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us hist ch. 20


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"dollar diplomacy"
critics of US imperialism use this to imply that business interests drive US foreign policy
Aftermath of the Spanish-American War
1. Phillipines did not get indepdence. Emilio Agiunaldo led a rebellion in Phillipines against the US. They surrendered but were granted indpendence 1946 2. US insisted that Cuban constitution contain a provision, the Platt Amendment 3. US did not give
Albert Beveridge
Indiana senatore who argued for an imperialist policy on economic grounds
Alfred T. Mahan
Admiral who wanted a US navy power
American business interests looked to Hawaii in the imddle of the 19th century because:
Hawaii's sugar crop
Anti-imperialist league
pointed out the racist assumptions in the belief that native peoples could not govern themselves argued that US policy should not try to protect the investmens of the wealthy
Battle of San Juan Hill
the Battle during Spanish-American war where Roosevelt and his Rough Riders defeat the Spanish and force them to surrender
Boxer Rebellion 1900
group of Chinese nationalists started a violent rebellion against Western people in China
Election of 1896
brought William Mckinley to office
Emilio Aguinaldo
Filipino general fighting the Spanish Becomes first president of Phillipines
Events at the Panama Canal
1. Colombia was slow to negotiate with the US 2. US encouraged Panamanians (owned by Columbia) to rebel against Columbia. 3. US warships aided the rebels 4. Panama became independent 5. US gets Panama Canal
Events that led to US participation in the war:
1. Spanish governor Weyler's bad actions towards the Cubans were put into the newspaper (yellow journalism) and made a lot people want to help Cubans 2. The de Lome letter: Enrique Dubuy de Lome(spanish minister to US) critized McKinley for being weak an
Foraker Act 1900
denied US citizenship to Puero Ricans US President can appoint Puerto Rico's overnor and members of the upper house of the legislature
Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty
between Panamanians and US US would get the 10-mile-wide Canal Zone and US would pay the Panamanians
Insular Cases
US Supreme Court ruled that constitutional rights don't necessarily apply to people living in US territories
Josiah Strong
believed in superiority of the Anglo-Saxons - non-white people can't govern themseves.
Open Door Policy
US says that there is free trade in China for all nations; equal access
Platt Amendment
gave the US the right to inteverne in Cuban affairs and to maintain a naval base on the island
a country whose affairs are partly controlled by a stronger country
Queen Lilioukalani
Hawaiian ruler who challenged teh growing power of the planters
Reaons the US entered the imperialist race:
1. industrial development (US needs raw materialist not just from US markets) 2. military considerations (urges for navy and in competition with Europe) 3. social reasons (non-whites can't govern themselves, overseas expansion, Protestants feel responsi
Roosevelt Corollary
extended from Monroe Doctrine any European intervention in Latin America would be seen as a threat and US will intervene if US investments are threatened to protect US interests and investments
spheres of influence
where a particular country has exclusive trading rights
The-Spanish American War
Cuba fighting for independence from Spain for a long time. Us helps Cuba and defeats Spain. Cuba becomes independent mostly fought in the Phillipines (owned by Spanish)
Theodore Roosevelt took office after ___ until ___
after McKinley until 1909
Treaty of Paris 1898
1. Cuba would be independent 2. Guam and Puerto Rico would be US possessions 3. US pays Spain $20 million for the Phillipines
US Businesses were interested in Cuba because:
its Cuban sugar
When was Hawaii annexed by the Us?
Why did US want the Panama Canal?
It connected the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans would make easier trade between Asia and the east coast of US allow faster deployment of US forces
William H. Taft
- Republican and expansionist - US President after Roosevelt
William McKinley
-US President in 1896 -declared US involvement in Spanish-American War -pro-business and expansionist

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