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GRE words

Terms

undefined, object
copy deck
n fell
cut or knock down (a tree or a person); bring down (with a missile)
s dominate
control; rule; enjoy a commanding position in; overlook from a height; ³»·Á´Ùº¸´Ù
n obituary
death notice (esp. in a newspaper); ADJ.
pithy
concise and meaningful; substantial; meaty
n ruddy
reddish; (of the face) reddish and healthy-looking
s damn
condemn; criticize severely; condemn to everlasting punishment; doom; bring to ruin; N. damnation
proletarian
member of the working class; blue collar guy; N. proletariat: working class (who have to work for wages)
n comport
bear one's self; behave; Ex. comport oneself; N. comportment
s monogram
design composed of one or more initials of a name; V.
exorbitant
(of costs or demands) excessive; exceeding reasonable bounds
propellant(propellent)
substance which propels or drives forward (such as an explosive charge or a rocket fuel)
n horde
crowd; swarm
n conundrum
riddle; difficult problem
n furtive
stealthy; quiet and secret (trying to escape notice); sneaky; Ex. furtive glance
s swear
vow; promise; use profane oaths; use offensive words
n mirth
merriment; laughter
misogamy
hatred of marriage
n seethe
be violently disturbed; boil; (of a liquid) move about wildly as if boiling; Ex. The nation was seething with discontent.
n glut
overstock; fill beyond capacity (with food); fill to excess; N: oversupply
armada
fleet of warships
n striated
marked with parallel bands; striped; grooved; Ex. striated rocks; V. striate; N. stria: thin groove or line
efficacy
power to produce desired effect; ADJ. efficacious: effectual
impiety
irreverence; lack of respect for God or piety
acetic
vinegary
n sever
separate; cut off (a part) from a whole; break up (a relationship); N. severance; CF. severance pay: extra pay given an employee upon leaving a position
refulgent
effulgent; brilliant; brightly shining; gleaming; Ex. refulgent moon
s significant
expressing a meaning; important; Ex. significant smile; N. significance: importance; meaning; V. signify: denote; mean; signal; make known; matter; be significant
s resurrect
revive
grandiloquent
(of a person or speech) using high sounding or important-sounding language; pompous; bombastic
s career
rush wildly; go at full speed
n lachrymose
producing tears; tearful
petty
trivial; unimportant; very small; small-minded; petty-minded
polity
(particular form of) political organization; form of government of nation or state; Ex. student polity
erode
eat away; wear away gradually by abrasion; Ex. The sea erodes the rocks.
s infest
inhabit in numbers large enough to be harmful; Ex. Mice infested the house; Ex. shark-infested waters
bequeath
leave to someone by means of a will; hand down in his will; N. bequest
n gusto
eager enjoyment; zest; enthusiasm
n elixir
cure-all; panacea; something invigorating
n shard
fragment generally of broken pottery (glass, clay bowl, or cup)
s fancy
imagination (of a whimsical or fantastic nature); capricious liking; V: imagine; be fond of; ADJ. decorative; elaborate
adamant
hard; inflexible
n promiscuous
mixed indiscriminately; indiscriminate; not choosing carefully; indiscriminate in the choice of sexual partners; irregular, particularly sexually; Ex. promiscuous life/girl; N. promiscuity
n tonsure
shaving of the head especially by person entering religious orders; V.
n rant
speak violently or excitedly; rave; talk excitedly showing anger; scold; make a grandiloquent speech; Ex. The priest ranted about the devil.
n glaze
cover with a thin and shiny surface; apply a glaze to; N: thin, smooth, shiny coating (as for pottery); Ex. unglazed pottery
n torrent
rushing stream; flood; Ex. The rain fell in torrents.
n impeccable
faultless
s ecosystem
ecological community together with its environment
decorum
propriety; orderliness and good taste in manners; appropriateness of behavior or conduct
s voluptuous
sensual; of or giving sensual pleasure; indulging in sensual pleasures; Ex. voluptuous lines; Ex. voluptuous life of the Romans; N. voluptuary: voluptuous person
n guffaw
boisterous laughter; V.
n palpitate
throb; beat rapidly; flutter; tremble; Ex. Her heart began to palpitate.
founder
person who establishes (an organization or business)
satire
form of literature in which irony, sarcasm, and ridicule are employed to attack human vice and folly
affiliation
joining; associating with
appease
pacify or soothe; Ex. appease a crying baby; N. appeasement
monotony
sameness leading to boredom; monotonousness; ADJ. monotonous; CF. monotone
n surrogate
substitute; person or thing used in place of another; Ex. surrogate mother; ADJ.
n madrigal
pastoral song; song for several singers without instruments
n relic
surviving remnant (from an extinct culture); memento; keepsake; relics: corpse; Ex. ancient relics; Ex. relics of his travel; Ex. His relics are buried at X.
n mercurial
capricious; quick and changing; fickle; containing the element mercury; Ex. mercurial temper; CF. mood
belittle
disparage; depreciate
s stink
stench; V: emit a strong foul odor
n quorum
minimal number of members necessary to conduct a meeting
inept
unsuited; inappropriate; lacking skill; incompetent; CF. inapt: (of statements or ideas) inappropriate
s forward
presumptuous or bold
composure
mental calmness
condole
express condolences; N. condolence: sympathy for someone who has experienced great sorrow
incarcerate
imprison
s rivet
metal pin used for fastening metal plates together; V: fasten with a rivet; engross
n dross
waste matter; worthless impurities
s helm
steering wheel of a ship; position of control
humid
damp; N. humidity
prelude
introduction; introductory performance or event; forerunner
pretext
excuse
economy
efficiency or conciseness in using something; thrifty management of resources
n die
metal block used for shaping metal or plastic; device for stamping or impressing; mold; CF. dice
peregrination
journey; V. peregrinate
conjugal
pertaining to marriage
acrophobia
fear of heights
n effluvium
noxious(harmful) smell
compilation
listing of information in tabular or book form; compiling
n mettle
courage (to continue bravely in spite of difficulties); spirit; ADJ. mettlesome
cleave
split or sever; cling to; remain faithful to; N. cleavage; ADJ. cloven
s exact
demand and obtain by force; Ex. exact a promise from him; N. exaction
premise
assumption; postulate; proposition upon which an argument is based
n bolster
support; reinforce
facsimile
copy
acidulous
slightly sour (in taste or manner); sharp; caustic
n anathema
solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse; V. anathematize
intellect
higher mental powers; person of great intellectual ability
s chaplain
clergyman attached to a chapel
timorous
fearful; timid; demonstrating fear
n capillary
having a very fine bore; resembling a hair; fine and slender; Ex. capillary attraction; N: very fine hairlike tube; CF. capillarity
rebuke
scold harshly; criticize severely
import
significance; importance; meaning
exposure
risk, particularly of being exposed to disease or to the elements; unmasking; act of laying something open; Ex. exposure of governmental corruption
n factitious
artificial; produced artificially; sham; false; Ex. factitious tears
abolish
cancel; put an end to
n myriad
very large number; ADJ. CF. ten thousand
n rile
irritate; vex; muddy
n machinations
evil schemes or plots; schemes or plots to achieve an evil end; V. machinate
invective
abuse
n potpourri
heterogeneous mixture; medley; mixture of dried flower petals a pot (to give a pleasant smell to a room)
n epitaph
inscription in memory of a dead person (as on a tombstone)
reimburse
repay; pay back
s chaperon
older person who accompanies and supervises a young unmarried woman
n perpetrate
commit an offense; do (something wrong)
n gerrymander
change voting district lines in order to favor a political party; N. CF. Elbridge Gerry + (sala)mander
n boorish
rude; insensitive
n saturnine
morose; gloomy; Ex. Do not be misled by his saturnine countenance.
accessible
easy to approach; obtainable
retrospective
looking back on the past; N. retrospection; V. retrospect
n apotheosis
elevation to godhood; an ideal example of something
primordial
existing at the beginning (of time); rudimentary
contest
dispute; argue about the rightness of; compete for; try to win; Ex. contest the election results; Ex. contest a seat in Parliament; N.
prune
cut away; trim
s florescence
condition or period of flowering
ultimate
final; not susceptible to further analysis; fundamental; Ex. The sun is the ultimate source of energy.
s jurisdiction
right and power to apply the law; authority
despoil
plunder; sack; Ex. despoil the village
s haunt
(of a spirit) visit (a place); come to mind continually; visit (a place) regularly; frequent; Ex. haunted house; Ex. haunted by his last words; N: place much frequented
n hummock
small hill; hillock
dauntless
bold; fearless
n herpetologist
one who studies reptiles; CF. herpetology: branch of zoology that deals with reptiles and amphibians
n marred
damaged; disfigured; V. mar: spoil; disfigure
omnipotent
all-powerful; having unlimited power
affliction
state of distress; trial; cause of distress or suffering; V. afflict: inflict grievous suffering on
acclimate
adjust to climate or environment; adapt
s crave
desire; want intensely
frail
weak; N. frailty
optimist
person who looks on the bright side; N. optimism
n mollify
soothe an angry person
antagonism
hostility; active opposition; V. antagonize: cause to become an enemy; N. antagonist: person who is opposed to another; opponent; adversary; principal character in oppostion to the protagonist
concentric
having a common center
s shoot
new growth from a plant
invulnerable
incapable of injury; impossible to damage or injure
n prude
excessively modest or proper person (who is easily shocked by improper things, esp. of a sexual nature); N. prudery; ADJ. prudish: excessively concerned with propriety
discredit
defame; disgrace; destroy confidence in; disbelieve; N. CF. discreditable: causing discredit; shameful
fallible
liable to err
lucid
easily understood; clear; intelligible; N. lucidity
n jostle
shove; bump; push against (someone) rather roughly; Ex. jostled by the crowds
misanthrope
one who hates mankind; misanthropist
n ravine
narrow valley with steep sides; gorge; CF. gully, canyon
n musty
stale (in odor or taste); spoiled by age; CF. moist
carillon
a set of bells (often in a tower) capable of being played
obtuse
blunt; not sharp; stupid; slow in understanding
solvent
able to pay all depths; N. solvency
accommodate
oblige or help someone; adjust or bring into harmony; adapt; make enough space for; ADJ. accommodative; CF. accomodating: helpful and obliging
destitute
extremely poor; lacking means of subsistence; utterly lacking; devoid; Ex. destitute of any experience
s cadet
student at a military school
s clasp
hold firmly within arms
n iridescent
exhibiting rainbowlike colors; Ex. iridescent oil slick; N. iridescence
secular
worldly; not pertaining to church matters or religion; temporal
n sluice
artificial channel for directing or controlling the flow of water (with a gate to regulate the flow)
immutable
unchangeable
s sonic
of sound or its speed in air; CF. subsonic, supersonic
meager
scanty; inadequate
atrocity
brutal deed; ADJ. atrocious
n strut
supporting bar; CF. airplane wingÀ̳ª building µîÀ» support
n extrude
force or push out; thrust out; shape (plastic or metal) by forcing through a die
n gourmand
epicure; person who takes excessive pleasure in food and drink
n blowhard
talkative boaster; braggart
n peon
landless agricultural worker; bond servant; menial worker; N. peonage
elope
run away secretly with the intention of getting married
galaxy
large isolated system of stars, such as the Milky Way; collection of brilliant personalities
phoenix
symbol of immortality or rebirth; Ex. phoenix rising from its ashes
tremulous
trembling; wavering
check
stop motion; curb or restrain
s disproportion
lack of proportion (between the parts); ADJ. disproportionate
n stint
supply; allotted amount of work; assigned portion of work; limitation; Ex. two-year stint in the army; Ex. without stint
derogatory
expressing a low opinion; disparaging; V. derogate: detract; disparage
s merit
deserve; ADJ. meritorious: deserving reward or praise
cloister
monastery or convent
criteria
standards used in judging; CF. criterion
n dictum
authoritative and weighty statement (made by a judge in court); saying; maxim; CF. obiter dictum: incidental, nonbinding remark (something said in passing)
reprove
censure; rebuke; N. reproof
conscript
draftee; person forced into military service; V.
obsolete
outmoded; no longer used
s threat
sign or warning (of coming danger); Ex. threat of rain; V: express a threat; give warning of (something bad); Ex. The cloud threatens rain.
s havoc
widespread damage; disorder; chaos
s pretension
pretentiousness; claim (without foundation); Ex. I make no pretensions to skill as an artist.
n carafe
glass water bottle; decanter
s detain
keep waiting; prevent from leaving or going; N. detention
disinclination
unwillingness
s coax
persuade by flattery
solvent
substance that dissolves another; ADJ: capable of dissolving another substance
detonation
explosion
inadvertently
unintentionally; by oversight; carelessly
s menace
threat; V: threaten
exiguous
small in amount; minute
s strangle
kill by choking or suffocating; suppress
swindler
cheater
decant
pour off gently (wine or liquid)
n libretto
text of an opera or oratorio; CF. book
s healthful
conducive to good health; Ex. healthful mountain air
compact
agreement; contract; ADJ: tightly packed; firm; brief; concise; Ex. compact statement
amenable
obedient; compliant; readily managed; responsive; willing to be led; answerable or accountable legally; responsible; able to be tested by; Ex. amenable to sensible suggestions; Ex. He is very amenable; Ex. amenable to the usual tests
n disarray
state of disorder; a disorderly or untidy state; Ex. with her clothes in disarray
s taunt
deride or provoke; challenge in derision; N.
recipient
receiver
capacious
spacious
embryonic
undeveloped; rudimentary; N. embryo: organism in the early stage of development
n prevaricate
lie; hide the truth (by equivocating)
n spat
squabble; minor dispute; minor quarrel
n putrid
decayed and foul-smelling; foul; rotten; decayed; N. putridity
friction
clash or conflict in opinion; rubbing against
exonerate
acquit; exculpate; free from blame or guilt
fortitude
bravery; courage; strength of mind
s scraps
leftover food
n manifestation
outward demonstration; manifesting; indication of the presence of something; Ex. manifestation of his pronounced musical bent
saturate
soak thoroughly; imbue; impregnate; charge; fill to capacity
n menial
suitable for servants; lowly; mean; N: someone who does menial work (esp. servant in a house)
tyranny
oppression; cruel government; ADJ. tyrannical: of a tyrant or tyranny; despotic; V. tyrannize: treat tyrannically; oppress
s putrefy
make or become putrid; N. putrefaction
immune
resistant to; free or exempt from; N. immunity
stringent
(of rules) binding; rigid; marked by scarcity of money; Ex. stringent economic conditions
s maraud
move in search of plunder; Ex. marauding army
remission
temporary moderation (of disease symptoms); remitting of a debt or punishment; cancelation of a debt; pardon; Ex. The disease went into remission; Ex. Christians pray for the remission of sins.
n fleece
wool coat of a sheep; V: shear the fleece from; rob by a trick; swindle; plunder
ascribe
refer; attribute; assign
n crone
hag; ugly old woman
n laity
laypersons; laymen; persons not connected with the clergy
n dank
damp; unpleasantly wet
s leash
restraining rope fastened to the collar of an animal (to control it); Ex. a dog on a leash
asteroid
small planet
n archipelago
group of closely located islands
n odious
arousing strong dislike; hateful(causing hatred); vile
papyrus
ancient paper made from stem of papyrus plant
ascetic
practicing self-denial; avoiding physical pleasures and comforts; austere; Ex. ascetic life of Buddhist monks; N. asceticism
s meter
arrangement of words in the form of poetry (by accentual rhythm)
treatise
article treating a subject systematically and thoroughly
n prosody
art of versification; study of the metrical structure of verse
n halting
hesitant; faltering; not fluent; Ex. halting steps/voice; V. halt: proceed or act with uncertainty; falter; hesitate; waver; stop
decadence
decay; fall to a lower level (of morality, civilization, or art); ADJ. decadent
n cadence
rhythmic rise and fall (of words or sounds); beat; regular beat of sound; rhythm
implode
burst inward; CF. vaccum tube
s plaster
paste that hardens to a smooth solid and is used for coating walls; V.
subsidiary
serving to assist; subordinate; secondary; of a subsidy; N.
s repose
resting; state of being at rest; calmness; V: lie at rest; relax; put or place; Ex. repose our hopes in a single man
annals
records arranged in yearly parts; history
bantering
joking talk; good-naturedly ridiculing; N.V. banter
disputatious
argumentative; fond of argument
indolent
lazy
n fray
brawl; fight; V: wear away or unravel by rubbing; have loose threads developing; cause to become worn out (a person's temper or nerves); CF. rub
exacerbate
worsen; aggravate; embitter
arcade
a covered passageway usually lined with shops
n pigment
coloring matter (usually powder to be mixed with water or oil)
n ignominy
deep disgrace; shame or dishonor; ADJ. ignominious; Ex. ignominous defeat
reconnaissance
survey of enemy by soldiers; reconnoitering; V. reconnoiter: make a preliminary inspection of (esp. to gather military information)
paramour
illicit lover
s hereafter
life after death
n taut
tight; strained; tense; ready; OP. slack
insightful
discerning; perceptive
avert
prevent; avoid; turn away (eyes or thought); Ex. An accident was averted by his quick thinking; Ex. She averted her eyes from the terrible sight.
n skulduggery(skullduggery)
dishonest behavior or action; Ex. skulduggery in the election
s callus
area of thick hard skin
s plumber
one who installs and repairs pipes and plumbing(pipes)
carnal
fleshly; sensual; concerning the desires of the body
n postulate
self-evident truth; something assumed without proof; V: assume the truth of (as a basis of an argument)
n nip
snip off; stop something's growth or development; bite; make numb with cold; Ex. nip the plan; Ex. A guard dog nipped the postman; Ex. fingers nipped by the extreme chill
cipher
nonentity; worthless person or thing; zero; secret code; V.
momentous
very important; N. moment; CF. momentary
n nutrient
nourishing substance; ADJ: providing nourishment
s loft
room or space under the roof; attic
gauche
clumsy (in social behavior); coarse and uncouth
n hovel
shack; small wretched house
n mortify
humiliate by embarassing excessively; shame; punish the flesh; discipline (one's body) by self-denial; Ex. mortified by her blunder; Ex. mortify the flesh; CF. cause to die
s mat
not shiny; matte; having a dull finish; N: flat piece of material used as a floor covering; V.
n teetotalism
practice of abstaining totally from alcoholic drinks; N. teetotaler;; ADJ. teetotal; CF. T + total
n ovation
enthusiastic applause
n trough
long narrow container for feeding farm animals; lowest point (of a wave, business cycle, etc.); long narrow depression as between waves
n overweening
arrogant; presumptuous
s flutter
(of a bird with large wings) wave (the wings) lightly, rapidly, and irregularly; vibrate rapidly or erratically; fly by waving quickly; flitter; N.
s rare
(of air) thin in density; rarefied; Ex. rare air of the mountains
s carefree
free from worries; having no problems
n ratiocination
reasoning; act of drawing conclusions from premises; V. ratiocinate: reason logically
aseptic
preventing infection; having a cleansing effect
assail
assault
abdicate
renounce; give up (position, right, or responsibility)
n imprecation
curse; swearword
annuity
yearly allowance
n asinine
stupid; Ex. asinine remarks
apposite
appropriate; fitting
n seine
seine net; net for catching fish
adversary
opponent; enemy
s geriatrics
medical treatment and care of old age
erroneous
mistaken; wrong; incorrect
hypocritical
pretending to be virtuous; deceiving; N. hypocrisy: profession of beliefs one does not possess; CF. hypocrite
podiatrist
doctor who treats ailments of the feet; chiropodist; N. podiatrics
n solecism
nonstandard grammatical construction; construction that is flagrantly incorrect grammatically; violation of social etiquette
immobility
state of being immovable
s discriminate
distinguish; make distinctions on the basis of preference
recant
disclaim or disavow; retract a previous statement; openly confess error; Ex. recant one's faith/a statement
discrepancy
lack of consistency or agreement as between facts; difference; Ex. discrepancy between two descriptions
n lustrous
shining; brilliant; Ex. lustrous hair
n peripatetic
walking about from place to place (to work); moving; Ex. peripatetic school of philosophy
n lilliputian
extremely small; CF. Lilliput in Gulliver's Travels
n requite
make return for; repay; reciprocate; revenge; N. requittal
n fester
rankle; produce irritation or resentment; (of a cut or wound) generate pus or rot; Ex. His insult festered in my mind for days.
n covetous
avaricious; desirous of (someone else's possessions); V. covet: desire eagerly (someone else's possessions)
penitent
repentant; N.
etymology
study of word parts; study of the origins of words
supercilious
haughty; arrogant; condescending; patronizing; CF. eyebrow, cilium
n putative
supposed; reputed; generally regarded as such; Ex. putative father of the child
s chore
daily domestic task (such as cleaning, cooking, and shopping); unpleasant task
decipher
decode; CF. indecipherable
n forbearance
patience; forgiveness; V. forbear: refrain from (in a generous and forgiving way); be patient; Ex. forbear to send him to prison
militant
combative; bellicose; N.
n boon
blessing; benefit; something very helpful
n raiment
clothing; garments; Ex. I have no raiment fit to wear.
default
failure to act; failure to perform a task or be present; V.
n opalescent
iridescent; lustrous; like an opal; N. opalescence
n dogged
determined; stubborn; stubbornly persevering; tenacious; Ex. Inspector Javert's dogged pursuit of Jean Valjean
s habitat
natural home of a plant or animal; CF. habitation
microcosm
small representative world; world in miniature; Ex. microcosm of English society
n dyspeptic
suffering from indigestion; N. dyspepsia: indigestion; difficulty in digesting food
n felicity
happiness; appropriateness (of a remark, choice, etc.); quality of being felicitous
categorical
without exceptions; made without any doubt in mind; unqualified; absolute
n sinecure
well-paid position with little responsibility; CF. sine cure: without care; CF. San Serif
inevitable
unavoidable
automaton
mechanism that imitates actions of humans; machine that works by itself
n foray
raid; sudden raid or military advance; V.
awe
solemn wonder; feeling of respect mixed with wonder and fear; V: fill with awe; ADJ. awesome
n loll
lounge about
actuarial
calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics
n niggle
spend too much time on minor points (esp. when finding fault); find fault; Ex. niggle over details; ADJ. niggling
deluge
flood; rush; V.
n resurge
rise again; flow to and fro; N. resurgence; ADJ. resurgent: (of ideas or beliefs) experiencing revival; surging again
germane
pertinent; bearing upon(having connection with) the case at hand; appropriate
commodious
spacious and comfortable
calumny
malicious misrepresentation; slander
n excerpt
selected passage (written or musical) taken from a longer work; V.
denounce
condemn; criticize; N. denunciation
n holster
leather pistol case (that hangs on a belt around the waist)
n cartographer
map-maker
n bawdy
indecent; obscene; about sex in a rude funny way; CF. bawd
s furrow
long shallow trench made by a plow; deep wrinkle in the skin; V.
deprecate
express disapproval of; deplore; protest against; belittle; ADJ. deprecatory
aphorism
pithy maxim or saying; ADJ. aphoristic
s pilfer
steal things of small value; filch; snitch
n dismiss
eliminate from consideration; no longer consider; put out of court without further hearing; reject; discharge from employment; direct to leave; ADJ. dismissive; N. dismissal
n limpid
crystal clear
psyche
soul; mind
s wage
begin and continue (a war)
s distinctive
clearly different from others of the same kind
s porridge
soft food made by boiling oatmeal
n tarantula
venomous spider
trigger
set off; start
maxim
proverb; truth pithily stated
energize
invigorate; give energy to; make forceful and active
n patois
local or provincial dialect
n limn
draw; outline; describe; CF. line ?
delirium
mental disorder marked by confusion; uncontrolled excitement; ADJ. delirious
idiosyncrasy
individual trait usually odd in nature; behavioral peculiarity; eccentricity; attitude, behavior, or opinion peculiar to a person; anything highly individual or eccentric; ADJ. idiosyncratic
n turpitude
depravity; baseness; Ex. moral turpitude
s shear
remove (fleece or hair) by cutting; remove the hair or fleece from; cut with or as if with shears; N: shears; pair of scissors
licentious
amoral; lewd and lascivious; unrestrained
congruent
in agreement; harmonious; corresponding; coinciding exactly; CF. congruous
decelerate
slow down
n scuffle
struggle confusedly; move off in a confused hurry; N. CF. scuffling twins ?
s interjection
exclamation; Ex. ``Ouch''
s earthly
of this earth; terrestrial; worldly; not divine; possible; Ex. no earthly reason
digression
wandering away from the subject; V. digress
n bard
poet
transcendent
exceeding ordinary limits; superior; surpassing; V. transcend: go beyond; exceed; surpass; N. transcendancy
n disconcert
confuse; upset; embarrass; perturb
s tarnish
make or become dull or discolored; N.
premeditate
plan in advance; Ex. premeditated murder
antecede
precede
omnipresent
universally present; ubiquitous
n spasmodic
fitful; periodic; of or like a spasm; N. spasm: sudden involuntary muscular contraction; sudden burst of energy or emotion
pedagogy
teaching; art of education
n pendulous
hanging; suspended
n factotum
handyman; person who does all kinds of work; CF. do everything
s waver
move or swing back and forth; be uncertain or unsteady in decision or movement; Ex. wavering between accepting and refusing
s glitter
shine brightly with flashing points of light; Ex. glittering diamond ring; N: sparkling light; attractiveness; glamor; Ex. glitter of the sun on the waves
n ramshackle
(of a building or vehicle) poorly constructed; rickety; falling apart
n prompt
cause; urge; provoke; provide a cue (for an actor); ADJ: done without delay; done at the right time; punctual; on time; N: reminder or cue
indifferent
unmoved or unconcerned by; having no interest in; mediocre; neither good nor bad
n outstrip
outrun; surpass; outdo
n hermitage
home of a hermit
n maritime
bordering on(adjacent to) the sea; nautical; of the ships or the sea; Ex. Maritime Provinces
chivalrous
courteous; faithful; brave; N. chivalry
n insouciant
without concern or care; unconcerned; indifferent
rococo
ornate; highly decorated; N. CF. 18th century
impetus
moving force; momentum; force of a moving body; incentive; stimulus; impulse
s righteous
morally upright; just
n mordant
biting; sarcastic; stinging; (apprec.) incisive; cutting; Ex. mordant pen/wit
n unearth
dig up; discover (facts) by careful searching; Ex. He unearthed some secrets about her; OP. conceal
n flippant
lacking proper seriousness; Ex. flippant remarks about death; N. flippancy
compendium
brief, comprehensive summary; ADJ. compendious
n anthology
book of literary selections by various authors; CF. omnibus
converge
approach; tend to meet; come together
s supplicant
one who supplicates; ADJ.
n expostulation
protest; remonstrance; reasoning with someone to correct or dissuade; V. expostulate
n pied
piebald; variegated(many-colored); multicolored
s urgent
compelling immediate action; pressing; persistent; importunate; Ex. urgent in his demands
n sinewy
(of meat) tough; strong and firm; muscular; N. sinew: tendon; strong cord connecting a muscle to a bone
n propinquity
nearness (in space or relationship); proximity; kinship
n smolder
smoulder; burn slowly without flame; be liable to break out at any moment; exist in a suppressed state; Ex. smoldering anger
comestible
something fit to be eaten
n entree(entr\'ee)
entrance; a way in; right to enter; main dish of a meal; Ex. entree into the exclusive circle
s glamor
compelling charm; ADJ. glamorous
s oatmeal
crushed oats used for making porridge
acrimonious
stinging; caustic; bitter in words or manner; N. acrimony: bitter ill-natured animosity in speech or behavior
n finicky
too particular; fussy; difficult to please; too concerned with unimportant details or quality; Ex. finicky about her food
s decrepit
weak and in bad condition from old age or hard use; Ex. decrepit old chair/man
n unctuous
oily; bland; insincerely suave
n canny
shrewd in money matters; thrifty
n ciliated
having minute hairs; CF. cilium; CF. cilia: eyelash
cloying
distasteful (because excessive); excessively sweet or sentimental; V. cloy: become unpleasant through too much sweetness or excess
mode
prevailing style; current fashion; manner; way of doing something; Ex. in the latest mode; Ex. simple mode of life
resilient
elastic; having the power of springing back; able to recover quickly (as from misfortune)
n mural
wall painting
maternal
motherly; N. maternity: motherhood
n bulwark
strong wall built for defense; earthwork or other strong defense; person who defends
n primogeniture
seniority by birth; state of being the first-born child; right of the eldest child (to inherit the entire property of one or both parents)
n avid
greedy; extremely eager for; Ex. avid learner; N. avidity
n archetype
prototype; primitive pattern
avalanche
great mass of falling snow and ice
n tiller
handle used to move boat's rudder (to steer)
s concordat
formal agreement
s patrimony
property inherited from a father
n redoubtable
formidable; causing fear
n respite
time for rest; interval of relief; delay in punishment; reprieve
n diatribe
bitter scolding or denunciation; invective; abuse
n brawn
human muscle; muscular strength; sturdiness
evoke
call forth (memory or feeling); Ex. That old film evoked memories of my childhood; N. evocation
n fluke
unlikely occurrence; stroke of fortune; accidental stroke of good luck; ADJ. fluky
s rolling
(of land) rising and falling in long gentle slopes; happening continuously by stages; Ex. rolling devolution of power to local governments
s hide
skin of an animal
n meek
submissive; patient and long-suffering
enduring
lasting; surviving; V. endure: bear (pain or suffering) for a long time; remain alive (in spite of difficulties); last; survive
n invidious
designed to create ill will or envy; tending to rouse ill will or envy; Ex. invidious comparison
grievance
cause of complaint; complaint
n ashen
ash-colored; deadly pale
s tenancy
possession of land or building by rent; period of a tenant's occupancy
decimate
kill (usually one out of ten or every tenth man); destroy or kill a large part of
n excoriate
scold with biting harshness; censure strongly; strip the skin off
n proselytize
(induce someone to) convert to a religion or belief; N. proselyte: new convert to a doctrine or religion
n ribald
marked by vulgar lewd humor; wanton; profane; N. ribaldry: ribald language or joke
renounce
abandon; give up (by formal announcement); disown; repudiate; Ex. renounce one's claim to the property/one's religion; N. renunciation
hierarchy
arrangement by rank or standing; authoritarian body divided into ranks; body of persons having authority
s legislature
legislating branch of government; CF. legislate: make laws
s inquisitive
eager for knowledge; unduly curious
deranged
insane
n husband
use sparingly; conserve; save; Ex. husband one's energy; CF. house holder
s broil
cook by direct heat; N.
novice
beginner
s debut
d\'ebut; first public appearance; formal presentation of a young woman to society
n suborn
persuade to act unlawfully (especially to commit perjury); N. subornation
cadaverous
like a corpse; pale
perpetuate
make perpetual; make something last for a long time; preserve from extinction; N. perpetuity
n fallow
(of land) plowed but not sowed (to improve the quality); uncultivated
retrieve
recover; put right; find and bring in; regain; Ex. retrieve the situation
s wade
walk through a substance, such as water, that impedes movement
n comeuppance
deserts; well-deserved punishment or misfortune; rebuke
n gratis
free; without charge; ADJ.
n slew
large quantity or number; Ex. slew of errands left
disseminate
distribute; spread; scatter (like seeds)
s malapropos
inappropriate; ADV.
denotation
meaning; distinguishing by name; V. denote: indicate; refer to directly; mean; CF. connotation
n compromise
adjust or settle by making mutual concessions; endanger the interests or reputation of; put into danger, disrepute, or a dishonorable position; Ex. compromise one's principle; N.
reaper
one who harvests grain; Ex. the Grim Reaper; V. reap: cut and gather (crop); harvest a crop
abhor
detest; hate
n genuflect
bend the knee as in worship
n dappled
spotted
n brook
tolerate; endure; Ex. brook no interference; N: small stream
s fermentation
chemical reaction that splits complex organic compounds; unrest; agitation
magniloquent
boastful; pompous
s foul
very bad or disagreeable; very dirty; Ex. foul smell/flavor/temper/language/air/deed/weather/means; N. act against the rules; V. make or become foul; commit a foul
coin
make coins; invent or fabricate (a word or phrase); N. coinage: word or phrase recently invented
accomplice
partner in crime
abusive
coarsely insulting; physically harmful
assiduous
diligent
pachyderm
thick-skinned animal
anodyne
drug that relieves pain or trouble; ÁøÅëÁ¦; opiate; ADJ. Ex. anodyne statement
n mortician
undertaker; CF. death
n scotch
stamp out(put an end to); thwart; hinder; Ex. scotch the rumor; CF. cut; CF. È°µ¿À» ÁÙÀÌ´Â ÀǹÌ
n bemused
confused; lost in thought; preoccupied
n molten
melted; Ex. molten lava
s functional
made for practical use only (without decoration); functioning; Ex. functional modern furniture; CF. functionalism
precept
practical rule guiding conduct; Ex. mother's precept
n maim
mutilate; injure lastingly; disable; cripple; Ex. maimed for life
s inhibited
(of a person) unable to express what one really feels
n frenetic(phrenetic)
frenzied; frantic
n contravene
contradict; oppose; violate (a rule, law, or custom); N. contravention
n dingy
(of things and place) dirty and dull; Ex. dingy street/curtain
n confound
confuse; puzzle
n exasperate
vex; annoy or make angry (by testing the patience)
n drivel
nonsense; foolishness; V: talk nonsense
cynical
skeptical or distrustful of human motives; N. cynicism; CF. cynic: person who believes all people are motivated by selfishness
bovine
cowlike; placid and dull; slow-thinking; calm
aviary
enclosure for birds; large cage
log
record of a voyage or flight; record of day-to-day activities; section of a trunk; V.
