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History 1301 Test 1


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Columbian Exchange
We gave Indians - diseases, domestic animals & starches
Indians gave us - syphilus, turkey & fruit & Veggies
pg 25
Indians of N. America
Nomadic,hunters,farmer, traders.
Political - democracy - elected chiefs
Social - family structure
Men owned hunting grounds, weapons, tools, meat
Women owned teepees, children, clothes, food they grew, farm land
Religion - shaman
Defense- warfare, weapons, stategy, warriors
African Slavery in Africa
Slaves were mostly war captives, punishment for crimes - slaves in name only - not permanent status - did not apply to children - some were beaurocrats & soldiers
Could earn freedom
pg 12 & 13
Spanish America
New Mexico
St Augustine, Florida
Cortez, Pizarro, DeVaca, DeSoto pg 19
English Migration Factors
Huge Population growth in Enland
Enclosure movement
Second sons need job
Religious conflicts
Public Sphere
public sphere a part of social life where citizens can exchange views on matters of importance to the common good, so that public opinion can be formed. This public sphere comes into being when people gather to discuss issues of political concern.
Chesapeake Society
Who - Men,lot of noblemen, some artisans & merchants
Intention - find gold
Economy- Tobacco,lots slaves
Social - not family oriented and spread out
Political - house of burgeses
Religion - Anglican
Notes & Page 42
New England Society
Families - working class
Intention-set up communities
Economy - diversified, family farms, trading, bartering - few slaves
Social - tight knit families & community
Political - democratic govern
Religion - puritans,
Notes & pg 48 & 49
House of Burgesses
First Legislative body in English America
Set a precedent for establishing self government in other English Colonies
Land owners elected representatives to the House of Burgesses
pg 43,44,77,87
General Court in Massachusetts
Freemen - adult males who held property & were church members had the right to elect representatives to the lower house as well as 18 members (assistants) to the upper house
They also chose a governor & deputy governor
pg 50
European Slavery in North America
Indentured Servants, Redemptioners, Tenancy, Convicts, Family farms, Extension of credit
pg 91
African Slaves and society
Initially - language & ethnic barriers

Some had families & communities
Creoles flourished
Community life & religion - brought traces of their religion with them - voodoo - very strong feelings about funerals/burials. Brought their music with them. Brought african influenced house design & food
pg 88 & 89
Europeans & Indians Conflicts
King Phillips War
Bacons rebellion
Pueblo Revolt
Beaver Wars
pg 76
Literacy in the 18th Century
New England- 70% could read & write -had to learn so could read Bible
South - only 1/3 of men could read or write & fewer women
Many Newspapers printed
pg 111-112
Colonial Assemblies
Governor appointed by the king or proprietors
Governor could veto laws written by assemblies, could also initiate legislative sessions. Governors were usually given detailed instructions on how to govern the colonies
Bacon's Rebellion
Jamestown - 1675 - Bloody conflict in Virginia led by Nathaniel Bacon. Turned a war between settlers & Indians into a rebellion of settlers against colonial authorities.
Legalized enslavement of Indians
Legalized taking land of escaping Indians
Hatred of Indians became permanent concept
pg 77
English & French War
King Williams War
Queen Annes War
King Georges War
French & Indian War
pg 127

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