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Dorman FAT - Famous People (Pages 22-25)


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French composer. He is best known for his symphonic poem The Sorcerer's Apprentice (1897).
Dukas, Paul.
US secretary of state (1953-59) under President Eisenhower.
Dulles, John Foster.
German painter and engraver. Most famous for his engravings and woodcuts.
Durer, Albrecht.
1907-71, dictator of Haiti (1957-71). A physician, he was elected president in 1957: reelected in (1961), and in 1964 "Papa Doc" declared himself president for life. Upon his death, his son Jean-Claude, 1951-, became president for life. "B
Duvalier, Francois.
1841-1904, Czech composer best known for his Symphony in E Minor, From the New World (1893).
Dvorak, Antonin.
1897-1937. American aviator. She was the first woman to fly across the Atlantic, and the first person to fly alone from Hawaii to California. In 1937 she and Frederick Noonan set out to fly around the world, but they disappeared without a trace.
Earhart, Amelia.
1848-1929, American lawman. After serving as a policeman in Kansas, he was involved in the 1881 gunfight at the O.K. Corral in Tombstone, Arizona.
Earp, Wyatt.
1854-1932, American inventor. He invented the Kodak camera (1888) and founded the Eastman Kodak Company in 1892.
Eastman, George.
1821-1910, founder of the Christian Science movement (1866).
Eddy, Mary Baker.
1895-1977, British statesman. He succeeded Churchill as prime minister in 1955, resigning in poor health two years later.
Eden, Sir Anthony.
1847-1931, American inventor. Despite very little formal schooling and progressive deafness, Edison is often regarded as the greatest inventor of all time. His inventions include the microphone, record player, and kinetoscope. Perhaps his most significan
Edison, Thomas.
1703-58, American theologian. His revivals of 1734-5 helped bring the Great Awakening to New England. Perhaps best known for his sermon Sinners in the Hand of an Angry God.
Edwards, Jonathan.
?-1066, king of the English (1042-1066). Son of Ethelred the Unready, he was succeeded by Harold, the son of powerful noble Earl Godwin.
Edward the Confessor.
1854-1915, German bacteriologist. A pioneer in chemotherapy, he shared the 1908 Nobel prize in physiology or medicine for his work in the treatment of syphilis.
Ehrlich, Paul.
1906-62, German Nazi official. As head of the Gestapo's Jewish section he oversaw the murder of millions of Jews. After WWII, he escaped to Argentina, but was tried and hanged in Israel in 1962.
Eichmann, Adolf.
1879-1955, German-born Swiss-American physicist. One of the greatest scientists of all time, he is known for many discoveries including the Theory of Relativity, an explanation of Brownian motion, and the photoelectric effect (1921 Nobel Prize in physics
Einstein, Albert.
A West Point graduate, he rose to prominence during WWII. In 1942, he was named US commander of the European theater, and in 1943 he became supreme commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force. He directed the Allied invasion of Europe in June 1944, and l
Eisenhower, Dwight David.
1819-80, pseudonym of English novelist Mary Ann Evans. Her novels include Adam Bede (1859), Silas Marner (1861), and Middlemarch (1871).
Eliot, George.
1888-1965, English poet. His early poems include Prufrock and Other Observations (1917) and The Wasteland (1922). His later poems include Ash Wednesday (19O0) and Four Quartets (19O5). Plays include Murder in the Cathedral (19O5) and The Cocktail Parry (
Eliot, Thomas Sternes (T.S.).
1709-62, czarina of Russia (1741-62). The daughter of Peter I and Catherine I, she obtained the throne by overthrowing Ivan VI.
Elizabeth (Czarina of Russia)
1899-1974, African-American jazz pianist. Best known for his many jazz style innovations and his compositions including Mood Indigo and Solitude.
Ellington, Duke.
1914-95, African-American author of the classic novel, Invisible Man (1952), which detailed the struggles of a nameless young African American man.
Ellison, Ralph.
1745-1807, 3rd chief justice of the Supreme Court (1796-99).
Ellsworth, Oliver.
180O-82, American author. He served as Unitarian minister (1829-02) at Boston's Old North Church, but left because of doctrinal disputes. Returning home after a trip to Europe, he settled in Concord, Mass., and along with Thoreau, Margaret Fuller, and ot
Emerson, Ralph Waldo.
1820-95, German social philosopher. With Karl Marx, he was a founder of modern Socialism and Communism. In 1864, he helped Marx found the International Workingmen's Association, and from 1867-94 wrote Das Kapital with Marx.
Engels, Fredrich.
1466-1506, Dutch humanist. One of the greatest Renaissance figures, and author of In Praise of Folly (1509).
Erasmus, Desiderius.
10th century Norse chieftain. In c.982 he discovered and began the colonization of Greenland.
Eric the Red.
?300 B.C., Greek mathematician famous for his invention of elementary plane geometry. His presentation of mathematics is contained in his work entitled Elements.
