the crowd to rebellion
n maelstrom
violent whirlpool; violent or tublent situation; CF. stream
n debunk
expose as false, exaggerated, worthless, etc.; ridicule
warmly friendly; gracious; heartfelt; Ex. cordial welcome
introduce something into a larger whole; include; embody; give material form to; ADJ.
n menial
suitable for servants; lowly; mean; N: someone who does menial work (esp. servant in a house)
s dispense
distribute; prepare and give out (medicines); N. dispensation: dispensing; religious system; official exemption from an obligation or a rule
hindrance; stumbling-block; speech defect preventing clear articulation; Ex. speech impediment
unoriginal; obtained from another source; Ex. derivative prose style; N.
s judiciary
judicial branch of government
one who is skeptical of the existence or knowability of a god or any ultimate reality
having to do with knowing or perceiving related to the mental processes; N. cognition: the mental process of knowing
n habituate
accustom or familiarize; addict
similarity; parallelism; comparing two similar things
denoting a widely used temperature scale (basically same as Celsius)
n chisel
swindle or cheat; N: wedgelike tool for cutting
n filial
pertaining to or befitting a son or daughter; Ex. filial respect
n bouillon
clear beef (or meat) soup
fantastic; comically hideous; strange and unnatural (causing fear or amusement)
n avid
greedy; extremely eager for; Ex. avid learner; N. avidity
admit; acknowledge as being true (often reluctantly); yield; grant; Ex. concede a goal
cowlike; placid and dull; slow-thinking; calm
s collected
composed; calm; self-possessed
repetition of beginning sound in poetry
conformity in fulfilling requirements; readiness to yield; disposition to yield to others; V. comply
take (private property) for military use without needing permission or giving payment; draft for military purposes
n bluster
blow in heavy gusts; threaten emptily; bully; speak in a noisy or bullying manner; CF. breeze, gust, gale
n ferret
drive or hunt out of hiding; hunt with ferrets; drive out (as from a hiding place); expel; uncover or discover by searching; Ex. ferret out the secret; N. small fierce animal which catches rats and rabbits by going into their holes
agent (sent on a mission to represent another); messenger
n heckler
person who verbally harasses others; V. heckle: verbally harass as with gibes (by interrupting a speaker or speech)
n elaboration
addition of details; intricacy
defame; disgrace; destroy confidence in; disbelieve; N. CF. discreditable: causing discredit; shameful
separate; unconnected
block; obstacle; V. hinder
make (a liquid) less concentrated; reduce in strength; Ex. dilute the influence of the president
n libertine
debauched person; dissolute or licentious person; rou\'e; CF. free
person interested mostly in external objects and actions
s castrate
remove the sex organs (of a male animal or person)
testimony under oath; deposing; dethroning
(animal, person, or plant) inhabitant or resident of a particular place; regular visitor
s sovereignty
complete independence and self-government (of a country); supremacy of authority; power to govern
s brood
sit on in order to hatch; think deeply or worry anxiously; N: the young of certain animals; group of young birds hatched at one time
pertaining to the improvement of race; N. eugenics: study of hereditary improvement of the human race
s pronounced
distinct; very noticeable; Ex. pronounced limp
n conclave
private secret meeting
system of religious or ethical belief
s willowy
flexible; pliant; slender; CF. willow
s chore
daily domestic task (such as cleaning, cooking, and shopping); unpleasant task
s righteous
morally upright; just
comparable; similar
error; misunderstanding; V. misapprehend
call together; Ex. convoke Parliament; N. convocation
s havoc
widespread damage; disorder; chaos
n mettle
courage (to continue bravely in spite of difficulties); spirit; ADJ. mettlesome
very high
s scrap
small bit or fragment; discarded waste material; fight; Ex. a scrap of paper/cloth; V: break into parts for disposal; discard as worthless; fight; quarrel
rebellious; N.
n extraneous
not essential; irrelevant; superfluous; external; coming from the outside; Ex. extraneous details/noise/to the subject
talkative; N. loquacity
n ethos
underlying character of a culture, group, etc.; character or ideas peculiar to a specific person, group, or culture; Ex. the company ethos
continued loud noise; V: make a din; instill by wearying repetition
s bruise
injure without breaking the skin; N.
n masticate
n mnemonic
pertaining to memory; assisting the memory; N: device, such as as formula or rhyme, used as a mnemonic aid
n inkling
hint; slight indication
n cuisine
style of cooking; Ex. French cuisine
s concordat
formal agreement
n dire
warning of disaster; disastrous; (of needs and dangers) very great; urgent; Ex. dire prediction/need of food
applaud; praise; greet with great approval; announce with great approval; Ex. The new drung has been acclaimed as the most important discoveries for years; N: strong expression of approval and praise
s stumble
trip and almost fall; proceed unsteadily; act falteringly; N.
brighten; clear up or make understandable; enlighten; enable to understand; Ex. illuminating remarks
n felicity
happiness; appropriateness (of a remark, choice, etc.); quality of being felicitous
n epithet
word or phrase characteristically used to describe a person or thing; descriptive phrase to characterize a person (often contemptous)
plunder; sack; Ex. despoil the village
n carapace
shell covering the back (of a turtle, tortoise, crab, etc.)
n fleece
wool coat of a sheep; V: shear the fleece from; rob by a trick; swindle; plunder
inharmonious; N. incompatibility
s grudge
deep feeling of dislike; Ex. grudge fight; V.