n lumber
move heavily or clumsily; Ex. The bear lumbered through the woods; N: timber
d\'eb\^acle
sudden disastrous downfall or defeat; complete disaster
n gentry
people of standing(rank or position); people of good family or high social position; class of people just below nobility
genesis
beginning; origin
n plummet
fall sharply; fall straight down; Ex. Stock prices plummeted.
n puerile
childish; immature; CF. puer: boy
n stipend
pay for services
disabuse
correct a false impression; undeceive; free from a wrong belief
n dissemble
disguise; hide the real nature of; pretend
authoritative
having the weight of authority; regarded as providing knowledge that can be trusted; reliable; peremptory and dictatorial; Ex. authoritative dictionary/manner; CF. definitive
n incrustation
hard coating or crust; V. incrust: encrust; cover with a crust
n sundry
miscellaneous; various; several; N. sundries: small miscellaneous items
n umbrage
resentment; anger; sense of injury or insult; Ex. take umbrage at his rudeness
consolidation
unification; process of becoming firmer or stronger; V. consolidate: merge; strengthen
proclivity
inclination; natural tendency (esp. towards something bad)
n bauble
trinket; cheap jewel; trifle
n maculated
spotted; stained; CF. immaculate
terse
concise; abrupt; pithy
s upright
(sitting or standing) straight up; honest; moral
n glutinous
sticky; viscous; gluey
precedent
preceding (in time, rank, etc.)
ancillary
serving as an aid or accessory; auxiliary; N.
perceptive
insightful; showing a good ability at perceiving and understanding; aware; wise; of perception
s season
enhance the flavor of by adding a spice, etc.; inure; harden; N. seasoning: something used in seasoning
n quench
assuage or satisfy (thrust); slake; douse or extinguish; put out; suppress
s tenant
one that pays rent to use property owned by another
n ductile
malleable; pliable; (of metals) easily pulled into shape; flexible; (of someone) easily influenced or controlled
n multifarious
varied; greatly diversified; Ex. multifarious activities
slake
satisfy (thirst); quench; sate
concession
an act of yielding; conceding; something conceded; point, right, etc. given unwillingly; privilege of maintaining a business in a certain place; Ex. oil concessions in the North sea; CF. concessionaire
s brim
uppermost edge of a cup; projecting rim (as on a hat); Ex. The glass was full to the brim; V: be full to the brim
feign
pretend
recourse
resorting to help when in trouble; Ex. without recourse to
n askew
crookedly; slanted; at an angle
alimony
payments made regularly to an ex-spouse after divorce
maniacal
raging mad; insane; N. maniac: insane person; CF. mania: disorder of the mind; intense enthusiasm
n mayhem
injury to body; crime of willfully maiming or crippling a person; violent disorder; Ex. mayhem in the zoo; CF. maim
n travesty
copy or example of something that completely misrepresents the true nature of the real thing; comical parody or imitation; treatment aimed at making something appear ridiculous; Ex. travesty of justice; OP. paragon
n seedy
run-down; decrepit; disreputable; having many seeds; Ex. seedy downtown hotel
n rapacious
voracious; ravenous; taking everything one can; excessively grasping; plundering; subsisting on live prey; Ex. rapacious birds
cosmic
pertaining to the universe; vast
s rake
angle of a slope; V: slant from the perpendicular
title
name (of a book, film, etc.); mark of rank; formal appellation as of rank or office (such as Lord or General); right or claim to possession; championship; Ex. title as head of the family; Ex. title to the estate
n presumptuous
going beyond what is right; excessively forward; arrogant; taking liberties
concomitant
that which accompanies; Ex. Deafnes is a frequent concommitant of old age; ADJ: existing or happening together with something else
n retiring
shy and reserved (of a person); modest; Ex. her retiring personality
cryptic
mysterious; hidden; secret
s mutter
utter (complaining words) indistinctly in low tones
n muse
ponder at length; N: source of inspiration (esp. of a poet)
ubiquitous
being everywhere; omnipresent; N. ubiquity
incarnation
act of assuming a human body and human nature; one who personifies something; personification; Ex. previous incarnation/reincarnation
n myopic
nearsighted; lacking foresight; N. myopia
n caldron(cauldron)
large kettle
n propitiate
appease; conciliate; make peaceful; ADJ. propitiatory
s executive
person having administrative authority; one branch of government executing laws; ADJ: relating to executing
n belabor
harp on; dwell on tediously; explain or go over excessively or to a ridiculous degree; assail verbally; beat severely; attack physically
agenda
items of business at a meeting
sophistry
seemingly plausible but fallacious reasoning; sophism
apprehend
arrest (a criminal); dread; perceive; N. apprehension
n invocation
prayer for help (used in invoking); calling upon as a reference or support; act of invoking
s smother
kill from lack of air; suppress; cover thickly; Ex. smothered in little stickers
s uninhibited
having no inhibitions; free in behavior and feelings
subordinate
occupying a lower rank; inferior; submissive; N. V: put in a lower rank or class
sycophant
servile flatterer; bootlicker; yes man; ADJ. sycophantic
s stamp
step on heavily (so as to crush or extinguish); put an end to; imprint or impress with a mark, design, or seal; shape with a die; characterize; Ex. machine stamping out car bodies; Ex. newspaper stamping him as a liar; N. stamping; implement used to stamp; impression stamped; mark; Ex. Her remarks bear the stamp of truth.
n scavenge
hunt through discarded materials for usable items or food; search, especially for food; N. scavenger: one who scavenges; animal that feeds on refuse and carrion
fauna
animals of a period or region; CF. flora
s dyslexia
word blindness; learning disorder marked by impairment of the ability to read
n knit
contract into wrinkles; grow together; join together closely; make (a fabric or garment) by interwining yarn or thread; Ex. knit the brow; Ex. The bones should knit together in a few weeks.
deft
neat; skillful
s suckle
give or take milk at the breast or udder
euphemism
mild expression in place of an unpleasant one; ADJ. euphemistic
s dazzle
make blind with a sudden intense light; amaze; fill with wonder
s magistrate
official with power to administer the law
entail
make necessary; require; necessitate; involve; limit the inheritance of (property) to a specified succession of heirs; Ex. entail A on/upon B
cognate
having a common origin; related linguistically; allied by blood; similar or akin in nature; Ex. cognate languages; N.
indict
charge; N. indictment
n exhort
urge (by strong argument or advice); Ex. The general exhorted his men to fight bravely; N. exhortation
s sonnet
14-line poetic verse form with a fixed rhyme pattern
n tutelary
protective; pertaining to a guardianship; Ex. tutelary deities
n fetid(foetid)
malodorous; foul
convene
come together; assemble; call to meet; Ex. convene the council
n fulcrum
support on which a lever rests or pivots
n frond
fern leaf; palm or banana leaf
s thrash
beat with a whip or flail; defeat utterly; talk about thoroughly in order to find the answer; move wildly or violently; Ex. The fishes thrashed about in the net.
incubate
hatch; warm (eggs) with the body to promote hatching; maintain at optimal environment conditions for development; be holding in one's body an infection which is going to develop into a disease; N. incubation; CF. incubation:disease
n copious
plentiful
s marginal
of a margin; barely within a limit; Ex. marginal effect/writing ability
bane
posion; cause of ruin; ADJ. baneful: harmful; poisonous
ecstasy
rapture; very strong feeling of joy and happiness; any overpowering emotion; ADJ. ecstatic: causing or experiencing ecstasy
convoluted
coiled around; twisted; involved; complicated; intricate; complex; N. convolution: twist; one of the convex folds of the surface of the brain
libel
defamatory written statement; act of writing something that smears a person's character; V. ADJ. libelous
n gamut
entire range
n blurt
utter impulsively from nervousness or excitement
eugenic
pertaining to the improvement of race; N. eugenics: study of hereditary improvement of the human race
s provision
act of providing; something provided; preparatory measure; provisions: necessary supplies (esp. food); stipulation; condition in an agreement; Ex. According to the provisions of the agreement
n countermand
cancel; revoke (an order)
n carping
petty criticism; fault-finding; fretful complaining; quibble
acoustics
science of sound; quality that makes a room easy or hard to hear in
n eddy
swirling current of water, air, etc.; V.
n assay
analyze (to discover what materials are present); evaluate (soil or ore)
prominent
protruding(sticking out); conspicuous; notable; eminent
incense
enrage; infuriate(make furious); make extremely angry; outrage; N: aromatic substance burned to produce a pleasant odor
s draw
choosing of a lot or card
n enterprising
full of initiative; showing enterprise
n necromancy
black magic; sorcery; dealings with the dead; art that professes to communicate with the spirits of the dead so as to predict the future; CF. necromancer; CF. necro+divination; CF. necro-: death; Ex. necropolis
impecunious
without money
n chimerical
fantastically improbable; highly unrealistic; N. chimera: unreal fancy; fire-breathing female creature
languor
lack of physical or mental energy; lassitude; depression
abrasive
rubbing away; tending to grind down
n inclement
stormy; unkind; unmerciful; CF. clement
saline
salty
replete
fully filled; filled to the brim or to the point of being stuffed; abundantly supplied; Ex. report replete with errors
emanate
issue forth; come out
n imbecility
weakness of mind; state of being an imbecile; N. imbecile: stupid person; fool
s mangle
tear or cut to pieces; mutilate or disfigure; Ex. badly mangled bodies
n redress
remedy; compensation; Ex. seek redress for the damage to your car; V: put right; remedy or rectify (a wrong); make amends for
n quixotic
idealistic but impractical; CF. Don Quixote
s intoxicate
make drunk; stimulate or excite; Ex. intoxicated by all the money he might win
insolvent
bankrupt; lacking money to pay; N. insolvency
n knotty
intricate; difficult; tangled; CF. knot
suppress
put an end to forcibly; subdue; stifle; overwhelm; inhibit the expression of; check; prevent from being published or made public; Ex. suppress a smile; Ex. suppress the magazine/truth
reparable
capable of being repaired
n chagrin
annoyance and disappointment; vexation (caused by humiliation or injured pride)
cerebration
thought; working of the brain
s choice
delicate; of very fine quality
mammal
vertebrate animal whose female suckles its young
n mausoleum
monumental tomb; large stately tomb; CF. Mausolos
depredation
plundering; destruction
curator
superintendent; manager (in charge of a museum or a library)
n lagoon
shallow body of water or lake near a sea; lake separated from a sea by sandbars or coral reefs
pomposity
self-important behavior; acting like a stuffed shirt(pompous person); ADJ. pompous: self-important
colloquy
informal discussion; conversation
n fatuous
smugly and unconsciously foolish; inane; silly; N. fatuity, fatuousness
n pedantic
bookish; showing off learning; marked by an excessive ostentatious concern for book learning; N. pedantry
n testy
irritable; impatient and bad-tempered; short-tempered; N. testiness
inimitable
matchless; not able to be imitated
cohere
stick together
s dart
move or throw suddenly and quickly
n pharisaical
pertaining to the Pharisees, who paid scrupulous attention to tradition; self-righteous; hypocritical
placid
peaceful; calm; Ex. placid child/lake
s thresh
beat (cereal plants) with a machine or flail to separate the grains from the straw
appropriate
acquire; take possession of for one's own use without permission; set aside for a particular purpose; allocate; CF. misappropriate
memorialize
commemorate
n dumbfound(dumfound)
astonish (making dumb); ADJ. dumbfounded, dumfounded, dumbstruck
capricious
unpredictable; fickle
thwart
block or hinder; baffle; frustrate
n peremptory
demanding and leaving no choice; imperative; Ex. peremptory decree/knock
n staccato
played in an abrupt manner; marked by abrupt sharp sound; Ex. staccato applause
s bacchanal
noisy party with a lot of drinking
avow
declare openly; N. avowal
s wrinkle
small ridge on a smooth surface (face or cloth); V.
exploit
brave and successful act; deed or action, particularly a brave deed; CF. crossing the Atlantic ocean
indigence
poverty
n scaffold
temporary platform for workers (to work at heights above the ground); bracing framework; platform for execution
n parched
extremely dry; very thirsty; V. parch: make or become extremely dry (by exposure to heat)
impudence
impertinence; insolence
n duplicity
double-dealing; hypocrisy; being dishonest and deceitful; ADJ. duplicitous
n debutante
young woman making formal entrance into society
s commemorate
honor the memory of; serve as a memorial to; Ex. commemorate the 100th anniversary/those who died in the war
n refrain
abstain from; resist; forbear; N: chorus
n stultify
make stupid in mind; cause to appear or become stupid or inconsistent; suppress; frustrate or hinder; Ex. stultifying effect of uninteresting work; Ex. stultify free expression
n fecundity
fertility; fruitfulness; ADJ. fecund: very productive of crops or young
aloft
upward; high up in the air
s artful
exhibiting art or skill; deceitful; cunning; CF. artifice
n equestrian
rider on horseback; ADJ.
n spruce
neat and trim in appearance; smart; Ex. Be spruce for your job interview; V.
perversion
corruption; turning from right to wrong
n nonchalance
indifference; lack of concern; composure; ADJ. nonchalant: unconcerned; cool; indifferent; Ex. nonchalant attitude to his debts
s trance
hypnotic state; ecstatic state; detachment from one's physical surrounding (as in contemplation or daydreaming); CF. transition
n demotic
of or pertaining to the people
embroil
throw into confusion; involve in strife, dispute, or quarrel; entangle; CF. imbroglio
n musky
having the odor of musk; N. musk: odorous substance secreted by an Asian deer
surmise
guess; N.
n cession
yielding to another; ceding
orator
public speaker
prognosticate
predict (according to present indications)
expenditure
payment or expense; expending; something expended; output; Ex. receipt for the expenditure; Ex. expenditure of all the energy
n decomposition
decay; V. decompose: decay; break and separate into simple parts
s list
tilt (as of a ship); lean over (to one side)
pacifist
one opposed to force; antimilitarist; ADJ. N. pacifism: opposition to war as a means of resolving disputes
n perverse
purposely continuing to do something wrong; stubbornly wrongheaded; perverted; directed away from what is right; wicked and unacceptable; Ex. perverse satisfaction; Ex. Hannibal Lecter in a perverse mood; N. perversity
assimilate
absorb; take (food) into the body and digest it; understand (knowledge) completely and be able to use properly; cause to become homogeneous (the people of a country or race in the wasy of behaving or thinking)
introvert
one who is introspective or inclined to think more about oneself; ADJ. introverted
n slither
slip or slide
n distinction
honor; excellence; difference; contrast; discrimination; Ex. graduated with distinction; Ex. a writer of real distinction
s shudder
shake uncontrollably; tremble; V.
n firebrand
piece of burning wood; hothead; troublemaker; person who stirs up trouble
glib
fluent (with insincerity or superficiality); facile; slick
n epaulet(epaulette)
ornament worn on the shoulder (of a uniform, etc.)
stereotype
one regarded as embodying a set image or type; fixed and unvarying representation; standardized mental picture often reflecting prejudice; Ex. stereotype of the happy slave; V: make a stereotype of; represent by a stereotype; Ex. It is wrong to stereotype people; Ex. stereotyped answer
autocratic
having absolute unchecked power; dictatorial; N. autocrat, autocracy
n nicety
precision; accuracy; minute distinction or difference; Ex. to a nicety: exactly; precisely; Ex. distinguish between niceties
perpetual
everlasting
n fervid
ardent; zealous; hot
n garnish
decorate; add a garnish to; decorate (food or drink) with small items such as lemon slices; N.
n inerrancy
infallibility
anesthetic
substance that removes sensation with or without loss of consciousness; N. anesthesia
n maudlin
effusively sentimental
decoy
lure or bait; V.
aspirant
seeker after position or status
superimpose
place over something else
s encircle
surround
n communal
held in common; public; of a group of people; of a commune
tangible
able to be touched; real; concrete; palpable; possible to realize or understand; Ex. tangible proof
disperse
scatter; Ex. disperse the cloud/crowd
centigrade
denoting a widely used temperature scale (basically same as Celsius)
n tortuous
winding; full of curves; Ex. tortuous mountain road
disjunction
act or state of separation; disunity; CF. disjunctive: expressing a choice between two ideas; CF. conjunction; CF. conjunctive
n disquisition
formal systematic inquiry; explanation of the results of a formal inquiry; long formal speech or written report
n litigation
lawsuit; N. litigant: one party in a lawsuit; V. litigate
n fete(f\^ete)
honor at a festival; celebrate or honor with a feast; N. (outdoor) festival or feast; CF. feast
n ligneous
like wood
shrewd
clever; astute
divest
strip (as of clothes); deprive (as of rights); dispossess; N. divestiture(divestment)
advert
refer
n blandishment
flattery
n stilted
bombastic; stiffly pompous; Ex. stilted rhetoric; CF. stiff: formal
component
element; ingredient
faculty
mental or bodily powers; teaching staff
n defray
provide for the payment of; undertake the payment of; pay
n espouse
adopt; support (an idea or aim); marry; N. espousal
n neophyte
recent convert; new member of a religious group; beginner; CF. plant
paramount
foremost in importance; supreme; CF. para-: beyond; above; Ex. paranormal
atheistic
denying the existence of God; N. atheism
industrious
diligent; hard-working; N. industry
s flighty
(esp. of a woman's behavior) capricious; often changing, esp. from one lover to another; impulsive
acclivity
sharp upslope of a hill; OP. declivity
alluvial
pertaining to soil deposits left by running water
altruistic
unselfishly generous; concerned for others; N. altiruism: unselfish concern for the welfare of others; unselfishness; OP. egoism
repository
storehouse
s stoop
bend forward and down; lower or debase oneself; fall to a lower standard of behavior by doing something; condescend; Ex. stoop to lying
misapprehension
error; misunderstanding; V. misapprehend
metaphor
implied comparison; CF. simile
s pervert
corrupt; turn from right to wrong; misuse; Ex. perverted sexual desire/scientific knowledge; N: person whose sexual behavior is not natural
analogy
similarity; parallelism; comparing two similar things
mediate
settle a dispute through the services of an outsider; act as an intermediary; produce by mediating; Ex. mediate a cease-fire
rendezvous
meeting place; meeting at a set time or place; V.
s compartment
one of the parts into which an enclosed space is divided
outwit
outsmart; defeat by behaving more cleverly
n murky
dark and gloomy; thick with fog; vague; Ex. murky night/fog; N. murk: partial or complete darkness; gloom
n figurine
small ornamental statuette(very small statue)
s executor
person designated to execute the terms of a will; ¿¹¼ú ÀÛÇ°ÀÇ Á¦ÀÛÀÚ
inherent
firmly established by nature or habit; intrinsic
n pariah
social outcast; Ex. Mariah the pariah
n decry
express strong disapproval of; condemn openly (something dangerous to the public); disparage; Ex. decry the violence of modern films
n application
diligent attention; diligence; V. apply oneself
enumerate
list; mention one by one
obloquy
slander; disgrace; infamy
induce
persuade; lead to do something; bring about; N. inducement
n bleak
cold or cheerless; frigid; unlikely to be favorable; depressing
convex
curving outward
s maroon
leave helpless on a deserted island or coast; ADJ. red brown
enormity
hugeness (in a bad sense); excessive wickedness; Ex. enormity of the crime; ADJ. enormous
s pretend
feign; pretend to: claim to possess; make pretensions to; Ex. I don't pretend to much expertise; N. pretense
n nib
beak(bill); pen point
s spare
give; use; refrain from harming; save from experiencing; exempt; Ex. spare me 5 minutes; Ex. Take this money and spare my life; Ex. The emperor was spared the onus; ADJ: kept in reserve; free for other use; unoccupied; Ex. spare time
metropolis
large city
frugality
thrift; economy; ADJ. frugal: practicing economy; costing little; inexpensive
brochure
pamphlet
interminable
endless
n rebuttal
refutation; response with contrary evidence; V. rebut: refute; disprove
s hurl
throw forcefully; shout out violently
frigid
intensely cold; cold in manner; Ex. frigid zone
n fanciful
whimsical; visionary; imaginary; produced by imagination; Ex. fanciful scheme
n leeway
room to move; margin; latitude; Ex. leeway for the deadline
n hew
cut to pieces with ax or sword; chop; N.
n quash
crush; suppress; squash; subdue; annul; Ex. quash a rebellion/the decision of the low court
s intolerant
not willing to accept ways of thinking different from one's own; CF. tolerant; CF. tolerate
n cant
insincere speech or expression of piety; jargon of thieves; special words used by a particular group of people
s bully
one who is habitually cruel to weaker people; V.
n arable
fit for growing crops; Ex. arable land
s bid
command; utter (a greeting); offer as a price; N: offer of a price; amount offered; earnest effort to gain something; Ex. bid for freedom
s tatter
torn piece of cloth; ADJ. tattered: (of clothes) old and torn; (of a person) dressed in old torn clothes
arbiter
person with power to decide a matter in dispute; judge who is in a position ot make influential judgments; Ex. supreme arbiter of fashion in beachware
impotent
weak; ineffective; lacking in physical strength or power
s convulsion
violent uncontrollable shaking movement (caused by illness); V. convulse; ADJ. convulsive
n gaunt
lean and angular; thin and bony; emaciated; barren
cordial
warmly friendly; gracious; heartfelt; Ex. cordial welcome
flagrant
conspicuously wicked, bad, or offensive; blatant; outrageous
n minatory
menacing; threatening
disjointed
disconnected; lacking coherence; V. disjoint: disconnect; disjoin
correlation
mutual relationship
s impoverish
make poor; deprive of natural strength or something important; Ex. impoverished soil
n luscious
pleasing to taste or smell; delicious
extrinsic
external; not essential or inherent; extraneous; OP. intrinsic
s nebula
diffuse mass of interstellar dust or gas; galaxy
s ferocious
fierce; violent; N. ferocity
beget
father; become the father of; produce; give rise to
n apoplexy
stroke; loss of consciousness caused by too much blood in the brain
n knell
tolling of a bell especially to indicate a funeral, disaster, etc.; sound of the funeral bell; V.
n secrete
conceal; hide away or cache; produce and release a substance into an organism; CF. secretive
ineffectual
not effective; not having a desired effect; weak
reactionary
strongly opposed to social or political change; opposing progress; politically ultraconservative; N. OP. radical
infamous
notoriously bad; notorious; well known for being bad; Ex. infamous behavior; N: infamy: infamous act; evil fame or reputation
n fulsome
disgustingly excessive; offensively flattering; Ex. fulsome praise/expressions of admire
translucent
partly transparent
s rapture
great joy and delight; ecstasy; ADJ. rapturous
n disavowal
denial; disclaiming; repudiating; disowning; V. disavow; CF. disclaim
consort
associate with; keep company; N: husband or wife (or a ruler)
delete
erase; strike out
s vertebrate
having a backbone or spinal column; N: group of animals having a segmented spinal column
insomnia
wakefulness; inability to sleep
arsenal
storage place for military equipment
n laceration
torn ragged wound; V. lacerate: tear (the skin as with broken glass); wound
n conclave
private secret meeting
n nihilist
one who considers traditional beliefs to be groundless and existence meaningless; absolute skeptic; revolutionary terrorist; CF. nihilism: belief that nothing has meaning or value; belief that destruction of existing political or social institutions is necessary for future improvement
alimentary
supplying nourishment
n seep
pass slowly through small openings; ooze; trickle; N. seepage
agape
openmouthed
s repulse
reject with rudeness or coldness (an offer or friendship); drive back (an enemy attack); CF. repulse $\neq$ cause repulsion
n brocade
rich, figured(patterned) fabric
s expos\'e
public revelation of something discreditable
s notch
V-shaped cut in a surface; V.
n insensate
without feeling; lacking sense; foolish
n menagerie
collection of wild animals on exhibition; zoo
n babble
chatter idly or foolishly; make continuous sounds like water running gently over rounded stone; N.
n gambol
romp; skip about; leap about playfully; frolic; N.
subjugate
conquer; bring under control
purge
remove or get rid of something or someone unwanted; eliminate; free from blame or guilt; cleanse or purify (esp. of sin, guilt, or defilement); N.
surreptitious
done secretly; secret; furtive; sneaky; hidden
s mantle
loose sleeveless outer garment; cloak; something that covers or envelops; the layer of the earth between the crust and the core
s blue
gloomy; depressed
s invalid
one incapacitated(disabled) by a chronic illness; ADJ: incapacitated by illness; not valid; null; V: allow to leave (a military force) because of ill-health
scrutinize
examine closely and critically; N. scrutiny
n pestle
tool for mashing or grinding substances in a hard bowl or mortar
prolific
producing offspring or fruit in abundance; fertile; fecund; abundantly fruitful; producing abundant works; Ex. prolific writer
agility
nimbleness; ability to move quickly
n caliber
ability; quality; diameter of the inside of a round cylinder; Ex. work of very high caliber
skeptic
sceptic; doubter; person who suspends judgment until he has examined the evidence supporting a point of view; ADJ. skeptical; N. skepticism; scepticism
s pronounced
distinct; very noticeable; Ex. pronounced limp
n savory
pleasant in taste; tasty; pleasing, attractive, or agreeable; Ex. savory reputation
n beatific
giving or showing bliss; blissful
s retard
delay (in development); ADJ. retarded: (as of a child) slower in development
servile
slavish; cringing; N. servility
s trifle
something of little importance or value; small amount; Ex. a trifle; V: treat without seriousness; flirt
s blemish
mar; spoil the beauty or perfection of; N: flaw or defect (that spoils perfection); Ex. blemishes in the crystal; CF. unblemished
piety
devoutness; reverence for God; ADJ. pious
amputate
cut off part of body; prune (a limb)
s weird
eerie; strange; unnatural
robust
strong; vigorous
caption
title; chapter heading; text under illustration
irrevocable
unalterable; irreversible; impossible to revoke
n peruse
read through with care; N. perusal
chaotic
in utter disorder
sensual
devoted to the pleasures of the sense; carnal; voluptuous; Ex. sensual woman/curves/lips
devotee
enthusiastic follower; enthusiast; Ex. devotee of Bach
n demographic
related to population balance; N. demography: statistical study of human population
n maul
handle roughly; batter; injure by beating; Ex. mauled by his overexcited fans; N: heavy long-handled hammer
n plenitude
abundance; plenty; great amount; completeness; fullness; CF. plenary, plenty
incriminate
accuse of or implicate in a crime; serve as evidence against; cause to seem or make guilty of a crime; Ex. incriminating evidence
n incapacitate
disable; N. incapacity: lack of capacity
infallible
unerring; never making mistakes
n fictitious
imaginary; non-existent; purposely invented to deceive; untrue; Ex. fictitious name/boyfriend; CF. fictional
n predilection
preference; partiality
n pall
become boring; grow tiresome
s overture
musical introduction to a long musical piece; first offer or proposal (to begin talks in the hope of reaching an agreement); Ex. overtures for peace
s personify
represent (an inanimate object) as a person; be the embodiment or perfect example of; Ex. She is evil/patience personified; N. personification
n perdition
damnation; complete ruin; hell
n pulmonary
pertaining to the lungs
repulsion
distaste; disgust; act of driving back; ADJ. repulsive: causing disgust; tending to drive away; V. repel (not `repulse')
n olfactory
concerning the sense of smell
ingenuous
naive and trusting; young; unsophisticated; candid
n ethos
underlying character of a culture, group, etc.; character or ideas peculiar to a specific person, group, or culture; Ex. the company ethos
n mock
ridicule; deride; imitate often in derision
n swerve
deviate; turn aside sharply from a straight course; Ex. swerve from the principle; Ex. The car swerved to the right.
s apiculture
bee-keeping
interdict
prohibit; forbid; N.
supplant
take the place of unfairly; usurp; replace
conclusive
decisive; ending all debate
glossary
brief explanation of words used in the text
s billow
large wave of water; a great swell or surge (of smoke); V: surge, swell, roll in billows
recuperate
recover; return to health; regain; Ex. recuperate losses
obelisk
tall column tapering(becoming gradually narrower toward the end) and ending in a pyramid
pungent
stinging; acrid; sharp in taste or smell; (of speech or writing) caustic; N. pungency
effusion
pouring forth; unrestrained outpouring of feeling; V. effuse: pour out; ADJ. effusive: pouring forth; gushing
s gleam
brief flash of light; glow; V.
nostalgia
homesickness; longing for the past; Ex. nostalgia for the clothes of 1920s; ADJ. nostalgic
n filial
pertaining to or befitting a son or daughter; Ex. filial respect
s mason
one who builds or works with stone or brick; N. masonry: work of a mason; stonework or brickwork
deposition
testimony under oath; deposing; dethroning
s hive
box for bees; V: cause to go in a hive
arch-
chief; first; Ex. archbishop
n reprobate
morally disapproved person; person hardened in sin, devoid of a sense of decency; CF. disapproved by God ?
requiem
mass for the dead; dirge
stem_from
arise from; originate from
n purse
pucker; contract (lips) into wrinkles; N: wallet
tactile
pertaining to the organs or sense of touch
adorn
decorate
n corporeal
bodily (rather than spiritual); of a bodily form; material; tangible
affinity
feeling of kinship; similarity; Ex. strong affinity for her; Ex. many affinities between two languages
s speck
small piece or mark; Ex. speck of dust in the eye
n nuptial
related to marriage or the wedding ceremony; N. nuptials: wedding ceremony
affirmation
positive assertion; confirmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath; V. affirm; ADJ. affirmative; CF. affirmative action: positive discrimination
n furor
frenzy; great anger and excitement; CF. fury
imbibe
drink in
n chortle
chuckle with delight; N.
s smug
self-satisfied; complacent
n impinge
infringe; encroach; influence; touch; collide with; Ex. The effects are impinging on every aspect of our lives.
s matin\'ee(matinee)
dramatic or musical performance given in the afternoon
s oversee
watch over and direct; supervise; N. oversight: unintentional failure to notice or do something; supervision
n bountiful
generous; graciously generous; showing bounty
s oath
solemn promise; blasphemous use of sacred words to express strong feelings; swear-word; Ex. ``For Christ's sake''
perspicuous
(of something) plainly expressed; easy to understand; Ex. perspicuous comments
egregious
notorious; conspicuously bad or shocking
n taint
contaminate; cause to lose purity; modify with a trace of something bad; Ex. tainted reputation; N: stain; touch of decay or bad influence; CF. touch
colloquial
pertaining to conversational or common speech; informal; N. colloquialism: colloquial expression
s nourishment
something that nourishes; food
n apothecary
druggist; pharmacist
n docket
program as for trial; book where such entries are made; list of things to be done; agenda; label fixed to a package listing contents or directions; V: describe in a docket
inopportune
untimely; inappropriate or ill-timed; poorly chosen
s clip
cut off with shears; fasten; N: something clipped off (as a short extract from film); clasp or fastener
s crest
top (as of a hill or wave); showy feathers on the head of a bird
n primp
groom oneself with care; adorn oneself
n bereft
deprived of (something valuable); lacking
n quiver
case for arrows
n piscatorial
pertaining to fishing; CF. Pisces
n hoodwink
deceive; delude
s hazard
venture; put in danger; risk; Ex. hazard a guess; N: possible source of danger
consign
send to a person or place for sale; deliver officially; entrust; put into the care of another; set apart (for a special purpose); N. consignment; CF. consignor, consignee
labyrinth
maze
fickle
changeable (in affections or friendship); faithless
n repast
meal; feast; banquet
n litany
supplicatory prayer; prayer in which the priest calls out and the people replies in the same words
s ploy
strategem to gain an advantage; tactic; Ex. management ploy
n hiatus
gap; pause; gap or interruption in space or time; break
s imperil
put in danger
longevity
long life; long duration
prot\'eg\'e
person receiving protection and support from a patron
s championship
position of champion; defense or support; competition held to determine a champion
n blasphemy
irreverence; sacrilege; cursing; bad language about God or holy things; V. blasphem; ADJ. blasphemous; CF. sacrilege
s outfit
clothing or equipment for a special purpose; Ex. cowboy outfit
n marsupial
one of a family of mammals that nurse their offspring in a pouch(pocket of skin or leather); CF. kangaroo, opossum, wombat
n forswear
renounce under oath; abandon; make a solemn promise to give up; CF. abjure
prodigy
highly gifted child; person with exceptional talents; marvel; wonder
n sonorous
resonant; producing a full deep sound; producing sound
n mountebank
charlatan; boastful pretender
s unregenerate
making no attempt to change one's bad practices
n certitude
certainty
congenital
existing at birth
gale
windstorm; gust of wind; emotional outburst (laughters, tears); Ex. gale of laughter
ambidextrous
capable of using either hand with equal ease
constituent
supporter; voter; member of a constituency; component
n desperado
reckless, desperate outlaw
indicative
suggestive; implying; serving to indicate
s correlate
either of the correlated things; V.
