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Military Working Dog (MWD) Program


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CNO (OP-09N).
What detection rate is required for all DRUG DETECTOR TEAMS?
90 percent of each of the required substances.
What detection rate is required for all EXPLOSIVE DETECTOR TEAMS?
95 percent of the required substances.
Who exercises DIRECT SUPERVISION over the unit MWD program and is directly responsible to the security officer for managing and operating the MWD section?
The kennel master.
At a command having one to four dog teams, who may act as the kennel master if he or she is qualified (per OPNAVINST 5585.2 series)?
Chief Master at Arms/Security Chief.
What is the pay grade requirement for a prospective MWD handler candidate?
Must be a military person in pay grades E-4 to E-6, preferably in the MA rating or full-time permanent civilian security employee in grades GS-4 to GS-7.
When may MWD handlers receive their initial training through OJT?
ONLY when a waiver is approved by the MWD Executive Agent, Kirtland AFB, NM.
Who determines the duty cycles, duty hours, and methods of using MWD teams?
The kennel master in coordination with the security officer.
What is the DUTY CYCLE of the MWD team in order to allow kennel masters and handlers to rate MWD performance?
Must include one day of certification trials for every four days use.
When may MWD teams be worked seven days a week and extend the workday beyond an eight hour period?
When appropriate break period (, water, rest, etc.) are provided.
What is the MINIMUM use for DDDs per week for drug interdiction sweeps?
20 hours.
Where are all LEPS and deterrence patrols recorded?
In block 15 of the MWD Quarterly Report (OPNAV 5585/7).
Why should detector dogs NOT be exercised to the extent that they begin to pant when first taken out of the kennel?
Because panting will adversely affect their detection capabilities.
What is the proper uniform for all kennel masters, MWD handlers, and kennel support personnel?
The camoflage uniform.
What type of positive control is maintained on all MWDs?
They are worked on leash except when released to search or attack.
Where is all MWD off-leash training conducted?
In an enclosed training area.
How often must the kennel facility and each MWD be checked by security patrols?
At least hourly.
What action must be taken for MWD handlers on temporary duty who wish to kennel an MWD overnight?
Must make arrangements with the host kennel master beforehand.
Stray animal facilities must NOT be located within what distance of MWD kennels?
100 yards.
What type of vehicles will NOT NORMALLY be used to transport dogs?
Vans and pickup trucks.
What type of vehicles must NEVER be used to transport MWDs?
Private vechicles or on front passenger seats.
What is the required marking for an MWD vehicle?
A 30 by 30 inch magnetic sign on both sides which reads "CAUTION MILITARY WORKING DOGS".
OPNAV Form 5585/3.
What is the form number for the MWD UTILIZATION RECORD SUPPLEMENTAL?
OPNAV Form 5585/2.
OPNAV Form 5585/6.
What form is used as the MWD SERVICE RECORD?
DD Form 1834.
Who makes all entries on the front side of the MWD Service Record?
The DOD Dog Center (and they will not be altered).
Who maintains the REVERSE SIDE of the MWD Service Record?
The kennel master or senior handler.
What form is used to record daily and monthly performance in both training and actual use for each of the MWD's required patrol tasks and is maintained by the respective MWD handler?
OPNAV Form 5585/1, MWD Training and Utilization Record.
What form provides a method of documenting detector dog performance during training and actual search situations?
OPNAV 5585/3, Detector Dog Training and Utilization Record.
What form provides a method to record each positive response and document the results of field and lab tests for all substances confiscated as a result of the MWD's response?
OPNAV 5585/2, Military Working Dog Utilization Record (Supplemental).
Who is authorized to make entries on an MWD's medical record?
ONLY veterinary personnel.
When may incapacitated MWD's be euthanized?
On the authority of the accountable installation commander under the circumstances listed in OPNAVINST 5585.2 series.
Where should persons offering dogs for sale or donation to the government be directed?
To contact the DOD Dog Center, Lackland Air Force Base, TX 78236.
What are the requirements for a dog to become a MWD?
Must be predominately german shepherd (though not necessarily purebred) between one and three years of age, at least 60 pounds in weight, and 23 inches in height at the shoulder.
What is the requirement for all MWD user commands to request drug training aids if they are located within the continental United States, Hawaii, Guam and Puerto Rico?
They must be registered with the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) prior to requesting the aids.
