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Hallmark Findings


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Albumino-Cytologic Dissociation
192. Guillain-Barre (markedly increased protein in CSF with only modest increase in cell count)
Antiplatelet Antibodies
193. Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
194. Marfan’s
Aschoff Bodies
195. Rheumatic fever
Auer Rods
196. Acute promyelocytic leukemia (AML type M3)
197. Sickle cell anemia: switch a glu à val in b chain
382.Anterior Spinal artery Occlusion
203.UMN lesion
Basophilic Stippling of RBCs
204.Lead poisoning
Bence Jones Protein
205.Multiple myeloma free light chains (either kappa or lambda)
Birbeck Granules
207.Histiocytosis X (eosinophilic granuloma)
Blue Bloater
208.Chronic Bronchitis (at least 3 months for at least 2 years of ecessive mucus secretion & chronic recurrent productive cough)
Boot-Shaped Heart
209.Tetralogy of Fallot
Bouchard’s Nodes
210. Osteoarthritis (Proximal IP joint of the fingers)
Boutonniere’s Deformity
211. Rheumatoid arthritis flex proximal & extend distal IP joints
Brown Tumor
212. Hyperparathyroidism
Brushfield Spots
213. Down’s
Call-Exner Bodies
214. Granulosa cell tumor: associated w/ endometrial hyperplasia & carcinoma
Cardiomegaly with Apical Atrophy
216. Chagas’ Disease
217. 1° Syphilis
218. Haemophilus ducreyi
Charcot Triad
219. Multiple sclerosis = nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech
Charcot-Leyden Crystals
220.Bronchial asthma
Cheyne-Stokes Breathing
221. Cerebral lesion
Chocolate Cysts
Chvostek’s Sign
223.Hypocalcemia facial spasm in tetany
Clue Cells
224.Gardnerella vaginitis
Codman’s Triangle
Cold Agglutinins
226.Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Condyloma Lata
228.2° Syphilis
Cotton Wool Spots
Councilman Bodies
232.Dying hepatocytes – HepB
Crescents In Bowman’s Capsule
233.Rapidly progressive (crescentic glomerulonephritis)
Currant-Jelly Sputum
Curschmann’s Spirals
235.Bronchial asthma
Depigmentation Of Substantia Nigra
Donovan Bodies
237.Granuloma inguinale (STD)
238.Osteoarthritis (polished, ivory-like appearance of bone)
Ectopia Lentis
Erythema Chronicum Migrans
240.Lyme Disease
Fatty Liver
241. Alcoholism
Ferruginous Bodies
242.Asbestosis - & Iron laden
Ghon Focus / Complex
243.Tuberculosis (1° & 2°, respectively)
Glitter Cells
244.Acute Pyelonephritis
Gower’s Maneuver
245.Duchenne’s MD use of arms to stand
Heberden’s Nodes
246.Osteoarthritis (Distal IP joint of the fingers)
Heinz Bodies
247.G6PDH Deficiency
Heterophil Antibodies
248.Infectious mononucleosis (EBV)
Hirano Bodies
Hypersegmented PMNs
250.Megaloblastic anemia
Hypochromic Microcytic RBCs
251. Iron-deficiency anemia or b Thalassemia
Jarisch-Herxheimer Reaction
252.Syphilis over-aggressive treatment of an asymptomatic pt. that causes symptoms 2° to rapid lysis
Joint Mice
253.Osteoarthritis (fractured osteophytes)
Kaussmaul Breathing
254.Acidosis / Diabetic Ketoacidosis
Keratin Pearls
255.Squamous Cell CA of skin Actinic Keratosis is a precursor
Keyser-Fleischer Ring
Kimmelstiel-Wilson Nodules
257.Diabetic nephropathy: Nodular Glomerulosclerosis nodules of mesangial matrix
258.HPV 6 & 11 (condyloma acuminatum - benign) and HPV 16 & 18 (malignant association)
Koplik Spots
Lewy Bodies
260.Parkinson’s (eosinophilic inclusions in damaged substantia nigra cells)
Lines of Zahn
261. Arterial thrombus
Lisch Nodules
262.Neurofibromatosis (von Recklinhausen’s disease) = pigmented iris hamartomas
Lumpy-Bumpy IF Glomeruli
263.Poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis – prototype of nephritic syndrome
Mallory Bodies
264.Alcoholic hepatitis
McBurney’s Sign
265.Appendicitis (McBurney’s Point is 2/3 of the way from the umbilicus to anterior superior iliac spine)
Michealis-Gutmann Bodies
266.Malakoplakia lesion on bladder due to macros & calcospherites (M-G Bodies): usually due to E. Coli
Monoclonal Antibody Spike
267.Multiple myeloma this is called the M protein (usually IgG or IgA)
Negri Bodies
Neuritic Plaques
271. Alzheimer’s
Neurofibrillary Tangles
Non-pitting Edema
Notching of Ribs
275.Coarctation of Aorta
Nutmeg Liver
276.CHF = causing congested liver
Owls Eye Cells
Painless Jaundice
280.Pancreatic CA (head)
281. Rheumatoid arthritis, also see morning stiffnes that ¯ w/ joint use, HLA-DR4
Pautrier’s Microabscesses
282.Mycosis fungoides (cutaneous T-cell lymphoma), Sezary
Philadelphia Chromosome
Pick Bodies
284.Pick’s Disease
2 types of COPD
285.Pink Puffer – Type A: Emphysema
288.Gout (MP joint of hallux)
Port-Wine Stain
Posterior Anterior Drawer Sign
290.Tearing of the ACL
Psammoma Bodies
291. Papillary adenocarcinoma of the thyroid
Punched-Out Bone Lesions
296.Multiple myeloma
Rash on Palms & Soles
297.2° Syphilis
Red Morning Urine
300.Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria. You would use Ham’s test to confirm.