n mire
entangle; stick in swampy ground; stick or sink in mire; N: bog; deep mud; Ex. sucked deeper into the mire
domestic; made at home; spun or woven at home; simple and ordinary; Ex. homespun philosophy
impending; near at hand
excessively exacting; too critical (without noticing good qualities)
n brooch
ornamental clasp; pin
mental disorder marked by confusion; uncontrolled excitement; ADJ. delirious
distortion; burlesque
impressive; majestic
n gamely
in a spirited manner; with courage; Ex. fight gamely against a superior boxer; ADJ. game
not essential; minor; N: something incidental
marked by kindness or consideration; kind and compassionate; humanitarian
n mordant
biting; sarcastic; stinging; (apprec.) incisive; cutting; Ex. mordant pen/wit
joining; associating with
s intolerant
not willing to accept ways of thinking different from one's own; CF. tolerant; CF. tolerate
s magistrate
official with power to administer the law
negligent; (of someone) neglectful of duty; (of something) deserted by an owner; abandoned; N: abandoned property; homeless or vagrant person
vague statement; general statement which is not detailed; quality of being general; greater part; most; Ex. generality of people
extreme corruption; wickedness; V. deprave
s finery
beautiful clothes for a special occasion
harass, annoy, torment (by repeated attacks); raid
s broil
cook by direct heat; N.
n gruesome
grisly; horrible
s shed
small roofed structure for storage and shelter; V: pour forth; lose by natural process; repel without allowing penetration; radiate; cast; Ex. shed tears/light/water/skin/leaves
n illimitable
infinite; limitless
estimate value of; N. appraisal
n luxuriant
abundant; growing healthily and in large amounts; excessively ornate; rich and splendid; fertile; Ex. luxuriant forests/prose; CF. luxurious, luxuriate
n mishap
unfortunate accident
object made by human beings, either hand-made or mass-produced
turn into a god; make a god of; idolize; Ex. Kings were deified; CF. deity
n impregnable
invulnerable; impossible to capture or enter by force; Ex. impregnable fort/argument; CF. take
n bait
harass; tease; torment; Ex. badger baiting; N: food or other lure used to catch fish or trap animals
s fertile
producing many young, fruits, or seeds; (of land) producing good crops; V. fertilize
basically different; impossible to compare; unrelated
n indemnify
make secure against damage or loss; compensate for damage or loss; CF. make uninjured
deceptive; likely to delude; misleading; raising vain hopes; Ex. delusive promises
n codicil
supplement to the body of a will; later addition to a will
n braggadocio
evident; visible; obvious; V: show plainly
show clearly
turn upside down or inside out; reverse the position or condition of
cause to sprout; sprout
invigorating and refreshing; cheering; V. exhilarate: make cheerful and excited; Ex. exhilarated by the ride in the sports car
n imperious
domineering; too commanding; haughty; CF. imperial/emperor
s chapel
small church (in a prison, college, or hospital)
helpful; useful; advantageous
s clown
act stupidly; play the fool; N.
n leaven
add leaven to; cause to rise or grow lighter; enliven; N: agent, such as yeast, that causes dough to rise (by fermentation); element that lightens or enlivens
difference; condition of inequality; OP. parity
n agape
s charm
quality of pleasing; amulet; action or formula thought to have magical power; spell; V: attract; cast a spell on; bewitch
n mote
small speck (esp. of dust)
n allegory
story, play, or picture in which characters are used as symbols; fable
middle class; selfishly materialistic; too interested in material possessions
n disgorge
surrender something (stolen); eject; vomit; OP. gorge
n astigmatism
eye defect which prevents proper focus; OP. stigmatism
propriety; orderliness and good taste in manners; appropriateness of behavior or conduct
s effulgent
shining brightly; brilliant
n bombastic
pompous; using inflated language
real being
s ooze
(of a thick liquid) pass or flow slowly; N: mud or thick liquid as at the bottom of a river
n gouge
overcharge (with high price); extort from; Ex. gouge the public; CF. usury
s arboreal
of or living in trees
lacking energy or vitality; weary; sluggish; listless
large city
s litter
waste material thrown away (as bits of paper scattered untidily); V: cover untidily with scattered litter
woman who rules a family or larger social group
hug; clasp with the arms; adopt or espouse; accept readily; encircle; include; Ex. embrace the cause/socialism; Ex. all-embracing; CF. brace; CF. bracelet
n gratis
free; without charge; ADJ.
most reliable; authorative and complete; that cannot be improved; conclusive; decisive; definite; Ex. definitive decision by the supreme court
n facetious
joking (often inappropriately); unserious; humorous
n grovel
crawl or creep on ground; remain prostrate; behave in a servile manner
kindly; favorable; not malignant (disease); Ex. benign tumor
suggest a meaning not expressed; signify
n bolster
support; reinforce
n immolate
offer or kill as a sacrifice (by fire)
smoothness of speech; ADJ. fluent
n fervid
ardent; zealous; hot
n cataclysm
deluge; upheaval; earthquake; violent and sudden event or change
something fit to be eaten
n distraught
upset; distracted by anxiety; very anxious and troubled almost to the point of madness; Ex. distraught with grief/worry
n amalgamate
(of societies or groups) combine; unite in one body
varying from of an element
s executioner
person administering capital punishment
n hortatory
encouraging; exhortive; marked by exhortation; CF. exhort
n larceny
theft; Ex. petit larceny
n fiasco
total failure; CF. bottle
n gawk
stare foolishly; look in open-mouthed awe
whim; sudden change of mind without any real cause
s emasculate
weaken; castrate
n hiatus
gap; pause; gap or interruption in space or time; break
unable to be restrained or held back; impossible to hold back
mental calmness
s reduce
diminish; bring to a weaker or more difficult condition; demote; lower in rank; separate into components by analysis; Ex. reduced to the ranks; Ex. reduce the house to rubble; N. reduction
n finesse
delicate skill; V: handle with finesse
s primary
first in rank or importance; principal; earliest in time; Ex. primary stages; N. CF. first
pertaining to soil deposits left by running water
renounce upon oath
menacing; arousing fear; threatening; difficult to defeat; Ex. formidable foe/question
like an emperor; related to an empire; CF. imperialism
hang about/around; stand idly about; linger
n chortle
chuckle with delight; N.
