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Principles vs. Standards
PRINCIPLES=Aspirational (6), underlying principles that should direct the bx of psychologists: Competence, Integrity, Professional/Scientific Responsibility, Respect of Rights & Dignity, Concern for Others' Welfare, Social Respnosibility; STANDARDS=Enforceable Rules (8), specific guidelines to which the bx of psychologists can be held
Consultation vs. Supervision vs. Training vs. Referring Out
CONSULTATION: if psychologist is somewhat familiar with area/disorder but no an expert or has concerns re: objectivity; SUPERVSION: when psychologist is applying newly learned technique or beginning to work w/specialized population (not yet ready to practice independently in the area); TRAINING: vital when psychologist is unfamiliar with certain area of knowledge and usually followed by supervision; REFERRING OUT: approporiate if objectivity is lacking or therapist lacks competence in certain area
Multiple Relationships vs. Bartering
MULTIPLE RELATIONSHIPS: acceptable if unfeasible to avoid social/nonprofessional contact but not if it harms objectivity or exploits pt; BARTERING: should ordinarily refrain from bartering b/c of inherent potential for conflict, acceptable only if it is not contraindicated and not exploitative
May be solicited and used only under certain narrowly prescribed situations; can never be solicited from current pts or previous pts who are vulnerable to undue influence
Elements of Informed Consent
1. Pt has capacity to consent, 2. Pt has been given all relevant information, 3. Pt has given consent freely and w/o "undue influence," 4. Consent has been documented
Sex with Patients vs. Treating Former Sexual Partners
Psychologists may NEVER engage in sex with current pts and they may NEVER treat previous sexual partners; they may not have sex with a former pt unless at least 2 YEARS have passed and under the "most unusual circumstances"
Subpoena vs. Court-Order
SUBPOENAS: usually issued by attorneys and can be a subpoena alone (requiring therapist to appear) or a subpoena duces tecum (requiring therapist to appear with records)--in latter case, therapist should contact pt and seek permission to release records, w/o permission, appear at designated location and assert privilege on pt's behalf; COURT-ORDER: signed by judge, therapist must comply or be held in contempt of court
Court-Appointed Evaluation vs. Court-Ordered Therapy
COURT-APPOINTED EVAL: psychologist has been retained by court to evaluate a defendant, results will be shared w/court and confidentiality is wavied, no signed release of info is needed but informed consent is neessary before eval; COURT-ORDERED TX: court has ordered defendant to seek tx as condition of sentence, psychologist must clarify court requirements and discuss w/pt for informed consent, must have release to communicate w/court
Expert Witness
Must have relevant knowledge of the legal system, as well as knowledge of the domain to be presented in court; must be recognized as an expert witness by the court before testifying as such
Child Custody Evaluation
The focus is on parenting capacity, the psychological and developmental needs of the child, and the resulting fit; role of psychologist is as professional expert who strives to maintain an impartial, objective stance; psychologist must avoid multiple relationships (no tx with participants); must obtain informed consent from all participants; must use multiple methods of info gathering; must not give opinion regarding psych fx of indvl not personally evaluated
Formal vs. Informal Resolution of Colleagues' Misconduct
Must consider type of offense committed, severity of the offense, and who provided the information; must protect ct's confidentiality above all; minor offense-discuss w/colleague, major offense-report to baord; time frame on filing complaints=1 year for APA members, 5 years for laypublic

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