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Dorman FAT - Famous People (Pages 18-21)


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1872-1933. In his first year as governor of Massachusetts (1919). he became nationally known for using the militia to end a Boston police strike. He served as vice president (1921-3) under Warren Harding, rising to the presidency on Harding's death. Even
Cooledge, Calvin.
1789-1851, American author, regarded as the first great American novelist. His first novel, The Spy (1821) was a novel set during the American Revolution. His best-known works were those of The Leatherstocking Tales, a series of novels featuring the fron
Cooper, James Fenimore.
1473-1543, Polish astronomer who put forth the heliocentric theory of planetary motion. This theory was put forth around 1512, and was published in his classic work De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium (1543).
Copernicus, Nicholas.
1900-90, American composer. Famous for his ballets Billy the Kid (1938), Rodeo (1942), and Appalachian Spring (1944, Pulitzer). Other works include the music for the 1939⬢ film Of Mice and Men.
Copland, Aaron.
1939-2000, American film director. Famous for his films The Godfather I, II, and III (1972,1974, 1990), and Apocalypse Now (1979) that was based on Joseph Conrad's novella Heart of Darkness.
Coppola, Francis Ford.
French assassin of Jean Paul Marat (1793). She stabbed Marat while he was taking a bath.
Corday, Charlotte.
1735-1805, English general. The leader of British forces in the American Revolution, his defeat at Yorktown ended the war.
Cornwallis, Charles.
1510-54, Spanish explorer. While searching for the Seven Cities of Cibola, he became the first European to explore New Mexico and Arizona.
Coronado, Francisco.
1736-1806, French physicist. Known for his work on electricity and magnetism, the unit of electric charge, the Coulomb, is named for him.
Coulomb, Charles.
1910-, French oceanographer. A pioneer in the development of the self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (scuba), he was the co-inventor (with Emil Gagnan) of the aqualung. Famous for his documentary films of his oceanographic expeditions aboard hi
Cousteau, Jacques.
1854-1951, American social reformer. Led his (1894), a band of jobless men who marched across the country from Ohio to the nation's capital to show the need for unemployment relief. Also ran for president in 1932 and 1936 on the Farmer-Labor party ticket
Coxey, Jacob.
1903-78, American novelist. Best known for his 1948 Pulitzer Prize winning novel Guard of Honor and also for the novel By Love Possessed (1957).
Cozzens, James Gould.
1871-1900, American author. Often considered the first modern American author, he introduced realism into American fiction with his first novel Maggie: A Girl of the Streets (1893). Crane achieved great fame with his next novel, The Red Badge of Courage,
Crane, Stephen.
1735-1813, American author famous for his descriptions of the US rural life contained in works such as Letters from an American Farmer (1782).
Crevecoeur, J. Hector St. John.
1916-, English scientist. With James Watson, he elucidated the structure and function of the DNA double helix. He shared the 1962 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine with Watson and Maurice Wilkins.
Crick, Francis.
1786-1836, American frontiersman. Crockett served as a US representative from Tennessee (182731, 1833-35), and died defending the Alamo (1836).
Crockett, Davy.
1753- 1827, English inventor of the spinning mule, an improvement on Arkwright's water frame and Hargreaves' spinning jenny.
Crompton, Samuel.
1599-1658, lord protector of England. In 1653, the Protectorate was established, and Cromwell was named lord protector of England. He was succeeded by his son Richard Cromwell upon his death in 1658. Richard Cromwell ruled until the Protectorate collapse
Cromwell, Oliver.
1916-, American journalist who served as anchor of CBS evening news (1962-1981).
Cronkite, Walter.
1932-, US politician and governor of New York (1983-95).
Cuomo, Mario.
French scientists. For their work in radioactivity, they shared the 1903 Nobel Prize in physics with Antoine Becquerel. She became the first person to win a second Nobel Prize when she received the 1911 chemistry prize for the discovery of Polonium (name
Curie, Marie (1867-1934) and Pierre (1859-1906).