charge; N. indictment
extremely poor; lacking means of subsistence; utterly lacking; devoid; Ex. destitute of any experience
overlook; forgive; give tacit approval; excuse
n equipoise
balance; balancing force; equilibrium
pertinent; bearing upon(having connection with) the case at hand; appropriate
study of artifacts and relics of early mankind
situation that requires a choice between equally unfavorable options; problem; choice of two unsatisfactory alternatives
n inveigle
deceive; lead astray by deception; wheedle(cajole); Ex. inveigle her into joining the club; CF. interest dishonestly
violent; hasty; rash; impulsive; without careful thought; Ex. impetuous decision
n filch
steal (things of small value)
one who believes that pleasure is the sole aim in life; CF. hedonism: practice of living one's life purely for pleasure
n abash
s florescence
condition or period of flowering
grieve; express sorrow; N. lamentation
n discount
disregard; regard (a story or news) as unimportant; deduct from a cost
lack of consistency or agreement as between facts; difference; Ex. discrepancy between two descriptions
assign; set apart for a particular purpose
n apologist
one who writes in defense of a cause or institution; N. apologia
indirect or roundabout expression (by using an uncecessarily large number of words esp. when trying to avoid answering a difficult question directly)
s primal
first in rank or importance; being first in time; original; Ex. man's primal innocence
n foster
rear; bring up (for a certain period only); encourage; promote the development of (feelings or ideas); Ex. help foster friendly relations; ADJ: giving parental care although not related by blood; Ex. foster parents
n interrogate
question closely; cross-examine; cross-question
thing that completes another; things very much alike; thing that has the same purpose in a different system
s urge
drive or force forward (by causing impulses); drive to take action; impel; entreat earnestly; Ex. urge horses; N: impulse that prompts action
secret recess or vault usually used for burial; underground room (under a church)
n chimerical
fantastically improbable; highly unrealistic; N. chimera: unreal fancy; fire-breathing female creature
n foliage
masses of leaves; CF. defoliate
n canard
unfounded false rumor; exaggerated false report
n fete(f\^ete)
honor at a festival; celebrate or honor with a feast; N. (outdoor) festival or feast; CF. feast
n frond
fern leaf; palm or banana leaf
rub out; remove the surface of
s rapture
great joy and delight; ecstasy; ADJ. rapturous
n libido
psychic and emotional energy or urges behind human activity; sexual desire
n laceration
torn ragged wound; V. lacerate: tear (the skin as with broken glass); wound
s alms
money or goods given to the poor
n kleptomaniac
person who has a compulsive desire to steal
s exact
demand and obtain by force; Ex. exact a promise from him; N. exaction
n hallowed
blessed; consecrated; Ex. hallowed ground; V. hallow: set apart as holy
n belated
territory enclosed within an alien land
n bereaved
deprived of (someone beloved through death)
s far-fetched
too improbable to be believed; implausible; Ex. far-fetched story
s mange
skin disease (esp. of domestic animals) marked by loss of hair
n crotchety
(of someone old) eccentric; odd; whimsical; bad-tempered; N. crotchet: odd or whimsical notion
peaceful; politely friendly; not quarrelsome; Ex. amicable settlement
n lurid
wild; sensational; graphic; gruesome; horrible; Ex. lurid details of the murder
pertaining to the art of delineating; vividly described
firmly established by nature or habit; intrinsic
s credential
evidence concerning one's authority; written proof of a person's position; Ex. The new ambassador presented his credentials to the court.
s bust
piece of sculpture showing a person's head, shoulders, and upper chest; V: break up; arrest; Ex. crimebuster
fairness; justice; OP. inequity
lacking in seriousness; flippant; self-indulgently carefree; unworthy of serious attention; relatively unimportant; trivial
record of descent; lineage; ancestry; study of ancestry
mar the appearance of; spoil
n bleak
cold or cheerless; frigid; unlikely to be favorable; depressing
n beguile
deceive; mislead or delude; cheat; pass time pleasantly; charm or attract; Ex. beguiling smile
n drone
idle person who lives on other people's work; male bee
s vivid
(of light or color) bright and distinct; evoking lifelike mental images; Ex. vivid red hair/description
s mutter
utter (complaining words) indistinctly in low tones
n marsupial
one of a family of mammals that nurse their offspring in a pouch(pocket of skin or leather); CF. kangaroo, opossum, wombat
uneasiness; anxiety; V. disquiet: make anxious
n levee
earthen or stone embankment to prevent flooding; CF. raise
having many languages; fluent in several languages
environment; atmosphere; Ex. restraurant with a pleasant ambience; ADJ. ambient: completely surrounding; Ex. ambient temperature
n fester
rankle; produce irritation or resentment; (of a cut or wound) generate pus or rot; Ex. His insult festered in my mind for days.