480-406 B.C., Greek tragic poet. His surviving works include Alcestis, Medea, Andromache, The Trojan Women, Orestes, Iphigenia in Aulis, and The Bacchae.
1851-1941, English archaeologist famous for his discovery of the ancient Minoan city of Knossos on the northern coast of Crete.
Evans, Sir Arthur.
1846-1920, Russian goldsmith well known for his richly jeweled Easter eggs he created for the Russian royal family.
Faberge, Peter.
1876-1946, Spanish composer. He is best known for his ballet The Three-Cornered Hat (1917) which is based on a Pedro Alarcon novel.
Falla, Manuel de.
1791-1867, English scientist and developer of the first dynamo, the precursor of the modern electrical generator. Also discovered electromagnetic induction (18O1) and the compound Benzene.
Faraday, Michael.
1678-1707, English dramatist whose masterpiece is The Beaux' Stratagem (1707).
Farquhar, George.
1801-70, American admiral. Famous for uttering his cry "Damn the torpedoes" while defeating a Confederate fleet in Mobile, AL. He was the first officer in the US Navy to receive the rank of Admiral.
Farragut, David.
1904-79, American novelist most famous for his Studs Lonigan trilogy (1902-05).
Farrell, James T.
1897-1962, American novelist. Many of his novels were set in the fictional Yoknapatawpha county which he used as a microcosm of southern life. Novels include The Sound and the Fury (1929), The Hamlet (1940), A Fable (1954, Pulitzer), and The Reivers (196
Faulkner, William.
1601-65, French mathematician. A founder of modern number and probability theory, he proposed Last Theorem. This theorem was apparently proven in 1994 by British mathematician Andrew Wiles.
Fermat, Pierre de.
1905-, US politician. She served three terms as a Democrat member of the US House of Representatives (1979-84) before running as Walter Mondale's vice presidential candidate in 1984. With this unsuccessful run at the vice presidency, she became the first
Ferraro, Geraldine.
1170-1240, Italian mathematician. His namesake sequence is a sequence of numbers in which each term is the sum of the two preceding terms. 0,1,1,2,3,5,8,10,21...
Fibonacci, Leonardo.
1850-95, American writer most famous for his children's poems including Little Boy Blue and Wynken, Blynken, and Nod.
Field, Eugene.
1707-54, English writer. Noted for the comedy Tom Thumb (17O0), the novel Tom Jones (1749), and the novel Joseph Andrews (1742), a parody of Samuel Richardson's Pamela.
Fielding, Henry.
1800-74, A US representative from New York (1800-O5, O74O), he was elected vice president under Zachary Taylor in 1848 on the Whig ticket. He succeeded to the presidency after Taylor's death in 1850. In 1856 he was the unsuccessful candidate of the Know-
Fillmore, Millard.
1940-, American chess player. In 1972 at Reykjavik, Iceland, he defeated Borris Spassky and won the world chess championship. He became the youngest player in history (age 15) to achieve the rank of Grand Master.
Fischer, Bobby.
1808-90, American statesman. A Whig congressman and senator from NY, he served as President Grant's secretary of state (1869-77).
Fish, Hamilton.
1896-1940, American author. One of the greatest American writers of the 20th century. he was a literary spokesman of the jazz age. His novels include This Side of Paradise (1920), The Beautiful and the Damned (1922), The Great Gatsby (1922), Tender is th
Fitzgerald, F. Scott.
1821-80, French novelist. His masterpiece is Madame Bovary (1857). Other works include Salammbo (1862) and Sentimental Education (1869).
Flaubert, Gustave.
1881-1955, Scottish bacteriologist. He serendipitously discovered the antibiotic Penicillin in 1928. He also discovered lysozyme (1922) and shared the 1945 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine.
Fleming, Sir Alexander.
1929-, US Politician. Speaker of the House of Representatives (1989-95) representing Washington State. In 1994 he became the first sitting Speaker to fail to win reelection since 1860.
Foley, Thomas.
187O-19O9, English author. His most important novels include The Good Soldier (1915) and his Parade's End tetralogy (1950).
Ford, Ford Maddox.
Born in Omaha, NE as Leslie Lynch King Jr. He served as a Republican congressman from Michigan (1949-7O) and was appointed vice president of the US in 197O when he succeeded Spiro T. Agnew. He succeeded to the presidency on August 9, 1974 when President
Ford, Gerald Rudolph.
186O-1947, American automobile pioneer. In 1903 he organized the Ford Motor Company. In 1908 he introduced the Model T sold over 15 million of them. Introduced the assembly line to automobile production'.
Ford, Henry.
1895-197O, American film director. He won Academy Awards for The Informer (19O5), The Grapes of Wrath (1940), How Green Was My Valley (1941), and The Quiet Man (1952).
Ford, John.
1899-1966, English novelist famous for his stories about fictional Captain Horatio Hornblower. Also wrote the novel The African Queen (19O5).
Forester, C.S.
