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Social Studies ch. 7 vocab

Terms

undefined, object
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Compromise of 1850
legislation passed by congress by which California entered the Union as a free state, slave trading was ended in the District of Columbia, Texas gave up its claims to New Mexico in exchange for money, residents of the territories of New Mexico and Utah would be able to determine whether they wanted slavery, or no slavery; Fugitive Slave act was enacted
confederate states of america
the name given to the government formed by the southern states that seceded from the union in the early 1860's
skirmish
a minor, short-term battle
Know-Nothing party
a political party in the 1800's that did not want immigrants to become citizens or person not born in the US to hold political office
free soiler
those people in the Kansas and Nebraska territories who opposed slavery
antebellum
the period before the civil war
secession
the act of pulling out of the union
yeoman farmer
an independent farmer who often lived from season to season
arsenal
an arms storehouse
sectionalism
the belief by the people in a given region or area that their ideas and interests are better and more important than those of another region or area
Kansas-Nebraska Act
legislation that created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska and that contained a cause on popular sovereignty that negated the compromise of 1850
ordinance
a bill or local
overseer
a person hired to manage slaves on a day-to-day basic
manifest destiny
the belief that it was the will of God that the US expand its borders to the Pacific Coast
great revival movement
aka "a second great awakening" a religious movement in the 1820's that swept the country resulting in increased and interracial support for abolition
states' rights
the belief that a state's interest should take procedence over the interests of the national government
platform
a statement of the principles and policies a political party support
abolition
the movement to do away with something, particularly slavery in the 1800's
annex
to add on, such as adding territory to an existing town, city, or state
driver
an older slave that a plantation owner thought was loyal and who supervised other slaves
Missouri Compromise
legislation passed by congress in 1820 by which Main entered the Union as a free state, Missouri entered as a slave state, and slavery was prohibited norht of the southern border of Missouri`
popular sovereignty
the ability of the resident of an area to decide upon an issue such as whether they would allow slavery
underground railroad
a series of roads, houses, river crossings, and people who helped southern slaves escape to the north or canada
slave state
a state that allowed slavery
Republican Party
a political party formed in 1854 to oppose slavery
free state
a state that did not allow slavery
slave code
lawas enacted in the south that took away nearly all the rights of slaves by regulating their actions.

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