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Literary terms

Terms

undefined, object
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Alliteration
beginning sounds are the same
Idiom
sayings that are frequently used and have a meaning totally outside of what is said(break a leg)
Fable
anecdote that teaches a moral and usually has animals for characters
Characters
the "who" in the story
English Sonnet
(Shakespearean) a fifteen-line poem written in iambic penta meter
Editorial
an article written about or in response to another piece of writing
Continuous Form
line upon line without breaks
Italian Sonnet
(Petrarchan) fourteen-line poem written in iambic pentameter
Epic
long narrative poem with a hero's actions usually affecting a nation-deals with universal human problem
Direct Exposition
a type of characterization where the author directly describes the character
Anecdote
a short incident, usually humorous
Figure Poems
the shape suggests the topic of the poem
Free Verse
no rhyme and no meter-follows normal patterns of speech
Limmerick
fixed form poem of five lines-anapestic
Legend
a true story passed from generation and down-usually a hero that serves a country
Genre
types of literature
Folk Ballad
a poem that is meant to be sung-passed down from generation and on
Extended Metaphor
a continuation of the classic metaphor in which comparisons continue to be made about 2 subjects
Elegy
written in pairs of unrhymed lines-used for epitaphs in which the dead speak in first person
Antagonist
opposite to protagonist
Fiction
a genre of literature that is untrue
Farce
a type of comedy that involves highly exaggerated characters and ludicrous situations-provoke belly laughs
Apostrophe
the addressing of an inanimate object or an absent person
Folk Tale
a short narrative that is passed down orally
Exposition
the first part of plot where the characters,setting,background info, and usually the problem
Falling Action
part of plot following the climax and before the resolution
Foreshadowing
clues or hints about what is going to happen
Dramatic Monologue
one character on stage giving thoughts and feelings
Couplet
two rhyming lines
Approximate Rhyme
a sound that sounds alike but isn't a certain match of sound (rain/again)
Climax
piont on plot of highest intensity
Flat Character
a character that isn't developed
Homeric Simile
a comparison using a compound word such as those Homer used in his epic poems
Allegory
characters,places,and the concepts are all sybols
Blank Verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter
Internal Conflict
conflict within the character
Fantasy
a subgenre of fiction that involves exaggeration and imagination
Foot
the pattern of line in poetry
Conflict
the problem in the story-a struggle
Cliche
an overly used expression
Cinquain
a five line poem with 2,4,6,8,2 syllables
Limited Point Of View
may be used with the 1st and 3rd person-told from the thoughts and feelings of only one character
Connotation
a suggested meaning or association
Interal Rhyme
rhyme inside of a line
Assonance
repition of vowel sounds
Historical Fiction
a subgenre of fiction-the setting or a main event in the work is truly historical
Figurative Language
various literary methods that describe or compare(non-literal)
Dramatic Structure
exposition,inciting force,rising action,crisis,falling action,climax,catastrophe
Comedy
drama that focuses on light'happy aspects of life
Denotation
literal meaning/dictionary meaning
Analogy
a comparison between two thingd that are seemingly alike
Anachronism
literally "out of time"- when placed in unlikely setting
Feminine Rhyme
the first syllable of a two-syllable word or both syllables of a 2-syllable word rhyme
Hyperbole
an exaggeration
Aside
comment made to the audience that other characters are not supposed to hear
Biography
written about one person by another
End Rhyme
most popular form of rhyme-occurs at the end of the line
Archetype
a character or image that is seen over again in various pieces of literature
Imagery
vivid description using the 5 senses
Dramatic Irony
the audience and/or other characters are privy to information that another doesn't know
Dynamic Character
one who changes
Irony
the opposite of what you expect(dramatic,verbal,situational)
Fixed Form
a traditional pattern that applies to whole poem
Literary Ballad
written to mimick a folk ballad
Caesura
(//) gives pause for expression or emphasis in a long pentameter rhyme
Flash Back
represents events that happened before the time that the work opened
Autobiography
written by the person and is about the person- "self driven"
Allusion
reference to a well-known piece of literature,place,or character
Haiku
a three-lined poem with no rhyme,presents an image or insight
External Conflict
a conflict outside of the character himself
Indirect Revelation
the reader must infer things about the character based on what the author says
Consonance
the repitition of consonant sound
Dialogue
two or more characters speaking
Eye Rhyme
words that look like they should rhyme but do not sound alike(have/cave)
Drama
tells a story with action and dialogue(mimics life)
Ballad
narrative song(poem) written in stanza

Deck Info

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