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Elements of Literature


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Foreshadowing 2
Makes a narrative more believeble by partially preparing the reader for events which are to follow
Situation Irony
The contrast between what the action of the story is versus what action the reader expects
Direction Characterization
A characters qualities are fully state and by the author
Person v. Nature
Day after tomorrow
any self-contridicting situation that turns out to be accuarate ex) hungry i could eat a horse
Figuraitive Language
When a writer uses comparisions to depict something in the story or poem or is able to take the literal meaning to a figuritive one to encouarage the reader and to bring a fresh perspective to something in a story or poem
The events that make up a story
Rising Action
Series of events that lead to the resolution
Theme 4
Actions and events- what do they "say"
Exciting Force
Event/Charchter that triggers the conflict
Main character in the story (good or bad)
Person v. Society
Society versus a personof people dont like what society is telling you to do
Resolutionor Denoument
Literally 'unknotting'. The final unraveling of a plot. The solution of a mystery an explanation or out come...implies on ingenous untying of the knot of an intuge, involving not only a satisfactory at come of the main situation but on explanation of all the secrets and misunderstandings connected with the plot complication (Horman & Holmon 146)
Flat Character
does not change and is seen as only one type of person (good or bad)
The comparision of two unlike things using like, as, seems or than
The use of words to to evoke the five senses ex.) soft plush carpet
Person v. Person
Someone doesnt agree with another
When the opposite happenes of what it is expected
Introductory material which provides the opening conditions of the story, and presents other facts necessary to understanding the story
The opposition to the main character (good or bad)
Third person Objective
Narrator sees into the mind of one characters
Dramatic Irony
When the reader or audience knows something that a character doesnt know
The repetition of the same begining sound ex.)peter piper
A referance, to a book, historical event or a famous person. ex.) Beware of the fruit
Theme 2
Thaoughts and conversations throughout the whole story
The repetition of the same vowel sound (useally in the beging)
Character or Dramatic Foil
A character who is constructed with another to make that character seem better or worse
An object, character, or event that not only has its own meaning but also stands for something else
Person v. Self
Making a descisions against yourself on the inside
An author's use of hints or clues to suggest events that will occur later in the story. These hints come through dialogue, description, or the attitudes and reactions of the characters
Foreshadowing 1
Builds suspense by raising questions that encourage the reader to go on and find out more about the event that is being forshadowed.
Round Character
Has good as well as bad points. This character changes or grows during the story often due to what happens to him/her.
the authors general ideas or thoughts about people or life as stated in a story, novel, or poem. Becareful not to confuse "subject" with theme, think about what the author is making a statement about
Verbal Irony
The contrast between what a character states and what it is actually meant.
The struggle that grows out the interplay of two opposing forces, conflicts provide interest, surprise, and tension. At keast one of the opposing forces is custimarily a person
The comparision of two unlike things by saying that one thing is something else
Indirect Characterrization
Reader must draw to conclusions about a character based on what the author says about a character or by what a character or by what a character says or does
Theme 3
Things the main character learns
humorous play on words
Feeling evolved by the story or poem by the writers use of setting, image, etc.
Writers attitude towards the events in the story or poem
Theme 1
Feelings of the Main character
word itself suggests a sound
Narrator is an all- knowing outsoder who can enter the mind of more than one of the characters
First Person Narrator
The person telling the study can tell the reader his/her personal thoughts/feelings while giving the action of the study from only his/her perspective

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