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European History Chapter 15, Section 2

Terms

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the multinational state formed by the Communist govt in Russia
USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics)
Lenin's economic plan that allowed small business to reopen, but state controlled all else
NEP (New Economic Policy)
Stalin's search and execution of rival party leaders who he thought were plotting against him
Great Purge
a group that aided communist groups around the world
Comintern (Communist International)
an economy in which the govt officials make all the basic decisions
command economy
large farms owned and operated by peasants as a group
collectives
wealthy peasant
kulak
Why did Lenin think compromise between Capitalism and Communism was necessary?
This helped end resistance to his govt and helped the economy recover.
How did Lenin make a compromise between the ideas of capitalism and communism?
he allowed small businesses and allowed peasants to sell their own surplus crops.
What were the goals of Stalin's five-year plans?
he wanted to build up industry, improve transportation and increase farm output;
How did the Soviet command economy under Stalin differ from a capitalist economy?
The Soviet govt owned all businesses and took care of dictating resources. Capitalism is controlled by the free market, and business are owned and operated by individuals.
How did Soviet foreign policy lead to difficult relations with the West?
They spread propaganda against capitalism all around the world, which made the West suspicious.
Were the effects of the five year plans on industry and agriculture similar or different?
Industry increased, agriculture went down.
What were the results of Stalin's five-year plans?
mostly things remained the same or got worse

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