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term used to describe people and cultures whose ancestry can be traced back to Spain, Portugal, and colonial rule in Latin America (i.e., those with European heritage
describes cultures that can be traced back to indigenous people (e.g., Aztecs, Incas, Mayas, etc.) of Latin America
oily, dark-skinned, and mustachioed bandit who could be found casing mayhem from the early cinema period forward (Yosemite Sam)
Latin Lover
men and women of Latin American decent who were figured as more sensual and sexual that their North American counterparts-typically depicted as emotional and “hot-blooded”
Good Neighbor Policy
a series of deferral initiatives and programs designed to recognized and celebrate U.S. ties with Latin American nations during the 1940s- inspired by need of U.S. to shore up relations with neighboring countries during WWII
Spaghetti Westerns
made in Italy but produced by Hollywood (Sergio Leon-director, who made Mexican bandito as villain and not Native American)
process by which people of the globe are unified into a single society
Soft power of globalization-
leading edge of the U.S. media technologies, which act as a conduit for its cultural exports
Runaway production*-
many U.S. film companies relocate production overseas to exploit cheaper labor, tax breaks, different labor laws, etc.
Belief that one sex is inherently superior to the other
Biological or chromosomal make-up of human beings
social, historical, and cultural roles that we think of as being associated with either the male or female sex
traditionally associated with being small, quiet, passive, emotional, nurturing, non-aggressive, dependent, and weak
traditionally defined as being loud, large, active, possessing non-emotional aggression and strong leadership abilities
stereotype begins to calcify in 1910s- dark, exotic sexually active woman often of another race, ethnicity, or nationality portrayed as a predatory monster who drains men o their money and morals
- defined by a rejection of Victorian notions of femininity Flappers most often young, urban, career-woman who smoked, danced in public, and even had sex out of wedlock
blonde bombshell
(Monroe, Mansfield, etc.) women who are able to stop men their tracks- curvaceous and alluring, but not very bright
homosocial groups
spaces and activities devoted to a single sex Bonding in these groups usually negotiated through competition and aggression
mythic (yet entirely manufactured) icons who epitomize certain aspects of gender, beauty, sexuality, race, and class⬦Offscreen persona overshadows onscreen persona
film noir
depicted heightened sense of masculinity in crisis Noir centers on men who feel trapped by their social and economic situations
Sexploitation cinema
arises as a consequence- defined by large amounts of female nudity and simulated sex scenes
- sexuality
– refers to one’s sexual behavior or sexual orientation.
o Sexual orientation
the deep-seated direction of one’s erotic attractions and desires
o Heterosexism
belief that heterosexuality should be celebrated and privileged because it is the only normal sexual orientation.
⬢ Transgendered
people who may feel as they are born into the wrong body, whose gendered identity does no match their outward biological sex (historically referred to as transsexuals in medical industry – a term which many in the community object).
⬢ Transvestite
person who derives pleasure from cross-dressing (importantly, not all Transgendered people are transvestites and vice versa).
⬢ Intersexed
people who biologically exhibit sex organs and/or sexual characteristics of both sexes.
are two main models of sexual orientation:
biological,social constructionist
sexual orientation: biological
which means that sexuality is hardwired from birth
sexual orientation: social constructionist
, implying that people are shaped into heterosexuals, homosexuals, or other sexualities.
o Homophobia
extreme hatred, fear, and bigotry toward non-heterosexuals.
o Queer
a term that refers collectively to all of the various non-procreative identities.
o Pansy stereotype
male homosexual coded effeminate, typically made manifest by men acting like women
⬢ Connotative Homosexuality
implying sexual orientation rather than stating it outright – specific formal codes and stereotypical markers developed to help audiences identify certain characters as gay. • Villains, criminals, and monsters often depicted as sexual perverts.

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