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Barron GRE vocab list - comprehensive


undefined, object
copy deck
practical person; N. pragmatism: pragmatic way of dealing with things
permanent; impossible to dissolve or disintegrate
incurable; uncorrectable; impossible to remedy
s dereliction
neglect of duty; abandonment
n impinge
infringe; encroach; influence; touch; collide with; Ex. The effects are impinging on every aspect of our lives.
n quintessence
purest and highest embodiment; perfect example; apotheosis; most essential element; Ex. quintessence of wit; ADJ. quintessential; CF. fifth essence
n bolster
support; reinforce
conflict; lack of harmony; dissonance (when musical notes are played)
plants of a region or era
n entree(entr\'ee)
entrance; a way in; right to enter; main dish of a meal; Ex. entree into the exclusive circle
s enact
make (a bill) into law
n jibe
agree; be in harmony with; gibe
n juncture
crisis; point in time; joining point; joint; act of joining
greatness (in size or extent); extent
n pell-mell
in confusion; disorderly; Ex. dash pell-mell
period of equal days and nights; the beginning of spring and autumn; Ex. vernal/autumnal equinox; ADJ. equinoctial
n grill
question severely; cook on a grill; broil; N: cooking surface of parallel metal bars
n feral
(of an animal) not domestic; wild
s refuse
anything discarded or rejected as worthless; trash
s pulpit
raised platform used in preaching (in a church)
impertinence; insolence
shrink back as if in fear; cower
n incandescent
strikingly bright; shining with intense heat; emitting visible light when heated; Ex. incandescent light bulb; CF. candle
s pudding
hot sweet dish
n relish
enjoy; savor; N: enjoyment; zest
stop motion; curb or restrain
n addle
make or become confused; muddle; drive crazy; become rotten (egg)
denoting an unobstructed and comprehensive view; N. panorama: unbroken view of a wide area
disfranchise; deprive of a civil right; OP. enfranchise
n waffle
speak equivocally about an issue; N.
n gerrymander
change voting district lines in order to favor a political party; N. CF. Elbridge Gerry + (sala)mander
being in debt; money that should have been paid; work that should have been done
n menial
suitable for servants; lowly; mean; N: someone who does menial work (esp. servant in a house)
n waggish
humorous; mischievous; tricky
treacherous; disloyal; N. perfidy: treachery
n rubric
title or heading (in red print); directions for religious ceremony; protocol
n visceral
felt in one's inner organs; N. viscera: internal body organs; CF. eviscerate
n covetous
avaricious; desirous of (someone else's possessions); V. covet: desire eagerly (someone else's possessions)
full of life; animated; vibrant and lively; critical; of great importance; necessary to stay alive; of life; living; breathing; N. vitality; V. vitalize
n taint
contaminate; cause to lose purity; modify with a trace of something bad; Ex. tainted reputation; N: stain; touch of decay or bad influence; CF. touch
hateful; spiteful; expressing malice; N. malice: desire to harm others; spite
s swarm
large group of insects moving in a mass; crowd of people or animals; V: move in a crowd or mass
one who believes that pleasure is the sole aim in life; CF. hedonism: practice of living one's life purely for pleasure
n gaudy
flashy; showy
entreating; beseeching; N.
n lectern
reading desk or stand for a public speaker
n deadpan
wooden; impassive; with no show of feeling; with an expressionless face
s grudge
deep feeling of dislike; Ex. grudge fight; V.
having lost one's original power; barren; worn out; exhausted
n mirth
merriment; laughter
s thrash
beat with a whip or flail; defeat utterly; talk about thoroughly in order to find the answer; move wildly or violently; Ex. The fishes thrashed about in the net.
n flout
reject; mock; show contempt for; scorn; Ex. flout the rules
substance that prevents infection in a wound; ADJ.
suffer (harm or loss); experience; support; prop; maintain; keep in existence; nourish (to maintain life); Ex. sustain the family/the trapped miners
n pendulous
hanging; suspended
cliff; dangerous position; Ex. on the edge of the precipice
essential quality; V: ascribe; explain
n shoddy
made of inferior material; sham; not genuine; inferior; dishonest; Ex. shoddy goods/trick
giving pleasure to the senses; pertaining to the physical senses; operating through the senses; sensuous feeling of soft velvet on the skin
s habitat
natural home of a plant or animal; CF. habitation
s culprit
one guilty of a crime
n sundry
miscellaneous; various; several; N. sundries: small miscellaneous items
increase in number by producing young; multiply; spread; Ex. Most plants propagate by seed; Ex. newspaper propagating their ideas
n welter
wallow (as in mud or high seas); lie soaked (as in blood); Ex. The victims weltered in their blood.
n rile
irritate; vex; muddy
associate with; keep company; N: husband or wife (or a ruler)
s qualify
reach a necessary standard; limit the meaning of something stated
n sluggard
lazy person
willing to obey orders; yielding; timid
n chastise
punish as by beating; criticize severely
able to pay all depths; N. solvency
n bifurcated
divided into two branches; forked
school of the fine arts (especially music or drama); glass-enclosed area; CF. conservancy
s voluptuous
sensual; of or giving sensual pleasure; indulging in sensual pleasures; Ex. voluptuous lines; Ex. voluptuous life of the Romans; N. voluptuary: voluptuous person
erase; strike out
harshness; intensity; sternness; austerity; ADJ. severe: harsh; strict; extremely violent or intense
(of weather) hot; sweltering; sensual; voluptuous
obvious; easily seen; open for the public to read; of or protected by a patent; Ex. patent to everyone; N.
n callous
hardened; unfeeling; without sympathy for the sufferings of others; unkind
dark; not transparent; N. opacity
n prompt
cause; urge; provoke; provide a cue (for an actor); ADJ: done without delay; done at the right time; punctual; on time; N: reminder or cue
treatment or situation that causes shame or loss of dignity, respect; offensive or insulting treatment; humiliating or degrading treatment; Ex. I suffered the indignity of having to say that in front of them.
n luster
shine; gloss (of a polished surface)
s capsize
(of a boat) turn over
surround with armed forces; harass (with requests); annoy continually
s matin\'ee(matinee)
dramatic or musical performance given in the afternoon
s suffocate
die or kill from lack of air; suppress
anger at an injustice; Ex. righteous indignation; ADJ. indignant
n monolithic
solidly uniform; unchangeable; unyielding; N. monolith: large block of stone
hurl downward; throw headlong; hasten; cause to happen sooner; condense and fall as rain or snow; cause (a solid substance) to be separated from a solution; ADJ. hasty; rash; premature; sudden
n swelter
(of a person) suffer from oppressive heat; be oppressed by heat
poisonous snake
nonentity; worthless person or thing; zero; secret code; V.
n supposititious
assumed; counterfeit; hypothetical
n tumult
commotion of a great crowd; riot; noise; uproar; ADJ. tumultuous: noisy and disorderly
quote; commend; Ex. cited for bravery in an official record
n rancor
long-lasting hatred; bitterness; Ex. negotiation without rancor; ADJ. rancorous
stick out; jut; project; Ex. protruding teeth
small plane surface (of a gem(precious stone)); a side
put into words; ADJ. verbal: of words; spoken rather than written; oral; of a verb
ridicule; treat with contempt; make fun of; OP. respect
n mire
entangle; stick in swampy ground; stick or sink in mire; N: bog; deep mud; Ex. sucked deeper into the mire
n veer
change in direction; swerve
n vixen
female fox; ill-tempered woman; CF. shrew
hugeness (in a bad sense); excessive wickedness; Ex. enormity of the crime; ADJ. enormous
scatter; Ex. disperse the cloud/crowd
speediness; prompt execution; message sent with all due speed; V: send to a specified destination; finish promptly; kill
mongrel; mixed breed; V. hybridize
n coy
shy (flirtatiously); showing a (pretended) lack of self-confidence; modest; coquettish; CF. job offer¸¦ ¹Þ¾ÒÀ» ¶§
cause to become sick; fill with disgust; fill nausea
n lout
clumsy person; ADJ. loutish; CF. from countrysides ?
n officious
meddlesome; excessively pushy in offering one's services; overly eager in offering unwanted services or advices; Ex. officious bellboy
n polemical(polemic)
aggressive in verbal attack; disputatious (rather than simply expressing opinions)
s nuptial
of marriage or the wedding ceremony; N; nuptials; wedding ceremony
n stipend
pay for services
s zest
outer skin of an orange used for giving a special taste to food; spice; interest; flavor; spirited enjoyment; Ex. add a certain zest to the affair; Ex. zest for life
s murmur
low, indistinct, continuous sound; V. CF. mumble
s resurrect
n dank
damp; unpleasantly wet
s disbar
make (a lawyer) leave the bar or the legal profession
examine closely and critically; N. scrutiny
n dote
be excessively fond of; show signs of mental decline
s bargain
agreement between two groups or people; something for sale at a price advantageous to the buyer; V: negotiate; trade; Ex. bargaining power
s hail
frozen rain drop; V: salute or greet; precipitate hail
n inchoate
(of desire, wish, plan) recently begun; not explicit; at the beginning of development; rudimentary; elementary; Ex. inchoate mass
n predilection
preference; partiality
n galvanize
stimulate or shock by an electric current; stimulate by shock; shock into action; stir up; coat with rust-resistant zinc by using electricity
s clasp
hold firmly within arms
resistant to; free or exempt from; N. immunity
s trunk
main wooden stem of a tree; human body excluding the head and limbs; torso; prehensile nose of an elephant
n extrude
force or push out; thrust out; shape (plastic or metal) by forcing through a die
s imperil
put in danger
drive or force onward; drive to take action; urge to action
n agog
highly excited; intensely curious
postponement or cancelation of a punishment; temporary stay; V: postpone or cancel the punishment of
s historical
connected with history; based on events in history (whether regarded as important or not)
s precinct
division of a city for election or police purposes; precincts: space that surrounds a building; Ex. precincts of the college
gross lewdness; lustfulness; ADJ. lecherous; N. lecher: lecherous man
pertaining to the organs or sense of touch
terms used in a science or art; study of nomenclature
n nexus
n prim
proper to the point of affectation; very precise and formal; exceedingly proper
refer; attribute; assign
n pied
piebald; variegated(many-colored); multicolored
sheer; transparent
limit; confine; draw a line around
n blandishment
s graduate
arrange into categories or grades; divide into marked intervals (for use in measurement); Ex. graduated ruler
n canard
unfounded false rumor; exaggerated false report
n privation
lack of the basic necessities or comforts of life; hardship; want; CF. deprive
serving to warn
n overblown
inflated; exaggerated
n gastronomy
art and science of preparing and serving good food; CF. gastronome
s dainty
delicate; delicately beautiful; fastidious; not easy to please; Ex. dainty movement/dress
s nutritious
providing nourishment
n dictum
authoritative and weighty statement (made by a judge in court); saying; maxim; CF. obiter dictum: incidental, nonbinding remark (something said in passing)
n flair
n firebrand
piece of burning wood; hothead; troublemaker; person who stirs up trouble
n gesticulation
motion; gesture; V. gesticulate: make gestures (while speaking)
n sunder
separate; part; CF. asunder
s invalid
one incapacitated(disabled) by a chronic illness; ADJ: incapacitated by illness; not valid; null; V: allow to leave (a military force) because of ill-health
n domicile
home; V. ADJ. domiciled: having one's domicile; Ex. He is domiciled in Britain.
solemn wonder; feeling of respect mixed with wonder and fear; V: fill with awe; ADJ. awesome
s rivet
metal pin used for fastening metal plates together; V: fasten with a rivet; engross
capable of maintaining life; feasible; practical or workable; Ex. viable scheme
n sleazy
shabby and dirty; flimsy; insubstantial; Ex. sleazy back-street hotel/fabric
n fortuitous
accidental; by chance; N. fortuity
n nuance
shade of slight difference in meaning or color; subtle distinction
n ciliated
having minute hairs; CF. cilium; CF. cilia: eyelash
positive assertion; confirmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath; V. affirm; ADJ. affirmative; CF. affirmative action: positive discrimination
cut into small parts; cut (a body) apart limb from limb
n ramp
slope; inclined plane or roadway (connecting two levels)
s spin
rotate swiftly; make (thread) by twisting (cotton, wool, etc.); N.
n saturnine
morose; gloomy; Ex. Do not be misled by his saturnine countenance.
s dowry
money or property brought by a bride to her husband at marriage
original work used as a model by others
n bevy
large group; Ex. a bevy of starlets
send to a person or place for sale; deliver officially; entrust; put into the care of another; set apart (for a special purpose); N. consignment; CF. consignor, consignee
n inerrancy
n superannuated
retired or disqualified because of age; outmoded; obsolete
(of a sound) echoing; resounding(sounding loudly); deep and full in sound; producing resonance; Ex. resonant voice; N. resonance
related to telling a story; N: narrated account; story; V. narrate: tell (a story); CF. narration
n vernal
pertaining to spring
familiar with; having knowledge of
n sybarite
lover of luxury; person devoted to pleasure and luxury; CF. Sybaris: an ancient Greek city in Italy
s spoof
n dilettante
aimless follower of an art or a field of knowledge (not taking it seriously); amateur; dabbler; CF. delight
flood; overflow; submerge; cover completely; Ex. inundated with work
n dismiss
eliminate from consideration; no longer consider; put out of court without further hearing; reject; discharge from employment; direct to leave; ADJ. dismissive; N. dismissal
n chafe
warm by rubbing; make sore by rubbing; N.
n viscid
adhesive; gluey
n coiffure
n tempestuous
stormy; violent; impassioned; N. tempest: violent storm
s finish
surface texture; completeness of execution
something taken for granted; the taking over or taking possession of; Ex. her assumption of power; V. assume
oppression; cruel government; ADJ. tyrannical: of a tyrant or tyranny; despotic; V. tyrannize: treat tyrannically; oppress
model; example that serves as a model; pattern; list of all the inflectional forms of a word
n gorge
narrow canyon; steep rocky cleft; ravine (made by a stream which runs through it)
government ruled by old people
state confidently; declare as true
s stampede
sudden frenzied rush (of panic-stricken animals or people); V: participate in or cause stampede; Ex. stampede before the price rises
n genuflect
bend the knee as in worship
timely; well-chosen
n soporific
sleep-causing; marked by sleepiness; drowsy
secondary or minor occupation
friendship; peaceful relationship as between nations
n cleft
N: split
s rig
arrangement of masts and sails; V: equip (a ship) with rigging; ADJ. rigging: ropes that hold up a ship's sails
s heed
pay attention to; N: close attention
n presumptuous
going beyond what is right; excessively forward; arrogant; taking liberties
n polemic
attack or defense of an opinion; controversy or refutation; argument in support of point of view; N. polemics: art of debate or controversy
n lancet
small surgical tool for making incisions
infallibly; ADJ. unerring: making no mistakes
having human form or characteristics
s craft
skill (esp. with one's hands); skill in deceiving people; guile; ADJ. crafty: cleverly deceitful; cunning
coiled around; twisted; involved; complicated; intricate; complex; N. convolution: twist; one of the convex folds of the surface of the brain
having many forms
n hireling
one who serves for hire (usually used contemptuously); one who works solely for compensation; Ex. hireling politician
n propinquity
nearness (in space or relationship); proximity; kinship
power to produce desired effect; ADJ. efficacious: effectual
n dingy
(of things and place) dirty and dull; Ex. dingy street/curtain
n incapacitate
disable; N. incapacity: lack of capacity
pouring forth; unrestrained outpouring of feeling; V. effuse: pour out; ADJ. effusive: pouring forth; gushing
n odoriferous
giving off an odor
n balk
stop short, as if faced with an obstacle, and refuse to continue; foil; stop or get in the way of; frustrate
n umbrage
resentment; anger; sense of injury or insult; Ex. take umbrage at his rudeness
natural consequence (which naturally follows from something else)
s sober
serious; solemn; not drunken; abstemious or temperate; V: make or become sober
s rational
(of a person) having reason; (of ideas) based on reason; logical
find out for certain; make certain
s squelch
produce a splashing sound (when stepping through mud); crush; squash; CF. ÁøÈëÀ» À§¿¡¼ ¹âÀ» ¶§
dry up
casual; done without prior thought or preparation
s brave
face courageously; Ex. brave the storm
uprightness; honesty; incorruptibility
imagined; unreal
strong point or special talent in a person's character
n nicety
precision; accuracy; minute distinction or difference; Ex. to a nicety: exactly; precisely; Ex. distinguish between niceties
turn into vapor (steam, gas, fog, etc.)
n discount
disregard; regard (a story or news) as unimportant; deduct from a cost
n eulogy
expression of praise, often on the occasion of someone's death; V. eulogize
s speechless
unable for the moment to speak (because of strong feeling); Ex. speechless with anger
n litany
supplicatory prayer; prayer in which the priest calls out and the people replies in the same words
dethrone; remove from office; give a deposition; testify
n fetid(foetid)
malodorous; foul
n unbridled
violent; uncontrolled; Ex. unbridled rage/greed
s chore
daily domestic task (such as cleaning, cooking, and shopping); unpleasant task
filled with excited joy and pride; overjoyed; in high spirits; joyful and proud; Ex. elated crowd; V. elate; N. elation
n apropos
with reference to; regarding; Ex. remarks apropos (of) the present situation; ADJ. ADV.
controlling influence; position of controlling influence; CF. in the ascendant
grow rapidly (in numbers); spread; multiply; N. proliferation
s lopsided
heavier or larger on one side than the other; Ex. lopsided way of walking
adorn; ornament; enhance as a story (by adding fictitious details)
n coagulate
congeal; thicken; clot; N. coagulant
clumsy; not skillful; awkward; bungling
n dislodge
remove (forcibly); force out of a position; Ex. dislodge the food caught in his throat; CF. lodge
differing in some characteristics (from each other); various; N. diversity: variety; dissimilitude; lack of resemblance
final; not susceptible to further analysis; fundamental; Ex. The sun is the ultimate source of energy.
secure or fasten firmly; be fixed in place; N. anchorage
n epitaph
inscription in memory of a dead person (as on a tombstone)
n studied
carefully contrived; calculated; unspontaneous; deliberate; thoughtful; Ex. studied remark
n misgivings
forecasted course of a disease; prediction; CF. prognostic
n hindmost
furthest behind; farthest to the rear
conspicuous; worthy of note; remarkable; important; distinguished; noted
judgment that someone is guilty of a crime; strongly held belief
severe dizziness; giddiness
n promulgate
announce; proclaim a doctrine or law; make known by official publication
n unexceptionable
entirely acceptable; not offering any basis for criticism
sustaining; means of livelihood, support, food, nourishment; something that maintains life; food
without hope and courage; depressed; gloomy; N. despondency: loss of hope with gloom; dejection
show clearly
s psychosomatic
of the influence of the mind on the body (esp. with respect to disease)
s pharisee
Pharisee: member of an ancient Jewish group that emphasized strict observance of the Mosaic law (considering themselves very holy); hypocritical self-righteous person
n saunter
stroll(go for a leisurely walk) slowly; N.
respect or admiration; impression produced by achievements or reputation; ADJ: causing admiration; ADJ. prestigious: having prestige
n vendetta
blood feud (esp. between two families); CF. Nina Williams
waste; spend foolishly
n nugatory
worthless; futile
n determinate
having a fixed order of procedure; precisely defined; invariable; fixed; conclusive; final
n episodic
(of a story or play) loosely connected; made up of separate and loosely connected parts; N. episode: incident in the course of an experience
target of a hunt; victim; V: hunt and eat as prey; victimize; Ex. Cats prey on mice.
n cull
pick out from others (to kill the weakest members); reject; select; collect (information); N.
n madrigal
pastoral song; song for several singers without instruments
lack of balance or symmetry; disproportion
n unguent
n strut
supporting bar; CF. airplane wingÀ̳ª building µîÀ» support
n clavicle
s brand
trademark; mark burned on the hide of an animal; mark burned into the flesh of criminals; mark of disgrace; V: mark with a brand; give a lasting bad name; stigmatize; Ex. The press branded him a liar.
n askew
crookedly; slanted; at an angle
n curmudgeon
churlish, miserly individual; bad-tempered old person
n venerable
deserving high respect; commanding respect; CF. command: deserve and get
walking at an easy unhurried pace; V: walk slowly and aimlessly
conceited person; N. narcissism; CF. narcissus
s florescence
condition or period of flowering
n braggart
boaster; bragger
pertaining to mental dearrangement; N. psychopath: person with an antisocial personality disorder
s circuit
closed circular line around an area; circumference; regularly repeated journey from place to place
n arable
fit for growing crops; Ex. arable land
n gruff
rough-mannered; (of a voice) rough; hoarse
n mesmerize
hypnotize; N. mesmerism; CF. Franz Mesmer
n prehensile
capable of grasping or holding (esp. by wrapping around); Ex. prehensile tails
n pretentious
ostentatious; showy; pompous; making unjustified claims; overambitious; Ex. pretentious films that claim to be art
s defect
shortcoming; V: desert (in order to join the opposite one)
not to be taken away; nontransferable; Ex. inalienable rights
n elixir
cure-all; panacea; something invigorating
n restive
impatiently restless (induced by external coercion or restriction); restlessly impatient; obstinately resisting control; Ex. restive horses because of wolves; CF. not a general synonym for `restless'
s bound
leap or spring; limit or confine; constitute the limit of; Ex. bounded by Canada; N: leap or jumping; boundary; ADJ: certain; having a duty to do something (legally or morally); confined by bonds; Ex. We are bound to be late; Ex. I am bound to say my opinion; CF. bounce, rebound
n ignominy
deep disgrace; shame or dishonor; ADJ. ignominious; Ex. ignominous defeat
n sphinx-like
enigmatic; mysterious
n debauch
corrupt morally; seduce from virtue; N. debauchery: wild behavior (with sex and alcohol)
s tend
have a tendency; take care of; minister; serve at; apply one's attention; attend
rebound; reaction; reverberation; Ex. serious repercussion
s brisk
quick and active; marked by liveliness and vigor
n shackle
chain; fetter; confine with shackles; N.
desecrating; profane; N. sacrilege: desecration, misuse, or theft of something sacred
devoutness; reverence for God; ADJ. pious
enthusiastic follower; enthusiast; Ex. devotee of Bach
n dispirited
lacking in spirit
cowlike; placid and dull; slow-thinking; calm
n sententious
pithy; terse; concise; aphoristic
point or time at which the sun is farthest from the equator
n breach
breaking of contract or duty; fissure or gap; opening; V.
n perquisite(perk)
any gain above stipulated salary; Ex. perquisites such as free meals and a car
s malapropos
inappropriate; ADV.
pertaining to the stars; of a star performer; outstanding; Ex. stellar attraction of the entire performance
wandering from place to place; roving; stray; moving in a random fashion; Ex. vagrant thoughts; N. vagrancy
distribute; spread; scatter (like seeds)
n torrent
rushing stream; flood; Ex. The rain fell in torrents.
n ghastly
horrible; terrifying; resembling ghosts; CF. aghast
n testy
irritable; impatient and bad-tempered; short-tempered; N. testiness
supporter; backer; opposite of opponent
seriousness; ADJ. grave
oppose with arguments; attempt to refute; contradict; ADJ. controversial; N. controversy
n vivacious
lively or animated; sprightly
s dignitary
person of high rank or position
not subject to a duty or obligation; free from a duty; V.
s vibrant
full of vigor or energy; vibrating
one who has adopted a different religion or opinion; V: change into another form; (persuade to) adopt a particular religion or belief
n whelp
young animal (esp. of the dog or cat family
n unwitting
not knowing; unaware; unintentional; Ex. She was their unwitting accomplice; Ex. unwitting insult; CF. wit: know
existing at the beginning (of time); rudimentary
act of using one's will; act of making a conscious choice; Ex. She selected this dress of her own volition.
s kneel
go down on one's knee(s)
n parched
extremely dry; very thirsty; V. parch: make or become extremely dry (by exposure to heat)
n disengage
uncouple; separate; disconnect; stop fighting; OP. engage
supposed; Ex. reputed father of the child; V. repute: consider; N. repute: reputation; esteem
n mace
ceremonial staff used as a symbol of authority; clublike medieval weapon
mutual relationship
n fulsome
disgustingly excessive; offensively flattering; Ex. fulsome praise/expressions of admire
n onomatopoeia
words formed in imitation of natural sounds
n seedy
run-down; decrepit; disreputable; having many seeds; Ex. seedy downtown hotel
n lax
careless; negligent; not paying enough attention; Ex. lax service
person entitled to benefits or proceeds of an insurance policy or will
stingy; mean
n apoplexy
stroke; loss of consciousness caused by too much blood in the brain
strip (as of clothes); deprive (as of rights); dispossess; N. divestiture(divestment)
n tutelage
guardianship; training; function of a tutor; instruction
unable to be restrained or held back; impossible to hold back
counselor-at-law or lawyer in the higher court of law; CF. bar
uninterrupted; unceasing
n disport
amuse; Ex. disport oneself; CF. divert
n oaf
stupid awkward person; CF. elf
n limpid
crystal clear
cancel out; nullify; cause to have no effect; deny; N. negation
listing of information in tabular or book form; compiling
n insularity
narrow-mindedness; isolation; ADJ. insular: of an island; isolated; narrow-minded; CF. peninsula
s creep
move with body close to the ground; move stealthily or slowly; N.
n brusque
blunt; abrupt; curt; not wanting to waste time being nice
n codicil
supplement to the body of a will; later addition to a will
not able to be pierced or entered; beyond understanding; impossible to understand; Ex. impenetrable mystery
poisonous; N. toxicity
pertaining to the universe; vast
weird; causing fear because strange
s spare
give; use; refrain from harming; save from experiencing; exempt; Ex. spare me 5 minutes; Ex. Take this money and spare my life; Ex. The emperor was spared the onus; ADJ: kept in reserve; free for other use; unoccupied; Ex. spare time
(of rules) binding; rigid; marked by scarcity of money; Ex. stringent economic conditions
n abet
assist usually in doing something wrong; encourage
ordinary; commonplace; neither good nor bad
n covenant
binding agreement between two groups or people; compact; V: enter into a covenant; promise
s odds
chances; probability; disagreement; Ex. The odds are that it will rain. Ex. at odds with
n archipelago
group of closely located islands
n diffuse
wordy; verbose; rambling; spread out (like a gas); V: spread out in all directions; disperse; N. diffusion; CF. suffuse
n prelate
church dignitary; priest of high position in the church (esp. bishop)
n modicum
limited quantity; small amount; Ex. He does not have a modicum of sense; CF. moderate
s exquisite
delicate; very finely made; extremely beautiful; Ex. exquisite piece of jewelry
s flowery
full of flowers; full of ornate expressions
consecrate; put oil on (in a religious ceremony)
lizard that changes color in different situations
n gall
annoy; exasperate; chafe; N: skin sore caused by rubbing (as on the skin of a horse); exasperation
s understate
state with less truth than seems warranted by the facts; Ex. He understated the seriousness of the crime; N. understatement; OP. overstate
ridicule; ADJ. derisive; CF. derisory
n laconic
brief and to the point; using few words; terse
s compassion
sympathy for the suffering of others; ADJ. compassionate
s gangrene
decay of body tissue caused by insufficient blood supply (usually following injury); ADJ. gangrenous
n tether
tie (an animal) with a rope or tether; N: rope or chain to which an animal is tied; limit of one's endurance; Ex. the end of one's tether
s speck
small piece or mark; Ex. speck of dust in the eye
wasting away; V: weaken and lose flesh and muscle (through lack of blood or lack of use)
n visage
face; appearance
n largess
generous gift (given to people who do not have enough)
n phenomena
observable facts; subjects of scientific investigation; SG. phenomenon: observable fact; very unusual person, thing, or event; marvel; wonder; CF. phenomenons; ADJ. phenomenal: very unusual; extraordinary; of a phenomenon; Ex. phenomenal strength
increase in the volume or intensity as in a musical passage; climax; CF. crescent
Roman army officer (commanding a company of about 100 soldiers)
n cantata
story set to music to be sung by a chorus (shorter than an oratorio)
s suspend
cause to stop for a period; interrupt; hold in abeyance; defer; hang from above; exclude for a period from a position; Ex. suspended state; Ex. suspend judgment; Ex. suspended from the team; N. suspension
beg; plead with
n sap
diminish; weaken; undermine the foundations of (a fortification); Ex. The element kryptonite sapped his strength.
n jabber
chatter rapidly or unintelligibly
s humor
indulge; comply with the wishes of; N. quality that makes something amusing; state of mind; mood; Ex. in a bad humor; Ex. out of humor
form of literature in which irony, sarcasm, and ridicule are employed to attack human vice and folly
s chapel
small church (in a prison, college, or hospital)
grain-eating; CF. herbivore
n pedant
scholar who overemphasizes book learning, trivial details of learning, or technicalities
n murky
dark and gloomy; thick with fog; vague; Ex. murky night/fog; N. murk: partial or complete darkness; gloom
n adjutant
staff officer assisting the commander; assistant
s desperate
having lost all hope; despairing; reckless and violent because of loss of hope or despair; undertaken as a last resort
n tentative
not fully worked out or developed; provisional; experimental; uncertain; hesitant; not definite or positive; Ex. tentative agreement/reply
religious image; idol; image or representation
make thin; weaken
n figment
invention; something invented; imaginary thing; Ex. figment of your imagination
place of refuge; shelter; shrine; holy place; Ex. The outlaw was granted sanctuary in the church.
n mural
wall painting
n low
moo; make the sound of a cow
n tensile
capable of being stretched; of tension; Ex. tensile rubber
deliberately planned; likely
overlook; forgive; give tacit approval; excuse
great hardship or affliction; misfortune; calamitous event
n insalubrious
unwholesome; not healthful; Ex. insalubrious place
n didactic
(of speech or writing) intended to teach a moral lesson; teaching; instructional; N. didacticism
n scavenge
hunt through discarded materials for usable items or food; search, especially for food; N. scavenger: one who scavenges; animal that feeds on refuse and carrion
n prude
excessively modest or proper person (who is easily shocked by improper things, esp. of a sexual nature); N. prudery; ADJ. prudish: excessively concerned with propriety
n parquet
floor made of wood strips inlaid in a mosaic like matter; CF. strip: long narrow piece
s bruise
injure without breaking the skin; N.
n rue
regret; lament; mourn; Ex. He will rue the day; N. ADJ. rueful
reclining; lying down completely or in part
violate; desecrate (something holy); treat unworthily; be profane for; ADJ: secular; nonreligious; irreverent for holy things
n dotage
senility; feeblemindedness of old age; Ex. In one's dotage
s mash
crush into mash; convert into mash; N: mixture of ground grain and nutrients fed to livestock and fowl
n ken
range of knowledge; Ex. beyond one's ken
n sextant
navigation tool used to determine a ship's latitude and longitude (by measuring the altitudes of stars)
n mock
ridicule; deride; imitate often in derision
n canvass
determine or seek opinions, votes, etc.; go through (a region) to solicit votes or orders; conduct a survey; N.
