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Body Systems 2


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Circulatory system
(Heart, Blood and blood vessels, Lymph, Lymph vessels and glands) Transports and distributes gases, nutrients, antibodies, waste materials, and hormones; protects the body from disease; prevents hemorrhage by clotting mechanisms
Skeletal system
(Bones, Cartilage, Ligaments, Joints) Supports the body through a bony framework; protects the body's vital organs; gives leverage through muscle attachment; houses the mechanism of blood cell formation; stores fats and minerals
Integumentary system
(Skin, Hair, Nails, Oil glands, Sweat glands)Protects the organism; absorbs substances such as fats, fat-soluble vitamins, oxygen, carbon dioxide, steroids, resins of certain plants, organic solvents, and salts of heavy metals; receives stimuli; regulates body temperature; eliminates wastes; converts ultraviolet rays to vitamin D
Respiratory system
(Nose and nasal cavity, Pharynx, Larynx, Trachea, Bronchi and bronchioles, Alveoli, Lungs, Diaphragm) Exchanges gases; detects smell; produces speech; regulates body pH
Reproductive system
(Gonads (ovaries in females and testes in males), Ducts (fallopian tubes in females and spermatic duct in males), Gamets (ova in females and spermatozoa in males), Uterus and vagina in females, Penis, prostate, and urethra in males) Produces offspring and propagates the species
Muscular system
(Skeletal muscles and related fascia, Tendons) Creates movement; produces heat; maintains posture
Endocrine system
(Pituitary, Pineal, Thyroid, Parathyroids, Thymus, Adrenals, Pancreas, Gonads, Hormones) Produces and secretes hormones; regulates body activities; maintains the body during times of stress; contributes to the reproductive process
Nervous system
(Brain, Spinal cord, Meninges, Cerebrospinal fluid, Cranial nerves, Spinal nerves) Receives sensory input; interprets and integrates all stimuli; initiates motor output; houses mental processes and emotional responses
Urinary system
(Special sense organs, Kidneys, Ureters and urethra, Urinary bladder and urine) Eliminates metabolic wastes; regulates blood pH and its chemical composition; regulate blood volume and fluid balance; monitors and helps maintain blood pressure; maintains homeostasis
Digestive system
(Teeth, Tongue, Alimentary canal (tube from mouth to anus), Accessory glands (liver, gallbladder, pancreas, salivary) Ingestion; digestion; absorption; defecation
Anatomical Position
Standard Body Position; body is erect and facing forward, the arms are at the side(Western) arms are raised (Eastern), the palms are facing forward with the thumbs to the side, and feet are about hip distance apart with toes pointing forward.

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