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European History French Revolution 8


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Red mass
The killings in Paris by guillotine which were regularily viewed by thousands.
those who supported more relaxed policies than those that the revolutionary tribunal was advocating
Louis de Sant-Just
Robespierre’s left hand man, a big proponent of the terror.
Antoine Fouquier Tinville
Prosecuting attorney for the revolutionary tribunal, tried Danton’s case.
22 Prairial
Passed in June of 1794, the 22 Prairial increased the number of people who could be regarded as “public enemies” and expedited the process by which they could be condemned to death.
Describe Paris during the reign of terror. How were the executions conducted? How did the public react? How did the condemned meet their death?
Anyone suspected of being anti-revolutionary in the slightest was sent to the guillotine. They were usually brought in front of a revolutionary tribunal and given an unfair trial where they were pronounced guilty and sentenced to death by guillotine. Many of the public liked watching the executions, however the residents of the neighborhoods where the guillotine was set up weren’t happy because of the stench of dried blood that eventually stunk up the neighborhood. The condemned met their death in different ways, some were calm, some fainted on the way, some tore off their clothes in rage.
How did the revolutionary leaders attempt to suppress the Christianity? How successful were their efforts?
They revolutionary leaders condemned the celibacy of the clergy, changed street names that had previously been named after Christian saints, created a new calendar, endorsed the destruction of Church crucifixes, collection plates and other church ornaments, held “festivals of reason” in churches (which were called “temples of reason”) with “goddesses of reason” (actresses dressed in the tricolor). These efforts drew a mixed reaction much like the Constitution of the Clergy. The workers especially weren’t happy with the new calendar which allowed for only one day of rest every ten, instead of every seven.
What led to the arrest of Danton? How did he react when he heard of his impending arrest?
Danton had advocated tolerance towards religion and moderation in politics, which were against what the Committee of Public Safety was advocating. Danton knew he was going to be arrested and could have escaped, however stayed in his home, even walking out of his house to greet the patrol that was coming for him.
Describe the trial and execution of Danton.
During his trial Danton gave long speeches and ignored the judge’s bell which was to call to him to order. He demanded the right to call witnesses and refused to allow the trial to continue without them. A letter written by Saint-Just and presented to the court was admitted as evidence that Danton and his friends who were on trial with him were guilty. The same day the verdict was handed down, Danton and 17 friends were taken to the Guillotine. Danton was the last one to be executed, he said before he died, “don’t forget to show my head. It’s well worth having a look at.”
Who were the victims of the guillotine?
The victims of the guillotine were the hundreds of innocent people who were killed during the terror. Most were a result of the lax justice system the revolutionary tribunal was using that advocated sentencing someone to death with little evidence of their guilt.

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