s forum
public square of an ancient Roman city; public place for open discussion; court of law
n nondescript
undistinctive; ordinary; ordinary-looking; Ex. nondescript fellow in a crowd
n fructify
bear fruit; produce fruit
feasible
practical; able to be carried out; practicable
supposition
assumption; hypothesis; surmise; V. suppose
ingrained
deeply established; firmly rooted; Ex. ingrained dirt/prejudice
s slack
moving slowly; sluggish; inactive; (of a rope) loose; negligent; lax; Ex. slack season; Ex. slack in one's work; N. V.
s enact
make (a bill) into law
n turncoat
traitor
equilibrium
balance of opposing forces; balance of the mind; equanimity
n unconscionable
unscrupulous; not guided by conscience; excessive; beyond reason; Ex. unconscionable demand
pseudonym
pen name; fictitious name assumed by an author; ADJ. pseudonymous
s interstice
narrow space between things
s germ
earliest form of an organism; seed or bud; something that may develop into something larger or more important; microbe
pinnacle
peak; highest point; acme; Ex. pinnacle of fame
eclectic
selective; composed of elements drawn from disparate sources; selecting individual elements from a variety of sources; N. eclecticism
n mangy
shabby; wretched; suffering from mange; of bad appearance
n threadbare
worn through till the threads show; shabby and poor; hackneyed; Ex. threadbare excuses
n quintessence
purest and highest embodiment; perfect example; apotheosis; most essential element; Ex. quintessence of wit; ADJ. quintessential; CF. fifth essence
despot
tyrant; harsh, authoritarian ruler; CF. despotism
n fluted
having vertical parallel grooves (as in a pillar); V. flute: make long parallel inward curves in; N. flute: long rounded groove incised on the shaft of a column
averse
reluctant; disinclined; not liking or opposed; Ex. averse to cats/doing the house work
optional
not compulsory; left to one's choice; N. option: act of choosing; choice; freedom or power to choose; something available as a choice; Ex. have no option; Ex. two options
depreciate
lessen in value; belittle; represent as of little value
n debauch
corrupt morally; seduce from virtue; N. debauchery: wild behavior (with sex and alcohol)
n archives
public records; place where public records are kept
disquietude
uneasiness; anxiety; V. disquiet: make anxious
singular
being only one; individual; unique; extraordinary; odd; Ex. singular beauty/behavior
asylum
place of refuge or shelter; protection (religious or political)
precursor
forerunner; predecessor
n finesse
delicate skill; V: handle with finesse
s compulsive
resulting from compulsion
n grimace
facial distortion to show feeling such as pain, disgust, etc; V.
inanimate
lifeless; not animate
decapitate
behead
subliminal
below the threshold of conscious perception; Ex. subliminal advertisement
acerbity
bitterness of speech and temper; ADJ. acerbic: bitter; acrid (in taste, manner, or tone)
regime
method of system or government
accessory
additional object; useful but not essential thing
n reparation
compensation (for loss or wrong); amends; Ex. make reparation for the damage; CF. repair
n deleterious
harmful
n forensic
suitable to debate or courts of law; of or used in legal proceedings and the tracking of criminals; Ex. forensic science/medicine
s gust
strong abrupt rush of wind; V. CF. bluster
edict
decree (especially one issued by a sovereign); official command
n lackadaisical
lacking interest or effort; lacking purpose or zest; lazy; halfhearted; languid
n canvass
determine or seek opinions, votes, etc.; go through (a region) to solicit votes or orders; conduct a survey; N.
n nefarious
very wicked
n topography
physical features of a region (such as the shape and height); CF. topo-: place
s squeamish
easily shocked or sickened by unpleasant things; fastidious; Ex. A nurse should not be squeamish.
anemia
condition in which blood lacks red corpuscles; ADJ. anemic
pragmatic
practical (as opposed to idealistic); concerned with practical worth or impact of something; Ex. pragmatic test of the skill
n numismatist
person who collects coins; N. numismatics: study or collection of money, coins, and medals
n suffragist
advocate of the extension of voting rights (for women); CF. suffrage
sobriety
moderation (especially regarding indulgence in alcohol); seriousness
n gloat
express evil satisfaction; look at or think about with evil satisfaction; view malevolently; Ex. The thief gloated over the stolen jewels.
n seminary
school for training future ministers; secondary school, especially for young women
n scapegoat
someone who bears the blame for others; whipping boy; CF. escape+goat
n culvert
artificial channel for water; drain crossing under a road
n facile
easily accomplished; ready or fluent; superficial; not deep; Ex. facile solution to a complex problem; Ex. facile speaker; N. facility: ability to do something easily and well; ease in doing resulting from skill or aptitude; something that facilitates an action; amenity; Ex. with great facility
acclaim
applaud; praise; greet with great approval; announce with great approval; Ex. The new drung has been acclaimed as the most important discoveries for years; N: strong expression of approval and praise
s fetish(fetich)
object believed to have spiritual powers; object of excessive attention or reverence; CF. fetishism
n saunter
stroll(go for a leisurely walk) slowly; N.
n steep
soak; saturate; Ex. steep the fabric in the dye bath; ADJ: precipitous
prototype
original work used as a model by others
n headstrong
willful; stubborn; unyielding; determined to have one's own way; CF. no 'excessive'
duration
length of time something lasts
analgesic
causing insensitivity to pain; N.
n anvil
iron block used in hammering out metals
contend
struggle; compete; assert earnestly; state strongly
n gorge
stuff oneself (with food); glut; CF. gorgeous: dazzlingly beautiful
n precarious
unsafe; lacking in stability; uncertain; risky; Ex. precarious living
ambivalence
the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes or opinions
s varnish
paint used to coat a surface with a glossy film; glossy coating produced by using this substance; Ex. nail varnish; V.
n inkling
hint; slight indication
s mingle
mix together in close association
n ethnology
study of humankind; study of the different races of human beings; CF. anthropology
n evasive
not frank; trying to hide the truth; eluding; evading; V. evade: avoid (a duty or responsibility) or escape from by deceit
paraphrase
restate a passage in one's own words while retaining thought of author; N: restatement of a text in other words
n muggy
(of weather) warm and damp
delude
deceive
clich\'e
phrase dulled in meaning by repetition; platitude; ADJ. clich\'ed
n canter
slow gallop; V. CF. trot
concave
hollow; curved inwards; OP. convex
s indecision
irresolution; inability to make up one's mind
analogous
comparable; similar
s shack
crude cabin
n devious
roundabout; erratic; deviating from the straight course; not straightforward; not completely honest; Ex. devious route
s clap
strike the palms of the hands together with a sudden explosive sound; come together suddenly with a sharp sound; put or send promptly; Ex. clap the thief in jail; N: clapping; loud or explosive sound; CF. applause
amalgam
combination of different things; mixture of metals (containing mercury) used for filling holes in teeth
constraint
restraint; compulsion; repression of feelings; reticence; V. constrain: hold back; restrain; compel; oblige; confine forcibly; imprison
protrude
stick out; jut; project; Ex. protruding teeth
jargon
language used by special group; technical terminology; gibberish; nonsensical or incoherent talk
s bargain
agreement between two groups or people; something for sale at a price advantageous to the buyer; V: negotiate; trade; Ex. bargaining power
console
lessen sadness or disappointment; give comfort; allay the sorrow of; N. consolation
n querulous
given to complaining; complaining; fretful; whining
rigid
hard and unbending; stiff and unyielding; fixed in behavior or views; strict; rigorous; Ex. rigid rule
s spoilsport
one who spoils the pleasure of others
conflagration
great fire
n parochial
narrow in scope or outlook; provincial; related to parishes
thrifty
careful about money; economical; N. thrift
s dominant
exercising the most influence; high and easily seen; stronger than the other part of a system; not recessive
outspoken
candid; blunt
tenet
doctrine; dogma
presentiment
premonition; foreboding; feeling something will happen; anticipatory fear
n natty
neatly or smartly dressed; dapper; smart; Ex. natty dresser
imperial
like an emperor; related to an empire; CF. imperialism
perjury
false testimony while under oath; V. perjure oneself: testify falsely under oath
abstain
refrain; withhold from participation; intentionally not use one's vote; ±â±ÇÇÏ´Ù
forte
strong point or special talent in a person's character
precocious
advanced in development; N. precocity
n relish
enjoy; savor; N: enjoyment; zest
bellicose
warlike
n atavism
resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents; reversion to an earlier type; throwback; ADJ. atavistic
n dwindle
shrink; reduce gradually
culmination
highest point; climax; V. culminate in: reach the highest point in; end in; Ex. a series of minor clashes culminating in war
n dapper
neat and trim (in appearance); (of small men) neat in appearance and quick in movements; neat; spry
imminent
impending; near at hand
imply
suggest a meaning not expressed; signify
s mar
spoil the appearance of
s polarity
state of having two opposite qualities
conscientious
scrupulous; through and careful; Ex. conscientious worker
diversion
act of turning aside; pastime; V. divert: turn aside from a course; distract; amuse
reprimand
reprove severely; rebuke; N.
n stock
standard; kept regularly in stock or supply; typical; routine; common; Ex. stock sizes of paper; Ex. stock excuse/character; N: goods for sale in a shop; OP. unique
rationale
fundamental reason or principle (on which a system or principle is based); fundamental reason or justification; grounds for an action
s consternation
great shock; dismay
acquittal
deliverance from a charge; V. acquit: free from a charge or accusation; discharge from a duty; conduct (oneself) in a specified manner
s circuit
closed circular line around an area; circumference; regularly repeated journey from place to place
n clamber
climb by crawling with difficulties; scramble
n rebus
representation of words in the form of pictures or symbols; puzzle in which pictures or letters stand for words; Ex. ``R U 18'' is a rebus for ``Are you 18''.
exotic
not native; from another part of the world; strange; intriguingly unusual; Ex. exotic flower/dress
n inchoate
(of desire, wish, plan) recently begun; not explicit; at the beginning of development; rudimentary; elementary; Ex. inchoate mass
quack
charlatan; impostor
n subversive
tending to overthrow or ruin; V. subvert: overthrow completely (an established system); destroy completely; CF. undermine ?
n peripheral
of a periphery; marginal; outer; of minor importance; not central; Ex. peripheral nerve/interest
gregarious
sociable; (of an animal) tending to form a group
n gustatory
affecting or relating to the sense of taste
n flit
fly; fly or move lightly or quickly; dart lightly; pass swiftly by; Ex. a bee flitting from flower to flower
affront
insult; offense; intentional act of disrespect; V: insult or hurt the feelings of intentionally
accord
agreement
n disengage
uncouple; separate; disconnect; stop fighting; OP. engage
n confidant(confidante)
trusted friend (to whom one tells one's secret)
n gaudy
flashy; showy
n flamboyant
ornate; highly elaborate; richly colored; ostentatious; showy; CF. flame
abut
border upon; adjoin
n quiescent
dormant; temporarily inactive; at rest; N. quiescence
n leaven
add leaven to; cause to rise or grow lighter; enliven; N: agent, such as yeast, that causes dough to rise (by fermentation); element that lightens or enlivens
n farce
broad comedy; mockery; humorous play full of silly things happening; ADJ. farcical
bent
determined; Ex. bent on advancing in the business; N: natural talent or inclination
underscore
underline; emphasize
n revile
attack with abusive language; vilify(slander)
s tinge
give a slight degree of a color or quality to; N: slight degree of a color or quality; Ex. tinged with grey/jealousy
antiseptic
substance that prevents infection in a wound; ADJ.
embezzlement
taking for one's own use in violation of trust; stealing (of money placed in one's care)
s enliven
make lively or spirited; animate
n mincing
affectedly dainty(delicate); V. mince: cut (esp. meat) into very small pieces; walk with exaggerated primness; walk in an unnatural way, taking little short steps; Ex. The actor minced across the stage; CF. mincemeat; CF. mincer
n hoary
white with age
repudiate
disown; disavow; deny
illicit
illegal
s judiciary
judicial branch of government
n militate
work against; Ex. militate against the chances of promotion; CF. serve as a soldier
spontaneity
lack of premeditation; naturalness; freedom from constraint; ADJ. spontaneous: self-generated; unpremeditated; happening without being planned
n domicile
home; V. ADJ. domiciled: having one's domicile; Ex. He is domiciled in Britain.
n auroral
pertaining to the aurora borealis; CF. aurora australis
s finery
beautiful clothes for a special occasion
obligatory
binding; required; compulsory; V. oblige: constrain; make grateful; do a favor; accommodate
anarchist
person who seeks to overturn the established government; advocate of abolishing authority
n ruminate
chew over and over (mentally or, like cows, physically); mull over(ponder)
unassailable
not open to attack; impregnable; not subject to question
euthanasia
mercy killing
insubordination
disobedience; rebelliousness; ADJ. insubordinate
n atypical
not normal; not typical
equinox
period of equal days and nights; the beginning of spring and autumn; Ex. vernal/autumnal equinox; ADJ. equinoctial
rummage
ransack; thoroughly search
colossus
gigantic statue; person or thing of great size or importance
n tangential
only slightly connected; not central; peripheral; digressing; showing divergence; CF. tangent
sanctuary
place of refuge; shelter; shrine; holy place; Ex. The outlaw was granted sanctuary in the church.
apathy
lack of caring; indifference; lack of concern or interest in important matters; Ex. He was sunk in apathy after his failure; ADJ. apathetic
exalt
raise in rank or dignity; praise highly; inspire; Ex. exalt the imagination; ADJ. exalted; N. exaltation
prodigal
wasteful; reckless with money; profuse; Ex. a mind prodigal of ideas; N. prodigality
s transpose
reverse the order or position of
n jocose
given to(having a tendency of) joking
s phalanx
formation of infantry carrying overlapping shields and long spears; group of men packed together (for attack or defense)
s cemetery
place for burying the dead
n codicil
supplement to the body of a will; later addition to a will
n quarry
person or animal of pursuit; victim; object of a hunt; prey
n begrudge
envy; give or allow unwillingly; grudge; Ex. We shouldn't begrudge him his success.
overbearing
bossy; domineering and arrogant; decisively important; Ex. overbearing manner/importance; V. overbear: dominate
melee
fight
s parvenu
upstart; newly rich person
n nurture
nourish; feed; educate; rear; care for while it is growing or developing; foster; cultivate; N: something that nourishes; rearing
mutablility
ability to change in form; fickleness; ADJ. mutable: able to change; fickle; CF. mutate; CF. mutant
appreciate
be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of; ADJ. appreciable: enough to be felt; Ex. appreciable difference
collate
examine and compare in order to verify authenticity; arrange in order (the sheets of a book before they are bound)
lechery
gross lewdness; lustfulness; ADJ. lecherous; N. lecher: lecherous man
intuition
immediate insight; power of knowing without reasoning; ADJ. intuitive; V. intuit: know by intuition
s reminiscent
suggestive of something (in the past); of reminiscence
trivia
trifles; unimportant matters
champion
support militantly; fight for; N: person who fights for or supports strongly (a principle, movement, person, etc.)
s figure
written symbols; number; amount represented in numbers; outline or silhouette of a thing or human body; person (well-known); impression; diagram; pattern; group in a dance; Ex. figure of speech; V. calculate with numbers; adorn with figures; appear; consider; Ex. My name did not figure in the list.
s ruminant
animal that ruminates; ADJ.
s rank
offensive in odor or flavor
n smelt
melt (ore) for separating and removing the metal; melt or blend ores changing their chemical composition
n sleeper
one that achieves unexpected success; something originally of little value or importance that in time becomes very valuable
proscribe
prohibit; ostracize; banish; outlaw
s tribune
official of ancient Rome elected by the plebians to protect their rights; protector of the people
s ooze
(of a thick liquid) pass or flow slowly; N: mud or thick liquid as at the bottom of a river
hedonist
one who believes that pleasure is the sole aim in life; CF. hedonism: practice of living one's life purely for pleasure
solstice
point or time at which the sun is farthest from the equator
harbor
give protection (by giving food and shelter); provide a refuge for; hide; keep in mind (thoughts or feelings); Ex. harbor a grudge/criminal; N: place of shelter; refuge
s indecisive
marked by indecision; inconclusive; Ex. indecisive battle
adverse
going against; opposing; unfavorable; hostile
incur
bring upon oneself
n fell
cruel; (of a disease) deadly
fathom
comprehend; investigate; determine the depth of; N. unit of measurement for the depth of water
n hindmost
furthest behind; farthest to the rear
ravel
fall apart into tangles; entangle; unravel or untwist
s abide
dwell; abide by: comply with; put up with; tolerate; Ex. abide by the rules; Ex. I can't abide rude people.
n bullion
gold and silver in the form of bars
n covenant
binding agreement between two groups or people; compact; V: enter into a covenant; promise
nautical
pertaining to ships or navigation
s embitter
make bitter; fill with painful or bitter feelings; make sad and angry; Ex. He was embittered by many disappointments.
n dour
sullen; gloomy; stubborn
n missive
letter; written statement; CF. sent
n protuberance
protrusion; swelling; bulge
s flashy
showy; gaudy; giving a momentary brilliance
retain
keep; maintain possession of; employ (esp. a lawyer or advisor); N. retainer: servant; fee paid to retain an advisor
n imbue
saturate(soak thoroughly); fill; Ex. imbue someone with feelings
n collation
a light meal; collating
n chalice
goblet; consecrated cup
n garbled
mixed up; jumbled; distorted; V. garble: mix up or distort (a message) to such an extent as to make misleading or unintelligible
amnesia
loss of memory
regal
royal; of a monarch; Ex. regal manner
n sham
pretend; feign; ADJ: not genuine; fake; Ex. sham jewelry; N: something that is not what it appears; impostor; pretense; Ex. The agreement was a sham.
s brisk
quick and active; marked by liveliness and vigor
n droll
queer and amusing
n dote
be excessively fond of; show signs of mental decline
invalidate
weaken; destroy; make invalid; nullify
hieroglyphic
picture writing; ADJ.
s plebiscite
direct vote by the entire electorate (on an important issue)
n giddy
light-hearted; not serious; frivolous; dizzy; causing dizziness; Ex. giddy youth; Ex. giddy climb/height
s luxuriate
take pleasure in great comfort
accede
agree
s nurse
suckle; take care of (as a nurse); bear in mind; Ex. nursing mother; Ex. nurse a hope/grudge against someone
n foible
small weakness of character; slight fault; CF. feeble
n hydrophobia
fear of water; rabies
saccharine
cloying sweet; characteristic of sugar or saccharin
equity
fairness; justice; OP. inequity
n camaraderie
good-fellowship; CF. comrade
pandemonium
wild tumult(commotion); wild noisy disorder; CF. Paradise Lost
jingoist
extremely aggressive and militant patriot; warlike chauvinist; N. jingoism: extreme nationalism
s tawny
brownish yellow
s fringe
decorative edge of hanging threads; edge
s dainty
delicate; delicately beautiful; fastidious; not easy to please; Ex. dainty movement/dress
s jaundice
medical condition in which the skin, the white part of the eyes, etc. turn yellow; V: affect with jaundice; affect with prejudice, envy, or hostility; bias
s court
attempt to gain; seek; woo; risk; behave so as to invite; attempt to gain the favor of by attention; Ex. court disaster
aphasia
loss of speech due to injury or illness
n disgruntle
make discontented
n immolate
offer or kill as a sacrifice (by fire)
n belated
delayed
s consonant
harmonious; in agreement; N.
n provenance
place of origin; origin or source of something; Ex. Gunpowder is of Chinese provenance; CF. come
n gaffe
social blunder
precipitate
hurl downward; throw headlong; hasten; cause to happen sooner; condense and fall as rain or snow; cause (a solid substance) to be separated from a solution; ADJ. hasty; rash; premature; sudden
n megalomania
mania for doing grandiose things; mental disorder characterized by delusions of wealth, power, or importance
n facetious
joking (often inappropriately); unserious; humorous
parity
equality; close resemblance; CF. disparate
soluble
able to be dissolved in a liquid; able to be worked out or solved
n prehensile
capable of grasping or holding (esp. by wrapping around); Ex. prehensile tails
n garrulous
loquacious; wordy; talkative; N. garrulity
notable
conspicuous; worthy of note; remarkable; important; distinguished; noted
n eschew
avoid habitually; Ex. eschew alcoholic drinks
n infidel
unbeliever (with respect to a particular religion)
n commemorative
remembering; honoring the memory of; Ex. commemorative stamp
casualty
serious or fatal accident; person killed or wounded in an accident or battle
s latch
fastening or lock consisting of a movable bar that fits into a notch; V: close with a latch
sloth
slow moving tree-dwelling mammal; laziness; ADJ. slothful: lazy; indolent
n carcinogenic
causing cancer; N. carcinogen
pathological
pertaining to disease; N. pathology: study of disease
pivotal
of a pivot; central; critical; crucial
simile
comparison of one thing with another, using the word like or as
conglomeration
mass of material sticking together
n throng
crowd (of people or things); V.
plutocracy
society ruled by the wealthy
environ
enclose; surround; N. environs: surrounding area (as of a city)
n cavalcade
procession of riders or horse-drawn carriages; parade; CF. cavalry
reprehensible
deserving blame; blameworthy; V. reprehend: blame
s primal
first in rank or importance; being first in time; original; Ex. man's primal innocence
n malleable
(of a metal) capable of being shaped by pounding(beating); pliable; (of someone) impressionable(easily influenced); easily controlled; tractable
n expletive
meaningless word; interjection; profane oath; swear-word
egoism
excessive interest in one's self; belief that one should be interested in one's self rather than in others; selfishness; ADJ. egoistic, egoistical
denigrate
blacken; defame
n clemency
disposition to be lenient in deciding punishments; mildness as of the weather; ADJ. clement
s nutritious
providing nourishment
s distract
take (one's attention) off something; upset emotionally; make anxious; ADJ. distracted
n clavicle
collarbone
n enamored
in love; Ex. enamored of his own beauty; V. enamor: inspire with love
n scurvy
contemptible; despicable; N: disease caused by deficiency of Vitamin C
franchise
right or privilege granted by authority; right to vote; license to sell a product in a particular territory
qualified
limited; restricted; V. qualify: limit the meaning of; modify
s stump
base of a tree trunk left after the rest has been cut down; V: walk in a heavy manner; baffle; puzzle
accelerate
move faster
monetary
pertaining to money
stagnant
(of water) not flowing (often bad-smelling); motionless; stale; not developing; inactive; dull; Ex. stagnant industrial output
mitigate
appease; moderate; make or become less in force or intensity
n apothegm(apophthegm)
pithy, compact saying
preamble
introductory statement
n roseate
rosy; optimistic; Ex. roseate views
n ludicrous
laughable; ridiculous; trifling
n brunt
main impact or shock (of an attack or blow); Ex. brunt of the argument
sporadic
occurring irregularly; intermittent
hybrid
mongrel; mixed breed; V. hybridize
s peevish
bad-tempered; irritable; V. peeve: make angry
n importunate
urging; always demanding; troublesomely urgent or persistent
reserve
self-control; self-restraint; formal but distant manner; reticence; Ex. without reserve: freely and openly; ADJ. reserved: shy and uncommunicative
evince
show clearly
n bereavement
state of being deprived of something valuable or beloved; state of being bereaved or bereft
n fervor
glowing ardor; intensity of feeling; quality of being fervent or fervid; zeal; intense heat
peerless
having no equal; incomparable
n protean
able to take on many forms; versatile; CF. Proteus: sea god to change his shape at will
n incandescent
strikingly bright; shining with intense heat; emitting visible light when heated; Ex. incandescent light bulb; CF. candle
n misnomer
wrong or improper name; incorrect designation
harass
annoy by repeated attacks
n crevice
crack; fissure
construe
explain; interpret; Ex. construe her silence as meaning that she agreed; CF. misconstrue
tedium
boredom; weariness; ADJ. tedious
ambience
environment; atmosphere; Ex. restraurant with a pleasant ambience; ADJ. ambient: completely surrounding; Ex. ambient temperature
nectar
drink of the gods; sweet liquid collected by bees
irresolute
uncertain how to act; weak; lacking in resolution; indecisive; N. irresolution
n candor
frankness; open honesty; ADJ. candid
deploy
spread out (troops) in an extended though shallow battle line; distribute (persons or forces) systematically or strategically
n fracas
brawl(noisy quarrel or fight) in which a number of people take part; melee
n ponderous
having great weight; weighty; unwieldy; lacking lightness; dull; Ex. ponderous body/style of writing
ramble
wander aimlessly (physically or mentally); digress
finite
limited
cathartic
purgative; medicine that causes the bowels to empty; ADJ.
homogeneous
of the same kind; uniform in composition throughout
n nirvana
in Buddhist teachings, the ideal state in which the individual loses himself in the attainment of an impersonal beatitude
n coiffure
hairstyle
n junta
group of persons joined in political intrigue; cabal; group of military officers ruling a country after seizing power (by force)
incentive
spur; motive; something which encourages one to greater activity
deadlock
standstill resulting from the opposition of two unrelenting forces; stalemate
s bearing
deportment; connection
theoretical
based on theory; not practical or applied; hypothetical
n inexorable
relentless; unyielding; implacable; not capable of being changed by entreaty or efforts; Ex. inexorable price rises
invert
turn upside down or inside out; reverse the position or condition of
aver
state confidently; declare as true
chameleon
lizard that changes color in different situations
evanescent
fleeting; vanishing; soon disappearing; V. evanesce
anomalous
abnormal; irregular
pessimism
belief that life is basically bad or evil; gloominess; tendency to take the gloomiest possible view of a situation; ADJ. pessimistic
n beleaguer
besiege or attack (with an army); harass; beset
anonymity
state of being nameless; anonymousness; ADJ. anonymous
antediluvian
antiquated; extremely ancient
n ravenous
extremely hungry; voracious
n cohorts
group of people who share some common quality; armed band; a group of between 300 and 600 soldiers under one commander (in the ancient Rome)
conceit
vanity or self-love; too high opinion of one's own value; extravagant metaphor (in poetry)
n tutelage
guardianship; training; function of a tutor; instruction
n rarefied
made less dense (of a gas); V. rarefy: make less dense; N. rarefaction
foreboding
premonition of evil; feeling of coming evil; V. forebode: be a warning of (something unpleasant)
n colander
utensil with perforated bottom used for straining
abominable
detestable; extremely unpleasant
compute
reckon; calculate
n petulant
touchy; peevish; ill-tempered
n pristine
unspoiled; remaining in a pure state; characteristic of earlier times; primitive; Ex. an old book in pristine condition
s penetrate
enter into; pierce; permeate; see through; grasp the inner significance of; understand
s comeback
retort; quick clever reply; return to former status
s self-righteous
sure of one's own righteousness; moralistic
s afterlife
life after death; later part of one's life
n braggart
boaster; bragger
conception
beginning; forming of an idea; fertilization; V. conceive: form an idea in the mind; devise; become pregnant; CF. inception
n ennui
boredom; listlessness and dissatisfaction resulting from lack of interest; CF. annoy
objective
not influenced by emotions; fair; N: goal; aim
n lithe
flexible; supple; CF. limber
compensatory
making up for; repaying
redundant
superfluous; more than is necessary; verbose; excessively wordy; repetitious
cognitive
having to do with knowing or perceiving related to the mental processes; N. cognition: the mental process of knowing
palpable
tangible; (of something bad) easily perceptible; obvious; Ex. palpable blunder
kindle
start a fire; ignite; inspire; arouse
exult
rejoice
ignite
kindle; light; catch fire or set fire to
n ineffable
unutterable; not to be uttered; taboo; that cannot be expressed in speech; indescribable; unspeakable; inexpressible; Ex. ineffable name/joy
simplistic
oversimplified
n onerous
burdensome
soliloquy
talking to oneself (esp. in a play); CF. monologue: soliloquy; long speech by one person (often monopolizing a conversation)
s curb
chain or strap used with a bit to restrain a horse; something that checks; V: check; restrain
n grueling
exhausting; Ex. grueling marathon race
n faze
disconcert; dismay; embarrass
s coma
deep prolonged unconsciousness caused by disease, poison, or a severe blow
n slapdash
hasty and careless; haphazard; sloppy(carelessly done)
n penchant
strong inclination; strong liking (esp. for something that is disapproved of by other people); Ex. penchant for fast cars
s lionize
treat (a person) as a celebrity
n mottled
blotched in coloring; spotted; Ex. mottled face; V. mottle: mark with blotches of different colors
abash
embarrass
castigation
punishment; severe criticism or disapproval
arbitrate
act as judge (at the request of both sides)
n flay
strip off skin; plunder; remove the skin from; criticize harshly
s reinstate
restore to a previous condition or position
addendum
addition; appendix to book; something that is added (as at the end of a speech or book)
n scoff
laugh (at); mock; ridicule; Ex. scoff at their threats
n miscreant
wretch; wrongdoer; villain; Ex. kindness to the miscreant; CF. believe
amiable
agreeable; lovable; warmly friendly
acuity
sharpness (of mind or senses of sight or hearing)
n diadem
crown
relinquish
give up something (with reluctance); yield; release; Ex. relinquish power/the claim to the land/his hold on my arm
fruition
bearing of fruit; fulfillment; realization; Ex. come to/be brought to fruition
realm
kingdom; field or sphere; Ex. not within the realms of possibility
s swamp
wetland; marsh; V: flood; overwhelm; drench in with liquid
gnome
dwarf; underground spirit who guards treasure hoards
receptive
quick or willing to receive (ideas, suggestions, etc.); Ex. receptive to the proposal
s spoof
parody
invincible
unconquerable
n seemly
(of behavior) proper; appropriate
commensurate
equal in extent; of the same size
incredulous
withholding belief; skeptical; showing disbelief
barrage
barrier laid down by artillery fire; overwhelming profusion; large number of questions or statements; Ex. a barrage of criticism
indulgent
humoring; yielding; lenient; showing indulgence
effectual
able to produce a desired effect; valid
n fitful
spasmodic; intermittent; irregular
judicious
sound on judgment; wise
confiscate
seize; take possession of (private property) by official order (usu. as a punishment); commandeer
incursion
temporary invasion; CF. excursion: short journey
concord
harmony; accord
n fanfare
call by bugles or trumpets; showy display; spectacular public display
s dissension
disagreement of opinions causing strife within a group
n tanner
person who turns animal hides into leather
n hireling
one who serves for hire (usually used contemptuously); one who works solely for compensation; Ex. hireling politician
embroider
decorate with needlework; ornament (a story) with fancy or fictitious details; embellish
escapade
prank; flighty conduct; reckless adventure that disobeys rules
n philology
study of language or words
n facade(fa\c{c}ade)
front or face (of building); superficial or false appearance
s groom
man employed to take care of horses; V: make neat and trim; clean and brush (an animal)
s graphite
black form of carbon used in lead pencils
n mauve
pale purple
consistency
absence of contradictions; uniformity; degree of thickness or firmness; Ex. consistency of thick cream; CF. viscous
n filing
particle removed by a file
conversant
familiar with; having knowledge of
s makeshift
temporary expedient or substitute (in the case of urgent need); Ex. makeshift shelter
salvage
rescue (goods or property) from loss; N: saving; property saved
inaugurate
begin formally; install in office; induct into office by a formal ceremony; N. inauguration; ADJ. inaugural
n caulk(calk)
make watertight (by blocking up cracks as in a ship)
s indulge
yield to; gratify; allow oneself a special pleasure; Ex. indulge one's every whim/a child/in a big cigarette; N. indulgence
stratagem
deceptive scheme; clever trick
concoct
prepare by mixing or combining; make up in concert; devise (something false) so as to deceive; Ex. concoct an elaborate excuse for being late; N. concoction
n elegy
poem or song expressing lamentation (for the dead); ADJ. elegiacal, elegiac
n litotes
understatement for emphasis; Ex. ``not bad(=pretty good)''
n credo
creed
n capitulate
surrender; give up all resistance
baffle
frustrate; perplex
oscillate
vibrate pendulumlike; waver
n modulate
tone down in intensity; change the intensity or tone of; regulate; change from one musical key to another; Ex. modulate from E to G
temperament
characteristic frame of mind; disposition; emotional excess; ADJ. temperamental: of temperament; having frequent changes of temper; Ex. temperamental dislike of sports; Ex. temperamental actress
frivolous
lacking in seriousness; flippant; self-indulgently carefree; unworthy of serious attention; relatively unimportant; trivial
d\'ebris
rubble; wreckage; scattered remains of something broken or destroyed
n downcast
disheartened; dejected; sad; directed downward
misdemeanor
minor crime; misdeed; wrongdoing
hibernate
sleep throughout the winter; N. hibernation
n privy
secret; hidden; not public; made a participant in something secret; Ex. privy chamber government; Ex. be privy to a discussion; CF. private
n transpire
(of a fact) become known; be revealed; happen; give off (watery waste matter) through pores
resonant
(of a sound) echoing; resounding(sounding loudly); deep and full in sound; producing resonance; Ex. resonant voice; N. resonance
s stun
make unconscious or numb as by a blow; amaze; astound
n sheaf
bundle of stalks of grain; any bundle of things tied together
devise
think up; invent; plan; bequeath; N: bequest
laud
praise; N. ADJ. laudable: praiseworthy; ADJ. laudatory: expressing praise
n lap
take in food or drink with one's tongue; splash gently; Ex. waves lapping the shore; N: front area from the waist to the knees of a seated person
s eventual
happening at last as a result; Ex. eventual victory
n rakish
jaunty; stylish; sporty; morally corrupt; dissolute; Ex. He wore his hat at a rakish and jaunty angle.
