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Vocab. Lessons 1-15

vocabulary lessons 1-15

Terms

undefined, object
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Broach
bring up a topic for discussion
Venerate
regard with feelings of respect and reverence
Omniscient
knowing everything
Colloquy
formal conversation
Abject
most unfortunate or miserable
Implicit
Implied or understood though not directly expressed
Punctilious
Strictly attentive to minute details of form in action or conduct.
Phlegmatic
calm, sluggish temperament; unemotional
Guffaw
a burst of deep loud hearty laughter
Expatriate
expel from a country
Magnanimous
generous and understanding and tolerant
Diurnal
daily; occurring during the daytime
Ostensible
represented or appearing as such
Eulogy
A laudatory speech or written tribute, especially one praising someone who has died.
Distraught
deeply agitated especially from emotion
Ennui
the feeling of being bored by something tedious
Feign
make believe with the intent to deceive
Bellicose
warlike in manner or temperment, pugnacious
Facile
performing adroitly and without effort
Inscrutable
Impenetrably mysterious or profound.
Deduce
reason by deduction
Illicit
contrary to or forbidden by law
Capitulate
surrender under agreed conditions
Corroborate
establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts
Scurrilous
Given to the use of vulgar, coarse, or abusive language; foul-mouthed. Expressed in vulgar, coarse, and abusive language. Expressing offensive reproach
Assimilate
become similar to one's environment
Candor
sincerity; openness
Effusion
pouring forth; unrestrained outpouring of feeling; V. effuse: pour out; ADJ. effusive: pouring forth; gushing
Primordial
having existed from the beginning
Copious
affording an abundant supply
Introvert
(psychology) a person who tends to shrink from social contacts and to become preoccupied with their own thoughts
Affront
An open insult or indignity.
Finesse
delicate skill; tact and cleverness; to accomplish something by cleverness, good judgment, or skillful evasion S: Subtlety
Euphemism
an inoffensive expression that is substituted for one that is considered offensive
Engender
To bring into existence; give rise to.
Purloin
To steal.
Infringe
(v.) to violate, trespass, go beyond recognized bounds
Captivate
To fascinate, as by excellence. eloquence, or beauty.
Prosaic
lacking wit or imagination
Poignant
Severely painful or acute to the spirit.
Adroit
quick or skillful or adept in action or thought
Refute
prove to be false or incorrect
Nemesis
something causes misery or death
Augury
the art or practice of divination from signs or omens
Ascribe
attribute or credit to
Parsimonious
Excessively sparing or frugal; stingy
Cognizant
aware, conscious
Nettle
(n.) a prickly or stinging plant; (v.) to arouse displeasure, impatience, or anger; to vex or irritate severely
Blazon
decorate with heraldic arms
Obsequious
attempting to win favor from influential people by flattery
Charlatan
fraud, quack, con man
Extant
still in existence
Mesmerism
to be sucked into something, awed
Guile
deceit; duplicity; wiliness; cunning
Decorum
propriety in manners and conduct
Doggerel
crudly made verse, often intended to be funny
Ascetic
practices self denial as spiritual discipline
Antipodes
any two places or regions on diametrically opposite sides of the Earth
Discrepancy
lack of consistency or agreement as between facts; difference; Ex. discrepancy between two descriptions
Sundry
various, miscellaneous, separate
Glib
marked by lack of intellectual depth
Homogeneous
Of the same or similar nature or kind
Bravado
swagger; assumed air of defiance; false show of bravery
Etymology
a history of a word
Lugubrious
mournful, dismal, or gloomy, especially to an exaggerated or ludicrous degree
Proponent
supporter; backer; opposite of opponent
Incognito
without revealing one's identity
Elegy
a mournful poem
Abeyance
temporary cessation or suspension
Retroactive
adj. Operative on, affecting, or having reference to past events, transactions, responsibilities.
Dearth
Scarcity, as of something customary, essential ,or desirable.
Choleric
quickly aroused to anger