1892-1949, secretary of the navy (1944-7) and secretary of defense (1947-9). He became the first secretary of defense in 1947. He resigned in 1949 and committed suicide later that year.
Forrestal, James.
1879-1970, English novelist. His novels include Where Angels Fear to Tread (1905), The Longest Journey (1907), A Room with a View (1908), Howard's End (1910), Maurice (191O), and his best-known and final novel, A Passage to India (1924).
Forester, E.M.
1826-64, American songwriter. Famous for his songs including "Camptown Races," "My Old Kentucky Home," and "Oh! Susannah."
Foster, Stephen.
1819-68, French physicist famous for his invention of the Gyroscope (1852) and the namesake pendulum that demonstrated the rotation of the earth.
Foucault, Jean.
1624-91, English religious leader who founded the Society of Friends (Quakers).
Fox, George.
1844-1924, (pseudonym of Jacques Anatole Francois Thibault) French author. Elected to the French Academy (1896) and won the Nobel Prize for Literature (1921).
France, Anatole.
1708-65, Holy Roman emperor (1745-65). In 17O6, he married Maria Theresa, heiress to the Hapsburg lands. He became emperor after the War of Austrian Succession, but had little real power.
Francis I.
1768-18O5, Holy Roman emperor (1792-1806). The last Holy Roman emperor. After Napoleon dissolved the Holy Roman Empire, Francis 11 took the title of Francis 1, the first emperor of Austria (1804-O5).
Francis II.
186O-1914, archduke of Austria and nephew and heir apparent of Francis Joseph. He and his wife were assassinated by Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip in Sarajevo, Bosnia, on June 28, 1914. The ensuing Austrian ultimatum to Serbia precipitated WWI.
Francis Ferdinand.
1892-1975, Spanish general and dictator (19O9-75). He assumed leadership of Spain in 19O9 with the help of Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. Despite his association with Germany and Italy, Spain remained neutral during WWII.
Franco, Francisco.
1706-90, US inventor, statesman, and diplomat. As a young man he worked in Philadelphia as a printer and published the Poor Richard's Almanac (17O2-57). He is credited with a number of inventions including the lightning rod and the ___ stove. He served a
Franklin, Benjamin.
1712-86, king of Prussia (1740-86). The son and successor of Frederick William I. His exploits in the War of Austrian Succession and the Seven Years War made Prussia the foremost military power in Europe. He was succeeded by his nephew Frederick William
Frederick II.
1688-1740 ruled from 171O-40 and was succeeded by his son Frederick II (or Frederick the great).
Frederick William I.
1744-97, who ruled from 1786-97, was the nephew and successor of Frederick II.
Frederick William II.
Son of Frederick William II. 1770-1840, ruled from 1797-1840 and is best known for accepting the Treaty of Tilsit (1807), effectively making Prussia a French vassal.
Frederick William III.
1795-1861, was the son and successor for Frederick William III and ruled from 1840-61. In 1857 his mental instability necessitated the regency of his brother and successor, William I.
Frederick William IV.
181O-90, American explorer and politician. Called the "Pathfinder," his exploration of the West in the early 1840s sparked great interest in the area. He was a leader in the 1846 revolt of California against Mexico, and later served California
Fremont, John Charles.
1856-19O9, Austrian psychiatrist. He developed many new techniques including psychoanalysis, free association, and dream interpretation (summarized in the 1900 work Interpretation of Dreams). He stressed the importance of sexuality in both normal and abn
Freud, Sigmund.
1921-, American feminist leader. Through her best selling book, The Feminine Mystique (196O), she prompted women to examine their roles in society. She was the founder and first president (1966-70) of NOW (National Organization for Women).
Friedan, Betty.
1874-196O, US poet. He received the Pulitzer Prize in poetry four times (1924, 19O1, 19O7, and 194O). He is also known for reciting his poem "The Gift Outright" at the inauguration of President Kennedy. Among his more famous poems are "Bir
Frost, Robert.
1895-198O, American architect best known for his development of the geodesic dome.
Fuller R(ichard) Buckminster.
1765-1815, US inventor. His greatest achievement was the steamboat Clermont, launched in 1807. The voyage of the Clermont from NY City to Albany pioneered the used of the steamboat as a passenger vehicle.
Fulton, Robert.
19O4-68, Russian cosmonaut. He became the first man to orbit the earth when his Vostok ("East") spacecraft orbited the earth on April 12, 1961.
Gagarin, Yuri.
1721-87, English general. His soldiers fought the American patriots at Lexington (1775) in the battle that began the American Revolution.
Gage, Thomas.
1727-88, English painter best known for The Blue Boy.
Gainsborough, Thomas.
1908-, US economist. His works include The Affluent Society (1958) and The New Industrial State (1967).
Galbraith, John Kenneth.
1O0-200, Greek physician. He made numerous anatomical and physiological discoveries including kidney secretion, respiration, and nervous system function. His work and writings helped lay the foundation for the study of medicine. William Harvey's 17th cen

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