s mass
Christian religious ceremony; CF. Mass: ceremony of the Eucharist
s deserts
what someone deserves
climactic
relating to the highest point; N. climax; CF. climatic
n flag
droop; grow feeble; decline in vigor or strength; ADJ. flagging; CF. unflagging
trajectory
path taken by a projectile; Ex. trajectory of a bullet
n pander
cater to (the low desires of others)
cognizance
knowledge; ADJ. cognizant; having knowledge; aware
n appellation
name; title
martyr
one who voluntarily suffers death for his or her religion or cause; great sufferer; Ex. martyr to his rheumatism
refraction
bending of a ray of light
s confide
tell in confidence (to a person one trusts); be confident about
inflated
exaggerated; pompous; enlarged (with air or gas)
n sextant
navigation tool used to determine a ship's latitude and longitude (by measuring the altitudes of stars)
s resourceful
clever and imaginative (in dealing with difficult situations); N. resource, resourcefulness
glutton
someone who eats too much; ADJ. gluttonous: given to gluttony; greedy; CF. gluttony: habit of eating too much
skirmish
minor fight; minor battle in war; V.
traduce
expose to slander
n ethnic
relating to races
s recline
lie down
ebb
(of the tide) recede; lessen; diminish; N. OP. flow: rise of tide
s elastic
able to spring back into shape; quick to recover (as from disappointment); able to adapt to change; Ex. elastic plans; N: elastic material
n modicum
limited quantity; small amount; Ex. He does not have a modicum of sense; CF. moderate
beneficent
kindly; doing good
n disport
amuse; Ex. disport oneself; CF. divert
n brusque
blunt; abrupt; curt; not wanting to waste time being nice
n latitude
freedom from narrow limitations
hallucination
delusion; false idea; false perception of objects with a compelling sense of their reality; objects so perceived; V. hallucinate; ADJ. hallucinatory
transgression
violation of a law; sin; V. transgress: go beyond (a limit); violate; do wrong
provincial
pertaining to a province; limited in outlook; narrow; unsophisticated
n awl
pointed tool used for piercing
n maverick
rebel; nonconformist (in a group)
dissuade
persuade not to do; discourage; N. dissuasion
timidity
lack of self-confidence or courage
n deadpan
wooden; impassive; with no show of feeling; with an expressionless face
melancholy
gloomy; morose; blue; N. ADJ. melancholic; CF. melancholia
exodus
departure (of a large number of people)
resuscitate
revive; bring back to life or consciousness; Ex. resuscitate the drowned child
n matriculate
enroll (in college or graduate school); CF. matrix
n lout
clumsy person; ADJ. loutish; CF. from countrysides ?
s frock
long loose garment (worn by monks)
s galley
low ship with sails (rowed along by slaves)
s corpus
collection (of writings or information); Ex. the corpus of Shakespear's works; Cf. corpse
n catalyst
agent which brings about a chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged; CF. catalysis
n parable
short simple story teaching a moral
n cantata
story set to music to be sung by a chorus (shorter than an oratorio)
s torpedo
underwater explosive apparatus; V.
n oracular
of an oracle; prophetic; uttered as if with divine authority; mysterious or ambiguous; hard to understand; N. oracle: wiser person; prophecy made by an oracle
claustrophobia
fear of being locked in
impel
drive or force onward; drive to take action; urge to action
s poise
good judgment with composure; balance; V: place in a carefully balanced position
abstinence
restraint from pleasant things, esp. eating or drinking; CF. abstention: act of abstaining from vote
n rousing
lively; inducing excitement; stirring; V. rouse: waken; arouse from sleep or depression; excite; stir up
malediction
curse
n gorge
narrow canyon; steep rocky cleft; ravine (made by a stream which runs through it)
imperceptible
unnoticeable; impossible to perceive; undetectable
n revelry
boisterous merrymaking; V. revel: engage boisterous festivities; enjoy greatly; N: boisterous festivity or celebration
assent
agree; accept; N. assessment
conformity
harmony; agreement with established rules or customs; similarity; Ex. behave in conformity with; V. conform: be similar; act in agreement; comply; Ex. conform to the rule; CF. conformance
n dinghy
small boat (often ship's boat)
assurance
firm statement that something is certainly true; promise or pledge; certainty; confidence in one's own ability; self-confidence; Ex. In spite of all his assurances, he did not come back; Ex. assurance of his loyalty; Ex. The teacher lacked assurance in fron of his class; V. assure; tell firmly with confidence; ensure; make (something) certain to heappen; make (someone) feel sure; give confidence to; ADJ. assured: self-assured; confident in one's own ability; showing certainty
distend
expand; swell out
s attire
clothe; N: clothing; array; apparel
n coup
highly successful action or sudden attack; coup(s) d'\'etat; CF. coup de gr\^ace: deathblow or shot which kills
n heinous
atrocious; wicked; hatefully bad; Ex. heinous crime
s humor
indulge; comply with the wishes of; N. quality that makes something amusing; state of mind; mood; Ex. in a bad humor; Ex. out of humor
abase
lower; degrade; humiliate; make humble; make (oneself) lose self-respect
regeneration
spiritual rebirth; Ex. regeneration of the prisoners; V. regenerate: give or obtain new life; reform spiritually
n disingenuous
not naive; not candid; sophisticated; worldly wise; OP. ingenuous
n promote
advance in rank; advance; help to flourish; advocate; help actively in forming; publicize or popularize; Ex. Milk promotes health; Ex. promote a match/bill; Ex. promote a new product
n nugatory
worthless; futile
censor
(in ancient Rome) overseer of morals (also taking the census); person who eliminates inappropriate matter; V.
reconcile
make friendly again (after quarrel); make consistent (two ideas in opposition); correct inconsistencies; Ex. reconcile one's political principles with one's religious beliefs
n demoniac(demoniacal)
fiendish; cruel; N. demon: evil supernatural being; devil
s kneel
go down on one's knee(s)
n promulgate
announce; proclaim a doctrine or law; make known by official publication
n quirk
sudden sharp turn or twist; startling twist; caprice; idiosyncrasy; peculiarity of behavior; Ex. by a quirk of fate
surveillance
close observation of a person (esp. one under suspicion); watching; guarding
accost
approach and speak first to a person
s effectuate
effect; produce; achieve; Ex. effectuate a reconciliation
s scion
detached plant shoot used in grafting; descendant
exigency
urgent situation; ADJ. exigent
optometrist
one who fits glasses to remedy visual defects
deface
mar; disfigure
elated
filled with excited joy and pride; overjoyed; in high spirits; joyful and proud; Ex. elated crowd; V. elate; N. elation
s pedigree
line of ancestors; ancestry; lineage; ADJ. (of an animal) descended from of a chosen family; Ex. pedigree dog; CF. crane's foot
s historic
important in history; Ex. historic battle
n bombastic
pompous; using inflated language
n silt
sediment deposited by running water (at the entrance to a harbor or by a bend in a river)
n fancier
breeder or dealer of animals; one who has a special interest, as for raising specific plant or animal
n fledgling(fledgeling)
inexperienced; N: young bird that has acquired wing feathers and is learning to fly; inexperienced person
n jaunt
trip; short journey
n gall
annoy; exasperate; chafe; N: skin sore caused by rubbing (as on the skin of a horse); exasperation
n martinet
strict disciplinarian; person who demands total obedience to rules and orders; CF. Jean Martinet
n betoken
signify; indicate; be a sign of
recurrent
occurring again and again
n coterie
group that meets socially; select circle; close group of people with shared interests
forestall
prevent by taking action in advance
s marrow
soft fatty tissue that fills most bone cavities and is the source of blood cells
n insalubrious
unwholesome; not healthful; Ex. insalubrious place
charisma
divine gift; great popular charm or appeal; magnetism
n rampant
growing or spreading uncontrollably; growing in profusion; unrestrained; Ex. rampant lawlessness/weed
hypothetical
based on assumptions or hypotheses; supposed; N. hypothesis
s psychic
of psyche; mental; of or possessing extraordinary mental powers
blunder
error; stupid mistake
n poseur
person who pretends to be sophisticated, elegant, etc., to impress others; person who poses; CF. pose
n luminary
celebrity (in a specific field); dignitary; object that gives light (as a celestial body)
deviate
turn away from (a principle, norm); move away from an accepted standard; swerve; depart; diverge; N. deviation; Ex. deviation of the path of light by a prism
centaur
mythical figure, half man and half horse
artifacts
object made by human beings, either hand-made or mass-produced
s chant
tune(melody) in which a number of words are sung on the same note; V: sing (a chant); utter (a slogan) in the manner of a chant
s requisition
formal demand or request; Ex. requisition for more computing equipment; V.
annex
attach; add to a large thing; take possession of; incorporate (territory) into a larger existing political unit (by force); N: building added to a large one
alcove
nook; recess
prerogative
privilege; unquestionable right; CF. ask before
n balmy
soft and mild (of air); fragrant
n censorious
severely critical
transitory
transient; impermanent; fleeting; N. transitoriness
s genus
division of animals or plants, below a family and above a species
n curmudgeon
churlish, miserly individual; bad-tempered old person
profusion
great amount; plenty; overabundance; excess; lavish expenditure; Ex. profusion of choices; ADJ. profuse: plentiful; copious; giving or given abundantly; extravagant
n dulcet
sweet sounding; pleasing to the ear; melodious
lethal
deadly
commandeer
take (private property) for military use without needing permission or giving payment; draft for military purposes
oratorio
dramatic poem set to music; long musical work with singing but without acting; CF. cantata
caricature
distortion; burlesque
enjoin
command; order; forbid
n bereaved
deprived of (someone beloved through death)
patronize
support; act superior toward; treat in a condescending manner; be a customer of; N. patron: one that supports; regular customer; N. patronage; CF. boycott
n ruse
trick to deceive; stratagem
implicit
understood but not stated; implied; unquestioning and complete; Ex. implicit trust
ebullient
showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm; boiling; N. ebullience; N. ebullition: state of boiling
n overblown
inflated; exaggerated
n canine
related to dogs; doglike
acrid
bitter (to the taste or smell); sharp; bitterly pungent
n brackish
somewhat saline
lethargic
drowsy; dull; N. lethargy: state of sluggishness and inactivity
s sovereignty
complete independence and self-government (of a country); supremacy of authority; power to govern
cascade
small waterfall
antecedents
preceding events that influence what comes later; ancestors or early background
n gruff
rough-mannered; (of a voice) rough; hoarse
n patina
green crust on old bronze works or copper; tone slowly taken by varnished painting
ecologist
person concerned with the interrelationship between living organisms and their environment; person concerned with the detrimental effects of human civilization on the environment; CF. ecology
s score
number of points; written form of a musical composition; reason; group of 20; notch or incision; Ex. full/vocal score; Ex. Don't worry on that score; V: mark with lines or notches; Ex. score the paper to make it easy to fold
simulate
feign; imitate
linguistic
pertaining to language
n tipple
drink (alcoholic beverages) frequently; N: alcoholic drink
n tumult
commotion of a great crowd; riot; noise; uproar; ADJ. tumultuous: noisy and disorderly
undulating
moving with a wavelike motion; V. undulate; CF. und: wave
contaminate
pollute
s slaughter
killing of animals for food; massacre; V: butcher (animals) for food; kill in large numbers
insurmountable
overwhelming; unbeatable; insuperable
drudgery
hard unpleasant work; menial work
bicameral
two-chambered as a legislative body
beseech
beg; plead with
herbivorous
grain-eating; CF. herbivore
n disinter
dig up; unearth; OP. inter
n uncouth
boorish; clumsy in speech or behavior; outlandish
trifling
trivial; unimportant
n hermetic
sealed by fusion so as to be airtight; airtight
n artless
without guile; open and honest
s grim
causing great fear; unrelenting; determined in spite of fear; Ex. grim smile
s blackball
vote against (an applicant); ostracize; N: negative vote
n equivocal
(of words or statements) ambiguous; intentionally misleading; (of behavior) questionable; OP. unequivocal
ambulatory
able to walk
n trilogy
group of three related works (connected by a shared subject but each complete in itself)
n impervious
impenetrable; incapable of being damaged or distressed; incapable of being affected (in one's opinions); Ex. impervious to water/criticism
s gloss
brief explanation note or translation of a difficult expression; V.
n palimpsest
parchment or piece of writing material used for second time after original writing has been erased
forlorn
sad and lonely; wretched; desolate
n pallet
small poor bed; Ex. straw pallet
n perquisite(perk)
any gain above stipulated salary; Ex. perquisites such as free meals and a car
consummate
complete; V.
n pellucid
transparent; limpid(crystal clear); clear in meaning; easy to understand
n sear
burn the surface of; char or burn; brand; parch; cause (a plant) to wither
s psychosomatic
of the influence of the mind on the body (esp. with respect to disease)
s straggle
stray or fall behind (a main group); spread out in a scattered group; Ex. straggling marathon racer; Ex. straggling branch
transcribe
copy; write a copy of; N. transcription
n ichthyology
study of fish; CF. ichthyo-: fish
n actuate
motivate; activate; cause to act
s stammer
speak with involuntarily pauses or repetitions
audit
examination of accounts of a business; official examination; V.
platonic
purely spiritual; theoretical; without sensual desire
s stench
strong foul odor; reek; stink
malign
speak evil of; bad-mouth(criticize spitefully); defame; ADJ: harmful; Ex. malign influence
celestial
heavenly
n doggerel
poor verse
graduated
arranged by degrees (of height, difficulty, etc.)
n penumbra
partial shadow (in an eclipse); CF. almost shadow
genre
particular variety of art or literature
n belie
contradict; give a false impression; disguise; Ex. The poor sales belied our high hopes; Ex. Her smile belies her true feeling of displeasure.
s wholesome
conducive to mental or physical health; healthful
n moribund
dying; at the point of death; CF. death
n circumspect
prudent; cautious; acting after careful thought
amorous
moved by sexual love; loving; of sexual love; Ex. amorous advances
s capsize
(of a boat) turn over
fabricate
build; lie; make up (a story) in order to deceive; Ex. fabricate the whole story; CF. fabric: underlying structure; Ex. fabric of society
s rotund
(of a person) fat and round
n corrugated
wrinkled; ridged
s swarm
large group of insects moving in a mass; crowd of people or animals; V: move in a crowd or mass
n bigotry
stubborn intolerance
collusion
conspiring in a fraudulent scheme to cheat or deceive others; V. collude
s charm
quality of pleasing; amulet; action or formula thought to have magical power; spell; V: attract; cast a spell on; bewitch
s homely
not good-looking; unattractive
s flirt
behave in a way that attracts (sexual) attention; deal triflingly with; N: one (or woman) given to flirting; ADJ. flirtatious
n modish
fashionable; conforming to the current fashion
s compost
mixture of decaying organic matter used as fertilizer; V: put or make compost
incline
slope; slant; Ex. steep incline
n cozen
cheat; hoodwink; swindle
n refractory
unmanageable; disobedient and stubborn; Ex. refractory horse
s token
outward sign; Ex. a token of our gratitude
n expansive
(of a person) outgoing and sociable; broad and extensive; able to increase in size
hazardous
dangerous
alleviate
relieve (pain)
n burlesque
give an imitation that ridicules; imitate mockingly
angular
sharp-cornered; having an angle; not rounded (body); bony; lean; gaunt; stiff in manner
n hermetic
concerning alchemy or magic; obscure and mysterious; occult
s enlist
(cause to) join the armed forces; obtain (help, sympathy, or support)
n apologist
one who writes in defense of a cause or institution; N. apologia
s blush
become red in the face (from embarrassment or shame); become red or rosy; N.
n forsake
desert; abandon; renounce
entice
lure; persuade to do (something wrong); attract; tempt
dialectical
relating to the art of debate; mutual or reciprocal; Ex. dialectical situation; N. dialectic: art of arriving at the truth by the exchange of logical arguments
n instigate
start; urge; provoke; incite; Ex. instigate a search/quarrel
repeal
revoke; annul
somnambulist
sleepwalker; V. somnambulate; N. somnambulism
s distinct
clearly different; clearly noticed
leniency
mildness; permissiveness; ADJ. lenient: not severe in judgment or punishment
s dispense
distribute; prepare and give out (medicines); N. dispensation: dispensing; religious system; official exemption from an obligation or a rule
plausible
conceivably true; having a show of truth but open to doubt; specious
s sidetrack
switch (a railroad car) to a siding; divert from a main issue; N. CF. siding: short section of railroad track connected by switches with a main track
n dilettante
aimless follower of an art or a field of knowledge (not taking it seriously); amateur; dabbler; CF. delight
cogent
convincing
typhoon
tropical hurricane or cyclone
attentive
alert and watchful; listening carefully; paying attention; considerate; thoughtful; politely helpful; Ex. attentive audience; Ex. He was attentive to the old lady; N. attentions: act of courtesy and consideration
n rectitude
moral correctness; moral uprightness; moral virtue; correctness of judgment
pillory
punish by placing in a wooden frame or pillory; subject or expose to criticism and ridicule; N.
transmute
transform; change; convert to something different
n riveting
holding one's attention; absorbing; engrossing
n delve
dig; search deeply; investigate
s romp
play or frolic boisterously; gambol; N.
artisan
a manually skilled worker
n pretentious
ostentatious; showy; pompous; making unjustified claims; overambitious; Ex. pretentious films that claim to be art
contortions
twistings; distortions; V. contort: twist violently out of shape; CF. contortionist
marital
pertaining to marriage
n impeach
charge (a public official) with crime in office; raise doubts about; indict; Ex. impeach a witness's credibility
n mendicant
beggar; ADJ: living as a beggar
s blues
state of depression or melancholy; style of slow, mournful music (evolved from southern Black American songs)
extricate
free from an entanglement or difficulty; disentangle
n courier
messenger
s suitor
man who is courting a woman
s bound
leap or spring; limit or confine; constitute the limit of; Ex. bounded by Canada; N: leap or jumping; boundary; ADJ: certain; having a duty to do something (legally or morally); confined by bonds; Ex. We are bound to be late; Ex. I am bound to say my opinion; CF. bounce, rebound
s enterprise
willingness to take new ventures; initiative; business organization; plan (that is difficult or daring); Ex. their latest enterprise to sail round the world in a small boat
propriety
fitness; quality of being proper; correct conduct; conformity to prevailing customs and usages; CF. proprietor, proprietary
s glare
shine intensely and blindingly; stare fixedly and angrily; N.
s stout
rather fat; strong in body; sturdy; resolute; determined; strong in determination; Ex. stout stick/supporter
n placebo
harmless substance prescribed as a dummy pill
n obtrude
push (oneself or one's ideas) forward or intrude; impose (oneself or one's ideas) on others; butt in; stick out or extrude; thrust out; Ex. obtrude A on B; ADJ. obtrusive; N. obtrusion; CF. unobtrusive
divine
perceive intuitively (by or as if by magic); foresee the future; foretell; dowse; ADJ. N. divination
irremediable
incurable; uncorrectable; impossible to remedy
n problematic
causing a problem; open to doubt; doubtful; unsettled; questionable; Ex. Whether the arena will ever be completed is problematic.
n funereal
sad; solemn; suitable for a funeral
n nubile
marriageable; of marriageable age; CF. connubial
desecrate
profane; violate the sanctity of
mobile
movable; not fixed; N. mobility
n dubious
questionable; (of something) causing doubt; (of someone) filled with doubt; N. dubiety
n sedulous
diligent; assiduous; paying attention; N. sedulity
s beware
be cautious (of)
suppliant
entreating; beseeching; N.
intermittent
periodic; on and off; stopping and starting at intervals
n bilk
swindle; cheat
n comatose
in a coma; extremely sleepy
n subpoena
writ(written command issued by a court) summoning a witness to appear in court; V: summon with a subpoena
audacious
daring; bold; N. audacity
s artery
blood-vessel; CF. vein
n impute
attribute; ascribe; charge; N. imputation
n glossy
smooth and shining; N. gloss: shiny brightness on a surface; superficially attractive appearance; Ex. gloss of good manners
n peroration
conclusion of an oration; perorating; V. perorate: conclude a speech; speak at great length
explicit
totally clear; definite; outspoken
tempo
speed of music
n traumatic
(of an experience) deeply shocking; pertaining to an injury caused by violence; N. trauma: serious wound; emotional shock that causes lasting psychological damage
malevolent
wishing evil; exhibiting ill will; N. malevolence
n indubitable
unable to be doubted; which cannot be doubted; unquestionable
n scourge
lash; whip (formerly used for punishment); source of severe punishment; V: whip; afflict
n immure
imprison; shut up in confinement; CF. wall
s handsome
large in quantity; generous; Ex. handsome reward
rejuvenate
make young again
n slur
pronounce indistinctly; speak indistinctly; mumble
anthropologist
student of the history and science of humankind
demagogue
person who appeals to people's prejudice; false leader of people; CF. demagoguery
countenance
approve; support; tolerate; Ex. countenance his rude behavior; N: face; appearance
insatiable
not easily satisfied; unquenchable; Ex. insatiable appetite
cite
quote; commend; Ex. cited for bravery in an official record
benefactor
gift giver; patron; person who does good or who gives money for a good purpose
s mime
pantomime(act without dialogue); mimicry; mimer; V: mimic; pantomime
saga
Scandinavian myth; any legend; long heroic narrative
requisite
necessary requirement; something required; ADJ: required; necessary
insolence
impudent disrespect; haughtiness; ADJ. insolent; CF. haughty + rude
formality
ceremonious quality; ceremonious adherence to rules; something done just for form's sake; Ex. mere formality
oculist
physician who specializes in treatment of the eyes
n tepid
lukewarm; slightly warm; ¹ÌÁö±ÙÇÑ; half-hearted; not eager; Ex. tepid reaction to the new film; Ex. tepid supporter
n skimp
provide or use scantily; live very economically; Ex. skimp on necessities; ADJ. skimpy: inadequate in amount; scanty; stingy; niggardly
n emboss
produce a design in raised relief; decorate with a raised design
n sagacious
wise; perceptive; shrewd; having insight; N. sagacity
saboteur
one who commits sabotage; destroyer of property; N. sabotage: destruction of property (usually carried out secretly)
n disaffected
disloyal; lacking loyality; V. disaffect: cause to lose affection or loyalty
s outlaw
fugitive from the law (excluded from legal protection); V: declare (someone) to be an outlaw; deprive of the protection of the law; declare illegal; Ex. Drinking has been outlawed.
s prosper
become successful (esp. financially); thrive; grow well; Ex. children prospering under his care
s toss
throw lightly; move or lift (the head) with a sudden motion; flip (a coin) to decide something
perturb
disturb greatly
n apolitical
having an aversion or lack of concern for political affairs
n knead
mix; work dough; mix and work into a uniform mass (with the hands); Ex. knead dough
n jollity
gaiety; cheerfulness; ADJ. jolly: merry; gay
futile
useless; hopeless; ineffectual
sanguinary
bloody; with much bloodshed
n hoard
stockpile; accumulate for future use; N: supply stored for future use
attest
testify; bear witness
n foster
rear; bring up (for a certain period only); encourage; promote the development of (feelings or ideas); Ex. help foster friendly relations; ADJ: giving parental care although not related by blood; Ex. foster parents
heterogeneous
dissimilar; mixed; not homogeneous; consisting of dissimilar elements or plants
actuary
someone who advises insurance companies
n subsume
include (as a member of a group); encompass
n stockade
wooden enclosure or pen; fixed line of posts used as defensive barrier
s sullen
silently showing ill humor or resentment; dark; gloomy
n obnoxious
offensive; disagreeable; Ex. obnoxious smell
n pith
core or marrow; spongelike substance in the center of stems; essence; substance
n askance
with a sideways or indirect look (with disapproval or distruct); Ex. look askance at
s outlook
point of view; view from a particular place; expectation for the future; prospect; Ex. outlook on life; Ex. pleasing outlook; Ex. weather outlook
dexterous
skillful; skill in using hands or mind; N. dexterity
affable
easily approachable; easy to talk to; warmly friendly
irreconcilable
impossible to reconcile; incompatible; not able to be resolved
n stanch
stop or check flow of blood; Ex. stanch the gushing wound
s commonwealth
nation governed by the people; republic; people of a nation
s dishonor
disgrace; N. ADJ. dishonorable
purport
intention; purpose; meaning; V: claim; profess; Ex. order which purports to be signed by the general
coalesce
combine; fuse; N. coalescence
goad
urge on; drive with a goad; cause (someone) to do something by continued annoyance; Ex. They goaded him into doing it by saying he was a coward; N: sharp-pointed stick for driving cattle; stimulus; CF. annoy continually
incontrovertible
indisputable; impossible to dispute; not open to question; unquestionable
lateral
of or coming from the side
n careen
lurch; sway from side to side; move with irregular swinging movement; stagger
inveterate
deep-rooted; habitual; CF. grow old
s rasp
(of a sound) grate on (eg. nerves); make a harsh noise; have an unpleasant effect; rub with something rough; Ex. The cat's tongue rasped my hand.
resignation
patiently submissiveness; statement that one is quitting a job; ADJ. resigned: acquiescent
prodigious
enormous; marvelous; extraordinary; Ex. prodigious amount/memory
s monograph
scholarly article
n duress
forcible restraint, especially unlawfully; coercion by threat; illegal coercion; Ex. a promise made under duress
scanty
meager; insufficient
satirical
using satire; mocking
n knoll
little round hill; hillock
n shirk
avoid (responsibility, work, etc.); malinger
comprise
include; consist of
precipitant
something that causes a substance in a chemical solution to separate out in solid form; ħÀüÁ¦; OP. solvent
encompass
surround; include; Ex. His activities encompass publishing and computers.
s flip
send (something) spinning, often into the air, by striking with a light quick blow; turn over; Ex. flip over
surmount
overcome
s feature
distinctive part of the faces (as the eyes or mouth); features: overall appearance of the face; prominent or distinctive quality; prominent article; film; V: make prominent
n ulterior
intentionally hidden; beyond what is evident; situated beyond; unstated and often questionable; Ex. ulterior motive
s compulsory
obligatory; that must be done
obliterate
destroy completely; wipe out; Ex. obliterate the village
s falsify
make (something written) false by changing
n muster
gather; assemble (troops); Ex. muster up one's strength for the ordeal; N.
s dowse
use a divining rod to search for underground water or minerals
s tint
slight degree of color; V: give a tint to
n flick
light stroke as with a whip; V: move with a light quick blow; strike with a light quick blow (as from a whip); Ex. flick the switch
rectify
set right; correct; CF. rect-: right
s entourage
group of attendants; retinue; CF. surround
n baleful
evil; malignant in intent or effect; deadly; having a malign influence; portending evil; ominous; threatening; Ex. baleful look
expiate
make amends for (a sin)
s nausea
feeling of sickness and desire to vomit; disgust; CF. seasickness
pathetic
causing sadness, compassion, pity; touching
s juridical
of the law and its administration; CF. judicial: of courts of law; CF. judiciary
n spate
sudden flood or rush; Ex. spate of accidents
coercion
use of force to get someone to object; compelling; V. coerce
n opus
work (esp. musical composition); Ex. magnum opus: masterpiece; CF. opera
implement
put into effect; enforce; carry out; supply with tools; Ex. implement the plan/suggestion; N: tool or instrument
s pedigree
ancestry; lineage
perspicuity
clearness of expression; freedom from ambiguity
n simper
smirk; smile in a silly way; smile affectedly
n coy
shy (flirtatiously); showing a (pretended) lack of self-confidence; modest; coquettish; CF. job offer¸¦ ¹Þ¾ÒÀ» ¶§
regicide
murder of a king or queen
incessant
uninterrupted; unceasing
n minutiae
petty or trivial details; CF. minutia
sustain
suffer (harm or loss); experience; support; prop; maintain; keep in existence; nourish (to maintain life); Ex. sustain the family/the trapped miners
n piquant
pleasantly tart-tasting; spicy; pleasantly stimulating; Ex. piquant situation when my old enemy asked for my help
orient
get one's bearings; adjust; make familiar with a situation; orientate
s memorial
something, such as a monument or holiday, intended to honor the memory of a person or event; ADJ: commemorative
n grovel
crawl or creep on ground; remain prostrate; behave in a servile manner
n percussion
striking one object against another sharply; Ex. percussion instrument; N: striking together of two bodies; sound caused by percussion
n douse
plunge into water or liquid; dip; immerse; drench; wet throughly; extinguish; throw water over; dowse
n raspy
making a harsh noise; grating; harsh
injurious
harmful; causing injury
condign
adequate; (of punishment) severe and well deserved
s frolic
play and jump about happily; frisk; Ex. frolicking young lambs
ablution
washing
s credential
evidence concerning one's authority; written proof of a person's position; Ex. The new ambassador presented his credentials to the court.
n shackle
chain; fetter; confine with shackles; N.
s except
exclude; N. exception: objection; exclusion; ADJ. exceptional: unusual; of unusually high quality
animosity
active enmity
irretrievable
impossible to recover or regain; CF. retrieve
s rabble
mob; noisy crowd
n cataclysm
deluge; upheaval; earthquake; violent and sudden event or change
obstreperous
boisterous; noisy and uncontrollable
erudite
(of a person or book) learned; full of learning; scholarly; N. erudition
contumacious
stubborn and disobedient; resisting authority (esp. disobedient to an order made by a court)
s favoritism
display of partiality toward a favored person
n catcall
shout of disapproval or displeasure (made at the theater or a sports match); boo; V.
academic
related to a school; not practical or directly useful
dispatch
speediness; prompt execution; message sent with all due speed; V: send to a specified destination; finish promptly; kill
statute
law enacted by the legislature
s overwhelm
(of water) cover completely; defeat completely by much greater force; Ex. overwhelmed by grief
propound
put forth for consideration or analysis; set forth; Ex. propound a problem/theory
n apiary
a place where bees are kept
n scintillate
sparkle; flash; be animated; be full of life; Ex. scintillating conversation
combustible
easily burned; N. CF. combustion
calculated
deliberately planned; likely
n stint
set limits in amount or number; be thrifty; ADJ. stinting, unstinting; CF. stint:savings
n barefaced
shameless and noticeable; blatant; bold; unconcealed; having no covering on the face; Ex. barefaced lie
s frisk
move about playfully; froric; ADJ. frisky: playful
surpass
exceed
n animus
hostile feeling or intent; animosity; hostility; disposition
specious
seemingly reasonable but incorrect; misleading (often intentionally)
anguish
acute pain; extreme suffering
s nuptial
of marriage or the wedding ceremony; N; nuptials; wedding ceremony
n hubris
arrogance; excessive self-conceit
sublimate
refine; purify; replace (natural urges) with socially acceptable activities; change between a solid state and a gaseous state
n berserk
mad with violent anger; frenzied; madly excited
n feral
(of an animal) not domestic; wild
n mealymouthed
indirect in speech (when something unpleasant must be said); hypocritical; evasive
n detached
emotionally removed; free from emotional involvement; calm and objective; physically separate; N. detachment; CF. attachment
n frolicsome
prankish; gay; playful; merry; frisky
disparate
basically different; impossible to compare; unrelated
n foliage
masses of leaves; CF. defoliate
s nourish
provide with food necessary for life and growth
s sober
serious; solemn; not drunken; abstemious or temperate; V: make or become sober
n brittle
hard but easily broken; difficult; unstable; Ex. brittle situation
parody
humorous imitation; spoof; takeoff; travesty; V.
panoramic
denoting an unobstructed and comprehensive view; N. panorama: unbroken view of a wide area
curtail
shorten; reduce
detraction
slandering; aspersion; detracting; CF. detractor
n carousal
drunken revel; V. carouse
proximity
nearness; ADJ. proximate
deliberate
consider; ponder; ADJ: done on purpose; slow
n spurn
reject disdainfully; scorn; Ex. She spurned all offers of help.
