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Terminology

Terms

undefined, object
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audit/o, aud/i, ot/o
combining forms for ear
hydrocephalus
abnormally elevated amount of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles of the brain
meconium
1st stool of a newborn that consists of material collected in the intestine of fetus
vertigo
sense of dizziness
tympan/o, myring/o
combining forms for eardrum
copulation, coitus
sexual intercourse
palpebra
eyelid (when talking about normal reflex)
analgesia
without pain
conjunctiva
mucous membranes that line underside of each eyelid
thrill
vibration felt on palpation of the external chest in an animal with a heart murmur
miosis
pupillary constriction
epistaxis
rhinorrhagia or another name for nose bleed
hyperkeratosis
increased growth of the horny layer of the skin
shirmer tear test
diagnostic test using graded paper strip to measure tear production
epiphora
excessive tear production
palpebral reflex
diagnostic test in which the eye should blink in response to touch to the medial canthus of the eye
theriogenology
animal reproduction or the study of producing beasts
paraparesis
weakness of the hind limbs in quadrupeds
paralysis
loss of voluntary movement or immobility
pupill/o, core/o
combining forms for pupil
neuritis
inflammation of the nerves
neonate
newborn
cryptorchidism
one or both testes fail to descend
endorphins
natural, opioid-like chemicals that are produced in the brain that raise the pain threshold
cyanosis
abnormal condition of blue discoloration of the mucous membranes
sphygmomanometer
instrument that measures amount of pressure exerted against walls of vessels
hypercapnia
above-normal level of carbon dioxide
lateral canthus
corner of eye farthest from nose
fluorescein stain
diagnostic test to detect corneal injury by placing dye onto the surface of the cornea
neuralgia
nerve pain
distichiasis
abnormal condition of a double row of eyelashes that usually results in conjuctival injury
medial canthus
corner of eye nearest nose
hemiparesis
weakness on one side of the body
lacrimation
condition of normal tear secretion
tonometry
procedure using an instrument to indirectly measure intraocular preasure
pneumon/o, pulmon/o
combining forms for lungs
ectropion
eversion or turning outward of the eyelid
lacrim/o, dacry/o
combining forms for teardrop, tear duct, or lacrimal duct
bulbourethral glands
two glands located on either side of urethra. secrete thick mucus that acts as lubricant for sperm
nictitating membrane
conjunctival fold attached at the medial canthus that moves the cornea when the eyelids close, third eyelid
orchidectomy, orchectomy, orchiectomy
surgical removal of the testis, castration
thoracocentesis
drawing fluid out of the thoracic cavity using a needle and syringe
atopy
hypersensitivity to an allergen from the environment and usually involves pruritis with secondary dermatitis
meibomian glands
sebaceous glands on margins of each eyelid, aka tarsal glands
canthus
angle where upper and lower eyelids meet, corner of the eye
apnea
absence of breathing
catalepsy
waxing rigidity of muscles accompanied by a trance-like state
purulent
containing or producing pus
amniocentesis
surgical puncture w/ needle through abdominal and uterine walls to obtain amniotic fluid to evaluate the fetus
hypoxia
below normal levels of oxygen
-paresis
suffix meaning weakness
petechiae
small pinpoint hemorrhage under the skin
pallor
skin paleness
mydriasis
pupillary dilation
laryngospasm
sudden fluttering or closure of the voicebox
pupil
circular opening in the center of the iris
arteries
carry blood away from heart
nystagmus
involuntary, rhythmic movement of the eye
veins
carry blood to the heart
scrotum, scrotal sac
external pouch that encloses and supports the testes
metritis
inflammation of the uterus
pinna
external portion of the ear
anisocoria
condition of unequal pupil size
-plegia
suffix meaning paralysis
para-
prefix meaning hind or lower portion
paraphimosis
retraction of the skin of the prepuce causing painful swelling of the skin of the glans penis that prevents the penis from being retracted
scleral injection
dilation of blood vessels into the sclera
hypopnea
abnormally slow or shallow respirations
dyspnea
difficulty breathing
tachypnea
abnormally rapid respiration rate
perfusion
blood flow through tissues
windpipe
common name for trachea
ataxia
without coordination; "stumbling"
entropion
inversion or turning inward of the eyelid
myoparesis
weakening of muscles
mastitis
inflammation of the mammary glands
ablation
removal of a part
sinus
in respiratory system, air filled or fluid-filled space within a bone
enucleation
removal of the eyeball
pruritus
itchy
edema
accumulation of fluid in the intercellular spaces
blephar/o
combining form for eyelid
vestibular disease
neurologic disorder characterized by head tilt, nystagmus, rolling, falling, and circling
aur/o
combing form for external ear but commonly used for simply ear
pupillary light reflex (PLR)
response of pupil to a bright light source
angi/o, vas/o
combining form for vessels
anesthesia
absence of sensation

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