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us hist ch. 23


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The Harding Administration is best known for its policy of ________.
isolationism, it's ties with big business, and it scandals.
Great Migration
half a million blacks moved from the rural South to the urban North in the 1910s
"Red Scare"
US politics move in a more conservative direction Government attempt to expose and punish communists, anarchists, radicals, etc.
Red Scare was characterized by _____.
Palmer Raids = investigations of labor leaders and radicals
As European immigrations increased after WWI, Congress established a quota system with the ________.
Emergency Quota Act (1921) = set quotas for different nationalities based on how many of that nationality lived in the US in 1890 - Discriminating against new immigration groups
Warren Harding
Campaigned for presidnet 1920 Republican promised a "return to normalcy"
Warren Harding's "return to normalcy"
rejection of the activist government of the Progressive era & a call to isolate America from war- and revolution-torn Europe
Washing Naval Conference
When the US called this conference of major powers who had an interst in Asia. Nations agreed to scrap a percentage of their existing battleships, cruisers, and aircraft carriers. 1921
Fordney-McCumber Tariff (1922)
Passed by Congress Raised tariff rates Especialy high on agricultural goods Expression of America's desire to isolate itself from Europe
Teapot Dome Scandal (1921 - 1923)
-During Harding Administration -Involved bribery and transfer or rights to precious oil reserve at Teapot Dome, Wyoming -Demonstrated the administration's shaky ethical foundation
Who came after Harding?
Coolidge's approach to governing
laissez-faire, pro business
Coolidge twiced vetoed the McNary-Haugen Bill, which _____.
Would have provided price supports to struggling farmers
The most contentious foreign relations problem the country faced in the 1920s was ______
International debt
Dawes Plan (1924)
US plan to provide loans to Germany so it could stabilize its currency and continue its reparations payments, which would help England and France to pay off loans to America
Kellogg-Briand Pact (1928)
Outlawed war Reflected US's naive hope to avoid war
Republican ______ call for "a chicken in every pot" tapped into the seeming prosperity of the decade and contributed to his victory"
Herbert Hoover
"Roaring Twenties"
Characterized by a seemingly strong economy
Most significant strikes immediately following WWI, 1919
Seattle general strick and the Boston Police strike
open shops
nonunion workplaces
Frederick Winslow Taylor
Developed the field of scientific management during the 1920s
Henry Ford
Introduced the asssembly line Big contribution to the automobile It was in his interest to keep his employers happy so he doubled their pay cus the assembly line is tiring
Impact of the automobile
1. people didn't hav eot live near an urban core of a surburban train station 2. bigger independence for women and young people 3. reduced sense of isolation for rural families
Installment plans
Allow people to put some money down and pay the rest, with interest, later
Ssacco and Vanzetti
Arrested in 1920 for the murder of a factory paymaster and a guard and for stealing the payroll Found guilty, sent to death penalty
18th Amendment
Banned the manufacture, sale, or transportation of alcoholic beverages (1920)
21st Amendment (1933)
Repealed the 18th Amendment
William Jenings Bryan
Ran for president against McKinley Supported free silver Opposed Social Darwinism
Charles Lindbergh
American pilot who made a solo flight across the Atlantic
"Lost Generation"
American writers who were disgusted by the materialism and small-town provinciality Hemingway, Fitzgerald, Eliot
Harlem Renaissance
Creative outpouring of Black culture, literature, etc. Praised black culture and redefined black expression in world
Marcus Garvey
Black nationalist who wanted blacks to go back to Africa
National Origins Act/Immigration Act of 1924/Johnson-Reed Act
same as the Emergency Quota Act but the percent is different.
Result of the Emergency Quota Act and the National Origins Act:
a dramatic decrease in European immigrants from 1921 utnil 1965 when the Immigration Act ended the national origins quota system

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