onslaught
vicious assault; fierce attack; Ex. unexpected onslaught of the enemy
indeterminate
uncertain; not clearly fixed; indefinite
s engulf
surround and swallow up
n arroyo
gully; narrow channel formed by rainwater
n fodder
coarse food for cattle, horses, etc.; feed for livestock; CF. food
malingerer
one who feigns illness to escape duty; V. malinger: feign illness to avoid work
n pedant
scholar who overemphasizes book learning, trivial details of learning, or technicalities
s consanguineous(consanguine)
having a common ancestor
n sage
person celebrated for wisdom; wise person; ADJ: wise
exemplary
serving as a model; outstanding; Ex. exemplary punishment/behavior; N. exemplar: typical example; model
n plaintive
expressing sorrow; mournful; Ex. plaintive song
convivial
pleasantly merry; festive; joyous; gay; characterized by joviality; jovial
n skiff
small light sailboat or rowboat
n bombardment
attack (as with missiles or bombs); V. bombard
conduit
aqueduct; passageway for fluids
s fertile
producing many young, fruits, or seeds; (of land) producing good crops; V. fertilize
incumbent
obligatory; imposed as an obligation; currently holding an office; N: person who holds an office
n continence
self-restraint; sexual chastity; sexual abstinence; voluntary control over bladder and bowel functions; ADJ. continent
s quicksilver
mercury
apocalyptic
prophetic; pertaining to revelations especially of disaster; N. apocalypse
n lexicon
dictionary
s growl
low, guttural, menacing sound (as of a dog)
entrepreneur
businessperson (who assumes the risk of a business venture); contractor; ADJ. entrepreneurial
arcane
esoteric; secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated; Ex. arcane ritual; Ex. arcane process closed to the uninitiated listener
s reverend
deserving reverence; N: priest
s tickle
touch (the body) lightly so as to cause laughter; please
n kindred
related; belonging to the same group; similar in nature or character; Ex. kindred languages; N: relative; kin; kinship
autonomous
self-governing; N. autonomy
s flicker
burn unsteadily or fitfully; move waveringly; N: flickering movement or light; brief sensation; Ex. flicker of excitement
n periphery
outside edge especially of a round surface; perimeter; Ex. periphery of the town
s shift
change position or place; exchange (one thing) for another; change in direction or position; Ex. shift the stolen goods; N. group of workers which takes turns with other groups; working period of such a group
s drip
fall or let fall in drops; shed drops; N: action or sound of falling in drops; liquid that falls in drops
n lien
legal claim or right on a property
s sterile
incapable of producing young; free from microorganism; V. sterilize
temper
moderate; make less severe; tone down or restrain; toughen (steel) as by alternate heating and cooling
n illimitable
infinite; limitless
s blight
plant disease; V: infect with blight; ruin; destroy
unassuaged
unsatisfied; not soothed
prostrate
stretch out full on ground; make prostrate; enervate; Ex. prostrating illness; ADJ: lying face down; having lost all strength
reiterate
repeat
remiss
negligent; careless about a duty
n demure
(of a woman or child) grave; quiet and serious; coy; pretending to be demure
muted
silent; muffled; toned down; Ex. muted traffic noise
n mollycoddle
pamper; coddle; baby; indulge excessively
s tend
have a tendency; take care of; minister; serve at; apply one's attention; attend
disenfranchise
disfranchise; deprive of a civil right; OP. enfranchise
s fussy
fastidious; finicky; easily upset
complicity
participation; involvement (in a questionable act or a crime)
s overturn
turn over; capsize; topple
embrace
hug; clasp with the arms; adopt or espouse; accept readily; encircle; include; Ex. embrace the cause/socialism; Ex. all-embracing; CF. brace; CF. bracelet
s tan
convert (hide) into leather; make brown by exposure to the sun
n tenuous
thin; slim; rare
autopsy
examination of a dead body; postmortem; V.
traverse
go through or across
n catechism
book for religious instruction in question-and-answer form; religious instruction by question and answer; V. catechize
n tirade
long angry denunciatory speech; diatribe; harangue; extended scolding; denunciation
s forfeit
something surrendered as punishment for a crime or breach of contract; V: lose as a forfeit; N. forfeiture
consecrate
dedicate; sanctify; declare as sacred; Ex. consecrate one's life to helping the poor
s herald
messenger; sign of something to come; V: announce; proclaim; Ex. unheralded researcher
spectrum
colored band produced when a beam of light passes through a prism; broad and continuous range; Ex. whole spectrum of modern thoughts
s maleficient
doing evil; N. maleficience
s fathomless
too deep to be measured or understood; unfathomable
ingrate
ungrateful person (not expressing thanks)
sedition
conduct or language inciting rebellion; rebellion; resistance to authority; insubordination; ADJ. seditious
subdue
less intense; quieter; Ex. subdued lighting; Ex. subdue: conquer; make less intense; quiet; Ex. subdue one's anger
n sinuous
twisting; winding; bending in and out; not morally honest
prevalent
widespread; generally accepted
n declivity
downward slope
n rebuff
reject bluntly; snub; beat back; Ex. She rebuffed his invitation; N.
s conspire
take part in a conspiracy; (of events) work together; combine; Ex. Events conspired to produce great difficulties.
s mute
silent; without speech; not pronounced; unable to speak; N: one who is incapable of speech; V: soften the sound, color, shade of
n quell
suppress; put an end to; put down forcibly; extinguish; quiet; Ex. ``Army Quells Rebellion'' in newspaper; CF. kill
contempt
scorn; disdain; ADJ. contemptuous; CF. contemptible
n genteel
well-bred; elegant; striving to convey an appearance of refinement; Ex. genteel poverty
n tithe
tax of one-tenth (contributed to a church); V: pay a tithe
elicit
draw out fact or information (by discussion or from someone)
s corpuscle
red or white cell in the blood
glacial
like a glacier; of an ice age; extremely cold; Ex. glacial epoch; CF. iceberg
s bromide
platitude; chemical compound used to calm excitement
s executioner
person administering capital punishment
enthrall
capture; enslave; captivate; hold the complete attention of (as if magic); hold spellbound
perspicacious
(of someone) having insight; penetrating; astute
s nauseous
causing nausea; feeling nausea
misconstrue
interpret incorrectly; misinterpret; misjudge
parry
ward off a blow; deflect; Ex. He parried the unwelcome question very skillfully; N. CF. ¸·´Â´Ù´Â °³³äÀÌ ¾Æ´Ô
n bandy
discuss lightly or glibly; discuss in a frivolous manner; exchange (words) heatedly; quarrel; Ex. bandy words with
n dire
warning of disaster; disastrous; (of needs and dangers) very great; urgent; Ex. dire prediction/need of food
n distrait
absentminded; distracted
s sentimental
swayed by sentiment; appealing to the sentiments
dichotomy
division into two opposite parts; split; branching into two parts (especially contradictory ones)
obsessive
related to thinking about something constantly; of an obsession; preoccupying; N. obsession: compulsive preoccupation with a fixed idea; compulsive idea; V. obsess: preoccupy the mind of excessively
n shrew
scolding woman; very small mouselike animal
recapitulate
summarize
discriminating
able to see differences; discerning; prejudiced; N. discrimination
n impale
pierce (with a sharp point); Ex. impaled by the spear
augment
increase; add to
n ejaculation
exclamation; abrupt ejection (to discharge sperm); V. ejaculate
n squalor
condition of being squalid; filth; degradation; dirty neglected state; ADJ. squalid: dirty; sordid; morally repulsive; Ex. squalid story
dispassionate
calm; impartial; not influenced by personal feelings
progenitor
ancestor
n gait
manner of walking or running; speed
n legerdemain
sleight(dexterity) of hand; CF. light of hand
omniscient
all-knowing
n relegate
put into a lower or worse place; banish to an inferior position; delegate; assign; Ex. relegate the old furniture to the children's room; Ex. relegated to the second division
negligence
neglect; failure to take reasonable care; ADJ. negligent: neglectful; lax; not taking enough care
n broach
introduce as a subject; moot; open up
n quandary
dilemma; state of uncertainty; Ex. She is in a quandary about whether to go.
n onomatopoeia
words formed in imitation of natural sounds
politic
prudent; judicious; well judged; expedient; well devised
n crass
very unrefined; grossly insensible; crude and undiscriminating; Ex. crass behavior
n stickler
perfectionist; person who insists things be exactly right
supersede
replace; cause to be set aside; make obsolete; N. supersession
fusion
union; coalition; V. fuse
ingenious
marked by inventive skill; clever; resourceful; N. ingenuity
n parlance
language; manner of speaking; idiom; Ex. in legal/common parlance
matriarch
woman who rules a family or larger social group
facet
small plane surface (of a gem(precious stone)); a side
n snivel
complain or whine tearfully; run at the nose; snuffle; Ex. Don't come back sniveling to me.
n epistemologist
philosopher who studies the nature of knowledge; N. epistemology
deducible
derived by reasoning; V. deduce: infer; derive by reasoning
s high-flown
highly pretentious or inflated
render
give; deliver; provide; represent in verbal or artistic form; depict; perform; make; translate; Ex. render the song beautifully
n insensible
unconscious; unresponsive; insensitive; unaware; imperceptible; Ex. insensible of his danger/to pain; Ex. insensible change; CF. not the opposite of sensible
austere
forbiddingly stern; ascetic; without comfort or enjoyment; severely simple and unornamented; Ex. a monk's austere life; Ex. austere grandeur of the cathedral; N. austerity
n habituate
accustom or familiarize; addict
n polarize
split into opposite extremes or camps
s sway
swing from side to side; influence (someone) to change one's opinion; N.
internecine
mutually destructive
n torso
trunk of statue with head and limbs missing; human trunk
n homeostasis
tendency of a system or organism to maintain relative stability or internal equilibrium; CF. homeo-: constant; Ex. homeotherm
attenuate
make thin; weaken
s screech
unpleasant high sharp sound; shriek; V.
alienate
make unfriendly or hostile; estrange; separate; change the ownership of
s well-bred
of good upbringing; well-mannered and refined
s ego
one's opinion of oneself; self-esteem
converse
opposite; ADJ.
context
writings preceding and following the passage quoted; circumstance in which an event occurs
n artifice
deception; trickery
pliant
flexible; easily influenced
s gangrene
decay of body tissue caused by insufficient blood supply (usually following injury); ADJ. gangrenous
pertinacious
holding tenaciously to an action; stubborn; persistent
dismember
cut into small parts; cut (a body) apart limb from limb
s sturdy
strong and firm (in the body)
s clipper
sailing vessel built for great speed
s providence
quality of being provident; divine care; god's care; Providence: god; Ex. It seemed like providence that the doctor happened to be there; ADJ. providential: of divine providence; fortunate
n rhapsodize
speak or write in an exaggeratedly enthusiastic manner; Ex. rhapsodize over the beauty of the scenery
aloof
apart; not open in one's relationship with other people; reserved; ADV.
n levy
impose (a fine); collect (a payment); impose or collect (a tax); Ex. levy a tax on tobacco
n balm
something that relieves pain; oily liquid with a pleasant smell from trees
obsequious
slavishly attentive; servile; full of servile compliance; sycophantic
s nutrition
process of nourishing or being nourished; CF. malnutrition
s grouch
bad-tempered complaint; person who keeps complaining; V: complain; grumble
advent
arrival
fraudulent
cheating; deceitful; Ex. fraudulent means; N. fraud: deception; swindle
rubble
fragments (esp. from a destroyed building)
deflect
turn aside; turn away from a straight course
genealogy
record of descent; lineage; ancestry; study of ancestry
n satyr
half-human, half-bestial being in the court of Dionysus (resembling a goat), portrayed as wanton(unrestrained) and cunning; lecher; CF. faun; CF. goat: lecherous man
retinue
following; attendants
disparity
difference; condition of inequality; OP. parity
n tureen
deep dish for serving soup
s inasmuch_as
since; owing to the fact that
marked
noticeable; targeted for vengeance or attack; Ex. marked improvement/man
n levitate
rise and float in the air (especially by magical means); CF. light
rampart
defensive mound of earth
intransigence
refusal of any compromise; stubbornness; ADJ. intransigent: uncompromising
impenitent
not repentant
n minion
servile dependent; obsequious follower
s pulse
rhythmical throbbing of arteries; brief sudden change in a normally constant quantity; V: pulsate
gratuity
tip
congeal
freeze; coagulate
fugitive
fleeting or transitory; lasting only a short time; roving(wandering); running away or fleeing as from the law; N: one who flees; Ex. fugitives at large
s studious
given to diligent study
s induct
place formally in office; install; admit as a member; initiate; N. induction: inducting; process of deriving general principles from particular facts
n gibe
mock; make jeering remarks; N: jeering remarks
n ferment
agitation; commotion(noisy and excited activity); unrest (of a political kind); V. produce by fermentation; undergo fermentation; cause (a state of trouble)
n painstaking
taking pains; showing hard work; taking great care; very careful and through
n germinal
pertaining to a germ; creative; Ex. germinal idea
s trickle
flow in drops or in a thin stream; N.
s fleet
fast; rapid; N. ADJ. fleeting: passing quickly; ephemeral
dawdle
loiter; hang around; waste time doing nothing
delineate
portray; depict; sketch; describe; N. delineation
s trunk
main wooden stem of a tree; human body excluding the head and limbs; torso; prehensile nose of an elephant
hackneyed
commonplace; trite
articulate
effective; distinct; expressing ideas clearly; having clear sounds; having joints; Ex. articulate speech; V: express thoughts and feeling clearly; pronounce clearly; unite by joints
n dowdy
untidy (of a woman or clothes); slovenly; dressed in an unattractive way; shabby; CF. unattractive woman
n harrowing
agonizing; distressing; traumatic; V. harrow: break up and level (soil) with a harrow; inflict great distress on; agonize; N: farming machine to break up the earth
pertinent
suitable; to the point; relevant
homespun
domestic; made at home; spun or woven at home; simple and ordinary; Ex. homespun philosophy
intangible
not able to be perceived by touch; vague
address
direct a speech to; speak to; deal with or discuss; direct one's efforts or attention to; make with a destination; N: formal speech
definitive
most reliable; authorative and complete; that cannot be improved; conclusive; decisive; definite; Ex. definitive decision by the supreme court
n chaff
worthless products of an endeavor; husk(outer seed cover) separated from grain; Ex. separate the wheat from the chaff
gullible
easily deceived
s sleek
smooth and shining (as from good health); V.
n renege
break a promise; deny; go back on; Ex. renege on the contract/paying off the debt
s resort
turn to for help; Ex. resort to violence; N.
amorphous
formless; lacking shape or definition
s effulgent
shining brightly; brilliant
n malfeasance
wrongdoing; misconduct (by a public official)
n gape
open widely; open the mouth wide; stare wonderingly with the mouth open; CF. agape
occult
mysterious; secret; supernatural; beyond human comprehension; CF. mysterious to human ?; OP. bare
n fatalism
belief that events are determined by forces or fates beyond one's control; ADJ. fatalistic; CF. fatal: causing death
n gull
trick; deceive; hoodwink; N: person who is easily tricked; dupe
promontory
headland
n badger
pester; annoy continually with demands; persuade by asking again and again; Ex. The children badgered me into taking them into the cinema; N: a kind of mountain animal
s lust
intense sexual desire; intense eagerness; V.
levity
lack of seriousness or steadiness; frivolity; lightness of manner
addiction
compulsive habitual need
n dissolution
disintegration; reduction to a liquid form; looseness in morals; sensual indulgence; debauchery; ADJ. dissolute: lacking in moral restraint; leading an immoral life
n aureole
sun's corona; halo; bright circle of light
n odoriferous
giving off an odor
solitude
state of being alone; seclusion; ADJ. solitary: existing or living alone (esp. by choice); remote or secluded; single; sole; Ex. solitary life/inn; Ex. no solitary piece of proof
n exuberance
overflowing abundance; joyful enthusiasm; flamboyance; lavishness; ADJ. exuberant: high-spirited and lively; growing abundantly and strongly
illusory
illusive; deceptive; not real
n sadistic
inclined to cruelty; N. sadism: delight in cruelty
n sacrosanct
invioably sacred; most sacred; inviolable
n phenomena
observable facts; subjects of scientific investigation; SG. phenomenon: observable fact; very unusual person, thing, or event; marvel; wonder; CF. phenomenons; ADJ. phenomenal: very unusual; extraordinary; of a phenomenon; Ex. phenomenal strength
n glaring
(of something bad) highly conspicuous; harshly bright; shining intensely and blindingly
doctrine
teachings in general; particular principle (religious, legal, etc.) taught; dogma; tenet; ADJ. doctrinal
n morbid
given to unwholesome or unhealthy thought; moody; characteristic of disease; Ex. morbid curiosity; N. morbidity; CF. disease
n travail
strenuous work; toil; painful labor; labor of childbirth
negligible
so small, trifling, or unimportant as to be easily disregarded
s defalcate
embezzle
s castrate
remove the sex organs (of a male animal or person)
haphazard
random; by chance; happening in an unplanned manner; Ex. haphazard growth of the town
insurrection
rebellion; uprising
counterpart
thing that completes another; things very much alike; thing that has the same purpose in a different system
n sedate
composed (with no excitement); grave; V: administer a sedative to; CF. sedative
n evenhanded
impartial; fair
n recalcitrant
disobedient or resisting authority even after being punished; obstinately stubborn; determined to resist authority; unruly; Ex. recalcitrant child
n comity
courtesy; civility; Ex. comity of nations
n filch
steal (things of small value)
n apex
tip; summit; climax; highest point
s tablet
small round piece of medicine; flat piece of stone or metal bearing an inscription; Ex. stone tablet on the wall
n salutary
tending to improve; beneficial; wholesome; Ex. The punishment had a salutary effect on the boy; CF. health
manacle
restrain; handcuff; N.
compelling
overpowering; irresistible in effect; holding one's attention; that compels one to do something; Ex. a compelling adventure story; V. compel
statutory
created by statute or legislative action; regulated by statute; Ex. statutory age limit
s legato
(of music) played smoothly
n glimmer
shine erratically; twinkle; N: dim or unsteady light; faint indication; Ex. glimmer of hope
n purveyor
furnisher of foodstuffs; caterer; V. purvey: supply (eg. food); furnish; CF. provide
n cull
pick out from others (to kill the weakest members); reject; select; collect (information); N.
abbreviate
shorten
pillage
plunder
s finished
properly made and complete; Ex. finished product/performance
n eon(aeon)
long period of time; an age; longest division of geologic time containing two or more eras
n stolid
dull; impassive; showing little emotion when strong feelings are expected
n quaff
drink with zest; drink with relish(zest; hearty enjoyment); ²Ü²©²Ü²© ¸¶½Ã´Ù; CF. sip
predicament
difficult situation; tricky or dangerous situation; dilemma
n sphinx-like
enigmatic; mysterious
incidence
rate of occurrence; particular occurrence; Ex. high incidence of infant mortality
n determination
resolve; firmness of purpose; measurement or calculation; decision
guise
outward appearance; costume; Ex. in a new guise
inclusive
tending to include all; all-inclusive; Ex. inclusive charge
calligraphy
beautiful writing; excellent penmanship
n headlong
hasty; rash; headfirst; ADV.
increment
increase
compress
force into less space; squeeze; contract; put into fewer words; N: thick mass of cloth pressed to part of the body to stop bleeding or swelling, reduce fever, etc.
n prelate
church dignitary; priest of high position in the church (esp. bishop)
precedent
something preceding in time which may be used as an authority or guide for future action; V. precede; CF. unprecedented
indices
signs; indications; Ex. indices of a student's potential; CF. index: something that reveals or indicates; sign; Ex. cost-of-living index
entomology
study of insects
n edify
instruct; correct morally
animadversion
critical remark; V. animadvert: comment critically with disapproval
derision
ridicule; ADJ. derisive; CF. derisory
implacable
incapable of being pacified; impossible to appease; Ex. implacable enemy
n irascible
irritable; easily angered
n mundane
worldly as opposed to spiritual; everyday; of the ordinary; Ex. mundane existence; CF. world
biennial
every two years
circuitous
roundabout
celerity
speed; rapidity
s embody
give a bodily form to; incorporate; include
n gouge
tear out; cut out (as if with a gouge); Ex. gouge his eyes out; N: chisel for cutting out hollow areas in wood
n contrived
unnatural and forced; artificial; not spontaneous; Ex. The ending was rather contrived.
n chasten
discipline; punish in order to correct; CF. castigate
execute
put into effect; carry out; kill as a lawful punishment; N. execution
n benefit
advantage; anything that brings helpl, advantage, or profit; money provided by the government to the people; fund-raising public entertainment; Ex. unemployment benefit; V: receive benefits; be beneficial to; give benefits
n limbo
region near heaven or hell where certain souls are kept; prison (slang); Ex. Purgatory and Limbo
inquisitor
questioner (especially harsh); investigator; person making an inquisition
emollient
soothing or softening remedy (for the skin); ADJ.
n phylum
major classification, second to kingdom, of plants and animals; category ranking below a kingdom and above a class; division
consensus
general agreement; opinion reached by a group
iota
very small quantity
n fastidious
difficult to please; squeamish; fussy; finicky
n eminent
rising above others; high; lofty; distinguished; Ex. eminent position
n pore
study industriously; ponder; scrutinize; Ex. pore over the book; N.
s idyll(idyl)
short poem idealizing rural life; simple happy period of life (in the country); scene from such a time; Ex. idyll of two young lovers
n buccaneer
pirate
s pedestal
support or base as for a pillar or statue
n tarry
linger; delay in starting or going; dawdle
conducive
helpful; contributive; V. conduce; Ex. conduce to/towards
revoke
cancel; retract; CF. irrevocable
encroachment
gradual intrusion; Ex. I resent all these encroachments on my valuable time; V. encroach: take another's possessions or right gradually or stealthily; intrude; Ex. encroach on/upon
n tentative
not fully worked out or developed; provisional; experimental; uncertain; hesitant; not definite or positive; Ex. tentative agreement/reply
n poultice
soothing application applied to sore and inflamed portions of the body
s impart
grant a share of; make known; Ex. news to impart
s unceremonious
not done politely without due formalities
obstetrician
physician specializing in delivery(assisting in giving birth) of babies; N. obstetrics; CF. midwife
s squelch
produce a splashing sound (when stepping through mud); crush; squash; CF. ÁøÈëÀ» À§¿¡¼ ¹âÀ» ¶§
nemesis
someone seeking revenge; source of downfall or ruin; CF. Nemesis
chronic
long established as a disease
dogmatic
opinionated; holding stubbornly to one's opinion; arbitrary; doctrinal
ephemeral
short-lived; fleeting
s crust
hard outer covering (as of earth or snow)
exorcise
drive out evil spirits
embark
commence; go on board a boat; begin a journey
n kismet
fate; destiny; Ex. Kismet is the Arabic word for fate.
trepidation
fear; nervous apprehension
breadth
width; extent
maladroit
clumsy; not skillful; awkward; bungling
incendiary
arsonist; ADJ: causing fire; of arson; Ex. incendiary bomb
infantile
childish; infantlike
n ragamuffin
dirty child in torn clothes; person wearing tattered clothes
provident
providing for future needs; displaying foresight; thrifty; preparing for emergencies; OP. improvident
penury
extreme poverty; stinginess; ADJ. penurious: very poor; stingy
n serendipity
gift for finding valuable things by accident; accidental good fortune or luck; CF. The Three Princes of Serendip
masochist
person who enjoys his own pain; CF. masochism
pecuniary
pertaining to money
n sojourn
temporary stay; V: stay for a time
n suture
stitches sewn to hold the cut edges of a wound or incision; material used in sewing; V: sew together a wound
s drama
prose or verse composition to be performed by actors; play; exciting and unusual situation
s refuse
anything discarded or rejected as worthless; trash
aghast
filled with great surprise or fear; horrified
disinterested
unprejudiced; free from bias and self-interest; objective
arbitrary
unreasonable or capricious; random; tyrannical; Ex. arbitrary ruler
n petrify
turn to stone; cause to become stonelike; stun or paralyze
s misconduct
immoral behavior; bad management; V.
partiality
state of being partial; inclination; favorable bias; special fondness; preference
aegis
shield; protection; defense
refute
disprove; prove to be false; N. refutation
s metrical
metric; written in the form of poetry; Ex. metrical translation of Homer
inconsistency
state of being self-contradictory; lack of uniformity or steadiness; ADJ. inconsistent: displaying a lack of consistency; erratic; contradictory; incompatible
reprobation
severe disapproval; CF. approbation
s freebooter
pirate or plunderer who makes war in order to grow rich
n quail
cower; shrink back in fear; lose heart
nominal
in name only; of a name; trifling; (of a sum of money) very small; CF. nominate: propose as a candidate; appoint
s margin
border; room; allowance beyond what is needed; Ex. margin of safety
n hinterlands
back country; inner part of a country; OP. foreland
n plenary
(of power) complete; full; fully attended by all qualified members; Ex. plenary power
n filigree
delicate ornamental lacelike metalwork
n rail
complain bitterly; scold; rant; Ex. the weaker railing against injustices
n suffuse
spread through or over (with a color or liquid); charge; Ex. A blush suffused her cheeks.
n hover
hang about; (of birds or aircraft) stay in the air in one place; (of people) wait nearby; stay around one place; waver; be in an uncertain state
succor
assist (someone in difficulty); aid; comfort; N.
n shimmer
shine with a flickering light; glimmer intermittently; Ex. The moonlight shimmered on the water; N.
n apostate
one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs; N. apostasy
n crabbed
sour; bad-tempered; peevish; difficult to read as handwriting
deference
courteous regard for another's wish; courteous yielding to another's wish or opinion (showing respect); ADJ. deferential; OP. effrontery
schematic
of a schema or scheme; relating to an outline or diagram; using a system of symbols; N. schema: diagrammatic representation; outline
passive
not active; acted upon; receiving an action without acting in return; accepting without resistance
confluence
flowing together; the place where two rivers flow together; crowd; gathering together
irreparable
not able to be corrected or repaired; impossible to repair
n exchequer
treasury; Ex. Chancellor of the exchequer
psychiatrist
doctor who treats mental diseases
s brand
trademark; mark burned on the hide of an animal; mark burned into the flesh of criminals; mark of disgrace; V: mark with a brand; give a lasting bad name; stigmatize; Ex. The press branded him a liar.
n surly
bad-tempered; rude; cross
amazon
female warrior
remunerative
(of work) compensating; rewarding; profitable; well-paid; V. remunerate: reward; pay (someone) for work or trouble
s sovereign
ruler in a monarchy; ADJ: (of a country) independent and self-governing; having supreme power; supreme; excellent
n meretricious
flashy; tawdry; attractive on the surface but of no real value; Ex. metericious argument/jewel; CF. prostitute
n insidious
treacherous; stealthy; sly; working or spreading harmfully in a stealthy manner; Ex. insidious spreading of dry rot
adjacent
adjoining; neighboring; close by
expertise
specialized knowledge (in a particular field); expert skill
n swarthy
(of a skin or complexion) dark; dusky; Ex. swarthy Italian ?
n reprise
musical repetition; repeating of a piece of music; repeat performance; recurrent action; Ex. reprise in the finale; Ex. constant reprises
rescind
repeal; annul; cancel (a law, decision, or agreement)
n behoove(behove)
be suited to; be incumbent upon; be right and necessary; Ex. It behooves one to do.
s prank
mischievous trick
emolument
salary; payment for an office; compensation
gravity
seriousness; ADJ. grave
debase
degrade; reduce in quality or value; degenerate; lower in esteem; disgrace; N. debasement
n idolatry
worship of idols; excessive admiration or devotion; ADJ. idolatrous
dormant
sleeping; temporarily inactive; lethargic; latent
n lampoon
ridicule; N: written attack ridiculing or satirizing a person, group, or institution
aria
operatic solo; a song sung by one person in an opera or oratorio
aboriginal
being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native; indigenous; N. aborigine
remnant
remainder
n execrable
very bad; detestable
n extrapolation
projection; conjecture; V. extrapolate: infer (unknown information) from known information
n pan
criticize harshly
s natal
connected with birth; CF. prenatal; CF. postnatal
s jug
pitcher; container for holding liquids
probe
explore with a probe or tools; investigate; N: slender instrument used to explore a wound or body cavity; device designed to investigate an unknown region; thorough investigation; Ex. space probe
n choleric
hot-tempered; bad-tempered; irritable; easily angered; CF. cholera
galleon
large three-masted sailing ship
n feint
trick; shift; sham blow; feigned attack to draw away defensive action; V.
amoral
nonmoral; having no understanding of right and wrong
n revulsion
sudden strong feeling of disgust; sudden violent change of feeling; negative reaction; Ex. revulsion from the scenes of torture
ovoid
egg-shaped; CF. ovum; CF. ovulate
n flounder
struggle and thrash about; proceed clumsily or falter (as in water, mud, snow, etc.); proceed in confusion
n dislodge
remove (forcibly); force out of a position; Ex. dislodge the food caught in his throat; CF. lodge
n fetter
shackle; restrict the freedom of; N. chain or shackle for the foot of a prisoner; CF. foot
n regimen
prescribed course of diet or exercise; prescribed diet and habits; Ex. daily regimen of a dancer
n retrench
cut down; cut down expenses; economize
n suavity
urbanity; polish; ADJ. suave: smooth and courteous
eloquence
expressiveness; persuasive speech; ADJ. eloquent: movingly expressive; expressing ideas well so that the hearers can be influeneced
n browse
graze; feed on growing grass; skim or glance at casually
s gnarl
protruding knot on a tree; V.
n dupe
someone easily fooled or deceived; V: deceive
n patrician
noble; aristocratic; N: person of high rank; aristocrat; CF. member of the governing classes in ancient Rome; CF. plebian
finale
conclusion; concluding part
orientation
act of finding oneself in society; orienting
crypt
secret recess or vault usually used for burial; underground room (under a church)
n cow
terrorize; intimidate
n cherubic
angelic; innocent-looking; N. cherub; CF. seraph: winged angel of the highest order
pauper
very poor person
indigenous
native; Ex. plant indigenous to the New World
caprice
whim; sudden change of mind without any real cause
preeminent
outstanding; superior
n errant
wandering (esp. in search of adventure); straying from proper moral standards; Ex. knight-errant
opportunist
individual who sacrifices principles for expediency by taking advantage of circumstances; N. opportunism
absolve
pardon (an offense)
impertinent
insolent; rude; not pertinent; N. impertinence
n guy
cable or chain attached to something that needs to be braced or steadied; CF. guide
n plethora
excess; overabundance; Ex. a plethora of excuses
enmity
ill will; hatred; hostility
s ward
administrative division of a city; division in a hospital or prison; incompetent person placed under the protection of a guardian; V: guard; ward off: avert
n palate
roof of the mouth; sense of the taste
corroborate
confirm; support; strengthen
n foil
contrast; one that by contrast enhances the distinctive characteristics of another
n torrid
(of weather) hot or scorching; passionate; Ex. torrid love affairs
relent
become less severe; give in(surrender); ADJ. relentless: unyielding; continuously severe
legacy
gift made by a will; something handed down from an ancestor
defection
desertion
assuage
mak less severe; ease or lessen (pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger)
n parameter
limit; independent variable; Ex. parameters of the problem; Ex. within the parameters of the budget
ensue
follow (as a result)
n posture
assume an affected pose; act artificially; N: pose; attitude
rapport
close relationship; emotional closeness; harmony
epoch
period of time
arraign
charge in court; indict
contention
assertion; claim; thesis; struggling; competition
exempt
not subject to a duty or obligation; free from a duty; V.
disconsolate
hopelessly sad (at the loss of something)
n hue_and_cry
outcry; loud cry or clamor; strong protest; Ex. hue and cry against the new rule
n irate
angry; CF. ire: anger; wrath
s sleigh
large vehicle drawn by a horse over snow or ice
sustenance
sustaining; means of livelihood, support, food, nourishment; something that maintains life; food
s breed
produce young; rear; bring up; produce (an undesirable condition); N: kind or sort of animal or plant
n granary
storehouse for grain
attribute
essential quality; V: ascribe; explain
amass
collect (gradually, in a very large amount)
n punitive
punishing; Ex. punitive measures
n cajole
persuade by praise or false promise; coax; wheedle
enigma
puzzle; mystery; ADJ. enigmatic: obscure; puzzling
seasoned
experienced
malignant
tending to cause death; highly injurious; aggressively malevolent; Ex. malignant tumor
paucity
scarcity; dearth
n squabble
minor quarrel; bickering; V: engage in a minor quarrel; Ex. squabbling children
avarice
greediness for wealth
n functionary
official (who performs a particular function)
s wretch
miserable person; bad or despicable person; ADJ. wretched: miserable; bad; contemptible; vile
n ostentatious
showy; trying to attract attention; pretentious; N. ostentation: showy display
consequential
self-important; significant; consequent; following as a result; Ex. consequential air; CF. subsequent
n chassis
framework and working parts of an automobile; framework to which components are attached
pervasive
spread throughout; V. pervade: (of smells, ideas, feelings) spread throughout; charge; permeate
syllogism
logical formula consisting of a major premise, a minor premise and a conclusion; deceptive or specious argument
s lookout
act of keeping watch; high place commanding a wide view; person who keeps watch
grudging
unwilling; reluctant; stingy(giving reluctantly)
s gild
cover with a thin layer of gold
s intermediary
intermediate; acting as a mediator; N: mediator; go-between
dearth
scarcity
indignity
treatment or situation that causes shame or loss of dignity, respect; offensive or insulting treatment; humiliating or degrading treatment; Ex. I suffered the indignity of having to say that in front of them.