What are the ONLY four required drug odors that may be used for drug training aids for MWDs?
Schedule I drugs, heroin (Code 9200), marijuana (Code 7360), hashish (Tetrahydrocannabinol {Code 7370}), and schedule II drugs, cocaine (Code 9041).
What type of container is the minimum requirement for storing drug training aids?
GSA approved security container, ie., Mosler safe, such as NSN 7110-00-920.9320 (four drawer) or NSN 7110-00-920.9310 (two drawer). Safes must be of a two or four drawer variety with certain storage procedures required to minimize odor contamination.
What is the STORAGE PROCEDURE when storing drug training aids in two-drawer safes?
The marijuana and hashish should be stored in the top with the heroin and cocaine in the bottom drawer.
What is the STORAGE PROCEDURE when storing drug training aids in four-drawer safes?
Should be stored from top to bottom as follows: marijuana, hashish, cocaine, and heroin.
Who must maintain a daily issue/return log to record daily transactions involving the drug training aids?
The primary drug custodian.
How are persons authorized to use the drug training aids?
They must be designated IN WRITING by the commanding officer or his or her designee.
What cleaning action is required when the daily use of all training aids is over.
All EXCEPT MARIJUANA must be wiped lightly with alcohol and placed back into their ammo cans.
When must all drug training aids be inventoried?
Semi annually or upon the change of primary or alternate custodians.
Who should conduct the inventory of all drug training aids?
A disinterested party (XO or JAG are suggested by OPNAVINST 5585.2 series) who must be senior in grade to the primary custodian.
What type of report is made by the person conducting an inventory of drug training aids?
A letter is sent to the commanding officer stating that the inventory was conducted on the particular date and time.
What action should be taken during a drug training aid inventory when an aid is lost or suspected of being tampered with?
That suspicion is reported immediately to the nearest NIS component for investigation.
How do you document any movement of drug training aids between a custodian and an NIS component?
Registered mail (return receipt required), military transportation (signature service required), or hand delivery.
When may a MWD be kenneled at a handler's quarters?
ONLY during an emergency or pending kennel construction, and then ONLY with the approval of the MWD program manager.
At least three times a day and more often when necessary.
When feasible, what is the ideal physical location of an MWD kennel?
In an area where natural barriers such as hills, trees, and large shrubs separate built up areas and the kennel facility.
What type of water supply source is required for a kennel facility?
One approved for human consumption.
What is the fencing requirement for a kennel facility?
Must be eight feet high with a single seven to nine gauge strand of barbed wire at the top vice a top guard with no ground clearance at the bottom.
What is the size requirement for a MWD training area, in order to give adequate room for off-leash training exercises?
Approximately 75 feet by 150 feet.
What is the basic kennel safety rule?
In and around the kennel area, personnel will refrain from running or engaging in any type of "horseplay".
What action should be taken in the even that a loose dog appears in any MWD area?
The first person to nitice the animal must give the alarm, "LOOSE DOG", and everyone in the area except the MWD's handler must immediately apply a muzzle on his or her own MWd kneel and hold the MWD close to his or her chest with the MWD's head beneath his or her arm. (The loose MWD's handler will then retrieve the MWD and properly secure it).
As a rule, what is the safe distance for handlers to maintain between their MWDs?
At least 15 feet between MWDs or between an MWD and another person.
What is a good indication that an MWD is preparing to bite?
Growling, curling lips or bearing teeth, staring and standing perfectly still, and rising of hackles on the MWD's neck.
What warning must be given by handlers with MWDs on leash when entering or leaving the kennel area, and at any time there is an obstructed view?
They must call out "DOG COMING THROUGH", "DOG COMING IN", "DOG COMING AROUND", or "DOG COMING BY", as appropriate.
What leash precaution should be taken by handlers while moving to and from designated training areas, and during break and grooming periods?
The handler must always keep their leashes looped over their wrists. (This helps to prevent the leash from slipping out of a handler's grasp.)
When should the feeding pan be washed and sanitized?
Immediately after each feeding.
What is the composition of the MWD water bucket?
Made of either steel or heavy gauge galvanized iron and has at least a 3 1/2 gallon capacity.
What is the procedure to load an MWD if a loading ramp isn't available?
The handler places his or her right arm in front of his or her MWD's rear legs, holding the MWD close to his or her body, and lifts the animal straight up. (An alternate method is to place the left arm under the MWD's abdomen rather than under the MWD's rear legs.
