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world politics


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broad-based parties that seek to maximize their vote count by appealing to a diversity of groups
catch-all parties
narrowly representative parties
particularistic parties
man to manage post-Saddam Iraq
Paul Bremer
a shiite cleric against Sistani and America
Muqtada al-Sadr
this leader urged shiites to operate with the coalition
Ayatollah Ali Husseini al-Sistani
Whittled down the National Congress, a secular shitte, contacts provided false info about Saddam's weapons of mass destruction
Ahmad Chalabi
Saddam's political party, brought down Iraq's king in 1958
Ba'ath Party
a greater collaboration among the Arabs of the Middle East against foreign domination
Afghanistan's elected president, elected in 2004
Hamid Karzai
as a military-political umbrella organization created by the Islamic State of Afghanistan in 1996. The organization united various Afghan groups fighting against each other to fight the Taliban instead.
Northern Alliance
an Afghani institution that might serve as an incubator of state legitimacy pashtun village council Grand Council
Loya Jirga
from the most conservative Islamic sector leader of the Taliban
Mullah Omar
several groups that countered the Soviet attack osama bin ladin was a member of this group
divides the region's Pashtun population, with some Pashtuns living in Afghanistan and others in what is now Pakistan
MacMahon line
British and Russian attempts to dominate central Asia and the passages to India
the Great Game
South African security force members would receive amnesty for any human rights abuses they may have committed, provided that they supplied all the details on any incidents of abuse.
Truth and Reconciliation Commission
Mandela's successor
ANC, SACP, COSATU all coming together, ANC basically paying off political opponents.
Tripartheid Alliance
Elected by the white South Africans as President announced on Feb. 2, 1990, that he would release Mandela and other political prisoners lifted the bans on the ANC and other anti-apartheid organizations promised to negotiate a fully inclusive democrac
De Klerk
the organizational arm of the anti-apartheid movement
Africa National Congress (ANC)
youths set this country aflame, and widespread unrest drew more outside attention to the tragic oppression of the country's majority black population
British control of the entire territory of southern Africa was secured (1899-1902)
Boer War
An african tribe settled in the east and south, led by King Shaka
and Afrikaner commando leader of the Zulus, defeated in the battle of Blood River
King Shaka
"separateness" in Afrikaans
the descendants of Dutch and French settlers of southern Africa
a system in which raw ower occupies the pursuits of political leaders and factions, and constitutional rules are manipulated for individual gain
the 2nd President of Nigeria's Fourth Republic
Yar' Adua
tried to restore democracy in the late 1970's first leader of the Fourth Republic the one leader who could lead Nigeria out of its deep crisis
ruled Nigeria with an iron fist, executed Ken Saro-Wiwa and eight other activists who had sought to raise international attention to the plight of an ethnic group in the southeast
Nigerian leader who was one of Nigeria's most dictatorial and despised military leaders
the Eastern region of Nigeria proclaimed independence, starting a civil war
Republic of Biafra
in exchange for the right to exercise its hegemony over the state and the population, the dominant party provides benefits to the country's main ethnic or religious groups
Hegemonic Exchange
these men articulated philosophies of independence, self-reliance, and economic development for African colonies
Kenyatta, Nkrumah
the use of state offices as "prebends" for creating wealth and gain for individuals and their ethnic brethren
gulated European colonization and trade in Africa during the New Imperialism period, and coincided with Germany's sudden emergence as an imperial power.
1884 Berlin Conference
presidential-parliamentary system, involves a mixture of presidential authority, a prime minister responsible to the Parliament, and a weak but important legislature
France's Fifth Republic
a parliamentary system with a ceremonial presidency and a bicameral legislature
France's Fourth Republic
What is Liberalism?
liberal form of government - democracy and human rights

classical liberalism

new liberalism

liberalism, conservatis and Americanism

Key Liberal Thinkers

Hugo Grotius

John Locke

Adam Smith

Immanuel Kant

Woodrow Wilson

Basic Tenets of Liberalims
Human nature is basically good

States are pluralist actors
Other key actors: IGO, NGO, MNCs

Role if International Law

International politics is a variable sum game

Cooperation is possible

Democratic Peace Theory - an application of liberalism
Immanuel Kant

Democracies do not go to war with other democracies

Qualities of a Liberal democracy
*Elected officials
*free and fair elections
*inclusive suffrage
*right to run for office
*freedom of expression
*alternative information
*associational autonomy

Necessary Conditions for Liberal Democracy
The logic of Equality (Dahl 1998, 1989(
Favorable Conditions for Democracy
Economic development
*Political leaders committed to the promotion of democracy
*A politically independent - merit based bureaucracy
*A vibrant civil society capable of imposing checks on the state

Freedom House Index

the democratic standstill

3 components of the Democratic Peace

Normative explanation

institutional explanation

Economic explanation

Strongly supported emplirically
*Russett: "one of the strongest nontrivial or nontautological statements that can be made about international relations
*Levy - as close as anything we have to an empiral law in international relations

*One scholar: the Democratic Peac Theory is an empirical law

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