n stricture
severe and adverse criticism; critical comments; limit or restriction
s soothsayer
one who foretells the future
n emetic
substance causing vomiting; ADJ.
n flinch
hesitate; shrink back (in fear of something unpleasant); Ex. She did not flinch in the face of danger.
throes
violent anguish
engender
cause; produce; give rise to
n contraband
illegal trade; smuggling; smuggled goods; ADJ.
n retentive
holding; able to retain things (esp. facts in the mind); having a good memory
bestow
confer
n fiasco
total failure; CF. bottle
n qualms
uneasy feelings; misgivings; uneasy fears especially about matters of conscience; Ex. I have no qualms about giving this assignment to Helen.
n timbre
quality of a musical tone produced by a musical instrument (which distinguishes it from others of the same pitch)
gargoyle
waterspout carved in grotesque figures on a building
n rotundity
roundness; sonorousness of speech
n pestilential(pestilent)
causing plague; tending to cause death; baneful; N. pestilence: fatal epidemic disease (esp. bubonic plague)
relevant
having importance; pertinent; referring to the case in hand; N. relevance, relevancy
s monochrome
painting in only one color; ADJ.
n gentility
those of gentle birth; high social class; refinement; quality of being genteel
n ape
imitate or mimic (a person's behavior or manner)
revert
relapse; backslide; turn back to; return to the former owner; N. reversion
s gallows
framework from which a noose is suspended (used for execution by hanging)
n pugnacity
combativeness; disposition to fight; ADJ. pugnacious: (of people) belligerent; combative in nature
n callous
hardened; unfeeling; without sympathy for the sufferings of others; unkind
presage
foretell; be a warning or sign of; N: presentiment; foreboding; omen
s seasonal
of a particular season; Ex. seasonal rise in employment
mimicry
imitation
noncommittal
neutral; refusing commitment to a particular opinion; unpledged; undecided
chauvinist
blindly devoted patriot; zealous adherent of a group, cause, or sex; ADJ. chauvinistic; CF. chauvinism; Nicolas Chauvin
incorrigible
uncorrectable
n progeny
children; offspring; descendants
s drastic
strong; violent and severe; Ex. drastic changes/measures
apprise
inform
divulge
reveal
s trickster
person who cheats people
disclose
reveal; N. disclosure
n blighted
suffering from a disease; destroyed
s brink
edge (at the top of a cliff); Ex. on the brink of the Grand Canyon
irreverence
lack of proper respect or reverence; ADJ. irreverent
s cater
provide food and drink (for); cater to: try to satisfy (desires of a bad kind)
n dais
raised platform for speakers or other important people
resolution
determination; resoluteness; ADJ. resolute: firm or determined in purpose
n cordon
extended line of men or fortifications to prevent access or egress; (¾î±ú¿¡¼ °Üµå¶û ¹ØÀ¸·Î °ÉÄ¡´Â) Àå½Ä ¸®º»; V.
inconsequential
insignificant; unimportant
arrogance
pride; haughtiness; ADJ. arrogant: unpleasantly self-important (with a strong confidence in one's own importance and a lack of respect for other people)
n symbiosis
interdependent relationship (between groups, species) often mutually beneficial; ADJ. symbiotic; CF. together + life
n rankle
irritate; fester; annoy
n didactic
(of speech or writing) intended to teach a moral lesson; teaching; instructional; N. didacticism
n bludgeon
club; heavy-headed weapon; V.
s resign
give up (a position, right, or claim); submit (oneself) passively
annihilate
destroy
n fraught
filled (with something unpleasant); full; Ex. fraught with danger and difficulties; CF. freight
retort
quick sharp reply; V.
s impassioned
(of speech) filled with passion; fervent
s recreant
disloyal; cowardly; N: disloyal and cowardly person
s topple
become unsteady and fall down
n stodgy
dull; stuffy; boringly conservative; Ex. stodgy book
substantial
of substance; material; solid; essential or fundamental; ample; considerable; well-to-do; wealthy
insubstantial
lacking substance; insignificant; frail; immaterial
s thesis
opinion put forward and supported by reasoned arguments
n ordination
ceremony conferring holy orders; ceremony of ordaining a priest
effete
having lost one's original power; barren; worn out; exhausted
inclined
tending or leaning toward; bent; V. incline: slant; dispose; be disposed; tend
flourish
grow well; prosper; make sweeping gestures; wave; brandish; Ex. The trees flourished in the sun. N: showy movement or gesture; embellishment or ornamentation (esp. in handwriting)
n recount
narrate or tell (a story); count over again
belligerent
quarrelsome
imposture
assuming a false identity; masquerade; CF. impostor
benison
blessing
n shunt
move (a railway train) from one track to another; turn aside; divert; sidetrack; Ex. shunt traffic around an accident; N.
n gibberish
nonsense; nonsensical or unintelligible talk or writing; babbling
s incinerate
burn to ashes
entity
real being
s forthcoming
happening in the near future; ready; willing to help; Ex. No answer was forthcoming.
agitate
stir up; disturb
pragmatist
practical person; N. pragmatism: pragmatic way of dealing with things
latent
present but not yet noticeable or active; dormant; hidden; N. latency; CF. potential
n florid
ruddy; (of a complexion) reddish; flowery; very ornate; CF. rose
n reticent
inclined to silence; uncommunicative; reserved; Ex. He was reticent about the reasons; N. reticence
caustic
burning; corrosive; able to burn by chemical action; sarcastically biting; (of remarks) intended to hurt; bitter; harmful; OP. harmless
oligarchy
government by a privileged few
n histrionic
theatrical; excessively dramatic or emotional; affected; of actors or acting; N. histrionics: histrionic behavior
s draught
current of air (through a room or to a fire); act of pulling roads; act of swallowing liquid or amount of liquid swallowed at a time
allege
state without proof
s memoir
memoirs; autobiography; biography
n low
moo; make the sound of a cow
n coeval
living at the same time as; existing during the same period of time; contemporary; of the same age
polygamist
one who has more than one spouse at a time; CF. bigamy; CF. polyandry
psychopathic
pertaining to mental dearrangement; N. psychopath: person with an antisocial personality disorder
harry
harass, annoy, torment (by repeated attacks); raid
n assert
state strongly or positively; demand recognition of (rights, claims, etc.); make a claim to (by forceful action); Ex. assert one's independence
n dehydrate
remove water from; dry out
n preempt
prevent in advance; head off(forestall); forestall by acting first; appropriate for oneself before others; supplant; take the place of; displace; Ex. preempt any attempts; ADJ. preemptive
n ultimatum
last demand; last warning; last statement of conditions that must be met; Ex. They have ignored our ultimatum.
pugilist
boxer; CF. pugilism: boxing
amok(amuck)
in a state of rage; Ex. run amok
sarcasm
cutting ironic remark; scornful remarks; stinging rebuke; ADJ. sarcastic
paradigm
model; example that serves as a model; pattern; list of all the inflectional forms of a word
n lancet
small surgical tool for making incisions
n paean
song of praise or joy; Ex. paeans celebrating the victory
incommodious
not spacious; inconvenient
n skittish
inconstant; capricious; frivolous; not serious; Ex. charming but skittish young woman; CF. skit
catharsis
purging or cleansing of any passage of the body; purging and weakening of strong emotions as a result of experiencing a dramatic work of art
altercation
noisy quarrel
n roster
list (of names)
n mire
entangle; stick in swampy ground; stick or sink in mire; N: bog; deep mud; Ex. sucked deeper into the mire
rout
put to rout; stampede; drive out; N: complete defeat and disorderly retreat
implication
something hinted at or suggested; implying; implicating
distill
refine (a liquid by evaporating and subsequent condensation); concentrate; separate the most important parts from; Ex. distill fresh water from sea water; CF. brew
s vile
despicable; unpleasant; disgusting; Ex. vile slander
n prod
poke (with a pointed object); stir up; urge; goad to action; N: pointed object used to prod; prodding
paroxysm
fit or attack of pain, laughter, rage; sudden outburst
n spangle
small shiny metallic piece sewn to clothing for ornamentation
n turmoil
extreme confusion; great commotion and confusion; Ex. throw the country into turmoil
n titillate
tickle; excite pleasantly; Ex. not to titillate the audience but to enlighten it
s crossbreed
hybridize; N: hybrid; CF. interbreed; CF. inbreed
tribute
tax levied by a ruler; payment made by one nation to another in acknowledgment of submission; mark of respect (such as praise or gift); Ex. pay tribute to
recidivism
habitual return to crime (even after being punished); N. recidivist
n cabal
small group of persons secretly united to promote their own interests
n grill
question severely; cook on a grill; broil; N: cooking surface of parallel metal bars
s galvanic
of the production of electricity by the action of an acid on a metal; having the effect of an electric shock; Ex. galvanic cell; galvanic effect; CF. Luigi Galvani
coalition
partnership; league; union of separate political parties
meteoric
like a meteor; swift; momentarily brilliant; Ex. meteoric rise to fame; N. meteor
s contrive
invent or fabricate in a clever way (by improvisation); manage; Ex. contrive to attract his attention
s presume
take for granted; assume; act overconfidently; take liberties; presume on/upon: take unfair advantage of (someone's kindness or connection); N. presumption
congruence
correspondence of parts; harmonious relationship; CF. congruity
n beset
harass or trouble from all directions; hem in
n trinket
knickknack; bauble; cheap jewelry
meditation
reflection; thought; V. meditate
n nonplus
put at a loss; bring to a halt by confusion; perplex; CF. no more
s seduce
lead away from proper conduct; entice; ADJ. seductive
chronicle
report; record (in chronological order)
craven
cowardly
accolade
award of merit; strong praise and approval
s hysteria
excessive or uncontrollable excitement; N. hysteric: person suffering from hysteria; CF. hysterics: attack of hysteria
n sibylline
prophetic; oracular; N. sibyl: woman prophet (in the ancient world)
query
inquiry; question; V.
n celibate
abstaining from sexual intercourse; unmarried; N. celibacy
pantomime
acting without dialogue; V.
replicate
reproduce; duplicate
n catholic
(of likings and interests) universal; general; broad; including many different parts; wide-ranging liberal; Ex. catholic opinions/tastes
incidental
not essential; minor; N: something incidental
s cross
bad-tempered; showing ill-humor; angry
discord
conflict; lack of harmony; dissonance (when musical notes are played)
authenticate
prove genuine
n studied
carefully contrived; calculated; unspontaneous; deliberate; thoughtful; Ex. studied remark
languid
lacking energy or vitality; weary; sluggish; listless
incoherent
unintelligible; muddled; unable to express one's thoughts in an orderly manner; illogical; lacking cohesion; not coherent
connivance
pretense of ignorance of something wrong; assistance; permission to offend; V. connive: feign ignorance (of a wrong); cooperate secretly in an illegal action; conspire
n haggle
argue about prices (in an attempt to bargain)
n gestate
evolve as in prenatal growth; N. gestation: period of development from conception until birth
diligence
steadiness of effort; persistent hard work
expatriate
exile; someone who has withdrawn from his native land; V: exile; banish; leave one's country
n macerate
soften by soaking in liquid; waste away; Ex. macerate powdered wood to make paper
n mite
very small object or insect-like creature; small coin
s feud
bitter prolonged quarrel (usually between two peoples or families); V. CF. Romeo and Juliet; CF. feudal, feudalism
n disembark
debark; go ashore (from a ship); unload cargo from a ship; CF. embark
s prime
period of ideal or peak condition; earliest or beginning stage; Ex. in the prime of life; Ex. prime of the year(spring); ADJ: first in importance or rank; first; V: make ready; prepare
n jaundiced
yellowed; prejudiced (envious, hostile, or resentful) from long and disappointing experience of human affairs; Ex. with a jaundiced eye
n sluggard
lazy person
rationalize
make rational; devise false reasons for (one's behavior); offer an excuse; give a plausible reason for an action in place of a true, less admirable ones; N. rationalization
s dysentery
inflammatory disorder of the lower intestinal tract
n plebeian
common; vulgar; pertaining to the common people; N: common people in ancient Rome; CF. patrician
s rabies
disease passed on by the bite of an infected animal (causing madness and death)
s scheme
systematic plan; plot; clever dishonest plan; orderly arrangement of elements; Ex. health insurance scheme; Ex. a scheme to escape taxes; Ex. a color scheme; Ex. a story with no scheme; V: contrive a scheme
n lackluster
lacking luster(shine; gloss); dull
libidinous
lustful
complement
complete; consummate; make perfect; N.
sophist
teacher of philosophy; quibbler; employer of fallacious reasoning; N. sophism: plausible but fallacious argument
naivet\'e(naivety)
quality of being unsophisticated; simplicity; artlessness; gullibility; ADJ. naive(na\"ive): ingenuous; lacking worldliness; simple; credulous
n miasma
swamp gas; heavy vaporous atmosphere often emanating from decaying matter; pervasive corrupting influence; noxious atmosphere or influence
s inebriate
make drunk; intoxicate; N. intoxicated person
figurative
not literal but metaphorical; using a figure(impression) of speech
n gory
bloody; N. gore: blood (from a wound)
obeisance
bow (to show respect and obedience)
illuminate
brighten; clear up or make understandable; enlighten; enable to understand; Ex. illuminating remarks
inundate
flood; overflow; submerge; cover completely; Ex. inundated with work
n gossamer
sheer; very light; like cobwebs; N: soft and sheer fabric; cobweb
s shuffle
mix together; jumble; move (something) from one place to another; slide (the feet) along the ground while walking; Ex. shuffle papers from one pile to another; N.
dynamic
energetic; vigorously active
n quisling
traitor who aids invaders; CF. Vidkun Quisling
n daub
smear (as with paint); cover with something sticky; Ex. daub one's clothes with mud/paint; N: small bit of sticky substance; Ex. a daub of paint
n libertine
debauched person; dissolute or licentious person; rou\'e; CF. free
n pejorative
(of a word or phrase) suggesting that someone is of little value; negative in connotation; having a belittling effect; Ex. Many women now considers ``housewife'' a pejorative expression, because it patronized them.
connotation
suggested or implied meaning of an expression; V. connote
anomaly
irregularity
n squat
short and thick; stocky; Ex. ugly squat tower; V. N.
s derivation
deriving; origin or source of something; Ex. the derivation of the word
n queasy
experiencing nausea; nauseated; easily nauseated; squeamish; Ex. feel a little queasy
n indemnify
make secure against damage or loss; compensate for damage or loss; CF. make uninjured
tacit
understood (without actually being expressed); not put into words; Ex. tacit agreement
n lull
moment of calm; period of reduced activity; Ex. a lull in the rain; V: cause to become less active; cause to sleep or rest; Ex. lull the opponents into a false sense of security; CF. lullaby
cupidity
greed (for wealth); CF. cupid; CF. Cupid
s resound
(of a place) be filled with sound; (of a sound) sound loudly; sound back; echo; Ex. hall resounded with laughter
s suspense
state of being undecided; anxiety or apprehension resulting from uncertainty
n pusillanimous
cowardly; lacking courage; fainthearted
diverge
vary; go in different directions from the same point; ADJ. divergent: differing; deviating
extrovert
person interested mostly in external objects and actions
laborious
demanding much work or care; tedious
n torque
twisting force; force producing rotation
n frieze
ornamental horizontal band on a wall
s mystic
of hidden meaning and spiritual power; Ex. mystic ceremonies; N. CF. mysticism
s masquerade
wear a mask or disguise; pretend; N: costume party or ball at which masks are worn; pretense; disguise
n regiment
military unit; V: subject to strict order; Ex. regimented society
unanimity
complete agreement; ADJ. unanimous
n cauterize
burn (a wound or snakebite, etc.) with hot iron or caustic substance to stop bleeding and prevent infection
hostility
unfriendliness; hatred; enmity; ADJ. hostile
n interregnum
period between two successive reigns or governments
rehabilitate
restore to proper condition (health or useful life); restore the former rank of
adjunct
something attached to but holding an inferior position
n exude
flow out slowly; discharge (gradually); give forth; N. exudation
diurnal
daily; occurring during the daytime
n soporific
sleep-causing; marked by sleepiness; drowsy
n jaunty
cheerful and pleased with life; lighthearted; animated; easy and carefree; dapper in appearance; Ex. jaunty person/hat
n inscrutable
difficult to understand; impenetrable; not readily understood; mysterious
n throttle
strangle; regulate the speed of with a throttle; N: valve that regulates the flow; CF. throat ?
n fawning
courting favor by cringing and flattering; V. fawn: exhibit affection as a dog; seek favor or attention by obsequiousness
n innuendo
indirect or subtle (derogatory) hint; insinuation; Ex. sexual innuendo
s rou\'e
lecherous man
circlet
small ring; band of gold, silver, jewel, etc. (worn on the head, arms, or neck as decoration)
manifesto
public declaration of principles; statement of policy
n hibernal
wintry; wintery; of or like winter
n posthumous
after death (as of child born after father's death or book published after author's death); coming or occurring after one's death; Ex. posthumous fame/novel
n slur
slander; insult to one's character or reputation; V.
s hindsight
understanding the nature of an event after it has actually happened
n magnate
person of prominence or influence; powerful or influential person (in business or industry); Ex. oil magnate
n snicker
half-stifled(suppressed) laugh; V.
n humdrum
dull; monotonous
n girth
distance around something; circumference
n gadfly
animal-biting fly; irritating person
tranquillity
calmness; peace
tender
offer formally; extend; Ex. tender one's resignation/the exact fare; N: formal offer; money; Ex. legal tender; ADJ: young and vulnerable; sensitive to the touch; sore; soft; delicate; Ex. child of tender years; Ex. tender wound
n mores
conventions; moral standards; moral customs
n faction
party; clique (within a large group); dissension
perennial
something long-lasting; perennial plant; ADJ: lasting through the year or many years; lasting for a long time; enduring
porous
full of pores; like a sieve
n milieu
social environment; means of expression; Ex. feel out of one's milieu; Ex. His proper milieu is watercolor.
n dossier
file of documents on a subject or person; file; CF. bundle of papers labeled on the back
oblique
indirect; slanting (deviating from the perpendicular or from a straight line); Ex. oblique reference
n ignoble
unworthy; not noble; dishonorable; Ex. ignoble deed
n scruple
hesitate for ethical reasons; fret about; Ex. She did not scruple to read his diary; N: uneasy feeling arising from conscience; conscience
n monolithic
solidly uniform; unchangeable; unyielding; N. monolith: large block of stone
n inert
inactive; lacking power to move; unable to move or act; Ex. chemically inert; N. inertia: state of being inert; force which keeps a thing in the position or state
symmetry
arrangement of parts so that balance is obtained; congruity; ADJ. symmetrical
sultry
(of weather) hot; sweltering; sensual; voluptuous
summation
act of finding the total; summing-up; summary (esp. one given by the judge at the end of a trial)
n dregs
sediment in a liquid; lees; worthless residue
pandemic
widespread; affecting the majority of people; N: pandemic disease; CF. all people
s pucker
gather into wrinkles or folds; N: wrinkle or fold
paraphernalia
equipment; odds and ends used in a particular activity; personal belongings; Ex. photographic paraphernalia; CF. married woman's property exclusive of her dowry
n homily
sermon; tedious moralizing lecture; serious warning; ADJ. homiletic
s hem
surround tightly so that movement is impossible; Ex. hem in; N.
s crinkle
wrinkle
n checkered(chequered)
marked by great changes in fortune; with many changes of fortuene; CF. checked: having a pattern of squares
spectral
ghostly; N. specter: spectre; ghost; phantom
n mishap
unfortunate accident
s understate
state with less truth than seems warranted by the facts; Ex. He understated the seriousness of the crime; N. understatement; OP. overstate
n repine
fret; complain; be annoyed; Ex. repine over the undone work
n taper
very thin candle; gradual decrease in the width of a long object; V. make or become gradually narrower toward one end
n spendthrift
someone who wastes money; CF. thrift: accumulated wealth
expository
explanatory; serving to explain; N. exposition: explaining; exhibition
n nadir
lowest point; point on the celestial sphere diametrically opposite the zenith
s hothead
person who does things too quickly without thinking; ADJ. hotheaded
n marshal
put in order; guide ceremoniously to the correct place; Ex. marshal the children into the museum; N: military officer; official
n devolve
deputize; pass or be passed to others (power, work, or property); Ex. devolve on/upon/to
n monumental
massive; impressively large; built as a monument
s grudge
deep feeling of dislike; Ex. grudge fight; V.
n fret
be annoyed or vexed; Ex. fret over your poor grades; N: irritation of mind; ADJ. fretful
abeyance
suspended action
cogitate
think over; ponder
s sow
plant or scatter seed
s precinct
division of a city for election or police purposes; precincts: space that surrounds a building; Ex. precincts of the college
n defrock
strip a priest or minister of church authority; unfrock
indomitable
unconquerable; unyielding
infinitesimal
very small
temperate
moderate; restrained; self-controlled; moderate in respect to temperature; CF. temperance: moderation and self-restraint; abstinence of alcoholic drinks; Ex. temperance society
s droop
bend or hang downward; become weakened; Ex. His shoulders drooped with tiredness; N.
n sodden
thoroughly soaked; dull or stupid as if from drink
n flaccid
flabby; lacking firmness; weak; Ex. flaccid muscles
metaphysical
pertaining to speculative philosophy; of metaphysics; N. metaphysics: branch of philosophy that examines the nature of reality
n chide
scold; rebuke (someone who has done wrong)
s terminal
part that forms the end; railroad or bus station; ADJ. forming an end; ending in death; fatal; Ex. terminal cancer
aberration
deviation from the normal; mental disorder
incubus
burden; very worriying problem; mental care; nightmare; male devil; CF. succubus
therapeutic
curative; N. therapy
hypercritical
excessively exacting; too critical (without noticing good qualities)
n crotchety
(of someone old) eccentric; odd; whimsical; bad-tempered; N. crotchet: odd or whimsical notion
repugnance
disgust; strong dislike; loathing; ADJ. repugnant: arousing disgust; repulsive
s run-down
(of a place) dilapidated; in a bad condition; (of a person) weak or exhausted
compound
combine; produce by combining; increase; make worse by adding to or increasing; exacerbate; Ex. compound an error; ADJ: consisting of two or more parts; N: combination of two or more parts; area enclosed by a wall containing a group of buildings; Ex. factory compound; CF. complex
controvert
oppose with arguments; attempt to refute; contradict; ADJ. controversial; N. controversy
defame
harm someone's reputation; malign; speak evil of; slander; N. defamation; ADJ. defamatory
n trappings
outward decorations; ornaments (as an outward sign of rank)
n nostrum
questionable medicine; quack medicine; CF. our (remedy)
illusion
misleading vision or visual image; false idea or belief; CF. delusion
s paste
smooth viscous mixture as of flour(powder made by crushing grain) and water (used as an adhesive); V: cause to adhere by applying paste
ratify
approve formally; confirm; verify
collateral
security given for loan; ADJ: secondary; descended from the same person but through different sons or daughters
impetuous
violent; hasty; rash; impulsive; without careful thought; Ex. impetuous decision
substantiate
support (a claim) with evidence; establish with evidence; verify
n orifice
mouthlike opening; small opening (esp. to a cavern or passage of the body); CF. mouth
n dissimulate
pretend; conceal by feigning; dissemble
resumption
taking up again; recommencement; V. resume: begin or take up again; take or occupy again; Ex. Kindly resume your seats.
n antiquated
obsolete; old-fashioned; outdated
s throb
(of a heart or machine) beat rapidly or violently; N. Ex. hearthrob: heartbeat; sweetheart
s swipe
hit with a sweeping motion; N.
n itinerary
plan of a trip; record of a trip
s pushy
disagreeably aggressive
asymmetric
not identical on both sides of a dividing central line
cacophonous
discordant; inharmonious; N. cacophony: unpleasant mixture of loud sounds
s outcast
one that has been excluded from a society; ADJ.
assumption
something taken for granted; the taking over or taking possession of; Ex. her assumption of power; V. assume
n surfeit
satiate; feed or supply to excess; stuff; indulge to excess in anything; N: surfeiting; excessive amount; Ex. surfeit of food
s persevere
continue steadily in spite of difficulties
affected
artificial; pretended
discrete
separate; unconnected
s feebleminded
deficient in intelligence; very stupid
encomiastic
praising; eulogistic; N. encomium: very high praise; eulogy
avocation
secondary or minor occupation
n levee
earthen or stone embankment to prevent flooding; CF. raise
n scuttle
sink (a ship) by cutting holes in the hull; scrap; discard; N: small hatch in a ship's deck or hull
guileless
without deceit
n mutinous
unruly; rebellious; Ex. mutinous teenagers; N. mutiny: open rebellion; CF. mutineer
n cardinal
chief; most important; N: priest; cardinal number: number that shows quantity rather thatn order
endorse
approve; support; write one's signature on the back of; N. endorsement; CF. dorsal
n oblivious
inattentive or unmindful; unaware; wholly absorbed; forgetful(having the habit of forgetting)
n splice
join together end to end to make one continuous length; fasten together; unite; Ex. splice two strips of tape; N.
avuncular
of or like an uncle
fanaticism
excessive zeal; extreme devotion to a belief or cause; N. fanatic; ADJ. fanatic
fidelity
loyalty; accuracy
innate
inborn
n clime
climate
s recite
repeat aloud (something learned); describe; Ex. recite his complaints; N. recitation
astringent
binding; causing contraction (stopping bleeding); harsh or severe; stringent; Ex. astringent criticism
n swelter
(of a person) suffer from oppressive heat; be oppressed by heat
fallacious
false; based on a fallacy; misleading; N. fallacy: false idea or notion; false reasoning; Ex. popular fallacy; Ex. fallacy of the argument
n unexceptionable
entirely acceptable; not offering any basis for criticism
s spin
rotate swiftly; make (thread) by twisting (cotton, wool, etc.); N.
disparage
belittle
n somber
dark; gloomy; melancholy; depressing; CF. shadow
methodical
systematic; N. method: systematic method of procedure
implicate
incriminate; involve incriminatingly; show to be involved (in a crime); Ex. implicate someone in the crime
beneficiary
person entitled to benefits or proceeds of an insurance policy or will
s trim
make neat or tidy by clipping; reduce by removing what is unnecessary; ornament; decorate (round the edges); Ex. trim the cost; Ex. jacket trimmed with fur; N. ADJ: tidy; in good order
s slick
make smooth or glossy; N: smooth surface; Ex. oil slick; ADJ: smooth; glossy; deftly executed; adroit; glib
s fruitful
producing results; profitable; prolific; producing in abundance
s glow
shine brightly without a flame (as of eyes or metals); show redness and heat (in the face) after hard work or because of strong feelings; N: light produced by a heated body; brilliance of a color
s putrescent
becoming putrid; putrefying
n quip
taunt; clever sarcastic remark; V.
n stentorian
(of the voice) extremely loud; CF. Stentor: a loud herald in the Iliad
n sap
diminish; weaken; undermine the foundations of (a fortification); Ex. The element kryptonite sapped his strength.
incite
arouse to action; goad; motivate; induce to exist; Ex. incite a riot/the crowd to rebellion
creed
system of religious or ethical belief
s lag
move or develop more slowly; straggle; Ex. lag behind the rest; N.
n swill
drink greedily
n occlude
shut; close; obstruct; Ex. A blood clot occluded an artery.
n gavel
hammerlike tool; mallet(wooden hammer) used by a presiding officer or an auctioneer; V.
s dissonance
discord
n slag
glassy residue from smelting metal; dross; waste matter
n lank
long and thin; Ex. Lank, gaunt, Abraham Lincoln
n pallid
pale; wan; Ex. pallid complexion
n largess
generous gift (given to people who do not have enough)
n gesticulation
motion; gesture; V. gesticulate: make gestures (while speaking)
n pell-mell
in confusion; disorderly; Ex. dash pell-mell
n susceptible
impressionable; easily influenced; sensitive; having little resistance as to a disease; likely to suffer; receptive to; capable of accepting; Ex. susceptible to persuasion/colds; Ex. The agreement is not susceptible of alteration; N. susceptibility
n rubric
title or heading (in red print); directions for religious ceremony; protocol
n chisel
swindle or cheat; N: wedgelike tool for cutting
n sententious
pithy; terse; concise; aphoristic
s nimble
quick in movement; agile; quick in understanding; Ex. nimble climber/mind
synthetic
not natural; artificial; resulting from synthesis; Ex. synthetic fiber; N.
s impersonal
not being a person; not showing personal feelings; Ex. impersonal force/manner/organization
proviso
stipulation; condition in an agreement; provision
miserly
stingy; mean
aptitude
fitness; talent
n hoax
trick which makes someone take action; practical joke; Ex. hoax mail; V.
dishearten
discourage
n balk
stop short, as if faced with an obstacle, and refuse to continue; foil; stop or get in the way of; frustrate
n carrion
rotting flesh of a dead body; CF. vulture
acme
peak; pinnacle; highest point
absolute
complete; totally unlimited; having complete power; certain; not relative; Ex. absolute honesty/ruler; CF. absolutism
repellent
driving away; disgusting; offensive; repulsive; unattractive; N.
n piebald
of different colors; mottled; spotted in different colors (esp. in black and white); Ex. piebald horse; CF. pie+bald
n neologism
new or newly coined word or phrase
n dolt
slow-thinking stupid person; CF. dull
n importune
beg persistently; make repeated requests (in an annoying way)
n chase
ornament a metal surface by indenting; follow rapidly to catch
amenities
convenient features that helps to make life pleasant; social courtesies
discordant
not harmonious; conflicting
conciliatory
reconciling; soothing; V. conciliate: reconcile; soothe; win the friendly feelings (by removing anger)
n don
put on; OP. doff
s standstill
condition of no movement or activity; stop
aromatic
fragrant; having a sweet smell; N. aroma: strong pleasant smell
apparition
ghost; phantom
s urge
drive or force forward (by causing impulses); drive to take action; impel; entreat earnestly; Ex. urge horses; N: impulse that prompts action
n salubrious
healthful; conducive to health or well-being; socially desirable; Ex. salubrious area; CF. health
equable
tranquil; of even calm temper; (of temperature) steady; uniform
n protocol
diplomatic etiquette; ceremony and etiquette observed by diplomats; first copy of a treaty before its ratification; Ex. Protocol demands that the queen meet him at the airport.
n gloss_over
explain away with the intention of deceiving or hiding faults
n gastronomy
art and science of preparing and serving good food; CF. gastronome
n febrile
feverish
impassive
without feeling; expressionless; imperturbable; stoical; Ex. impassive face
s far-fetched
too improbable to be believed; implausible; Ex. far-fetched story
irksome
annoying; tedious; V. irk: annoy
s airy
of air; high in the air; lofty; immaterial; unreal
s stumble
trip and almost fall; proceed unsteadily; act falteringly; N.
premonition
forewarning; presentiment; foreboding
n orthography
correct spelling; CF. ortho-: straight; correct; Ex. orthodontics
intervene
come between; interfere; Ex. intervened to prevent a fight; N. intervention
s tart
sharp to the taste; acid-tasting; caustic; sarcastic; Ex. tart apple/reply
s lot
object used in making a determination at random; fate; piece of land
n ceremonious
marked by formality; extremely formal and polite; CF. ceremony: conventional social courtesy
nocturnal
done or active at night; Ex. nocturnal animals/raids; CF. nocturne
connoisseur
person competent to act as a judge of art, etc. (whose judgments are respected); a lover of an art
secession
withdrawal; V. secede: withdraw formally from membership
s sprout
begin to grow; give off shoots or buds; N: new growth on a plant; shoot
arrears
being in debt; money that should have been paid; work that should have been done
n ornithologist
scientific student of birds; N. ornithology: scientific study of birds
auxiliary
offering or providing help; additional or subsidiary; N: helper; assistant
n esoteric
hard to understand; known only to the chosen few, esp. initiates; N. esoterica
n smirk
conceited smile; offensively self-satisfied smile (often at someone else's misfortune); V.
probity
uprightness; honesty; incorruptibility
n sartorial
pertaining to tailors or tailoring; Ex. a man of great sartorial elegance; CF. sartor: tailor
aspersion
slanderous remark; Ex. cast aspersions on
terrestrial
on or relating to the earth
s clown
act stupidly; play the fool; N.