What command is given by the handler once loading is accomplished?
What is the MAXIMUM size of each MWD kennel, including the circulation space?
75 square feet per dog.
What action must be taken by a handler or kennel master who notices any changes in his or her MWD's normal attitude?
Must immediately be reported to the veterinarian.
What is the PRIMARY METHOD of transmitting bacteria for the disease commonly known as LEPTO (letpospirosis)?
Through infected urine and rodents.
How often will a veterinarian usually vaccinate the MWD with a "D-H-L" vaccine which protects against distemper, hepatitis and leptospirosis?
Usually once a year.
What is usually the first sign of the rabies disease?
The dog will change his normal behavior. He may show an inability to retain saliva, refusal to eat or drink, and may seek solitude. (This phase may last from one to three days, after which, the dog will show either signs or paralysis or become vicious.)
What action should be taken if his or her MWD comes in contact with and is betten by a wild or stray animal?
Must immediately report it to the veterinarian. Also; should attempt to capture or kill the biting animal if that can be done without further endangering himself or herself.
What action should be taken if a handler is bitten by an animal, including his or her own MWD?
Should report as soon as possible to the appropriate medical facility for treatment.
What are the two families of ticks?
The Hard Tick and the Soft Tick.
Why must the handler exercise care when removing ticks?
Two reasons: First, ticks can be carriers of zoonotic diseases such as "Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever." Secondly, inflammation of the dog's skin can result if all of the tick's mouth isn't removed.
What is the correct procedure for removing a tick from an MWD?
Place the fingers or a tweezer around the body of the tick and as close to the skin as possible. The tick's head should then be withdrawn from the skin by slow, gentle traction.
How should ticks be disposed of after removing from an MWD?
Flush them down the nearest drain or immerse them in alcohol. Then ALWAYS wash your hands.
What is the length of a flea's life cycle?
Usually 30 days.
Although fleas usually feed every day, how long can they live without food?
Several months.
What signs are exhibited by dogs infected with heartworms?
They may cough, tire to the point of collapse during exercise, and have difficulty in breathing.
What are the signs of a dog infected with hookworms?
Membranes of the mouth and eyes may be pale; stools may be loose, contain blood and the dog may lose weight.
What is a good preventive medicine practice for MWD dermatitis and skin irritation?
Dusting the dog once or twice a week with a power containing both an insecticide and a fungicide.
When is a large part of the MWD health check performed?
While the dog is being groomed. (The daily grooming and health check period should be a pleasant experience for the handler and the dog.)
What is the first step in grooming the MWD?
Give him a brisk rubdown with the fingertips moving against the grain.
What should be the limitations to combing the MWD in the winter?
Should be limitied to avoid removal of the warm undercoat.
What part of the dog is often referred to as the mirror of his body?
The eyes.
What is the normal appearance of the dog's eyes?
Should be bright and clear with the surrounding membranes having a healthy pink color.
What is the normal appearance of a dog's nose?
The black pad at the end of the nose is usually shiny and moist.
What is the term for the erect external portion of the dog's ear?
The earflap.
What is the normal appearance of a dog's gums and inner aspect of the lips?
A healthy pink.
What is the normal appearance of a dog's skin and hair coat?
The hair coat has a glossy appearance if he is well fed and well groomed, and the skin is soft and pliable.
What type of inspection should be made of the MWD's feet?
Foreign objects that may be caught in the pads of hair and for cuts and bruises.
What is the proper length of a dog's toe nails?
Where the tips of the nails don't touch the ground when he stands.
What is indicated when a small amount of greenish-yellow discharge comes from the prepuce of the dog's genitals?
It is a normal condition and will be removed by the dog while cleaning himself.
What is the normal pulse rate for a MWD, depending upon the breed and size of the dog?
From 70 to 100 beats per minute.
Where should you take the pulse on a MWD?
On the left side of the dog, just back of the elbow joint or on the femoral artery, which is located on the inner side of either hind leg.
What is the purpose of a dog's ANAL GLANDS (which are located on either side of the anus of the dog)?
They secret a lubricant that better enables the dog to expel the contents of the rectum.
What is the normal temperature range of a dog's body?
Within the range of 101-102 degrees fahrenheit.
How is a dog's temperature always taken?
Rectally and the thermometer is left in the rectum from two to three minutes before the reading is taken.
