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Lifespan Psychology


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Children were considered what in Medieval times?
ill-formed adults
What was childhood considered in the 16 and 1700s?

and had psychological + educational needs
John Locke
-thought of infant as Tabula rasa (blank slate)
-empiricist, experience gathered thru sences transforms each human to unique person
-parents much teach child self control + rationality, the role of society is to civilize
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
-thought at birth hunman infant was a noble savage
-nativist, all virtues including morality are inborn + develop naturally. Parents + society could interfere with this & corrupt human nobility
What happened in Mid 1800s?
Beginning of modern developmental psychology
-investigators begin to record + study actual behavior + its changes over time
Alfred Binet
studied intelligence + distinguished b/w normal + subnormal children
-Stanford Binet Intelligence test
Sigmund Freud
-suggested specific experiences of early childhood resulted in certain distinguishable patterns of adult behavior
JB (John) Watson
began to write about child rearing practices
- clinics were founded to asses childrens problems and advize parents
Continuous development
gradual + incremental quantitavely different
Dicontinuous development
sudden wholey reorganized qualitatively different
Activity/Passivity- Active person
individuals participate in + influence their development from a very early age + their influences increases over time
Sociocultural Context
physical,social, cultural, economic + historical circumstances in a persons life (influence many aspects of development)
Socioeconomic status (SES)
a measure of social class based on finances+education
resiliance (qualities)
these people overcome obstacles of poverty
- (+) personal characterstics
- very intelligent
- adapt well to change
- have close relationship w/ an adult who is not their parent

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