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Positional & Directional Terms & Planes of Body - Chapter 2

Terms

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anterior (ventral)
front surface of the body
deep
away from the surface
distal
far from the point of attachment to the trunk or far from the beginning of a structure
frontal (coronal) plane
vertical plane dividing the body or structure into anterior and posterior positions
inferior (caudal)
before another structure pertaining to the tail or lower portion of the body
lateral
pertaining to the side
medial
pertaining to the middle or medial plane of the body
posterior (dorsal)
back surface of the body
prone
lying on the belly (face down, palms down)
proximal
near the point of attachment to the trunk or near the beginning of a structure
sagittal (lateral) plane
lengthwise, vertical plane dividing the body or structure into right and left sides
superficial
On the surface
superior (cephalic)
Above another structure, pertaining to the head
supine
lying on the back (face up, palms up)
transverse (cross-sectional or axial) plane
horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower portions

Deck Info

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