What procedure will greatly increase the ease of inserting a thermometer into the dog's rectum?
Lubricating it with soap or mineral oil.
When giving liquid medication to a dog, why should you NOT elevate the dog's head to any angle above the horizontal line?
Because if the head is raised any higher, the dog has difficulty in swallowing.
What is the first step in the recommended procedure for giving tablets or capsules to a dog?
The handler places the fingers of the left hand over the muzzle and inserts the left thumb under the lip and between the dog's upper and lower right canine teeth. (Use caution in doing this and don't force the dog's lip against his teeth, for this causes undue pain and increases the dog's resistance to treatment.)
What is of paramount importance for a handler BEFORE attempting to administer first aid in any emergency situation?
The handler must properly control and restrain the dog.
What is the correct manner for a handler to approach a distressed animal in any emergency situation?
Should approach the dog speaking in a soothing and calm voice.
What handling aid should be used whenever possible in an emergency situation with a distressed animal?
The leather basket muzzle.
What is the best way to control bleeding on a dog's foot or leg?
Apply pressure directly to the wound.
When may a tourniquet be used to control bleeding on a dog's foot or leg?
When neither direct pressure to the wound nor pinching the wound edges with your fingers stop the bleeding.
How often should a tourniquet be loosened to keep tissue alive after being applied to a dog's foot or leg?
Every five to eight minutes.
Why should a bandage NEVER be applied over a tourniquet on a dog's foot or leg?
Because the tourniqeut may be forgotten and left on too long.
What action should be taken if you know or suspect that a fracture has occurred to one or more of a dog's limbs?
Immediately restrain the animal properly to prevent possible injury to yourself. (Make every effort to quiet the animal to minimize the possibility of further injury to the fractured area.)
When should a dog with a fractured limb be moved to an appropriate treatment facility?
When it's not possible for the veterinarian to go to the location of the dog.
How should a dog be transported if a fractured limb cannot be splinted?
The dog should be transported on a firm litter (made from strips of board fastened together or from a sheet of plywood.)
What may accompany injuries of the internal organs of a dog?
Internal bleeding and shock in which case paleness of the membranes of the dog's mouth and eyes, rapid shallow breathing or a glassy look to the eyes may be apparant.
What action should be taken if you suspect that your dog may be suffering from internal injuries?
Keep him warm and as quiet as possible. Seek assistance immediately and if it's necessary to move the animal, use a litter to carefully transport the dog.
Why should a dog bitten by a poisonous snake be kept as quiet as possible?
In order to slow the movement of snake venom through the bloodstream when panic or exertion occurs.
What action should be taken when a dog bitten by a poisonous snake is not going to have medical help immediately available?
An ice pack should be placed over the bite area until help arrives. (Check frequently to make sure the ice pack doesn't freeze tissues.)
What is the basic rule for possible dog poisoning?
Unless you are certain that your dog has eaten a poisonous substance, it's not wise to treat him for poisoning.
What is a good sign of overheating in a dog?
A very high body temperature of 105 degrees fahrenheit or more. (Other signs may include a poor response to commands, weakness, unsteady gait, vomiting, difficult or labored breathing, convulsions, and collapse.)
What action should be taken if a veterinarian isn't immediately available and you are certain that your dog has eaten a poisonous substance?
Promptly make the dog vomit by placing one or two tablespoons full of salt on the back of the tongue. Keep the dog quiet and warm until the veterinarian assistance is available.
What is the proper first-aid treatment for an overheated dog?
Carry the animal as rapidly as possible to the nearest shade and try to quickly lower the body temperature.
How may overheating be prevented in very hot weather?
Keep vigorous exercise to a minimum and allow frequent rest periods.
When may bloating (acute enlargment of the dog's stomach) in a dog occur?
Within a few hours after eating and following the consumption of large quantities of water.
What is the first-aid treatment for a bloated dog?
Immediately alert the veterinarian, while stopping all water and food consumption by the dog. Also give the dog moderate exercise such as slow walking.
What is the minimum amount of time that must pass for a dog to be fed after training or working?
At least two hours. (This allows them time to relax and satisfy their thirst before the food enters the stomach.)
What may be used as a first-aid treatment for treating a dog with a burn?