Reed-Sternberg Cells
301. Hodgkin’s Disease
Reid Index Increased
302.Chronic bronchitis = ­d ratio of bronchial gland to bronchial wall thickness
Reinke Crystals
303.Leydig cell tumor
Rouleaux Formation
304.Multiple myeloma RBC’s stacked as poker chips
S3 Heart Sound
305.L®R Shunt (VSD, PDA, ASD)
S4 Heart Sound
308.Pulmonary Stenosis
Schwartzman Reaction
310. Neisseria meningitidis impressive rash with bugs
Smith Antigen
311. SLE (also anti-dsDNA)
Soap Bubble on X-Ray
315. Giant cell tumor of bone
Spike & Dome Glomeruli
316. Membranous glomerulonephritis = Nephrotic syndrome
String Sign on X-ray
318. Crohn’s bowel wall thickening
Target Cells
319. Thalassemia in a Thalassemia w/ no a gene: Hydrops Fetalis & Intrauterine death associations = HbBarts
Tendinous Xanthomas
320.Familial Hypercholesterolemia
Thyroidization of Kidney
321. Chronic pyelonephritis
Tram-Track Glomeruli
323.Membranoproliferative GN: Nephritic syndrome – basement membrane is duplicated into 2 layers
Trousseau’s Sign
324.Visceral ca, classically pancreatic (migratory thrombophlebitis)
Virchow’s Node
327.Supraclavicular node enlargement by metastatic carcinoma of the stomach
Warthin-Finkeldey Giant Cells
WBC Casts
Whipple’s Triad
330.CNS disfunction – Hypoglycemic episodes – glu injection reverses CNS Sympt’s
Wire Loop Glomeruli
331. Lupus nephropathy, type IV (diffuse proliferative form)
­ AFP in amniotic fluid or mother’s serum
332.Spina Bifida
­ Uric Acid
“Ground Glass” on chest x-ray (Hyaline)
339.Due to Pneumocystis carinii
Honey Combing of the lung
341. Seen w/ Asbestosis (a restrictive lung disease)
342.Goodpastures syndrome (pneumonia w/ hemoptysis & rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis)
Linear Ig Deposits
343.Goodpastures syndrome
45 Degree Branch Points
PAS(+) Dutcher Bodies
345.Waldenstrom’s Macroglobulinemia = ­IgM = Hyperviscosity
“Ground Glass” in Abdomen(Hyaline)
346.Seen in the hepatocytes of healthy carriers of HBsAg in liver biopsies
“Signet Ring” Cells
347.Cells that replace the ovaries, due to Krukenberg’s tumor that has metastasized from the stomach
Ground Glass Appearance (Hyaline)
348.Seen w/ Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy oligodendrocytes
Congo Red
350.Shows amyloid deposition in plaques & vascular walls
Meningiomas & Progesterone
351. Some meningiomas have Progesterone receptors = rapid growth in pregnancy can occur
Tuberous Sclerosis Triad
352.Seizures; Mental retardation; Leukoderma (congenital facial white spots or macules): angiofibromas
Cowdry A Inclusions
353.Seen w/ Herpes Simplex Encephalitis – in oligodendroglia
Devic’s Syndrome
354.“Neuromyelitis Optica”
c-erb B2
356.Breast Cancer association
Foster-Kennedy Syndrome
357.A tumor causing blindness & loss of smell w/ papilloedema
Hoffman’s Sign
358.Flicking of the middle finger’s nail
Red Nucleus Destruction
359.Intention tremors of the arm
Ventral Spinocerebellar tr.
360.Unconscious proprioception of lower extremities
Dorsal Spinocerebellar tr.
361. Unconscious prorpioception & fine motor movements
Cuneocerebellar tr.
362.Unconscious proprioception & fine motor movements of upper extremities
Dorsal Column
363.Conscious proprioception of the body
Lateral Spinothalamic tr.
364.Pain & Temperature sensation
Ventral Spinothalamic tr.
365.Light touch perception
366.Taste & Smell
367.Muscles of the eye & of the tongue
368.Vision; Hearing; Equilibrium
369.Sensation of tongue; soft palate. Carotid Body & Sinus innervation
370.Edinger Westphal = parasympathetic eye innervation
373.Pain & temperature of face
375.Innervation of muscles of masticaiton, facial expressions, larynx & pharynx
LMN Lesion
376.Werndig Hoffman (progressive infantile muscular atrophy)
Sensory Pathway Lesion
378.Subacute Combined Degeneration = Friedrich’s Ataxia = B12 deficiency
Both UMN & LMN Lesion
380.ALS = Lou Gherig’s Disease
Both Sensory & Motor Lesion
381. Brown Sequard
Suprachiasmatic Nucleus
383.Controls circadian rhythm
Ventromedial Nucleus
384.Satiety center. Savage behavior & obesity when lesioned
Lateral Nucleus
385.Induces eating. Starvation when lesioned
Arcuate Nucleus
386.Releases PIF (dopa-ergic neurons)
Mamillary Body
387.Can have hemorrhages as seen in Wernicke’s Encephalopathy
388.RBSc w/ spiny projections. Seen in Abetalipoproteinemia.

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