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English Final Vocab


undefined, object
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a word placed before a noun or pronoun to forma phrase modifying another word in the sentence
a figure of speech that implies or states a comparison between two unlike things which are similar in some way. unlike similes, metaphors do not use like or as.
after, although, as, as if, because, before, even though, if, in order that, once, rather than, since, so that, than, that, though, unless, until, when, where, whether, while
subordinating conjunction examples
A type of drama of human conflict which ends in defeat and suffering. Often the main character has a tragic flaw (weakness of character, wrong judgment) which leads to his or her destruction. Sometimes the conflict is with forces beyond the control of the character (fate, evil in the world)
Oh! Hey! Wow!
interjection examples
subordinating conjunctions
introduces a subordinate clause and indicates the relation of the clause to the rest of the sentance
rising action
the events of a dramatic or narrative plot preceding the climax
the chief character (hero), usually pitted against the antagonist in a conflict
A figure of speech that states a comparison between two essentially unlike things which are similar in one aspect. Similes are introduced by like or as.
(Greek mythology) god of wine and fertility and drama
whom whom, whose, which, that
relative pronoun examples
Proper Noun
To name a particular common noun
is, am, are, was, were, be, being, been, can, could, will, would, shall, should, may, might, must, has, have, had, do, does, did,
helping verb examples
Reciprocal pronouns
refer to individual parts of a plural antecedent
a hint of what is to come in the story. this is often used to keep the audience in a state of expectancy
the events following the climax of a drama or novel in which such a resolution or clarification takes place (falling action)
I, me, you, her, he, him, it, we, us, you, they, them
Personal pronoun examples
a word used to express surprise or emotion
spoken by one of the 2 characters giving background information, foreshadows play
a change from ignorance to awareness
The main idea or message of a piece of literature. It offers a universal idea that gives structure and force.
Something that represents something else by association, resemblance, or convention especially a material object used to represent something invisible.
either...or; neither... nor; not only... but also; whether... or; both... and
correlative conjunction examples
The tone of a piece of writing reflects the author's attitude about his or her subject. Tone is different than mood.
point of view
a position from which something is observed or considered in a literary work- the narrative method. first person and third person are the most commonly used.
the first scene of the play- chorus and orchestra preform
Common Noun
A person, place, or thing
The time and place in which the action occurs.
the inventor of tragedy
join words, phrases, or clauses, and they indicate the relation between the elements joined
Demonstrative pronouns
identify or point to nouns
Great Dionysia Festival
Large religious festival for Dionysus in Athens, it was based off of tragedies
The principal character in opposition to the protagonist or hero of a narrative or drama
each other, one another
Reciprocal pronoun examples
Intensive pronouns and reflexive pronouns
emphasize a noun or another pronoun, and name a receiver of an action identical with the does of the action
the first movement, chorus turning from east to west
God of Human and Agricultural fertility, poetry, song, and drama.
a regional or social variety of a language distinguished by pronunciation, grammar, or vocabulary, especially a variety of speech differing from the standard literary language or speech pattern of the culture in which it exists
most of Oedipus's trilogy took place there
a figure of speech in which inanimate objects or abstractions are given human qualities or are represented as possessing human form.
Oracle of Delphi
shrine to Apollo
the pattern of events or main story in a narrative or drama
tent, backdrop for orchestra, a room for changing
a rhetorical figure in which two contradictory terms are combined.
Indefinite pronouns
refer to nonspecific persons or things
the emotional response created in the audience by the atmosphere and the actions
the central tension that provides the skeleton on which the dramatic structure is built
a reference to a literary or historical person or event to explain a present situation
a word used to modify, or qualify, a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. answers one of the questions, who? what? where? when? why? how? under what conditions? to what degree?
Great Dionysia Festival
Large religious festival for Dionysus in Athens, it was based off of tragedies
famous Greek author most noted for the Oedipus Trilogy
correlative conjunctions
come in pairs, connect grammatically equal elements
using words that imitate the sound they denote.
tragic flaw
character flaw the hero has
second movement responds to the first, chorus turning west to east
Common Noun example
The dog barked.
the use of words or figures of speech that appeal to the five senses in order to create a mental picture
lame, valuable, sixteen
adjective examples
Conjunctive adverbs
used with semicolon to connect independent clauses; it usually serves as a transition between the clauses
tragedy hero
a normal desent hero that has something tragic happen to him
the stage, dancing space, altar to Dionysus
12-15 people, represented the community
this, that, these, those
Demonstrative pronoun examples
ascension to god-like status
Main verb
the action word of a sentence
Personal pronoun
refer to specific persons or things
my, mine, your, yours, her, his, its, our, ours, your, yours, their, theirs
Possessive pronouns
Oedipus's home and birthplace
ruin, delusion
all, another, any, anybody, anyone, anything, both, each, either, everybody, everyone, everything, few, many, neither, nobody, none, no one, nothing, one, several, some, somebody, someone, something
indefinite pronoun examples
interrogative pronouns
introduce questions
tragic flaw
by chorus, moral that closes the play, ties up loose ends
who, whom, whose, which, what
interrogative pronoun examples
a contrast between what is and what appears to be. one type of irony is verbal in which a character says one thing but means another. another is dramatic irony in which the audience knows what the character does not.
the final scene of the play- usually sung with words of wisdom
the change in fortune that the tragic hero experiences from the beginning of the play to the end
consequently, finally, furthermore, however, moreover, nevertheless, similarly, then, therefore, and thus
conjunctive adverb examples
used to modify, or describe a noun or pronoun
and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet
coordinating conjunction examples
Character FOIL
a character that by contrast highlights or enhances the distinctive characteristics of another character
representation of a character or characters on the stage or in writing especially by imitating or describing actions, gestures, or speehes
local color
the use of regional detail (dialect, local customs, or local peculiarities) in a literary or an artistic work.
walked, rode, drove, swim
some main verb examples
a figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect.
the turing point in a plot or dramatic action- the emotional peak
Coordinating conjunctions
used to connect grammatically equal elements
Relative pronouns
introduce subordinate clauses functioning as adjectives
extremely, very, first
adverb examples
raising the emotions of the audience
A word in place of a noun.
group of wealthy citizens who financed and supervised plays who in exchange did not have to pay income taxes
Helping verb
combines with a main verb to help it express tense, mood, and voice, it can also be a main verb
about, above, across, after, against, after, against, along, among, around, as, at, before, behind, below, beside, besides, between, beyond, but, by, concerning, considering, despite, down, during, except, for, from, in inside, into, like, near, next, of, off, on, onto, opposite, out, outside, over, past, plus, regarding, respecting, round, since, than, through, throughout, till, to, toward, under, underneath, unlike, until, unto, up, upon, with, within, without
preposition examples
pursuit of excellence
myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves
intensive and reflexive pronoun examples
Alliteration common noun
the repetition of the same initial sound in two or more consecutive or closely associated words
Greek actors/ masks
First to use actors and men were the only actors and played all the parts. Masks were the most important part of the costume and were made simple to not distract the audienec
introduction or background necessary to understand the story, setting, and characters prior to the start of the conflict
excessive pride
a literary or cinematic device in which an earlier event is inserted into the normal chronological order of a narrative
Proper Noun example
Snoopy ran to his doghouse.
dramatic irony
Audience knows something the character doesn't, suspenseful

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