A clean cloth or piece of gauze should be soaked in a solution of epsom salts or bicarbonate of soda to a pint of clean, warm water. The gauze should then be fastened lightly in place. (The dog should be covered with blankets to keep him warm until he is examined and treated by a veterinarian. As soon as first-aid measures have been taken, the dog should receive veterinary treatment. Otherwise, death from shock may occur.)
What is used to feed a MWD?
A standard diet of Maximum Stress Diet (MSD).
What amount of MSD is normally required for each MWD daily, depending on the dog's weight?
One to one and one-half pounds of Maximum Stress Diet (MSD).
Why should PATROL MWD TEAMS be used judiciously in confrontation situations?
Because their presence could escalate a situation.
What is the minimum employment of DRUG DETECTOR DOG (DDD) TEAMS for a command?
On a recurring basis, but not less than semi-annually.
How often must a commanding officer (or named official) review each folder containing the PROBABLE CAUSE HISTORY for each PAT/DRUG or DDD team?
At least four times each year.
When should PAT/DRUG or DDD team demonstrations be performed for the base commanding officer?
Upon receipt of the team; upon change of base commander (authorizing authority); upon change of a handler; and upon change of dog(s).
Who should help coordinate PAT/EXP teams to make sure such actions are legally permissible?
The local staff judge advocate.
What condition may the handler allow the MWD while patrolling?
The dog may be off-leash on the rear seat of the vehicle.
When are MOBILE PATROLS most effective?
When the team uses the ride-awhile-walk-awhile method.
What is the best way for the MWD to use its scenting ability when checking or searching a building?
Always approach buildings from the downwind side.
When may a handler release the MWD to pursue, attack, or hold a suspect?
When a suspect tries to escape or evade apprehension, and the handler is REASONABLY CERTAIN the suspect has committed or attempted to commit a crime.
What action should a Patrol MWD team take if children are involved in minor incidents in dependent and bachelor quarters (BEQ/BOQ) and they fail to halt when challenged?
The handler should follow them to their quarters instead of releasing the MWD.
What is essential if the MWD is used to track a suspect in response to an alarm system activation in a building?
Other persons should not contaminate the area with scents and tracks that can confuse the MWD.
Where should the MWD be positioned while escorting fund custodians to and from the vehicle in order to observe hostile acts?
Slightly to the rear.
What precaution should be taken when a handler must leave an MWD unattended in a vehicle?
All windows in the vehicle must be rolled up far enough to prevent the MWD from trying to get out.
How should the MWD be positioned after an apprehension while a search of the suspect is being completed?
In the guard position.
How should the MWD be positioned if the MWD team must transport a suspect?
The handler positions the MWD in the back seat area and the suspect in the front seat on the passenger side.
What must be of primary concern when a commanding officer is considering arming of MWD handlers?
Not only the protection to the handler and MWD, but to possible serious injury to others should the handler not be able to control the dog.
What is a prelude before releasing an MWD to search a building?
A handler must give a verbal warning to inform anyone that may be in the building that he/she is about to release an MWD.
What action should be taken when handlers challenge an unknown person, approach a suspect, check a person's identification, or are involved in any situation that requires them to divert attention from control of the MWD?
They must always inform the person or persons that the MWD is an MWD that will attack without command if the handler is attacked.
How does the MWD compare to similar restrictions on using firearms?
The handler must not release an MWD or allow it to bite until all other, less forceful means have failed.
Why should MWDs NOT be released in ares where children are present, except as a LAST RESORT SHORT OF USING A FIREARM?
Because children may not obey warnings to cease movement.
Who has DOD designated as the MILITARY WORKING DOG EXECUTIVE AGENT (MWDEA) for processing requests from civilian law enforecement agencies {CLEA} (federal, state, and local)?
U.S. Air Force Security Police Agency Headquarters.
How will a MWD team NORMALLY be alerted to a request for assistance in counterdrug operations from a civilian agency?
From their Echelon Two command point of contact.
How may the MWD team be used when working with a CLEA?
Only the MWD team's drug or explosive detection capabilities are to be used.
Who must accompany the MWD team at all times when it is working with a CLEA?
A representative of the requesting CLEA.
When may detector dog teams be authorized for use by INDIVIDUAL COMMANDING OFFICERS on a ONE TIME ONLY BASIS?
In emergency humanitarian situations when requested by CLEAs, but only when such support isn't otherwise available via civilian channels.
How is one time emergency humanitarian use (authorized by the individual commanding officer) of detector dog teams documented?