basic; primary; essential
n episodic
(of a story or play) loosely connected; made up of separate and loosely connected parts; N. episode: incident in the course of an experience
n cursive
(of writing) flowing; running; having the successive letters joined
preceding events that influence what comes later; ancestors or early background
s crave
desire; want intensely
like a glacier; of an ice age; extremely cold; Ex. glacial epoch; CF. iceberg
very fat; N. corpulence
n censorious
severely critical
n mauve
pale purple
n discursive
(of a person or writing) digressing; rambling (without any clear plan)
n ichthyology
study of fish; CF. ichthyo-: fish
n cajole
persuade by praise or false promise; coax; wheedle
n docket
program as for trial; book where such entries are made; list of things to be done; agenda; label fixed to a package listing contents or directions; V: describe in a docket
speed; rapidity
n interloper
intruder; one who interferes
s contrivance
something contrived; machine or apparatus; clever deceitful plan; scheme
greediness for wealth
very small quantity
move the fingers and hands awkwardly (in search of something); mishandle or drop a ball that is in play; bungle; botch; spoil by mishandling; N.
find out for certain; make certain
n betray
be unfaithful; reveal (unconsciously or unwillingly); Ex. Her trembling hands betray her anxiety.
n disinter
dig up; unearth; OP. inter
slow down
restraint; compulsion; repression of feelings; reticence; V. constrain: hold back; restrain; compel; oblige; confine forcibly; imprison
n knave
untrustworthy person; rogue; scoundrel; jack; N. knavery
lack of harmony; absurdity; ADJ. incongruous: lacking in harmony; inappropriate
imperceptible(not easily understood); intangible; OP. palpable: tangible; easily perceptible
n fritter
waste (time or money on unimportant things)
s decorous
proper (in behavior, conduct, or appearance)
n brackish
somewhat saline
s fetish(fetich)
object believed to have spiritual powers; object of excessive attention or reverence; CF. fetishism
coarsely insulting; physically harmful
s noose
loop formed in a rope
written statement made under oath (for use as proof in a court of law)
proverb; truth pithily stated
n descry
catch sight of (something distant)
s enterprise
willingness to take new ventures; initiative; business organization; plan (that is difficult or daring); Ex. their latest enterprise to sail round the world in a small boat
skeptical or distrustful of human motives; N. cynicism; CF. cynic: person who believes all people are motivated by selfishness
s disproportion
lack of proportion (between the parts); ADJ. disproportionate
based on experience
bankrupt; lacking money to pay; N. insolvency
s Bacchanalia
the ancient Roman festival in honor of Bacchus
n expatiate
talk at length; speak or write in detail
n archaic
antiquated; no longer used; belonging to the past; N.
approach; tend to meet; come together
n chicanery
trickery; deception
(of a place) deserted; unpopulated; (of a person) lonely; forlorn; joyless
n largess
generous gift (given to people who do not have enough)
s graze
(of an animal) feed on growing grass; cause (an animal) to feed on grass; scrape (esp. the skin) or touch lightly in passing; brush; Ex. We can't graze the cattle till summer; N: surface wound
stir up; disturb
loss of memory
n debonair
(of men) friendly, charming, and fashionably dressed; aiming to please; CF. of good disposition
(of a condition) wretched; as low as possible; lacking pride; very humble; showing lack of self-respect; Ex. abject apology
of or like an uncle
s headfirst
moving with the head leading; headlong
record of a voyage or flight; record of day-to-day activities; section of a trunk; V.
s compulsive
resulting from compulsion
n conifer
pine tree (usu. evergreen); cone-bearing tree; ADJ. coniferous; CF. deciduous; CF. evergreen
n luscious
pleasing to taste or smell; delicious
s proverb
adage; someone or something well known for notoriety; ADJ. proverbial: of a proverb; widely known; ADV. proverbially
choosing at random; confused; not based on careful distinctions
monastery or convent
s freebooter
pirate or plunderer who makes war in order to grow rich
s flowery
full of flowers; full of ornate expressions
deeply established; firmly rooted; Ex. ingrained dirt/prejudice
s topple
become unsteady and fall down
n disgruntle
make discontented
n facile
easily accomplished; ready or fluent; superficial; not deep; Ex. facile solution to a complex problem; Ex. facile speaker; N. facility: ability to do something easily and well; ease in doing resulting from skill or aptitude; something that facilitates an action; amenity; Ex. with great facility
raise in rank or dignity; praise highly; inspire; Ex. exalt the imagination; ADJ. exalted; N. exaltation
n awry
distorted; crooked; bent; Ex. Our plans have gone awry.
