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Literary Terms and Concepts

Terms

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Dramatic Irony
when an audience perceived something that a character in the literature does not know
Metaphor
the comparison of two UNLIKE things
Soliloquy
when a character relates his or her thoughts or feelings to him/herself and to the audience
Comedy
Shakesperian play with happy ending or marriage
Sonnet
14 line poem
3 quatrains
1 rhyming couplet
iambic pentameter
ababcdcdefefgg



Allusion
a brief reference to a person, event, or place, real or fictitious, or a work of art. Casual reference to a famous historical or literary figure or event. This can be drawn from history, geography, literature, or religion.
Blank Verse
poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter
Hyperbole
an exaggeration or overstatement
Apostrophe
when an absent person, an abstract concept, or an important object is directly addressed
Oxymoron
putting two contradictory words together
Comic Relief
the inclusion of a humorous character, scene or witty dialogue
Tragedy
a Shakespearean play, five acts, ending in the death of most of the major characters
Aside
when a character is speaking to the audience
Personification
giving human qualities to animals or objects
Situational Irony
a discrepancy between the expected result and the actual result
Simile
a comparison of two unlike things using like or as
Pun
numerous word that has two meanings
Conceit
an extended metaphor with a complex logic that governs a poetic passage or entire poem
Verbal Irony
author says one thing but means something else. Sarcasm
Alliteration
the repetition of initial sounds in neighboring words
Consonance
the repetition of consonant sounds, not vowels
Assonance
the repetition of vowel sounds but NOT consonant sounds as in consonance
Metrical Foot
a group of 2 or 3 syllables forming the basic unit of poetic rhythm
Iambic Tetrameter
a meter in poetry. It refers to a line consisting of 4 iambic feet
Synecdoche
when one uses a part to represent the whole
Metonymy
substituting a word for another word closely associated with it

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