n heterodox
(of beliefs) against accepted opinion; unorthodox; unconventional
n expostulation
protest; remonstrance; reasoning with someone to correct or dissuade; V. expostulate
fantastic; comically hideous; strange and unnatural (causing fear or amusement)
n coterie
group that meets socially; select circle; close group of people with shared interests
n manipulate
operate with one's hands; control or play upon (people, forces, etc.) artfully; maneuver; Ex. how to manipulate publicity and men; ADJ. manipulative
s lag
move or develop more slowly; straggle; Ex. lag behind the rest; N.
n squalor
condition of being squalid; filth; degradation; dirty neglected state; ADJ. squalid: dirty; sordid; morally repulsive; Ex. squalid story
n collage
work of art put together from fragments
calmness; peace
vary; go in different directions from the same point; ADJ. divergent: differing; deviating
n debutante
young woman making formal entrance into society
n maverick
rebel; nonconformist (in a group)
n blatant
extremely (offensively) obvious; loudly offensive; Ex. blatant lie; N. blatancy
s ram
male sheep; V. strike or drive against with a heavy impact
give up; do without
n archaic
antiquated; no longer used; belonging to the past; N.
n lagoon
shallow body of water or lake near a sea; lake separated from a sea by sandbars or coral reefs
s pushy
disagreeably aggressive
n stymie
thwart; present an obstacle; stump
n document
provide written evidence (for a claim); record with documents; N.
make invalid; make null; invalidate
n pharisaical
pertaining to the Pharisees, who paid scrupulous attention to tradition; self-righteous; hypocritical
conscientious; extremely thorough; Ex. scrupulous worker
n foppish
vain about dress and appearance; N. fop: man who takes too much interest in his clothes and appearance
s contrivance
something contrived; machine or apparatus; clever deceitful plan; scheme
s gross
total; fragrant; clearly wrong; (of people's behavior) coarse; corpulent; Ex. gross insolence/behavior; V: earn as a total amount; N: 12 dozens
conspicuously wicked, bad, or offensive; blatant; outrageous
n duress
forcible restraint, especially unlawfully; coercion by threat; illegal coercion; Ex. a promise made under duress
n balmy
soft and mild (of air); fragrant
n ethos
underlying character of a culture, group, etc.; character or ideas peculiar to a specific person, group, or culture; Ex. the company ethos
disgust; strong dislike; loathing; ADJ. repugnant: arousing disgust; repulsive
devout; religious; N. piety
s callus
area of thick hard skin
s terminal
part that forms the end; railroad or bus station; ADJ. forming an end; ending in death; fatal; Ex. terminal cancer
pertaining to disease; N. pathology: study of disease
s apiculture
systematic; N. method: systematic method of procedure
mental calmness
s well-bred
of good upbringing; well-mannered and refined
defame; disgrace; destroy confidence in; disbelieve; N. CF. discreditable: causing discredit; shameful
s feud
bitter prolonged quarrel (usually between two peoples or families); V. CF. Romeo and Juliet; CF. feudal, feudalism
feel or express pity or sympathy for
n topography
physical features of a region (such as the shape and height); CF. topo-: place
s smug
self-satisfied; complacent
excessively fat; N. obesity
calmness of temperament; composure
n vacillate
waver (in opinion); fluctuate; sway to and fro; N. vacillation
s shear
remove (fleece or hair) by cutting; remove the hair or fleece from; cut with or as if with shears; N: shears; pair of scissors
n avid
greedy; extremely eager for; Ex. avid learner; N. avidity
n funereal
sad; solemn; suitable for a funeral
s lubricate
apply a lubricant to; N. lubricant: substance that reduces friction
s awful
terrible; very bad
n retiring
shy and reserved (of a person); modest; Ex. her retiring personality
deep; not superficial; complete; Ex. profound thinker/remark/silence/deafness; N. profundity
n luscious
pleasing to taste or smell; delicious
false belief; hallucination; deluding; Ex. delusions of grandeur; Ex. under the delusion that
n bemoan
lament; moan for; express sorrow or disapproval of
n motley
multi-colored (as of a garment worn by a jester); mixed; heterogeneous; CF. jester: one who jests (as a paid fool at medieval courts)
dexterity; CF. sleight of hand: legerdemain; quickness of the hands in doing tricks
elastic; having the power of springing back; able to recover quickly (as from misfortune)
n equine
resembling a horse; Ex. equine face
n vassal
in feudalism, one who held land of a superior lord; subordinate or dependent
s trim
make neat or tidy by clipping; reduce by removing what is unnecessary; ornament; decorate (round the edges); Ex. trim the cost; Ex. jacket trimmed with fur; N. ADJ: tidy; in good order
fair; impartial; OP. inequitable
n jollity
gaiety; cheerfulness; ADJ. jolly: merry; gay
n sully
defile; soil; tarnish; Ex. sully one's hands in menial labor
n solicitous
anxious; worried; concerned; eager; Ex. solicitous to do something; N. solicitude
nonmoral; having no understanding of right and wrong
n litotes
understatement for emphasis; Ex. ``not bad(=pretty good)''
title; chapter heading; text under illustration
n juggernaut
irresistible crushing force; overwhelming advancing force that crushes everything in its path
n grate
make a harsh noise; have an unpleasant effect; shred by rubbing against a rough surface; Ex. grated cheese N: framework of metal bars to hold fuel in a fireplace
n veneer
thin surface layer (of good quality wood, glued to a base of inferior material); cover; surface show; fa\c{c}ade; V.
n hapless
unfortunate; luckless
n periphery
outside edge especially of a round surface; perimeter; Ex. periphery of the town
unselfishly generous; concerned for others; N. altiruism: unselfish concern for the welfare of others; unselfishness; OP. egoism
discordant; inharmonious; N. cacophony: unpleasant mixture of loud sounds
reprove severely; rebuke; N.
argumentative; fond of argument
n tepid
lukewarm; slightly warm; ¹ÌÁö±ÙÇÑ; half-hearted; not eager; Ex. tepid reaction to the new film; Ex. tepid supporter
n chimerical
fantastically improbable; highly unrealistic; N. chimera: unreal fancy; fire-breathing female creature
malicious misrepresentation; slander
n fraught
filled (with something unpleasant); full; Ex. fraught with danger and difficulties; CF. freight
s broil
cook by direct heat; N.
marked by inventive skill; clever; resourceful; N. ingenuity
(animal, person, or plant) inhabitant or resident of a particular place; regular visitor
contrast; direct opposite of or to; ADJ. antithetic or antithetical
n phlegmatic
calm and unexcitable; not easily disturbed; CF. phlegm: sticky mucus produced in the respiratory tract
n scotch
stamp out(put an end to); thwart; hinder; Ex. scotch the rumor; CF. cut; CF. È°µ¿À» ÁÙÀÌ´Â ÀǹÌ
unification; process of becoming firmer or stronger; V. consolidate: merge; strengthen
n upbraid
reprimand; severely scold
draftee; person forced into military service; V.
minor crime; misdeed; wrongdoing
squander; waste foolishly; scatter
n munificent
very generous in giving; Ex. munificent benefactor; N. munificience
n dross
waste matter; worthless impurities
n pinion
restrain or immobilize by binding the wings or legs; N: bird's wing
n cistern
reservoir or water tank
n defrock
strip a priest or minister of church authority; unfrock
n ragamuffin
dirty child in torn clothes; person wearing tattered clothes
n brocade
rich, figured(patterned) fabric
n gusto
eager enjoyment; zest; enthusiasm
n shunt
move (a railway train) from one track to another; turn aside; divert; sidetrack; Ex. shunt traffic around an accident; N.
n roster
list (of names)
insignificant; unimportant
repay in kind (usually for bad treatment); V. retaliate
forerunner; predecessor
of a prophet or prophecy; having to do with predicting the future; N. prophecy; V. prophesy; N. prophet
s enlist
(cause to) join the armed forces; obtain (help, sympathy, or support)
s emasculate
weaken; castrate
n assert
state strongly or positively; demand recognition of (rights, claims, etc.); make a claim to (by forceful action); Ex. assert one's independence
obstruct; prevent the free movement of; N: ½Ä·áÇ°À̳ª ÀǺ¹ µîÀ» ´ã´Â ¹Ù±¸´Ï
n juxtapose
place side by side; CF. next
n bedizen
dress with vulgar finery
support (a claim) with evidence; establish with evidence; verify
n solecism
nonstandard grammatical construction; construction that is flagrantly incorrect grammatically; violation of social etiquette
(of work) compensating; rewarding; profitable; well-paid; V. remunerate: reward; pay (someone) for work or trouble
n betoken
signify; indicate; be a sign of
having to do with citizens; not military or religious; courteous and polite; Ex. married in a civil ceremony; Ex. civil strife/disorder/law; N. civility; CF. civic
skillful (in using mind or hand)
make desolate; forsake; abandon and desert
n tendentious
promoting a particular point of view; biased; having an aim; designed to further a cause; Ex. tendentious rather than truth-seeking; CF. tend: move in a certain direction
n strut
pompous walk; V: walk in a self-important manner
profitable; producing wealth
s vulture
carrion-eating birds
defensive mound of earth
s court
attempt to gain; seek; woo; risk; behave so as to invite; attempt to gain the favor of by attention; Ex. court disaster
n impuissance
powerlessness; feebleness
(of the senses) sharp; quickly perceptive; keen; penetrating; brief and severe; Ex. acute sense of smell/analysis/pain
n falter
hesitate; weaken in purpose or action; walk or move unsteadily through weakness; N.
persuade; lead to do something; bring about; N. inducement
falling to pieces; in a bad condition; ruined because of neglect; Ex. dilapidated old car/castle; N. dilapidation
n virtuoso
highly skilled artist (esp. in music); Ex. piano virtuoso
divided into classes; arranged into strata; V. stratify
n swerve
deviate; turn aside sharply from a straight course; Ex. swerve from the principle; Ex. The car swerved to the right.
discerning; perceptive
n steadfast
steadily loyal; unswerving; steady
n cavil
quibble; make frivolous objections; find fault unnecessarily
excessively careful (with great attention to detail); painstaking; scrupulous
n beholden
obligated; indebted; owing thanks; obliged or indebted from gratitude
machine that separates substances by whirling them
slightly obscure; misty; unclear; N. haze: light mist or smoke; confused state of mind
n carousal
drunken revel; V. carouse
make valid; confirm; ratify
s oatmeal
crushed oats used for making porridge
ecclesiastical; pertaining to the church; N: minister; priest; cleric; clergyman
s sprout
begin to grow; give off shoots or buds; N: new growth on a plant; shoot
n forswear
renounce under oath; abandon; make a solemn promise to give up; CF. abjure
invigorating and refreshing; cheering; V. exhilarate: make cheerful and excited; Ex. exhilarated by the ride in the sports car
s mingle
mix together in close association
skillful; skill in using hands or mind; N. dexterity
harmful; CF. obnoxious
n piquant
pleasantly tart-tasting; spicy; pleasantly stimulating; Ex. piquant situation when my old enemy asked for my help
steep; overhasty; precipitate
funeral ceremony
pass into or through; penetrate or enter (an organization) sneakily; Ex. infiltrate the troops into enemy territory; CF. infiltrator
s stout
rather fat; strong in body; sturdy; resolute; determined; strong in determination; Ex. stout stick/supporter
make young again
belief in one God
s pending
not yet decided or settled; impending; Ex. pending decision; PREP. while awaiting; until; Ex. delay the decision pending his return
s dys-
abnormal; impaired
an assumed name esp. by a criminal (usually to mislead people); ADV. alias
n imprecation
curse; swearword
n skittish
inconstant; capricious; frivolous; not serious; Ex. charming but skittish young woman; CF. skit
n hoodwink
deceive; delude
n skulduggery(skullduggery)
dishonest behavior or action; Ex. skulduggery in the election
violation (of a rule or regulation); breach
n irascible
irritable; easily angered
s slack
moving slowly; sluggish; inactive; (of a rope) loose; negligent; lax; Ex. slack season; Ex. slack in one's work; N. V.
n insouciant
without concern or care; unconcerned; indifferent
n venal
capable of being bribed; corrupt; CF. vernal
n ethnic
relating to races
n engage
attract; employ; hire; pledge oneself; confront; fight; enter into confliction; interlock; lock together; participate; N. engagement: agreement to marry; arrangement to meet someone or to do something; battle
wise; shrewd; keen; seeing quickly something that is to one's advantage
n matriculate
enroll (in college or graduate school); CF. matrix
n capillary
having a very fine bore; resembling a hair; fine and slender; Ex. capillary attraction; N: very fine hairlike tube; CF. capillarity
stipulation; condition in an agreement; provision
n tithe
tax of one-tenth (contributed to a church); V: pay a tithe
s feature
distinctive part of the faces (as the eyes or mouth); features: overall appearance of the face; prominent or distinctive quality; prominent article; film; V: make prominent
n usurp
seize another's power or rank (without legal authority); supplant; appropriate; N. usurpation; CF. take for one's own use
situation that requires a choice between equally unfavorable options; problem; choice of two unsatisfactory alternatives
n regale
introductory; of a preface
n flinch
hesitate; shrink back (in fear of something unpleasant); Ex. She did not flinch in the face of danger.
n beatitude
blessedness; state of great happiness
unpredictable; fickle
branch out; divide into branches or subdivisions
n rote
repetition; memorization through repetition without understanding; Ex. learn poetry by rote
n mete
measure; distribute; administer; Ex. mete out justice/punishment
thrift; economy; ADJ. frugal: practicing economy; costing little; inexpensive
n fecundity
fertility; fruitfulness; ADJ. fecund: very productive of crops or young
lack of physical or mental energy; lassitude; depression
s parallel
similar; analogous; corresponding; N: parallel line; person or thing that is parallel (to another); similarity; Ex. know of no parallel to the case; Ex. without parallel; V: be similar to; make parallel; Ex. Your experience parallels mine; CF. unparalleled
theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresentational
n carping
petty criticism; fault-finding; fretful complaining; quibble
acquire; take possession of for one's own use without permission; set aside for a particular purpose; allocate; CF. misappropriate
n captious
faultfinding; too critical
agree; accept; N. assessment
fleeting or transitory; lasting only a short time; roving(wandering); running away or fleeing as from the law; N: one who flees; Ex. fugitives at large
n rancid
having the odor of stale or decomposing fat; rank
n jaunty
cheerful and pleased with life; lighthearted; animated; easy and carefree; dapper in appearance; Ex. jaunty person/hat
s vicar
parish priest; representative
s tread
walk; trample; N: grooved face of a tire; horizontal part of a step
n fritter
waste (time or money on unimportant things)
s liquidate
settle accounts; pay off (a debt); clear up; eliminate; kill or abolish
n skulk
move furtively and secretly; Ex. He skulked through the less fashionable sections of the city.
occupy fully; absorb
equal in extent; of the same size
cut away; trim
storage place for military equipment
n tipple
drink (alcoholic beverages) frequently; N: alcoholic drink
n chase
ornament a metal surface by indenting; follow rapidly to catch
n troth
pledge of good faith especially in betrothal; betrothal; Ex. by my troth
n minatory
menacing; threatening
boxer; CF. pugilism: boxing
s gild
cover with a thin layer of gold
balance of opposing forces; balance of the mind; equanimity
s rightful
legally correct; Ex. rightful owner
n magisterial
authoritative; imperious; commanding; of a magistrate; Ex. magisterial study of Roman law; Ex. magisterial manner
s infest
inhabit in numbers large enough to be harmful; Ex. Mice infested the house; Ex. shark-infested waters
n chicanery
trickery; deception
n loll
lounge about
fully filled; filled to the brim or to the point of being stuffed; abundantly supplied; Ex. report replete with errors
s paste
smooth viscous mixture as of flour(powder made by crushing grain) and water (used as an adhesive); V: cause to adhere by applying paste
n lode
metal-bearing vein(long deposit of an ore)
sum; total; ADJ. V: gather into a mass or whole; accumulate; add up to; Ex. aggregate 100 dollars
in agreement; harmonious; corresponding; coinciding exactly; CF. congruous
relating to space
mental or bodily powers; teaching staff
s avantgarde
group of artists whose work is based on the newest ideas and methods; CF. vanguard
n proselytize
(induce someone to) convert to a religion or belief; N. proselyte: new convert to a doctrine or religion
s topple
become unsteady and fall down
s blotch
spot; blot; CF. blot+botch
n spurn
reject disdainfully; scorn; Ex. She spurned all offers of help.
n taciturn
habitually silent; talking little
s skim
read or glance through quickly; touch lightly in passing; brush; remove from the surface of a liquid
s draught
current of air (through a room or to a fire); act of pulling roads; act of swallowing liquid or amount of liquid swallowed at a time
n glaring
(of something bad) highly conspicuous; harshly bright; shining intensely and blindingly
n flit
fly; fly or move lightly or quickly; dart lightly; pass swiftly by; Ex. a bee flitting from flower to flower
n beset
harass or trouble from all directions; hem in
n importune
beg persistently; make repeated requests (in an annoying way)
relating to the art of debate; mutual or reciprocal; Ex. dialectical situation; N. dialectic: art of arriving at the truth by the exchange of logical arguments
pertaining to passionate love or sexual love
widespread; affecting the majority of people; N: pandemic disease; CF. all people
s sly
clever in deceiving; secretive; not telling one's intentions
s mass
Christian religious ceremony; CF. Mass: ceremony of the Eucharist
n benefit
advantage; anything that brings helpl, advantage, or profit; money provided by the government to the people; fund-raising public entertainment; Ex. unemployment benefit; V: receive benefits; be beneficial to; give benefits
vanity or self-love; too high opinion of one's own value; extravagant metaphor (in poetry)
close observation of a person (esp. one under suspicion); watching; guarding
examination of accounts of a business; official examination; V.
indignation; bitterness; displeasure; V. resent: feel anger about
weaken; destroy; make invalid; nullify
n neophyte
recent convert; new member of a religious group; beginner; CF. plant
take vengence for something or on behalf of someone; Ex. They avenged his death by burning the village; Ex. He swore to avenge his brother; Ex. They avenged themselves on their enemy.
n ruminate
chew over and over (mentally or, like cows, physically); mull over(ponder)
not compulsory; left to one's choice; N. option: act of choosing; choice; freedom or power to choose; something available as a choice; Ex. have no option; Ex. two options
unclear or doubtful in meaning; having more than one possible interpretation
n gossamer
sheer; very light; like cobwebs; N: soft and sheer fabric; cobweb
arrange (laws or rules) as a code; classify; N. code: system of words used instead of ordinary writing; collection of laws, rules, established social customs
burst inward; CF. vaccum tube
n expropriate
take possession of (often for public use and without payment)
s polarity
state of having two opposite qualities
abnormal or deviant
n florid
ruddy; (of a complexion) reddish; flowery; very ornate; CF. rose
n hummock
small hill; hillock
s incinerate
burn to ashes
n elysian
relating to paradise; blissful
reckon; calculate
s recline
lie down
explain; make clear; clarify; enlighten; CF. lucid
n conclave
private secret meeting
n gory
bloody; N. gore: blood (from a wound)
s plump
pleasantly fat; nicely rounded
s nebula
diffuse mass of interstellar dust or gas; galaxy
n paleontology
study of prehistoric life or fossils; CF. paleo-: ancient or prehistoric; Ex. paleography: study of ancient written documents
s groove
long narrow channel made in a surface to guide the movement of something; Ex. groove of the record
s droop
bend or hang downward; become weakened; Ex. His shoulders drooped with tiredness; N.
liable to err
s sovereign
ruler in a monarchy; ADJ: (of a country) independent and self-governing; having supreme power; supreme; excellent
s compartment
one of the parts into which an enclosed space is divided
deduce; conclude; N. inference
s maraud
move in search of plunder; Ex. marauding army
evildoer; criminal
n simian
monkeylike; N: ape or monkey
n dubious
questionable; (of something) causing doubt; (of someone) filled with doubt; N. dubiety
n salient
prominent; projecting beyond a line; conspicuous; Ex. salient features
n malaise
uneasiness; vague feeling of ill health (without any particular pain or appearance of disease)
n mountebank
charlatan; boastful pretender
s throb
(of a heart or machine) beat rapidly or violently; N. Ex. hearthrob: heartbeat; sweetheart
include; consist of
s galvanic
of the production of electricity by the action of an acid on a metal; having the effect of an electric shock; Ex. galvanic cell; galvanic effect; CF. Luigi Galvani
person who enjoys his own pain; CF. masochism
s abide
dwell; abide by: comply with; put up with; tolerate; Ex. abide by the rules; Ex. I can't abide rude people.
n distinction
honor; excellence; difference; contrast; discrimination; Ex. graduated with distinction; Ex. a writer of real distinction
father and ruler of a family or tribe
correct; change ; generally for the better
n physiological
pertaining to the science of the function of living organisms; N. physiology
n gape
open widely; open the mouth wide; stare wonderingly with the mouth open; CF. agape
n pan
criticize harshly
n tarantula
venomous spider
excessively or elaborately decorated
s interstice
narrow space between things
s nourishment
something that nourishes; food
highest point; the point farthest from the earth; OP. perigee
n dais
raised platform for speakers or other important people
n incorporeal
without a material body; insubstantial
plunder; sack; Ex. despoil the village
n ford
place where a river can be crossed on foot; V.
n tutelary
protective; pertaining to a guardianship; Ex. tutelary deities
n quarry
dig into (to get stone); N: mine; ä¼®Àå
obscurity; condition of being completely forgotten; forgetfulness
insult; offense; intentional act of disrespect; V: insult or hurt the feelings of intentionally
n mannered
affected; not natural; Ex. mannered way of speech
holding fast (as to a belief); persistent
n labile
likely to change; unstable; Ex. emotionally labile; N. lability
negligent; (of someone) neglectful of duty; (of something) deserted by an owner; abandoned; N: abandoned property; homeless or vagrant person
n maul
handle roughly; batter; injure by beating; Ex. mauled by his overexcited fans; N: heavy long-handled hammer
impudent disrespect; haughtiness; ADJ. insolent; CF. haughty + rude
one who is introspective or inclined to think more about oneself; ADJ. introverted
n obfuscate
confuse; muddle; cause confusion; make needlessly complex; make so confused as to be difficult to understand
suitable; to the point; relevant
n immolate
offer or kill as a sacrifice (by fire)
assist (someone in difficulty); aid; comfort; N.
n giddy
light-hearted; not serious; frivolous; dizzy; causing dizziness; Ex. giddy youth; Ex. giddy climb/height
n devolve
deputize; pass or be passed to others (power, work, or property); Ex. devolve on/upon/to
n exasperate
vex; annoy or make angry (by testing the patience)
s trance
hypnotic state; ecstatic state; detachment from one's physical surrounding (as in contemplation or daydreaming); CF. transition
indirect or roundabout expression (by using an uncecessarily large number of words esp. when trying to avoid answering a difficult question directly)
an act of yielding; conceding; something conceded; point, right, etc. given unwillingly; privilege of maintaining a business in a certain place; Ex. oil concessions in the North sea; CF. concessionaire
n shrew
scolding woman; very small mouselike animal
n drab
dull; lacking color; cheerless ; Ex. drab coat/life
moderate; make less severe; tone down or restrain; toughen (steel) as by alternate heating and cooling
s homely
not good-looking; unattractive
loss of memory
annoy; distress
n igneous
produced by fire; of fire; volcanic; (of rocks) formed from lava; Ex. igneous meteorite
s transpose
reverse the order or position of
help bring about; make less difficult
n hermetic
sealed by fusion so as to be airtight; airtight
n imbroglio
complicated situation (as in a play); painful or complex misunderstanding (as in a play); entanglement; confused mass (as of papers); V. embroil
n sham
pretend; feign; ADJ: not genuine; fake; Ex. sham jewelry; N: something that is not what it appears; impostor; pretense; Ex. The agreement was a sham.
n amass
collect (gradually, in a very large amount)
n esoteric
hard to understand; known only to the chosen few, esp. initiates; N. esoterica
s unceremonious
not done politely without due formalities
stinginess; excessive frugality; ADJ. parsimonious
surround; include; Ex. His activities encompass publishing and computers.
n frenetic(phrenetic)
frenzied; frantic
in essence; existing in essence though not in actual form; for practical purposes; Ex. virtual ruler/space
n factitious
artificial; produced artificially; sham; false; Ex. factitious tears
s frolic
play and jump about happily; frisk; Ex. frolicking young lambs
minor fight; minor battle in war; V.
n partisan
one-sided; prejudiced; committed to a party (with dislike of any others); N: strong supporter of a party; guerrilla
not effective; not having a desired effect; weak
n pulchritude
beauty; comeliness; ADJ. pulchritudinous
having absolute unchecked power; dictatorial; N. autocrat, autocracy
bravery; ADJ. valiant: possessing valor; brave
kindly; doing good
s lionize
treat (a person) as a celebrity
n haven
place of safety; refuge; harbor; Ex. tax haven
n sage
person celebrated for wisdom; wise person; ADJ: wise
favoring success; giving signs of future success; Cf. auspices
reconciling; soothing; V. conciliate: reconcile; soothe; win the friendly feelings (by removing anger)
n mettle
courage (to continue bravely in spite of difficulties); spirit; ADJ. mettlesome
n navigable
(of a body of water) wide and deep enough to allow ships to pass through; (of a ship or aircraft) able to be steered
weak; N. frailty
n humus
substance or rich soil formed by decaying vegetable matter; CF. soil
n plagiarize
steal another's ideas or writings and pass them off as one's own; Ex. ideas plagiarized from my article; N. plagiarism; CF. kidnap
arrest (a criminal); dread; perceive; N. apprehension
n unconscionable
unscrupulous; not guided by conscience; excessive; beyond reason; Ex. unconscionable demand
s commonplace
ordinary; N: something ordinary or common; trite remark
n refractory
unmanageable; disobedient and stubborn; Ex. refractory horse
n extraneous
not essential; irrelevant; superfluous; external; coming from the outside; Ex. extraneous details/noise/to the subject
fundamental reason or principle (on which a system or principle is based); fundamental reason or justification; grounds for an action
predicament(dangerous condition) from which there is no escape; situation allowing for no further progress
satisfy (thirst); quench; sate
conclusion; concluding part
tangible; (of something bad) easily perceptible; obvious; Ex. palpable blunder
n petrify
turn to stone; cause to become stonelike; stun or paralyze
rubbing away; tending to grind down
n hirsute
hairy; having a lot of hair
s tawny
brownish yellow
s nausea
feeling of sickness and desire to vomit; disgust; CF. seasickness
apparent; appearing as such; professed(pretended); pretended; Ex. ostensible purpose of the expedition
s lust
intense sexual desire; intense eagerness; V.
s artery
blood-vessel; CF. vein
s egotism
tendency to speak or write of oneself excessively; conceit; self-importance
n lineaments
features especially of the face; distinctive shape or contour of the face; CF. line
n holster
leather pistol case (that hangs on a belt around the waist)
n caldron(cauldron)
large kettle
s idyll(idyl)
short poem idealizing rural life; simple happy period of life (in the country); scene from such a time; Ex. idyll of two young lovers
expand; dilate on/upon: speak or write at length on (a subject)
n impale
pierce (with a sharp point); Ex. impaled by the spear
s camp
group sharing a common cause or opinion
n farce
broad comedy; mockery; humorous play full of silly things happening; ADJ. farcical
disrepute; ill fame
n pastiche
imitation of another's style in musical composition or in writing; work of art openly imitating the works of other artists
power of endurance; strength; staying power
something long-lasting; perennial plant; ADJ: lasting through the year or many years; lasting for a long time; enduring
n geniality
cheerfulness; kindliness; sympathy; ADJ. genial: cheerful and good-tempered
n effluvium
noxious(harmful) smell
n stipple
paint or draw with dots or short strokes
refusal to yield; resistance; V. defy; ADJ. defiant
one who commits sabotage; destroyer of property; N. sabotage: destruction of property (usually carried out secretly)
n warble
(of a bird) sing; babble; N.
equipment; odds and ends used in a particular activity; personal belongings; Ex. photographic paraphernalia; CF. married woman's property exclusive of her dowry
hide; retard or obstruct the progress of; block
providing for future needs; displaying foresight; thrifty; preparing for emergencies; OP. improvident
(of costs or demands) excessive; exceeding reasonable bounds
n flux
flowing; series of changes; fluctuation; Ex. in a state of flux
n drone
idle person who lives on other people's work; male bee
suggestive; implying; serving to indicate
speaking several languages; multilingual; Ex. polyglot person/society; N.
n allegory
story, play, or picture in which characters are used as symbols; fable
seize; take possession of (private property) by official order (usu. as a punishment); commandeer
s stammer
speak with involuntarily pauses or repetitions
n paean
song of praise or joy; Ex. paeans celebrating the victory
n muster
gather; assemble (troops); Ex. muster up one's strength for the ordeal; N.
n truism
self-evident truth
n cherubic
angelic; innocent-looking; N. cherub; CF. seraph: winged angel of the highest order
aimless; haphazard; digressing at random
n subterfuge
stratagem(deceptive scheme); pretense; evasion; Ex. resort to a harmless subterfuge
n piscatorial
pertaining to fishing; CF. Pisces
individual trait usually odd in nature; behavioral peculiarity; eccentricity; attitude, behavior, or opinion peculiar to a person; anything highly individual or eccentric; ADJ. idiosyncratic
aqueduct; passageway for fluids
n unction
the act of anointing with oil; Ex. extreme unction
n anthology
book of literary selections by various authors; CF. omnibus
n rift
narrow opening in a large mass; break in a friendly relation; Ex. through a rift in the clouds; OP. reconcilation
n propitiate
appease; conciliate; make peaceful; ADJ. propitiatory
increase; make greater (as in value, reputation, or usefulness); improve
s Elysium
place or condition of bliss
temporary invasion; CF. excursion: short journey
s suitor
man who is courting a woman
solemn urging; V. adjure: entreat earnestly; enjoin solemnly
n wax
increase gradually (as the moon); grow
n lumber
move heavily or clumsily; Ex. The bear lumbered through the woods; N: timber
heavy and awkward to carry or wear; burdensome; Ex. cumbersome parcel/uniform
n iconoclastic
attacking cherished traditions; N. iconoclast: one who attacks traditional ideas; one who destroys sacred images
n buxom
full-bosomed; plump; jolly
n timbre
quality of a musical tone produced by a musical instrument (which distinguishes it from others of the same pitch)
n dour
sullen; gloomy; stubborn
small planet
growth or increase in size by gradual addition; growth; increase; increase by natural growth; Ex. towers and other accretions of the castle; V. accrete
n nutrient
nourishing substance; ADJ: providing nourishment
n sear
burn the surface of; char or burn; brand; parch; cause (a plant) to wither
element that is a creature's natural environment; nutrient setting in which microorganisms are cultivated; appropriate occupation or means of expression; channel of communication; compromise; middle position between extremes; intervening substance through which something else is transmitted
s forthcoming
happening in the near future; ready; willing to help; Ex. No answer was forthcoming.
pious; deeply religious; sincere; earnest; Ex. my devout hope
without feeling; expressionless; imperturbable; stoical; Ex. impassive face
s personify
represent (an inanimate object) as a person; be the embodiment or perfect example of; Ex. She is evil/patience personified; N. personification
s hypnosis
induced sleeping state; ADJ. hypnotic; V. hypnotize
n quash
crush; suppress; squash; subdue; annul; Ex. quash a rebellion/the decision of the low court
s score
number of points; written form of a musical composition; reason; group of 20; notch or incision; Ex. full/vocal score; Ex. Don't worry on that score; V: mark with lines or notches; Ex. score the paper to make it easy to fold
n inarticulate
speechless; producing indistinct speech; not articulate; not expressing oneself clearly
s rabble
mob; noisy crowd
n parlance
language; manner of speaking; idiom; Ex. in legal/common parlance
gigantic statue; person or thing of great size or importance
s slick
make smooth or glossy; N: smooth surface; Ex. oil slick; ADJ: smooth; glossy; deftly executed; adroit; glib
n aegis
shield; protection; defense
n wangle
achieve by cleverness or trick; wiggle out; fake; Ex. She tried to wangle an invitation to the party.
n acclivity
sharp upslope of a hill; OP. declivity
n repine
fret; complain; be annoyed; Ex. repine over the undone work
diligent; hard-working; N. industry
s rake
angle of a slope; V: slant from the perpendicular
n smelt
melt (ore) for separating and removing the metal; melt or blend ores changing their chemical composition
patiently submissiveness; statement that one is quitting a job; ADJ. resigned: acquiescent
n tangential
only slightly connected; not central; peripheral; digressing; showing divergence; CF. tangent
inquiry; question; V.
n reverie
daydream; abstracted musing
repetition of beginning sound in poetry
s waver
move or swing back and forth; be uncertain or unsteady in decision or movement; Ex. wavering between accepting and refusing
n flaccid
flabby; lacking firmness; weak; Ex. flaccid muscles
stubborn and disobedient; resisting authority (esp. disobedient to an order made by a court)
denoting a widely used temperature scale (basically same as Celsius)
command; order; forbid
able to produce a desired effect; valid
n medley
records arranged in yearly parts; history
s putrefy
make or become putrid; N. putrefaction
n bluster
blow in heavy gusts; threaten emptily; bully; speak in a noisy or bullying manner; CF. breeze, gust, gale
indirect; slanting (deviating from the perpendicular or from a straight line); Ex. oblique reference
n colander
utensil with perforated bottom used for straining
s drip
fall or let fall in drops; shed drops; N: action or sound of falling in drops; liquid that falls in drops
frustrate; perplex
enclose; surround; N. environs: surrounding area (as of a city)
n bluff
pretense (of strength); deception; high cliff; ADJ: rough but good-natured
capable of using either hand with equal ease
n equivocal
(of words or statements) ambiguous; intentionally misleading; (of behavior) questionable; OP. unequivocal
adjacent to; touching upon
propriety; orderliness and good taste in manners; appropriateness of behavior or conduct
s rip
tear or be torn quickly and violently; Ex. The sail ripped under the force of the wind; N.