s overture
musical introduction to a long musical piece; first offer or proposal (to begin talks in the hope of reaching an agreement); Ex. overtures for peace
burning; corrosive; able to burn by chemical action; sarcastically biting; (of remarks) intended to hurt; bitter; harmful; OP. harmless
n importune
beg persistently; make repeated requests (in an annoying way)
like a lion
n bountiful
generous; graciously generous; showing bounty
overpowering; irresistible in effect; holding one's attention; that compels one to do something; Ex. a compelling adventure story; V. compel
s casual
happening by chance; irregular; occasional; informal; showing or feeling little interest; Ex. casual reader/labor/remark
s lionize
treat (a person) as a celebrity
n mock
ridicule; deride; imitate often in derision
conciseness; shortness of duration
n lumen
unit of light energy (one candle's worth)
n mortician
undertaker; CF. death
s menace
threat; V: threaten
s totem
animal, plant, or natural object serving as a symbol of a clan or family; representation of this; Ex. totem pole
tending to include all; all-inclusive; Ex. inclusive charge
s speechless
unable for the moment to speak (because of strong feeling); Ex. speechless with anger
give an indication beforehand; be a sign of (what is coming); portend; prefigure
persuade not to do; discourage; N. dissuasion
n agglomeration
collection; heap; V. agglomerate: gather into a rounded mass; N. aggolmeate: jumbled mass; heap
picture writing; ADJ.
n fluke
unlikely occurrence; stroke of fortune; accidental stroke of good luck; ADJ. fluky
n aperture
opening; hole; adjustable opening in a camera that limits the amount of light
s feature
distinctive part of the faces (as the eyes or mouth); features: overall appearance of the face; prominent or distinctive quality; prominent article; film; V: make prominent
n deleterious
n motif
theme; recurrent thematic element in a musical or literary work; single or repeated pattern; figure
long heroic poem, novel, or similar work of art (celebrating the feats of a hero); ADJ: (of stories or events) resembling an epic; grand
n elegy
poem or song expressing lamentation (for the dead); ADJ. elegiacal, elegiac
n bolt
door bar; fastening pin or screw; length of fabric; large roll of cloth; V: dash or dart off; fasten (a door); gobble down
s loft
room or space under the roof; attic
gradual intrusion; Ex. I resent all these encroachments on my valuable time; V. encroach: take another's possessions or right gradually or stealthily; intrude; Ex. encroach on/upon
n gentility
those of gentle birth; high social class; refinement; quality of being genteel
n downcast
disheartened; dejected; sad; directed downward
n hinterlands
back country; inner part of a country; OP. foreland
expand; swell out
anger at an injustice; Ex. righteous indignation; ADJ. indignant
n aerie(aery,eyrie,eyry)
nest of a large bird of prey
n gargantuan
huge; enormous; gigantic; CF. the hero of Gargantua and Pantagruel
n defray
provide for the payment of; undertake the payment of; pay
n bowdlerize
expurgate; CF. Thomas Bowdler
n galvanize
stimulate or shock by an electric current; stimulate by shock; shock into action; stir up; coat with rust-resistant zinc by using electricity
n girth
distance around something; circumference
gigantic statue; person or thing of great size or importance
n bugaboo
bugbear; object of baseless terror
n endearment
fond word or act; expression of affection
s liquidate
settle accounts; pay off (a debt); clear up; eliminate; kill or abolish
n disport
amuse; Ex. disport oneself; CF. divert
wise; shrewd; keen; seeing quickly something that is to one's advantage
shyness; lack of self-confidence; timidity; ADJ. diffident
n declivity
downward slope
esoteric; secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated; Ex. arcane ritual; Ex. arcane process closed to the uninitiated listener
vary; go in different directions from the same point; ADJ. divergent: differing; deviating
n haggard
wasted away; gaunt; Ex. haggard faces of the rescued miners
s resourceful
clever and imaginative (in dealing with difficult situations); N. resource, resourcefulness
n factious
inclined to form factions; causing dissension
cause; produce; create
seriousness; ADJ. grave
n astral
relating to the stars
n hubbub
confused uproar; loud noise; din
n bilk
swindle; cheat
think up; invent; plan; bequeath; N: bequest
not repentant
kindle; light; catch fire or set fire to
n equestrian
rider on horseback; ADJ.
s recital
act of reciting publicly; detailed account; performance of music or dance (by a solo performer)
s smug
self-satisfied; complacent
s bristle
short stiff hair; V: (hair or fur) stand up stiffly
n bestial
beastlike; brutal; inhuman; very cruel
s miniature
small model; small painting; ADJ: small
flat plain of mud or sand between branches of a river
s overturn
turn over; capsize; topple
s acne
skin disease (on the face)
n ethnic
relating to races
s dys-
abnormal; impaired
n bate
let down; lessen the force of; moderate; restrain; Ex. with bated breath; CF. abate
n hydrophobia
fear of water; rabies
n fitful
spasmodic; intermittent; irregular
n bivouac
temporary encampment; camp without tents; V.
