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Unit 5 Terms

Terms

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absolute monarchy
a monarchy in which the ruler's power is unlimited.
john locke
English empiricist philosopher who believed that all knowledge is derived from sensory experience (1632-1704)
enlightenment
a movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reason in the reappraisal of accepted ideas and social institutions
divine right of kings
believed that they where chose by God to be in the postion they are today!
eugene delacroix
French romantic painter (1798-1863)
fallow
left unplowed and unseeded during a growing season!
johann sebastian bach
German baroque organist and contrapuntist
english civil war
civil war in England between the Parliamentarians and the Royalists under Charles I
Geocentric
Belief, that the earth was the center of the solar system!
english bill of rights
King William and Queen Mary accepted this document in 1689. It guaranteed certain rights to English citizens and declared that elections for Parliament would happen frequently. By accepting this document, they supported a limited monarchy, a system in which they shared their power with Parliament and the people.
william harvey
English physician and scientist who described the circulation of the blood
helicoentric
Belief, that the sun was the center of the solar system!
age of reason
a movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reason in the reappraisal of accepted ideas and social institutions
galileo galilei
Italian astronomer and mathematician who was the first to use a telescope to study the stars
louis XIV
The French King who built the palace at versailles, The longest standing King of France "Sun King",, One of the most powerful monarchs of Europe, ruling 72 years. He was famous for his quote,"I am the state." Moved capital to Versailles which became a symbol of power.
miguel de cervantes
Spanish writer best remembered for 'Don Quixote' which satirizes chivalry and influenced the development of the novel form (1547-1616)
issac newton
made three laws of motion
wolfgang amadeus mozart
prolific Austrian composer and child prodigy
nicolaus copernicus
suggested that the sun, not Earth, was the center of our solar system (heliocentric)
montesquieu
French political philosopher who advocated the separation of executive and legislative and judicial powers (1689-1755)
oliver cromwell
leader of the commonwealth army
charles I
king of the Franks and Holy Roman Emperor
glorious revolution
A reference to the political events of 1688-1689, when James II abdicated his throne and was replaced by his daughter Mary and her husband, Prince William of Orange.
johannes kepler
proved elliptical orbits
scientific method
a method of investigation involving observation and theory to test scientific hypotheses.
charles II
King of England and Scotland and Ireland during the Restoration (1630-1685)
constitutional monarchy
constitution that explains the powers of the government and owes allegiance to a monarch.
william and mary
joint monarchs of England
Scientific Revolution
an era between 16th and 18th turies when scientists began dcenoing research in a new way using the scientific method.
frederick the Great
King of Prussia who used the army to strengthen the nation's powers.
thomas hobbes
English materialist and political philosopher who advocated absolute sovereignty as the only kind of government that could resolve problems caused by the selfishness of human beings (1588-1679)
voltaire
French writer who was the embodiment of 18th century Enlightenment (1694-1778)
peter the great
St. Petersburg. Modernized Russia.
age of absolutism
Time period where kings and queens ruled domains with total control over their people.

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