(of a person or book) learned; full of learning; scholarly; N. erudition
s indecisive
marked by indecision; inconclusive; Ex. indecisive battle
respectable; having a good reputation
make amends for; pay for; Ex. atone for
n ignoble
unworthy; not noble; dishonorable; Ex. ignoble deed
expressing possibility; latent; N: capacity for growth
like a corpse; pale
vehicle; transfer; act of conveying; Ex. public conveyance
n bountiful
generous; graciously generous; showing bounty
refine (a liquid by evaporating and subsequent condensation); concentrate; separate the most important parts from; Ex. distill fresh water from sea water; CF. brew
injure; hurt; damage
n vaunted
boasted; bragged; highly publicized; V. vaunt: boast; brag
s variegate
change the appearance of (by marking with different colors)
unjustified; having no justification; groundless; baseless; undeserved
n somber
dark; gloomy; melancholy; depressing; CF. shadow
small waterfall
n canine
related to dogs; doglike
n quell
suppress; put an end to; put down forcibly; extinguish; quiet; Ex. ``Army Quells Rebellion'' in newspaper; CF. kill
animal or plant living on another; toady; sycophant; CF. para-: beside
n fervid
ardent; zealous; hot
state of collapse or weakness caused by illness or old age
n pensive
dreamily or deeply thoughtful; sadly thoughtful; thoughtful with a hint of sadness; contemplative; CF. think over
n odyssey
long, eventful, adventurous journey
n shambles
(place or scene of) complete disorder or ruin; wreck; mess; Ex. After the hurricane, the coast was a shambles.
lack of premeditation; naturalness; freedom from constraint; ADJ. spontaneous: self-generated; unpremeditated; happening without being planned
cut the top off; shorten
s pang
sudden sharp feeling of pain
n splice
join together end to end to make one continuous length; fasten together; unite; Ex. splice two strips of tape; N.
s blight
plant disease; V: infect with blight; ruin; destroy
follow (as a result)
n flamboyant
ornate; highly elaborate; richly colored; ostentatious; showy; CF. flame
s fuss:
trouble or worry over trifles; make nervous; pay too much attention to; N: needless concern or worry (about a trivial thing); anxious nervous condition; display of attention; Ex. make a fuss over the baby
n cardinal
chief; most important; N: priest; cardinal number: number that shows quantity rather thatn order
s matrimony
state of being married
portray; depict; sketch; describe; N. delineation
ceremonious quality; ceremonious adherence to rules; something done just for form's sake; Ex. mere formality
most reliable; authorative and complete; that cannot be improved; conclusive; decisive; definite; Ex. definitive decision by the supreme court
n sartorial
pertaining to tailors or tailoring; Ex. a man of great sartorial elegance; CF. sartor: tailor
s ransack
search thoroughly; pillage (going through a place); Ex. Enemy soldiers ransacked the town.
lay eggs (in large numbers); produce offspring (in large numbers); N: eggs of aquatic animals
n invoke
call and bring into use (a right or law); call on/upon (a higher power or god) for help; ask for; beg for; conjure (a spirit); Ex. invoke the veto power; Ex. invoke one's advisor/God
s swear
vow; promise; use profane oaths; use offensive words
tending to cause death; highly injurious; aggressively malevolent; Ex. malignant tumor
specialized knowledge (in a particular field); expert skill
n extrapolation
projection; conjecture; V. extrapolate: infer (unknown information) from known information
model of perfection; Ex. paragon of virtue
wanderer (without a permanent home); tramp
n buccaneer
n manifestation
outward demonstration; manifesting; indication of the presence of something; Ex. manifestation of his pronounced musical bent
n lachrymose
producing tears; tearful
substance that removes sensation with or without loss of consciousness; N. anesthesia
impervious; not permitting passage through its substance; impossible to permeate
n rhapsodize
speak or write in an exaggeratedly enthusiastic manner; Ex. rhapsodize over the beauty of the scenery
n sylvan
pertaining to the woods or the country
n vituperative
abusive; scolding; V. vituperate: berate; scold; rail against abusively
s requisition
formal demand or request; Ex. requisition for more computing equipment; V.
s scion
detached plant shoot used in grafting; descendant
n rousing
lively; inducing excitement; stirring; V. rouse: waken; arouse from sleep or depression; excite; stir up
s galley
low ship with sails (rowed along by slaves)
firm dislike
reflection; thought; V. meditate
s sour
having a sharp or acid taste; acid; tart; bad-tempered; V.
n unmitigated
(of something bad) not moderated; unrelieved or immoderate; without qualification; absolute; Ex. unmitigated disaster
n threadbare
worn through till the threads show; shabby and poor; hackneyed; Ex. threadbare excuses
n molt(moult)
periodically shed or cast off hairs or feathers (for replacement by a new growth)
brief and compact
teaching; art of education
n meek
submissive; patient and long-suffering
n usury
lending money at illegal high rates of interest
s cemetery
place for burying the dead
loathe; hate
punishment; severe criticism or disapproval
n precarious
unsafe; lacking in stability; uncertain; risky; Ex. precarious living
n elegy
poem or song expressing lamentation (for the dead); ADJ. elegiacal, elegiac
s impassioned
(of speech) filled with passion; fervent
n mite
very small object or insect-like creature; small coin
remorse; strong uneasiness caused by guilt
s boost
lift by pushing up from below; increase; raise; N: push upward; increase
destroy completely; wipe out; Ex. obliterate the village
n gloss_over
explain away with the intention of deceiving or hiding faults
n stoke
stir up a fire or furnace; feed plentifully
n oust
expel; drive out; force out; N. ouster: ousting
n slacken
slow up; loosen; make or become slack
separate; unconnected
hard; inflexible
n dupe
someone easily fooled or deceived; V: deceive
impossible to reconcile; incompatible; not able to be resolved
s lookout
act of keeping watch; high place commanding a wide view; person who keeps watch
interpret incorrectly; misinterpret; misjudge
s debut
d\'ebut; first public appearance; formal presentation of a young woman to society
hollow; curved inwards; OP. convex
n sever
separate; cut off (a part) from a whole; break up (a relationship); N. severance; CF. severance pay: extra pay given an employee upon leaving a position
s grumble
complain; mutter discontentedly; grouch; N.
obscure; profound; difficult to understand
s shift
change position or place; exchange (one thing) for another; change in direction or position; Ex. shift the stolen goods; N. group of workers which takes turns with other groups; working period of such a group
n doctrinaire
unable to compromise about points of doctrine; dogmatic; unyielding; marked by inflexible attachment to a doctrine without regard to its practical difficulties
n jovial
good-natured; merry; cheerful
n restitution
returning something (lost or stolen) to the rightful owner; reparation; indemnification; compensation for loss, damage, or injury
n scuttle
sink (a ship) by cutting holes in the hull; scrap; discard; N: small hatch in a ship's deck or hull
n abeyance
suspended action
n piecemeal
one part at a time; gradually; in stages; Ex. read a novel piecemeal
n spasmodic
fitful; periodic; of or like a spasm; N. spasm: sudden involuntary muscular contraction; sudden burst of energy or emotion
n sadistic
inclined to cruelty; N. sadism: delight in cruelty
n catcall
shout of disapproval or displeasure (made at the theater or a sports match); boo; V.
s dissonance
cheerful promptness without reluctance
knowledge; ADJ. cognizant; having knowledge; aware
having great volume (as of a garment or container); bulky; large
n parley
conference (between opponents); CF. speak
disobedient; lawless; difficult to control
n palate
roof of the mouth; sense of the taste
n disinter
dig up; unearth; OP. inter
s wade
walk through a substance, such as water, that impedes movement
supplying nourishment
s blemish
mar; spoil the beauty or perfection of; N: flaw or defect (that spoils perfection); Ex. blemishes in the crystal; CF. unblemished
thin and wasted (from hunger or illness)
s arboreal
of or living in trees
n callow
youthful; immature; inexperienced
s volley
simultaneous discharge of a number of shots; V.
s chancellor
legal official of high rank; CF. chancellery(chancellory): position of a chancellor
n fulcrum
support on which a lever rests or pivots
s enliven
make lively or spirited; animate
put into effect; carry out; kill as a lawful punishment; N. execution
n culinary
relating to cooking or kitchen
s inebriate
make drunk; intoxicate; N. intoxicated person
medieval chemistry
s billow
large wave of water; a great swell or surge (of smoke); V: surge, swell, roll in billows
obedient; easily managed; submissive
n oracular
of an oracle; prophetic; uttered as if with divine authority; mysterious or ambiguous; hard to understand; N. oracle: wiser person; prophecy made by an oracle
joyous; celebratory; relating to a feast or festival
n pedantic
bookish; showing off learning; marked by an excessive ostentatious concern for book learning; N. pedantry
n faction
party; clique (within a large group); dissension
language used by special group; technical terminology; gibberish; nonsensical or incoherent talk
s judiciary
judicial branch of government
n nettle
irritate; annoy; vex; ADJ. nettlesome
s sterile
incapable of producing young; free from microorganism; V. sterilize
s mangle
tear or cut to pieces; mutilate or disfigure; Ex. badly mangled bodies
cry out suddenly; N. exclamation; ADJ. exclamatory
s wrinkle
small ridge on a smooth surface (face or cloth); V.
n unearthly
not earthly; supernatural; weird; ghostly
mysterious; secret; supernatural; beyond human comprehension; CF. mysterious to human ?; OP. bare
n surfeit
satiate; feed or supply to excess; stuff; indulge to excess in anything; N: surfeiting; excessive amount; Ex. surfeit of food
s merit
deserve; ADJ. meritorious: deserving reward or praise
n knoll
little round hill; hillock
offering or providing help; additional or subsidiary; N: helper; assistant
n fray
brawl; fight; V: wear away or unravel by rubbing; have loose threads developing; cause to become worn out (a person's temper or nerves); CF. rub
n slight
insult to one's dignity; snub; V: treat as if of small importance; insult; snub; ADJ. small in size; of small importance
condemn; criticize; N. denunciation
n comeuppance
deserts; well-deserved punishment or misfortune; rebuke
s padre
chaplain (in the armed forces)
s incident
event; event that causes a crisis
n beatific
giving or showing bliss; blissful
very small quantity
kinship; relationship by birth
s hive
box for bees; V: cause to go in a hive
withholding belief; skeptical; showing disbelief
n dyspeptic
suffering from indigestion; N. dyspepsia: indigestion; difficulty in digesting food
n fiat
command; arbitrary order; Ex. presidential fiat; CF. let it be done
s limp
walk lamely; ADJ: lacking firmness; weak
s shed
small roofed structure for storage and shelter; V: pour forth; lose by natural process; repel without allowing penetration; radiate; cast; Ex. shed tears/light/water/skin/leaves
mixture of writings on various subjects; collection of various items
s consanguineous(consanguine)
having a common ancestor
n bristling
rising like bristles; showing irritation
causing sadness, compassion, pity; touching
n roseate
rosy; optimistic; Ex. roseate views
s bar
railing in a courtroom; legal profession; vertical line dividing a staff into equal measures; Ex. prisoner at the bar; V: shut in or out with bars; forbid; exclude; CF. barrister
n befuddle
confuse thoroughly
s ventilate
admit fresh air into to replace stale air
n apostate
one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs; N. apostasy
s pedigree
ancestry; lineage
complete; necessary for completeness; Ex. integral part
n equipoise
balance; balancing force; equilibrium
s haunt
(of a spirit) visit (a place); come to mind continually; visit (a place) regularly; frequent; Ex. haunted house; Ex. haunted by his last words; N: place much frequented
small in amount; minute
n gist
essence; main point; substance
artistic; dealing with or capable of appreciating the beautiful (of a person or building); CF. aesthete; CF. aesthetics
s intrigue
make secret plans; plot; arouse the curiosity of; N: secret scheme; plot; secret love affair
s rag
scrap of cloth; ADJ. ragged: old and torn; seeming unfinished and imperfect; Ex. ragged debut/performance
n interpolate
insert between
leave to someone by means of a will; hand down in his will; N. bequest
lack of caring; indifference; lack of concern or interest in important matters; Ex. He was sunk in apathy after his failure; ADJ. apathetic
kingdom; field or sphere; Ex. not within the realms of possibility
writings preceding and following the passage quoted; circumstance in which an event occurs
n quagmire
bog; marsh; soft, wet, boggy land; predicament; complex or dangerous situation from which it is difficult to free oneself
illicit lover
n glut
overstock; fill beyond capacity (with food); fill to excess; N: oversupply
beyond reproach; blameless; impeccable; Ex. irreproachable conduct
n roil
make liquids murky by stirring up sediment; disturb
s high-flown
highly pretentious or inflated
oddity; idiosyncrasy
s pervert
corrupt; turn from right to wrong; misuse; Ex. perverted sexual desire/scientific knowledge; N: person whose sexual behavior is not natural
n halting
hesitant; faltering; not fluent; Ex. halting steps/voice; V. halt: proceed or act with uncertainty; falter; hesitate; waver; stop
n Machiavellian
crafty; double-dealing; of the political doctrine of Machiavelli, which holds that craft and deceit are justified in pursuing political power
n bastion
stronghold; something seen as a source of protection; Ex. the last bastion of male chauvinism
disparage; depreciate
n plenitude
abundance; plenty; great amount; completeness; fullness; CF. plenary, plenty
deep regret for wrongdoing; guilt; self-reproach
hug; clasp with the arms; adopt or espouse; accept readily; encircle; include; Ex. embrace the cause/socialism; Ex. all-embracing; CF. brace; CF. bracelet
word for word; in the same words; repeating the actual words exactly
n immure
imprison; shut up in confinement; CF. wall
n rhetoric
art of effective communication; art of using language effectively and persuasively; style of speaking or writing; grandiloquent language; Ex. political rhetoric; ADJ. rhetorical; CF. rhetorical question: question to which no answer is expected as ``Who knows it ?''
n collation
a light meal; collating
beginner; novice
s Epicurean
believing that pleasure is good and suffering is bad and should be avoided; N.
s misconduct
immoral behavior; bad management; V.
s clown
act stupidly; play the fool; N.
recognize; admit
s coma
deep prolonged unconsciousness caused by disease, poison, or a severe blow
n spruce
neat and trim in appearance; smart; Ex. Be spruce for your job interview; V.
n quiescent
dormant; temporarily inactive; at rest; N. quiescence
calm; impartial; not influenced by personal feelings
not spacious; inconvenient
s jest
playful remark or act; V. act or speak playfully
n deciduous
falling off at a specific season or stage of growth as of leaves; Ex. deciduous tree/teeth
s masquerade
wear a mask or disguise; pretend; N: costume party or ball at which masks are worn; pretense; disguise
struggle; compete; assert earnestly; state strongly
underline; emphasize
award of merit; strong praise and approval
n trilogy
group of three related works (connected by a shared subject but each complete in itself)
noisy quarrel
n viand
food; CF. live
n atavism
resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents; reversion to an earlier type; throwback; ADJ. atavistic
applaud; praise; greet with great approval; announce with great approval; Ex. The new drung has been acclaimed as the most important discoveries for years; N: strong expression of approval and praise
n sportive
playful; frolicsome; merry; CF. sport: play or frolic; CF. sportsmanlike
spacious and comfortable
mental keenness; sharpness of judgment; ability to judge quickly and well; Ex. business acumen
n glean
gather leavings; gather grain left behind by reapers; gather bit by bit (facts or information) often with difficulty
n contrived
unnatural and forced; artificial; not spontaneous; Ex. The ending was rather contrived.
n feint
trick; shift; sham blow; feigned attack to draw away defensive action; V.
individual who sacrifices principles for expediency by taking advantage of circumstances; N. opportunism
n touchy
oversensitive; easily offended; irasible; delicate; needing delicate handling; Ex. touchy situation
n factious
inclined to form factions; causing dissension
n clientele
body of customers
slow down
s defalcate
s exhale
breathe out; OP. inhale
n bereaved
deprived of (someone beloved through death)
n mausoleum
monumental tomb; large stately tomb; CF. Mausolos
n mulct
defraud a person of something; swindle; Ex. mulct the boy of his legacy
issue forth; come out
stubborn; hard to control or treat; Ex. obstinate cough; N. obstinacy
n marsupial
one of a family of mammals that nurse their offspring in a pouch(pocket of skin or leather); CF. kangaroo, opossum, wombat
s swamp
wetland; marsh; V: flood; overwhelm; drench in with liquid
s hideous
repulsive to the sight; ugly; repugnant; Ex. hideous face/scream
s slaughter
killing of animals for food; massacre; V: butcher (animals) for food; kill in large numbers
limited; restricted; V. qualify: limit the meaning of; modify
domestic; made at home; spun or woven at home; simple and ordinary; Ex. homespun philosophy
s sidetrack
switch (a railroad car) to a siding; divert from a main issue; N. CF. siding: short section of railroad track connected by switches with a main track
s thesis
opinion put forward and supported by reasoned arguments
n spartan
without attention to comfort; lacking luxury and comfort; sternly disciplined; Ex. spartan living condition/life
hindrance; stumbling-block; speech defect preventing clear articulation; Ex. speech impediment
s forum
public square of an ancient Roman city; public place for open discussion; court of law
n paltry
insignificant; petty; trifling; contemptible; Ex. paltry sum; CF. trash
n tightwad
miser; excessively frugal person
n emulate
imitate; rival; try to equal or excel (through imitation)
not requited; not reciprocated; Ex. unrequited love
pertaining to speculative philosophy; of metaphysics; N. metaphysics: branch of philosophy that examines the nature of reality
n jaunt
trip; short journey
decay; fall to a lower level (of morality, civilization, or art); ADJ. decadent
n lampoon
ridicule; N: written attack ridiculing or satirizing a person, group, or institution
respectful; worshipful; V. revere: regard with reverence; N. reverence: profound respect
arousing anger or sexual interest; annoying; Ex. provocative in tight jeans; V. provoke: incite to anger; cause (an unpleasant action or feeling); N. provocation
s halfhearted
exhibiting little interest or enthusiasm
n disingenuous
not naive; not candid; sophisticated; worldly wise; OP. ingenuous
burden; N. encumbrance
enclose; place in something; fix firmly in a surrounding mass
shyness; lack of self-confidence; timidity; ADJ. diffident
renunciation; self-sacrifice; self-abnegation
s apiarist
person who keeps bees
n sinewy
(of meat) tough; strong and firm; muscular; N. sinew: tendon; strong cord connecting a muscle to a bone
blame; criticize; express strong disapproval; N: severe criticism; strong disapproval
s beware
be cautious (of)
s glow
shine brightly without a flame (as of eyes or metals); show redness and heat (in the face) after hard work or because of strong feelings; N: light produced by a heated body; brilliance of a color
hater of woman; CF. misogyny
n tout
promote or publicize (one's goods or service); praise excessively (as a form of advertisement); CF. advertise
n milieu
social environment; means of expression; Ex. feel out of one's milieu; Ex. His proper milieu is watercolor.
praising; full of eulogy
s latch
fastening or lock consisting of a movable bar that fits into a notch; V: close with a latch
n rapt
engrossed; absorbed; enchanted; Ex. rapt listener
disentangle; solve
n extenuate
weaken; mitigate; lessen the seriousness of (bad behavior)
n disconcert
confuse; upset; embarrass; perturb
n carrion
rotting flesh of a dead body; CF. vulture
government run by religious leaders
s upright
(sitting or standing) straight up; honest; moral
slavery; compulsory labor imposed as a punishment
n mayhem
injury to body; crime of willfully maiming or crippling a person; violent disorder; Ex. mayhem in the zoo; CF. maim
n killjoy
grouch; spoilsport; one who intentionally spoils the pleasure of others
s flicker
burn unsteadily or fitfully; move waveringly; N: flickering movement or light; brief sensation; Ex. flicker of excitement
admit to the rights of citizenship (especially the right to vote); CF. franchise
give up temporarily; yield; N. waiver: waiving a right or claim; document that waives a right or claim
n flounder
struggle and thrash about; proceed clumsily or falter (as in water, mud, snow, etc.); proceed in confusion
proverb; truth pithily stated
s shade
slight difference in degree; nuance; degree of color; Ex. shades of meaning/grey
n promiscuous
mixed indiscriminately; indiscriminate; not choosing carefully; indiscriminate in the choice of sexual partners; irregular, particularly sexually; Ex. promiscuous life/girl; N. promiscuity
seek to attain (position or status); long for; Ex. aspire to become president; Ex. aspire to/after the leadership
n culvert
artificial channel for water; drain crossing under a road
n gingerly
very carefully; ADJ.
kindle; light; catch fire or set fire to
n churlish
boorish; rude; N. churl: boor; yahoo
neat; skillful
repeal; annul; cancel (a law, decision, or agreement)
opposite; ADJ.
s cue
word or signal (as in a play to prompt another actor's speech or entrance); reminder or hint; V: give a cue to
not applicable; unrelated
n swathe
swath; wrap around; bandage; Ex. one's head swathed in bandages
person who looks on the bright side; N. optimism
n taper
very thin candle; gradual decrease in the width of a long object; V. make or become gradually narrower toward one end
severe trial or affliction; difficult experience; trial(test of patience or endurance); affliction
s humble
of low rank or position; modest; having a low opinion of oneself and a high opinion of others; unassuming; not proud; V. humiliate: make humble; cause to feel ashamed or to lose the respect of others
n pestle
tool for mashing or grinding substances in a hard bowl or mortar
n fresco
painting on wet plaster (usually fresh)
s acne
skin disease (on the face)
s conglomerate
corporation made up of several different companies in diversified fields; mass of various material gathered together; rock consisting of small stones held together by clay; V.
government by a privileged few
weaken; take away energy from
n revulsion
sudden strong feeling of disgust; sudden violent change of feeling; negative reaction; Ex. revulsion from the scenes of torture
n inexorable
relentless; unyielding; implacable; not capable of being changed by entreaty or efforts; Ex. inexorable price rises
pardon (allowed by government to political criminals)
n floe
flat mass of floating ice
n tarry
linger; delay in starting or going; dawdle
line (of waiting people or vehicles)
something that discourages or deters
n subpoena
writ(written command issued by a court) summoning a witness to appear in court; V: summon with a subpoena
revoke; annul
n shaving
very thin piece, usually of wood (cut from a surface with a sharp blade)
s penology
study of prison management and criminal rehabilitation
pollute; make filthy or dirty; corrupt morally; profane; desecrate; N: narrow passage or gorge through mountains
n serrated
having a sawtoothed edge; Ex. serrated leaf
long heroic poem, novel, or similar work of art (celebrating the feats of a hero); ADJ: (of stories or events) resembling an epic; grand
look on with scorn; regard as worthless or distasteful; ADJ. despicable: contemptible
bending of a ray of light
comment; make explanatory notes
fragments (esp. from a destroyed building)
n scourge
lash; whip (formerly used for punishment); source of severe punishment; V: whip; afflict
n filigree
delicate ornamental lacelike metalwork
n sumptuous
grand suggesting great expense; lavish; rich; Ex. sumptuous feast
n hallowed
blessed; consecrated; Ex. hallowed ground; V. hallow: set apart as holy
widespread; generally accepted
opinionated; holding stubbornly to one's opinion; arbitrary; doctrinal
n opalescent
iridescent; lustrous; like an opal; N. opalescence
n belie
contradict; give a false impression; disguise; Ex. The poor sales belied our high hopes; Ex. Her smile belies her true feeling of displeasure.
s hem
surround tightly so that movement is impossible; Ex. hem in; N.
n bereft
deprived of (something valuable); lacking
serving to complete something
loud continous noise; continuous demand or complaint made by a large number of people; V: make a clamor; express (a demand) continually and loudly; ADJ. clamorous
n stultify
make stupid in mind; cause to appear or become stupid or inconsistent; suppress; frustrate or hinder; Ex. stultifying effect of uninteresting work; Ex. stultify free expression
n levitate
rise and float in the air (especially by magical means); CF. light
moderate; restrained; self-controlled; moderate in respect to temperature; CF. temperance: moderation and self-restraint; abstinence of alcoholic drinks; Ex. temperance society
n luxuriant
abundant; growing healthily and in large amounts; excessively ornate; rich and splendid; fertile; Ex. luxuriant forests/prose; CF. luxurious, luxuriate
s resign
give up (a position, right, or claim); submit (oneself) passively
n preternatural
beyond what is normal in nature; supernatural; Ex. preternatural strength/forces
n spendthrift
someone who wastes money; CF. thrift: accumulated wealth
reluctant; disinclined; not liking or opposed; Ex. averse to cats/doing the house work
act of dissecting living animals
s fringe
decorative edge of hanging threads; edge
n aquiline
curved; hooked; of or like an eagle; Ex. aquiline nose
not noticing; disregarding
n schism
division into factions (esp. within a religious body); split
introduction (to a poem or play)
s warrant
justification; written order that serves as authorization (esp. a judicial writ); Ex. search/death warrant; V: justify; guarantee
partnership; league; union of separate political parties
n tycoon
wealthy and powerful businessperson; wealthy leader; magnate; Ex. business tycoon
acute pain; extreme suffering
s significant
expressing a meaning; important; Ex. significant smile; N. significance: importance; meaning; V. signify: denote; mean; signal; make known; matter; be significant
n gibberish
nonsense; nonsensical or unintelligible talk or writing; babbling
s swear-word
word considered offensive; Ex. ``bloody''
n pummel
pommel; beat or pound with fists
n extol
praise very highly; glorify
think up; invent; plan; bequeath; N: bequest
s self-righteous
sure of one's own righteousness; moralistic
banish to the country; dwell in the country
n die
metal block used for shaping metal or plastic; device for stamping or impressing; mold; CF. dice
place of spiritual expiation; temporary state or place in which the souls must expiate their sins
n crevice
crack; fissure
width; extent
hatred of marriage
n hale
n nonplus
put at a loss; bring to a halt by confusion; perplex; CF. no more
increase in size or effect; expand; broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make stronger; Ex. amplify one's remarks with a graph
thing that completes another; things very much alike; thing that has the same purpose in a different system
n lank
long and thin; Ex. Lank, gaunt, Abraham Lincoln
n luminary
celebrity (in a specific field); dignitary; object that gives light (as a celestial body)
forceful; intensely emotional; with marked vigor; strong; N. vehemence
n distraught
upset; distracted by anxiety; very anxious and troubled almost to the point of madness; Ex. distraught with grief/worry
n cataract
great waterfall; eye abnormality (causing a gradual loss of eyesight)
place of refuge or shelter; protection (religious or political)
n girth
distance around something; circumference
s tickle
touch (the body) lightly so as to cause laughter; please
n malleable
(of a metal) capable of being shaped by pounding(beating); pliable; (of someone) impressionable(easily influenced); easily controlled; tractable
n sophomoric
immature; half-baked; like a sophomore
n ostentatious
showy; trying to attract attention; pretentious; N. ostentation: showy display
n incantation
singing or chanting of magic spells; magical formula; (the saying of) words used in magic; CF. enchant
n pathos
tender sorrow; pity; quality in art or literature that produces these feelings; Ex. pathos that runs through the novel
violate (a law); encroach (the right of another person)
ability to change in form; fickleness; ADJ. mutable: able to change; fickle; CF. mutate; CF. mutant
equality; close resemblance; CF. disparate
n apothecary
druggist; pharmacist
s weird
eerie; strange; unnatural
n stupor
state of being stupefied; state of apathy; daze; lack of awareness
record of a voyage or flight; record of day-to-day activities; section of a trunk; V.