n exchequer
treasury; Ex. Chancellor of the exchequer
n fervor
glowing ardor; intensity of feeling; quality of being fervent or fervid; zeal; intense heat
n insouciant
without concern or care; unconcerned; indifferent
s habitat
natural home of a plant or animal; CF. habitation
cause; produce; give rise to
send to a person or place for sale; deliver officially; entrust; put into the care of another; set apart (for a special purpose); N. consignment; CF. consignor, consignee
harmony; agreement
plead; ask earnestly
n alcove
nook; recess
n gall
annoy; exasperate; chafe; N: skin sore caused by rubbing (as on the skin of a horse); exasperation
s career
rush wildly; go at full speed
n manifestation
outward demonstration; manifesting; indication of the presence of something; Ex. manifestation of his pronounced musical bent
n amulet
charm; talisman; an object worn believed to protect against evil, bad luck
lessening; reduction in size; V. diminish
n gainsay
n macabre
gruesome; grisly; ghastly; CF. of death
hasten; make go faster
n feral
(of an animal) not domestic; wild
n intrude
put or force in without being asked; trespass; enter as an uninvited person; Ex. intrude one's own opinion into the report; CF. thrust in
s desperate
having lost all hope; despairing; reckless and violent because of loss of hope or despair; undertaken as a last resort
firm dislike
n culinary
relating to cooking or kitchen
n haven
place of safety; refuge; harbor; Ex. tax haven
pleasant; friendly; in agreement with one's tastes and nature; Ex. congenial weather
n gaffe
social blunder
n extenuate
weaken; mitigate; lessen the seriousness of (bad behavior)
external; not essential or inherent; extraneous; OP. intrinsic
correct (usually a text); N. emendation: correction of errors; improvement
n dissolution
disintegration; reduction to a liquid form; looseness in morals; sensual indulgence; debauchery; ADJ. dissolute: lacking in moral restraint; leading an immoral life
noticeable; targeted for vengeance or attack; Ex. marked improvement/man
n Machiavellian
crafty; double-dealing; of the political doctrine of Machiavelli, which holds that craft and deceit are justified in pursuing political power
n misgivings
undeveloped; rudimentary; N. embryo: organism in the early stage of development
s sterile
incapable of producing young; free from microorganism; V. sterilize
moved by sexual love; loving; of sexual love; Ex. amorous advances
n ductile
malleable; pliable; (of metals) easily pulled into shape; flexible; (of someone) easily influenced or controlled
n acme
peak; pinnacle; highest point
s smudge
dirty mark with unclear edges made by rubbing; V.
social or moral custom; established practice; formal meeting; international agreement
n contrived
unnatural and forced; artificial; not spontaneous; Ex. The ending was rather contrived.
not effective; not having a desired effect; weak
minor crime; misdeed; wrongdoing
something hinted at or suggested; implying; implicating
n junket
trip especially one taken for pleasure by an official at public expense
n megalomania
mania for doing grandiose things; mental disorder characterized by delusions of wealth, power, or importance
n drivel
nonsense; foolishness; V: talk nonsense
illusive; deceptive; not real
overregulated administrative system marked by red tape; ADJ. bureaucratic
s token
outward sign; Ex. a token of our gratitude
s shift
change position or place; exchange (one thing) for another; change in direction or position; Ex. shift the stolen goods; N. group of workers which takes turns with other groups; working period of such a group
random; by chance; happening in an unplanned manner; Ex. haphazard growth of the town
n eon(aeon)
long period of time; an age; longest division of geologic time containing two or more eras
n cornucopia
horn (or horn-shaped container) overflowing with fruit and grain; symbol of abundance; horn of plenty
scorn; disdain; ADJ. contemptuous; CF. contemptible
increase in size or effect; expand; broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make stronger; Ex. amplify one's remarks with a graph
s outgoing
sociable; eager to mix socially with others
person who appeals to people's prejudice; false leader of people; CF. demagoguery
unnoticeable; impossible to perceive; undetectable
n boon
blessing; benefit; something very helpful
agreeable; lovable; warmly friendly
oddity; idiosyncrasy
s marginal
of a margin; barely within a limit; Ex. marginal effect/writing ability
come between; interfere; Ex. intervened to prevent a fight; N. intervention
n buffet
strike forcefully; slap; batter; knock out; N: table with food set out for people to server themselves; meal at which people help themselves to food that's been set
indisputable; incontrovertible; undeniable
n legerdemain
sleight(dexterity) of hand; CF. light of hand
n limpid
crystal clear
n ignoble
unworthy; not noble; dishonorable; Ex. ignoble deed
increase; make greater (as in value, reputation, or usefulness); improve
n disheveled
untidy (of hair or clothing); V. dishevel
unintelligible; muddled; unable to express one's thoughts in an orderly manner; illogical; lacking cohesion; not coherent
excessive zeal; extreme devotion to a belief or cause; N. fanatic; ADJ. fanatic
based on assumptions or hypotheses; supposed; N. hypothesis
insult; offense; intentional act of disrespect; V: insult or hurt the feelings of intentionally
hide; retard or obstruct the progress of; block
s flutter
(of a bird with large wings) wave (the wings) lightly, rapidly, and irregularly; vibrate rapidly or erratically; fly by waving quickly; flitter; N.
s ecliptic
path of the sun and the planets
s mime
pantomime(act without dialogue); mimicry; mimer; V: mimic; pantomime
n blighted
suffering from a disease; destroyed
listing of information in tabular or book form; compiling
n apex
tip; summit; climax; highest point
n enamored
in love; Ex. enamored of his own beauty; V. enamor: inspire with love
n capillary
having a very fine bore; resembling a hair; fine and slender; Ex. capillary attraction; N: very fine hairlike tube; CF. capillarity
n clarion
shrill, trumpetlike sound; kind of trumpet used in former times
blindly devoted patriot; zealous adherent of a group, cause, or sex; ADJ. chauvinistic; CF. chauvinism; Nicolas Chauvin
n lucre
money; profit; Ex. filthy lucre
adjust to climate or environment; adapt
n muster
gather; assemble (troops); Ex. muster up one's strength for the ordeal; N.
public declaration of principles; statement of policy
restrain; handcuff; N.
