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nutrition and wellness exam

Terms

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folic acid
one of the b vitamins needed in pregnant women
bulimia
eating disorder characterized by food binges followed by disposal of food by vomitting or waste dispersion
2 pints
equal to 1 quart
grate
to rub food on a grater to make smaller particles
metric system
based on the decimal system of numbers
look at them
what to do when meeting someone
dietitian
a specialist in applying the principles of nutrition to feeding
minerals
inorganic chemicals that the body uses for many purposes
entr'ee
a main dish
proteins
nutrient made of amino acids
vitamins
complex substances in food that speeds up vital chemical reactions in the body
please
when making a request what do you say
food-borne illness
sickness caused by eating spoiled food
cube
to cut into small squares
orally
how were recipes passed down to other family members
FDA
agenct whose job it is to protect the public from impure and unsafe foods, drugs, and cosmetics
15%
proper tip when eating at a restraunt
range
what the cooking center is organized around
nutrient density
amount of nutrients a food gives
simple and complex
the two main categories of carbohydrates
aerobic exercise
activity that makes the body use and take in more oxygen than normal
deficiency
a severe shortage
close
what should you do to your mouth while eating
thank you
proper way to recieve a compliment
nutrients
chemicals the body must have in order to function, grow, repair itself, and produce energy
sanitation
to keep as little bacteria around as possible
recipe
list of imgredients and set of instructions for cooking a food
puree
to press food through a food mill or fine strainer to make it smooth and semi liquid
counter space
what the mixing center is organized around
complete protein
food that contains all the essentialamino acids needed by the body
food guid pyramid
guide compiled by nutritionists to help people make wise food choices
anemia
blood disorder when blood doesnt carry enough oxygen
3 teaspoons
equal to one tablespoon
chop
to cut food into the smallest possitblee pieces
refridgerator-freezer center
where storage bages and containers are found
etiquette
set of rules that give expression to manners
preserve
to prepare food in a way that allows it to be safely stored for later use
sift
to put a dry ingredient through a find sieve
small
what kind of bites should you take
2 cups
equal to one pint
a convience store
what kind of store is small with a limited selection of basic items
fetal alcohol syndrome
problems that may affect the babies of women who drink excessively during pregnancy
dot
to cover with small particles
anorexia nervosa
eating disorder in which victims have an exaggerated fear of gaining weight
fiber
what can help you lower the risk of colon and rectal cancers, heart disease, and obesity
9
how many essential amino acids
nutrients
what do fruits and vegetables begin to lose as soon as they are picked
work center
area in kitchen that focuses on a particular type of activity
staple
basic food item used regularly and kepy in fairly large amounts and basic food produced regularly or in large quantities
organic food
food grown without use of synthetic fertilizers and sprays
reply please
rsvp stands for
when the host starts eating
when do you start eating at a formal meal
sink
what the clean up center is organized around
hunger
the bodys need for food
Food and Drug Administration
all additives must be approved by this
additive
substance added to a food product for a specific purpose
fiber
a non-digestable carbohydrate that provides bulk, needed to keep the digestive track working
beat
to mix ingredients thoroughly, usuallyin a bowl, using an over-and-over again motion
overspending
having a shopping list prevents
C
abbreviation for cup
calorie
used to measure energy available in food
mince
to cut food into the smallest possible pieces
no more than 1 1/2 hours
how long can you keep perishable and cooked foods within the danger zone
left
which side at a wedding does the brides friends and family sit on
calcium and iron
what minerals do teens need extra amounts of
pare
to cut a very thin layer of peel from fruits or vegetables
enzymes
complex proteins which speed up chemical reactions
generic product
product with no brand name
ethnic food
food that is a characteristic of a particular culture
500 calories per day
how many extra calories are need in the last six mother of pregnanct should a woman obtain
elbows
what dont you rest on the dinner table
dovetailing(multi-tasking)
fitting various tasks together for best use of time
blend
to mix two or more ingredients togetherr thoroughly
nutrition
the food you eat and the way your body uses the nutrients in the food
RDA
guide that specifies amounts of nutrients like the amount needed per day
low birth weight
less than 2.5 kg at birth
thermometer
used to gauge the heat of appliances
cut in
to mix shortening and flour
16 ounces
the same as 1 pound or 500 grams
formers market
place where shoppers can buy fruits and vegetables from local growers
wellness
total health
GRAS list
list of substances that are "Generally Recognized As Safe"
perishable
easily spoiled
yield
the number of servings of pieces that will result from a recipe
work triangle
kitchen arrangement in which the three major work centers form the points of an imaginery triangle
cholestrol
fat-like substance used by the body to make necessary chemicals and aid digestion
unit price
cost per ounce, item, or other convienent unit
legumes
the fruits or seeds of a leguminous plant
multi-tasking
combining tasks in such a way that one task overlaps another
carbohydrate
bodys main source of energy
3-5
how many hours should a athlete eat before a competition
calorie
supplies the energy needed for day to day activities
refined sugar
sugar that has been removed from its natural source and processed
tbsp
abbrviation for tablespoon
to make people feel comfortable
purpose of good manners
osteoporosis
excess bone loss causing the bones to become so fragile they break
newspaper and cookbook
two sources for getting recipes
shopping list
what should you prepare before shopping
eaves dropping
listening in on someones conversation
1 gallon
equal to four quarts
specialty stores
what kind of store sells only one type of product
volume
mass or amount of weight or just a wway to measure
self life
the amount of time a food keeps its natural flavor
fats
greasy substances that do not dissolce in food
cream
to beat until soft, creamy, and smooth
when measuring liquids
when should you place the measuring cup on a level suftace and add the liquid

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