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Chapter 1 (GEOG)


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transnational firms
do global business through international subsidiaries and disrupts local ecosystems
economic convergence
the worlds poorest countries will gradually catch up to more advanced countries
crude factories where workers work for extremely low wages
bubble economy
when vast amounts of money flow into a developing country
areal differentiation
the differences that distinguish one part of the world from another
areal integration
the study of how places interact w/ eachother
cultural landscape
the visible material expression of human settlemen, past and present
rate of natural increase
the annual growth for a country
demographic transition
a 4 stage conceptualization that tracks changesin birthrates and deathrates as a country urbanizes
urbanized population
% of a country's population living in cities
urban primacy
the city that is larger and dominates econonic, political and culture activities
urban structure
the distribution and patterns of land use in a city
urban form
physical arrangements of building, streets, parks etc...
the urban population grows more quickly then its services
Squatter settlements
illegal developements of housing on land that is not owned or rented
learned, not innate, and is shared behavior (way of life)
Cultural imperialism
the active promotion on cultural sytems at the expense of another
Cultural nationalism
the process of protecting and defending a cultural system
cultural syncretism or hybridization
blending of forces to create a new form of culture
Universalizing religions
religions that appeal to all people regardless of location or culture
asymmetrical warfare
the differnce between a super-power's military compared to lower levels
centrifrugal forces
cultural and political forces acting to weaken or divide and existing state
a homogeneous cultural group with its own fully independent political territory
centripetal forces
promote politcal unity and reinforce state structure
Ethnographic boundaries
follow cutural traits such as language, religion
Geometric boundaries
perfectly staight lines without regard to physical or cultural
formal establishment of rule over a foreign population
process of colonies establishing a undependent government
supranational government
an organization of states linked by a goal
core-periphery model
US, Eurpope and Japan are the global economic core
gross national income(GNI)
gross domestic product (GDP)
+ net income from abroad
GNI per capita
Divide the GNI by a country's population
Sustaniable population
an agenda of economic change and growth that seeks a balance with issues of enviromental protaction social equity

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