predecessor
former occupant of a post
n harping
tiresome dwelling on a subject; V. harp: dwell on(think or speak a lot about) tediously
diabolical
diabolic; devilish; fiendish
n tautological
needlessly repetitious; Ex. ``It was visible to the eye''; N. tautology: needless repetition of the same sense; statement that is always true
s fit
sudden outburst of an illness or feeling; convulsion caused by epilepsy
n Machiavellian
crafty; double-dealing; of the political doctrine of Machiavelli, which holds that craft and deceit are justified in pursuing political power
n slight
insult to one's dignity; snub; V: treat as if of small importance; insult; snub; ADJ. small in size; of small importance
exculpate
clear from blame or guilt
adjutant
staff officer assisting the commander; assistant
demented
insane
n metallurgical
pertaining to the art of removing metals from ores; N. metallurgy: science that deals with extracting metals from ores
n descry
catch sight of (something distant)
s constituency
voters represented by an elected official; district so represented; group of supporters (or constituents)
adventitious
accidental; casual; happening by chance
s horoscope
diagram of the positions of stars at a given moment (eg. of a person's birth) used by astrologers
din
continued loud noise; V: make a din; instill by wearying repetition
s primary
first in rank or importance; principal; earliest in time; Ex. primary stages; N. CF. first
n unassuming
modest; Ex. the champion's unassuming manner
n tout
promote or publicize (one's goods or service); praise excessively (as a form of advertisement); CF. advertise
s morgue
mortuary; place where bodies are kept before burial or cremation
dermatologist
one who studies the skin and its diseases
n raconteur
story-teller; one who tells stories with wit and skill
n equine
resembling a horse; Ex. equine face
annotate
comment; make explanatory notes
s base
contemptible; morally bad; inferior in value or quality; Ex. base motives/conduct; Ex. base metal such as iron
n exegesis
explanation, especially of biblical(of the bible) passages
n rivulet
small stream; CF. rill < rivulet < river
n liability
drawback; handicap; debts; obligation; responsibility; condition of being liable; ADJ. liable: likely; responsible (for paying)
s stampede
sudden frenzied rush (of panic-stricken animals or people); V: participate in or cause stampede; Ex. stampede before the price rises
cache
hiding place; V.
n garish
overbright in color; unpleasantly bright; gaudy
impasse
predicament(dangerous condition) from which there is no escape; situation allowing for no further progress
delta
flat plain of mud or sand between branches of a river
s mongrel
plant or animal (esp. a dog) of mixed breed; ADJ.
acquiesce
assent; agree passively; comply without protest
s brawl
noisy quarrel
abominate
loathe; hate
n tantamount
equivalent in effect or value; Ex. This invasion is tantamount to a declaration of war; CF. amount
expurgate
clean; remove offensive parts of a book
n ostracize
banish from a group; exclude from public favor; ban; Ex. His friends ostracized him. N. ostracism
s primate
group of mammals including humans
n stanza
division of a poem (composed of two or more lines)
s relapse
return to a former state (esp. after improvement); N.
n inarticulate
speechless; producing indistinct speech; not articulate; not expressing oneself clearly
s solicitor
lawyer in the lower court of law
n argot
slang; speech spoken by only a small group of people
lament
grieve; express sorrow; N. lamentation
s hull
husk; dry outer covering of a seed; frame or body of a ship
s filth
dirty matter; ADJ. filthy
s defect
shortcoming; V: desert (in order to join the opposite one)
n lavish
liberal; wasteful; generous or wasteful in giving or using; abundant; profuse; great; Ex. decorated lavishly; V. give in abundance
n meander
wind or turn in its course; follow a winding or turning course; move aimlessly and idly
n inveigle
deceive; lead astray by deception; wheedle(cajole); Ex. inveigle her into joining the club; CF. interest dishonestly
s linger
loiter or dawdle; be slow in leaving; delay going; continue or persist; be slow to disappear; Ex. The smell lingered for days.
n sherbet
flavored dessert ice
s deport
send out of the country; behave; N. deportation, deportment
formidable
menacing; arousing fear; threatening; difficult to defeat; Ex. formidable foe/question
s polar
of a pole; characterized by opposite extremes; Ex. polar opposites
desolate
make desolate; forsake; abandon and desert
n stupefy
stun; make numb (as with a drug); amaze
abridge
condense or shorten
condescend
(derog.) bestow courtesies with a superior air; descend to the level of one considered inferior
inculcate
teach (ideas or principles); instill
n bluff
pretense (of strength); deception; high cliff; ADJ: rough but good-natured
flora
plants of a region or era
s permissive
allowing much freedom; lenient; Ex. permissive society
eccentricity
oddity; idiosyncrasy
devout
pious; deeply religious; sincere; earnest; Ex. my devout hope
n sanctimonious
displaying ostentatious or hypocritical devoutness; N. sanctimony: hypocritical piety
erotic
pertaining to passionate love or sexual love
s deputize
work or appoint as a deputy; N. deputy: person who has the power to take charge when the leading person is away
amphibian
able to live both on land and in water; N.
partition
divide into parts
n betroth
become engaged to marry
s treasure
keep as precious; cherish
s culprit
one guilty of a crime
guile
deceit; duplicity; wiliness; cunning; Ex. persuade her by guile
n frenzied
madly excited; N. frenzy: violent wild excitement
submissive
willing to obey orders; yielding; timid
s bridle
harness fitted about a horse's head (used to restrain); curb; check; V: put a bridle on; control or restrain; show anger
indefatigable
tireless; untiring; showing no sign of getting tired
pliable
flexible; easily influenced; yielding; adaptable
n horticultural
pertaining to cultivation of gardens; N. horticulture: science or art of cultivating fruits, vegetables, or ornamental plants; CF. agriculture: science or art of farming or growing crops
s shove
push forward; push roughly; Ex. pushing and shoving to get on the bus; N.
n sallow
(of the skin) yellowish and unhealthy-looking; sickly in color; Ex. sallow complexion due to jaundice
n laggard
slow; sluggish; N: one who lags; straggler
n toga
Roman outer robe
n rave
overwhelmingly favorable review; V: talk wildly as if mad; Ex. raving lunatic
synthesis
combining parts or separate things into a whole; the whole so formed; PL. syntheses; V. synthesize
n isthmus
narrow neck of land connecting two larger bodies of land
n gawk
stare foolishly; look in open-mouthed awe
n shun
keep away from; avoid deliberately; Ex. She has been shunned by her neighbors.
n schism
division into factions (esp. within a religious body); split
chasm
abyss; very deep crack
n capacity
mental or physical ability; role; position or duty; ability to accommodate; Ex. in my capacity as president
s reckon
count; calculate; regard as; think; suppose
n array
marshal; draw up in order; arrange in order; clothe splendidly; adorn; N: fine clothes; ordered group; Ex. in battle array
facilitate
help bring about; make less difficult
s pulpit
raised platform used in preaching (in a church)
festive
joyous; celebratory; relating to a feast or festival
s elevation
elevated position; altitude; height; flat upright side of a building; angle made by pointing a gun; Ex. The elevation of her style is much admired; Ex. front elevation of the house
contagion
infection (by contact); ADJ. contagious; CF. infectious: that can be passed by infection in the air
n glower
scowl; glare; look or stare angrily
interim
meantime; Ex. in the interim; ADJ. taking place during an interim; Ex. interim paper
n profligate
wasteful (of money); dissipated; wildly immoral; dissolute; N: profligate person; N. profligacy
grandiose
affectedly grand; pretentious; high-flown; ridiculously exaggerated; impressive; great in size or scope; grand; Ex. grandiose ideas
s undertaker
funeral director; one whose business is to arrange burials
n rig
fix or manipulate; manipulate dishonestly for personal gain; Ex. rig the election
s willowy
flexible; pliant; slender; CF. willow
n savor
enjoy; have a distinctive flavor, smell, or quality; N: taste or smell; distinctive quality
impalpable
imperceptible(not easily understood); intangible; OP. palpable: tangible; easily perceptible
n drone
talk dully; buzz or murmur like a bee; N.
n ferret
drive or hunt out of hiding; hunt with ferrets; drive out (as from a hiding place); expel; uncover or discover by searching; Ex. ferret out the secret; N. small fierce animal which catches rats and rabbits by going into their holes
s idle
not working; not employed or busy; lazy; without purpose; useless; lacking substance; baseless; not based on truth; Ex. idle worker; Ex. talk idly; V.
n motif
theme; recurrent thematic element in a musical or literary work; single or repeated pattern; figure
metamorphosis
change of form; Ex. metamorphosis of caterpillar to butterfly; V. metamorphose: change by metamorphosis
n oaf
stupid awkward person; CF. elf
s emblazon
ornament richly (a shield or flag); N. emblazonment
lewd
lustful
n sepulcher
tomb; V: place in a sepulcher; ADJ. sepulchral
centrifuge
machine that separates substances by whirling them
n contingent
dependent on something uncertain or in the future; conditional; happening by chance; accidental; N: a group of soldiers, ships to a larger force; CF. contingency: future event that may or may not occur; possibility; Ex. prepare for every contingency
n hirsute
hairy; having a lot of hair
s crochet
make (a piece of needlework) by looping thread with a hooked needle; N. CF. crotchet
n bestial
beastlike; brutal; inhuman; very cruel
fundamental
basic; primary; essential
n flotsam
drifting wreckage
n turbid
(of a liquid) having the sediment disturbed; muddy; thick
n manipulate
operate with one's hands; control or play upon (people, forces, etc.) artfully; maneuver; Ex. how to manipulate publicity and men; ADJ. manipulative
abet
assist usually in doing something wrong; encourage
n osseous
made of bone; bony
n document
provide written evidence (for a claim); record with documents; N.
cadaver
corpse; dead human body
iniquitous
wicked; immoral; unrighteous; N. iniquity; Ex. den of iniquity
propagate
increase in number by producing young; multiply; spread; Ex. Most plants propagate by seed; Ex. newspaper propagating their ideas
n chicanery
trickery; deception
sublime
causing deep feelings of wonder, joy, respect, etc.; exalted; noble and uplifting; utter
n scurrilous
abusive; obscene; indecent; Ex. scurrilous remark
n stem
stop or check (the flow of); Ex. stem the bleeding from the slashed artery; N: main axis of a plant; stalk
n trident
three-pronged spear
s swagger
walk or behave with an over-confident manner
s scrap
small bit or fragment; discarded waste material; fight; Ex. a scrap of paper/cloth; V: break into parts for disposal; discard as worthless; fight; quarrel
lineage
descent; ancestry
gerontocracy
government ruled by old people
n gnarled
twisted
n hilarity
boisterous mirth(merriment; laughter); ADJ. hilarious: full of laughter
n mogul
powerful person; Ex. oil moguls; CF. Mogol, Moghul; CF. Mongolian
epicure
connoisseur of food and drink; gourmet; ADJ. epicurean; CF. Epicurus
fluency
smoothness of speech; ADJ. fluent
n flail
beat with or as if with a flail; move wildly; thresh grain by hand; strike or slap; toss about; N: threshing tool consisting of a stick swinging from the end of a long handle
n supererogatory
superfluous; more than needed or demanded
censure
blame; criticize; express strong disapproval; N: severe criticism; strong disapproval
negate
cancel out; nullify; cause to have no effect; deny; N. negation
obsequy
funeral ceremony
n ineluctable
irresistible; not to be escaped; unavoidable
sibling
brother or sister
infraction
violation (of a rule or regulation); breach
enfranchise
admit to the rights of citizenship (especially the right to vote); CF. franchise
tremor
trembling; slight quiver (as of the earth or from nervous agitation)
minute
extremely small; CF. minutes: official record of the proceedings at a meeting
n chafe
warm by rubbing; make sore by rubbing; N.
anticlimax
letdown in thought or emotion; something unexciting, ordinary, or disappointing coming after something important or exciting
couple
join; unite; OP. uncouple
n clapper
striker (tongue) of a bell
n rider
amendment or clause added to a legislative bill
compunction
remorse; strong uneasiness caused by guilt
n sate
satisfy to the full; satisfy to excess; cloy
n endearment
fond word or act; expression of affection
loathe
detest; ADJ. loathsome: arousing loathing; offensive; Ex. loathsome smell
n trek
travel; journey; V: make a long difficult journey
n elaboration
addition of details; intricacy
s peddle
travel about selling (wares); CF. foot
enervate
weaken; take away energy from
n pterodactyl
extinct flying reptile; CF. wing+finger
n carat(karat)
unit of weight for precious stones; measure of the purity of gold
dilemma
situation that requires a choice between equally unfavorable options; problem; choice of two unsatisfactory alternatives
s shade
slight difference in degree; nuance; degree of color; Ex. shades of meaning/grey
indigent
poor; destitute
subsidy
direct financial aid by government, etc.; V. subsidize: assist with a subsidy
n falter
hesitate; weaken in purpose or action; walk or move unsteadily through weakness; N.
sentinel
sentry; lookout
prophetic
of a prophet or prophecy; having to do with predicting the future; N. prophecy; V. prophesy; N. prophet
detrimental
harmful; damaging; N. detriment
repartee
quick clever reply
corrode
destroy or wear away gradually by chemical action (over a long period)
n impregnable
invulnerable; impossible to capture or enter by force; Ex. impregnable fort/argument; CF. take
n buttress
support; prop up; N. stationary structure to support wall; Ex. flying buttress
hindrance
block; obstacle; V. hinder
n chary
cautious; unwilling to take risks; sparing or restrained about giving; OP. bold
permeable
that can be permeated; penetrable; porous; allowing liquids or gas to pass through; V. permeate: spread or flow throughout; charge
s miscellaneous
made up of a variety of parts
axiom
self-evident truth requiring no proof
s remit
transmit (money) in payment; free someone from a debt or punishment
s awful
terrible; very bad
recession
withdrawal; retreat; time of low economic activity
unfaltering
steadfast; firm; not changing
diverse
differing in some characteristics (from each other); various; N. diversity: variety; dissimilitude; lack of resemblance
n ford
place where a river can be crossed on foot; V.
prestige
respect or admiration; impression produced by achievements or reputation; ADJ: causing admiration; ADJ. prestigious: having prestige
eclipse
darken; extinguish; outshine; surpass; cause an eclipse
n rancor
long-lasting hatred; bitterness; Ex. negotiation without rancor; ADJ. rancorous
n quizzical
curious; suggesting puzzlement (without saying); questioning; teasing; mocking; bantering; Ex. quizzical glance
homage
honor; tribute; great respect; Ex. pay/do homage to
magnitude
greatness (in size or extent); extent
n blanch
bleach; whiten; make white or pale
comely
attractive; agreeable; having a pleasing appearance
allay
calm; pacify
cantankerous
ill-humored; irritable
desolate
(of a place) deserted; unpopulated; (of a person) lonely; forlorn; joyless
n inviolable
secure from corruption, attack, or violation(or profanation); unassailable; Ex. inviolable oath/rights; N. inviolability
n provender
dry food for livestock; fodder
s parallel
similar; analogous; corresponding; N: parallel line; person or thing that is parallel (to another); similarity; Ex. know of no parallel to the case; Ex. without parallel; V: be similar to; make parallel; Ex. Your experience parallels mine; CF. unparalleled
s lunatic
insane; Ex. lunatic asylum
n unbridled
violent; uncontrolled; Ex. unbridled rage/greed
s violate
break (a law); defile; desecrate; assault sexually; Ex. violate graves
amplify
increase in size or effect; expand; broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make stronger; Ex. amplify one's remarks with a graph
s snub
ignore or behave coldly toward; Ex. I made a suggestion but she snubbed me; N.
perfidious
treacherous; disloyal; N. perfidy: treachery
impartial
not biased; fair; N. impartiality
n shoddy
made of inferior material; sham; not genuine; inferior; dishonest; Ex. shoddy goods/trick
n bucolic
rustic; pastoral
n plumage
feathers of a bird;
carnage
destruction of life; slaughter; killing of large numbers of people or animals
expound
explain
n anthem
song of praise or patriotism; Ex. national anthem
philanthropist
lover of mankind; doer of good; N. philanthropy
s pose
assume a particular posture; put forward; present; affect a particular attitude (to impress others); Ex. pose a threat; N.
n filibuster
block legislation or prevent action in a lawmaking body by making very slow long speeches; N; freebooter
perigee
point of moon's orbit when it is nearest the earth; CF. apogee
emancipate
set free; liberate
molecule
the smallest particle (one or more atoms) of a substance that has all the properties of that substance
notoriety
disrepute; ill fame
anneal
reduce brittleness and improve toughness by heating and cooling (metal or glass)
depict
portray
n pundit
authority on a subject; expert; learned person
n crestfallen
dejected; dispirited
n temporize
gain time as by postponing an action; avoid committing oneself
dilute
make (a liquid) less concentrated; reduce in strength; Ex. dilute the influence of the president
ambrosia
food of the gods
fumble
move the fingers and hands awkwardly (in search of something); mishandle or drop a ball that is in play; bungle; botch; spoil by mishandling; N.
amiss
wrong; faulty; Ex. something amiss; ADV.
indissoluble
permanent; impossible to dissolve or disintegrate
approbation
approval
n savant
scholar; learned person; CF. savoir: know
s dignitary
person of high rank or position
n intimate
hint; suggest; imply; ADJ: marked by close relationship; familiar; private; personal; Ex. intimate knowledge/thoughts in the diary; N: close friend or confidant; CF. intimacy
n baroque
highly ornate
n braggadocio
boasting
tenacious
holding fast (as to a belief); persistent
s shed
small roofed structure for storage and shelter; V: pour forth; lose by natural process; repel without allowing penetration; radiate; cast; Ex. shed tears/light/water/skin/leaves
s cunning
clever in deceiving; sly; N: cleverness in deceiving; deceit
mercenary
motivated solely by money or gain; N.
s sneak
move, give, or take in a quiet, stealthy way; N: one who sneaks; ADJ. sneaky
s puzzle
baffle or confuse by a difficult problem; ponder over a problem in an effort to solve; clarify or solve by reasoning; Ex. puzzle out the answer; N.
s squash
crush; quash; suppress
explicate
explain in detail; interpret; clarify; CF. explicable
mammoth
gigantic; enormous
n staid
serious and sedate; sober; Ex. staid during the funeral ceremony
prosperity
good fortune and financial success; physical well-being
s touching
causing a feeling of pity or sympathy; pathetic; V. touch: cause to feel pity or sympathy; ADJ. touched
quaint
odd in an old-fashioned way; odd; old-fashioned; picturesque
multiform
having many forms
s doze
sleep lightly; nap
infiltrate
pass into or through; penetrate or enter (an organization) sneakily; Ex. infiltrate the troops into enemy territory; CF. infiltrator
obsidian
black volcanic rock
sinister
evil; ominous
allegory
story, play, or picture in which characters are used as symbols; fable
s speechless
unable for the moment to speak (because of strong feeling); Ex. speechless with anger
n quagmire
bog; marsh; soft, wet, boggy land; predicament; complex or dangerous situation from which it is difficult to free oneself
amity
friendship; peaceful relationship as between nations
derelict
negligent; (of someone) neglectful of duty; (of something) deserted by an owner; abandoned; N: abandoned property; homeless or vagrant person
partial
incomplete; favoring one side over another; having a liking for something
liaison
contact that keeps parties in communication; communication between groups; one that maintains communication; go-between; secret love affair; V. liaise: keep a connection
s dummy
imitation of a real object used as a substitute; effigy
n emulate
imitate; rival; try to equal or excel (through imitation)
humanitarian
one devoted to the promotion of human welfare; CF. humanism
n tensile
capable of being stretched; of tension; Ex. tensile rubber
n fritter
waste (time or money on unimportant things)
prologue
introduction (to a poem or play)
proliferate
grow rapidly (in numbers); spread; multiply; N. proliferation
extirpate
root up; uproot; destroy completely
s bulge
protruding part; swelling of a surface; Ex. The apple made a bulge in his pocket; V: swell outward; protrude
n brandish
wave around (a weapon); flourish
n tract
propaganda pamphlet (esp. by a religious or political group); expanse of land; region of indefinite size; system of related organs; Ex. digestive tract
unequivocal
plain; clear; obvious
propensity
natural inclination
s pastry
paste of flour and water (eaten when baked)
malodorous
foul-smelling
carnivorous
meat-eating; N. carnivore; CF. herbivore
dissertation
formal essay; treatise
degenerate
become worse in quality; deteriorate; ADJ: having become worse; Ex. a degenerate species; N: depraved or corrupt person
n rent
tear made by rending; rip; split
s tardy
slow; sluggish; not on time; late; Ex. tardy arrival
n ordain
decree or command; grant holy orders; predestine; install as a minister, priest, or rabbi; N. ordainment; CF. ordination
abrogate
abolish
proverb
adage; someone or something well known for notoriety; ADJ. proverbial: of a proverb; widely known; ADV. proverbially
n bluster
blow in heavy gusts; threaten emptily; bully; speak in a noisy or bullying manner; CF. breeze, gust, gale
n reek
emit (an unpleasant odor or smoke); give off an unpleasant odor; give out smoke; Ex. reeking chimney; N: unpleasant odor; stench
s jetsam
things thrown from a ship (to lighten the ship)
n odium
detestation; quality of being odious; hatefulness; disrepute (resulting from hateful conduct)
reprisal
retaliation
n coagulate
congeal; thicken; clot; N. coagulant
cohesion
tendency to keep together
n testator
maker of a will; CF. testatrix
s pudding
hot sweet dish
n pinion
restrain or immobilize by binding the wings or legs; N: bird's wing
defer
give in respectfully; submit; delay till later; exempt temporarily; N. deferment; CF. show respect, comply with, courteous
s exhale
breathe out; OP. inhale
appraise
estimate value of; N. appraisal
n iconoclastic
attacking cherished traditions; N. iconoclast: one who attacks traditional ideas; one who destroys sacred images
n polemic
attack or defense of an opinion; controversy or refutation; argument in support of point of view; N. polemics: art of debate or controversy
n bouillon
clear beef (or meat) soup
hamper
obstruct; prevent the free movement of; N: ½Ä·áÇ°À̳ª ÀǺ¹ µîÀ» ´ã´Â ¹Ù±¸´Ï
s bout
match; short period of great activity; Ex. wrestling bout; bout of drinking/flu
n gouge
overcharge (with high price); extort from; Ex. gouge the public; CF. usury
s emasculate
weaken; castrate
s confidence
self-assurance; calm unworried feeling based on a strong belief in one's abilities; strong belief in the ability of a person or plan; trust or faith in a person or thing; something confided; secret; Ex. confidence in your ability; Ex. I'm telling you this in confidence; Ex. exchange confidences about their boyfriends; ADJ. confident
s plump
pleasantly fat; nicely rounded
illusive
deceiving; based on illusion; causing illusion; deceptive
n slovenly
untidy; careless in work habits; slipshod; N. sloven: one who is habitually untidy or careless
aerie(aery,eyrie,eyry)
nest of a large bird of prey
s bump
hit or knock against with force; N.
n panache
flair; manner of doing things without any difficulty (causing admiration); flamboyance; bunch of feathers (on a helmet); Ex. with great panache; CF. ÀÜ ¾Æ·¡·Î õÀ» »©³»´Â ¼Ø¾¾
n junket
trip especially one taken for pleasure by an official at public expense
n extenuate
weaken; mitigate; lessen the seriousness of (bad behavior)
stealth
action of moving secretly or unseen; slyness; sneakiness; secretiveness; ADJ. stealthy
n stymie
thwart; present an obstacle; stump
n penance
self-imposed punishment for sin; Ex. do penance for one's sins; CF. penitent
n fortuitous
accidental; by chance; N. fortuity
humane
marked by kindness or consideration; kind and compassionate; humanitarian
s flush
redden; blush; flow suddenly and abundantly; wash out by a rapid brief flow of water; N: reddish tinge; blush; brief rush; rush of strong feeling; Ex. flush of pride; ADJ: having surfaces in the same plane; even; blushing
n accoutre
equip; N. accoutrement
n skulk
move furtively and secretly; Ex. He skulked through the less fashionable sections of the city.
termination
end; V. terminate
n scabbard
case for a sword blade; sheath
n steadfast
steadily loyal; unswerving; steady
s parchment
writing material made from the skin of a sheep or goat
despondent
without hope and courage; depressed; gloomy; N. despondency: loss of hope with gloom; dejection
demise
death
concatenate
link as in a chain
siren
apparatus for making sounds; womanlike creature
n mete
measure; distribute; administer; Ex. mete out justice/punishment
attrition
rubbing away by friction; gradual decrease in numbers or strength; reduction in the work force without firing employees; wearing away of opposition by means of harassment; Ex. a war of attrition
s pending
not yet decided or settled; impending; Ex. pending decision; PREP. while awaiting; until; Ex. delay the decision pending his return
extemporaneous
not planned; impromptu; extempore
n browbeat
bully; intimidate
reciprocal
mutual; given and received in return; exchangeable; interacting; Ex. reciprocal trade agreement
s gradation
series of gradual stages; degree in such a progression
n proscenium
part of stage in front of curtain; front arch of a stage
n gourmet
connoisseur of food and drink; epicure
n thrall
slave; bondage; slavery; Ex. Her beauty held him in thrall; CF. enthrall
incongruity
lack of harmony; absurdity; ADJ. incongruous: lacking in harmony; inappropriate
platitude
trite remark; commonplace statement; ADJ. platitudinous
repercussion
rebound; reaction; reverberation; Ex. serious repercussion
s rooster
cock; adult male chicken
n quibble
minor objection or complaint; V: raise minor objections; carp; cavil
daunt
intimidate; frighten; discourage; dishearten
n molt(moult)
periodically shed or cast off hairs or feathers (for replacement by a new growth)
n hue
color; aspect; Ex. opinions of every hue
n puissant
powerful; strong; potent; N. puissance: power
stamina
power of endurance; strength; staying power
n heyday
time of greatest success or power; prime
n rotunda
circular building or hall covered with a dome
adept
expert at; very skilled
implausible
unlikely (to be true); unbelievable; Ex. implausible alibi
pacify
soothe; make calm or quiet; subdue; bring peace to
s lounge
stand, sit, or lie in a lazy, relaxed way
n strident
loud and harsh; insistent; N. stridency
n pry
inquire impertinently (someone else's private affairs); use leverage to raise or open something; prize; N. pries: tool for prying
precipice
cliff; dangerous position; Ex. on the edge of the precipice
n loom
appear or take shape (usually in an enlarged, indistinct, or distorted form); Ex. The shadow of the gallows loomed threateningly. N: apparatus for making thread into cloth
comprehensive
broad; including a lot or everything; thorough; inclusive
n enrapture
please intensely; fill with rapture and delight
s toll
sound (a large bell) slowly at regular intervals; N: sound of a bell; fixed tax or charge
hatch
deck opening; lid covering a deck opening; V: emerge from an egg; produce (young) from an egg
n hegemony
dominance especially of one nation over others
premonitory
serving to warn
n hale
healthy
sluggish
lazy; slow; inactive; lethargic; CF. slug: nail with no shell
condiments
seasonings; spices
retract
withdraw; take back; draw back; Ex. retract a statement/an offer/claws; N. retraction; CF. retractile
n cynosure
object of general attention; person or thing that is a center of attention; CF. Ursa Minor
aversion
firm dislike
n philistine
narrow-minded person, uncultured and exclusively interested in material gain; uncultured person who is indifferent to artistic and cultural values; member of an ancient people in Palestine; OP. aesthete
incognito
with identity concealed; using an assumed name; ADJ.
n fractious
unruly; peevish; cranky; bad-tempered; Ex. fractious horse
n cornucopia
horn (or horn-shaped container) overflowing with fruit and grain; symbol of abundance; horn of plenty
s gross
total; fragrant; clearly wrong; (of people's behavior) coarse; corpulent; Ex. gross insolence/behavior; V: earn as a total amount; N: 12 dozens
s tension
stretching; condition of being stretched; mental strain; strained relationship between groups or people
s vulgar
of the common people; deficient in refinement; not refined; coarse; Ex. vulgar display of wealth; N. vulgarism: vulgarity; crudely indecent word; CF. vulgarian: vulgar person; boor; lout
n stipple
paint or draw with dots or short strokes
repel
drive away; disgust; Ex. repel the attack/moisture; Ex. repelled by the dirty room; CF. repulsion
anachronism
an error involving time in a story; something or someone misplaced in time; ADJ. anachronistic
s wrongheaded
stubbornly wrong
n tightwad
miser; excessively frugal person
ascendancy
controlling influence; position of controlling influence; CF. in the ascendant
s tact
skill or sensitivity in dealing with people without causing offence
terminology
terms used in a science or art; study of nomenclature
migrant
changing its habitat; wandering; Ex. migrant birds/workers; N: one that migrates
s rig
arrangement of masts and sails; V: equip (a ship) with rigging; ADJ. rigging: ropes that hold up a ship's sails
s curfew
regulation requiring all people to leave the streets at stated times; signal (as a bell) announcing the hour of a curfew
ardor
heat; passion; zeal; ADJ. ardent
n juncture
crisis; point in time; joining point; joint; act of joining
n coddle
treat gently; indulge excessively; pamper; mollycoddle; baby; cook in water just below boiling point; Ex. coddled eggs
cursory
casual; hastily done with little attention to detail
n fulminate
thunder; explode; issue a severe denunciation
aggrandize
make greater; increase in power, wealth, rank, or honor; N. aggrandizement
s chuckle
laugh quietly
synchronous
similarly timed; simultaneous with; occurring at the same time; V. synchronize
complacency
self-satisfaction; smugness; ADJ. complacent
heedless
not noticing; disregarding
n retroactive
taking effect before its enactment (as a law) or imposition (as a tax); (of a law) having effect on the past as well as the future
recluse
hermit; loner; ADJ. reclusive
n invoke
call and bring into use (a right or law); call on/upon (a higher power or god) for help; ask for; beg for; conjure (a spirit); Ex. invoke the veto power; Ex. invoke one's advisor/God
n mulct
defraud a person of something; swindle; Ex. mulct the boy of his legacy
n spry
(esp. of older people) vigorously active; nimble
alchemy
medieval chemistry
infirmity
weakness
affidavit
written statement made under oath (for use as proof in a court of law)
s stately
formal; ceremonious; grand in style or size; majestic
s gobble
eat very quickly
s boor
rude, insensitive person
prognosis
forecasted course of a disease; prediction; CF. prognostic
intelligentsia
intellectuals; members of the educated elite (often used derogatorily)
tyro
beginner; novice
n bland
soothing or mild (food); agreeable; causing no trouble or offence
n brazen
insolent; without shame; bold; Ex. brazen lie; V: face with bold self-assurance or with unshamed confidence
n idiom
expression whose meaning as a whole differs from the meanings of its individual words; distinctive style (of expression); Ex. idiom of the modern popular music; ADJ. idiomatic
n besmirch
soil; defile; make dirty
n inveigh
denounce; utter censure or invective; Ex. inveigh against the evils of drink
n cistern
reservoir or water tank
n mandate
order; charge; authoritative command; power to govern another country; power to given to a government; region under administration; V: give a mandate to; place under a mandate; Ex. mandated territory
s noose
loop formed in a rope
portend
foretell; presage; be a sign or warning of; N. portent: sign; omen; forewarning
n luster
shine; gloss (of a polished surface)
irrelevant
not applicable; unrelated
anthropoid
manlike; resembling a human being; N.
misogynist
hater of woman; CF. misogyny
s lottery
contest in which winners are selected in a drawing of lots
concurrent
happening at the same time; in agreement
n harangue
long, passionate, and vehement speech; V.
s bliss
complete happiness; ADJ. blissful
preclude
make impossible; prevent; exclude; eliminate
amulet
charm; talisman; an object worn believed to protect against evil, bad luck
embellish
adorn; ornament; enhance as a story (by adding fictitious details)
martial
warlike; of war; Ex. martial art/law
n itinerant
wandering; traveling from place to place (to perform work); Ex. itinerant preacher
n pulchritude
beauty; comeliness; ADJ. pulchritudinous
ideology
system of ideas characteristic of a group or culture
foreshadow
give an indication beforehand; be a sign of (what is coming); portend; prefigure
n slough
(of a snake) shed or cast off (dead outer skin); N: outer layer that is shed
n burnish
make shiny by rubbing; polish
sect
separate religious body; faction; group of people with common beliefs within a larger group
n discombobulated
discomposed; confused
n fiat
command; arbitrary order; Ex. presidential fiat; CF. let it be done
theocracy
government run by religious leaders
s queer
strange; eccentric; deviating from the normal
haughtiness
pride; arrogance; ADJ. haughty
n flux
flowing; series of changes; fluctuation; Ex. in a state of flux
rend
split; tear apart; N. rent; CF. heartrending: causing deep sorrow
animated
lively; spirited
monastic
related to monks or monasteries; removed from worldly concerns
complementary
serving to complete something
enhance
increase; make greater (as in value, reputation, or usefulness); improve
s apiarist
person who keeps bees
extort
wring from; get money by threats, etc.; obtain by force or threats; CF. extortionate: exorbitant
n foolhardy
rash; reckless; foolishly daring
authoritarian
subordinating the individual to the state; completely dominating another's will; Ex. authoritarian regime/father
sedentary
requiring sitting; done while sitting; not moving from one place to another; settled; Ex. sedentary job/population
patent
obvious; easily seen; open for the public to read; of or protected by a patent; Ex. patent to everyone; N.
