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Human Growth Development & Behavor I


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What is the growth period for preschooler
Slow & Steady
What is the age group for preschooler
Ages 3 - 6
What is average wt and ht of preschooler
wt 44 lbs ht 44 inches
What type of play is seen at the preschooler age
Associative play
Ear infections are commonly seen in pre-school children because of
Their short eustachian tubes
Bed-wetting is a problem seen more often in boys than in girls and another word for this is
What is the average daily caloric need for this age group (3-6)
1800 calories divided over the course of the day
What amount of sleep is needed for this age group
10 to 12 hours
According to Freud, (phychoanalytical theory) what stage is the preschooler in
Phallic Stage (3-6)
Erickson's (psychosocial theory) has the preschooler in what stage
Initiative vs. Guilt
Piaget's (cognitive theory) the preschooler is in what state?
Preoperational Stage (2-6)
Kohlberg's (moral theory), what stage is the preschooler at?
Level 1, preconventional thinking (4-6)
a play style typical of preschool children in which they begin to take turns an share in a cooperative manner
Cooperative or associative play
What are normal vital signs for preschooler?
pulse= 90 to 100
Nightmares and night terrors differ in what way?
The child does not recall the event of night terrors
What age is the school age child
6 years to 11 years old
What stage does Freud refer at this age (6-11)
The latency stage
What is latency
the period described by Freud when school age childens sexual energies are relatively dormant
What stage is 6-11 by Ericksons theory
Industry vs inferiority
What is industry
Erickson task for the school age child. At this stage children are roductive and focus on the real world and their roles in it.
What is puberty
the period following childhood and before adolescence in whihc the body prepares for the changes necessary for reproduction
Piaget's theory for this age group of 6-11
end of preoperational stage and the start of the concrete operational stage
Kohlbergs theory for this age group of 6-11
between Level 1 (preconventional thinking, 4 to 10 ) & Level 2
(conventional thinking, 10 to 13)
Growth can be defined as what?
an increase in physical size
According to Freud what part of the mind acts as one's conscience?
School age children experience an increase in blood pressure because of?
Development of the ventricles
The number of hours of sleep that the average 6 year old child needs is?
12 hours
Stess experienced by school-age children may be manifested as what?
School phobia
Two factors that contribute to the increase in school violnce are what?
Breakdown in communication and gun availability
What style of play is at this agre group of 6-11
Team play
the period known as puberty or preadolescence is a time of rapid growth commencing between what ages.
Ages 11 and 14 and taking an average of 2 years to complete
what is adolescence?
transitional period beginning with sexual maturity and ending with growth cessation and movement toard emotional maturity.
What 4 major changes are associated with pubescent period
1. rapid physical growth
2. changes in body proportions
3. development of primary sex characteristics (sex organs)
4. Development of secondary sex characteristics.
what are some normal pubery & adolescent developments in girls
10-11 rapid growth spurt, breast development, appearance of pubic hair, 11-14 first menstrual period (menarche), 12-13 appearance of underarm hair
what are some normal pubery & adolescent developments in boys
11-12 growth of testes, scrotum and penis, appearance of pubic hair, 12-13 rapid growth spurt 13-15 growth of underarm body and facial hair, 13-14 ejaculation 14-15 deepening of voice.
The average teenager needs to increase calories, protein, minerals and vitamins, what should the average girl teenager and average boy teenager intake of calories per day be
Girls 2600 calories/day
Boys 3600 calories/day
What are some eating disorders to watch for at this age of teens or pre-teens
Anorexia nervosa, (willful starvation)
Bulimia (binge eating & purging)
Signs of Depression and Suicide
crying spells, insomnia, eating disorders, social isolation, withdrawal, acting-out behaviors, school phobias, underachievement, truancy, temper outbursts, substance abuse, feelings of hopelessness, unexplained physical symptoms, loss of interest in appearance giving away of things or possessions
Moral development in the beginning of adolescence is demostrated by
questioning of existing rules and standards
One of the objectives fulfilled by dating is
Fulfilling personal and social status

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