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SS-WWII Events

Terms

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Okinawa
in savage close-quarter fighting United States marines and regular army troops took the island from the Japanese; considered the greatest victory of the Pacific campaign for the Americans
Kristallnacht
otherwise known as the night of broken glass, the night that the Nazis took over Austria and ransacked thousands of Jewish homes and businesses
Nagasaki
the second of two towns on which Truman authorized the dropping of the atomic bomb
Battle of Britain
a bombardment of London and several other British towns by German aircraft in an attempt to invade Great Britain. the plan failed
Dunkirk
site of the evacuation of a British expeditionary force of over 330,000 men under German fire
Pearl Harbor
a surprise attack by Japan on the U.S. naval base in Hawaii. caused serious damage and pushed the U.S. into the war
Hiroshima
the first of two towns on which Truman authorized the dropping of the atomic bomb
Leningrad
During World War II, Leningrad was surrounded and besieged by the German Wehrmacht, which cut off all supplies going into the city and trapping the people inside
Operation Barbarossa
codename for Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union
Nuremberg Trials
a trail held by the Allied leaders against the Nazi leaders due to the horrors of the Holocaust. 12 leaders were sentenced to death, and thousands more Nazis were convicted of war crimes and crimes against humanity
Operation Overlord
Code Name for D-Day or the Invasion of Normandy
Iwo Jima
a bloody and prolonged operation on the island of Iwo Jima in which American marines landed and defeated Japanese defenders
Battle of the Bulge
a slowed attack by the Allies on Germany due to a shortage of fuel for the trucks. when the Germans attacked it created a 'bulge' in the front lines
D-Day
the day of the invasion of western Europe by Allied forces in World War II.
Auschwitz
a town in south-west Poland: site of Nazi concentration camp during World War II
Midway
kept Japan from attacking Hawaii again
Stalingrad
a city in the European part of Russia on the Volga; site of German defeat in World War II in the winter of 1942
The 1936 Berlin Olympics
a chance for Hitler to show off how efficient and powerful Nazi Germany was
Strategic Bombing
a military strategy used in a WWII where the Allies bombed the Japanese for days on end with the goal of weakening their defenses and bringing them to a surrender (which they never do)
V-E, V-J Days
stands for Victory in the Pacific Day and Victory over Japan Day. officially ended WWII
the "Blitz"
a tactical shift in Hitler's attempt to subdue Great Britain. a period of intense bombing of London and other cities that continued until the following May. For the next consecutive 57 days, London was bombed either during the day or night.
Guernica
German planes, aiding the insurgents in the Spanish civil war, bombed and destroyed Guernica. The indiscriminate killing of women and children aroused world opinion, and the bombing of Guernica became a symbol of fascist brutality. The event inspired one of Picasso's most celebrated paintings.
Munich Conference
a conference between the leaders of Britain, France, Italy, and Germany in which Hitler promised to seek no further territory after Sudetenland if France and Britain promised to appease him

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