n masticate
serving as a model; outstanding; Ex. exemplary punishment/behavior; N. exemplar: typical example; model
s list
tilt (as of a ship); lean over (to one side)
able to live both on land and in water; N.
s stumble
trip and almost fall; proceed unsteadily; act falteringly; N.
inclined to; likely to (suffer); prostrate; lying with the front downward; Ex. prone to disease/make mistakes; Ex. accident-prone
s dowse
use a divining rod to search for underground water or minerals
pertaining to the art of delineating; vividly described
settle a dispute through the services of an outsider; act as an intermediary; produce by mediating; Ex. mediate a cease-fire
commence; go on board a boat; begin a journey
relieve (pain)
outwit; defeat by behaving more cleverly; outsmart; baffle; avoid; get around
s fiend
evil spirit; devil
n vapid
lacking liveliness; dull and unimaginative; insipid and flavorless; Ex. vapid lecture
sceptic; doubter; person who suspends judgment until he has examined the evidence supporting a point of view; ADJ. skeptical; N. skepticism; scepticism
n auroral
pertaining to the aurora borealis; CF. aurora australis
on or relating to the earth
concise and meaningful; substantial; meaty
abnormal; irregular
withdraw; take back; draw back; Ex. retract a statement/an offer/claws; N. retraction; CF. retractile
n decry
express strong disapproval of; condemn openly (something dangerous to the public); disparage; Ex. decry the violence of modern films
deceit; duplicity; wiliness; cunning; Ex. persuade her by guile
devoted to the pleasures of the sense; carnal; voluptuous; Ex. sensual woman/curves/lips
s bulk
size or volume (esp. when very large); main part; Ex. The bulk of the work has already been done; ADJ. bulky: having great size
n don
put on; OP. doff
s flush
redden; blush; flow suddenly and abundantly; wash out by a rapid brief flow of water; N: reddish tinge; blush; brief rush; rush of strong feeling; Ex. flush of pride; ADJ: having surfaces in the same plane; even; blushing
n cartographer
n squabble
minor quarrel; bickering; V: engage in a minor quarrel; Ex. squabbling children
meaning; distinguishing by name; V. denote: indicate; refer to directly; mean; CF. connotation
n disgorge
surrender something (stolen); eject; vomit; OP. gorge
agreement; contract; ADJ: tightly packed; firm; brief; concise; Ex. compact statement
depart secretly and hide
s outlaw
fugitive from the law (excluded from legal protection); V: declare (someone) to be an outlaw; deprive of the protection of the law; declare illegal; Ex. Drinking has been outlawed.
s urgent
compelling immediate action; pressing; persistent; importunate; Ex. urgent in his demands
n dumbfound(dumfound)
astonish (making dumb); ADJ. dumbfounded, dumfounded, dumbstruck
s crave
desire; want intensely
n primogeniture
seniority by birth; state of being the first-born child; right of the eldest child (to inherit the entire property of one or both parents)
n sensitization
process of being made sensitive or acutely responsive to an external agent or substance; V. sensitize: make or become sensitive
small representative world; world in miniature; Ex. microcosm of English society
n welter
confusion; turmoil; confused mass; bewildering jumble; Ex. welter of data
enormously large or extensive
n gainsay
n nip
snip off; stop something's growth or development; bite; make numb with cold; Ex. nip the plan; Ex. A guard dog nipped the postman; Ex. fingers nipped by the extreme chill
destruction; V. demolish
s bearing
deportment; connection
enormous chasm; vast bottomless pit
one who harvests grain; Ex. the Grim Reaper; V. reap: cut and gather (crop); harvest a crop
s threat
sign or warning (of coming danger); Ex. threat of rain; V: express a threat; give warning of (something bad); Ex. The cloud threatens rain.
s ecosystem
ecological community together with its environment
n memento
token; reminder of the past; keepsake; Ex. memento of your visit
unconquerable; unyielding
n mnemonic
pertaining to memory; assisting the memory; N: device, such as as formula or rhyme, used as a mnemonic aid
n unscathed
unharmed; Ex. escape the accident unscathed
n badger
pester; annoy continually with demands; persuade by asking again and again; Ex. The children badgered me into taking them into the cinema; N: a kind of mountain animal
n fleck
spot; mark with flecks; N: small mark or spot
n propitious
favorable; auspicious; advantageous; fortunate; Ex. propitious day/sign
premonition; foreboding; feeling something will happen; anticipatory fear
n ingratiate
become popular with; bring (oneself) in favor of another; Ex. ingratiate himself with the boss
n wastrel
waster; profligate
great amount; plenty; overabundance; excess; lavish expenditure; Ex. profusion of choices; ADJ. profuse: plentiful; copious; giving or given abundantly; extravagant
with identity concealed; using an assumed name; ADJ.
s morgue
mortuary; place where bodies are kept before burial or cremation
n introspective
looking within oneself; N. introspection: self-examination
s blackball
vote against (an applicant); ostracize; N: negative vote
easily deceived
n stickler
perfectionist; person who insists things be exactly right
s Bacchanalia
the ancient Roman festival in honor of Bacchus
n macabre
gruesome; grisly; ghastly; CF. of death
n kindred
related; belonging to the same group; similar in nature or character; Ex. kindred languages; N: relative; kin; kinship
mistaken; wrong; incorrect
n puny
tiny; weak; insignificant
n carapace
shell covering the back (of a turtle, tortoise, crab, etc.)
n shirk
avoid (responsibility, work, etc.); malinger
brave and successful act; deed or action, particularly a brave deed; CF. crossing the Atlantic ocean
trembling; slight quiver (as of the earth or from nervous agitation)
indisputable; incontrovertible; undeniable
n unison
unity of pitch (in musical performance); complete accord; Ex. The choir sang in unison.
serious or fatal accident; person killed or wounded in an accident or battle
not essential; minor; N: something incidental
s solicitor
lawyer in the lower court of law
n mutinous
unruly; rebellious; Ex. mutinous teenagers; N. mutiny: open rebellion; CF. mutineer
approach and speak first to a person
n ensconce
settle comfortably; place comfortably (in a secure place)
sharp projection from fishhook, arrow, or other object; openly cutting remark
fear of being locked in
beginning; forming of an idea; fertilization; V. conceive: form an idea in the mind; devise; become pregnant; CF. inception
ghostly; N. specter: spectre; ghost; phantom
n apocryphal
(of a story) widely believed but untrue
someone who eats too much; ADJ. gluttonous: given to gluttony; greedy; CF. gluttony: habit of eating too much
wicked; immoral; unrighteous; N. iniquity; Ex. den of iniquity
n litigation
lawsuit; N. litigant: one party in a lawsuit; V. litigate
n prolixity
tedious wordiness; verbosity; ADJ. prolix: wordy; verbose; diffuse
contend; compete
rolling treeless plain in Siberia and arctic North America
s tatter
torn piece of cloth; ADJ. tattered: (of clothes) old and torn; (of a person) dressed in old torn clothes
report; record (in chronological order)
n d\'enouement
final outcome; final development of the plot of a play or other literary work; the end of a story when everything is explained
s hereafter
life after death
n orifice
mouthlike opening; small opening (esp. to a cavern or passage of the body); CF. mouth
cause of complaint; complaint
transform; change; convert to something different
calmness; placidity; ADJ. serene
n turgid
swollen; distended (as from liquid)
n leeway
room to move; margin; latitude; Ex. leeway for the deadline
n titular
of a title; in name only; nominal; having the title of an office without the obligations; Ex. titular head of the company
s compulsive
resulting from compulsion
(of a liquid) thick and sticky; gluey; viscid; CF. consistency
indisputable; impossible to dispute; not open to question; unquestionable
n testator
maker of a will; CF. testatrix
ban on commerce or other activity
s slink
move furtively; ADJ. slinky: stealthy; furtive; sneaky (as in ambush)
abandon; give up (by formal announcement); disown; repudiate; Ex. renounce one's claim to the property/one's religion; N. renunciation
s maleficient
doing evil; N. maleficience
s stoop
bend forward and down; lower or debase oneself; fall to a lower standard of behavior by doing something; condescend; Ex. stoop to lying
n ample
enough; abundant; spacious; large in size; Ex. ample opportunity/garden; N. amplitude: quality of being ample; abundance; largeness of space
n flick
light stroke as with a whip; V: move with a light quick blow; strike with a light quick blow (as from a whip); Ex. flick the switch
n leaven
add leaven to; cause to rise or grow lighter; enliven; N: agent, such as yeast, that causes dough to rise (by fermentation); element that lightens or enlivens
contact that keeps parties in communication; communication between groups; one that maintains communication; go-between; secret love affair; V. liaise: keep a connection
preventing infection; having a cleansing effect
n noisome
foul smelling; very unpleasant; unwholesome
mechanism that imitates actions of humans; machine that works by itself
ill will; hatred; hostility
lifeless; not animate
hang about/around; stand idly about; linger
s ploy
strategem to gain an advantage; tactic; Ex. management ploy
pithy maxim or saying; ADJ. aphoristic
survey of enemy by soldiers; reconnoitering; V. reconnoiter: make a preliminary inspection of (esp. to gather military information)
block or hinder; baffle; frustrate
praising; eulogistic; N. encomium: very high praise; eulogy
able to be dissolved in a liquid; able to be worked out or solved
n ruffian
violent scoundrel; bully
formless; lacking shape or definition
n hypochondriac
person unduly worried about his health; worrier without cause about illness; ADJ. CF. hypochondria: neurosis that one is or is becoming ill; CF. abdomen
n brandish
wave around (a weapon); flourish
s choir
group of people who sing together (esp. during religious services); place for choir
seasonings; spices
person interested mostly in external objects and actions
position giving an advantage (such as a strategic point); CF. vantagepoint
n functionary
official (who performs a particular function)
support; act superior toward; treat in a condescending manner; be a customer of; N. patron: one that supports; regular customer; N. patronage; CF. boycott
s nonsense
speech or writing with no meaning; foolish behavior or language; Ex. make (a) nonsense of: spoil; cause to fail
n ogle
look at amorously; make eyes at; Ex. old men ogling young girls
n larder
pantry; place where food is kept
insolent; rude; not pertinent; N. impertinence
s tenancy
possession of land or building by rent; period of a tenant's occupancy
s loft
room or space under the roof; attic
n philistine
narrow-minded person, uncultured and exclusively interested in material gain; uncultured person who is indifferent to artistic and cultural values; member of an ancient people in Palestine; OP. aesthete
n lexicographer
compiler of a dictionary; CF. lexicography: work of compiling a dictionary
n trappings
outward decorations; ornaments (as an outward sign of rank)
bossy; domineering and arrogant; decisively important; Ex. overbearing manner/importance; V. overbear: dominate
appropriate; fitting
royal; of a monarch; Ex. regal manner
n amok(amuck)
in a state of rage; Ex. run amok
s screech
unpleasant high sharp sound; shriek; V.
s pen
fenced enclosure for animals; confining space; Ex. sheep pen; V: confine in a pen; enclose
n resurge
rise again; flow to and fro; N. resurgence; ADJ. resurgent: (of ideas or beliefs) experiencing revival; surging again
dispute; argue about the rightness of; compete for; try to win; Ex. contest the election results; Ex. contest a seat in Parliament; N.
s forge
counterfeit; reproduce fraudulently; form by heating in a forge and hammering into shape; move with a sudden increase of speed or power; Ex. forged ahead in the last two years; N: furnace where metals are heated
boisterous; noisy and uncontrollable
yearly allowance
selective; composed of elements drawn from disparate sources; selecting individual elements from a variety of sources; N. eclecticism
n refurbish
renovate; make clean, bright, or fresh (make new) again; make bright by polishing; Ex. refurbish an old theater; CF. furbish: polish
s falsify
make (something written) false by changing
n knead
mix; work dough; mix and work into a uniform mass (with the hands); Ex. knead dough
n doddering
shaky; infirm from old age; V. dodder
n plumb
exactly vertical; N: weight on the end of a line; V: examine very carefully or critically in order to understand; measure depth (by sounding); Ex. plumb the depth of
turn away from (a principle, norm); move away from an accepted standard; swerve; depart; diverge; N. deviation; Ex. deviation of the path of light by a prism
not thick; thinly scattered; scanty
s forfeit
something surrendered as punishment for a crime or breach of contract; V: lose as a forfeit; N. forfeiture
n animus
hostile feeling or intent; animosity; hostility; disposition
social or moral custom; established practice; formal meeting; international agreement
s castrate
remove the sex organs (of a male animal or person)
lack of seriousness or steadiness; frivolity; lightness of manner
n peroration
conclusion of an oration; perorating; V. perorate: conclude a speech; speak at great length
n billowing
swelling out in waves; surging
n conundrum
riddle; difficult problem
n foolhardy
rash; reckless; foolishly daring
n maim
mutilate; injure lastingly; disable; cripple; Ex. maimed for life
n malapropism
comic misuse of a word; CF. Mrs. Malaprop
supporter; voter; member of a constituency; component
n founder
fail completely; sink; CF. flounder
n urchin
mischievous child (usually a boy); CF. urchin: hedgehog; CF. porcupine: pig with spikes ?; CF. sea urchin
n iridescent
exhibiting rainbowlike colors; Ex. iridescent oil slick; N. iridescence
n fluke
unlikely occurrence; stroke of fortune; accidental stroke of good luck; ADJ. fluky
the West
n fluted
having vertical parallel grooves (as in a pillar); V. flute: make long parallel inward curves in; N. flute: long rounded groove incised on the shaft of a column
n bulwark
strong wall built for defense; earthwork or other strong defense; person who defends
n jocose
given to(having a tendency of) joking
phrase dulled in meaning by repetition; platitude; ADJ. clich\'ed
threatening; of an evil omen
n baroque
highly ornate
n travail
strenuous work; toil; painful labor; labor of childbirth
n titillate
tickle; excite pleasantly; Ex. not to titillate the audience but to enlighten it
n descry
catch sight of (something distant)
abyss; very deep crack
unexplicable; impossible to account for; unreasonable or mysterious
n interregnum
period between two successive reigns or governments
n wan
having a pale or sickly color; pallid
n trough
long narrow container for feeding farm animals; lowest point (of a wave, business cycle, etc.); long narrow depression as between waves
that can be permeated; penetrable; porous; allowing liquids or gas to pass through; V. permeate: spread or flow throughout; charge
s sound
in good condition; showing good judgment or good sense; thorough; complete; Ex. sound mind/investment/training
one who fits glasses to remedy visual defects
enrage; infuriate(make furious); make extremely angry; outrage; N: aromatic substance burned to produce a pleasant odor
tranquil; of even calm temper; (of temperature) steady; uniform
n earthy
unrefined; coarse; of earth; Ex. earthy remarks; OP. ethereal
fluent; talkative; glib; N. volubility
n guy
cable or chain attached to something that needs to be braced or steadied; CF. guide
s elevation
elevated position; altitude; height; flat upright side of a building; angle made by pointing a gun; Ex. The elevation of her style is much admired; Ex. front elevation of the house
n burlesque
give an imitation that ridicules; imitate mockingly
n boon
blessing; benefit; something very helpful
prophetic; pertaining to revelations especially of disaster; N. apocalypse
n conifer
pine tree (usu. evergreen); cone-bearing tree; ADJ. coniferous; CF. deciduous; CF. evergreen
n marshal
put in order; guide ceremoniously to the correct place; Ex. marshal the children into the museum; N: military officer; official
n catholic
(of likings and interests) universal; general; broad; including many different parts; wide-ranging liberal; Ex. catholic opinions/tastes
n stricture
severe and adverse criticism; critical comments; limit or restriction
n filibuster
block legislation or prevent action in a lawmaking body by making very slow long speeches; N; freebooter
n rakish
jaunty; stylish; sporty; morally corrupt; dissolute; Ex. He wore his hat at a rakish and jaunty angle.
n machinations
evil schemes or plots; schemes or plots to achieve an evil end; V. machinate
scorn; disdain; ADJ. contemptuous; CF. contemptible
n harping
tiresome dwelling on a subject; V. harp: dwell on(think or speak a lot about) tediously
s parvenu
upstart; newly rich person
n seep
pass slowly through small openings; ooze; trickle; N. seepage
n visionary
produced by imagination; fanciful; mystical; showing foresight; N: one having foresight; one given to speculative impractical ideas
n larceny
theft; Ex. petit larceny
n grisly
ghastly; horrifying; Ex. grisly remains of the bodies
n trident
three-pronged spear
n endearment
fond word or act; expression of affection
n fervent
ardent; zealous; hot
s buffoon
stupid person; clown
infection (by contact); ADJ. contagious; CF. infectious: that can be passed by infection in the air
weak; ineffective; lacking in physical strength or power
unwilling; reluctant; stingy(giving reluctantly)
build; lie; make up (a story) in order to deceive; Ex. fabricate the whole story; CF. fabric: underlying structure; Ex. fabric of society
notorious; conspicuously bad or shocking
n exude
flow out slowly; discharge (gradually); give forth; N. exudation
n artifice
deception; trickery
s flashy
showy; gaudy; giving a momentary brilliance
n hibernal
wintry; wintery; of or like winter
n unfledged
immature; not having the feathers necessary to fly; CF. fledgling
broad; including a lot or everything; thorough; inclusive
n rapacious
voracious; ravenous; taking everything one can; excessively grasping; plundering; subsisting on live prey; Ex. rapacious birds
n baleful
evil; malignant in intent or effect; deadly; having a malign influence; portending evil; ominous; threatening; Ex. baleful look
n natty
neatly or smartly dressed; dapper; smart; Ex. natty dresser
nearness; ADJ. proximate
n laggard
slow; sluggish; N: one who lags; straggler
n requite
make return for; repay; reciprocate; revenge; N. requittal
act of finding oneself in society; orienting
n histrionic
theatrical; excessively dramatic or emotional; affected; of actors or acting; N. histrionics: histrionic behavior
n demur
object (because of doubts, scruples); raise an objection (showing qualms); hesitate; Ex. demur at the idea of working on Sunday
s frisk
move about playfully; froric; ADJ. frisky: playful
s resort
turn to for help; Ex. resort to violence; N.
s tardy
slow; sluggish; not on time; late; Ex. tardy arrival
n diorama
life-size, three-dimensional scene from nature or history; three-dimensional scene with modeled figures against a painted background
s casual
happening by chance; irregular; occasional; informal; showing or feeling little interest; Ex. casual reader/labor/remark
s healthful
conducive to good health; Ex. healthful mountain air
n indenture
bind as servant or apprentice to master; bind by indenture; N: contract binding one party into the service of another for a specified time (as between an apprentice and his master)
n maritime
bordering on(adjacent to) the sea; nautical; of the ships or the sea; Ex. Maritime Provinces
s stink
stench; V: emit a strong foul odor
moved by sexual love; loving; of sexual love; Ex. amorous advances
s slap
hit quickly with the flat part of the hand; N. CF. smack
n furor
frenzy; great anger and excitement; CF. fury
n drivel
nonsense; foolishness; V: talk nonsense
deviation from the normal; mental disorder
s prosperous
successful; rich; affluent; well-to-do; well-off
n parochial
narrow in scope or outlook; provincial; related to parishes
s vigilante
one who without authority assumes law enforcement powers
n impute
attribute; ascribe; charge; N. imputation
s proverb
adage; someone or something well known for notoriety; ADJ. proverbial: of a proverb; widely known; ADV. proverbially
risk; expose to risk; dare; undertake a risk; N.
cut away; cut out; N: government tax on good produced and used inside a country; N. excision
s stamp
step on heavily (so as to crush or extinguish); put an end to; imprint or impress with a mark, design, or seal; shape with a die; characterize; Ex. machine stamping out car bodies; Ex. newspaper stamping him as a liar; N. stamping; implement used to stamp; impression stamped; mark; Ex. Her remarks bear the stamp of truth.
someone seeking revenge; source of downfall or ruin; CF. Nemesis
n somnolent
half asleep; drowsy; N. somnolence
n pernicious
very harmful; deadly; very destructive; Ex. pernicious effect/anemia
waterspout carved in grotesque figures on a building
n cornice
projecting molding on building (usually above columns or pillars); ó¸¶ Àå½Ä
n thespian
pertaining to drama; N: actor or actress
driving away; disgusting; offensive; repulsive; unattractive; N.
n muse
ponder at length; N: source of inspiration (esp. of a poet)
examination of a dead body; postmortem; V.
s mason
one who builds or works with stone or brick; N. masonry: work of a mason; stonework or brickwork
s dyslexia
word blindness; learning disorder marked by impairment of the ability to read
n nascent
incipient; coming into being or existence; Ex. nascent ability in music
n jaundiced
yellowed; prejudiced (envious, hostile, or resentful) from long and disappointing experience of human affairs; Ex. with a jaundiced eye
divine gift; great popular charm or appeal; magnetism
n bedraggle
wet thoroughly; ADJ. bedraggled: draggled
s airy
of air; high in the air; lofty; immaterial; unreal
tall column tapering(becoming gradually narrower toward the end) and ending in a pyramid
s damn
condemn; criticize severely; condemn to everlasting punishment; doom; bring to ruin; N. damnation
in utter disorder
person who appeals to people's prejudice; false leader of people; CF. demagoguery
n ambrosia
food of the gods
s geriatrics
medical treatment and care of old age
combining parts or separate things into a whole; the whole so formed; PL. syntheses; V. synthesize
n rostrum
raised platform for speech-making; pulpit
s figure
written symbols; number; amount represented in numbers; outline or silhouette of a thing or human body; person (well-known); impression; diagram; pattern; group in a dance; Ex. figure of speech; V. calculate with numbers; adorn with figures; appear; consider; Ex. My name did not figure in the list.
s reduce
diminish; bring to a weaker or more difficult condition; demote; lower in rank; separate into components by analysis; Ex. reduced to the ranks; Ex. reduce the house to rubble; N. reduction
a manually skilled worker
extremely aggressive and militant patriot; warlike chauvinist; N. jingoism: extreme nationalism
without exceptions; made without any doubt in mind; unqualified; absolute
self-governing; N. autonomy
n nuptial
related to marriage or the wedding ceremony; N. nuptials: wedding ceremony
s championship
position of champion; defense or support; competition held to determine a champion
n qualms
uneasy feelings; misgivings; uneasy fears especially about matters of conscience; Ex. I have no qualms about giving this assignment to Helen.
clear from blame or guilt
s run-down
(of a place) dilapidated; in a bad condition; (of a person) weak or exhausted
n gadfly
animal-biting fly; irritating person
n sodden
thoroughly soaked; dull or stupid as if from drink
n berate
scold strongly
inclination; natural tendency (esp. towards something bad)
bow (to show respect and obedience)
pertaining to marriage
destroy completely; Ex. raze the city to the ground
s healthy
possessing good health; healthful
slope; slant; Ex. steep incline
path taken by a projectile; Ex. trajectory of a bullet
so high as to prohibit purchase or use; tending to prevent the purchase or use of something; prohibiting; inclined to prevent or forbid; Ex. prohibitive tax
lacking substance; insignificant; frail; immaterial
long life; long duration
n mortician
undertaker; CF. death
s legato
(of music) played smoothly
s marginal
of a margin; barely within a limit; Ex. marginal effect/writing ability
n enrapture
please intensely; fill with rapture and delight
rudeness without any sense of shame; shameless boldness; presumptousness; nerve; cheek
n excerpt
selected passage (written or musical) taken from a longer work; V.
homesickness; longing for the past; Ex. nostalgia for the clothes of 1920s; ADJ. nostalgic
n stifle
suppress; extinguish; inhibit; smother or suffocate
s indoctrinate
cause to accept a doctrine without questioning it; Ex. indoctrinated with mindless anti-communism
pertaining to induction or proceeding from the specific to the general
n redress
remedy; compensation; Ex. seek redress for the damage to your car; V: put right; remedy or rectify (a wrong); make amends for
showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm; boiling; N. ebullience; N. ebullition: state of boiling
n beguile
deceive; mislead or delude; cheat; pass time pleasantly; charm or attract; Ex. beguiling smile
n suffragist
advocate of the extension of voting rights (for women); CF. suffrage
n archives
public records; place where public records are kept
totally clear; definite; outspoken
renounce upon oath
barrier laid down by artillery fire; overwhelming profusion; large number of questions or statements; Ex. a barrage of criticism
n hiatus
gap; pause; gap or interruption in space or time; break
n equestrian
rider on horseback; ADJ.
correct a false impression; undeceive; free from a wrong belief
s underhand(underhanded)
done slyly and secretly (being dishonest)
n lull
moment of calm; period of reduced activity; Ex. a lull in the rain; V: cause to become less active; cause to sleep or rest; Ex. lull the opponents into a false sense of security; CF. lullaby
s impregnate
make pregnant; fill thoroughly; saturate
n lavish
liberal; wasteful; generous or wasteful in giving or using; abundant; profuse; great; Ex. decorated lavishly; V. give in abundance
n maelstrom
violent whirlpool; violent or tublent situation; CF. stream
s havoc
widespread damage; disorder; chaos
n wanton
unrestrained; gratuitously cruel; willfully malicious; unchaste; sexually improper; promiscuous; Ex. wanton spending/killing; CF. having no just cause
n lugubrious
mournful; sorrowful
s consonant
harmonious; in agreement; N.
notch; deep recess; V. indent; CF. tooth
s reminiscent
suggestive of something (in the past); of reminiscence
n raconteur
story-teller; one who tells stories with wit and skill
n revile
attack with abusive language; vilify(slander)
deceptive; likely to delude; misleading; raising vain hopes; Ex. delusive promises
n semblance
outward appearance; guise; Ex. We called in the troops to bring a/some semblance of order to the city.
n tribulation
suffering; ordeal; distress; trial
n unkempt
disheveled; uncared for in appearance; not combed; CF. comb
lessen sadness or disappointment; give comfort; allay the sorrow of; N. consolation
greediness for wealth
adjust to climate or environment; adapt
enormous; marvelous; extraordinary; Ex. prodigious amount/memory
object made by human beings, either hand-made or mass-produced
s recreant
disloyal; cowardly; N: disloyal and cowardly person
n countermand
cancel; revoke (an order)
derived by reasoning; V. deduce: infer; derive by reasoning
n unseemly
unbecoming; not proper in behavior; indecent; Ex. leave with unseemly haste
n certitude
dead; no longer in use or existence
humiliation; debasement; degeneration; V. degrade: debase; disgrace; degenerate; reduce (something) in worth; demote (someone); reduce in rank
n fusillade
simultaneous firing or outburst (of missiles, questions, etc.)
s squash
crush; quash; suppress
negligent; careless about a duty
pen name; fictitious name assumed by an author; ADJ. pseudonymous
n veracious
(of a person) truthful
s gerontology
study of the sociological phenomena associated with old age
stone used to test the fineness of gold alloys; criterion; standard
pertaining to earthquakes
n holocaust
destruction by fire; CF. burnt whole; CF. Holocaust
s Shangri-la
imaginary remote paradise on earth; CF. Lost Horizon
flood; rush; V.
great mass of falling snow and ice
s warp
twist out of shape; N.
n dregs
sediment in a liquid; lees; worthless residue
mar the appearance of; spoil
s flip
send (something) spinning, often into the air, by striking with a light quick blow; turn over; Ex. flip over
partner in crime
fear; nervous apprehension
s memoir
memoirs; autobiography; biography
s vouch
give a personal guarantee; Ex. I can vouch for his integrity; N. voucher
detestable; extremely unpleasant
lack of consistency or agreement as between facts; difference; Ex. discrepancy between two descriptions
n hue
color; aspect; Ex. opinions of every hue
n riveting
holding one's attention; absorbing; engrossing
stick fast; be a devotd follower; N. adhesion: adhering; devotion; loyality
n primp
groom oneself with care; adorn oneself
n arid
(of land) dry; barren; unproductive
n ferment
agitation; commotion(noisy and excited activity); unrest (of a political kind); V. produce by fermentation; undergo fermentation; cause (a state of trouble)
n grotto
small cavern
s inquisitive
eager for knowledge; unduly curious
s mat
not shiny; matte; having a dull finish; N: flat piece of material used as a floor covering; V.
recover; put right; find and bring in; regain; Ex. retrieve the situation
n mincing
affectedly dainty(delicate); V. mince: cut (esp. meat) into very small pieces; walk with exaggerated primness; walk in an unnatural way, taking little short steps; Ex. The actor minced across the stage; CF. mincemeat; CF. mincer
excessively exacting; too critical (without noticing good qualities)
s cadet
student at a military school
n genteel
well-bred; elegant; striving to convey an appearance of refinement; Ex. genteel poverty
done secretly; secret; furtive; sneaky; hidden
n brunt
main impact or shock (of an attack or blow); Ex. brunt of the argument
n ornithologist
scientific student of birds; N. ornithology: scientific study of birds
n manumit
emancipate; free from slavery or bondage
disapproval; condemnation
pleasant; friendly; in agreement with one's tastes and nature; Ex. congenial weather
conformity in fulfilling requirements; readiness to yield; disposition to yield to others; V. comply
pride; haughtiness; ADJ. arrogant: unpleasantly self-important (with a strong confidence in one's own importance and a lack of respect for other people)
tireless; untiring; showing no sign of getting tired
n loom
appear or take shape (usually in an enlarged, indistinct, or distorted form); Ex. The shadow of the gallows loomed threateningly. N: apparatus for making thread into cloth
assuming a false identity; masquerade; CF. impostor
ornate; highly decorated; N. CF. 18th century
n ventral
make whole; combine; make into one unit
wandering; N. nomad: tribe who migrates from place to place
no longer in fashion or use; no longer stylish; old-fashioned
pedestal; raised platform
n palpitate
throb; beat rapidly; flutter; tremble; Ex. Her heart began to palpitate.
one who has more than one spouse at a time; CF. bigamy; CF. polyandry
n flay
strip off skin; plunder; remove the skin from; criticize harshly
s expos\'e
public revelation of something discreditable
s corpus
collection (of writings or information); Ex. the corpus of Shakespear's works; Cf. corpse
based on theory; not practical or applied; hypothetical
fit or attack of pain, laughter, rage; sudden outburst
close relationship; emotional closeness; harmony
n percussion
striking one object against another sharply; Ex. percussion instrument; N: striking together of two bodies; sound caused by percussion
n waif
homeless child or animal; Ex. waifs and strays
n hegemony
dominance especially of one nation over others
endanger; imperil; put at risk; N. jeopardy: danger
n bombastic
pompous; using inflated language
n eddy
swirling current of water, air, etc.; V.
