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language arts exam

Terms

undefined, object
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allusion
reference to a famous person, place, event or work of literature
meter
the measuered arrangement of words in peoetry, as by accentual rhythm, syllabic quantity or the # of syllables in a line
exclamatory sentence
expresses sudden strong feelings such as surprise, wonder, pity, sympathy, happiness, or grattitude
tone
the writers attitude towards his/her subject
dependent clause
a group of words that contain a subject and a verb but does not express a complete thought
detail
refers to the things that happen and the factual info that appears in the passage
sarcasm
used to express irony
accusatory sentence
blaming or accustative
imagery
use of senses in literature to create a picture for the readers
onomatopoeia
the use of words whose sounds suggest their meaning (buzz, hiss, clap)
complex sentence
has an independent clause joined by 1 or 2 dependent clauses
personification
gives inanimate objects action or life
theme
the message about life or human nature that is convayed in literature
symbolism
when something represents something else
conflict
struggle between opposing forces
mood
a feeling that is conveyed throughout literary work
hyperbole
exaggeration or overstatement for emphasis
foreshadowing
preveiw of what is to happen in the future
metaphors
compartisons not using like or as
diction
word choice
oxymoron
a rhetorical device in which two seemingly contradictory words are used together for affect
irony
contrast between what is expected and what actually exists or happens
alliteration
repetition of a letter
consonance
repetition of a consonant sound
rhythm
the pattern of stressed and unstressed sylables
denouement
the final resolution of the intracacies of a plot
imperative sentence
a command, request or wish
compound sentence
cantains 2 independent clauses joined by a coordinater
proverb
a word that can substitue for a verb or verb phrase
assonance
repetition of a vowel sound
declarative sentence
states an idea. ends in a period or an exclamation point
rhyme
the likeness of sounds at the ends of words
simile
a comparison using like or as
independent clause
a group of words that contain a subject and a verb and expresses a complete sentence
interrogative sentence
asks a direct question
repetition
he use of sounds, words, phrases, or whole lines more than once;usually to make a statement
thesis
a subject for a compostition essay
comparisons
(similes and metaphors) determining what two or more things have or dont have in common

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