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Latin American Final


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Perfirio Diaz
Dictator president in Mexico from 1876-1880 and 1884-1911 Significant because during his presidency he stabilized and modernized Created the pie model for distribution of land and power.
Francisco Madero
Came from a rich family in which he inherited a hacienda. He is significant because he helped found the Anti-reelection in which he believed \"by effective suffrage voting should count and no reelection. He became president of Mexico in 1911 after he led uprising by the lower class in rural Mexico.
Emiliano Zapata
Was from a little village near mexico city. Concerned about the land gained by the elite and as an elder of the village he wanted to gain back the land. He lost the fight.
Francisco Villa
Lived on a hacienda and was known as a great outlaw because he avenged his sister\'s rape by the master of the Hacienda. He is significant because he was concerned about the power of the elite.
Present day constitution of Mexico that was formed in 1917 during the Mexican revolution. Significant because it was the blue print of the democratic left government.
Constitution of 1917
Lazaro Cardenas
President from 1934-1940 and is significant to Mexican history because he implemented the 1917 constitution.
Alvaro Obregon
Became president in 1920 election after he overthrew the former president who was supported by the United States. He is significant to Mexican history because he wrote the constitution of 1917
Deals with church and education Creates a secular public school system and the church becomes significantly smaller
Article 3
Protects the workers rights Compensation, health care, etc Is significant because it is the magna carta of working men.
Article 123
Allows government to confiscate land of the elite at any time Gives government the right to confiscate foreign business prosperity such as land and products
Article 27
Diego Rivera
A world famous Mexican painter and active communist. Painted many murals in Mexico which related to the revolution and to politics
War between barbarism and civilization
Mexican Revolution of 1910
Victor Paz Estenssor
Bolivian economist and statesman who became president of Bolivia from 1960-1964 Significant because he was a co-founder of the National Revolution Movement in 1941 which became the Centrist party.
A system set-up by the government during the presidency of Estenssor in 1952 in which a semiatonomous enterprise ran the state-owned mines. The government nationalized the three major tin companies. Significant because 2/3 of the mining industry was
Social-democratic politcal part of Venezual. Established in 1941 and played a major roll in the fall of the dictatorship of Marcos Perez. Had four presidents from 1960-1990
Accion Democratica
Juan D. Peron
An italian immigrant descendant who became the populist president of Argentina in 1945
Eva Duarte de Peron
Wife of Peron who orginally came from the \"sticks\" Known as a Saint in Argentina for her love and support of the working class Convinced her husband to give female suffrage in 1947
Word used to describe the \"working class\"
Gertulio Vargas
Brazilian populist president Significant because he had an alliance with the middle and working class and he industrialized Brazil
a term used to describe policies which are guided by the idea of protecting domestic consumption, labor and capital formation
Economic nationalism
a trade and economic policy based on the premise that a country should attempt to substitute products which it imports (mostly finished goods) with locally produced substitutes.
Import substitution industrialization
A school of theology within Christianity in which the Roman churches mission is to bring justice to the poor and the oppressed through political activism
Liberation theology
Ernesto \"Che\" Guevara
Argentine Marxist revolutionary and guerrilla leader in Cuba during the Cuban revolution of 1959
A literacy campaign in Cuba named after Conrado Benitez, a black man who was one of the early volunteer teachers who was murdered.
Conrado Benitez brigades
Fidel Castro
Cuban revolutionary leader who served as the country\'s 22nd president and led the country from January 1959 until his retirement in February 2008. Overthrew Batista and end foreign investment in Cuba Provide national education and health care
Augusto Cesar Sandino
Guerilla war against U.S. Marines in the 1980s Significant because he is painted as a patriot
Daniel Ortega
Leader of the revolution in Nicaragua. In 1979 the guerilla revolution succeds and Ortega created policies which ended foreign investors, created education, allowed free public health and created land reform
Archbishop Oscar Romero
Assassinated by military for speaking against politics Assassinated in 1980 while giving mass Significant because it put the spot light on El Salvador
Chico Mendez
Rubber tapper who was one of the first people to speak up against the deforestation of the rain forest Was killed by neighbor ranchers
process of transferring ownership of business from the public sector (government) to the private sector (business)
Favors the elite, foreign investors, consumers, and the middle class
A group of indeginous people who lived in the rianforest. They were nondientary and there for came into conflict with the non-natives in 1980. FUNAI was the group that created treateis with the Xavante (reservations) Significant because it was one of the deregulations of Brazil
Luiz Incaio Lula da Silvia
Elected president of Brazil in 2002 A person from the working class who promised change for the working class but instead continued neo-liberalism ideas

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