n vise
vice; tool for holding work in place; clamping device
s straggle
stray or fall behind (a main group); spread out in a scattered group; Ex. straggling marathon racer; Ex. straggling branch
lower; degrade; humiliate; make humble; make (oneself) lose self-respect
odd in an old-fashioned way; odd; old-fashioned; picturesque
n dehydrate
remove water from; dry out
having many languages; fluent in several languages
similarity; parallelism; comparing two similar things
n pellucid
transparent; limpid(crystal clear); clear in meaning; easy to understand
basically different; impossible to compare; unrelated
s primate
group of mammals including humans
s unregenerate
making no attempt to change one's bad practices
approve; support; tolerate; Ex. countenance his rude behavior; N: face; appearance
combative; bellicose; N.
n plebeian
common; vulgar; pertaining to the common people; N: common people in ancient Rome; CF. patrician
standstill resulting from the opposition of two unrelenting forces; stalemate
looking back on the past; N. retrospection; V. retrospect
n dabble
work at in a nonserious fashion; splash around; move noisily in a liquid
s treasure
keep as precious; cherish
n stilted
bombastic; stiffly pompous; Ex. stilted rhetoric; CF. stiff: formal
n factotum
handyman; person who does all kinds of work; CF. do everything
reduce; exhaust
n unwonted
unaccustomed; unusual; Ex. He arrived with unwonted punctuality.
n reticent
inclined to silence; uncommunicative; reserved; Ex. He was reticent about the reasons; N. reticence
s mischief
behavior (of children) causing trouble with no serious harm; damage; harm; Ex. mischief to the crops; ADJ. mischievous: causing mischief; playfully troublesome
plain; clear; obvious
n caliber
ability; quality; diameter of the inside of a round cylinder; Ex. work of very high caliber
n tirade
long angry denunciatory speech; diatribe; harangue; extended scolding; denunciation
make friendly again (after quarrel); make consistent (two ideas in opposition); correct inconsistencies; Ex. reconcile one's political principles with one's religious beliefs
n serendipity
gift for finding valuable things by accident; accidental good fortune or luck; CF. The Three Princes of Serendip
rub out; remove the surface of
menacing; arousing fear; threatening; difficult to defeat; Ex. formidable foe/question
n rectitude
moral correctness; moral uprightness; moral virtue; correctness of judgment
state of being numerous or multiple; large number; Ex. multiplicity of details; ADJ. multiple: of more than one element
s hide
skin of an animal
action of moving secretly or unseen; slyness; sneakiness; secretiveness; ADJ. stealthy
person who seeks to overturn the established government; advocate of abolishing authority
refusal of any compromise; stubbornness; ADJ. intransigent: uncompromising
n garner
gather; store up; amass
strongly opposed to social or political change; opposing progress; politically ultraconservative; N. OP. radical
act as judge (at the request of both sides)
bold; fearless
sentry; lookout
n ossify
change or harden into bone; become hard and unchanging in one's ideas
n expansive
(of a person) outgoing and sociable; broad and extensive; able to increase in size
s chaperon
older person who accompanies and supervises a young unmarried woman
s discompose
disturb the composure of; confuse
slandering; aspersion; detracting; CF. detractor
n array
marshal; draw up in order; arrange in order; clothe splendidly; adorn; N: fine clothes; ordered group; Ex. in battle array
overpowering; irresistible in effect; holding one's attention; that compels one to do something; Ex. a compelling adventure story; V. compel
n reprise
musical repetition; repeating of a piece of music; repeat performance; recurrent action; Ex. reprise in the finale; Ex. constant reprises
less intense; quieter; Ex. subdued lighting; Ex. subdue: conquer; make less intense; quiet; Ex. subdue one's anger
s prime
period of ideal or peak condition; earliest or beginning stage; Ex. in the prime of life; Ex. prime of the year(spring); ADJ: first in importance or rank; first; V: make ready; prepare
n sallow
(of the skin) yellowish and unhealthy-looking; sickly in color; Ex. sallow complexion due to jaundice
make greater; increase in power, wealth, rank, or honor; N. aggrandizement
fitness; quality of being proper; correct conduct; conformity to prevailing customs and usages; CF. proprietor, proprietary
n crass
very unrefined; grossly insensible; crude and undiscriminating; Ex. crass behavior
n stolid
dull; impassive; showing little emotion when strong feelings are expected
too certain to be disputed; beyond doubt
destroy or wear away gradually by chemical action (over a long period)
n rider
amendment or clause added to a legislative bill
warn or speak to with gentle disapproval; reprove
n musky
having the odor of musk; N. musk: odorous substance secreted by an Asian deer
something preceding in time which may be used as an authority or guide for future action; V. precede; CF. unprecedented
effective; distinct; expressing ideas clearly; having clear sounds; having joints; Ex. articulate speech; V: express thoughts and feeling clearly; pronounce clearly; unite by joints
n potentate
monarch; sovereign
relapse; backslide; turn back to; return to the former owner; N. reversion
s impart
grant a share of; make known; Ex. news to impart
n stanza
division of a poem (composed of two or more lines)
harmony; agreement
n pulmonary
pertaining to the lungs
peaceful; politely friendly; not quarrelsome; Ex. amicable settlement
n desperado
reckless, desperate outlaw
cloying sweet; characteristic of sugar or saccharin
split or sever; cling to; remain faithful to; N. cleavage; ADJ. cloven
n facile
easily accomplished; ready or fluent; superficial; not deep; Ex. facile solution to a complex problem; Ex. facile speaker; N. facility: ability to do something easily and well; ease in doing resulting from skill or aptitude; something that facilitates an action; amenity; Ex. with great facility
n preen
make oneself tidy in appearance; feel self-satisfaction or pride; (of a bird) smooth or clean (feathers) with the beak; Ex. preen oneself on; CF. prune
n ferret
drive or hunt out of hiding; hunt with ferrets; drive out (as from a hiding place); expel; uncover or discover by searching; Ex. ferret out the secret; N. small fierce animal which catches rats and rabbits by going into their holes
n loath
reluctant; unwilling; disinclined; Ex. Romeo and Juliet were both loath for him to go.
wandering away from the subject; V. digress
n clamber
climb by crawling with difficulties; scramble
security given for loan; ADJ: secondary; descended from the same person but through different sons or daughters
comparable; similar
mutual; given and received in return; exchangeable; interacting; Ex. reciprocal trade agreement
s executive
person having administrative authority; one branch of government executing laws; ADJ: relating to executing
n braggadocio
n tautological
needlessly repetitious; Ex. ``It was visible to the eye''; N. tautology: needless repetition of the same sense; statement that is always true
n pittance
small amount (of money); small allowance or wage
growing by addition; accumulative
n rejoinder
reply; retort; comeback; V. rejoin: say in reply
s enterprise
willingness to take new ventures; initiative; business organization; plan (that is difficult or daring); Ex. their latest enterprise to sail round the world in a small boat
prevent; avoid; turn away (eyes or thought); Ex. An accident was averted by his quick thinking; Ex. She averted her eyes from the terrible sight.
n surrogate
substitute; person or thing used in place of another; Ex. surrogate mother; ADJ.
block; obstacle; V. hinder
n venom
poison (of an animal); hatred; Ex. remarks full of venom; ADJ. venomous
n jurisprudence
science of law
n nostrum
questionable medicine; quack medicine; CF. our (remedy)
pertaining to the improvement of race; N. eugenics: study of hereditary improvement of the human race
n pallid
pale; wan; Ex. pallid complexion
unintelligible; muddled; unable to express one's thoughts in an orderly manner; illogical; lacking cohesion; not coherent
short speech at conclusion of dramatic work
rubbing away by friction; gradual decrease in numbers or strength; reduction in the work force without firing employees; wearing away of opposition by means of harassment; Ex. a war of attrition
n tessellated
mosaic; inlaid; Ex. tessellated pattern
gigantic; N. titan
tending to call up (emotions, memories)
person with an insane desire to set things on fire
having womanly traits
brutal deed; ADJ. atrocious
s hazard
venture; put in danger; risk; Ex. hazard a guess; N: possible source of danger
complete agreement; ADJ. unanimous
n junket
trip especially one taken for pleasure by an official at public expense
logically convincing; sound; legally acceptable; effective; Ex. valid reasoning/passport
approve; support; write one's signature on the back of; N. endorsement; CF. dorsal
skeptical or distrustful of human motives; N. cynicism; CF. cynic: person who believes all people are motivated by selfishness
self-important behavior; acting like a stuffed shirt(pompous person); ADJ. pompous: self-important
n prescience
ability to foretell the future; knowledge of actions before they occur; ADJ. prescient
missile; fired or thrown object (such as stone or bullet)
s presume
take for granted; assume; act overconfidently; take liberties; presume on/upon: take unfair advantage of (someone's kindness or connection); N. presumption
s violate
break (a law); defile; desecrate; assault sexually; Ex. violate graves
brilliant; splendid in appearance; dazzling; glorious
based on experience; of or acquired through practice (rather than theory); useful; Ex. practical man
arsonist; ADJ: causing fire; of arson; Ex. incendiary bomb
teachings in general; particular principle (religious, legal, etc.) taught; dogma; tenet; ADJ. doctrinal
s sledge
large sled drawn by work animals
n hone
sharpen (a tool); N: whetstone for sharpening a tool
superiority of power, quantity, etc.; V. preponderate: be greater in power, weight, or importance; ADJ. preponderant
state of being immovable
violation of a law; sin; V. transgress: go beyond (a limit); violate; do wrong
n urbane
suave; refined in manner; elegant
teacher; CF. child leader
s scowl
frown angrily; N: angry frown
pardon (an offense)
pertaining to the brain or intellect; intellectual rather than emotional; CF. cerebrum
charge; N. indictment
s jumble
mix in a confused way
n enamored
in love; Ex. enamored of his own beauty; V. enamor: inspire with love
clash or conflict in opinion; rubbing against
n sacrosanct
invioably sacred; most sacred; inviolable
prank; flighty conduct; reckless adventure that disobeys rules
declare openly; N. avowal
n seemly
(of behavior) proper; appropriate
s recess
pause; temporary cessation; alcove; secret inner place; Ex. parliament in recess; V. CF. recessive
s regent
a person who governs in place of a ruler who is ill, absent, or still a child; ADJ. Ex. the Prince regent
s veto
vested power to reject a bill; exercise of this right; V: prevent or forbid by exercising the power of veto
s effulgent
shining brightly; brilliant
preoccupation with physical comforts and things; excessive regard for worldly concerns (rather than spiritual matters)
n cozen
cheat; hoodwink; swindle
n espouse
adopt; support (an idea or aim); marry; N. espousal
n vent
small opening; outlet (as of fumes or a gas); Ex. He gave vent to his anger by kicking the chair.
n cavalcade
procession of riders or horse-drawn carriages; parade; CF. cavalry
acquit; exculpate; free from blame or guilt
oblige or help someone; adjust or bring into harmony; adapt; make enough space for; ADJ. accommodative; CF. accomodating: helpful and obliging
ravenous; eating large quantities of food; exceedingly eager; insatiable; Ex. voracious animal/reader
pride; arrogance; ADJ. haughty
s urge
drive or force forward (by causing impulses); drive to take action; impel; entreat earnestly; Ex. urge horses; N: impulse that prompts action
extremely small; CF. minutes: official record of the proceedings at a meeting
n interloper
intruder; one who interferes
curative; N. therapy
harmony; agreement with established rules or customs; similarity; Ex. behave in conformity with; V. conform: be similar; act in agreement; comply; Ex. conform to the rule; CF. conformance
n dally
trifle with; toy with; treat without the necessary seriousness; procrastinate; waste time
n rife
(of something bad) widespread; abundant; current
examine and compare in order to verify authenticity; arrange in order (the sheets of a book before they are bound)
n promote
advance in rank; advance; help to flourish; advocate; help actively in forming; publicize or popularize; Ex. Milk promotes health; Ex. promote a match/bill; Ex. promote a new product
s linger
loiter or dawdle; be slow in leaving; delay going; continue or persist; be slow to disappear; Ex. The smell lingered for days.
s denomination
religious group; unit in a system; name or designation; CF. denominator: common trait or characteristic
n savor
enjoy; have a distinctive flavor, smell, or quality; N: taste or smell; distinctive quality
superfluous; more than is necessary; verbose; excessively wordy; repetitious
n ichthyology
study of fish; CF. ichthyo-: fish
childish; infantlike
n silt
sediment deposited by running water (at the entrance to a harbor or by a bend in a river)
morbid fear
n slipshod
slovenly; careless; sloppy; untidy; shabby; Ex. slipshod work
n lustrous
shining; brilliant; Ex. lustrous hair
environment; atmosphere; Ex. restraurant with a pleasant ambience; ADJ. ambient: completely surrounding; Ex. ambient temperature
illusive; deceptive; not real
external; not essential or inherent; extraneous; OP. intrinsic
n guffaw
boisterous laughter; V.
n shyster
lawyer using questionable methods; unscrupulous practioner
n ponderous
having great weight; weighty; unwieldy; lacking lightness; dull; Ex. ponderous body/style of writing
s mantle
loose sleeveless outer garment; cloak; something that covers or envelops; the layer of the earth between the crust and the core
n tantrum
fit of bad temper; fit of petulance; caprice; Ex. The child went into tantrums.
n tract
propaganda pamphlet (esp. by a religious or political group); expanse of land; region of indefinite size; system of related organs; Ex. digestive tract
s overthrow
topple; N.
s cross
bad-tempered; showing ill-humor; angry
s self-indulgence
excessive indulgence of one's own desire
make impossible; prevent; exclude; eliminate
violent; rough; noisy
s hysteria
excessive or uncontrollable excitement; N. hysteric: person suffering from hysteria; CF. hysterics: attack of hysteria
entice; attract; tempt
s brink
edge (at the top of a cliff); Ex. on the brink of the Grand Canyon
not able to be traveled or crossed
exceeding ordinary limits; superior; surpassing; V. transcend: go beyond; exceed; surpass; N. transcendancy
n prosaic
lacking in imagination; dull and unimaginative; matter-of-fact(concerned with facts, not imagination or feelings); factual; CF. prose
s peddle
travel about selling (wares); CF. foot
explanatory list of symbols on a map
go through or across
n cataclysm
deluge; upheaval; earthquake; violent and sudden event or change
draw out fact or information (by discussion or from someone)
n portly
stout; corpulent
refine; purify; replace (natural urges) with socially acceptable activities; change between a solid state and a gaseous state
n corporeal
bodily (rather than spiritual); of a bodily form; material; tangible
n unsightly
ugly; unpleasant to look at
restore to proper condition (health or useful life); restore the former rank of
s bastard
illegitimate child
state of reacting readily to appeals, orders, etc.; ADJ. responsive: readily reacting; Ex. responsive to treatment
s meter
arrangement of words in the form of poetry (by accentual rhythm)
n musty
stale (in odor or taste); spoiled by age; CF. moist
not active; acted upon; receiving an action without acting in return; accepting without resistance
n squat
short and thick; stocky; Ex. ugly squat tower; V. N.
s maroon
leave helpless on a deserted island or coast; ADJ. red brown
s functional
made for practical use only (without decoration); functioning; Ex. functional modern furniture; CF. functionalism
n gruesome
grisly; horrible
n repast
meal; feast; banquet
n shimmer
shine with a flickering light; glimmer intermittently; Ex. The moonlight shimmered on the water; N.
s bid
command; utter (a greeting); offer as a price; N: offer of a price; amount offered; earnest effort to gain something; Ex. bid for freedom
vague statement; general statement which is not detailed; quality of being general; greater part; most; Ex. generality of people
bravery; courage; strength of mind
burden; very worriying problem; mental care; nightmare; male devil; CF. succubus
n hackles
hairs on back and neck, especially of a dog; Ex. make someone's hackles rise
n bereavement
state of being deprived of something valuable or beloved; state of being bereaved or bereft
faithless lover; flirt
n moratorium
legal delay of payment or action; Ex. declare moratorium on the building of new houses
necessary requirement; something required; ADJ: required; necessary
n apothegm(apophthegm)
pithy, compact saying
holding of an office or real estate; time during which such an office is held
n forthright
straightforward; direct; frank
surmise; guess; V.
decorate with needlework; ornament (a story) with fancy or fictitious details; embellish
n infidel
unbeliever (with respect to a particular religion)
given freely; unwarranted; uncalled for; done without good reason; Ex. gratuitous comment
n cohorts
group of people who share some common quality; armed band; a group of between 300 and 600 soldiers under one commander (in the ancient Rome)
fleshly; sensual; concerning the desires of the body
n jocular
said or done in jest or playfully; marked by joking
remove or get rid of something or someone unwanted; eliminate; free from blame or guilt; cleanse or purify (esp. of sin, guilt, or defilement); N.
severity; Ex. rigors of the Russian winter
distaste; disgust; act of driving back; ADJ. repulsive: causing disgust; tending to drive away; V. repel (not `repulse')
n alimony
payments made regularly to an ex-spouse after divorce
n nadir
lowest point; point on the celestial sphere diametrically opposite the zenith
n exhort
urge (by strong argument or advice); Ex. The general exhorted his men to fight bravely; N. exhortation
lack of harmony; absurdity; ADJ. incongruous: lacking in harmony; inappropriate
n granary
storehouse for grain
s varnish
paint used to coat a surface with a glossy film; glossy coating produced by using this substance; Ex. nail varnish; V.
n supine
lying on back; passive; inactive; Ex. The defeated pugilist lay supine; Ex. supine acceptance of the decision
windstorm; gust of wind; emotional outburst (laughters, tears); Ex. gale of laughter
blindly devoted patriot; zealous adherent of a group, cause, or sex; ADJ. chauvinistic; CF. chauvinism; Nicolas Chauvin
s distinct
clearly different; clearly noticed
humorous imitation; spoof; takeoff; travesty; V.
n riddle
pierce with holes; permeate or spread throughout; Ex. The gunman riddled the car with bullets; Ex. The whole report is riddled with errors; N. large sieve (separating earth from stone)
prudent; judicious; well judged; expedient; well devised
n onerous
s shack
crude cabin
n acetic
n demographic
related to population balance; N. demography: statistical study of human population
thriftless; not providing for the future
n vignette
small drawing placed at the beginning or end of a chapter; picture; short literary sketch; short written description of a character or scene
n declivity
downward slope
n recalcitrant
disobedient or resisting authority even after being punished; obstinately stubborn; determined to resist authority; unruly; Ex. recalcitrant child
very poor person
n erratic
odd; irregular in movement or behavior; unpredictable
n terminus
last stop of railroad; end
Scandinavian myth; any legend; long heroic narrative
n gibe
mock; make jeering remarks; N: jeering remarks
nearing; approaching; about to happen
lack of self-confidence or courage
s stump
base of a tree trunk left after the rest has been cut down; V: walk in a heavy manner; baffle; puzzle
n canny
shrewd in money matters; thrifty
curse; express abhorrence for; detest
authorized agent; authority to act for another
s rasp
(of a sound) grate on (eg. nerves); make a harsh noise; have an unpleasant effect; rub with something rough; Ex. The cat's tongue rasped my hand.
large three-masted sailing ship
n mollycoddle
pamper; coddle; baby; indulge excessively
loiter; hang around; waste time doing nothing
n tonsure
shaving of the head especially by person entering religious orders; V.
n haggle
argue about prices (in an attempt to bargain)
replace; cause to be set aside; make obsolete; N. supersession
n polarize
split into opposite extremes or camps
hermit; loner; ADJ. reclusive
s remittance
remitting of money; amount of money remitted
system of religious or ethical belief
s vain
full of self-admiration; conceited; without result; unsuccessful; N. vanity
n coddle
treat gently; indulge excessively; pamper; mollycoddle; baby; cook in water just below boiling point; Ex. coddled eggs
n imperious
domineering; too commanding; haughty; CF. imperial/emperor
n turncoat
hereditary nobility; privileged class; government by nobility; N. aristocrat
n epigram
witty thought or saying, usually short
related to monks or monasteries; removed from worldly concerns
like a lion
violent anguish
(derog.) bestow courtesies with a superior air; descend to the level of one considered inferior
take (private property) for military use without needing permission or giving payment; draft for military purposes
root up; uproot; destroy completely
deck opening; lid covering a deck opening; V: emerge from an egg; produce (young) from an egg
s ecliptic
path of the sun and the planets
n venerate
revere; treat with great respect
not literal but metaphorical; using a figure(impression) of speech
n supernumerary
person or thing excess of what is necessary; extra; ADJ: additional to the usual or necessary number
extremely demanding; Ex. exacting standard of safety
s crinkle
s plebiscite
direct vote by the entire electorate (on an important issue)
spiritual rebirth; Ex. regeneration of the prisoners; V. regenerate: give or obtain new life; reform spiritually
n hardy
(of people or animals) sturdy; robust; (of plants) able to stand inclement(stormy) weather
so small, trifling, or unimportant as to be easily disregarded
impending; near at hand
study of artifacts and relics of early mankind
flexible; easily influenced; yielding; adaptable
s scrappy
s headfirst
moving with the head leading; headlong
n bolt
door bar; fastening pin or screw; length of fabric; large roll of cloth; V: dash or dart off; fasten (a door); gobble down
n megalomania
mania for doing grandiose things; mental disorder characterized by delusions of wealth, power, or importance
peak; highest point; acme; Ex. pinnacle of fame
s institutionalize
make into an institution; put or confine in an institution
make or become suitable for a specific use; alter; modify; adjust; N. adaptation: act of adapting; composition recast into a new form; Ex. The play is an adaption of a short novel.
make perpetual; make something last for a long time; preserve from extinction; N. perpetuity
n canter
slow gallop; V. CF. trot
meat-eating; N. carnivore; CF. herbivore
bring upon oneself
honesty; uprightness; wholeness; state of being whole and undivided; completeness
very high
n nurture
nourish; feed; educate; rear; care for while it is growing or developing; foster; cultivate; N: something that nourishes; rearing
s engaged
employed; busy; betrothed; involved in conflict
formal essay; treatise
reduce brittleness and improve toughness by heating and cooling (metal or glass)
accuse of or implicate in a crime; serve as evidence against; cause to seem or make guilty of a crime; Ex. incriminating evidence
n ruse
trick to deceive; stratagem
mutually destructive
hostility; active opposition; V. antagonize: cause to become an enemy; N. antagonist: person who is opposed to another; opponent; adversary; principal character in oppostion to the protagonist
intensely cold; cold in manner; Ex. frigid zone
acting without dialogue; V.
n poultice
soothing application applied to sore and inflamed portions of the body
n fester
rankle; produce irritation or resentment; (of a cut or wound) generate pus or rot; Ex. His insult festered in my mind for days.
return of part of a payment; discount; V.
n copious
journey; V. peregrinate
s plaster
paste that hardens to a smooth solid and is used for coating walls; V.
s scrap
small bit or fragment; discarded waste material; fight; Ex. a scrap of paper/cloth; V: break into parts for disposal; discard as worthless; fight; quarrel
liberate; free from chains; V. unfetter
going from one state of action to another
n traumatic
(of an experience) deeply shocking; pertaining to an injury caused by violence; N. trauma: serious wound; emotional shock that causes lasting psychological damage
kindly; favorable; not malignant (disease); Ex. benign tumor
being everywhere; omnipresent; N. ubiquity
n infernal
pertaining to hell; devilish; N. inferno: place of fiery heat or destruction
n venial
(of a fault or sin) forgivable; trivial
n toga
Roman outer robe
n vouchsafe
grant condescendingly; guarantee; Ex. vouchsafe your fair return on your investment
throw into confusion; involve in strife, dispute, or quarrel; entangle; CF. imbroglio
standards used in judging; CF. criterion
relating to the back of an animal; Ex. dorsal fin
government under a single ruler
point of moon's orbit when it is nearest the earth; CF. apogee
comprehend; investigate; determine the depth of; N. unit of measurement for the depth of water
neglect; failure to take reasonable care; ADJ. negligent: neglectful; lax; not taking enough care
n numismatist
person who collects coins; N. numismatics: study or collection of money, coins, and medals
fitness; talent
n disembark
debark; go ashore (from a ship); unload cargo from a ship; CF. embark
n defoliate
destroy leaves; deprive of leaves (by the use of chemicals); N. defoliant
s raffle
lottery; V: award as a prize in a raffle; Ex. raffle off a new car
n fodder
coarse food for cattle, horses, etc.; feed for livestock; CF. food
tendency to keep together
lacking caution; not prudent; injudicious
n disaffected
disloyal; lacking loyality; V. disaffect: cause to lose affection or loyalty
n husband
use sparingly; conserve; save; Ex. husband one's energy; CF. house holder
s deserts
what someone deserves
absurd; completely unreasonable; ridiculous
producing motion; of motion
s expeditious
done with speed; quick; N. expedition
s effectuate
effect; produce; achieve; Ex. effectuate a reconciliation
holding tenaciously to an action; stubborn; persistent
s lush
(of a plant or grass) growing very well
one opposed to force; antimilitarist; ADJ. N. pacifism: opposition to war as a means of resolving disputes
reproduce; duplicate
haughty; arrogant; condescending; patronizing; CF. eyebrow, cilium
s prance
move about in a spirited manner (proudly and confidently)
s license
official or legal permission; latitude of action or speech; excessive freedom that causes harm or damage; V.
n seamy
sordid; base; filthy; unwholesome; Ex. seamy side of city life
n bullion
gold and silver in the form of bars
s season
enhance the flavor of by adding a spice, etc.; inure; harden; N. seasoning: something used in seasoning
conquer; bring under control
state of distress; trial; cause of distress or suffering; V. afflict: inflict grievous suffering on
n throng
crowd (of people or things); V.
n mogul
powerful person; Ex. oil moguls; CF. Mogol, Moghul; CF. Mongolian
n adage
wise saying; proverb
going against; opposing; unfavorable; hostile
n gamut
entire range
s parish
area in the care of a single priest and served by one main church
pertaining to the body; bodily; physical
s effective
effectual; producing a strong response; striking; in operation; in effect; Ex. effective speech/photograph
s dart
move or throw suddenly and quickly
n fastidious
difficult to please; squeamish; fussy; finicky
arranged by degrees (of height, difficulty, etc.)
s chuckle
laugh quietly
s jab
poke abruptly with something sharp; punch with short blows
n doggerel
poor verse
s dummy
imitation of a real object used as a substitute; effigy
n martinet
strict disciplinarian; person who demands total obedience to rules and orders; CF. Jean Martinet
n muddle
confuse; mix up confusedly; N: state of confusion
n redoubtable
formidable; causing fear
s fussy
fastidious; finicky; easily upset
eat away; wear away gradually by abrasion; Ex. The sea erodes the rocks.
n pr\'ecis
abstract; concise summing up of main points; concise summary of a text
n bucolic
rustic; pastoral
outward appearance; costume; Ex. in a new guise
exaggerated; pompous; enlarged (with air or gas)
n vitreous
of glass; pertaining to or resembling glass; V. vitrify: change into glass; CF. petrify
s blue
gloomy; depressed
n burnish
make shiny by rubbing; polish
n awl
pointed tool used for piercing
n buffoonery
n aloof
apart; not open in one's relationship with other people; reserved; ADV.
n belabor
harp on; dwell on tediously; explain or go over excessively or to a ridiculous degree; assail verbally; beat severely; attack physically
dissimilar; mixed; not homogeneous; consisting of dissimilar elements or plants
person receiving protection and support from a patron
requiring sitting; done while sitting; not moving from one place to another; settled; Ex. sedentary job/population
having no motion; unchanging; lacking development; N. stasis: stable state
encode; convert a message into code; put into cipher
n mishap
unfortunate accident
dedicate; sanctify; declare as sacred; Ex. consecrate one's life to helping the poor
s retard
delay (in development); ADJ. retarded: (as of a child) slower in development
s executioner
person administering capital punishment
profane; violate the sanctity of
s postmortem
autopsy; ADJ: occurring after death; of a postmortem
lessen in value; belittle; represent as of little value
n prosody
art of versification; study of the metrical structure of verse
n nirvana
in Buddhist teachings, the ideal state in which the individual loses himself in the attainment of an impersonal beatitude
s debar
bar; forbid; exclude; Ex. debarred from jury services
s squeamish
easily shocked or sickened by unpleasant things; fastidious; Ex. A nurse should not be squeamish.
n intrude
put or force in without being asked; trespass; enter as an uninvited person; Ex. intrude one's own opinion into the report; CF. thrust in
sharp-cornered; having an angle; not rounded (body); bony; lean; gaunt; stiff in manner
entreat; request earnestly; seek to obtain; Ex. solicit votes; CF. solicitor: one who solicits; chief law officer
n capitulate
surrender; give up all resistance
n knell
tolling of a bell especially to indicate a funeral, disaster, etc.; sound of the funeral bell; V.
n posthumous
after death (as of child born after father's death or book published after author's death); coming or occurring after one's death; Ex. posthumous fame/novel
n recast
reconstruct (a sentence, story, statue, etc.); fashion again
n cog
tooth projecting from a wheel
s weary
tired after long work; V.
n cavalier
casual and offhand; arrogant; N: knight
s leash
restraining rope fastened to the collar of an animal (to control it); Ex. a dog on a leash
error; stupid mistake
n blowhard
talkative boaster; braggart
crush or grind into very small particles
open to view; public; not secret; CF. covert
express condolences; N. condolence: sympathy for someone who has experienced great sorrow
powerful; convincing; persuasive; greatly influential
s hothead
person who does things too quickly without thinking; ADJ. hotheaded
s flighty
(esp. of a woman's behavior) capricious; often changing, esp. from one lover to another; impulsive
(of a person) bold; adventurous; daring; (of an action) risky
n amputate
cut off part of body; prune (a limb)
n novelty
something new; newness; ADJ. novel: new; original
condense or shorten
n stodgy
dull; stuffy; boringly conservative; Ex. stodgy book
n refectory
dining hall; room where meals are served (in a school)
n wane
decrease in size or strength (after being full); grow gradually to an end; Ex. The moon waxes and wanes every month; N.
