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Ch 9 Law/Ethics of Health Careers


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affirmative action
Programs that use goals and quotas to provide preferential treatment for minority persons determined to have been underutilized in the past.
Chemical Hygiene Plan
The Standard for Occupational Exposures to Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories, which clarifies the handling of hazardous chemicals in medical laboratories.
Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act (CLIA)
Federal statutes passed in 1988 that established minimum quality standards for all laboratory testing.
Prejudiced, or prejudicial outlook, action, or treatment.
A concept of employment whereby either the employer or the employee can end the employment at any time, for any reason.
General Duty Clause
A section of the Hazard Communication Standard stating that any equipment that may pose a health risk must be specified as a hazard.
Hazard Communication Standard (HCS)
An OSHA standard intended to increase health care practitioners' awareness of risks, improve work practices and appropriate use of personal protective equipment, and reduce injuries and illnesses in the workplace.
just cause
An employer's legal reason for firing an employee.
Medical Waste Tracking Act
The federal law that authorizes OSHA to inspect hazardous medical wastes and to cite offices for unsafe or unhealthy practices regarding these wastes.
Occupational Exposure to Bloodborne Pathogen Standard
The authority by which OSHA can levy fines, based on guidelines of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
Established by the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, the act enforces compulsory standards for health and safety in the workplace.
public policy
The common law concept of wrongful discharge.
right-to-know laws
State laws that allow employees access to information about toxic or hazardous substances, employer duties, employee rights, and other workplace health and safety issues.
surety bond
A type of insurance that allows employers, if covered, to collect up to the specified amount of the bond if an employee embezzles or otherwise absconds with business funds.
workers' compensation
A form of insurance established by federal and state statute that provides reimbursement for workers who are injured on the job.
wrongful discharge
A concept established by precedent that says an employer risks litigation if he or she does not have just cause for firing an employee.

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