1839-76. US general. Became the youngest general in the Union army (1863). In 1876 he led the campaign against the Sioux on the Little Big Horn River.
Custer, George.
1834-1900, German inventor. His construction of the first high-speed internal combustion engine (1885) led to the development of the automobile.
Daimler, Gottleib.
Title of the leader of Tibetan Buddhism. The 14th, Tenzin Gyatso (1935-), was the recipient of the 1989 Nobel Peace Prize.
Dalai Lama.
1902-76, US Politician. Served as mayor of Chicago (1955-76). His son Richard M. Daley became mayor of Chicago in 1989.
Daley, Richard Joseph.
1904-89, Spanish painter. A leader of the Surrealist movement, his most famous work is Persistence of Memory (1931).
Dali, Salvador.
1766-1844, English scientist renowned as the originator of the modern chemical atomic theory of matter.
Dalton, John.
1815-1882, American author. His classic Two Years before the Mast (1840) is a novel about the days of sailing ships. His father Sr. wrote the poem The Buccaneer (1827).
Dana, Richard Henry.
1265-1321, Italian author of the classic poem The Divine Comedy. The Divine Comedy, a vernacular poem in 100 cantos, is a tale of the poet's journey through Heaven, Purgatory, and Hell. The poem was written as a memorial to his beloved Beatrice, who is f
Dante Alighieri.
1587-?, The first child born in America to English parents. She was a member of the Roanoke colony that disappeared c.1591.
Dare, Virginia.
1857-1938, American lawyer. In the Scopes Monkey Trial of 1925, regarding the teaching of evolution in public schools, he opposed William Jennings Bryan.
Darrow, Clarence.
1809-82, English evolutionist. As a naturalist aboard the HMS Beagle (1831-36), Darwin began accumulating the data he used to formulate the concept of evolution. In 1858, he and Alfred Russell Wallace simultaneously published the first works putting fort
Darwin, Charles.
?-972 BC, Hebrew king. The successor of Saul, he was one of the greatest Hebrew rulers. Me is mentioned in the Old Testament several times including his fight with Goliath, his friendship with Saul's son Jonathan, and his seduction of Bathsheba. He is al
David, King of Israel.
1748-1825, French painter. His works include Death of Socrates (1787), The Oath of the Horatii, and Marat (1793). Also served as first painter to Napoleon I.
David, Jacques-Louis.
1808-89, American statesman. Before serving as president of the Confederacy (1861-5), he served as a senator from Mississippi and US Secretary of War.
Davis, Jefferson.
1778-1829, English chemist known for his isolation of Sodium, Potassium, Boron, Calcium, Magnesium, and Barium.
Davy, Sir Humphrey.
1865-1951, vice president of the US (1925-29). The vice president under Calvin Coolidge, he shared the 1925 Nobel Peace prize for the Namesake Plan, a plan that reduced German reparations from WWI and stabilized the German economy.
Dawes, Charles.
1855-1926, American socialist. He helped form the American Socialist party and ran as the Socialist candidate for US president 5 times.
Debs, Eugene Victor.
1862-1918, French composer. An impressionist composer, he is best known for his tone poem Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun (1894). Other works include La Mer (1905) and Nocturnes (1899).
Debussy, Claude.
1660-1731, English writer. His greatest novels include Moll Flanders (1722), A Journal of the Plague Year (1722), and Robinson Crusoe (1719). Robinson Crusoe or, more accurately, The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe is a novel ba
Defoe, Daniel.
1873-1961, American inventor. A pioneer in the development of wireless telegraphy and television, he invented the triode in 1906.
De Forest, Lee.
1834-1927, French painter. Influential Impressionist whose most famous subjects were ballet dancers and the horse races.
Degas, Egdar.
1890-1970, French statesman. He served as president 1945-6, and first president of the Fifth Republic (1959-69).