s mystic
of hidden meaning and spiritual power; Ex. mystic ceremonies; N. CF. mysticism
s historic
important in history; Ex. historic battle
start a fire; ignite; inspire; arouse
n scad
a great quantity; Ex. scads of clothes
n fractious
unruly; peevish; cranky; bad-tempered; Ex. fractious horse
pertaining to money
n impeach
charge (a public official) with crime in office; raise doubts about; indict; Ex. impeach a witness's credibility
s groom
man employed to take care of horses; V: make neat and trim; clean and brush (an animal)
pour off gently (wine or liquid)
n penance
self-imposed punishment for sin; Ex. do penance for one's sins; CF. penitent
n swill
drink greedily
unsuited; inappropriate; lacking skill; incompetent; CF. inapt: (of statements or ideas) inappropriate
s vertebrate
having a backbone or spinal column; N: group of animals having a segmented spinal column
n malfeasance
wrongdoing; misconduct (by a public official)
s token
outward sign; Ex. a token of our gratitude
n chortle
chuckle with delight; N.
s carefree
free from worries; having no problems
n osseous
made of bone; bony
n kudos
honor; glory; acclaim or praise for exceptional achievement
n anvil
iron block used in hammering out metals
n manifold
many in number or kind; numerous; varied
n inured
accustomed; hardened; Ex. inured to the Alaskan cold; V. inure: make used to something undesirable; harden; CF. unfeeling
moderation or self-control; controlling force; restriction
n quisling
traitor who aids invaders; CF. Vidkun Quisling
s freebooter
pirate or plunderer who makes war in order to grow rich
something attached to but holding an inferior position
explanatory; serving to explain; N. exposition: explaining; exhibition
n drone
talk dully; buzz or murmur like a bee; N.
n spat
squabble; minor dispute; minor quarrel
able to float; cheerful and optimistic; N. buoyancy; Ex. buoyancy of wood/water/American market
n stanch
stop or check flow of blood; Ex. stanch the gushing wound
correct (usually a text); N. emendation: correction of errors; improvement
s prepossessing
attractive; CF. preoccupying ?
n hermetic
concerning alchemy or magic; obscure and mysterious; occult
trifles; unimportant matters
demanding much work or care; tedious
n renegade
deserter; traitor; ADJ.
state of being partial; inclination; favorable bias; special fondness; preference
energetic; vigorously active
self-satisfaction; smugness; ADJ. complacent
gift made by a will; something handed down from an ancestor
n torrid
(of weather) hot or scorching; passionate; Ex. torrid love affairs
predatory animal or bird; predatory person; creature that seizes and devours another animal; person who robs or exploits others; ADJ. predatory: living by preying on other organisms; plundering; N. predation
spotless; flawless; absolutely clean
s makeshift
temporary expedient or substitute (in the case of urgent need); Ex. makeshift shelter
make coins; invent or fabricate (a word or phrase); N. coinage: word or phrase recently invented
n scurvy
contemptible; despicable; N: disease caused by deficiency of Vitamin C
n archetype
prototype; primitive pattern
n latitude
freedom from narrow limitations
n sheaf
bundle of stalks of grain; any bundle of things tied together
n stalwart
physically strong; brawny; steadfast; strong in mind or determination; Ex. stalwart supporter; N: stalwart follower
n diatribe
bitter scolding or denunciation; invective; abuse
n chaff
worthless products of an endeavor; husk(outer seed cover) separated from grain; Ex. separate the wheat from the chaff
call together; Ex. convoke Parliament; N. convocation
former occupant of a post
s seduce
lead away from proper conduct; entice; ADJ. seductive
driving forward; N. propulsion
flexible; limber; pliant
s dissension
disagreement of opinions causing strife within a group
decide; settle; solve; separate; make a determined decision; N. resolution
having a common origin; related linguistically; allied by blood; similar or akin in nature; Ex. cognate languages; N.
society ruled by the wealthy
n brittle
hard but easily broken; difficult; unstable; Ex. brittle situation
n raspy
making a harsh noise; grating; harsh
n penumbra
partial shadow (in an eclipse); CF. almost shadow
s clipper
sailing vessel built for great speed
irregular; odd; unconventional; whimsical; bizarre; not concentric
courteous; faithful; brave; N. chivalry
s constituency
voters represented by an elected official; district so represented; group of supporters (or constituents)
s grunt
utter a deep guttural sound (as a pig does); N.
untimely; inappropriate or ill-timed; poorly chosen
n temporal
of time; not lasting forever; limited by time; temporary; secular; worldly
sameness leading to boredom; monotonousness; ADJ. monotonous; CF. monotone
disease communicator
an error involving time in a story; something or someone misplaced in time; ADJ. anachronistic
give protection (by giving food and shelter); provide a refuge for; hide; keep in mind (thoughts or feelings); Ex. harbor a grudge/criminal; N: place of shelter; refuge
n uxorious
excessively submissive or devoted to one's wife; CF. uxor: wife
n censorious
severely critical
sweet sound; ADJ. euphonious
n hyperbole
exaggeration; overstatement; ADJ. hyperbolic: of hyperbole; of a hyperbola
s sentimental
swayed by sentiment; appealing to the sentiments
n charlatan
quack; pretender to knowledge (esp. in medicine)
n pristine
unspoiled; remaining in a pure state; characteristic of earlier times; primitive; Ex. an old book in pristine condition
tax levied by a ruler; payment made by one nation to another in acknowledgment of submission; mark of respect (such as praise or gift); Ex. pay tribute to
n problematic
causing a problem; open to doubt; doubtful; unsettled; questionable; Ex. Whether the arena will ever be completed is problematic.
mysterious; hidden; secret
n unassuming
modest; Ex. the champion's unassuming manner
offer formally; extend; Ex. tender one's resignation/the exact fare; N: formal offer; money; Ex. legal tender; ADJ: young and vulnerable; sensitive to the touch; sore; soft; delicate; Ex. child of tender years; Ex. tender wound
n dossier
file of documents on a subject or person; file; CF. bundle of papers labeled on the back
object to be thrown or projected
s lace
cord used to draw and tie together two opposite edges (as of a shoe); delicate fabric made of fine threads; V: draw together by tying a lace
s entourage
group of attendants; retinue; CF. surround
n tumid
(of a part of the body) swollen; distended; bombastic; pompous
n lurk
stealthily lie in waiting; slink; exist unperceived
n unprepossessing
mild expression in place of an unpleasant one; ADJ. euphemistic
s ruminant
animal that ruminates; ADJ.
s willowy
flexible; pliant; slender; CF. willow
gift giver; patron; person who does good or who gives money for a good purpose
s bigot
one who is intolerant (in matters of religion or politics)
n progeny
children; offspring; descendants
n imbecility
weakness of mind; state of being an imbecile; N. imbecile: stupid person; fool
n uncouth
boorish; clumsy in speech or behavior; outlandish
n hoary
white with age
list; mention one by one
harmful; causing injury
n abate
subside or moderate
n monumental
massive; impressively large; built as a monument
not able to be perceived by touch; vague
s hull
husk; dry outer covering of a seed; frame or body of a ship
state without proof
n throttle
strangle; regulate the speed of with a throttle; N: valve that regulates the flow; CF. throat ?
invigorate; give energy to; make forceful and active
brother or sister
corpse; dead human body
n appurtenances
subordinate possessions; something added to a more important thing
s rhapsody
excessively enthusiastic expression of feeling; musical composition of irregular form (as if made up as one plays it)
n slew
large quantity or number; Ex. slew of errands left
operatic singer; prima donna
s oversee
watch over and direct; supervise; N. oversight: unintentional failure to notice or do something; supervision
filled with great surprise or fear; horrified
vibrate pendulumlike; waver
not native; from another part of the world; strange; intriguingly unusual; Ex. exotic flower/dress
cause to appear by magic; summon (a devil or a spirit) by magical power; practice magic (esp. by very quick movement of the hands); evoke; conjure up: bring into the mind; Ex. The magician conjured a rabbit out of his hat.
n hydrophobia
fear of water; rabies
clumsy (in social behavior); coarse and uncouth
s feebleminded
deficient in intelligence; very stupid
n headlong
hasty; rash; headfirst; ADV.
mildness; permissiveness; ADJ. lenient: not severe in judgment or punishment
s ooze
(of a thick liquid) pass or flow slowly; N: mud or thick liquid as at the bottom of a river
n bemused
confused; lost in thought; preoccupied
permitting light to pass through freely; easily detected; obvious; clear; Ex. transparent lie
pleasantly merry; festive; joyous; gay; characterized by joviality; jovial
s brawl
noisy quarrel
n gamely
in a spirited manner; with courage; Ex. fight gamely against a superior boxer; ADJ. game
n palatial
of or suitable for a palace; magnificent
s clot
half-solid lump formed from a liquid (or blood); V.
sharpness (of mind or senses of sight or hearing)
flat plain of mud or sand between branches of a river
study of insects
drive out evil spirits
n quotidian
daily; commonplace; customary; Ex. quotidian routine
n pterodactyl
extinct flying reptile; CF. wing+finger
n vintner
wine merchant; winemaker; seller of wine
s snuffle
sniffle; sniff repeatedly (in order to keep liquid from running out of the nose)
n mangy
shabby; wretched; suffering from mange; of bad appearance
censure; rebuke; N. reproof
trader; V. barter: trade; exchange good for other goods rather than money
s emblazon
ornament richly (a shield or flag); N. emblazonment
n kismet
fate; destiny; Ex. Kismet is the Arabic word for fate.
(of water) not flowing (often bad-smelling); motionless; stale; not developing; inactive; dull; Ex. stagnant industrial output
flexible; easily influenced
mass for the dead; dirge
s pulse
rhythmical throbbing of arteries; brief sudden change in a normally constant quantity; V: pulsate
n forebears(forbears)
n quiver
tremble; shake; N.
s elastic
able to spring back into shape; quick to recover (as from disappointment); able to adapt to change; Ex. elastic plans; N: elastic material
n cohabit
live together
n disquisition
formal systematic inquiry; explanation of the results of a formal inquiry; long formal speech or written report
n vitriolic
causing sharp pain to the mind; caustic; corrosive; sarcastic; of vitriol; N. vitriol: sulphuric acid (which burns flesh deeply); bitterly abusive expression; caustic expression; CF. glass
rate of occurrence; particular occurrence; Ex. high incidence of infant mortality
n wean
accustom a baby not to nurse; accustom (the young of a mammal) to take nourishment other than by suckling; give up a cherished activity; cause to gradually leave (an interest or habit); Ex. wean oneself from cigarettes
morally pure; virginal; abstaining from illicit sexual acts; modest; simple (of a style of writing); not highly decorated; austere
n plumage
feathers of a bird;
able to walk
not able to be corrected or repaired; impossible to repair
n expletive
meaningless word; interjection; profane oath; swear-word
n cabal
small group of persons secretly united to promote their own interests
n impeccable
border; edge, rim, or margin; Ex. on the verge of: very near to; V: border on
n reciprocate
do or give something in return; repay in kind; give or take mutually; interchange; move backwards and forwards; Ex. reciprocate his invitation by inviting him; N. reciprocity: reciprocal relationship; mutual interchange of advantages between two groups; Ex. reciprocity in trading rights
s rickety
(of buildings) likely to break or fall apart; of rickets; CF. rickets; CF. vitamin D
n astigmatism
eye defect which prevents proper focus; OP. stigmatism
n scruple
hesitate for ethical reasons; fret about; Ex. She did not scruple to read his diary; N: uneasy feeling arising from conscience; conscience
n blanch
bleach; whiten; make white or pale
expressing irony; occurring in an unexpected and contrary manner
s prefigure
be a sign of; foreshadow
compulsive habitual need
wild tumult(commotion); wild noisy disorder; CF. Paradise Lost
thought; working of the brain
s sonic
of sound or its speed in air; CF. subsonic, supersonic
consider; ponder; ADJ: done on purpose; slow
annoying; tedious; V. irk: annoy
n pander
cater to (the low desires of others)
stoical; impassive; unmoved by joy or grief; N. CF. stoicism
s toss
throw lightly; move or lift (the head) with a sudden motion; flip (a coin) to decide something
n bohemian
unconventional (in an artistic way)
s confide
tell in confidence (to a person one trusts); be confident about
s bristle
short stiff hair; V: (hair or fur) stand up stiffly
n downcast
disheartened; dejected; sad; directed downward
n frantic
wild; distraught as from fear or worry; Ex. frantic with fear
prohibit; ostracize; banish; outlaw
s indulge
yield to; gratify; allow oneself a special pleasure; Ex. indulge one's every whim/a child/in a big cigarette; N. indulgence
n caucus
private meeting of a group of people in a political party to select officers or determine policy; CF. the Caucus club of Boston
boldness; nerve; rashness; Ex. temerity to ask for a pay increase after only three day's work
n flaunt
display ostentatiously; Ex. ``Honey, if you've got it, flaunt it !''
n laity
laypersons; laymen; persons not connected with the clergy
n gouge
tear out; cut out (as if with a gouge); Ex. gouge his eyes out; N: chisel for cutting out hollow areas in wood
deadlock; situation in which further action is blocked
n expatiate
talk at length; speak or write in detail
slavish; cringing; N. servility
characterizing or affecting all; general; present everywhere; of the universe; cosmic; Ex. universal agreement; Ex. a subject of universal interest
slanderous remark; Ex. cast aspersions on
n apiary
a place where bees are kept
s toll
sound (a large bell) slowly at regular intervals; N: sound of a bell; fixed tax or charge
n limn
draw; outline; describe; CF. line ?
risk, particularly of being exposed to disease or to the elements; unmasking; act of laying something open; Ex. exposure of governmental corruption
make impure or of poorer quality by adding inferior or tainted(contaminated) substances
incriminate; involve incriminatingly; show to be involved (in a crime); Ex. implicate someone in the crime
start; beginning
climb up; ascend; remove or come off in scales; N: flake of epidermis; ascending or descending series of musical tones
n aureole
sun's corona; halo; bright circle of light
s mortar
vessel in which substances are crushed with a pestle
n dapper
neat and trim (in appearance); (of small men) neat in appearance and quick in movements; neat; spry
dummy; likeness of a person made of wood, paper, or stone; Ex. burn an effigy of the President
s outcast
one that has been excluded from a society; ADJ.
lose animation or strength
gradual intrusion; Ex. I resent all these encroachments on my valuable time; V. encroach: take another's possessions or right gradually or stealthily; intrude; Ex. encroach on/upon
system of ideas characteristic of a group or culture
harass, annoy, torment (by repeated attacks); raid
frustrate; put to rout; defeat; disconcert; embarrass; perturb
n titter
nervous giggle; nervous laugh; V.
flowing into
n incrustation
hard coating or crust; V. incrust: encrust; cover with a crust
n flippant
lacking proper seriousness; Ex. flippant remarks about death; N. flippancy
n decomposition
decay; V. decompose: decay; break and separate into simple parts
n anthem
song of praise or patriotism; Ex. national anthem
n comatose
in a coma; extremely sleepy
quality of being unsophisticated; simplicity; artlessness; gullibility; ADJ. naive(na\"ive): ingenuous; lacking worldliness; simple; credulous
n spry
(esp. of older people) vigorously active; nimble
n patois
local or provincial dialect
s drastic
strong; violent and severe; Ex. drastic changes/measures
serving to assist; subordinate; secondary; of a subsidy; N.
s elope
run away secretly with the intention of getting married
ordinary; typical; not nuclear; Ex. conventional weapons
n fete(f\^ete)
honor at a festival; celebrate or honor with a feast; N. (outdoor) festival or feast; CF. feast
without an equal; single in kind
(of a place) deserted; unpopulated; (of a person) lonely; forlorn; joyless
docile; easily managed; (of something) easily changed or molded; N. tractability
n skinflint
miser; stingy person
like an emperor; related to an empire; CF. imperialism
s lunatic
insane; Ex. lunatic asylum
n mischance
ill luck
n gaunt
lean and angular; thin and bony; emaciated; barren
n grueling
exhausting; Ex. grueling marathon race
defrock; strip a priest or minister of church authority
whim; sudden change of mind without any real cause
naive and trusting; young; unsophisticated; candid
opinion contrary to popular belief; opinion contrary to accepted religion; ADJ. heretical; CF. heretic
n inane
silly; senseless; Ex. inane remarks; N. inanity
n chisel
swindle or cheat; N: wedgelike tool for cutting
all-powerful; having unlimited power
n hinterlands
back country; inner part of a country; OP. foreland
n brawn
human muscle; muscular strength; sturdiness
n camaraderie
good-fellowship; CF. comrade
departure (of a large number of people)
s smother
kill from lack of air; suppress; cover thickly; Ex. smothered in little stickers
generous; charitable; having a wish to do good
cause; produce; give rise to
n canker
any ulcerous sore; ulcer; any evil; CF. cancer
sink to a lower level; settle down; sink to the bottom (as a sediment); descend; grow quiet; become less; moderate; abate
n susceptible
impressionable; easily influenced; sensitive; having little resistance as to a disease; likely to suffer; receptive to; capable of accepting; Ex. susceptible to persuasion/colds; Ex. The agreement is not susceptible of alteration; N. susceptibility
disown; disavow; deny
whirlwind; whirlpool; center of turbulence; predicament into which one is inexorably plunged
n fructify
bear fruit; produce fruit
aversion; dislike or opposition
s trifle
something of little importance or value; small amount; Ex. a trifle; V: treat without seriousness; flirt
n homeostasis
tendency of a system or organism to maintain relative stability or internal equilibrium; CF. homeo-: constant; Ex. homeotherm
n garbled
mixed up; jumbled; distorted; V. garble: mix up or distort (a message) to such an extent as to make misleading or unintelligible
n disheveled
untidy (of hair or clothing); V. dishevel
one who studies the skin and its diseases
n outstrip
outrun; surpass; outdo
fame; ADJ. renowned
shorten; reduce
n chalice
goblet; consecrated cup
s decrepit
weak and in bad condition from old age or hard use; Ex. decrepit old chair/man
n carat(karat)
unit of weight for precious stones; measure of the purity of gold
bloody; with much bloodshed
person with power to decide a matter in dispute; judge who is in a position ot make influential judgments; Ex. supreme arbiter of fashion in beachware
n quarantine
isolation of a person, place, or ship to prevent spread of infection; V: isolate in quarantine
s supplicant
one who supplicates; ADJ.
s wholesome
conducive to mental or physical health; healthful
n gorge
stuff oneself (with food); glut; CF. gorgeous: dazzlingly beautiful
evasive; not frank; baffling; hard to grasp, catch, or understand; V. elude: escape from; escape the understanding or grasp of; Ex. elude the hunter; Ex. His name eludes me.
symbol of immortality or rebirth; Ex. phoenix rising from its ashes
wordy; N. verbosity
n staid
serious and sedate; sober; Ex. staid during the funeral ceremony
n slapdash
hasty and careless; haphazard; sloppy(carelessly done)
n unimpeachable
that cannot be impeached; beyond doubt or question; blameless and exemplary
protruding(sticking out); conspicuous; notable; eminent
n bandy
discuss lightly or glibly; discuss in a frivolous manner; exchange (words) heatedly; quarrel; Ex. bandy words with
logical formula consisting of a major premise, a minor premise and a conclusion; deceptive or specious argument
n fitful
spasmodic; intermittent; irregular
n thermal
pertaining to heat; producing heat; warm; Ex. thermal bath; N: rising current of warm air
s vile
despicable; unpleasant; disgusting; Ex. vile slander
attacking; insulting; distasteful; V. offend: violate; hurt the feelings of; N. offense: offending; violating of a moral or social code; crime; attack; Ex. first offense
s rabies
disease passed on by the bite of an infected animal (causing madness and death)
binding; required; compulsory; V. oblige: constrain; make grateful; do a favor; accommodate
premonition of evil; feeling of coming evil; V. forebode: be a warning of (something unpleasant)
s queer
strange; eccentric; deviating from the normal
s boor
rude, insensitive person
n occlude
shut; close; obstruct; Ex. A blood clot occluded an artery.
intellectuals; members of the educated elite (often used derogatorily)
s rolling
(of land) rising and falling in long gentle slopes; happening continuously by stages; Ex. rolling devolution of power to local governments
s peer
one who has equal standing with another; nobleman; V: look intently; N. peerage; CF. peeress
s foul
very bad or disagreeable; very dirty; Ex. foul smell/flavor/temper/language/air/deed/weather/means; N. act against the rules; V. make or become foul; commit a foul
n gawk
stare foolishly; look in open-mouthed awe
make use of, sometimes unjustly; N. exploitation
the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes or opinions
n quail
cower; shrink back in fear; lose heart
speed of music
n exceptionable
objectionable; likely to cause dislike; offensive; CF. unexceptionable: entirely acceptable
n protean
able to take on many forms; versatile; CF. Proteus: sea god to change his shape at will
unintentionally; by oversight; carelessly
n belated
s gracious
kind in a generous way (to someone less important)
n dint
means; effort; Ex. by dint of hard work
s wrongheaded
stubbornly wrong
n jostle
shove; bump; push against (someone) rather roughly; Ex. jostled by the crowds
temporary moderation (of disease symptoms); remitting of a debt or punishment; cancelation of a debt; pardon; Ex. The disease went into remission; Ex. Christians pray for the remission of sins.
foretell; be a warning or sign of; N: presentiment; foreboding; omen
n doldrums
blues; listlessness(lack of spirit or energy); slack(inactive) period; period of stagnation; ocean area near the equator where ships cannot move because there is no wind; Ex. in the doldrums
incomplete; favoring one side over another; having a liking for something
arouse to action; goad; motivate; induce to exist; Ex. incite a riot/the crowd to rebellion
pertaining to the moon
hatch; warm (eggs) with the body to promote hatching; maintain at optimal environment conditions for development; be holding in one's body an infection which is going to develop into a disease; N. incubation; CF. incubation:disease
make amends for (a sin)
n fanfare
call by bugles or trumpets; showy display; spectacular public display
n gambol
romp; skip about; leap about playfully; frolic; N.
every two years
tranquillity; calmness
casual; hastily done with little attention to detail
begin formally; install in office; induct into office by a formal ceremony; N. inauguration; ADJ. inaugural
n sagacious
wise; perceptive; shrewd; having insight; N. sagacity
s sleek
smooth and shining (as from good health); V.
s fruitful
producing results; profitable; prolific; producing in abundance
conduct or language inciting rebellion; rebellion; resistance to authority; insubordination; ADJ. seditious
n skiff
small light sailboat or rowboat
s breed
produce young; rear; bring up; produce (an undesirable condition); N: kind or sort of animal or plant
quick sharp reply; V.
n penchant
strong inclination; strong liking (esp. for something that is disapproved of by other people); Ex. penchant for fast cars
a covered passageway usually lined with shops
n slag
glassy residue from smelting metal; dross; waste matter
s gallows
framework from which a noose is suspended (used for execution by hanging)
call forth (memory or feeling); Ex. That old film evoked memories of my childhood; N. evocation
n fell
cut or knock down (a tree or a person); bring down (with a missile)
n mordant
biting; sarcastic; stinging; (apprec.) incisive; cutting; Ex. mordant pen/wit
teach (ideas or principles); instill
understood but not stated; implied; unquestioning and complete; Ex. implicit trust
n frolicsome
prankish; gay; playful; merry; frisky
n scabbard
case for a sword blade; sheath
n amalgam
combination of different things; mixture of metals (containing mercury) used for filling holes in teeth
one who hates mankind; misanthropist
ideal place, state, or society; ADJ. utopian
n inscrutable
difficult to understand; impenetrable; not readily understood; mysterious
n determination
resolve; firmness of purpose; measurement or calculation; decision
introductory statement
s submerge
place under water; dip; go under water; cover completely (as with water); Ex. submerged in work
n septic
of or causing sepsis; putrid; producing putrefaction; N. sepsis: poisoning of part of the body (producing pus)
error; misunderstanding; V. misapprehend
n snicker
half-stifled(suppressed) laugh; V.
s layman
man who is not a cleric; man who is nonprofessional
n capacity
mental or physical ability; role; position or duty; ability to accommodate; Ex. in my capacity as president
n fleece
wool coat of a sheep; V: shear the fleece from; rob by a trick; swindle; plunder
testimony under oath; deposing; dethroning
penitent; repentant; N. contrition
soul; mind
n outskirts
fringes; outer borders (as of a city); Ex. outskirts of Boston
clean; remove offensive parts of a book
sound on judgment; wise
charge in court; indict
expert at; very skilled
n bauble
trinket; cheap jewel; trifle
s taunt
deride or provoke; challenge in derision; N.
s compulsion
compelling; strong desire that is difficult to control; irresistible impulse
n idiom
expression whose meaning as a whole differs from the meanings of its individual words; distinctive style (of expression); Ex. idiom of the modern popular music; ADJ. idiomatic
n panache
flair; manner of doing things without any difficulty (causing admiration); flamboyance; bunch of feathers (on a helmet); Ex. with great panache; CF. ÀÜ ¾Æ·¡·Î õÀ» »©³»´Â ¼Ø¾¾
n acerbity
bitterness of speech and temper; ADJ. acerbic: bitter; acrid (in taste, manner, or tone)
n renege
break a promise; deny; go back on; Ex. renege on the contract/paying off the debt
uneasiness; anxiety; V. disquiet: make anxious
s concordat
formal agreement
n fancier
breeder or dealer of animals; one who has a special interest, as for raising specific plant or animal
large city
s voodoo
religion practiced chiefly in Haiti
freeze; coagulate
n retrench
cut down; cut down expenses; economize
without previous preparation; off the cuff(end of a sleeve); on the spur of the moment
s intoxicate
make drunk; stimulate or excite; Ex. intoxicated by all the money he might win
real being
s overturn
turn over; capsize; topple
joking talk; good-naturedly ridiculing; N.V. banter
apparatus used to maintain balance, ascertain direction, etc.
talkative; N. loquacity
n philology
study of language or words
s base
contemptible; morally bad; inferior in value or quality; Ex. base motives/conduct; Ex. base metal such as iron
n fracas
brawl(noisy quarrel or fight) in which a number of people take part; melee
s margin
border; room; allowance beyond what is needed; Ex. margin of safety
n ligneous
like wood
n slither
slip or slide
n impugn
dispute or contradict (often in an insulting way); attack as false or questionable; challenge; gainsay; CF. fight
s pedigree
line of ancestors; ancestry; lineage; ADJ. (of an animal) descended from of a chosen family; Ex. pedigree dog; CF. crane's foot
n warren
tunnels in which rabbits live; overcrowded living area; crowded conditions in which people live
n querulous
given to complaining; complaining; fretful; whining
one devoted to the promotion of human welfare; CF. humanism
n stint
supply; allotted amount of work; assigned portion of work; limitation; Ex. two-year stint in the army; Ex. without stint
prevent by taking action in advance
s spoilsport
one who spoils the pleasure of others
random; by chance; happening in an unplanned manner; Ex. haphazard growth of the town
n addendum
addition; appendix to book; something that is added (as at the end of a speech or book)
implied comparison; CF. simile
deserving blame; blameworthy
set off; start
s confidential
spoken or written in secret; trusted with private matters; Ex. confidential secretary
great fire
n provender
dry food for livestock; fodder
n quadruped
four-footed animal; ADJ. CF. biped
n barefaced
shameless and noticeable; blatant; bold; unconcealed; having no covering on the face; Ex. barefaced lie
s consternation
great shock; dismay
deserving blame; blameworthy; V. reprehend: blame
(appreciatively) cutting; sharp; Ex. incisive remarks; V. incise: make a cut into
delaying; tending to delay
n refrain
abstain from; resist; forbear; N: chorus
s rank
offensive in odor or flavor
n marred
damaged; disfigured; V. mar: spoil; disfigure
s surge
powerful movement of or like a wave; V.
n jettison
throw overboard (from a ship or plane)
n cajole
persuade by praise or false promise; coax; wheedle
informal discussion; conversation
n anathema
solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse; V. anathematize
n spatula
broad-bladed instrument used for spreading or mixing
n quandary
dilemma; state of uncertainty; Ex. She is in a quandary about whether to go.
mental disorder marked by confusion; uncontrolled excitement; ADJ. delirious
s curfew
regulation requiring all people to leave the streets at stated times; signal (as a bell) announcing the hour of a curfew
n succulent
juicy; full of juice or sap; full of richness; N: succulent plant such as a cactus
n junta
group of persons joined in political intrigue; cabal; group of military officers ruling a country after seizing power (by force)
n morose
ill-humored; sullen; sullenly melancholy
most favorable; optimal; N: most favorable condition
n seine
seine net; net for catching fish
n gustatory
affecting or relating to the sense of taste
n apolitical
having an aversion or lack of concern for political affairs
n mollify
soothe an angry person
s constitution
constituting; system of laws; composition of something; physical makeup or structure of a person; Ex. men with strong constitutions
preceding events that influence what comes later; ancestors or early background
s rotund
(of a person) fat and round
n misadventure
mischance; ill luck; Ex. death by misadventure
s wage
begin and continue (a war)
n proscenium
part of stage in front of curtain; front arch of a stage
s strangle
kill by choking or suffocating; suppress
n scoff
laugh (at); mock; ridicule; Ex. scoff at their threats
pertaining to farewell; N: farewell address (esp. at graduation exercises)
failure to act; failure to perform a task or be present; V.