phobia
morbid fear
ramify
branch out; divide into branches or subdivisions
multilingual
having many languages; fluent in several languages
adage
wise saying; proverb
n doddering
shaky; infirm from old age; V. dodder
n lode
metal-bearing vein(long deposit of an ore)
s scorch
sear; N.
overt
open to view; public; not secret; CF. covert
efface
rub out; remove the surface of
n tessellated
mosaic; inlaid; Ex. tessellated pattern
exclaim
cry out suddenly; N. exclamation; ADJ. exclamatory
abstract
theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresentational
admonish
warn or speak to with gentle disapproval; reprove
n slacken
slow up; loosen; make or become slack
n grotto
small cavern
effeminate
having womanly traits
n haggard
wasted away; gaunt; Ex. haggard faces of the rescued miners
credence
belief
n lectern
reading desk or stand for a public speaker
n befuddle
confuse thoroughly
rusticate
banish to the country; dwell in the country
n fusillade
simultaneous firing or outburst (of missiles, questions, etc.)
n appurtenances
subordinate possessions; something added to a more important thing
n sentient
capable of sensation and conscious; aware; sensitive; Ex. sentient creature; N. sentience
n poignancy
quality of being deeply moving; keenness of emotion; ADJ. poignant: touching; deeply moving; (of sorrow, grief, etc.) painful; keenly distressing to the mind; Ex. poignant memory/anxiety; CF. prick
corollary
natural consequence (which naturally follows from something else)
n mote
small speck (esp. of dust)
citadel
fortress
n gainsay
deny
n livid
lead-colored; black and blue (as from a bruise); ashen; enraged; extremely angry
n buffoonery
clowning
s militia
army composed of ordinary citizens rather than professional soldiers
random
without definite purpose, plan, or aim; haphazard; Ex. random shots; Ex. chosen at random
odorous
having an odor
ravage
devastate; plunder; despoil; Ex. crops ravaged by storms
antithesis
contrast; direct opposite of or to; ADJ. antithetic or antithetical
n foment
stir up; incite; instigate; promote the growth of (something evil or unpleasant)
s sledge
large sled drawn by work animals
n tether
tie (an animal) with a rope or tether; N: rope or chain to which an animal is tied; limit of one's endurance; Ex. the end of one's tether
n hapless
unfortunate; luckless
emissary
agent (sent on a mission to represent another); messenger
n expropriate
take possession of (often for public use and without payment)
s slavish
of or like a slave; servile; showing no originality; copied very closely; Ex. slavish devotion/copy of the original
n stupor
state of being stupefied; state of apathy; daze; lack of awareness
n hypochondriac
person unduly worried about his health; worrier without cause about illness; ADJ. CF. hypochondria: neurosis that one is or is becoming ill; CF. abdomen
n sumptuous
grand suggesting great expense; lavish; rich; Ex. sumptuous feast
n coquette
flirt; flirtatious woman; woman who tries to attract the admiration of men without sincere feelings; V.
equitable
fair; impartial; OP. inequitable
s fiend
evil spirit; devil
n arduous
hard; strenuous; Ex. arduous work
s backslide
revert (to bad habits); N. reverter
reputable
respectable; having a good reputation
expedient
suitable (for a particular purpose although not necessarily morally correct); practical; politic(prudent); N: something expedient
conservatory(conservatoire)
school of the fine arts (especially music or drama); glass-enclosed area; CF. conservancy
append
attach
n jocund
merry
n humus
substance or rich soil formed by decaying vegetable matter; CF. soil
rudimentary
elementary; not developed; crude; N. rudiment: fundamental element or principle; Ex. rudiments of the language
n idyllic
charmingly carefree; simple and happy; Ex. idyllic scene
s engaged
employed; busy; betrothed; involved in conflict
n awry
distorted; crooked; bent; Ex. Our plans have gone awry.
n gruesome
grisly; horrible
anarchy
absence of governing body; state of disorder
n manifold
many in number or kind; numerous; varied
s decorous
proper (in behavior, conduct, or appearance)
s bombast
grandiloquent, pompous speech
s hideous
repulsive to the sight; ugly; repugnant; Ex. hideous face/scream
n restive
impatiently restless (induced by external coercion or restriction); restlessly impatient; obstinately resisting control; Ex. restive horses because of wolves; CF. not a general synonym for `restless'
n debunk
expose as false, exaggerated, worthless, etc.; ridicule
n plagiarize
steal another's ideas or writings and pass them off as one's own; Ex. ideas plagiarized from my article; N. plagiarism; CF. kidnap
protract
prolong; lengthen in time; draw out
resolve
decide; settle; solve; separate; make a determined decision; N. resolution
s parish
area in the care of a single priest and served by one main church
n caste
one of the hereditary classes in Hindu society; social stratification; prestige
monarchy
government under a single ruler
migratory
wandering; V. migrate: move from one region and settle in another; move periodically from one region to another
n dabble
work at in a nonserious fashion; splash around; move noisily in a liquid
s bigot
one who is intolerant (in matters of religion or politics)
n smattering
slight knowledge; small scattered number or amount; Ex. smattering of German
convention
social or moral custom; established practice; formal meeting; international agreement
s boost
lift by pushing up from below; increase; raise; N: push upward; increase
discretion
prudence; ability to adjust actions to circumstances; freedom of action or judgment; ADJ. discreet; CF. discretionary
dissection
analysis; cutting apart in order to examine
s bristle
short stiff hair; V: (hair or fur) stand up stiffly
n bungle
mismanage; blunder; botch; blow; spoil by clumsy behavior
n quarry
dig into (to get stone); N: mine; ä¼®Àå
discernible
distinguishable; perceivable; Ex. discernible improvement
n simian
monkeylike; N: ape or monkey
s dereliction
neglect of duty; abandonment
n choreography
art of representing dances in written symbols; arrangement of dances
beneficial
helpful; useful; advantageous
n prate
talk idly; speak foolishly; boast idly
Occident
the West
s peer
one who has equal standing with another; nobleman; V: look intently; N. peerage; CF. peeress
impropriety
improperness; unsuitableness
psychosis
mental disorder; ADJ. N. psychotic
n prolixity
tedious wordiness; verbosity; ADJ. prolix: wordy; verbose; diffuse
demeanor
behavior; bearing
astute
wise; shrewd; keen; seeing quickly something that is to one's advantage
reprieve
postponement or cancelation of a punishment; temporary stay; V: postpone or cancel the punishment of
n spurious
false; counterfeit; forged; illogical; Ex. spurious arguments
outmoded
no longer in fashion or use; no longer stylish; old-fashioned
n grate
make a harsh noise; have an unpleasant effect; shred by rubbing against a rough surface; Ex. grated cheese N: framework of metal bars to hold fuel in a fireplace
barrister
counselor-at-law or lawyer in the higher court of law; CF. bar
n preternatural
beyond what is normal in nature; supernatural; Ex. preternatural strength/forces
n merger
combination (of two business corporations); act of merging
plight
difficult condition; condition or state (esp. a bad state or condition); predicament
amend
correct; change ; generally for the better
conjure
cause to appear by magic; summon (a devil or a spirit) by magical power; practice magic (esp. by very quick movement of the hands); evoke; conjure up: bring into the mind; Ex. The magician conjured a rabbit out of his hat.
n rote
repetition; memorization through repetition without understanding; Ex. learn poetry by rote
s smart
intelligent; quick and energetic; fashionable; Ex. smart pace/restaurant; V: cause or feel a sharp pain; N: smarting pain
archaeology
study of artifacts and relics of early mankind
elucidate
explain; make clear; clarify; enlighten; CF. lucid
n quotidian
daily; commonplace; customary; Ex. quotidian routine
patriarch
father and ruler of a family or tribe
s humble
of low rank or position; modest; having a low opinion of oneself and a high opinion of others; unassuming; not proud; V. humiliate: make humble; cause to feel ashamed or to lose the respect of others
s underhand(underhanded)
done slyly and secretly (being dishonest)
coincidence
the chance occurrence, at the same time, of two or more seemingly connected events; V. coincide: happen at the same time; be in agreement; CF. coincident; CF. coincidental
s ransack
search thoroughly; pillage (going through a place); Ex. Enemy soldiers ransacked the town.
frustrate
thwart; defeat; prevent from accomplishing a purpose
irrepressible
unable to be restrained or held back; impossible to hold back
n igneous
produced by fire; of fire; volcanic; (of rocks) formed from lava; Ex. igneous meteorite
bode
foreshadow; portend
prohibitive
so high as to prohibit purchase or use; tending to prevent the purchase or use of something; prohibiting; inclined to prevent or forbid; Ex. prohibitive tax
aberrant
abnormal or deviant
deride
ridicule; treat with contempt; make fun of; OP. respect
n clique
small exclusive group of people
n sensitization
process of being made sensitive or acutely responsive to an external agent or substance; V. sensitize: make or become sensitive
n tumid
(of a part of the body) swollen; distended; bombastic; pompous
obscure
dark; vague; unclear; not well known; Ex. obscure meaning/village; V: darken; cover; make unclear; Ex. obscure the moon/meaning
n luminous
shining (esp. in the dark); issuing light; Ex. luminous paint/road signs
bourgeois
middle class; selfishly materialistic; too interested in material possessions
prophylactic
used to prevent disease; N: something prophylactic; condom; N. prophylaxis: prevention of disease
n pensive
dreamily or deeply thoughtful; sadly thoughtful; thoughtful with a hint of sadness; contemplative; CF. think over
connubial
pertaining to marriage or the matrimonial state
innovation
change; something newly introduced; introduction of something new; V. innovate: begin or introduce (something new); be creative; ADJ. innovative
n morose
ill-humored; sullen; sullenly melancholy
predetermine
determine in advance; predestine; settle or decide beforehand; influence markedly
s sour
having a sharp or acid taste; acid; tart; bad-tempered; V.
conviction
judgment that someone is guilty of a crime; strongly held belief
servitude
slavery; compulsory labor imposed as a punishment
n phlegmatic
calm and unexcitable; not easily disturbed; CF. phlegm: sticky mucus produced in the respiratory tract
n loath
reluctant; unwilling; disinclined; Ex. Romeo and Juliet were both loath for him to go.
n kudos
honor; glory; acclaim or praise for exceptional achievement
s wring
twist (to extract liquid); extract by twisting; wrench painfully (necks or hands)
felon
person convicted of a grave crime; CF. felony: serious crime
n crux
essential or main point; Ex. the crux of the problem; ADJ. crucial: of deciding importance
alacrity
cheerful promptness without reluctance
n pathos
tender sorrow; pity; quality in art or literature that produces these feelings; Ex. pathos that runs through the novel
n lassitude
languor; weariness; listlessness
n drone
idle person who lives on other people's work; male bee
desiccate
dry up
s recess
pause; temporary cessation; alcove; secret inner place; Ex. parliament in recess; V. CF. recessive
n disclaim
disown; renounce claim to; deny; CF. disclaimer
n doldrums
blues; listlessness(lack of spirit or energy); slack(inactive) period; period of stagnation; ocean area near the equator where ships cannot move because there is no wind; Ex. in the doldrums
aspire
seek to attain (position or status); long for; Ex. aspire to become president; Ex. aspire to/after the leadership
n bilious
suffering from indigestion; sick from having too much bile; irritable; easily irritated
n chaffing
bantering; joking
impermeable
impervious; not permitting passage through its substance; impossible to permeate
s dys-
abnormal; impaired
s plane
carpenter's tool for smoothing and leveling wood; V. CF. flat
n salient
prominent; projecting beyond a line; conspicuous; Ex. salient features
estranged
separated; alienated; V. estrange: alienate (people in a family); N. estrangement
n plumb
exactly vertical; N: weight on the end of a line; V: examine very carefully or critically in order to understand; measure depth (by sounding); Ex. plumb the depth of
cumbersome
heavy and awkward to carry or wear; burdensome; Ex. cumbersome parcel/uniform
execrate
curse; express abhorrence for; detest
alloy
mixture as of metals; something added that lowers in value or purity; V: mix; make less pure; lower in value or quality; spoil; CF. unalloyed: not in mixture with other maetals; pure; complete; unqualified; Ex. unalloyed happiness
n disband
dissolve; disperse; (of a group) break up and separate; Ex. The club has disbanded.
immaculate
spotless; flawless; absolutely clean
n rostrum
raised platform for speech-making; pulpit
discourse
serious speech, writing, or conversation; formal discussion (either written or spoken); conversation; V.
parasite
animal or plant living on another; toady; sycophant; CF. para-: beside
subtlety
perceptiveness; ingenuity; delicacy; ADJ. subtle: delicate; so slight as to be difficult to detect; able to make fine distinctions; clever; Ex. subtle mind/differences in meaning
n nether
lower; Ex. nether garments/regions
restraint
moderation or self-control; controlling force; restriction
abjure
renounce upon oath
n chastise
punish as by beating; criticize severely
projectile
missile; fired or thrown object (such as stone or bullet)
manifest
evident; visible; obvious; V: show plainly
n foist
insert improperly; impose upon another by coercion; palm off; pass off as genuine or worthy; CF. fist
incredulity
tendency to disbelief
n spatula
broad-bladed instrument used for spreading or mixing
paradox
something apparently contradictory in nature (that may nonetheless be true); statement that looks false but is actually correct
condone
overlook; forgive; give tacit approval; excuse
n geniality
cheerfulness; kindliness; sympathy; ADJ. genial: cheerful and good-tempered
equanimity
calmness of temperament; composure
n philatelist
stamp-collector; N. philately: stamp collecting
s Bacchanalia
the ancient Roman festival in honor of Bacchus
engaging
charming; attractive
satiate
satisfy fully (physical needs such as hunger); sate; N. satiety: condition of being satiated
delusion
false belief; hallucination; deluding; Ex. delusions of grandeur; Ex. under the delusion that
n debonair
(of men) friendly, charming, and fashionably dressed; aiming to please; CF. of good disposition
initiate
begin; originate; receive into a group; introduce to a new field or activity; Ex. initiate someone into the mysteries of a secret religion; N: one who has been initiated
senility
old age; feeblemindedness of old age; ADJ. senile: resulting from old age; showing the weakness of body or mind from old age; Ex. senile dementia
unaccountable
unexplicable; impossible to account for; unreasonable or mysterious
incontinent
lacking self-restraint; not continent; licentious
exploit
make use of, sometimes unjustly; N. exploitation
n culinary
relating to cooking or kitchen
missile
object to be thrown or projected
encipher
encode; convert a message into code; put into cipher
recondite
abstruse; not easily understood; profound; secret
bureaucracy
overregulated administrative system marked by red tape; ADJ. bureaucratic
n prowess
extraordinary ability; military bravery; Ex. prowess in battle
n substantive
substantial; essential; pertaining to the substance; substantial; considerable; Ex. substantive issues
n outskirts
fringes; outer borders (as of a city); Ex. outskirts of Boston
impromptu
without previous preparation; off the cuff(end of a sleeve); on the spur of the moment
incorporate
introduce something into a larger whole; include; embody; give material form to; ADJ.
dolorous
sorrowful; N. dolor
s rhapsody
excessively enthusiastic expression of feeling; musical composition of irregular form (as if made up as one plays it)
preposterous
absurd; completely unreasonable; ridiculous
s sly
clever in deceiving; secretive; not telling one's intentions
seminal
related to seed or semen; germinal; creative; providing a basis for further development; influencing future developments; Ex. seminal research in a new field
n unearthly
not earthly; supernatural; weird; ghostly
n engage
attract; employ; hire; pledge oneself; confront; fight; enter into confliction; interlock; lock together; participate; N. engagement: agreement to marry; arrangement to meet someone or to do something; battle
n rift
narrow opening in a large mass; break in a friendly relation; Ex. through a rift in the clouds; OP. reconcilation
lunar
pertaining to the moon
accretion
growth or increase in size by gradual addition; growth; increase; increase by natural growth; Ex. towers and other accretions of the castle; V. accrete
commiserate
feel or express pity or sympathy for
pyromaniac
person with an insane desire to set things on fire
n hyperbole
exaggeration; overstatement; ADJ. hyperbolic: of hyperbole; of a hyperbola
s soar
rise or fly high in the air; Ex. The rocket soared into the sky.
s weary
tired after long work; V.
s recital
act of reciting publicly; detailed account; performance of music or dance (by a solo performer)
stoic
stoical; impassive; unmoved by joy or grief; N. CF. stoicism
s penology
study of prison management and criminal rehabilitation
s prop
support placed under or against something; V.
n inimical
(of someone) unfriendly; hostile; (of something) harmful; detrimental; CF. enemy
n demur
object (because of doubts, scruples); raise an objection (showing qualms); hesitate; Ex. demur at the idea of working on Sunday
intractable
unruly; difficult to manage; Ex. intractable problem/child
n bifurcated
divided into two branches; forked
bizarre
fantastic; violently contrasting; noticeably odd; strikingly unconventional
dissipate
squander; waste foolishly; scatter
derivative
unoriginal; obtained from another source; Ex. derivative prose style; N.
s creep
move with body close to the ground; move stealthily or slowly; N.
n cede
yield (title or territory) to (esp. after losing a war); surrender formally; N. cession
lucrative
profitable; producing wealth
n tantrum
fit of bad temper; fit of petulance; caprice; Ex. The child went into tantrums.
s totem
animal, plant, or natural object serving as a symbol of a clan or family; representation of this; Ex. totem pole
apogee
highest point; the point farthest from the earth; OP. perigee
n dismantle
take apart; disassemble
s prosperous
successful; rich; affluent; well-to-do; well-off
n stifle
suppress; extinguish; inhibit; smother or suffocate
s slink
move furtively; ADJ. slinky: stealthy; furtive; sneaky (as in ambush)
disapprobation
disapproval; condemnation
n orgy
wild drunken revelry; unrestrained indulgence in an activity; Ex. orgy of shopping
antidote
remedy to counteract a poison or disease; Ex. antidote to the economic troubles
inter
bury; N. interment
remediable
reparable
narcissist
conceited person; N. narcissism; CF. narcissus
s rumble
make or move with a deep rolling sound (as thunder or stomach)
s pen
fenced enclosure for animals; confining space; Ex. sheep pen; V: confine in a pen; enclose
s gush
(of liquid) pour out in large quantities from a hole; make an excessive display of feeling (without true feeling); Ex. Blood gushed from the wound.
indiscriminate
choosing at random; confused; not based on careful distinctions
s self-indulgence
excessive indulgence of one's own desire
n insularity
narrow-mindedness; isolation; ADJ. insular: of an island; isolated; narrow-minded; CF. peninsula
subsequent
following in time or order; later
n figment
invention; something invented; imaginary thing; Ex. figment of your imagination
perfunctory
done routinely and with little care; superficial; not thorough; lacking interest, care, or enthusiasm; Ex. perfunctory kiss
static
having no motion; unchanging; lacking development; N. stasis: stable state
n foppish
vain about dress and appearance; N. fop: man who takes too much interest in his clothes and appearance
n dally
trifle with; toy with; treat without the necessary seriousness; procrastinate; waste time
impunity
freedom from punishment or harm; CF. punish
fissure
crevice; crack
s outgoing
sociable; eager to mix socially with others
graphic
pertaining to the art of delineating; vividly described
n quarantine
isolation of a person, place, or ship to prevent spread of infection; V: isolate in quarantine
potent
powerful; convincing; persuasive; greatly influential
s scrimmage
disorderly fight between two or more people
s pinch
squeeze between the thumb and a finger, or other edges; Ex. I had to pinch myself to make sure I wasn't dreaming. N: amount that can be held between the thumb and a finger
meticulous
excessively careful (with great attention to detail); painstaking; scrupulous
n malapropism
comic misuse of a word; CF. Mrs. Malaprop
unerringly
infallibly; ADJ. unerring: making no mistakes
devoid
empty; lacking
allocate
assign; set apart for a particular purpose
s mannerism
distinctive behavioral trait; affected style in art (according to a set of styles)
n taciturn
habitually silent; talking little
n prescience
ability to foretell the future; knowledge of actions before they occur; ADJ. prescient
satellite
small body revolving around a larger one
kinetic
producing motion; of motion
n tycoon
wealthy and powerful businessperson; wealthy leader; magnate; Ex. business tycoon
s gentle
kindly; soft; mild; of good family
endemic
prevailing among a specific group of people or in a specific area or country; peculiar to a particular region or people; CF. pandemic
s jab
poke abruptly with something sharp; punch with short blows
s jumble
mix in a confused way
n raucous
(of voice) harsh and unpleasant; (of people) disorderly and boisterous; Ex. raucous shouts
n cower
shrink quivering as from fear; cringe
n bohemian
unconventional (in an artistic way)
n titular
of a title; in name only; nominal; having the title of an office without the obligations; Ex. titular head of the company
atrophy
wasting away; V: weaken and lose flesh and muscle (through lack of blood or lack of use)
civil
having to do with citizens; not military or religious; courteous and polite; Ex. married in a civil ceremony; Ex. civil strife/disorder/law; N. civility; CF. civic
brevity
conciseness; shortness of duration
n berate
scold strongly
n rapt
engrossed; absorbed; enchanted; Ex. rapt listener
n memento
token; reminder of the past; keepsake; Ex. memento of your visit
n limber
flexible; supple; pliable; V.
n labile
likely to change; unstable; Ex. emotionally labile; N. lability
n aplomb
poise; composure in difficult situations; assurance; self-confidence
catastrophe
calamity ; disaster
alliteration
repetition of beginning sound in poetry
adulation
flattery; admiration that is more than is necessary or deserved
n equivocate
use equivocal language to deceive people; lie; mislead; attempt to conceal the truth; N. equivocation
n rhetoric
art of effective communication; art of using language effectively and persuasively; style of speaking or writing; grandiloquent language; Ex. political rhetoric; ADJ. rhetorical; CF. rhetorical question: question to which no answer is expected as ``Who knows it ?''
denizen
(animal, person, or plant) inhabitant or resident of a particular place; regular visitor
remorse
deep regret for wrongdoing; guilt; self-reproach
obviate
make unnecessary; get rid of; Ex. obviate the need
concise
brief and compact
dilate
expand; dilate on/upon: speak or write at length on (a subject)
diaphanous
sheer; transparent
germinate
cause to sprout; sprout
diva
operatic singer; prima donna
n sophomoric
immature; half-baked; like a sophomore
n cleft
N: split
pique
irritation; resentment from wounded pride (eg. loss in a contest); V: provoke; arouse; annoy; cause to feel resentment; Ex. pique her curiosity
delusive
deceptive; likely to delude; misleading; raising vain hopes; Ex. delusive promises
n stoke
stir up a fire or furnace; feed plentifully
solicit
entreat; request earnestly; seek to obtain; Ex. solicit votes; CF. solicitor: one who solicits; chief law officer
n coda
concluding section of a musical or literary composition
s blotch
spot; blot; CF. blot+botch
lascivious
lustful
n cornice
projecting molding on building (usually above columns or pillars); ó¸¶ Àå½Ä
s casual
happening by chance; irregular; occasional; informal; showing or feeling little interest; Ex. casual reader/labor/remark
n gargantuan
huge; enormous; gigantic; CF. the hero of Gargantua and Pantagruel
n juggernaut
irresistible crushing force; overwhelming advancing force that crushes everything in its path
n blare
loud or harsh roar or screech; dazzling blaze of light
n pummel
pommel; beat or pound with fists
consonance
harmony; agreement
propulsive
driving forward; N. propulsion
n bristling
rising like bristles; showing irritation
innocuous
harmless
abyss
enormous chasm; vast bottomless pit
compatible
harmonious; in harmony with; able to exist together
n blas\'e
bored with pleasure or dissipation; uninterested or bored
acumen
mental keenness; sharpness of judgment; ability to judge quickly and well; Ex. business acumen
s brag
boast
replica
copy
n ramp
slope; inclined plane or roadway (connecting two levels)
listless
lacking in spirit or energy; languid
leonine
like a lion
n cameo
shell or jewel carved in relief; star's special appearance in a minor role in a film
grandeur
impressiveness; stateliness; majesty
n interloper
intruder; one who interferes
n dormer
window projecting upright from roof; CF. sleeping room
impenetrable
not able to be pierced or entered; beyond understanding; impossible to understand; Ex. impenetrable mystery
s chapel
small church (in a prison, college, or hospital)
stalemate
deadlock; situation in which further action is blocked
stratum
layer of earth's surface; layer of society; PL. strata
n gruel
thin liquid porridge
s bog
soft wet land; V: hinder or be hindered; Ex. bogged down in the mud
s feline
of a member of the cat family; N.
n extraneous
not essential; irrelevant; superfluous; external; coming from the outside; Ex. extraneous details/noise/to the subject
prey
target of a hunt; victim; V: hunt and eat as prey; victimize; Ex. Cats prey on mice.
n tantalize
tease; excite by exposing something desirable while keeping it out of reach; torture with disappointment; CF. Tantalus: Greek mythological figure
abortive
unsuccessful; fruitless
inhibit
restrain; prohibit; retard or prevent; N. inhibition
docile
obedient; easily managed; submissive
n introspective
looking within oneself; N. introspection: self-examination
n moratorium
legal delay of payment or action; Ex. declare moratorium on the building of new houses
amble
walking at an easy unhurried pace; V: walk slowly and aimlessly
n grisly
ghastly; horrifying; Ex. grisly remains of the bodies
n ewe
female sheep
appall
dismay; shock deeply
indignation
anger at an injustice; Ex. righteous indignation; ADJ. indignant
natation
swimming
abysmal
bottomless
n solder
repair or make whole by using a metal alloy; N: metal alloy (usually tin and lead) used in the molten state to join metallic parts
s drudge
do drudgery; N: person who drudges
influx
flowing into
n beguile
deceive; mislead or delude; cheat; pass time pleasantly; charm or attract; Ex. beguiling smile
n frantic
wild; distraught as from fear or worry; Ex. frantic with fear
kernel
central or vital part; core; whole seed (as of corn)
advocacy
support; active pleading on behalf of someone or something
s intrigue
make secret plans; plot; arouse the curiosity of; N: secret scheme; plot; secret love affair
agrarian
pertaining to land or its cultivation; Ex. agrarian reform
n erratic
odd; irregular in movement or behavior; unpredictable
n pernicious
very harmful; deadly; very destructive; Ex. pernicious effect/anemia
n cuisine
style of cooking; Ex. French cuisine
outrage
act of extreme violence or viciousness; resentful anger; V: commit an outrage on; produce anger in; ADJ. outrageous: offensive
n gamely
in a spirited manner; with courage; Ex. fight gamely against a superior boxer; ADJ. game
expedite
hasten; make go faster
allude
refer indirectly; N. allusion: indirect reference
s prefigure
be a sign of; foreshadow
sophisticated
worldly wise and urbane; refined; complex; N. sophistication; V. sophisticate
n killjoy
grouch; spoilsport; one who intentionally spoils the pleasure of others
replenish
fill up again
n husbandry
frugality; thrift; economy; agriculture; farming; Ex. animal husbandry; CF. husbandman
n extradition
surrender of prisoner by one state to another; Ex. extradition treaty; V. extradite
n odyssey
long, eventful, adventurous journey
n hone
sharpen (a tool); N: whetstone for sharpening a tool
eulogistic
praising; full of eulogy
n ethereal
like a spirit or fairy; unearthly light; heavenly; unusually refined; Ex. She has an ethereal beauty; CF. ether: upper air
impede
hide; retard or obstruct the progress of; block
infer
deduce; conclude; N. inference
s alms
money or goods given to the poor
n nepotism
favoritism (to a relative); CF. nephew
s sheer
pure; thin and transparent; very steep
n grouse
complain; fuss; grumble; grouch; N: plump chickenlike game bird
n peccadillo
slight offense or fault; CF. sin
n indenture
bind as servant or apprentice to master; bind by indenture; N: contract binding one party into the service of another for a specified time (as between an apprentice and his master)
n palatial
of or suitable for a palace; magnificent
slander
defamation; utterance of false and malicious statements; V. ADJ. slanderous
lofty
very high
culpable
deserving blame; blameworthy
s suffocate
die or kill from lack of air; suppress
n laconic
brief and to the point; using few words; terse
procrastinate
postpone; delay or put off
n tribunal
court of justice
n nascent
incipient; coming into being or existence; Ex. nascent ability in music
n oust
expel; drive out; force out; N. ouster: ousting
n unction
the act of anointing with oil; Ex. extreme unction
n bastion
stronghold; something seen as a source of protection; Ex. the last bastion of male chauvinism
congenial
pleasant; friendly; in agreement with one's tastes and nature; Ex. congenial weather
n clangor
loud resounding noise; sound of repeated clanging
malefactor
evildoer; criminal
n polemical(polemic)
aggressive in verbal attack; disputatious (rather than simply expressing opinions)
proponent
supporter; backer; opposite of opponent
n imbroglio
complicated situation (as in a play); painful or complex misunderstanding (as in a play); entanglement; confused mass (as of papers); V. embroil
potion
dose (of liquids); liquid dose
n paleontology
study of prehistoric life or fossils; CF. paleo-: ancient or prehistoric; Ex. paleography: study of ancient written documents
n intrude
put or force in without being asked; trespass; enter as an uninvited person; Ex. intrude one's own opinion into the report; CF. thrust in
omnivorous
eating both plant and animal food; devouring everything
s commonplace
ordinary; N: something ordinary or common; trite remark
n flout
reject; mock; show contempt for; scorn; Ex. flout the rules
n lurk
stealthily lie in waiting; slink; exist unperceived
abnegation
renunciation; self-sacrifice; self-abnegation
n pulsate
throb; beat regularly; vibrate regularly
paranoia
psychosis marked by delusions of grandeur or persecution; N: ADJ: paranoid, paranoiac
inalienable
not to be taken away; nontransferable; Ex. inalienable rights
opaque
dark; not transparent; N. opacity
n astral
relating to the stars
s postmortem
autopsy; ADJ: occurring after death; of a postmortem
unfeigned
genuine; real
n bedizen
dress with vulgar finery
repress
hold back (the natural expression of); restrain; crush; oppress; Ex. repressed child; Ex. repress a laugh/rebellion
n maelstrom
violent whirlpool; violent or tublent situation; CF. stream
indelible
not able to be erased
generate
cause; produce; create
renovate
restore to good condition; renew
s mortar
vessel in which substances are crushed with a pestle
n troth
pledge of good faith especially in betrothal; betrothal; Ex. by my troth
n gazette
official periodical publication; newspaper
ample
enough; abundant; spacious; large in size; Ex. ample opportunity/garden; N. amplitude: quality of being ample; abundance; largeness of space
contentious
quarrelsome; controversial; likely to cause arguments
provisional
tentative; temporary
optician
maker and seller of eyeglasses
n blatant
extremely (offensively) obvious; loudly offensive; Ex. blatant lie; N. blatancy
n tendentious
promoting a particular point of view; biased; having an aim; designed to further a cause; Ex. tendentious rather than truth-seeking; CF. tend: move in a certain direction
n existential
pertaining to existence; pertaining to the philosophy of existentialism
s conglomerate
corporation made up of several different companies in diversified fields; mass of various material gathered together; rock consisting of small stones held together by clay; V.
besiege
surround with armed forces; harass (with requests); annoy continually
n disburse
pay out (as from a fund); N. disbursement; CF. purse
n sunder
separate; part; CF. asunder
n flair
talent
isotope
varying from of an element
s elaborate
work out carefully; add more detail or information; ADJ.
n mutilate
maim; injure lastingly; deprive of a limb or an essential part
s expeditious
done with speed; quick; N. expedition
thrive
prosper; flourish
resentment
indignation; bitterness; displeasure; V. resent: feel anger about
compile
assemble; gather; accumulate; make (a report or a book) from facts and information found in various places; Ex. compile a dictionary
insuperable
insurmountable; unbeatable; Ex. insuperable difficulties
clairvoyant
having foresight; fortuneteller; N. clairvoyance
n pr\'ecis
abstract; concise summing up of main points; concise summary of a text
august
impressive; majestic
repertoire
list of works of music, drama, etc., a performer is prepared to present; CF. repertory
n misadventure
mischance; ill luck; Ex. death by misadventure
s ecliptic
path of the sun and the planets
s residual
remaining; left over; of a residue; N: residue
s bruise
injure without breaking the skin; N.
loiter
hang about/around; stand idly about; linger
n turgid
swollen; distended (as from liquid)
calamity
disaster; misery
generality
vague statement; general statement which is not detailed; quality of being general; greater part; most; Ex. generality of people
s acne
skin disease (on the face)
concede
admit; acknowledge as being true (often reluctantly); yield; grant; Ex. concede a goal
n jocular
said or done in jest or playfully; marked by joking
n mischance
ill luck
s miniature
small model; small painting; ADJ: small
conspiracy
treacherous plot; secret plan against the law (by two or more people)
n discursive
(of a person or writing) digressing; rambling (without any clear plan)