On the MWD Quarterly Report (OPNAV 5585/7) and the quarterly Report of Support to Civilian Law Enforcement.
What is the governing directive for using MILITARY WORKING DOG TEAMS (MWDTs) to support law enforcement agencies in counterdrug missions?
DOD Directive 5525.10.
Who exercises the OVERALL SUPERVISION of MWD teams assigned to assist the U.S. Secret Service (USSS)?
The USSS special agent in charge of the operation to which the MWD team is assigned.
Unless other directed by the USSS, what is the normal attire for MWD team support personnel assigned to assist the USSS?
A conservative business suit.
When must the MWD team supervisor forward a letter of cancellation to a command (via the chain of command) explaining the reasons for terminating a search for reasons of misconduct, noncompliance with OPNAVINST 5585.2 series, or because of a hazardous si
Within two working days of terminating a search at a command.
Normally, who are the MINIMUM personnel who should have prior knowledge of a search by a MWD team?
Commanding officer, executive officer, and the chief master-at-arms/security officer.
May photography be permitted during actual MWD team searches?
No (but demonstrations may be arranged through the kennel master, senior handler, and local public affairs office if requested).
What action should be taken when conducting a search and personnel must get dressed prior to leaving the area?
They should be observed while they dress to prevent the secreting of small parcels or contraband on their person.
What action is taken by a RECORDER if a "response" occurs during a search?
Indicates the area with tape or gum label, marking the tape/label with the response number, date, time, location, and any other information pertinent to the search.
What are the most important factors to be used by a handler to assist his/her MWD in effectively pinpointing the source of an odor outdoors?
Air circulation conditions.
How do temperature and humidity affect a search?
If the temperature is high and the humidity low, the scent will move higher and faster on the prevailing wind currents. If the temperature is low and the humidity is high, as in the case of rainy or stormy weather, the scent will travel lower and for a longer period of time on the prevailing wind currents.
What should be a handler's position concerning his or her MWD during a search?
Should never question the MWD. Instead the handler should suspect everyone and everything; if you have doubt, trust your MWD.
What is the purpose of conditioning the MWD to perform a "search pattern"?
To capitalize on the MWD's learned behavioral characteristic of hunting (searching).
What command is used by a handler to begin a search using a search pattern?
The command "SEEK" in an inquisitive manner.
What action should be taken by the handler before starting any search?
Always look over the area to be searched first.
What is the search pattern for a regular individual dormitory room?
Clear each room starting from your left and moving clockwise around the room until you return to your starting point.
What amount of time should be allowed before starting a search in an area after the ventilation has been secured and all windows closed?
A minimum of 15 minutes for the odors to settle.
What actions should be taken if your dog responds to an area where drug residue or residual odor may collect (i.e., inside clothing, on a rug, or inside a vacuum cleaner), and no drug is found?
Since it's not necessarily a false response, it should have some type of justification for the response on the OPNAV Form 5585/3 and supplemental OPNAV Form 5585/2.
What is the correct approach for an aircraft search?
Approach the aircraft approximately 15 to 20 feet from the downwind side.
Who should be present and assist in identifying suspicious baggage or anything that may seem out of place during an aircraft search?
The aircraft commander or crew chief.
What should be the ideal condition for the search of an aircraft's interior?
The doors should be closed and ventilation systems turned off.
How should luggage or baggage be searched?
Suitcases or cartons should be placed in a straight line or several straight lines with approximately one foot between each. Suitcases should be lying on their sides in order to allow the MWD to work all of seams.
Who should be assigned to the MWD team as long as they are onboard a vessel?
At least one reliable senior petty officer, preferably an MAA.
When should off-post training be conducted?
Except when staffing shortages require that MWD teams be used to cover essential posts, the training should be done during the handler's regularly scheduled duty time.
What is the most important factory to consider in how long a particular MWD can perform before it begins to lose proficiency?
The length of time between task performances, not the amount of time spent doing the task.
What is the proficiency training requirement for patrol/detector MWDs?
At least two hours per day/ten hours per week.
What is the best location for conducting training exercises designed to correct specific training deficiencies?
Areas where the variable factors can be closely controlled.
What is the best location for conducting routine training exercises?
Areas that resemble as closely as possible the areas an actual search is likely to take place.
What is the best time for training conducted at business facilities for detector dog training exercises?
