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Psychology Family Therapy 1

Terms

undefined, object
copy deck
reframing
a process in which a perception is changed by explaining a situation form a different context. The art of attributing different meaning to a behavior
Blamer
person who attempts to blame others and not take responsibility for their own actions
genogram
visual family tree to illustrate relationships
accommodating
the process of joining in which the therapist makes personal adjustments in order to achieve a therapeutic alliance with the family. (removing sport coat to be more casual)
distractor
person who relates by saying and doing irrelevant things.
shaping competence
the procedure in which structural therapists help families and family members become more functional by highlighting positive behaviors.
clear boundaries
- rules/habits that allow and encourage dialogue which helps the family enhance communication and relationship
multigenerational transmission process
passing on from generation to generation in families of coping strategies and patterns of coping with stress.
triangulation
projecting interpersonal dyadic difficulties onto a third person (scapegoat)
disengagement
psychologically isolated from other family members
Placater
person who avoids conflict at the cost of his or her integrity
Experiential therapy premise
Family problems are rooted in suppression of feelings, rigidity, denial of impulses, lack of awareness, emotional deadness and overuse of defense mechanisms.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Premise
Behavior is maintained or eliminated by consequences
Interject or Internalized Object
As they grow, children often internalize (interject) good and bad characteristics of these objects (significant other, mother, etc) within themselves. These interjections over time form the basis for how individuals interact and evaluate interpersonal relationships with others, especially those with whom they are close
Bad me
When the mother rebuffs or frustrates child's need for tenderness, her child feels bad
rigid boundaries
inflexible rules and habits that keep family members separated from each other
Good me
When the mother is warm and nurturing, her child feels good
permeable
- rules/habits that allow and encourage dialogue which helps the family enhance communication and relationship
Solution Focused Therapy Premise
Reality is seen as a reflection of observation and experience, not as objective reality
corrective emotional experience
what the therapist attempts to create through encouragement so that the family experiences other ways to deal with their emotions
Bowen Therapy Premise
Theory and therapy are the same - Family patterns are doomed to be repeated if there is no change made
enactment
the actions of families that show problematic behavioral sequences to therapists, for example, having an argument instead of talking about one.
coalition
an alliance between specific family members and a third member
undifferentiated family ego mass
family who is emotionally stuck together, fusion within family
differentiation
level of maturity reached by someone who can separate rational and emotional selves. Opposite of fusion
fusion
the merging of intellectual and emotional functions so that an individual does not have a clear sense of self and others. There is a discomfort with autonomy in relationships, wishes to merge with another, and difficulty tolerating differences of opinion. Opposite of differentiation.
family drawing
technique where the family members draw representations of themselves to help see how they relate to one another
emotional cutoff
when family members avoid each other, physically or psychologically, because of unresolved emotional attachment
family sculpting
technique in which family members are molded during the session into positions symbolizing their actual relationships to each other as seen by one or more members of the family
joining
the process of coupling that occurs between the therapist and the family, leading to the development of the therapeutic system, therapist forms a bond with the family members
diffuse boundaries
arrangements that do not allow enough separation between family members, resulting in members becoming fused and dependent on other members
good enough mothering
mother whose infant feels loved and cared for and is able to develop and a true sense of self.
Unconscious conflict
Unconscious and unresolved conflict in early object relations that adults may bring into their marriage relationships can result in dysfunctional patterns in which persons cling to each other desperately and dependently. These patterns keep repeating themselves until one or both spouses become more aware, take actions to differentiate themselves from past objects and learn to act in new and productive ways.
Structural Family Therapy
Family functioning involves family structure, subsystems and boundaries
3 types of family drawings in Experiential Therapy
Joint family scribble; Conjoint family scribble; Symbolic drawing of family space
computer/rational analyzer
person who interacts only on a cognitive or intellectual level.
Object Relations therapy premise
Humans have a fundamental motivation to seek objects. Children internalize good/bad characteristics of objects within themselves which form the basis for how they interact with others.
Not me
Must be something wrong with me or something wrong with my needs (splits it off from consciousness)

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