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Pathology "Ch2 Lung"

Terms

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pneumonia
inflammation of the lungs usually caused by infection.
Aspiration pneumonia
drawing into the lungs a foreing body or substance.
Lung abcess
necrotic area of pulmonary parenchyma containing puss.
Tuberculosis
chronic infection of bacteria.
Broncheictasis
permanent dilation of large bronchi.
Croup
inflammatory destructive swelling of the trachea.
RSV
Respiratory Syncthial Virus- causes repiratory tract infection(RTI), usually in young children.
Cronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Chronic obstruction of airways leading to ineffective air exchange, making breathing difficult.
Chronic bronchitis
High mucous secretion by the trachial bronchial tree.
Emphysema
abnormal condition of lungs with over inflation of air in the aveoli.
Asthma
widespread narrowing of the airways caused by allergies.
Pneumoconiosis
lung disease caused by inhalation of dust due to prolonged occupational exposure.
Pulmonary embolism
sudden obtruction of a pulmonary blood vessel caused by debri(dust and crap in the air).
Bronchogenic carcinoma
lung cancer
Pulmonary metastases
lung cancer, secondary from a primary source somewhere else in the body.
Atelectasis
collapsed lung-diminished air within the lung, associated with lung volume.
Hyaline membrane disease
airless aveoli and inelastic lungs
Adult respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS)
severe inflammatory damage causing permeability of the aveolar/capillary membrane.
Pneumothorax
collection of air in the pleural cavity, causing the lung to collapse.
Pleural effusion
accumulation of fluid in the pleural space. (blunted costophrenic angles).

Deck Info

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