They should begin as soon as possible after the facilities have been vacated for the day. (At these times the lingering scent of people add realism to the exercise.)
What part of a dog gives it the capability to detect small changes in air flow and wind direction?
Specialized hairs.
What makes vocal and petting rewards effective?
They must have value to the dog.
When is a reward (vocal or petting praise) given to a dog in the CONTINUOUS REWARD SCHEDULE (CRS)?
Immediately when the dog makes a correct or near correct response.
No reward is ever given when the dog makes no response or an incorrect response.
What is the rule to remember for everyone involved in gunfire training?
Never back a dog down with gunfire. Rather, adjust the distance between the gunfire and the dog until the dog demonstrates the required behavior and then begin decreasing the distance.
What action should be taken, if, after all methods and techniques have been exhausted, and a dog still doesn't adapt satisfactorily to gunfire training?
Action should be taken to eliminate the dog from the program.
What command directs a dog to attack?
What command is used to cease a dog's attack or release its bite and is given in a demanding tone of voice?
OUT. (If this command isn't enough, jerk lightly on the leash, reprimand "NO", and repeat the command OUT.
What are the three categories of aggressiveness, which is determined by giving each dog the same stimulus, a mild agitation?
Overaggressive, underaggressive, or moderately aggressive.
What is the purpose of STAND-OFF TRAINING?
To enable the handler to gain complete control over the dog after it has been commanded to attack.
What is the QUARTERING?
A method used by the patrol dog team to systematically clear a search area.
When will a dog be considered UNRELIABLE when performing CRITICAL TASKS?
When he fails to meet the minimum standards for these tasks for three consecutive days.
What is the minimum standard for physical corrections involving obedience commands?
Only one physical correction per four commands is allowed.
What amount of blank .38 caliber ammunition must be on hand for MWD gunfire training?
A minimum of 50 rounds, per dog, per year.
What recertification action is required when a dog team's proficiency training has been interrupted for 30 consecutive days or more FOR ANY REASON?
Full recertification must occur.
What is the rule for food deprivation (if the MWD is on food reward) if a drug detector dog fails recertification?
With veterinary approval ONLY it may occur for a minimum of 24 hours but not to exceed 48 hours.
When may MWDs be returned to Lackland AFB after decertification?
ONLY with prior approval of the program manager at OP-09N.
What is the basic principle for drug detection training?
For the dog to be taught to associate a pleasant event with the substance it is required to find.
Who determines the FINAL RESPONSE the dog will be trained to make when it finds the desired substance?
The DOD Dog Training Center School staff.
What is the methodology used in drug dectection training?
To first introduce the dog to the scent of drugs and motivate the dog to actively seek out scented aids.
Why is it important that someone other than the handler hide all aids used in a training exercise?
Because if the handler hides the training aids, the dog quickly learns to respond on the handler's scent rather than the drug scent, resulting in non-productive responses.
What is an excellent method to use to overcome a MWD's not closely examining the corners as he goes around a vehicle?
Conceal a drug/explosive training aid in a location where the MWD will detect its odor when he or she reaches the corner of the vehicle.
What is always examined FIRST in the sequence of a vehicle examination?
The exterior of the vehicle.
How often must EXPLOSIVE SAFETY TRAINING be conducted (by EOD or appropriate personnel)?
At least annually.
What is the minimum standard of proficiency to maintain certification as an explosive detector?
90 percent.
What is the rule for conducting explosives training when an electrical storm is in the area?
Must not be done when the electrical storm is within three miles of the training area.
What action should be taken if an electrical storm occurs during the explosives training period?
All training activity must be stopped and all explosives returned to the storage area.
What action should be taken if an electrical storm occurs and time doesn't allow safe return of explosives to the storage area?
Position the explosives in an open, unoccupied area at least 300 feet from occupied buildings or personnel. (Additionally, the person in charge of the explosive charge must maintain surveillance over them during this period from at least 100 feet.)
Who should be notified prior to conducting any explosives training (giving the training location and the amount and type of explosives to be used)?
The fire department.
When should the MWD be rewarded for a positive explosives response?
ONLY when the team is clear of the training or search area.
What action should be taken if the dog responds during an actual explosives search?
Immediately notify EOD personnel of the location and let EOD dispose of any suspected devices or objects. (The handler should not touch or retrieve the suspected object either during an actual search or a training exercise. Handlers will not allow the dog to scratch or paw at the object.)

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