s nova
star that suddenly becomes much brighter and then returns to its original brightness
excessive; overabundant; unnecessary; N. superfluity
speak evil of; bad-mouth(criticize spitefully); defame; ADJ: harmful; Ex. malign influence
n hurtle
crash; rush; move with great speed; Ex. hurtling runaway train
n ovation
enthusiastic applause
s touching
causing a feeling of pity or sympathy; pathetic; V. touch: cause to feel pity or sympathy; ADJ. touched
n prevail
be widespread; triumph over; gain victory; prevail on: persuade; induce; Ex. Justice has prevailed; Ex. prevail on someone to do something
servile flatterer; bootlicker; yes man; ADJ. sycophantic
signs; indications; Ex. indices of a student's potential; CF. index: something that reveals or indicates; sign; Ex. cost-of-living index
act of finding the total; summing-up; summary (esp. one given by the judge at the end of a trial)
s bookish
fond of books and reading
n cant
insincere speech or expression of piety; jargon of thieves; special words used by a particular group of people
n faze
disconcert; dismay; embarrass
n felicitous
(of a word or remark) apt; suitably expressed; well chosen
s smear
spread or cover with a sticky substance; N: mark made by smearing
worldly; not pertaining to church matters or religion; temporal
bizzare; peculiar; unconventional
n vilify
slander; speak evil of; N. vilification
thick-skinned animal
n clapper
striker (tongue) of a bell
n prate
talk idly; speak foolishly; boast idly
s tribune
official of ancient Rome elected by the plebians to protect their rights; protector of the people
twist out of shape; give a false account of; misrepresent; N. distortion
n badinage
teasing conversation; banter; joking talk
s plane
carpenter's tool for smoothing and leveling wood; V. CF. flat
n plethora
excess; overabundance; Ex. a plethora of excuses
n filch
steal (things of small value)
n horticultural
pertaining to cultivation of gardens; N. horticulture: science or art of cultivating fruits, vegetables, or ornamental plants; CF. agriculture: science or art of farming or growing crops
lessening; reduction in size; V. diminish
combine; fuse; N. coalescence
n coeval
living at the same time as; existing during the same period of time; contemporary; of the same age
s crossbreed
hybridize; N: hybrid; CF. interbreed; CF. inbreed
n trek
travel; journey; V: make a long difficult journey
n invocation
prayer for help (used in invoking); calling upon as a reference or support; act of invoking
n peruse
read through with care; N. perusal
n garish
overbright in color; unpleasantly bright; gaudy
deceptive scheme; clever trick
s prank
mischievous trick
n ribald
marked by vulgar lewd humor; wanton; profane; N. ribaldry: ribald language or joke
s discriminate
distinguish; make distinctions on the basis of preference
n berserk
mad with violent anger; frenzied; madly excited
n volatile
changeable; of a quickly changing nature (as of temper); mercurial; tending to violence; evaporating rapidly; Ex. volatile character/situation in the street
n debonair
(of men) friendly, charming, and fashionably dressed; aiming to please; CF. of good disposition
wander aimlessly (physically or mentally); digress
approve formally; confirm; verify
n savant
scholar; learned person; CF. savoir: know
omission of words from a text; mark used to indicate an omission (when the meaning can be understood without them); PL. ellipses
n legerdemain
sleight(dexterity) of hand; CF. light of hand
spread out (troops) in an extended though shallow battle line; distribute (persons or forces) systematically or strategically
antiquated; extremely ancient
n nefarious
very wicked
harmonious; in harmony with; able to exist together
s putrescent
becoming putrid; putrefying
n quizzical
curious; suggesting puzzlement (without saying); questioning; teasing; mocking; bantering; Ex. quizzical glance
n spangle
small shiny metallic piece sewn to clothing for ornamentation
n heinous
atrocious; wicked; hatefully bad; Ex. heinous crime
explain in detail; interpret; clarify; CF. explicable
worsen; aggravate; embitter
meeting place; meeting at a set time or place; V.
n talisman
charm; object believed to give supernatural powers to or protect its bearer
n brooch
ornamental clasp; pin
s soar
rise or fly high in the air; Ex. The rocket soared into the sky.
act of assuming a human body and human nature; one who personifies something; personification; Ex. previous incarnation/reincarnation
firmness; persistence
diabolic; devilish; fiendish
s resound
(of a place) be filled with sound; (of a sound) sound loudly; sound back; echo; Ex. hall resounded with laughter
motherly; N. maternity: motherhood
clamorous; noisy; V. vociferate: cry out loudly (when complaining)
specialist in classifying (animals, etc.); CF. taxonomy: science of classification
n gall
bitterness of feeling; nerve; effrontery; ´ãÁó(bile); CF. gall bladder
n bait
harass; tease; torment; Ex. badger baiting; N: food or other lure used to catch fish or trap animals
s blush
become red in the face (from embarrassment or shame); become red or rosy; N.
s fancy
imagination (of a whimsical or fantastic nature); capricious liking; V: imagine; be fond of; ADJ. decorative; elaborate
s nourish
provide with food necessary for life and growth
n itinerant
wandering; traveling from place to place (to perform work); Ex. itinerant preacher
determined; Ex. bent on advancing in the business; N: natural talent or inclination
s edifice
building (of imposing size)
person who establishes (an organization or business)
s ambush
act of lying in wait to attack by surprise; sudden attack made from a concealed position; Ex. lie in ambush; V.
n crux
essential or main point; Ex. the crux of the problem; ADJ. crucial: of deciding importance
s horoscope
diagram of the positions of stars at a given moment (eg. of a person's birth) used by astrologers
n chaffing
bantering; joking
perceive intuitively (by or as if by magic); foresee the future; foretell; dowse; ADJ. N. divination
s brawny
muscular; having well-developed muscles
n respite
time for rest; interval of relief; delay in punishment; reprieve
picture writing; ADJ.
n gargantuan
huge; enormous; gigantic; CF. the hero of Gargantua and Pantagruel
restraint from pleasant things, esp. eating or drinking; CF. abstention: act of abstaining from vote
n gruel
thin liquid porridge
n puerile
childish; immature; CF. puer: boy
n fatalism
belief that events are determined by forces or fates beyond one's control; ADJ. fatalistic; CF. fatal: causing death
n serpentine
winding; twisting; of or like a serpent; Ex. serpentine course of the river; N. serpent: snake
isolation; solitude; V. seclude: set apart from others; isolate
changing its habitat; wandering; Ex. migrant birds/workers; N: one that migrates
s handsome
large in quantity; generous; Ex. handsome reward
staying for a short time; momentary; temporary; N: one that is transient
justified; authorized
n pert
(esp. of a girl or young woman) impertinent; forward; trim; jaunty; Ex. pert young miss/hat
s compulsory
obligatory; that must be done
empty; lacking
n effervescence
inner excitement or exuberance; showing high spirits; emitting bubbles forming inside; bubbling from fermentation or carbonation; ADJ. effervescent; V. effervesce
s shove
push forward; push roughly; Ex. pushing and shoving to get on the bus; N.
n hubbub
confused uproar; loud noise; din
n insensate
without feeling; lacking sense; foolish
s vigil
keeping watch (during normal sleeping hours); Ex. all-night vigil
n stockade
wooden enclosure or pen; fixed line of posts used as defensive barrier
twistings; distortions; V. contort: twist violently out of shape; CF. contortionist
(of a condition) wretched; as low as possible; lacking pride; very humble; showing lack of self-respect; Ex. abject apology
s provision
act of providing; something provided; preparatory measure; provisions: necessary supplies (esp. food); stipulation; condition in an agreement; Ex. According to the provisions of the agreement
n rave
overwhelmingly favorable review; V: talk wildly as if mad; Ex. raving lunatic
one who is skeptical of the existence or knowability of a god or any ultimate reality
recover; return to health; regain; Ex. recuperate losses
s exact
demand and obtain by force; Ex. exact a promise from him; N. exaction
n venue
location; place (of a crime, trial, gathering, etc.); CF. come
greed (for wealth); CF. cupid; CF. Cupid
n distrait
absentminded; distracted
hanging down from something; pending; N: ornament (hanging from a necklace etc.)
n behoove(behove)
be suited to; be incumbent upon; be right and necessary; Ex. It behooves one to do.
n striated
marked with parallel bands; striped; grooved; Ex. striated rocks; V. striate; N. stria: thin groove or line
drink in
trivial; unimportant
n trinket
knickknack; bauble; cheap jewelry
s lot
object used in making a determination at random; fate; piece of land
s intolerant
not willing to accept ways of thinking different from one's own; CF. tolerant; CF. tolerate
restrain; prohibit; retard or prevent; N. inhibition
pertaining to land or its cultivation; Ex. agrarian reform
n doff
take off; OP. don
s bump
hit or knock against with force; N.
s whine
complain (in a sad voice); make a high sad sound (as in pain or supplication)
persuade not to do; discourage; N. dissuasion
s notch
V-shaped cut in a surface; V.
s militia
army composed of ordinary citizens rather than professional soldiers
n tantamount
equivalent in effect or value; Ex. This invasion is tantamount to a declaration of war; CF. amount
seeker after position or status
n solder
repair or make whole by using a metal alloy; N: metal alloy (usually tin and lead) used in the molten state to join metallic parts
choosing at random; confused; not based on careful distinctions
n transport
strong emotion; rapture; Ex. in a transport/transports of; V: move to strong emotion; enrapture
n turmoil
extreme confusion; great commotion and confusion; Ex. throw the country into turmoil
link as in a chain
n lassitude
languor; weariness; listlessness
something hinted at or suggested; implying; implicating
n betroth
become engaged to marry
complete; V.
violent; hasty; rash; impulsive; without careful thought; Ex. impetuous decision
mak less severe; ease or lessen (pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger)
continued loud noise; V: make a din; instill by wearying repetition
ill-humored; irritable
n hue_and_cry
outcry; loud cry or clamor; strong protest; Ex. hue and cry against the new rule
sociable; (of an animal) tending to form a group
n mentor
counselor; teacher
n dismantle
take apart; disassemble
n bilious
suffering from indigestion; sick from having too much bile; irritable; easily irritated
generosity; ADJ. magnanimous: generous
s rou\'e
lecherous man
name (of a book, film, etc.); mark of rank; formal appellation as of rank or office (such as Lord or General); right or claim to possession; championship; Ex. title as head of the family; Ex. title to the estate
fairness; justice; OP. inequity
conceivably true; having a show of truth but open to doubt; specious
restrain; handcuff; N.
come or bring together; call up or summon (forces, vital powers, etc.); revive or recuperate (after illness or difficulty); N: act of rallying; mass gathering
n postulate
self-evident truth; something assumed without proof; V: assume the truth of (as a basis of an argument)
n sequester
isolate; segregate; seclude; retire from public life
s chant
tune(melody) in which a number of words are sung on the same note; V: sing (a chant); utter (a slogan) in the manner of a chant
colored band produced when a beam of light passes through a prism; broad and continuous range; Ex. whole spectrum of modern thoughts
n dinghy
small boat (often ship's boat)
perceptiveness; ingenuity; delicacy; ADJ. subtle: delicate; so slight as to be difficult to detect; able to make fine distinctions; clever; Ex. subtle mind/differences in meaning
s cunning
clever in deceiving; sly; N: cleverness in deceiving; deceit
s lance
pierce with a lance; cut into; N: spearlike weapon
effulgent; brilliant; brightly shining; gleaming; Ex. refulgent moon
intention; purpose; meaning; V: claim; profess; Ex. order which purports to be signed by the general
n secrete
conceal; hide away or cache; produce and release a substance into an organism; CF. secretive
n frenzied
madly excited; N. frenzy: violent wild excitement
s sway
swing from side to side; influence (someone) to change one's opinion; N.
n ceremonious
marked by formality; extremely formal and polite; CF. ceremony: conventional social courtesy
n torque
twisting force; force producing rotation
n magnate
person of prominence or influence; powerful or influential person (in business or industry); Ex. oil magnate
n foment
stir up; incite; instigate; promote the growth of (something evil or unpleasant)
s jug
pitcher; container for holding liquids
traditional; (of someone) conservative in belief; adhering to an established doctrine
pertaining to country people; unsophisticated; simple; crude; uncouth; (of furniture) rough with the bark left on; N. rural person; rustic person
n leery
(of someone) suspicious; wary; cautious
n enterprising
full of initiative; showing enterprise
n unsullied
untarnished; CF. sully
s inhibited
(of a person) unable to express what one really feels
eating both plant and animal food; devouring everything
list of works of music, drama, etc., a performer is prepared to present; CF. repertory
agree; coincide; happen at the same time
restraint; compulsion; repression of feelings; reticence; V. constrain: hold back; restrain; compel; oblige; confine forcibly; imprison
n supererogatory
superfluous; more than needed or demanded
weaken (esp. through heat, hunger, illness); enfeeble
freedom from punishment or harm; CF. punish
s prize
pry; move with a lever; value highly; esteem; Ex. his most prized possession; N: something captured during war-time (esp. an enemy ship)
n cuisine
style of cooking; Ex. French cuisine
lazy; slow; inactive; lethargic; CF. slug: nail with no shell
n wheedle
deceive, persuade, or obtain by flattery; cajole; coax; Ex. wheedle a promise out of her
fantastic; violently contrasting; noticeably odd; strikingly unconventional
n forensic
suitable to debate or courts of law; of or used in legal proceedings and the tracking of criminals; Ex. forensic science/medicine
firmly established by nature or habit; intrinsic
mentally quick and observant; having insight; perceptive; able to make good judgments; V. discern: perceive
n filing
particle removed by a file
n daub
smear (as with paint); cover with something sticky; Ex. daub one's clothes with mud/paint; N: small bit of sticky substance; Ex. a daub of paint
outsmart; defeat by behaving more cleverly
n quixotic
idealistic but impractical; CF. Don Quixote
lying below; fundamental
join; unite; OP. uncouple
n physiognomy
face (as showing the character and the mind); art of judging human character from facial features
sameness; monotony; ADJ. uniform: the same all over
n patrician
noble; aristocratic; N: person of high rank; aristocrat; CF. member of the governing classes in ancient Rome; CF. plebian
n suavity
urbanity; polish; ADJ. suave: smooth and courteous
flattery; admiration that is more than is necessary or deserved
n posterity
descendants; future generations; Ex. go down to posterity; CF. posterior, anterior
n victuals
food; provisions; V. victual: provide with food
countercharges; V. recriminate
s germ
earliest form of an organism; seed or bud; something that may develop into something larger or more important; microbe
n protocol
diplomatic etiquette; ceremony and etiquette observed by diplomats; first copy of a treaty before its ratification; Ex. Protocol demands that the queen meet him at the airport.
n bleak
cold or cheerless; frigid; unlikely to be favorable; depressing
n askance
with a sideways or indirect look (with disapproval or distruct); Ex. look askance at
state of violent agitation; ADJ. turbulent: violently agitated or disturbed
n eschew
avoid habitually; Ex. eschew alcoholic drinks
n catalyst
agent which brings about a chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged; CF. catalysis
n empathy
ability to identify with another's feelings, ideas, etc.; identification with and understanding of another's feelings; V. empathize; CF. sympathy
n ludicrous
laughable; ridiculous; trifling
n irony
hidden sarcasm or satire; use of words that seem to mean the opposite of what they actually mean; use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning
large volume; book
n fledgling(fledgeling)
inexperienced; N: young bird that has acquired wing feathers and is learning to fly; inexperienced person
n vernacular
living language (as compared to the official language); language spoken in a country or region; natural style; Ex. lapse into the vernacular
n cubicle
small chamber used for sleeping or work
n moribund
dying; at the point of death; CF. death
pertinent; bearing upon(having connection with) the case at hand; appropriate
s reckon
count; calculate; regard as; think; suppose
s fermentation
chemical reaction that splits complex organic compounds; unrest; agitation
n brackish
somewhat saline
s studious
given to diligent study
n scuffle
struggle confusedly; move off in a confused hurry; N. CF. scuffling twins ?
n harrowing
agonizing; distressing; traumatic; V. harrow: break up and level (soil) with a harrow; inflict great distress on; agonize; N: farming machine to break up the earth
n vagary
capricious happening; caprice; whim; CF. wander
explain; interpret; Ex. construe her silence as meaning that she agreed; CF. misconstrue
n herpetologist
one who studies reptiles; CF. herpetology: branch of zoology that deals with reptiles and amphibians
increase; add to
n fell
cruel; (of a disease) deadly
impossible to recover or regain; CF. retrieve
secret recess or vault usually used for burial; underground room (under a church)
of the same kind; uniform in composition throughout
(of someone) having insight; penetrating; astute
n crabbed
sour; bad-tempered; peevish; difficult to read as handwriting
prosper; flourish
s finery
beautiful clothes for a special occasion
n foster
rear; bring up (for a certain period only); encourage; promote the development of (feelings or ideas); Ex. help foster friendly relations; ADJ: giving parental care although not related by blood; Ex. foster parents
state of being self-contradictory; lack of uniformity or steadiness; ADJ. inconsistent: displaying a lack of consistency; erratic; contradictory; incompatible
sudden disastrous downfall or defeat; complete disaster
n ravenous
extremely hungry; voracious
n abut
border upon; adjoin
s marrow
soft fatty tissue that fills most bone cavities and is the source of blood cells
short story of an amusing or interesting event
n actuate
motivate; activate; cause to act
public declaration of principles; statement of policy
n astral
relating to the stars
n duplicity
double-dealing; hypocrisy; being dishonest and deceitful; ADJ. duplicitous
n instigate
start; urge; provoke; incite; Ex. instigate a search/quarrel
s recite
repeat aloud (something learned); describe; Ex. recite his complaints; N. recitation
s penetrate
enter into; pierce; permeate; see through; grasp the inner significance of; understand
n suffuse
spread through or over (with a color or liquid); charge; Ex. A blush suffused her cheeks.
n distant
reserved or aloof; cold in manner; Ex. distant greeting; ADV. distantly
highly gifted child; person with exceptional talents; marvel; wonder
n reek
emit (an unpleasant odor or smoke); give off an unpleasant odor; give out smoke; Ex. reeking chimney; N: unpleasant odor; stench
n exegesis
explanation, especially of biblical(of the bible) passages
n retentive
holding; able to retain things (esp. facts in the mind); having a good memory
s persist
continue in existence; last; continue in a course of action in spite of opposition; Ex. persist in/with something; ADJ. persistent
pertaining to a province; limited in outlook; narrow; unsophisticated
n ultimatum
last demand; last warning; last statement of conditions that must be met; Ex. They have ignored our ultimatum.
condition in which blood lacks red corpuscles; ADJ. anemic
n nepotism
favoritism (to a relative); CF. nephew
ghostly being that sucks the blood of the living
able to be touched; real; concrete; palpable; possible to realize or understand; Ex. tangible proof
related to a school; not practical or directly useful
n ravine
narrow valley with steep sides; gorge; CF. gully, canyon
n meddlesome
interfering; V. meddle: interfere
absolutely necessary; that must be done; critically important; expressing command; Ex. It is imperative that; N: something that must be done
n meretricious
flashy; tawdry; attractive on the surface but of no real value; Ex. metericious argument/jewel; CF. prostitute
warmly friendly; gracious; heartfelt; Ex. cordial welcome
bearlike; pertaining to a bear
being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native; indigenous; N. aborigine
characteristic of an entire class or species; of a genus
active enmity
n recount
narrate or tell (a story); count over again
soothe; make calm or quiet; subdue; bring peace to
s grouch
bad-tempered complaint; person who keeps complaining; V: complain; grumble
n moodiness
fits of depression or gloom; ADJ. moody: given to changeable moods; subject to periods of depression; gloomy CF. mood: state of mind or emotion
s pretension
pretentiousness; claim (without foundation); Ex. I make no pretensions to skill as an artist.
trite remark; commonplace statement; ADJ. platitudinous
s charm
quality of pleasing; amulet; action or formula thought to have magical power; spell; V: attract; cast a spell on; bewitch
n jocund
heat; passion; zeal; ADJ. ardent
n egress
exit; opening for going out; act of going out; OP. ingress
n sluice
artificial channel for directing or controlling the flow of water (with a gate to regulate the flow)
not natural; artificial; resulting from synthesis; Ex. synthetic fiber; N.
n flag
droop; grow feeble; decline in vigor or strength; ADJ. flagging; CF. unflagging
n indubitable
unable to be doubted; which cannot be doubted; unquestionable
n gnarled
n subaltern
s pose
assume a particular posture; put forward; present; affect a particular attitude (to impress others); Ex. pose a threat; N.
s puzzle
baffle or confuse by a difficult problem; ponder over a problem in an effort to solve; clarify or solve by reasoning; Ex. puzzle out the answer; N.
n facade(fa\c{c}ade)
front or face (of building); superficial or false appearance
s dishonor
disgrace; N. ADJ. dishonorable
n knit
contract into wrinkles; grow together; join together closely; make (a fabric or garment) by interwining yarn or thread; Ex. knit the brow; Ex. The bones should knit together in a few weeks.
deep-rooted; habitual; CF. grow old
s clip
cut off with shears; fasten; N: something clipped off (as a short extract from film); clasp or fastener
grow well; prosper; make sweeping gestures; wave; brandish; Ex. The trees flourished in the sun. N: showy movement or gesture; embellishment or ornamentation (esp. in handwriting)
having importance; pertinent; referring to the case in hand; N. relevance, relevancy
n savory
pleasant in taste; tasty; pleasing, attractive, or agreeable; Ex. savory reputation
transient; impermanent; fleeting; N. transitoriness
end; V. terminate
trying to please; obliging; willing to please others
n frieze
ornamental horizontal band on a wall
s prop
support placed under or against something; V.
confirm; support; strengthen
become worse in quality; deteriorate; ADJ: having become worse; Ex. a degenerate species; N: depraved or corrupt person
make necessary; require; necessitate; involve; limit the inheritance of (property) to a specified succession of heirs; Ex. entail A on/upon B
n salubrious
healthful; conducive to health or well-being; socially desirable; Ex. salubrious area; CF. health
drive away; disgust; Ex. repel the attack/moisture; Ex. repelled by the dirty room; CF. repulsion
n fulminate
thunder; explode; issue a severe denunciation
n irate
angry; CF. ire: anger; wrath
compose on the spur of the moment
n ostracize
banish from a group; exclude from public favor; ban; Ex. His friends ostracized him. N. ostracism
n peremptory
demanding and leaving no choice; imperative; Ex. peremptory decree/knock
middle class; selfishly materialistic; too interested in material possessions
n gazette
official periodical publication; newspaper
length of time something lasts
easily approachable; easy to talk to; warmly friendly
serious speech, writing, or conversation; formal discussion (either written or spoken); conversation; V.
n awry
distorted; crooked; bent; Ex. Our plans have gone awry.
n buttress
support; prop up; N. stationary structure to support wall; Ex. flying buttress
n luminous
shining (esp. in the dark); issuing light; Ex. luminous paint/road signs
n acidulous
slightly sour (in taste or manner); sharp; caustic
s pilfer
steal things of small value; filch; snitch
lacking in spirit or energy; languid
obligatory; compulsory; of a mandate
s mar
spoil the appearance of
concise; abrupt; pithy
n lithe
flexible; supple; CF. limber
helpful; useful; advantageous
able to see differences; discerning; prejudiced; N. discrimination
s snip
short quick cut with scissors; V: cut with scissors
done routinely and with little care; superficial; not thorough; lacking interest, care, or enthusiasm; Ex. perfunctory kiss
n inebriated
habitually intoxicated; drunk; N. inebriety
outmoded; no longer used
n modulate
tone down in intensity; change the intensity or tone of; regulate; change from one musical key to another; Ex. modulate from E to G
remedy to counteract a poison or disease; Ex. antidote to the economic troubles
n bacchanalian
n niggardly
meanly stingy; parsimonious; N. *****rd: stingy person
obligatory; imposed as an obligation; currently holding an office; N: person who holds an office
n deleterious
suggested or implied meaning of an expression; V. connote
pertaining to soil deposits left by running water
n acrimonious
stinging; caustic; bitter in words or manner; N. acrimony: bitter ill-natured animosity in speech or behavior
n equivocate
use equivocal language to deceive people; lie; mislead; attempt to conceal the truth; N. equivocation
record of descent; lineage; ancestry; study of ancestry
s scraps
leftover food
n wallow
roll in mud; indulge in; (of a ship) roll in a rough sea; become helpless; Ex. wallow in the mud/luxury
s abode
dwelling place; home
attach; add to a large thing; take possession of; incorporate (territory) into a larger existing political unit (by force); N: building added to a large one
n bouillon
clear beef (or meat) soup
unfriendliness; hatred; enmity; ADJ. hostile
s noose
loop formed in a rope
moderation (especially regarding indulgence in alcohol); seriousness
feeling of kinship; similarity; Ex. strong affinity for her; Ex. many affinities between two languages
(particular form of) political organization; form of government of nation or state; Ex. student polity
tropical hurricane or cyclone
s wring
twist (to extract liquid); extract by twisting; wrench painfully (necks or hands)
existing at birth
mercy killing
movable; not fixed; N. mobility
n excoriate
scold with biting harshness; censure strongly; strip the skin off
s porridge
soft food made by boiling oatmeal
s jurisdiction
right and power to apply the law; authority
n mellifluous
(of words or a voice) sweetly or smoothly flowing; melodious; having a pleasant tune
n obnoxious
offensive; disagreeable; Ex. obnoxious smell
n cede
yield (title or territory) to (esp. after losing a war); surrender formally; N. cession
n tryst
meeting arranged by lovers; arrangement between lovers to meet
regret; express sorrow and severe disapproval for something bad; Ex. deplore their violent behavior; ADJ. deplorable: very bad; deserving severe disapproval; Ex. deplorable living condition
n imbue
saturate(soak thoroughly); fill; Ex. imbue someone with feelings
introduction; introductory performance or event; forerunner
n sepulcher
tomb; V: place in a sepulcher; ADJ. sepulchral
n verisimilitude
appearance of truth; quality of appearing to be true or real; likelihood; Ex. verisimilitude of her performance as Lady Macbeth
n arroyo
gully; narrow channel formed by rainwater
having to do with knowing or perceiving related to the mental processes; N. cognition: the mental process of knowing
n habituate
accustom or familiarize; addict
n vindictive
disposed to revenge; vengeful; out for revenge; spiteful; intended to cause harm; malicious; Ex. vindictive streak
n tertiary
third in order or rank
s pronounced
distinct; very noticeable; Ex. pronounced limp
n commemorative
remembering; honoring the memory of; Ex. commemorative stamp
defamation; utterance of false and malicious statements; V. ADJ. slanderous
n fret
be annoyed or vexed; Ex. fret over your poor grades; N: irritation of mind; ADJ. fretful
providing a general overview; summary; N. synopsis
detest; hate
n dormer
window projecting upright from roof; CF. sleeping room
hasten; make go faster
s blunt
having a dull edge; abrupt and frank in speech or manner; brusque; V: make or become blunt
n cadence
rhythmic rise and fall (of words or sounds); beat; regular beat of sound; rhythm
n slough
(of a snake) shed or cast off (dead outer skin); N: outer layer that is shed
n brazen
insolent; without shame; bold; Ex. brazen lie; V: face with bold self-assurance or with unshamed confidence
change; something newly introduced; introduction of something new; V. innovate: begin or introduce (something new); be creative; ADJ. innovative
s oath
solemn promise; blasphemous use of sacred words to express strong feelings; swear-word; Ex. ``For Christ's sake''
n dogged
determined; stubborn; stubbornly persevering; tenacious; Ex. Inspector Javert's dogged pursuit of Jean Valjean
very important; N. moment; CF. momentary
that which accompanies; Ex. Deafnes is a frequent concommitant of old age; ADJ: existing or happening together with something else
vertebrate animal whose female suckles its young
n eon(aeon)
long period of time; an age; longest division of geologic time containing two or more eras
universally present; ubiquitous
n uproarious
marked by commotion or uproar; very noisy (esp. with laughter); hilarious; causing loud laughter; extremely funny
n edify
instruct; correct morally
n headstrong
willful; stubborn; unyielding; determined to have one's own way; CF. no 'excessive'
s furrow
long shallow trench made by a plow; deep wrinkle in the skin; V.
show by example; furnish an example; serve as an example of; Ex. His pictures exemplify that sort of painting.
enclosure for birds; large cage
blunt; not sharp; stupid; slow in understanding
n personable
attractive (in personality or appearance)
short-lived; fleeting
n isthmus
narrow neck of land connecting two larger bodies of land
s seasonable
occurring at the proper time or season; opportune; Ex. seasonable intervention in the dispute
assign; set apart for a particular purpose
s pinch
squeeze between the thumb and a finger, or other edges; Ex. I had to pinch myself to make sure I wasn't dreaming. N: amount that can be held between the thumb and a finger
n acme
peak; pinnacle; highest point
n flail
beat with or as if with a flail; move wildly; thresh grain by hand; strike or slap; toss about; N: threshing tool consisting of a stick swinging from the end of a long handle
written statement made under oath (for use as proof in a court of law)
n humility
humbleness of spirit
bury; N. interment
lack of proper respect or reverence; ADJ. irreverent
s rustle
make slight sounds like silk moving or being rubbed together
n acrid
bitter (to the taste or smell); sharp; bitterly pungent
right or privilege granted by authority; right to vote; license to sell a product in a particular territory
humoring; yielding; lenient; showing indulgence
n arrhythmic
lacking rhythm or regularity; N. arrhythmia
n tantalize
tease; excite by exposing something desirable while keeping it out of reach; torture with disappointment; CF. Tantalus: Greek mythological figure
s bacchanal
noisy party with a lot of drinking
n lackluster
lacking luster(shine; gloss); dull
moving with a wavelike motion; V. undulate; CF. und: wave
s deport
send out of the country; behave; N. deportation, deportment
practical; able to be carried out; practicable
fill up again
calamity ; disaster
n discursive
(of a person or writing) digressing; rambling (without any clear plan)
teacher of philosophy; quibbler; employer of fallacious reasoning; N. sophism: plausible but fallacious argument
loss of speech due to injury or illness
thwart; defeat; prevent from accomplishing a purpose
n cordon
extended line of men or fortifications to prevent access or egress; (¾î±ú¿¡¼ °Üµå¶û ¹ØÀ¸·Î °ÉÄ¡´Â) Àå½Ä ¸®º»; V.
urge on; drive with a goad; cause (someone) to do something by continued annoyance; Ex. They goaded him into doing it by saying he was a coward; N: sharp-pointed stick for driving cattle; stimulus; CF. annoy continually
n slur
pronounce indistinctly; speak indistinctly; mumble
s bewitch
cast a spell over; captivate completely
n nether
lower; Ex. nether garments/regions
s career
rush wildly; go at full speed
disclaim or disavow; retract a previous statement; openly confess error; Ex. recant one's faith/a statement
done or active at night; Ex. nocturnal animals/raids; CF. nocturne
n missive
letter; written statement; CF. sent
n rebuff
reject bluntly; snub; beat back; Ex. She rebuffed his invitation; N.
n sinuous
twisting; winding; bending in and out; not morally honest
hackneyed; commonplace
n elaboration
addition of details; intricacy
summit; highest point; PL. vertices
n mercantile
concerning trade or merchants
wandering; V. migrate: move from one region and settle in another; move periodically from one region to another
disconnected; lacking coherence; V. disjoint: disconnect; disjoin
element; ingredient
restate a passage in one's own words while retaining thought of author; N: restatement of a text in other words
n patina
green crust on old bronze works or copper; tone slowly taken by varnished painting
union; coalition; V. fuse
n boorish
rude; insensitive
s nauseous
causing nausea; feeling nausea
n reparation
compensation (for loss or wrong); amends; Ex. make reparation for the damage; CF. repair
n retribution
deserved punishment for wrongdoing; punishment for offenses; compensation; vengeance; CF. pay back
not planned; impromptu; extempore
n modish
fashionable; conforming to the current fashion
efficiency or conciseness in using something; thrifty management of resources
s glamor
compelling charm; ADJ. glamorous
n besmirch
soil; defile; make dirty
tendency to disbelief
denying the existence of God; N. atheism
n sleeper
one that achieves unexpected success; something originally of little value or importance that in time becomes very valuable
n figurine
small ornamental statuette(very small statue)
capable of being repaired
elliptic; oval; of an ellipse; containing an ellipsis; ambiguous either purposely or because key words have been left out
opponent; enemy
cancel; put an end to
s dribble
flow or fall in drops; let saliva flow out slowly from the mouth; move a ball; N.
