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Stand Chord built around
Flatted 5th
notes in-between
cool jazz
cool/west coast
- low key, non dynamics
-medium tmps.
-European influence
-arrangements vs. imrov.

modal jazz
Focuses on scale or mode for the number of measures
Locked hand style
playing melody on piano with both hands.. left standing out more then right hand
voice as sound of music
walking bass line
2 beat style
A shifting of a normal accent, by stressing the unaccented beats.


Double time
going twice as fast
stop time/solo break
When band stops except for one certain instrument that is playing a solo
not reading from music and just playing whatever you want
rising of notes
-From early 1920\'s-1940\'s
-attracted dancers
-less artistic, more functional
-swing eighth note pattern
-big band
-saxophones, bass, cymbals

-Changes jazz
-intellecutual art music
-less popular
-revolutionary and evolutionary
-artistic interprtations

Who made bebop happen?
Charlie Parker with \"yardbird\"
Free Jazz
- Acoustic instruments
- dispenses with melody and steady time keeping
- music with freedom from percent chords

Duke Ellington
- master composer/arranger
- most important jazz composer
- unique talents, use of harmony & instruments
-cross- sectional voicing

Ellingtons 4 writing styles
1. Jungle style = exotic music, written for dancers
2. concertos = featuring soloists & their unique talent
3. impressionistic = musical potraits, picturs, historical pieces, religious pieces
4. popular tunes = 3-min instruments

Johnny Hodges
- most famous sideman
- slide into notes ( portamento)
Count Basie
- born in red bank NJ.
- stranded in kansas, becomes fixture of local scene.
- forms barons of rhythm
- discovered by John Hammond
- stride - style pianist
- swing feel
- riffs

Lester Young
- Tenor sax with Basie band
- smooth swing style
- style modal for \"cool jazz\"
- clear alternative to style of coleman tawkins

Charlie Parker (Bird)
alto sax in kansas city
- created a new system of music
- accenting notes; syncopated phrases
- energetic
- dry biting tone; kansas city influence
- added more harmonies than written

His music: based on pop tune chord progressions, not melodic, catchy, memorized

Thenlonius Monk
- pianist composer
- unorthodox melodies with complex harmonies
- perfectly structured tunes
- irregular order of accents

Lennie Tristano
- pianist/ composer/ bandleader
- created modern jazz alternative
- 1949 = 1st to record in collective \"free jazz\" style
- locked hands style

Lee konitz
- sax student of tristano
- first and only alternative to Charlie Parkers playing style
- changed his style in 1950\'s = more sparse

Miles Davis
- born in East St. loud
- fills in with Easkstine orchestra, meets Bird Diz
- study at Julliard in New York
-1945 = 1st recording session
- middle register
- not afraid to play simply
- expressive
- dramatic

Dave Brubeck
- Pianist/ composer
- international fame in 1950\'s
- avoids sound similar to bebop
- never studied classical piano

John Coltrane
- blues band
- Herion addict
- rough biting approach
- controlled shrieks
- influenced all sax players in 1960
+ \"sheets of sound\"

Sarah Vaughn
- Dark, rich tone
- amazing voice control
- minmal scatting
- Ballads greatest achievements
- \"Body and Soul\"

Deck Info