thought; working of the brain
n gaunt
lean and angular; thin and bony; emaciated; barren
s prime
period of ideal or peak condition; earliest or beginning stage; Ex. in the prime of life; Ex. prime of the year(spring); ADJ: first in importance or rank; first; V: make ready; prepare
n lurk
stealthily lie in waiting; slink; exist unperceived
irregular; odd; unconventional; whimsical; bizarre; not concentric
n acclivity
sharp upslope of a hill; OP. declivity
having the weight of authority; regarded as providing knowledge that can be trusted; reliable; peremptory and dictatorial; Ex. authoritative dictionary/manner; CF. definitive
n loom
appear or take shape (usually in an enlarged, indistinct, or distorted form); Ex. The shadow of the gallows loomed threateningly. N: apparatus for making thread into cloth
s Elysium
place or condition of bliss
n dissimulate
pretend; conceal by feigning; dissemble
one who is introspective or inclined to think more about oneself; ADJ. introverted
s misconduct
immoral behavior; bad management; V.
central or vital part; core; whole seed (as of corn)
n buxom
full-bosomed; plump; jolly
n apropos
with reference to; regarding; Ex. remarks apropos (of) the present situation; ADJ. ADV.
burst inward; CF. vaccum tube
s convulsion
violent uncontrollable shaking movement (caused by illness); V. convulse; ADJ. convulsive
n enunciate
announce; proclaim; utter or speak, especially distinctly; pronounce clearly; articulate; Ex. This theory was first enunciated by him.
n hoodwink
deceive; delude
s figure
written symbols; number; amount represented in numbers; outline or silhouette of a thing or human body; person (well-known); impression; diagram; pattern; group in a dance; Ex. figure of speech; V. calculate with numbers; adorn with figures; appear; consider; Ex. My name did not figure in the list.
n jurisprudence
science of law
n canker
any ulcerous sore; ulcer; any evil; CF. cancer
n furtive
stealthy; quiet and secret (trying to escape notice); sneaky; Ex. furtive glance
bring upon oneself
draftee; person forced into military service; V.
s fleet
fast; rapid; N. ADJ. fleeting: passing quickly; ephemeral
n humus
substance or rich soil formed by decaying vegetable matter; CF. soil
adjoining; neighboring; close by
small waterfall
s toll
sound (a large bell) slowly at regular intervals; N: sound of a bell; fixed tax or charge
n misadventure
mischance; ill luck; Ex. death by misadventure
scatter; Ex. disperse the cloud/crowd
n corporeal
bodily (rather than spiritual); of a bodily form; material; tangible
n belabor
harp on; dwell on tediously; explain or go over excessively or to a ridiculous degree; assail verbally; beat severely; attack physically
n maim
mutilate; injure lastingly; disable; cripple; Ex. maimed for life
period of time
adequate; (of punishment) severe and well deserved
complete; totally unlimited; having complete power; certain; not relative; Ex. absolute honesty/ruler; CF. absolutism
study of word parts; study of the origins of words
not harmonious; conflicting
moving force; momentum; force of a moving body; incentive; stimulus; impulse
be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of; ADJ. appreciable: enough to be felt; Ex. appreciable difference
s sentimental
swayed by sentiment; appealing to the sentiments
n cleft
N: split
analysis; cutting apart in order to examine
examination of a dead body; postmortem; V.
frustrate; perplex
s trance
hypnotic state; ecstatic state; detachment from one's physical surrounding (as in contemplation or daydreaming); CF. transition
drowsy; dull; N. lethargy: state of sluggishness and inactivity
root up; uproot; destroy completely
n geniality
cheerfulness; kindliness; sympathy; ADJ. genial: cheerful and good-tempered
drive out evil spirits
n factotum
handyman; person who does all kinds of work; CF. do everything
make impure or of poorer quality by adding inferior or tainted(contaminated) substances
expressing irony; occurring in an unexpected and contrary manner
n dilettante
aimless follower of an art or a field of knowledge (not taking it seriously); amateur; dabbler; CF. delight
renunciation; self-sacrifice; self-abnegation
n captious
faultfinding; too critical
n agog
highly excited; intensely curious
higher mental powers; person of great intellectual ability
n lancet
small surgical tool for making incisions
(of something written or painted) still in existence
n hue_and_cry
outcry; loud cry or clamor; strong protest; Ex. hue and cry against the new rule
s engulf
surround and swallow up
s urgent
compelling immediate action; pressing; persistent; importunate; Ex. urgent in his demands
n lexicographer
compiler of a dictionary; CF. lexicography: work of compiling a dictionary
acquire; take possession of for one's own use without permission; set aside for a particular purpose; allocate; CF. misappropriate
n dormer
window projecting upright from roof; CF. sleeping room
n apotheosis
elevation to godhood; an ideal example of something
s pedigree
line of ancestors; ancestry; lineage; ADJ. (of an animal) descended from of a chosen family; Ex. pedigree dog; CF. crane's foot
weaken; destroy; make invalid; nullify
s stammer
speak with involuntarily pauses or repetitions
n emboss
produce a design in raised relief; decorate with a raised design
n lackadaisical
lacking interest or effort; lacking purpose or zest; lazy; halfhearted; languid
favoring success; giving signs of future success; Cf. auspices
n dirge
funeral song; slow mournful piece of music (sung over a dead person)
n mendacious
lying; habitually dishonest; N. mendacity
in utter disorder
very important; N. moment; CF. momentary
n ape
imitate or mimic (a person's behavior or manner)
n hindmost
furthest behind; farthest to the rear
n forebears(forbears)
one who feigns illness to escape duty; V. malinger: feign illness to avoid work
indisputable; impossible to dispute; not open to question; unquestionable
n itinerary
plan of a trip; record of a trip
pertaining to money
s ego
one's opinion of oneself; self-esteem
n ignominy
deep disgrace; shame or dishonor; ADJ. ignominious; Ex. ignominous defeat
s sly
clever in deceiving; secretive; not telling one's intentions
profitable; producing wealth
n madrigal
pastoral song; song for several singers without instruments
start a fire; ignite; inspire; arouse
not identical on both sides of a dividing central line
s bully
one who is habitually cruel to weaker people; V.
