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unit 5


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Peter the Great
ruler of russia. belived that his country must westernize i order to be successful
Glorious Revolution
the revolution against James II, A reference to the political events of 1688-1689, when James II abdicated his throne and was replaced by his daughter Mary and her husband, Prince William of Orange.
age of absolutism
Time period where kings and queens ruled domains with total control over their people.
William Harvey
He refined Vesalius ideas and showed that the heart was the beginning of the bloods circulation
Louis XIV
ruler of france, one of the most powerful monarchs of europe ruled for 72 years and was know as the sun king
Absolute monarchy
a monarchy in which the ruler's power is unlimited (32)
constitutional monarchy
constitution that explains the powers of the government and owes allegiance to a monarch
Scientific method
a method of investigation involving observation and theory to test scientific hypotheses
Eugene Delacroix
French romantic painter (1798-1863), French romantic painter, master of dramatic colorful scenes that stirred the emotions. Greatest romantic painters. Fascinated with remote and exotic subjects. Masterpiece: Liberty Leading the People
sun centered (ex: a model of the planets revolving around the sun)
Galileo Galilei
He built the telescope and was the first to make regular observations with it
Miguel de Cervantes
Spanish writer best remembered for 'Don Quixote' which satirizes chivalry and influenced the development of the novel form (1547-1616)
Charles II
King of England and Scotland and Ireland during the Restoration (1630-1685)
left unplowed and unseeded during a growing season
models of the universe based on the assumption that the sun, moon, and planets all orbit Earth
a movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reason in the reappraisal of accepted ideas and social institutions
Age of Reason
a movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reason in the reappraisal of accepted ideas and social institutions
French political philosopher who advocated the separation of executive and legislative and judicial powers
Divine right of kings
god gave kings the right to rule and kings are answerable only to God
Johannaes Kepler
A german mathematician, confirmed the heliocentric theory with observations
French writer who was the embodiment of 18th century Enlightenment (1694-1778)
Nicholas Copernicus
published On the Revolution of theHeavenly Spheresin 1543
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
6 year old prodigy. Wrote more than 600 pieces of music. Gained instant celebrity. Died at 35. Music helped define a new style of composition
John Locke
an English philosopher who believed the government had a duty to protect certain natural rights and should only stayin power if they do so (from enlightenment)
scientific revolution
an era between 16th and 18th centuries when scientists began doing research in a new way using the scientific method
English Bill of Rights
Guaranteed certain rights to English citizens. Introduced the concept of individual rights. (1689)
Charles I
king of the Franks and Holy Roman Emperor
English civil War
civil war in England between the Parliamentarians and the Royalists under Charles I
Frederick the Great
ruler of prussia. Centeralized the government and put it under his control
William and Mary
King and Queen of England in 1688. With them, King James' Catholic reign ended. As they were Protestant, the Puritans were pleased because only protestants could be office-holders.
Johann Sebastian Bach
German baroque organist and contrapuntist
Oliver Cromwell
English general and statesman who led the parliamentary army in the English Civil War (1599-1658)
Thomas Hobbes
claimed that without government, human beings would compete for territory, resources, and power
Isaac Newton
difined the laws of motion and gravity.

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