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Health and Human dynamics 3


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Omega-3 fatty acids
polyunsaturated fatty acids commonly found in fish oils
Role and function of vitamins
they help unleash energy stored in carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. They produce red blood cells and the maintenance of the nervous, skeletal, and immune systems
Role and function of minerals
inorganic elements needed in small amounts to help regulate body functions, aid in the growth and maintenance of body tissues and help release energy
Muscle mass contribution to resting metabolic rate
more exercise= increase muscle mass= higher metabolic rate
Guidelines for meals consumed throughout the day for weight management
total calories, portion sizes, energy density, fat and carb intake, and eating habits
Strategies for a successful weight management program
noncommercial weight-loss program, commercial weight loss programs, online weight loss programs, and clinical weight loss programs
Influence of emotions on eating patterns
a dissatisfaction with body image and body weight; including perfectionist beliefs, unreasonable demands for self-control, and excessive self criticism.
Fight and flight reaction
a defense reaction that prepares an individual for conflict or escape by triggered hormonal, cardiovascular, metabolic, and other changes
the collective physiological and emotional responses to any stimulus that disturbs an individuals homeostasis
Theories explaining the relationship between stress and disease
The general adaption syndrome: a pattern of stress responses consisting of three stages: alarm, resistance, and exhaustion
Allostatic load: when your allostatic load exceeds your ability to cope, you are more likely to get sick
Strategies to manage stress
developing and maintaining healthy exercise, eating, and sleeping habits; shoring up your social support systems; improving your communication skills; developing spiritual wellness; and mastering simple techniques to identify stressors in order to control them

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