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World History: Chapter 26 Section 4


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What problems did Japan face while trying to modernize during the late 1800s?
The Economic, Social and Political reforms; Lack of raw materials.
What was the period of reformation in Japan during the late 1800s?
Meiji Restoration.
Was the Meiji Restoration successful? In what fields did Japan advance?
Yes; Industry and Military power.
Why did Japan want to expand into mainland Asia?
(1)raw materials; (2)Show it's advancements on the map.
What treaty ended the Sino-Japanese war?
The Treaty of Shimonoseki.
What was stated in the Treaty of Shimonoseki?
(1)Korean Independence; (2)forced China to pull to Taiwan; (3)forced the Pescadores to pull to Japan.
TRUE or FALSE: Did Japan ever gain control of Korean?
FALSE (They gained control of the Korean government).
After the Boxer Rebellion foreign powers except Russia removed their troops. Where were Russian troops based?
TRUE or FALSE: The 100,000 Russian soldiers in Manchuria did not interfere with Japan.
TRUE or FALSE: The Japanese protested against the fortification in Manchuria.
TRUE or FALSE: The Russians listened to Japanese protests and removed all soldiers from Manchuria.
FALSE (The Russians dragged their feet and left their soldiers in Manchuria).
Why did Japan want the Russian troops out of Manchuria?
They looked at Manchuria as a future sphere of influence.
In 1902 Japan signed an alliance with what nation? Where each nation agreed that the other had the right to defend it's special interests in China.
Great Britain.
TRUE or FALSE: The alliance Japan had with Great Britain in 1902 was initially faced towards Russia.
What was the Alliance between Japan and Great Britain in 1902 called?
The Anglo-Japanese alliance.
TRUE or FALSE: The Anglo-Japanese Alliance resulted in war between Japan and Great Britain VS Russia.
Early in 1904 Japanese forces attacked the Russian fleet where?
Port Arthur, in Manchuria.
TRUE or FALSE: The Japanese primarily declared war on Russia before attacking in 1904.
FALSE (They attacked without warning).
FILL IN THE BLANK: After the attack on Port Arthur the Russians retaliated by sending part of their _______ to Asia.
Baltic fleet.
The Russian Baltic Fleet met the Japanese navy, losing lost 32 ships. Where was this battle?
Battle of Tsushima in 1905.
TRUE or FALSE: In 1904, the Japanese sent both land and naval troops and losing in a series of battles in Korea and Manchuria.
FILL IN THE BLANK: In 1904, the Japanese force landed on the ____________ Peninsula in Manchuria and, with the help of the navy, placed ______ Under siege.
Liaodong Peninsula; Port Arthur.
TRUE or FALSe: The Japanese society was facing serious economic trouble after their multiple victories against the Russians.
Because of lack of supplies and money, the Japanese asked whom to mediate peace agreements.
Theodore Roosevelt.
Who was Theodore Roosevelt?
President of the United States at the time.
What was a nickname given to Theodore Roosevelt?
Teddy Roosevelt.
Where did Roosevelt invited representatives from Japan and Russia to take part in negotiations in 1905?
Portsmouth, New Hampshire.
Why did Roosevelt invite Japanese and Russian representatives to his country rather than meeting on their soil?
He wanted them to meet in neutral territory.
What was the name of the treaty which ended the Russo-Japanese War?
The Treaty of Portsmouth.
FILL IN THE BLANK: In the Treaty of Portsmouth, Russian ceded to japan it's lease on the ______, including _____, and control of the southern branch of the ____ _____ ______.
Liaodong Peninsula; Port Arthur; Chinese Eastern Railway.
FILL IN THE BLANK: In the Treaty of Portsmouth, Russia also agreed to withdraw all it's troops from Manchuria. Also instead of paying an indemnity, Russia turned over to Japan the ________. Finally Russia gave the Japanese ___________.
Russian island of Sakhalin; special fishing rights along it's siberian coast.
TRUE or FALSE: Roosevelt was assassinated for mediating the Treaty of Portsmouth.
TRUE or FALSE: Roosevelt received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1906 for his mediation which ended the Russo-Japanese War.
TRUE or FALSE: Japan proclaimed the annexation of Korea in 1910.
What did Japan rename Korea?
TRUE or FALSE: No Imperialist nations oppose the annexation of Korea by Japan?
TRUE or FALSE: Along with Japanese industrialization came the creation of more jobs for Japan's flourishing nation.
FALSE (They had a lack of jobs).
As a result of few jobs in Japan, Japanese people began to emigrate to two neighboring nations. What were those nations?
Korea and Taiwan.
TRUE or FALSE: Thousands of Japanese people fled to the United States in search for Jobs.
TRUE or FALSE: Following the immigration of Asians into the United States, they began to prohibit this immigration, yet allowed Europeans to immigrate.
What was another problem Japan faced in trying to industrialize their nation?
Imports/Exports. They needed to import, yet didn't have any major export they could use.
TRUE or FALSE: Along with Western influences Japanese rapidly changed to meet and match the Western life styles.
TRUE or FALSE: Along with Western Influences, Japanese workers began to form labor unions and went on strike for higher wages and better working conditions.
With the influence of labor unions many Japanese people began to become interested in what?
What were many University students introduced to, through the victory of the Western democracies over Germany in World War I?
Democracy was the wave of the future. (They put it up to the mind and thought that Germany lost because of running under a dictatorship).
TRUE or FALSE: In Japanese tradition children were required to obey and respect their parents especially their fathers.
When making the decision of a job or on a wife or husband, who decides whom to pick.
The Father.
TRUE or FALSE: The Japanese began to accept Western styles, such as clothing and music styles.
What was a hair style girls in the United States began to use, where the hair is cut short.
FILL IN THE BLANK: In the United States people began to listen to _____ and playing games like ________.
Jazz; Baseball.
TRUE or FALSE: In the 1920s Japan began to have a militarized government where they were mainly run by the military
What was the cause of Military power in the government?
The constitution of 1889
Two positions were created because of the Constitution of 1889, which gave the military great power.
Minister of war; Minister of the Navy.
TRUE or FALSE: These Ministers of the Military realized that with the change and influences which came from the West. They decided they should try to distance themselves from European and American influences.
What did these Ministers do to keep themselves away from European affairs?
They advocated their own Japanese "Monroe Doctrine." This would give Japan special powers in the East Asia.
Where did the Ministers target for future expansion?
TRUE or FALSE: Japanese Military influences on the Japanese Government would later on lead to the collapse of Japan.

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