De Gaulle, Charles.
1936-, South African political leader. Succeeded P.W. Botha as president of South Africa in 1989. With Nelson Mandela, he won the 1993 Nobel Peace prize. Succeeded by Mandela as president in 1994.
De Klerk, Frederick.
1798-1863, French painter. The foremost French romantic, his works include Women of Algiers and Liberty Leading the People.
Delacroix, Eugene.
1577-1618, 1st governor of the Virginia colony. The colony of Delaware is named after him.
De la Warr, Thomas.
1881-1959, American film director. Among his films are the classic The Ten Commandments (1923).
De Mille, Cecil B.
1785-1859, English author best known for the autobiographical Confessions of an English Opium-Eater (1822).
De Quincey, Thomas.
1596-1650, French thinker. Famous for his work as a mathematician, philosopher, and scientist. Descartes founded analytical geometry and originated the Cartesian coordinate system. His philosophical works include Discourse on Method (1637) and Meditation
Descartes, Rene.
1500-42, Spanish explorer who explored much of the south including Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, Arkansas, and Oklahoma. His group was probably the first group of Europeans to see the Mississippi River (1541).
De Soto, Hernando.
1837-1917, American admiral. In 1898, during the Spanish-American war, he directed the victory over the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay in the Philippines.
Dewey, George.
1851-1931, American library pioneer and originator of the Dewey Decimal system, a system of book classification still in use today.
Dewey, Melvil.
1902-71, American politician. he served as governor of NY (1943-55) and lost the presidential election of 1944 to F.D. Roosevelt, and unexpectedly lost the 1948 election to Harry S. Truman.
Dewey, Thomas.
1830-1915, Mexican dictator. In 1876, after losing the presidential election, he led a revolt and seized power. He ruled ruthlessly for 35 years, and was overthrown in the 1910 revolution led by Francisco Madero.
Diaz, Porfirio.
1812-70, English novelist. He rose to fame with his Sketches by Boz (1836) and The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club (1837). His major novels include Oliver Twist (1838), Nicholas Nickleby (1839), The Old Curiosity Shop (1841), Barnaby Rudge (1841),
Dickens, Charles.
1923-, American author best known for his novel Deliverance (1969).
Dickey, James.
1830-85, American poet. Born in Amherst, Massachusetts, she spent most of her life in seclusion in Amherst. Of her nearly 2000 poems, only seven were published during her lifetime.
Dickinson, Emily.
1713-84, French encyclopedia complier. Most famous for his lifework, The Encyclopedie.
Diderot, Denis.
1913-56, American athlete, and perhaps the greatest female athlete of all time. She won two Olympic gold medals in track and field, and as a golfer won the US and British Amateur, and the US Open three times (1948,1950,1954). In 1938 she married wrestler
Didrikson, Babe.
1902-34, American criminal. He was declared public enemy number one by the FBI, and was shot and killed by FBI agents in Chicago (1934) shortly thereafter.
Dillinger, John.
1885-1962, Danish author, pseudonym of Karen Blixen. Best known for the autobiographical account of her years on a coffee plantation in Kenya entitled Out of Africa.
Dinesen, Isak.
412-323 B.C., Greek philosopher. He taught that a simple life was a good life. Most famous for living in a tub and searching the streets looking for an honest man. Nicknamed "the dog," his followers were known as the Cynics.
1901-66, American film producer. He began his career as a cartoonist, becoming famous with his creation of the Steamboat Willie short that contained Mickey Mouse. His Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1938) was the first full-length animated cartoon. His
Disney, Walter.
1802-87, American social reformer. A pioneer in the treatment of the insane, she influenced the founding of states hospitals in the US and Europe.
Dix, Dorothea.
1831-1905, American author of the children's classic Hans Brinker, or, The Silver Skates (1865).
Dodge, Mary Mapes.