Patrimony
An inheritance from an ancestor, especially from one's father.
Admonish
to reprove gently; to counsel against something; caution
Propitious
presenting favorable circumstances
Germane
appropriate or fitting; relevant
Euphony
Agreeable sound, especially in the phonetic quality of words.
Revile
attack with abusive language, vilify
Salient
prominent, protruding, conspicuous, highly relevant
Ludicrous
broadly or extravagantly humorous
Sonorous
producing a deep or full sound
Incarcerate
lock up or confine, in or as in a jail
Foible
A personal weakness or failing.
Connoisseur
an expert able to appreciate a field
Paragon
model of excellence or perfection of a kind
Herculean
displaying superhuman strength or power
Precocious
characterized by or characteristic of exceptionally early development or maturity (especially in mental aptitude)
Amorphous
having no definite form or distinct shape
Sanguine
inclined to a healthy reddish color often associated with outdoor life
Extraneous
not essential
Gratuitous
given freely; unearned; unwarranted
Hackneyed
worn-out through overuse; trite
Scrupulous
conscientious; extremely thorough;
Nebulous
vague, hazy, cloudy
Pervade
To pass or spread through every part.
Abnegation
self-denial
Farcical
absurd; ridiculously clumsy
Munificent
very generous
Dogma
a doctrine or code of beliefs accepted as authoritative
Chicanery
the use of tricks to deceive someone (usually to extract money from them)
Dirge
sad, mourning song
Aberration
a state or condition markedly different from the norm
Idiosyncrasy
a behavioral attribute that is distinctive and peculiar to an individual
Vociferous
clamorous; noisy; V. vociferate: cry out loudly (when complaining)
Banal
drearily commonplace and often predictable; trite
Configuration
an arrangement of parts or elements
Mundane
belonging to this earth or world
Immutable
not subject or susceptible to change or variation in form or quality or nature
Artifice
trickery, deception
Exhort
to urge by strong, often stirring argument, admonition, advice or appeal
Homily
serious warning, sermon
Hyperbole
extravagant exaggeration
Indigent
needy; impoverished
Retrospect
contemplation of things past
Humdrum
lacking variety; boring; dull
Predispose
give an inclination toward (in advance); make susceptible to; Ex. predispose people to certain cancer; N. predisposition
Pseudonym
A fictitious name, especially when assumed by a writer.
Fortuitous
occurring by happy chance
Protege
(noun) One whose welfare, training, or career is promoted by an influential person.
Absolve
To free from sin or its penalties.
Proffer
a proposal offered for acceptance or rejection
Lampoon
a broad piece of satire, usually ridiculing a person, group, or institution
Inundate
fill or cover completely, usually with water
Adjudge
To award or bestow by formal decision.
Indulgent
tolerant or lenient
Civility
an act or expression of courtesy or politeness
Nefarious
Infamous by way of being extremely wicked
Gregarious
seeking and enjoying the company of others
Nondescript
lacking distinct or individual characteristics
Extol
praise; glorify
Commensurate
corresponding in size or degree or extent
Progeny
a descendant or offspring, as a child, plant, or animal.
Querulous
habitually complaining
Seraphic
angelic; of the highest order of angels.
Antipathy
(n.) a strong dislike, repugnance (I know you love me, but because you are a liar and a thief, I feel nothing but antipathy for you.)
Allay
lessen the intensity of or calm
Truism
an obvious truth
Inveigle
To win over by coaxing, flattery, or artful talk.
Erudite
having or showing profound knowledge
Propriety
correct or appropriate behavior
Despot
a cruel and oppressive dictator
Inconsequential
lacking worth or importance
Perfidious
treacherous; disloyal; N. perfidy: treachery
Nonentity
person of no importance; nonexistence
Sumptuous
rich and superior in quality
Discursive
Covering a wide field of subjects; rambling
Specious
plausible but false
Tenure
the right to hold property
Subjugate
to bring under control, conquer, enslave
Exhilaration
the feeling of lively and cheerful joy

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