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ch 7 hota


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122 First change in British colonial policy:
The London government struggled after 1763 to compel the American colonists to shoulder some of the finance costs of empire
122. What did those who advocated Republicanism advocate?
One in which all citizens willingly subordinated their private, selfish interests to the common good. Opposed to hierarchical and authoritarian institutions such as aristocracy and monarchy.
123. Views of Radical Whigs:
Feared the threat to liberty the arbitrary power of the monarch and his ministers relative to elected representatives in parliament.
123. Mercantilism:
Wealth believed that wealth was power and that a country’s economic wealth could be measured by the amount of gold or silver in its treasury.
124-125. Reasons for British currency legislation, the first law passed by Parliament for raising tax revenue and colonial response to it:
British merchants and creditors complained so loudly that parliament prohibited the colonial legislatures from printing paper currency and from passing indulgent bankruptcy laws.
125. Who changed the relationship between colonies and England (1763):
Prime Minister George Greenville first aroused the resentment of the colonists in 1763 by ordering the British navy to begin strictly enforcing the Navigation Laws. Sugar Act of 1764.
130. Townshend acts:
Light import duty on glass, white lead, paper, paint and tea. To pay the governors and judges in America.
132. Boston Tea Party
Bostonians disguised as Indians dumped tea crates into the Atlantic.
132. Boston Tea Party:
Bostonians disguised as Indians dumped tea crates into the Atlantic.
132. Intolerable Acts
The Boston Port Act,The Massachusetts Government Act, The Administration of Justice Act, The Quartering Act, The Quebec Act
132. What did the Quebec Act specify?
The act enlarged the boundaries of the Province of Quebec and instituted reforms generally favorable to the French Catholic inhabitants of the region, although denying them an elected legislative assembly. The Quebec Act offended a variety of interest groups in the British colonies. Land speculators and settlers objected to the transfer of western lands previously claimed by the colonies to a non-representative government. Many feared the establishment of Catholicism in Quebec, and that the French Canadians were being courted to help oppress British Americans.
135. What advantage did England have at the beginning of the war for independence?
A professional army of some 50 thousand men, compared with the small American militia. And the war was thought to not be a big deal.
135. Why were the Whigs in England supporting the rebels in the Revolution
The English Whigs were opposed to Lord North’s Tory wing.
138. On which side of the war did African Americans Fight?
more for america
138. What percentage of Americans supported the war for independence?
5k for america, 300 for britain
why did the Boston Tea Party occur? What are its effects?
rebels threw crates of tea into the boston harbor to protest britain. Cuased the intolerable acts.
Why did the tax on tea remain after the townshend acts were replealled?
To keep alive the principle of parliamentary taxation.
What advance did the English have at the beginning of the war for independance?
Much larger army
Why did British Whigs hope for an American victory?
They wanted to come into power after King George II.
Currency legislation by British
british merchants protested loudly, so the govent. forbid the colonies from making thier own curency.
Who changed the British/American relationship in 1763
Prime Minister Geroge Grenville
What was the first law enacted by parliment to raise taxes?
what is republicanism
a just society as one in which all citizens willingly subordinated their privaTE, SELFISH EEDS TO THE COMMON GOOD. BASED PON VIRTUE OF CITIZENSHIP.

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