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5th Grade Social Studies, Chapter 6


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Social Studies, Chapter 6

Life in British Colonies

Jon Sams, 5th Grade
town meeting
An assembly in New England colonies in which male landowners could take part in government.
An open area where sheep and cattle grazed.
A volunteer army.
farm produce
Grains, fruits, and vegetables that farmers could trade for goods and services or sell for money.
Goods brought into the colonies from other countries.
county seat
The main town for each county.
A large part of a colony.
Goods to be sold in other countries.
triangular trade routes
Routes that linked Britian, the British colonies, and Africa as the three points of a great triangle on the Atlantic Ocean.
A person who moved in with a family of a skilled worker and helped in the family's business for several years.
indentured servant
A person who agreed to work for another person without pay for a certain lenght of time.
A public sale.
The land between the Coastal Plain and the Appalaachian Mountains. (Frontier)
fall line
A place where the land drops sharply, causing rivers to form waterfalls.
A part of the house between the ceiling and the roof.
coureurs de bois
French for "runners of the woods".
A person who traded with American Indians for furs.
A statement based on facts. It is used to summarize groups of facts and show relationships.
What were the uses of the meetinghouse in most New England Towns?
Meetinghouses were used for worship and town meetings.
Who made the laws and voted for government leaders in the colonies?
Male landowners could take part in government by voting on laws and choosing workers for the town.
What kind of goods did the general stores sell?
General stores sold imports such as tea, sugar, spices, cloth, shoes, stockings, and buttons.
What were triangle trade routes?
Triangle trade routes linked Britain, the British colonies, and Africa. Traders carried manufactured goods from Britain and raw materials from the 13 colonies and the West Indies. They also carried enslaved people from Africa.
What effect did trade have on coastal cities?
Coastal cities grew because of trade.
How did planters get their indentured servants?
Many indentured servants were Europeans who wanted to move to the colonies, but had no money. Planters or other business owners paid for the trip, and the person agreed to work without pay for anywhere from two to seven years.
How were indentured servants different from slaves?
Indentured servants were free after the work time agreed upon was over. Slaves were not given their freedom after a certain period of time.
What was the main job of the planter's family?
The main job of the planter's family was to help watch over the work of others--both servants and slaves.
Why did the British move into the Ohio River Valley?
British fur traders moved into the Ohio River Valley to take the fur trade away from the French.
Why was the county seat important for people living on plantations?
The county seat was where people could meet, go to church, trade, and participate in government.
Why were the first colonial cities located along the Atlantic coast?
The first colonial cities were located on the coast because they had good harbors for ships so goods could easily be imported and exported.
What was used instead of money in the plantation economy?
Crops were used to trade.
What kind of workers were there on plantations?
Indentured servants and slaves worked on plantations.
Why were there so few schools in the southern colonies?
There were few schools in the southern colonies because people lived so far apart. There were no schools for servants or slaves on plantations.
Why was the Great Wagon Road important to the settlement of the backcountry?
The Great Wagon Road was the only way to get wagons loaded with household goods to the backcountry. It provided a way for settlers to move into the backcountry.
How did families living in the backcountry get the food and household goods they needed?
Frontier families made almost everything they needed. The churned their own butter, dyed their own cloth, and made their own soap and candles.
Big covered wagons that many Pennsylvania farmers used to carry their produce to market towns.

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