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American Studies review chapter 6

Terms

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Whiskey Rebellion
rebels closed courts and attacked tax collectors due to the tax on whiskey and the stamp act
James Madison
declared the war of 1812 as the 4th president
Battle of Tippecanoe
battle between Teskwatawa and Harrison- Neither won
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
argued that the states had the right to judge whether federal laws agreed with the constitution
Treaty of Ghent
treaty that ended the war of 1812-didn't resolve impressment and respected neutrality rights
Embargo Act
outlawed almost all trade with foreign countries
Lewis and Clark Expedition
Meriwether Lewis and William Clark were sent to explore he L.A. purchase territory and gather information
XYZ Affair
agents were sent to France to negotiate with the French minister, but they demanded a quarter of a million dollars before they could meet the minister
Chesapeake Incident
British came and seized the Chesapeake in the war of 1812
Jefferson and expansion/limits on government power
cut size of bureaucracy and slashed the size of the army
John Marshall
Jefferson's cousin and was sworn in as chief justice in the Supreme Court
Nullification
to reject, as in when a state judges that a federal law is unconstitutional
First National Bank
1st bank of U.S.-funded Hamilton's financial plan
Lousiana Purchase
bought for 15 million from napoleon
Marbury vs. Madison
case in which John marshall gave the supreme court judicial review and the judiciary act of 1789 was declared unconstitutional
Tecumseh
Military leader of indians, and believed war was the only way to win-died in battle of Thames
War of 1812(details, causes, results)
Impressment, Native american attacks encouraged, and Britain lost
Midnight Judges
last minute judges that would hold appointments
States' Rights
powers that the constitution neither gives to the federal government nor denies the states
Assimilation
process by which people of one culture merge into and become part of another
Republicans
believed in the ending of slavery; "Great Evil"
Federalists
Those who favored the constitution and wanted a strong national government
John Adams
became president in 1797, and worked to relieve tensions with France
British Impressment
act of which British forced americans into their military
Missouri Compromise
1820 agreement calling for the admission of Missour as a slave state and Maine as a free state and outlawing slavery in future states north of the 36'30 degree latitude line
Judicial Review
enables courts to decide whether laws are constitutional
Two-Party system
Democrats and Federalists
Alien and Sedition Acts
gave the President the power to arrest and deport citizens of other countries living in the U.S.
Embargo
restriction of trade

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