s referendum
direct vote by all the people
unsatisfied; not soothed
s botch
mismanage; blow
hiding place; V.
n misnomer
wrong or improper name; incorrect designation
incapable of injury; impossible to damage or injure
n putrid
decayed and foul-smelling; foul; rotten; decayed; N. putridity
n levee
earthen or stone embankment to prevent flooding; CF. raise
marked by kindness or consideration; kind and compassionate; humanitarian
questioner (especially harsh); investigator; person making an inquisition
n asinine
stupid; Ex. asinine remarks
of a theme; relating to a unifying motif or idea
hidden danger; concealed trap
essential; inherent; built-in
period of time
act of extreme violence or viciousness; resentful anger; V: commit an outrage on; produce anger in; ADJ. outrageous: offensive
s overture
musical introduction to a long musical piece; first offer or proposal (to begin talks in the hope of reaching an agreement); Ex. overtures for peace
scarcity; dearth
unrepressed; free in behavior and feelings
free from an entanglement or difficulty; disentangle
behavior; bearing
charming; attractive
s smart
intelligent; quick and energetic; fashionable; Ex. smart pace/restaurant; V: cause or feel a sharp pain; N: smarting pain
self-evident truth requiring no proof
n obituary
death notice (esp. in a newspaper); ADJ.
s tenant
one that pays rent to use property owned by another
assertion; claim; thesis; struggling; competition
n veritable
being truly so; real or genuine; actual; not false or imaginary
periodic; on and off; stopping and starting at intervals
n courier
s fleet
fast; rapid; N. ADJ. fleeting: passing quickly; ephemeral
cause; produce; create
not influenced by emotions; fair; N: goal; aim
prudence; ability to adjust actions to circumstances; freedom of action or judgment; ADJ. discreet; CF. discretionary
s dysentery
inflammatory disorder of the lower intestinal tract
oval building with tiers of seats; CF. arena
s convulsion
violent uncontrollable shaking movement (caused by illness); V. convulse; ADJ. convulsive
correspondence of parts; harmonious relationship; CF. congruity
n dwindle
shrink; reduce gradually
n exuberance
overflowing abundance; joyful enthusiasm; flamboyance; lavishness; ADJ. exuberant: high-spirited and lively; growing abundantly and strongly
n vicissitude
change (esp. from good to bad); change of fortune; CF. the last emperor of China
relating to the highest point; N. climax; CF. climatic
n rotundity
roundness; sonorousness of speech
n knotty
intricate; difficult; tangled; CF. knot
n niggle
spend too much time on minor points (esp. when finding fault); find fault; Ex. niggle over details; ADJ. niggling
s dominant
exercising the most influence; high and easily seen; stronger than the other part of a system; not recessive
begin; originate; receive into a group; introduce to a new field or activity; Ex. initiate someone into the mysteries of a secret religion; N: one who has been initiated
slavishly attentive; servile; full of servile compliance; sycophantic
deceiving; based on illusion; causing illusion; deceptive
plead; ask earnestly
undeveloped; rudimentary; N. embryo: organism in the early stage of development
s char
make or become black by burning; reduce or be reduced to carbon or charcoal(black substance made by burning wood) by incomplete combustion
n hoard
stockpile; accumulate for future use; N: supply stored for future use
n potable
suitable for drinking; drinkable
n minion
servile dependent; obsequious follower
n sordid
filthy; foul; base; vile; Ex. sordid bed/story
s cremate
incinerate (a corpse); N. crematory, crematorium
a set of bells (often in a tower) capable of being played
n mawkish
mushy(sentimental) and gushy; icky-sticky sentimental; excessively and objectionably sentimental
s dominate
control; rule; enjoy a commanding position in; overlook from a height; ³»·Á´Ùº¸´Ù
n sheathe
place into a case; insert into or provide with a sheath; Ex. He sheathed his dagger; N. sheath: case for a blade
s stun
make unconscious or numb as by a blow; amaze; astound
n eminent
rising above others; high; lofty; distinguished; Ex. eminent position
n ineluctable
irresistible; not to be escaped; unavoidable
absorb; take (food) into the body and digest it; understand (knowledge) completely and be able to use properly; cause to become homogeneous (the people of a country or race in the wasy of behaving or thinking)
n fallow
(of land) plowed but not sowed (to improve the quality); uncultivated
n inveigh
denounce; utter censure or invective; Ex. inveigh against the evils of drink
testify; bear witness
n placebo
harmless substance prescribed as a dummy pill
conspiring in a fraudulent scheme to cheat or deceive others; V. collude
n clangor
loud resounding noise; sound of repeated clanging
n bludgeon
club; heavy-headed weapon; V.
n agglomeration
collection; heap; V. agglomerate: gather into a rounded mass; N. aggolmeate: jumbled mass; heap
spread throughout; V. pervade: (of smells, ideas, feelings) spread throughout; charge; permeate
foreshadow; portend
please; satisfy; Ex. gratify a desire
n oblivious
inattentive or unmindful; unaware; wholly absorbed; forgetful(having the habit of forgetting)
n vulpine
like a fox; crafty
n tortuous
winding; full of curves; Ex. tortuous mountain road
n browse
graze; feed on growing grass; skim or glance at casually
businessperson (who assumes the risk of a business venture); contractor; ADJ. entrepreneurial
abstruse; not easily understood; profound; secret
n plummet
fall sharply; fall straight down; Ex. Stock prices plummeted.
s tramp
walk with a heavy step; travel on foot; N: vagrant; one who travels aimlessly about; long walk; sound of heavy walking
n dappled
state of being parallel; similarity; analogy
n checkered(chequered)
marked by great changes in fortune; with many changes of fortuene; CF. checked: having a pattern of squares
n sherbet
flavored dessert ice
s intermediary
intermediate; acting as a mediator; N: mediator; go-between
n wanderlust
strong longing to travel
n germinal
pertaining to a germ; creative; Ex. germinal idea
n mote
small speck (esp. of dust)
characteristic frame of mind; disposition; emotional excess; ADJ. temperamental: of temperament; having frequent changes of temper; Ex. temperamental dislike of sports; Ex. temperamental actress
picture made of small colorful inlaid tiles; ADJ.
act or state of separation; disunity; CF. disjunctive: expressing a choice between two ideas; CF. conjunction; CF. conjunctive
s tension
stretching; condition of being stretched; mental strain; strained relationship between groups or people
turn upside down or inside out; reverse the position or condition of
n dowdy
untidy (of a woman or clothes); slovenly; dressed in an unattractive way; shabby; CF. unattractive woman
n parameter
limit; independent variable; Ex. parameters of the problem; Ex. within the parameters of the budget
n vainglorious
boastful; excessively conceited; N. vainglory: great vanity
make void
based on assumptions or hypotheses; supposed; N. hypothesis
soak thoroughly; imbue; impregnate; charge; fill to capacity
highest point; climax; V. culminate in: reach the highest point in; end in; Ex. a series of minor clashes culminating in war
calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics
n solace
comfort in sorrow or trouble; consolation; V: comfort or console in time of sorrow or trouble
n sibylline
prophetic; oracular; N. sibyl: woman prophet (in the ancient world)
n inkling
hint; slight indication
s permissive
allowing much freedom; lenient; Ex. permissive society
s monogram
design composed of one or more initials of a name; V.
not able to be erased
n lumen
unit of light energy (one candle's worth)
n retroactive
taking effect before its enactment (as a law) or imposition (as a tax); (of a law) having effect on the past as well as the future
s commemorate
honor the memory of; serve as a memorial to; Ex. commemorate the 100th anniversary/those who died in the war
n halcyon
calm; peaceful; Ex. halcyon days
substance which propels or drives forward (such as an explosive charge or a rocket fuel)
producing offspring or fruit in abundance; fertile; fecund; abundantly fruitful; producing abundant works; Ex. prolific writer
n apprehensive
fearful; discerning
slander; disgrace; infamy
pertaining to conversational or common speech; informal; N. colloquialism: colloquial expression
disturb greatly
difficult condition; condition or state (esp. a bad state or condition); predicament
forewarning; presentiment; foreboding
n multifarious
varied; greatly diversified; Ex. multifarious activities
n salutary
tending to improve; beneficial; wholesome; Ex. The punishment had a salutary effect on the boy; CF. health
n tribunal
court of justice
n advert
n blighted
suffering from a disease; destroyed
in name only; of a name; trifling; (of a sum of money) very small; CF. nominate: propose as a candidate; appoint
operatic solo; a song sung by one person in an opera or oratorio
n smattering
slight knowledge; small scattered number or amount; Ex. smattering of German
n circumspect
prudent; cautious; acting after careful thought
n dire
warning of disaster; disastrous; (of needs and dangers) very great; urgent; Ex. dire prediction/need of food
n discombobulated
discomposed; confused
irritation; resentment from wounded pride (eg. loss in a contest); V: provoke; arouse; annoy; cause to feel resentment; Ex. pique her curiosity
n disclaim
disown; renounce claim to; deny; CF. disclaimer
defamatory written statement; act of writing something that smears a person's character; V. ADJ. libelous
unoriginal; obtained from another source; Ex. derivative prose style; N.
n gourmet
connoisseur of food and drink; epicure
degrade; reduce in quality or value; degenerate; lower in esteem; disgrace; N. debasement
disgrace; humiliate; debase in dignity; behave
chief; first; Ex. archbishop
tending to include all; all-inclusive; Ex. inclusive charge
loyalty; accuracy
comparison of one thing with another, using the word like or as
trivial; unimportant; very small; small-minded; petty-minded
approve; ratify; N: permission; penalty intended to enforce compliance
s scorch
sear; N.
s fake
not genuine; N: one that is not genuine; impostor; sham; V: counterfeit; Ex. fake the results of the experiment/the signature
pertaining to language
overwhelming; unbeatable; insuperable
n variegated
(esp. of a flower or leaf) many-colored
s primal
first in rank or importance; being first in time; original; Ex. man's primal innocence
n poseur
person who pretends to be sophisticated, elegant, etc., to impress others; person who poses; CF. pose
s jaundice
medical condition in which the skin, the white part of the eyes, etc. turn yellow; V: affect with jaundice; affect with prejudice, envy, or hostility; bias
n scintilla
trace; minute amount; shred; least bit; Ex. There is not a scintilla of truth; CF. spark
taking for one's own use in violation of trust; stealing (of money placed in one's care)
layer of earth's surface; layer of society; PL. strata
s favoritism
display of partiality toward a favored person
making up for; repaying
n assay
analyze (to discover what materials are present); evaluate (soil or ore)
n venison
meat of a deer; CF. cow: beef; CF. pig: pork, ham, bacon; CF. calf: veal; CF. sheep: mutton; CF. lamb: lamb
annoy by repeated attacks
n bland
soothing or mild (food); agreeable; causing no trouble or offence
s grim
causing great fear; unrelenting; determined in spite of fear; Ex. grim smile
n plait
braid; interwine; interweave strands or lengths of; make by weaving strands together; Ex. plaited hair; N: braided length as of hair o fabric; CF. pigtail, ponytail
n ratiocination
reasoning; act of drawing conclusions from premises; V. ratiocinate: reason logically
easily understood; clear; intelligible; N. lucidity
intimidate; frighten; discourage; dishearten
unshakably calm; placid
n verve
enthusiasm (as in artistic performance or composition); liveliness; vigor
n opprobrium
infamy; disgrace arising from shameful conduct; vilification(slander); scorn; contempt; Ex. opprobrium hurled against him; ADJ. opprobrious: expressing contempt; shameful or infamous
n application
diligent attention; diligence; V. apply oneself
n quarry
person or animal of pursuit; victim; object of a hunt; prey
n satyr
half-human, half-bestial being in the court of Dionysus (resembling a goat), portrayed as wanton(unrestrained) and cunning; lecher; CF. faun; CF. goat: lecherous man
n mendacious
lying; habitually dishonest; N. mendacity
thousand-year period (as in the New Testament); hoped-for period of happiness and prosperity
repay; pay back
n preempt
prevent in advance; head off(forestall); forestall by acting first; appropriate for oneself before others; supplant; take the place of; displace; Ex. preempt any attempts; ADJ. preemptive
s wiggle
wriggle; move from side to side with irregular twisting motions
n maculated
spotted; stained; CF. immaculate
n confound
confuse; puzzle
not easily satisfied; unquenchable; Ex. insatiable appetite
n phylum
major classification, second to kingdom, of plants and animals; category ranking below a kingdom and above a class; division
treacherous plot; secret plan against the law (by two or more people)
imperceptible(not easily understood); intangible; OP. palpable: tangible; easily perceptible
stinging; acrid; sharp in taste or smell; (of speech or writing) caustic; N. pungency
force into less space; squeeze; contract; put into fewer words; N: thick mass of cloth pressed to part of the body to stop bleeding or swelling, reduce fever, etc.
n intimate
hint; suggest; imply; ADJ: marked by close relationship; familiar; private; personal; Ex. intimate knowledge/thoughts in the diary; N: close friend or confidant; CF. intimacy
n skimp
provide or use scantily; live very economically; Ex. skimp on necessities; ADJ. skimpy: inadequate in amount; scanty; stingy; niggardly
n symbiosis
interdependent relationship (between groups, species) often mutually beneficial; ADJ. symbiotic; CF. together + life
arrangement by rank or standing; authoritarian body divided into ranks; body of persons having authority
s natal
connected with birth; CF. prenatal; CF. postnatal
n alcove
nook; recess
n lurid
wild; sensational; graphic; gruesome; horrible; Ex. lurid details of the murder
radiating; departing from the center
belief on slight evidence; gullibility; naivet\'e; ADJ. credulous
s tact
skill or sensitivity in dealing with people without causing offence
something apparently contradictory in nature (that may nonetheless be true); statement that looks false but is actually correct
dwarf; underground spirit who guards treasure hoards
s decree
authoritative order; edict; judgment of a court of law; V: order or judge by decree
n extradition
surrender of prisoner by one state to another; Ex. extradition treaty; V. extradite
n reprobate
morally disapproved person; person hardened in sin, devoid of a sense of decency; CF. disapproved by God ?
outer boundary; length of the outer boundary; circumference
n rotunda
circular building or hall covered with a dome
n filial
pertaining to or befitting a son or daughter; Ex. filial respect
inharmonious; N. incompatibility
fleet of warships
s uninhibited
having no inhibitions; free in behavior and feelings
s institution
instituting; (building for the) organization; established custom, practice, or relationship in a society; mental hospital; Ex. institution of marriage
insightful; showing a good ability at perceiving and understanding; aware; wise; of perception
n libretto
text of an opera or oratorio; CF. book
n amulet
charm; talisman; an object worn believed to protect against evil, bad luck
n peripatetic
walking about from place to place (to work); moving; Ex. peripatetic school of philosophy
old age; feeblemindedness of old age; ADJ. senile: resulting from old age; showing the weakness of body or mind from old age; Ex. senile dementia
n felicity
happiness; appropriateness (of a remark, choice, etc.); quality of being felicitous
capture; enslave; captivate; hold the complete attention of (as if magic); hold spellbound
soothing or softening remedy (for the skin); ADJ.
get one's bearings; adjust; make familiar with a situation; orientate
egg-shaped; CF. ovum; CF. ovulate
overregulated administrative system marked by red tape; ADJ. bureaucratic
state of being alone; seclusion; ADJ. solitary: existing or living alone (esp. by choice); remote or secluded; single; sole; Ex. solitary life/inn; Ex. no solitary piece of proof
fear of heights
decode; CF. indecipherable
like a glacier; of an ice age; extremely cold; Ex. glacial epoch; CF. iceberg
come together; assemble; call to meet; Ex. convene the council
lure or bait; V.
below the threshold of conscious perception; Ex. subliminal advertisement
n caste
one of the hereditary classes in Hindu society; social stratification; prestige
pertaining to marriage
n douse
plunge into water or liquid; dip; immerse; drench; wet throughly; extinguish; throw water over; dowse
weightless; that cannot undergo precise evaluation; CF. pound
move the fingers and hands awkwardly (in search of something); mishandle or drop a ball that is in play; bungle; botch; spoil by mishandling; N.
s suspense
state of being undecided; anxiety or apprehension resulting from uncertainty
n canto
division of a long poem
speed; rapidity
n ashen
ash-colored; deadly pale
pretending to be virtuous; deceiving; N. hypocrisy: profession of beliefs one does not possess; CF. hypocrite
n bowdlerize
expurgate; CF. Thomas Bowdler
n pulsate
throb; beat regularly; vibrate regularly
n bestial
beastlike; brutal; inhuman; very cruel
n abscission
cutting off; separation
without money
scanty; inadequate
boastful; pompous
n ineffable
unutterable; not to be uttered; taboo; that cannot be expressed in speech; indescribable; unspeakable; inexpressible; Ex. ineffable name/joy
physician specializing in children's diseases; N. pediatrics
n sate
satisfy to the full; satisfy to excess; cloy
changeable (in affections or friendship); faithless
n dissemble
disguise; hide the real nature of; pretend
calm; pacify
s polar
of a pole; characterized by opposite extremes; Ex. polar opposites
unprejudiced; free from bias and self-interest; objective
n tawdry
cheap and gaudy; Ex. tawdry jewelry
n nebulous
vague; hazy; cloudy; of a nebula; Ex. nebulous proposal
prohibit; forbid; N.
n vacuous
empty; lacking in ideas; inane; stupid; Ex. vacuous expression; N. vacuity
implying a cause-and-effect relationship; N. causality
n abash
n inveigle
deceive; lead astray by deception; wheedle(cajole); Ex. inveigle her into joining the club; CF. interest dishonestly
n travesty
copy or example of something that completely misrepresents the true nature of the real thing; comical parody or imitation; treatment aimed at making something appear ridiculous; Ex. travesty of justice; OP. paragon
science of sound; quality that makes a room easy or hard to hear in
s chaplain
clergyman attached to a chapel
not repentant
s rake
immoral or dissolute person
s metrical
metric; written in the form of poetry; Ex. metrical translation of Homer
n behemoth
huge creature; something of monstrous size or power
n calorific
heat-producing; N. calorie
n comity
courtesy; civility; Ex. comity of nations
n aperture
opening; hole; adjustable opening in a camera that limits the amount of light
very small
n balm
something that relieves pain; oily liquid with a pleasant smell from trees
waver; shift; rise and fall as if in waves; change or vary irregularly
n untoward
unexpected and adverse; unfortunate or unlucky; Ex. untoward encounter
s except
exclude; N. exception: objection; exclusion; ADJ. exceptional: unusual; of unusually high quality
n rebus
representation of words in the form of pictures or symbols; puzzle in which pictures or letters stand for words; Ex. ``R U 18'' is a rebus for ``Are you 18''.
exile; someone who has withdrawn from his native land; V: exile; banish; leave one's country
n orgy
wild drunken revelry; unrestrained indulgence in an activity; Ex. orgy of shopping
very cautious; watchful
s memorial
something, such as a monument or holiday, intended to honor the memory of a person or event; ADJ: commemorative
feign; imitate
n compromise
adjust or settle by making mutual concessions; endanger the interests or reputation of; put into danger, disrepute, or a dishonorable position; Ex. compromise one's principle; N.
n miscreant
wretch; wrongdoer; villain; Ex. kindness to the miscreant; CF. believe
s palm
conceal in the palm of the hand; palm off: pass off; Ex. palm off some bad oranges onto the lady/the painting as a real Renoir
n stem
stop or check (the flow of); Ex. stem the bleeding from the slashed artery; N: main axis of a plant; stalk
n grovel
crawl or creep on ground; remain prostrate; behave in a servile manner
petition humbly; pray to grant a favor
n seminary
school for training future ministers; secondary school, especially for young women
n blasphemy
irreverence; sacrilege; cursing; bad language about God or holy things; V. blasphem; ADJ. blasphemous; CF. sacrilege
particular variety of art or literature
similarly timed; simultaneous with; occurring at the same time; V. synchronize
n ordain
decree or command; grant holy orders; predestine; install as a minister, priest, or rabbi; N. ordainment; CF. ordination
withdrawal; retreat; time of low economic activity
s scrimmage
disorderly fight between two or more people
ransack; thoroughly search
distinguishable; perceivable; Ex. discernible improvement
n ungainly
(of someone) awkward in movement; clumsy; (of something) unwieldy; Ex. ungainly dancer/instrument
unalterable; irreversible; impossible to revoke
s braid
plait; interweave strands or lengths of; make by weaving strands together; N: braided segment (as of hair)
manlike; resembling a human being; N.
n plaintive
expressing sorrow; mournful; Ex. plaintive song
false testimony while under oath; V. perjure oneself: testify falsely under oath
split; tear apart; N. rent; CF. heartrending: causing deep sorrow
n stygian
unpleasantly dark; gloomy; hellish; deathly; CF. Styx: the chief river in the subterranean land of the dead
n broach
introduce as a subject; moot; open up
s blues
state of depression or melancholy; style of slow, mournful music (evolved from southern Black American songs)
n staccato
played in an abrupt manner; marked by abrupt sharp sound; Ex. staccato applause
s graze
(of an animal) feed on growing grass; cause (an animal) to feed on grass; scrape (esp. the skin) or touch lightly in passing; brush; Ex. We can't graze the cattle till summer; N: surface wound
s brag
lacking energy or vitality; weary; sluggish; listless
something fit to be eaten
related to seed or semen; germinal; creative; providing a basis for further development; influencing future developments; Ex. seminal research in a new field
n pundit
authority on a subject; expert; learned person
unsuccessful; fruitless
s inasmuch_as
since; owing to the fact that
outstanding; superior
weaken gradually; sap; dig a mine beneath
n meander
wind or turn in its course; follow a winding or turning course; move aimlessly and idly
s ego
one's opinion of oneself; self-esteem
s tart
sharp to the taste; acid-tasting; caustic; sarcastic; Ex. tart apple/reply
n asunder
into parts; apart; V. sunder
n comport
bear one's self; behave; Ex. comport oneself; N. comportment
n glower
scowl; glare; look or stare angrily
s gradation
series of gradual stages; degree in such a progression
n coup
highly successful action or sudden attack; coup(s) d'\'etat; CF. coup de gr\^ace: deathblow or shot which kills
n demoniac(demoniacal)
fiendish; cruel; N. demon: evil supernatural being; devil
strategic military or naval movement (done for training purposes); carefully planned process; stratagem; V: carry out a military maneuver; use maneuvers in gaining an end
improperness; unsuitableness
n suborn
persuade to act unlawfully (especially to commit perjury); N. subornation
n vogue
popular fashion; Ex. Jeans became the vogue.
n cow
terrorize; intimidate
unmoved or unconcerned by; having no interest in; mediocre; neither good nor bad
substance that dissolves another; ADJ: capable of dissolving another substance
s tablet
small round piece of medicine; flat piece of stone or metal bearing an inscription; Ex. stone tablet on the wall
lively; spirited
s fashion
give shape to; make; Ex. fashion the pot out of clay
n prod
poke (with a pointed object); stir up; urge; goad to action; N: pointed object used to prod; prodding
n regiment
military unit; V: subject to strict order; Ex. regimented society
superintendent; manager (in charge of a museum or a library)
n disgruntle
make discontented
satisfy fully (physical needs such as hunger); sate; N. satiety: condition of being satiated
s transcendental
going beyond common thought or ideas; impossible to understand by practical experiences or practices; known only by studying thoughts or intuition; OP. empirical; CF. transcendentalism
someone who advises insurance companies
uncertain; not clearly fixed; indefinite
n wake
trail of ship or other object through water; path of something that has gone before; Ex. hunger followed in the wake of the war
be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of; ADJ. appreciable: enough to be felt; Ex. appreciable difference
native; Ex. plant indigenous to the New World
of a schema or scheme; relating to an outline or diagram; using a system of symbols; N. schema: diagrammatic representation; outline
severe disapproval; CF. approbation
s thresh
beat (cereal plants) with a machine or flail to separate the grains from the straw
n opus
work (esp. musical composition); Ex. magnum opus: masterpiece; CF. opera
not biased; fair; N. impartiality
n motility
ability to move spontaneously; ADJ. motile: moving spontaneously
n facetious
joking (often inappropriately); unserious; humorous
s shoot
new growth from a plant
n antiquated
obsolete; old-fashioned; outdated
maker and seller of eyeglasses
serving as an aid or accessory; auxiliary; N.
n insipid
lacking in flavor; lacking interest; dull; Ex. insipid food/character
n ape
imitate or mimic (a person's behavior or manner)
drowsy; dull; N. lethargy: state of sluggishness and inactivity
n ramshackle
(of a building or vehicle) poorly constructed; rickety; falling apart
fleeting; vanishing; soon disappearing; V. evanesce
s valediction
saying farewell; expression of leave-taking
n predispose
give an inclination toward (in advance); make susceptible to; Ex. predispose people to certain cancer; N. predisposition
n minuscule(miniscule)
extremely small
keep; maintain possession of; employ (esp. a lawyer or advisor); N. retainer: servant; fee paid to retain an advisor
s reverend
deserving reverence; N: priest
n defray
provide for the payment of; undertake the payment of; pay
notoriously bad; notorious; well known for being bad; Ex. infamous behavior; N: infamy: infamous act; evil fame or reputation
s hurl
throw forcefully; shout out violently
s bully
one who is habitually cruel to weaker people; V.
n blurt
utter impulsively from nervousness or excitement
someone who can make his or her voice seem to come from another person or thing (without moving lips or jaws); N. ventriloquism, ventriloquy
(of something written or painted) still in existence
of the surface; not deep; shallow; not thorough; trivial; Ex. superficial analysis/knowledge
connoisseur of food and drink; gourmet; ADJ. epicurean; CF. Epicurus
n demotic
of or pertaining to the people
n overweening
arrogant; presumptuous
rendering; translation; artistic interpretation of a song, etc
n slovenly
untidy; careless in work habits; slipshod; N. sloven: one who is habitually untidy or careless
s trickle
flow in drops or in a thin stream; N.
n blare
loud or harsh roar or screech; dazzling blaze of light
darken; extinguish; outshine; surpass; cause an eclipse
clever; astute
cutting ironic remark; scornful remarks; stinging rebuke; ADJ. sarcastic
hard unpleasant work; menial work
s fathomless
too deep to be measured or understood; unfathomable
n purchase
secure grasp or hold; firm grasp or footing
s vision
eyesight; foresight; mental image produced by the imagination; experience of seeing the supernatural
n insidious
treacherous; stealthy; sly; working or spreading harmfully in a stealthy manner; Ex. insidious spreading of dry rot
quarrelsome; controversial; likely to cause arguments
n enunciate
announce; proclaim; utter or speak, especially distinctly; pronounce clearly; articulate; Ex. This theory was first enunciated by him.
deliverance from a charge; V. acquit: free from a charge or accusation; discharge from a duty; conduct (oneself) in a specified manner
doctor who treats ailments of the feet; chiropodist; N. podiatrics
n evenhanded
impartial; fair
n glaze
cover with a thin and shiny surface; apply a glaze to; N: thin, smooth, shiny coating (as for pottery); Ex. unglazed pottery
crevice; crack
s bout
match; short period of great activity; Ex. wrestling bout; bout of drinking/flu
s fetish(fetich)
object believed to have spiritual powers; object of excessive attention or reverence; CF. fetishism
having foresight; fortuneteller; N. clairvoyance
s menace
threat; V: threaten
poor; destitute
(in ancient Rome) overseer of morals (also taking the census); person who eliminates inappropriate matter; V.
n turpitude
depravity; baseness; Ex. moral turpitude
wasteful; reckless with money; profuse; Ex. a mind prodigal of ideas; N. prodigality
n spurious
false; counterfeit; forged; illogical; Ex. spurious arguments
n ennui
boredom; listlessness and dissatisfaction resulting from lack of interest; CF. annoy
n potpourri
heterogeneous mixture; medley; mixture of dried flower petals a pot (to give a pleasant smell to a room)
n itinerary
plan of a trip; record of a trip
s clap
strike the palms of the hands together with a sudden explosive sound; come together suddenly with a sharp sound; put or send promptly; Ex. clap the thief in jail; N: clapping; loud or explosive sound; CF. applause
s impersonal
not being a person; not showing personal feelings; Ex. impersonal force/manner/organization
n communal
held in common; public; of a group of people; of a commune
hold back (the natural expression of); restrain; crush; oppress; Ex. repressed child; Ex. repress a laugh/rebellion
n posture
assume an affected pose; act artificially; N: pose; attitude
n lap
take in food or drink with one's tongue; splash gently; Ex. waves lapping the shore; N: front area from the waist to the knees of a seated person
resorting to help when in trouble; Ex. without recourse to
n myopic
nearsighted; lacking foresight; N. myopia
hackneyed; commonplace; trite; lacking originality; clich\'ed
recollection; V. reminisce: recollect the past
n queasy
experiencing nausea; nauseated; easily nauseated; squeamish; Ex. feel a little queasy
counterfeit; not authentic; intentionally false; Ex. bogus interview
n disavowal
denial; disclaiming; repudiating; disowning; V. disavow; CF. disclaim
trembling; wavering
lengthen; extend; draw out
n pall
become boring; grow tiresome
n glimmer
shine erratically; twinkle; N: dim or unsteady light; faint indication; Ex. glimmer of hope
understood (without actually being expressed); not put into words; Ex. tacit agreement
s outfit
clothing or equipment for a special purpose; Ex. cowboy outfit
s mongrel
plant or animal (esp. a dog) of mixed breed; ADJ.
s juridical
of the law and its administration; CF. judicial: of courts of law; CF. judiciary
careful about money; economical; N. thrift
put an end to forcibly; subdue; stifle; overwhelm; inhibit the expression of; check; prevent from being published or made public; Ex. suppress a smile; Ex. suppress the magazine/truth
n prevaricate
lie; hide the truth (by equivocating)
put into effect; enforce; carry out; supply with tools; Ex. implement the plan/suggestion; N: tool or instrument
uncertain how to act; weak; lacking in resolution; indecisive; N. irresolution
n overwrought
nervous or excited; extremely agitated; hysterical; wrought-up; CF. wrought: made or done
n idolatry
worship of idols; excessive admiration or devotion; ADJ. idolatrous
n ethnology
study of humankind; study of the different races of human beings; CF. anthropology
n orthography
correct spelling; CF. ortho-: straight; correct; Ex. orthodontics
s hostage
person who is kept as a prisoner by an enemy so that the other side will do what the enemy demands
following in time or order; later
s choice
delicate; of very fine quality
n welt
raised mark from a beating or whipping
dark; vague; unclear; not well known; Ex. obscure meaning/village; V: darken; cover; make unclear; Ex. obscure the moon/meaning
s reinstate