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Exam2

Terms

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Designer Drugs
Illegal drugs that mimick a controlled substance (Date rap drugs)
Fat Soluble
Absorbed through the intestinal tract with the helps of fasts. Vitamins ADEK. They are also stored in the body, and toxic accumulations in the liver may cuase cirrhosis-like symptoms.
Non-essectial
Extra (trying to lose)
Time action function
How long it takes from ingestion to the brain. (Opiates 7-9 seconds)
Environmental Tobacco Smoke
Divided into two categories:mainstream and sidestream smoke
Ectomorph
Long and lean
Fastest way #3
Inhilation
Fastest way #1
Unjection types
Drug uSE
All encompassing term to describe drug taking in the most general way
Folic
Manufacatured
Folate
Natural and Orange (Organic)
Additive
1+1=2 (Beer+Beer)
Appetite
A learned psychological desire to eat that ay or may not have anything to do with feeling hungry.
Drug
Any substance, used as a medicine that kills or inactivates germs or affects any body function or structure
Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis
Meausres how lean you are, rather than how fat you are.
Introvenous
Shot directly (heroine)
Narcotics
Powerful painkillers
Proof
Meause of the percent alcohol. (# twice the % of alcohol)
Incomplete Proteins
Proteins from plan sources that may lack one or two of the essential amino acids.
Complex Carbohydrates
Starches, Fiber,Stored in the body as glycogen
Carbohdrates
Supply us with the energy needed to sustain normal daily activity.
Waist-to-hip ratio
Mesures regional fat distribution. Greater than 1.0 in mean and 0.8 in women indicates increasd health risks.
Synergistic
1+1=3 (Beer+Marijuana)
Soluble Fiber
A favor in lowering blood cholesterol levels and reducing risk for cardiovascular diease.
Bulmia Nervosa
Preoccupation with food, secret eating, bathroom trups binge eating, dental problems
Proteins
Most abundant substance in the human body. They are "Body Builders" They are the key elemnts of the antibodies that protect us from disease.
Amino Acids
The building blocks of protein. Body breaks protein down into smaller molecules to make these.
Antagonistic
1+1=0 (The pill+Antibiotic)
Obese
BMI greater than 30
Nutrition
The science that investigates the relationship between physiological funtion and the essential elements of the goods we eat.
Incomplete Protein
Plant Products
Skinfold caliper technique
Meausre the fat layer.
Anorexia Nervosa
No menstrual cycle,talks about food alot,deprssion
Fats
Provide a concentrated form of energy in the absence of suficient amounts of carbohydrates and make you feel full after eating
Waist curcumference Measurement
A usefull tool for assessing abdominal fat. Greater than 40 inches in men and 35 in women may indicate greater health risks.
Causes/theories of obesity
GF,environment,lack of physical activity,set point theory,metabolism and energy blance, weight cycling,phychological issues
Overweight
BMI 25-29.9
Mainstream Smoke
Refers to smoke drawn through tobacco while inhaling
Essential amino acids
The body must obtain them from the diet.
Insoluble Fiber
Found in bran, whole-grain breads and cereals, and most fuits and vegetables.
Simple Sugars
Found in primarily in fruits.
Subcutaneous
Shot through the skin(Allergy)
Complete Protein
Animal products
Overweight
Increased body weight in relation to height when compared to a standard such as the hiegh weight charts.
Vitamins
Potent and essential organic compounds that promote growth and help maintain life and health
Triglycerides
Make up about 95% of total body fast, are the most common form of fat circulating in the blood.
Drug Misuse
Inappropriate use of legal drugs intended to be medications. (Prescription says to take with food, you take on an empty stomach.)
Fastest way #4
Transdurmal
Fermentation
Produces beer or wine
Psychoative
LSD,shrooms. (See sounds,hear colors)
Plaque
Major cause of antherosclerosis a compnonent of cardiovascular disease.
Sidestream Smoke(Second Hand smoke)
Smoke from the burning end of a cigarette or smoke exhaled by a smoker.
Soluble
Dissolves in water
Hunger
Occurs when there is a lack or shortage of basic foods needed to provide energy and nutrients that support health.
Drug Abuse
Any use of an illega; drug or the use of a legal drug when it's detrimental to one's health or health of uothers. (18age drinking)
Route of administration
How we get into the blood stram
Obesity
An excessively high amount of body fat in reltion to lean body mass or a BMI of 30 or more
Hypertrophy
Cell get larger and increase in cell # (bulking up)
Ways to evaluate Body weight/Composition
Traditional Height-weight charts,BMI,waist to hip ratio
Unsaturated Fats
Come from plants and include most vegetable oils, are generally liquid at room termperature and have room for additional hydrogen atoms in their chemical structure
Water Soluble
Gernerally are excreted and casue few toxicity problems and they dissolve easiy in water
Intramuscular
Shot in the muscle (Steroid)
Clove Cigaretts
Conatine about 40% ground cloves and about 60% tobacco.
High-Density Lipoproteins
Important to determining risk for heart disease.
Tar
Particulate matter condenses in the lungs to form a thick brownish sludge
Ethyl Alcohol/Ethanol
Intoxicating substance
Essential
Muscle, bones,organs. M>5% and F>8%
Cholesterol
Can accumulate on the inner walls of arteries and narrow the channels through which blood flows.
Depressant
Decrease central nervous systems
Endomorph
Round (fat albert)
Hydrostatic weighing techniques
Measures the amount of wter a person displaces when completely submerged.Most accurate in goldstat kryteriane
Low-Density Lipoproteins
High Density lipoproteins are capable of tansporting more cholesterol
Mesomorph
Muscular Athletic
Calorie
The unit of measurement used to quantify the amount of energy we obtain from a particular food.
Stimulants
Increases central nervous system
Complete (high-quality) protein
Dietary protein that supplies all of the essential amino acids.
Complex carbohydrates
Found in grains, cereals, dark green leafy vegetables, yellow fruits and vegetabbnles.
Fastest way #2
Ingestions
Minerals
The inorganic, indestructible elements that aid physiological processes withing the body.
Satiety
Feeling of fullness
Dose-Response
Relationship between the dose and the type taken
Water
Necessary for Electrolyte and PH balance and transporting cells and 0(2). 8 glasses a day.
Interaction with other drugs
Any drug that you take with another drug
Insobluble
Absorbs
Distilation
Further processing
Fiber
Indigestible portion of plant foods that helps move foods through the digestive system.

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