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med term 8: on digestion

Terms

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ano
anus
bucco
cheek
ceco
cecum
chole
bile/gall
gingiv
gums
glosso
tongue
hepato
liver
labio
lip
laparo
abdomen
procto
anus and rectum
sialo
saliva
stomato
mouth
-emesis
vomit
-lithiasis
stone
-orexia
appetite
-ostomy
surgically create an opening
-pepsia
digestion
-phagia
eat/swallow
-prandial
pertaining to a meal
-tripsy
surgical crushing
c r anus?
colon--> rectum --> anus
uvula does ______ and ______
promotes gag reflex and helps speech
peristalsis
rhythmic muscle contractions that propel food along the digestive path
sialadeno-
salivary gland
aphagia
inability to swallow, eat
polyphagia
excessive eating
ascites
collection or accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity
borborygmus
rumbling and gurgling bowel sounds
bruxism
clenching and grinding of teeth, esp during sleep
deglutination
swallowing
diverticulum
outpouching of the gut.. may become inflammed if food becomes trapped within the pouch
emesis
vomiting
eructation
belching
flatus
passing gas
hematemesis
to vomit blood
hematochezia
passing blood in the stool
melena
passage of dark, tarry stools the result of enzymes attempting to digest blood
steatorrhea
passage of a large amount of fat in the stool. created by inability to digest fats
anal fissure
crack like split in the rectum or anus
anal fistula
abn. tube like passage from anus to rectum
Crohn's disease
chronic inflammatory bowel disease affecting the ileum and or colon
diverticulitis
inflammation of a diverticulum or sac in the intestinal tract
dysentery
disease characterized by diarrhea, often w/mucus and blood, severe abdom. pain, fever, and dehydration
esophageal stricture
narrowing of the esophagus that makes the flow of fluids and food into the stomach difficult
esophogeal varices
enlarged and swollen varicose veins in the lower end of the esophagus: they can rupture and result in serious hemorrhage
hemorrhoids
varicose veins in the rectum
hiatal hernia
protusion of the stomach through the diaphragm and extending into the thoracic cavity
inguinal hernia
hernia or outpouching of the intestines into the inguinal (groin) region of the body
intussusception
result of the intestine slipping or telescoping into another section of intestine just below it.
malabsorption syndrome
inadequate absorption of nutrients from the intestinal tract.
pyloric stenosis
narrowing of the pyloric sphincter area of the stomach
volvulus
condition in which the bowel twists on itself and causes an obstruction. painful, requires immed. surgery.
endoscopy
general term meaning to take a look at the inside of a body cavity
fecal occult
exam to test for the presence of blood in feces
gavage
using a nasogastric tuve to place liquid nourishment directly into the stomach
lavage
using a nasogastric tube to wash out the stomach
vagotomy
surgical resection of the vagus nerve in an attempt to decrease the amount of acid secretion into the stomach
antiemetic
anti-vomiting
emetic
used to induce vomiting

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