1891-1980, German admiral and chief naval commander during WWII, he headed the German government that negotiated the unconditional surrender to the Allies.
Doenitz, Karl.
1923-, US politician. US Representative (1960-68) and Senator (1968-95) from Kansas. He was the unsuccessful running mate of Gerald Ford in 1976, and was defeated in 1980 and 1988 for the Republican presidential nomination. In 1996, he won the Republican
Dole, Robert Joseph.
1936-. Served as secretary of labor under President Bush, and president of the American Red Cross.
Dole, Elizabeth Hanford.
1797-1848, Italian composer. Best known for his operas Lucrezia Borgia (1833), Lucia di Lammermoor (or The Bride of Lammermoor) (1835), and The Daughter of the Regiment (1840).
Donizetti, Gaetano.
1886-1961, American poet known as H.D. Imagist poet who is best known for the volumes Sea Garden (1916) and Bid Me to Live (1960).
Doolittle, Hilda.
1896-1970, American novelist. Best known for the U.S.A. trilogy that includes the works The 42nd Parallel (1930), 1919 (1932), and The Big Money (1936). Other works include Manhattan Transfer (1925) and his second trilogy District of Columbia (1952).
Dos Passos, John.
1821-81, Russian novelist. His first novel, Poor Folk (1846) was met with great acclaim. Other works include Crime and Punishment (1866), The Idiot (1868), and The Possessed (1871). His final novel was The Brothers Karamazov (1880).
Dostoyevsky, Fyodor.
1819-93, inventor of baseball. Though often disputed, he is often credited with the invention of baseball (1839) in Cooperstown, NY.
Doubleday, Abner.
1813-61, American statesman. A Democratic congressman (1843-47) and senator from Illinois (1847-61). Seeking senate reelection in 1858, he engaged Abraham Lincoln in the famous debates, and defeated Lincoln. He was nominated as the Democratic presidentia
Douglas, Stephen.
1898-1980, associate justice of the Supreme Court. His tenure (1939-75) was the longest in court history.
Douglas, William Orville.
1817-95, American abolitionist. After escaping from slavery in 1838, he took the name from Sir Walter Scott's Lady of the Lake. In 1845 he published his Narrative of the Life of *, and two years later he established the North Star, an abolitionist paper.
Douglass, Frederick.
1859-1930, English author. The creator of fictional detective Sherlock Holmes and his companion Dr. Watson. The pair first appeared in A Study in Scarlet (1887). Other works include The Hound of the Baskervilles (1902) and the historical romance The Whit
Doyle, Sir Arthur Conan.
1540-96, English navigator and the first Englishman to circumnavigate the globe (1577-80). His ship was named the Golden Hind.
Drake, Sir Francis.
1871-1945, American author. A pioneer in Naturalism, his works include Sister Carrie (1900) and Jennie Gerhardt (1911), both about fallen women; and An American Tragedy (1925) a novel that tells of a poor young man's futile attempt to achieve financial s
Dreiser, Theodore.
1631-1700, English poet and dramatist, appointed as poet laureate in 1668. He is best known for the comedy Marriage a la Mode (1672) and his political satire Absalom and Achitophel (1681).
Dryden, John.
1925-90, president of El Salvador (1980-82, 1984-88).
Duarte, Jose Napoleon.
1868-1963, African-American civil-rights leader. He co-founded the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (1910), and edited the NAACP magazine, The Crisis, until 1932. In 1961, he joined the communist party and moved to Ghana.
DuBois, W.E.B.
1887-1968, French painter. Famous for his cubist work Nude Descending a Staircase. A cofounder of the Dada group, he also invented ready-mades, commonplace objects exhibited as works of art.
Duchamp, Marcel.
1933-, US politician. He was a member of the US House of Representatives (1962-70) and governor of Massachusetts (1975-79, 1983-91) before receiving the Democratic presidential nomination in 1988. He lost the 1988 presidential election to George Bush.
Dukakis, Michael.

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