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6 Skills for Effective Career & Life Planning
decision making, self-assessment, gathering career info, integration of self-assessment & career info, marketing urself, work adjustment and expansion
2 types of Career Development Theories
choice theories and developmental theories
Choice Theories
focus on matching personal skills to find job fit
(like Holland's and Theory of Work Adjustment)
Developmental Theories
focus on where u are in the course of ur development in ur lifespan and what factors got u there
Holland's Typology Theory
focuses on the match between one's interests and their work environment
6 Holland Types
(apply to person & work environment)
realistic, enterprising, artistic, social, conventional, investigative
external evaluation; correspondence between individual abilities and ability requirements of job
internal evaluation; correspondence between individual needs and the work reinforcement system of the work and workplace
4 sources of self-efficacy
performance accomplishment, vicarious experience (observational learning), verbal persuasion/encouragement from others, emotional arousal (anxiety)
Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT)
focuses on the ROLE of individual's self esteem and beliefs and the how they play into outcomes and personal goals
CASVE Decision Making Cycle
Communication gap(need for decision), analysis(why gap exists), synthesis (brainstorm), valuation(weigh solutions against values), execution,
challenge to your current self of identity
a process of evaluating your current beliefs/identity and making a conscious choice to keep or change your identity
Gottfredson's Theory
emphasizes Self-Concept Development
Identity Foreclosure
committed but with no challenge; acceptance of existing without struggling for a fit
Identity Diffusion
haven't experienced a challenge, has made no choice
has felt challenge to existing sense of self, but made no choice or commitment yet
identity achievement
experienced challenge and made a committed choice
4 parts of identity development
foreclosure, diffusion, moratorium, achievement
the big 5 (OCEAN)
openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, neuroticism (aka emotional stability)
3 Types of skills
Work Content Skills, Adaptive Skills, Functional Skills
Work Content Skills
competency to perform a specific job
Adaptive Skills
ability to accept and adjust to different arrangements/conditions
Functional Skills
ability to relate to things, people, data
having multiple skills; generally better than having only one skill
the 6 MIQ values
achievement, comfort, status, altruism, safety, autonomy
instrumental specialization
aptitude for behaviors related to task accomplishment
expressive specialization
aptitude for behaviors related to group maintenance and social concerns
Harmonious Social Interaction
requires both Instrumental and Expressive Specialization
Figler's 4 Value Dimensions
material needs, social needs, emotional needs, spiritual needs

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