thriftless; not providing for the future
n calorific
heat-producing; N. calorie
n figment
invention; something invented; imaginary thing; Ex. figment of your imagination
n molten
melted; Ex. molten lava
disobedience; rebelliousness; ADJ. insubordinate
n exegesis
explanation, especially of biblical(of the bible) passages
n carping
petty criticism; fault-finding; fretful complaining; quibble
s brag
serving to complete something
n lexicon
s fruitful
producing results; profitable; prolific; producing in abundance
s consternation
great shock; dismay
risk, particularly of being exposed to disease or to the elements; unmasking; act of laying something open; Ex. exposure of governmental corruption
n abut
border upon; adjoin
associate with; keep company; N: husband or wife (or a ruler)
n igneous
produced by fire; of fire; volcanic; (of rocks) formed from lava; Ex. igneous meteorite
deceit; duplicity; wiliness; cunning; Ex. persuade her by guile
n liability
drawback; handicap; debts; obligation; responsibility; condition of being liable; ADJ. liable: likely; responsible (for paying)
having a common origin; related linguistically; allied by blood; similar or akin in nature; Ex. cognate languages; N.
pertaining to marriage or the matrimonial state
n aloft
upward; high up in the air
n cow
terrorize; intimidate
praising; eulogistic; N. encomium: very high praise; eulogy
n boorish
rude; insensitive
s suitor
man who is courting a woman
s sturdy
strong and firm (in the body)
s layman
man who is not a cleric; man who is nonprofessional
n impale
pierce (with a sharp point); Ex. impaled by the spear
s mongrel
plant or animal (esp. a dog) of mixed breed; ADJ.
s trim
make neat or tidy by clipping; reduce by removing what is unnecessary; ornament; decorate (round the edges); Ex. trim the cost; Ex. jacket trimmed with fur; N. ADJ: tidy; in good order
n marred
damaged; disfigured; V. mar: spoil; disfigure
slanderous remark; Ex. cast aspersions on
act or state of separation; disunity; CF. disjunctive: expressing a choice between two ideas; CF. conjunction; CF. conjunctive
n mercurial
capricious; quick and changing; fickle; containing the element mercury; Ex. mercurial temper; CF. mood
ban on commerce or other activity
n matrix
point of origin; array of numbers or algebraic symbols; mold or die; Ex. the matrix of Western civilization
not applicable; unrelated
having absolute unchecked power; dictatorial; N. autocrat, autocracy
n behemoth
huge creature; something of monstrous size or power
n murky
dark and gloomy; thick with fog; vague; Ex. murky night/fog; N. murk: partial or complete darkness; gloom
s engaged
employed; busy; betrothed; involved in conflict
n medley
n musty
stale (in odor or taste); spoiled by age; CF. moist
s finished
properly made and complete; Ex. finished product/performance
rubble; wreckage; scattered remains of something broken or destroyed
childish; infantlike
praising; full of eulogy
characteristic of an entire class or species; of a genus
clash or conflict in opinion; rubbing against
unlikely (to be true); unbelievable; Ex. implausible alibi
s helm
steering wheel of a ship; position of control
n exuberance
overflowing abundance; joyful enthusiasm; flamboyance; lavishness; ADJ. exuberant: high-spirited and lively; growing abundantly and strongly
n glower
scowl; glare; look or stare angrily
n cower
shrink quivering as from fear; cringe
remorse; strong uneasiness caused by guilt
refrain; withhold from participation; intentionally not use one's vote; ±â±ÇÇÏ´Ù
balance of opposing forces; balance of the mind; equanimity
kinship; relationship by birth
n loath
reluctant; unwilling; disinclined; Ex. Romeo and Juliet were both loath for him to go.
unintentionally; by oversight; carelessly
perceive intuitively (by or as if by magic); foresee the future; foretell; dowse; ADJ. N. divination
n clout
great influence (especially political or social); hard blow with fist
flowing together; the place where two rivers flow together; crowd; gathering together
rebellion; uprising
n clangor
loud resounding noise; sound of repeated clanging
n evenhanded
impartial; fair
extremely demanding; Ex. exacting standard of safety
n headstrong
willful; stubborn; unyielding; determined to have one's own way; CF. no 'excessive'
n jaunty
cheerful and pleased with life; lighthearted; animated; easy and carefree; dapper in appearance; Ex. jaunty person/hat
n betroth
become engaged to marry
s functional
made for practical use only (without decoration); functioning; Ex. functional modern furniture; CF. functionalism
n metallurgical
pertaining to the art of removing metals from ores; N. metallurgy: science that deals with extracting metals from ores
n collage
work of art put together from fragments
honesty; uprightness; wholeness; state of being whole and undivided; completeness
n dolt
slow-thinking stupid person; CF. dull
s plump
pleasantly fat; nicely rounded

Deck Info